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Cyclodextrin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437014/cyclodextrin-films-with-fast-solvent-transport-and-shape-selective-permeability
#1
Luis Francisco Villalobos, Tiefan Huang, Klaus-Viktor Peinemann
This study describes the molecular-level design of a new type of filtration membrane made of crosslinked cyclodextrins-inexpensive macrocycles of glucose, shaped like hollow truncated cones. The channel-like cavities of cyclodextrins spawn numerous paths of defined aperture in the separation layer that can effectively discriminate between molecules. The transport of molecules through these membranes is highly shape-sensitive. In addition, the presence of hydrophobic (cavity) and hydrophilic (ester-crosslinked outer part) domains in these films results in high permeances for both polar and nonpolar solvents...
April 24, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433828/poly-cyclodextrin-cryogels-with-aligned-porous-structure-for-removal-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-from-water
#2
Fuat Topuz, Tamer Uyar
Cyclodextrins (CDs) are sugar-based cyclic oligosaccharides, which form inclusion complexes with small guest molecules through their hydrophobic cavity. Here we successfully synthesized highly porous poly-cyclodextrin (poly-CD) cryogels, which were produced under cryogenic conditions by the cross-linking of amine-functional CDs with PEG-based diepoxide cross-linker. The poly-CD cryogels showed aligned porous network structures owing to the directional freezing of the matrix, of which the pore size and architecture exposed variations depending on the composition of the reactants...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433056/discriminative-sensing-of-dopa-enantiomers-by-cyclodextrin-anchored-graphene-nanohybrids
#3
Salih Ates, Erhan Zor, Ilker Akin, Haluk Bingol, Sabri Alpaydin, Emine G Akgemci
Discriminative sensing of chiral species with a convenient and robust system is a challenge in chemistry, pharmaceutics and particularly in biomedical science. Advanced nanohybrid materials for discrimination of these biologically active molecules can be developed by combination of individual obvious advantages of different molecular scaffolds. Herein, we report on the comparison of the performance of cyclodextrin functionalized graphene derivatives (x-CD/rGO, x: α-, β-, γ-) for discrimination of DOPA enantiomers...
June 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432793/single-and-dual-cyclodextrins-systems-for-the-enantiomeric-and-diastereoisomeric-separations-of-structurally-related-dihydropyridone-analogues
#4
Thibaut Delplanques, Rajaa Boulahjar, Julie Charton, Corentin Houze, Michaël Howsam, Anne-Catherine Servais, Marianne Fillet, Emmanuelle Lipka
Cyclodextrin capillary electrophoresis methods (CD-CZE) were developed for complete enantiomeric and diastereoisomeric separations of a series of ten dihydropyridone analogues, of which eight were neutral, one was anionic and one was cationic. Ten different systems comprising one or two cyclodextrins were found to successfully separate the isomers thanks to a screening approach. Among the tested cyclodextrins, HS-γ-CD, either in a single or in a dual system, in a phosphate buffer using capillaries dynamically coated with polyethylene oxide (PEO), and SBE-β-CD, either in a single or in a dual system, in a borate buffer using uncoated capillaries, were the most selective selectors...
April 22, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432770/chiral-separation-of-aryloxyphenoxy-propionate-herbicides-in-a-permethyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-based-column-influence-of-temperature-and-mobile-phase-composition-on-enantioselectivity
#5
Ester Lubomirsky, Héctor Di Loreto, Juan M Padró, Cecilia B Castells
We used a permethyl-β-cyclodextrin chiral stationary phase under reversed-phase conditions for the chiral separation of four aryloxyphenoxy-propionate herbicides (fenoxaprop-p-ethyl, quizalofop-p-ethyl and tefuryl and haloxyfop-p-methyl) with mixtures of methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, n-propanol, tert-butanol, or acetonitrile and water as mobile phases and investigated the influence of mobile phase composition and column temperature (from 0 to 50 °C) on the separation. The retention factors (k) and selectivity factors (α) of all the herbicides investigated decreased with increasing temperature...
April 22, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432685/chiral-analysis-of-%C3%AE-diimine-ru-ii-and-fe-ii-complexes-by-capillary-electrophoresis-using-sulfated-cyclodextrins-as-stereoselectors
#6
Petra Sázelová, Dušan Koval, Lukáš Severa, Filip Teplý, Václav Kašička
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) using randomly highly sulfated α-, β-, and γ-cyclodextrins (S-α-CD, S-β-CD, S-γ-CD), sulfobutylether-β-CD (SBE-β-CD), single isomer (6-O-sulfo) α-, β-, and γ-CDs and their derivatives as stereoselectors was applied to chiral analysis of polypyridyl complexes of [Ru(bpy)3 ](2+) , [Ru(phen)3 ](2+) , and [Fe(phen)3 ](2+) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine; phen = 1,10 phenanthroline). The best separations of Δ- and Λ-enantiomers of the these complexes with high resolution (up to R1,2  = 7...
April 22, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432614/dual-activity-of-hydroxypropyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-and-water-soluble-carriers-on-the-solubility-of-carvedilol
#7
Abdelmoumin Zoghbi, Tianjiao Geng, Bo Wang
Carvedilol (CAR) is a non-selective α and β blocker categorized as class II drug with low water solubility. Several recent studies have investigated ways to overcome this problem. The aim of the present study was to combine two of these methods: the inclusion complex using hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) with solid dispersion using two carriers: Poloxamer 188 (PLX) and Polyvinylpyrrolidone K-30 (PVP) to enhance the solubility, bioavailability, and the stability of CAR. Kneading method was used to prepare CAR-HPβCD inclusion complex (KD)...
April 21, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432016/inkjet-printing-of-antiviral-pcl-nanoparticles-and-anticancer-cyclodextrin-inclusion-complexes-on-bioadhesive-film-for-cervical-administration
#8
Cem Varan, Henrika Wickström, Niklas Sandler, Yeşim Aktaş, Erem Bilensoy
Personalized medicine is an important treatment approach for diseases like cancer with high intrasubject variability. In this framework, printing is one of the most promising methods since it permits dose and geometry adjustment of the final product. With this study, a combination product consisting of anticancer (paclitaxel) and antiviral (cidofovir) drugs was manufactured by inkjet printing onto adhesive film for local treatment of cervical cancers as a result of HPV infection. Furthermore, solubility problem of paclitaxel was overcome by maintaining this poorly soluble drug in a cyclodextrin inclusion complex and release of cidofovir was controlled by encapsulation in polycaprolactone nanoparticles...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431453/carboxymethyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-as-chiral-selector-in-capillary-electrophoresis-enantioseparation-of-16-basic-chiral-drugs-and-its-chiral-recognition-mechanism-associated-with-drugs-structural-features
#9
Linlin Fang, Yueying Du, Xiaoyu Hu, Linda Luo, Xin Guo, Xingjie Guo, Jia Yu
Herein we present the enantioseparation of 10 cardiovascular agents and 6 bronchiectasis drugs including propranolol, carteolol, metoprolol, atenolol, pindolol, esmolol, bisoprolol, bevantolol, arotinolol, sotalol, clenbuterol, procaterol, bambuterol, tranterol, salbutamol and terbutaline sulfate using carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin (CM-β-CD) as chiral selector. To our knowledge, there is no literature about using CM-β-CD for separating carteolol, esmolol, bisoprolol, bevantolol, arotinolol, procaterol, bambuterol and tranterol...
April 21, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427660/ultrasound-processed-nanoemulsion-a-comparative-approach-between-resveratrol-and-resveratrol-cyclodextrin-inclusion-complex-to-study-its-binding-interactions-antioxidant-activity-and-uv-light-stability
#10
Raj Kumar, Khushwinder Kaur, Shivani Uppal, S K Mehta
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring therapeutic molecule used for treatment of diseases caused by oxidative stress. This investigation elucidates the advantages of fabrication of size controlled resveratrol inclusion complex. This has been done by encapsulating resveratrol-cyclodextrin inclusion complex in a phospholipid stabilized nanoemulsion formulated by ultrasonication emulsification method. The prepared nanoemulsion has been compared with resveratrol encapsulated nanoemulsion system. The morphology of the resveratrol nanoemulsion and inclusion complex nanoemulsion have been observed using transmission electron microscopy with average size 20...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425869/development-of-a-chitosan-based-nanoparticle-formulation-for-ophthalmic-delivery-of-honokiol
#11
Feng Deng, Wenjing Hu, Huali Chen, Yalan Tang, Liangke Zhang
In this study, honokiol-loaded chitosan/sulfobutylether-β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles (HK-CS-NPs) were prepared for ophthalmic drug delivery systems. An inclusion complex of honokiol and sulfobutylether-β-cyclodextrin was used to generate large amounts of insoluble honokiol to be incorporated into chitosan nanoparticles, which were prepared through ionotropic gelation. HK-CS-NPs featured a spherical surface with a narrow size distribution of polydispersity index less than 0.250, a mean size range of 373-523 nm, a positive surface charge of +19...
April 19, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423900/methodology-for-the-simulation-of-molecular-motors-at-different-scales
#12
Abhishek Singharoy, Christophe Chipot
Millisecond-scale conformational transitions represent a seminal challenge for traditional molecular dynamics simulations, even with the help of high-end supercomputer architectures. Such events are particularly relevant to the study of molecular motors-proteins or abiological constructs that convert chemical energy into mechanical work. Here, we present a hybrid-simulation scheme combining an array of methods including elastic network models, transition path sampling, and advanced free-energy methods, possibly in conjunction with generalized-ensemble schemes to deliver a viable option for capturing the millisecond-scale motor steps of biological motors...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423731/a-multifunctional-lipid-nanoparticle-for-co-delivery-of-paclitaxel-and-curcumin-for-targeted-delivery-and-enhanced-cytotoxicity-in-multidrug-resistant-breast-cancer-cells
#13
Jong-Suep Baek, Cheong-Weon Cho
The objective of the work was to develop a multifunctional nanomedicine based on a folate-conjugated lipid nanoparticles loaded with paclitaxel and curcumin. The novel system combines therapeutic advantageous of efficient targeted delivery via folate and timed-release of curcumin and paclitaxel via 2-hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin, thereby overcoming multidrug resistance in breast cancer cells (MCF-7/ADR). The faster release of curcumin from the folate-conjugated curcumin and paclitaxel-loaded lipid nanoparticles enables sufficient p-glycoprotein inhibition, which allows increased cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of paclitaxel...
March 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423596/transient-activation-of-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-promotes-newcastle-disease-virus-replication-and-enhances-anti-apoptotic-signaling-responses
#14
Yinfeng Kang, Runyu Yuan, Xiaqiong Zhao, Bin Xiang, Shimin Gao, Pei Gao, Xu Dai, Minsha Feng, Yanling Li, Peng Xie, Yulian Li, Xiaoyi Gao, Tao Ren
Viral infection activates a host's cellular phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway, which is involved in cell differentiation, growth, survival, and apoptosis. To elucidate molecular mechanisms in the pathogenesis of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), we demonstrated that NDV transiently activates the PI3K/Akt pathway in chicken cells at an early phase of infection. Its activation was observed as early as 15 min post-infection and gradually weakened after 24 h. Incubating cells with a PI3K inhibitor, LY294002 or wortmannin, prior to NDV infection decreased NDV progeny yields and suppressed Akt phosphorylation at early times post-infection...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422446/fusion-of-a-family-20-carbohydrate-binding-module-cbm20-with-cyclodextrin-glycosyltransferase-of-geobacillus-sp-chb1-improves-catalytic-efficiency
#15
Xianbo Jia, Yonghua Guo, Xinjian Lin, Minsheng You, Chenqiang Lin, Longjun Chen, Jichen Chen
Cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) is an important industrial enzyme for production of cyclodextrins (CDs) from starch by intramolecular transglycosylation. CGTase consists of five domains labeled A to E. For optimizing catalytic activity of CGTase, CGTase of Geobacillus sp. was fused with the family 20 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) of the Bacillus circulans strain 251 CGTase. The CBMbc251 that has a low binding free energy with maltohexaose, was selected by in silico design. Then the fusion enzyme, CGTΔE-CBMbc251, was constructed by fusing the CBMbc251 to the C-terminal region of CGTΔE...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422395/chiral-determination-of-cinchonine-using-an-electrochemiluminescent-sensor-with-molecularly-imprinted-membrane-on-the-surfaces-of-magnetic-particles
#16
Xingyi Yuan, Yanji Tan, Xiaoping Wei, Jianping Li
A novel molecular imprinting electrochemiluminescence sensor for detecting chiral cinchonine molecules was developed with a molecularly imprinted polymer membrane on the surfaces of magnetic microspheres. Fe3 O4 @Au nanoparticles modified with 6-mercapto-beta-cyclodextrin were used as a carrier, cinchonine as a template molecule, methacrylic acid as a functional monomer and N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide as a cross-linking agent. Cinchonine was specifically recognized by the 6-mercapto-beta-cyclodextrin functional molecularly imprinted polymer and detected based on enhancement of the electrochemiluminescence intensity caused by the reaction of tertiary amino structures of cinchonine molecules with Ru(bpy)3(2+) ...
April 19, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422324/optical-resolution-and-mechanism-using-enantioselective-cellulose-sodium-alginate-and-hydroxypropyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-membranes
#17
Li-Ming Yuan, Wei Ma, Mei Xu, Hui-Lin Zhao, Yuan-Yuan Li, Rui-Lin Wang, Ai-Hong Duan, Ping Ai, Xue-Xian Chen
Chiral solid membranes of cellulose, sodium alginate, and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin were prepared for chiral dialysis separations. After optimizing the membrane material concentrations, the membrane preparation conditions and the feed concentrations, enantiomeric excesses of 89.1%, 42.6%, and 59.1% were obtained for mandelic acid on the cellulose membrane, p-hydroxy phenylglycine on the sodium alginate membrane, and p-hydroxy phenylglycine on the hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin membrane, respectively. To study the optical resolution mechanism, chiral discrimination by membrane adsorption, solid phase extraction, membrane chromatography, high-pressure liquid chromatography ultrafiltration were performed...
April 19, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421241/effect-of-methyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-on-gene-expression-in-microbial-conversion-of-phytosterol
#18
Victoria Y Shtratnikova, Mikhail I Schelkunov, Dmitry V Dovbnya, Eugeny Y Bragin, Marina V Donova
Modified β-cyclodextrins are widely used for the enhancement of microbial conversions of lipophilic compounds such as steroids. Multiple mechanisms of cyclodextrin-mediated enhancement of phytosterol bioconversion by mycobacteria had previously been shown to include steroid solubilization, alterations in the cell wall permeability for both steroids and nutrients, facilitation of protein leaking, and activity suppression of some steroid-transforming enzymes.In this work, we studied whether cyclodextrins might affect expression of the genes involved in the steroid catabolic pathway...
April 18, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419936/simultaneous-separation-and-determination-of-four-uncaria-alkaloids-by-capillary-electrophoresis-using-dual-cyclodextrin-system
#19
Lou Li, Liying Xu, Meng Chen, Guangbin Zhang, Hongfen Zhang, Anjia Chen
The purpose of this study was to develop a simple, quick and precise capillary zone electrophoresis method (CZE) for the separation and determination of uncaria alkaloids using dual cyclodextrins as additives for the separation. The four analytes were baseline separated within 15min at the applied voltage of 15kV with a running buffer (pH 5.7) consisting of 40.0mM phosphate buffer, 161.7mM 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) and 2.21mM mono-(6-ethylenediamine-6-deoxy)-β-cyclodextrin (ED-β-CD). Under the optimum conditions, a good linearity was achieved with correlation coefficients from 0...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419836/enzymatic-behavior-of-laccase-following-interaction-with-%C3%AE-cd-and-immobilization-into-pcl-nanofibers
#20
M Fatih Canbolat, Hasan Basri Savas, Fatih Gultekin
This study examines the effects of CD use on enzymatic activity, following enzyme immobilization into nanofibers. There is almost no research available on the change in enzyme activity following interaction with cyclodextrin and electrospun nanofiber mats together. Laccase enzyme was immobilized into nanofibrous structures by various techniques, with and without γ-CD addition, and the enzymatic activity of the laccase was analyzed. SEM, XRD, and FTIR analyses were used for the characterization of the resulting structures...
April 15, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
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