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"Bioimpedance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026505/indicator-for-success-of-obesity-reduction-programs-in-adolescents-body-composition-or-body-mass-index-evaluating-a-school-based-health-promotion-project-after-12-weeks-of-intervention
#1
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Shahram Rafieifar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Atefeh Aminifard, Hanieh Malmir, Narjes Ashoori, Sheyda Abdi, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Saeid Doaei
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescence is the strongest risk factor for obesity in adulthood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on different anthropometric indices in 12-16-year-old boy adolescents after 12 Weeks of Intervention. METHODS: A total of 96 male adolescents from two schools participated in this study. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (53 students) and control school (43 students). Height and weight of students were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991039/heavy-load-lifting-acute-response-in-breast-cancer-survivors-at-risk-for-lymphedema
#2
Kira Bloomquist, Peter Oturai, Megan L Steele, Lis Adamsen, Tom Møller, Karl Bang Christensen, Bent Ejlertsen, Sandra C Hayes
PURPOSE: Despite a paucity of evidence, prevention guidelines typically advise avoidance of heavy lifting in an effort to protect against breast cancer-related lymphedema. This study compared acute responses in arm swelling and related symptoms after low- and heavy-load resistance exercise among women at risk of lymphedema while receiving adjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy. METHODS: This is a randomized, cross-over equivalence trial. Women receiving adjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy for breast cancer who had undergone axillary lymph node dissection (n=21) participated in low- (60-65% 1 repetition maximum (RM), two sets of 15-20 repetitions) and heavy-load (85-90% 1RM, three sets of 5-8 repetition) upper-extremity resistance exercise separated by a one-week wash-out period...
October 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985770/systemic-inflammation-mediates-the-detrimental-effects-of-obesity-on-asthma-control
#3
X Zhang, J Zheng, L Zhang, Y Liu, G P Chen, H P Zhang, L Wang, D Y Kang, L G Wood, G Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity negatively impacts asthma control, but the inflammatory mechanisms are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To explore which systemic inflammatory mediators mediate the effects of obesity on asthma control. METHODS: The subjects with stable asthma (n = 108) underwent assessment of clinical characteristics, which included usingThe Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ)-6. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) of more than or equal to 30 kg/m2, overweight was defined as BMI between 25 to 29...
October 2, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979785/estimated-dietary-sodium-intake-in-haemodialysis-patients-using-food-frequency-questionnaires
#4
Anastasia Gkza, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, dietary sodium assessment requires reliable and rapid screening tools. We wished to evaluate the usefulness of food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) in estimating dietary sodium intakes in haemodialysis patients. METHODS: We used the Derby Salt Questionnaire (DSQ), and Scored Sodium Questionnaire (SSQ) to estimate sodium intake. Body composition was determined by bioimpedance. RESULTS: In total, 139 haemodialysis patients (95 men) completed the FFQs, with mean ± standard deviation age 67 ± 15 years...
October 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971467/bioimpedance-measurements-in-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#5
Styliani A Geronikolou, Flora Bacopoulou, Dennis Cokkinos
Limited data are available on the body composition of adolescent women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of this study was to examine differences in body composition indices of metabolism, homeostasis and inflammation, between Greek adolescent females suffering from PCOS and age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched non-PCOS controls. Thirteen PCOS patients and nine non-PCOS controls, aged 13-24 years participated in this cross-sectional study. Study participants underwent assessment by a novel dual frequency bioimpedance device (BIA-ACC)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971054/relation-between-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-hand-grip-strength-in-the-healthy-elderly
#6
Hyun Iee Shin, Don-Kyu Kim, Kyung Mook Seo, Si Hyun Kang, Sang Yoon Lee, Sunhan Son
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sarcopenic indices in relation to respiratory muscle strength (RMS) in elderly people. METHODS: This study included 65 volunteers over the age of 60 (30 men and 35 women). The skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was measured using bioimpedance analysis. Limb muscle function was assessed by handgrip strength (HGS), the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and gait speed. RMS was addressed by maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) using a spirometer...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967233/overhydration-underhydration-and-total-body-sodium-a-tricky-m%C3%A3-nage-a-trois-in-dialysis-patients
#7
EDITORIAL
Luminita Voroneanu, Cristina Gavrilovici, Adrian Covic
Overhydration is a frequent complication in dialysis patients. It has been linked with hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, arterial stiffness, atherosclerosis uremic cardiomyopathy, and all-cause mortality or cardiovascular morbidity. In addition, predialysis underhydration is also associated with increased risk of death in ESRD patients. In this context, the optimal evaluation of hydration status is a must. However, this mission is not easy or accurate. In the last 10 years, several new methods have been tested in dialysis patients, particularly bioimpedance and lung ultrasonography...
October 1, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965299/value-of-bioimpedance-analysis-estimated-dry-weight-in-maintenance-dialysis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Adrian Covic, Adi-Ionut Ciumanghel, Dimitrie Siriopol, Mehmet Kanbay, Raluca Dumea, Cristina Gavrilovici, Ionut Nistor
BACKGROUND: Volume overload is a common complication in patients with end-stage kidney disease who undergo maintenance dialysis therapy and associated with hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy and mortality in this population. Although bioimpedance analysis (BIA), an objective method to assess overhydration, is associated with poor outcomes in observational studies, in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) the results were conflicting. We have examined the role of BIA for assessing the "dry weight" and fluid status in order to improve fluid overload in comparison with a control or clinical-based prescription in patients with ESKD receiving haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis...
September 30, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960036/measurement-of-fluid-status-using-bioimpedance-methods-in-korean-pediatric-patients-on-hemodialysis
#9
Eun Mi Yang, Eujin Park, Yo Han Ahn, Hyun Jin Choi, Hee Gyung Kang, Hae Il Cheong, Il Soo Ha
Adequate fluid management is an important therapeutic goal of dialysis. Recently, bioelectrical impedance methods have been used to determine body fluid status, but pediatric reports are rare. To determine the accuracy of bioelectrical impedance methods in the assessment of body fluid statusof children undergoing hemodialysis (HD), 12 children on HD were studied. A multi-frequency bioimpedance analysis device (Inbody S10) and bioimpedance spectroscopy device (BCM) were used to evaluate fluid status. Fluid removal during a HD session (assessed as body-weight change, ΔBWt) was compared with the difference in total body water determined by each device (measured fluid difference, ΔMF), which showed strong correlation using either method (Pearson's coefficient, r = 0...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959904/body-composition-does-not-affect-serum-levels-of-cathelicidin-ll-37-in-elderly-women-with-unipolar-depression
#10
Ewa Szczepocka, Elżbieta Kozłowska, Ewa Brzezińska-Błaszczyk, Adam Wysokiński
OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial peptides are components of the innate immune system. Cathelicidin LL-37 plays an important role in antimicrobial defense, exerts proinflammatory effect and strongly affects the immune system functioning. Our recent study revealed that serum concentration of LL-37 is increased in elderly women with depression. The aim of this study is to evaluate serum LL-37 levels in elderly women with depression and to compare them with non-depressed elderly women, matched for anthropometric and body composition parameters...
September 29, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956701/segmental-bioimpedance-informs-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema
#11
Brenda J Svensson, Elizabeth S Dylke, Leigh C Ward, Sharon L Kilbreath
BACKGROUND: Detection of lymphedema, particularly its mild stage, is clinically challenging. The aim of this study was to determine whether segmental bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) provided additional information to whole arm BIS in assessing women with or at risk of lymphedema following breast cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants (n = 66), aged 61.6 ± 10.5 years (mean ± standard deviation [SD]), were grouped according to lymphedema status: (1) at-risk (n = 24) had no indicators of lymphedema and (2) lymphedema (n = 42) were suspected to be developing lymphedema or had previously met lymphedema diagnostic criteria and undergone treatment...
September 28, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955425/intra-abdominal-fat-comparison-of-computed-tomography-fat-segmentation-and-bioimpedance-spectroscopy
#12
Peter Finch
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal fat is an important factor in determining the metabolic syndrome/insulin resistance, and thus the risk of diabetes and ischaemic heart disease. Computed Tomography (CT) fat segmentation represents a defined method of quantifying intra-abdominal fat, with attendant radiation risks. Bioimpedance spectroscopy may offer a method of assessment without any risks to the patients. A comparison is made of these two methods. METHODS: This was a preliminary study of the utility of multifrequency bioimpedance spectroscopy of the mid abdomen as a measure of intra-abdominal fat, by comparison with fat segmentation of an abdominal CT scan in the -30 to -190 HU range...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946965/testosterone-deficiency-in-dialysis-patients-difference-between-dialysis-techniques
#13
Secundino Cigarrán, Francisco Coronel, Enrique Florit, Jesús Calviño, Juan Villa, Lourdes Gonzalez Tabares, José Antonio Herrero, Juan Jesús Carrero
Testosterone deficiency is a prevalent condition in male patients with chronic kidney disease. However, it is not known whether the type of renal replacement therapy has an impact on testosterone deficiency that accompanies loss of renal function. METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 79 prevalent male patients on dialysis; 43 on haemodialysis (HD) and 36 on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The median age was 69 years and 31.6% were diabetics. Endogenous testosterone levels were measured by immunoluminescence assay (normal range 3-10...
September 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941657/effects-of-a-complex-rehabilitation-program-on-edema-status-physical-function-and-quality-of-life-in-lower-limb-lymphedema-after-gynecological-cancer-surgery
#14
Jung Hwa Do, Kyoung Hyo Choi, Jun Su Ahn, Jae Yong Jeon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a complex rehabilitation (CR) program and complex decongestive therapy (CDT) on edema status, physical function, and quality of life in patients with unilateral lower-limb lymphedema after gynecologic cancer surgery. METHODS: In this randomized pilot study, 40 patients with secondary unilateral lymphedema, after gynecologic surgery for cervical, endometrial, or ovarian cancer, that had been diagnosed based on clinical assessment and 10% volume differences between the legs were randomly assigned to the CDT (n=20) and CDT combined with CR (CRCDT; n=20) groups...
September 20, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933052/erratum-to-utilization-of-bioimpedance-spectroscopy-in-the-prevention-of-chronic-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema
#15
David I Kaufman, Chirag Shah, Frank A Vicini, Marisa Rizzi
In the original publication of the article, under the heading, Study limitations in the Discussion section, the second paragraph, fifth sentence was published incorrectly as "Patients with an L-Dex increase of ≥ 5.5 undergo…sleeve for 4 weeks".
September 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930098/bioimpedance-technology-for-detection-of-thoracic-injury
#16
Ruben Buendia, Stefan Candefjord, Benjamin Sanchez, Hans Granhed, Bengt-Arne Sjöqvist, Per Örtenwall, Eva-Corina Caragounis
Thoracic trauma is one of the most common and lethal types of injury, causing over a quarter of traumatic deaths. Severe thoracic injuries are often occult and difficult to diagnose in the field. There is a need for a point-of-care diagnostic device for severe thoracic injuries in the prehospital setting. Electrical bioimpedance (EBI) is non-invasive, portable, rapid and easy to use technology that can provide objective and quantitative diagnostic information for the prehospital environment. Here, we evaluated the performance of EBI to detect thoracic injuries...
September 20, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918423/non-discriminant-relationships-between-leg-muscle-strength-mass-and-gait-performance-in-healthy-young-and-old-adults
#17
Thomas Muehlbauer, Urs Granacher, Ron Borde, Tibor Hortobágyi
BACKGROUND: Gait speed declines with increasing age, but it is unclear if gait speed preferentially correlates with leg muscle strength or mass. OBJECTIVE: We determined the relationship between gait speed and (1) leg muscle strength measured at 3 lower extremity joints and (2) leg lean tissue mass (LTM) in healthy young (age: 25 years, n = 20) and old (age: 70 years, n = 20) adults. METHODS: Subjects were tested for maximal isokinetic hip, knee, and ankle extension torque, leg LTM by bioimpedance, and gait performance (i...
September 16, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918171/the-association-between-delirium-and-sarcopenia-in-older-adult-patients-admitted-to-acute-geriatrics-units-results-from-the-glisten-multicenter-observational-study
#18
Giuseppe Bellelli, Antonella Zambon, Stefano Volpato, Pasquale Abete, Lara Bianchi, Mario Bo, Antonio Cherubini, Francesco Corica, Mauro Di Bari, Marcello Maggio, Giovanna Maria Manca, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Andrea Rossi, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To date, studies assessing the relationship between sarcopenia and delirium, two of the most common geriatric syndromes, are lacking. We sought to explore this association by investigating the co-occurrence of these two conditions and the independent association between them in a population of hospitalized older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional multicenter analysis of older adults consecutively admitted to 12 acute geriatric units (AGUs). Sarcopenia was assessed upon admission by evaluating the presence of low skeletal mass index (kg/m(2)), and either low handgrip strength or low walking speed (European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, EWGSOP criteria)...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904881/numerical-expression-of-volume-status-using-the-bioimpedance-ratio-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#19
Mun Jang, Won Hak Kim, Jung Hee Lee, Mi Soon Kim, Eun Kyoung Lee, So Mi Kim, Jai Won Chang
BACKGROUND: Volume overload results in higher mortality rates in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The ratio of bioimpedance (RBI) might be a helpful parameter in adjusting dry body weight in CAPD patients. This study examined whether it is possible to distinguish between non-hypervolemic status and hypervolemic status in CAPD patients by using only RBI. METHODS: RBI was calculated as follows: RBI = impedance at 50 kHz/impedance at 500 kHz...
September 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902883/association-between-e-e%C3%A2-ratio-and-fluid-overload-in-patients-with-predialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Jae-Seok Kim, Jae-Won Yang, Jin Sae Yoo, Seung Ok Choi, Byoung-Geun Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic fluid overload is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and can with time lead to diastolic dysfunction and heart failure. We investigated whether markers of fluid status, such as NT-proBNP and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS), can predict echocardiographic findings of diastolic dysfunction in non-dialysis CKD5 patients. METHODS: BIS, echocardiography, and measurement of serum NT-proBNP were performed in patients with non-dialysis CKD stage 5 at a single study visit...
2017: PloS One
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