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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420444/an-application-of-syndemic-theory-to-identify-drivers-of-the-syphilis-epidemic-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway, Hasina Samji, Naomi Dove, Dionne Gesink, Mark Gilbert, John L Oliffe, Troy Grennan, Jason Wong
BACKGROUND: We applied syndemic theory to explore the degree to which syndemic conditions explain the syphilis epidemic affecting Canadian gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (GBMSM). METHODS: Data from a national survey comprising 7872 GBMSM were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression to measure associations between recent syphilis diagnosis (RSD; in previous 12 months) and the following variables: (1) sociodemographic information (sexuality, HIV status, age, income, ethnicity, relationship status), (2) antigay stigma (bullying, physical violence, sexual violence, career discrimination, health care discrimination), (3) syndemic conditions (suicidality, intimate partner violence, depression, illicit substance use, binge drinking), (4) sexual behaviors, (5) health care discrimination, and (6) the cumulative count of antigay experiences and syndemic conditions...
March 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414915/characteristics-of-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-the-disclosure-of-sexual-orientation-among-young-french-lgb-adults
#2
Elodie Charbonnier, Florence Dumas, Adam Chesterman, Pierluigi Graziani
BACKGROUND: Lesbians, gays, and bisexual people (LGB) present high levels of suicidal ideation. The disclosure of sexual orientation is a stressful experience which presents a high suicide risk. Research has not paid sufficient attention to stress during this disclosure in order to understand suicide among LGB people. The aims of this study were to investigate: (1) the characteristics of stress during this revelation, more precisely cognitive appraisal, emotions, and coping; and (2) associations between these characteristics and suicidal ideation...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369735/mental-health-staff-perceptions-and-practice-regarding-self-harm-suicidality-and-help-seeking-in-lgbtq-youth-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-the-uk
#3
Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings, Elizabeth McDermott
Young people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer (LGBTQ) experience higher levels of suicidality compared to heterosexual or cisgender peers, and face significant barriers accessing mental health services including prejudice from staff. In a cross-sectional survey, mental health staff who reported receiving LGBT awareness training were significantly more likely to report in relation to working with LGBT youth that they routinely discussed issues of sexuality and gender (χ2=8.782, df=2, p < 0...
January 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326961/trends-in-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-students-in-a-canadian-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Tracey Peter, Tamara Edkins, Ryan Watson, Jones Adjei, Yuko Homma, Elizabeth Saewyc
Objectives: Despite evidence from numerous studies that document disparities in suicidality for sexual minorities, few have investigated whether or not these trends have improved over time, which is the objective of the current study. Methods: Using school-based population data over a 15-year period (1998 to 2013), multivariate logistic regressions were used to calculate age-adjusted odds ratios separately by gender. Interactions were included to test widening or narrowing disparities within orientation groups, which makes this one of the first studies to test whether gaps in disparities between heterosexual and sexual minorities have widened or narrowed over time...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317582/health-and-life-satisfaction-for-chinese-gay-men-%C3%A2-in-guangzhou-china
#5
Yong Yu, Shuiyuan Xiao
To understand Chinese gay men's health and life satisfaction in Guanzhou, and to analyze the main factors for life satisfaction.
 Methods: Male gay participants were recruited through respondent-driven sampling and face-to-face investigations with self-administered questionnaires, including a general demographic questionnaire, a suicide questionnaire, the Depression-Anxiety Stress Scale, the Self-Stigma Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223563/sexual-identity-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicidal-behaviors
#6
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Taylor Lensch, Amberlee Baxa, Christopher Gay, Sandra Larson, Wei Yang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of sexual identity and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on suicidal behaviors in a population-based sample of high school students. METHODS: A two-stage cluster random sampling design was used to recruit 5,108 students from 97 high schools. A total of 4,955 students (97%) provided information that allowed for classification of sexual identity into three groups: (1) lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) (10%); (2) not sure (4...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189033/comparing-treatment-response-between-lgbq-and-heterosexual-individuals-attending-a-cbt-and-dbt-skills-based-partial-hospital
#7
Courtney Beard, Norik Kirakosian, Alexandra L Silverman, Jeffrey P Winer, Lauren P Wadsworth, Thröstur Björgvinsson
OBJECTIVE: Despite a greater need for mental health treatment in individuals identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and other sexual minority identities (LGBQ+), no prior study has examined mental health treatment outcomes for LGBQ+ populations receiving standard care. We compared individuals identifying as LGBQ+ or heterosexual on treatment outcomes following a partial hospital program based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). METHOD: A total of 441 participants (19% LGBQ+; mean age = 34...
December 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166436/factors-associated-with-self-reported-discrimination-against-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-brazil
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Laio Magno, Inês Dourado, Luís Augusto V da Silva, Sandra Brignol, Ana Maria de Brito, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Adele Benzaken, Adriana de A Pinho, Carl Kendall, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
OBJECTIVE: To estimate self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Brazil and to analyze associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 3,859 MSM recruited in 2008-2009 with respondent driven sampling. Data collection conducted in health centers in 10 Brazilian cities. A face-to-face questionnaire was used and rapid HIV and syphilis tests conducted. Aggregated data were weighted and adjusted odds ratio estimated to measure the association between selected factors and self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162345/postacute-care-after-pediatric-hospitalizations-for-a-primary-mental-health-condition
#9
James C Gay, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Stephanie K Doupnik, Matthew Hall, Jonathan Rodean, Margaret O'Neill, Rustin Morse, Kris P Rehm, Jay G Berry, Naomi S Bardach
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of US children hospitalized for a primary mental health condition who are discharged to postacute care (PAC); whether PAC discharge is associated with demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; and whether PAC use varies by state. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationally representative sample of US acute care hospitalizations for children ages 2-20 years with a primary mental health diagnosis, using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Databases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136170/corrigendum-the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119924/deaths-in-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-united-kingdom-communities-associated-with-ghb-and-precursors
#11
John M Corkery, Barbara Loi, Hugh Claridge, Christine Goodair, Fabrizio Schifano
Background Misuse of gammahydroxybutrate (GHB) and its prodrugs gammabutyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4 butanediol (1,4-BD) has increased greatly since the early 1990s, particularly amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in recreational and sexual settings, e.g. 'chemsex'. Objective and method This paper presents an overview of GHB pharmacotoxicology and provides analyses of cases in the LGBT population associated with use of these substances extracted from the UK's National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths database, to which notification is voluntary...
November 8, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111903/suicide-acceptability-and-sexual-orientation-results-from-the-general-social-survey-2008-2014
#12
John R Blosnich, Megan C Lytle, Robert W S Coulter, Darren L Whitfield
OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals have higher prevalence of lifetime suicide ideation and attempt than their heterosexual peers, but less is known about differences in suicide acceptability (i.e., believing suicide is a viable answer to a problem). The purpose of this study was to examine if LGB adults had greater suicide acceptability than heterosexual adults. METHODS: Four items in the General Social Surveys from 2008-2014 assessed whether a nationally representative sample of US adult respondents (n = 5,037) thought it acceptable for individuals to kill themselves if one: goes bankrupt, dishonors their family, is tired of living, or has an incurable disease...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056030/health-disparities-between-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults-and-the-general-population-in-south-korea-rainbow-connection-project-i
#13
Horim Yi, Hyemin Lee, Jooyoung Park, Bokyoung Choi, Seung-Sup Kim
Objectives: This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities. Methods: The research team conducted a nationwide survey of 2,335 Korean LGB adults in 2016. Using the dataset, we estimated the age-standardized prevalence ratios (SPR) for poor self-rated health, musculoskeletal pain, depressive symptoms, suicidal behaviors, smoking, and hazardous drinking...
October 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045707/the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth have a higher risk of suicidality and self-harm than heterosexual youth populations but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to investigate the social determinants of this mental health inequality. Methods: A two-stage sequential mixed method study was conducted. Firstly, 29 semi-structured interviews with LGBT youth (aged 13-25 years old) were completed. Data was analysed thematically...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035063/religious-anti-gay-prejudice-as-a-predictor-of-mental-health-abuse-and-substance-use
#15
Babucarr J Sowe, Alan J Taylor, Jac Brown
Anti-gay, or homonegative, prejudice is generally considered harmful to the wellbeing of sexual minority individuals. However, the origins or nature of such prejudice may vary. Despite a sizable body of literature suggesting homonegative prejudice is frequently religious-based, the psychological impact of exposure to religious anti-gay prejudice remains largely undetermined. Addressing this research gap, the authors examined whether opposition to same-sex sexuality on religious grounds predicted detrimental outcomes among same- and both-sex attracted individuals, as well as their heterosexual counterparts...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020574/suicidal-and-help-seeking-behaviors-among-youth-in-an-online-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer-and-questioning-social-network
#16
Megan C Lytle, Vincent M B Silenzio, Christopher M Homan, Phoenix Schneider, Eric D Caine
LGBTQ youth have a great burden for suicidal ideation/behavior compared to their non-LGBTQ peers. While scholars have explored risk factors for suicidal behaviors, little is known about protective factors among LGBTQ youth, let alone within group differences in terms of help-seeking. Data were collected from 203 TrevorSpace (e.g., a social network for LGBTQ youth) users via online survey to examine suicidal and help-seeking behaviors among LGBTQ individuals. Among participants who reported suicidal ideation/behavior, a large proportion did not seek help (73...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885100/recent-suicide-attempts-across-multiple-social-identities-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-an-intersectionality-analysis
#17
Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway Hottes, Olena Hankivsky, Terry Trussler, John Oliffe, Rick Marchand
This study draws from intersectionality to describe variations in recent suicide attempts (RSA) among gay and bisexual men (GBM) across socio-demographics. Using survey data, logistic regression modeling explored RSA in two analytical stages: A) the individual effects of each socio-demographic were measured; B) two-way interaction terms between socio-demographic were tested and added to the models created in stage A. In stage A, only education and income achieved significance. In stage B, the study found that: 1) Education and income interacted significantly such that the odds of RSA increased for those with a lower income and a lower education; 2) Sexual orientation and partnership status interacted resulting in decreased odds among bisexual men in heterosexual partnerships; 3) Income and education interacted with geography; the effects of these variables were significant only among urban men...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865597/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-youth-risk-factors-and-protective-connectedness-factors
#18
Lindsay A Taliaferro, Jennifer J Muehlenkamp
OBJECTIVE: We investigated differences in prevalence of repetitive nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal ideation, and a suicide attempt among youth who identified as bisexual, gay/lesbian, and questioning. In addition, we examined which types of social connections were associated with reduced risk of repetitive NSSI and suicidality among youth who identified with a specific sexual minority group. METHODS: Data came from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. The analytic sample included 77,758 students in grades 9 and 11...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821997/evidence-of-multiple-mediating-pathways-in-associations-between-constructs-of-stigma-and-self-reported-suicide-attempts-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-gay-and-bisexual-men
#19
Travis Salway, Dionne Gesink, Selahadin Ibrahim, Olivier Ferlatte, Anne E Rhodes, David J Brennan, Rick Marchand, Terry Trussler
Gay and bisexual men (GBM) are more likely to attempt suicide than heterosexual men. This disparity is commonly interpreted using minority stress theory; however, specific pathways from antigay stigma to suicidal behavior are poorly understood. We aimed to estimate associations between multiple constructs of stigma and suicide attempts among adult GBM, and to measure the proportion of these associations mediated by distinct suicide risk factors, thus identifying proximal points of intervention. Data were drawn from a Canadian community-based survey of adult GBM...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765305/sexual-orientation-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people
#20
EDITORIAL
Nick Meader, Melissa K Y Chan
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) young people have been found to be at greater risk of suicidal behaviour. National prevention strategies have identified the need to reduce suicide risk in this population. However, research on specific risk factors for LGB young people that might inform suicide prevention programmes are at an early stage of development.
August 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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