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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772772/multiplicative-effects-of-social-and-psychological-risk-factors-on-college-students-suicidal-behaviors
#1
Shervin Assari
Less is known about the multiplicative effects of social and psychological risk and protective factors of suicidality on college campuses. The current study aimed to investigate the multiplicative effects of social (identifying oneself as gay/lesbian, financial difficulty, violence victimization, and religiosity) and psychological (anxiety, depression, problem alcohol use, drug use) and risk/protective factors on suicidal behaviors among college students in the United States. Using a cross-sectional design, the Healthy Mind Study (HMS; 2016⁻2017), is a national online survey of college students in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769243/hospitalization-for-suicide-ideation-or-attempt-2008-2015
#2
Gregory Plemmons, Matthew Hall, Stephanie Doupnik, James Gay, Charlotte Brown, Whitney Browning, Robert Casey, Katherine Freundlich, David P Johnson, Carrie Lind, Kris Rehm, Susan Thomas, Derek Williams
OBJECTIVES: Suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SAs) have been reported as increasing among US children over the last decade. We examined trends in emergency and inpatient encounters for SI and SA at US children's hospitals from 2008 to 2015. METHODS: We used retrospective analysis of administrative billing data from the Pediatric Health Information System database. RESULTS: There were 115 856 SI and SA encounters during the study period...
May 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683025/developing-resilience-gay-men-s-response-to-systemic-discrimination
#3
Ingrid Handlovsky, Vicky Bungay, John Oliffe, Joy Johnson
Gay men experience marked health disparities compared to heterosexual men, associated with profound discrimination. Resilience as a concept has received growing attention to increase understanding about how gay men promote and protect their health in the presence of adversity. Missing in this literature are the perspectives and experiences of gay men over 40 years. This investigation, drawing on grounded theory methods, examined how gay men over 40 years of age develop resilience over the course of their lives to promote and protect their health...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604113/minority-stress-and-relational-mechanisms-of-suicide-among-sexual-minorities-subgroup-differences-in-the-associations-between-heterosexist-victimization-shame-rejection-sensitivity-and-suicide-risk
#4
Ethan H Mereish, Jessica R Peters, Shirley Yen
Despite sexual orientation disparities in suicide, there is limited research examining factors associated with suicide risk among sexual minorities while considering subgroup differences within this group. This study identified differences between sexual minorities at risk for suicide and those not at risk. The study also examined heterosexist victimization, as one form of minority stress, and two relational mechanisms (i.e., shame and rejection sensitivity) as risk factors for suicidality. We examined a moderated-mediation model, in which we tested gender and sexual orientation differences in the mediating effects of the relational mechanisms on the association between heterosexist victimization and suicide risk...
March 31, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594980/is-young-adulthood-a-critical-period-for-suicidal-behavior-among-sexual-minorities-results-from-a-us-national-sample
#5
Jessica N Fish, Cara E Rice, Stephanie T Lanza, Stephen T Russell
The developmental timing of suicide-related disparities between heterosexuals and sexual minorities (i.e., lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) people) is an understudied area that has critical prevention implications. In addition to developmentally situated experiences that shape risk for suicidality in the general population, sexual minorities also experience unique social stressors (e.g., anti-LGB stigma) that may alter their risk for suicidal behavior at different ages. Using a nationally representative US sample of adults, we assessed age-varying rates of suicidal behavior among heterosexuals and sexual minorities ages 18 to 60 and the age-varying association between anti-LGB discrimination and suicidal behavior...
March 29, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550162/association-of-religiosity-with-sexual-minority-suicide-ideation-and-attempt
#6
Megan C Lytle, John R Blosnich, Susan M De Luca, Chris Brownson
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to explore how the associations between importance of religion and recent suicide ideation, recent suicide attempt, and lifetime suicide attempt vary by sexual orientation. METHODS: Survey data were collected from the 2011 University of Texas at Austin's Research Consortium data from 21,247 college-enrolled young adults aged 18-30 years. Respondents reported sexual identity as heterosexual, gay/lesbian, bisexual, or questioning...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520832/suicidality-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-taiwan-its-relationships-with-sexuality-and-gender-role-characteristics-homophobic-bullying-victimization-and-social-support
#7
Peng-Wei Wang, Nai-Ying Ko, Ray C Hsiao, Mu-Hong Chen, Huang-Chi Lin, Cheng-Fang Yen
This study aimed to examine the associations of suicidality in emerging adulthood with time of coming out, gender role nonconformity, sexual orientation, traditional and cyber homophobic bullying victimization, and family and peer support during childhood in gay and bisexual men in Taiwan. The frequency of "experiencing suicide ideation" and "attempting suicide" in the past year among 500 gay or bisexual men was examined. The participants' time of coming out, level of subjective masculinity, sexual orientation, experiences of traditional and cyber homophobic bullying victimization, and levels of family and peer support during childhood were also evaluated...
March 9, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492768/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-suicide-ideation-and-attempt-among-bisexual-populations
#8
Travis Salway, Lori E Ross, Charles P Fehr, Joseph Burley, Shayan Asadi, Blake Hawkins, Lesley A Tarasoff
Sexual minorities are at increased risk of suicide; however, it is unclear whether there are within-sexual minority differences in risk across specific sexual identities-notably between bisexual and lesbian/gay subgroups. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify associations between bisexual identity and self-reported suicide ideation and attempt and the moderation of these associations by gender/sex, age, sampling strategy, and measurement of sexuality. Abstracts and full texts were independently screened by two reviewers, resulting in a total of 46 studies that met inclusion criteria and reported 12-month or lifetime prevalence estimates for suicide ideation or attempt...
February 28, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479555/validation-of-the-minority-stress-scale-among-italian-gay-and-bisexual-men
#9
Andrea Norcini Pala, Francesca Dell'Amore, Patrizia Steca, Lauren Clinton, Theodorus Sandfort, Christine Rael
The experience of sexual orientation stigma (e.g., homophobic discrimination and physical aggression) generates minority stress, a chronic form of psychosocial stress. Minority stress has been shown to have a negative effect on gay and bisexual men's (GBM's) mental and physical health, increasing the rates of depression, suicidal ideation, and HIV risk behaviors. In conservative religious settings, such as Italy, sexual orientation stigma can be more frequently and/or more intensively experienced. However, minority stress among Italian GBM remains understudied...
December 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449136/sexual-orientation-discordance-and-nonfatal-suicidal-behaviors-in-u-s-high-school-students
#10
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
April 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420444/an-application-of-syndemic-theory-to-identify-drivers-of-the-syphilis-epidemic-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway, Hasina Samji, Naomi Dove, Dionne Gesink, Mark Gilbert, John L Oliffe, Troy Grennan, Jason Wong
BACKGROUND: We applied syndemic theory to explore the degree to which syndemic conditions explain the syphilis epidemic affecting Canadian gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (GBMSM). METHODS: Data from a national survey comprising 7872 GBMSM were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression to measure associations between recent syphilis diagnosis (RSD; in previous 12 months) and the following variables: (1) sociodemographic information (sexuality, HIV status, age, income, ethnicity, relationship status), (2) antigay stigma (bullying, physical violence, sexual violence, career discrimination, health care discrimination), (3) syndemic conditions (suicidality, intimate partner violence, depression, illicit substance use, binge drinking), (4) sexual behaviors, (5) health care discrimination, and (6) the cumulative count of antigay experiences and syndemic conditions...
March 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414915/characteristics-of-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-the-disclosure-of-sexual-orientation-among-young-french-lgb-adults
#12
Elodie Charbonnier, Florence Dumas, Adam Chesterman, Pierluigi Graziani
BACKGROUND: Lesbians, gays, and bisexual people (LGB) present high levels of suicidal ideation. The disclosure of sexual orientation is a stressful experience which presents a high suicide risk. Research has not paid sufficient attention to stress during this disclosure in order to understand suicide among LGB people. The aims of this study were to investigate: (1) the characteristics of stress during this revelation, more precisely cognitive appraisal, emotions, and coping; and (2) associations between these characteristics and suicidal ideation...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369735/mental-health-staff-perceptions-and-practice-regarding-self-harm-suicidality-and-help-seeking-in-lgbtq-youth-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-the-uk
#13
Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings, Elizabeth McDermott
Young people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer (LGBTQ) experience higher levels of suicidality compared to heterosexual or cisgender peers, and face significant barriers accessing mental health services including prejudice from staff. In a cross-sectional survey, mental health staff who reported receiving LGBT awareness training were significantly more likely to report in relation to working with LGBT youth that they routinely discussed issues of sexuality and gender (χ2 =8.782, df=2, p < 0...
January 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326961/trends-in-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-students-in-a-canadian-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Tracey Peter, Tamara Edkins, Ryan Watson, Jones Adjei, Yuko Homma, Elizabeth Saewyc
Objectives: Despite evidence from numerous studies that document disparities in suicidality for sexual minorities, few have investigated whether or not these trends have improved over time, which is the objective of the current study. Methods: Using school-based population data over a 15-year period (1998 to 2013), multivariate logistic regressions were used to calculate age-adjusted odds ratios separately by gender. Interactions were included to test widening or narrowing disparities within orientation groups, which makes this one of the first studies to test whether gaps in disparities between heterosexual and sexual minorities have widened or narrowed over time...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317582/health-and-life-satisfaction-for-chinese-gay-men-in-guangzhou-china
#15
Yong Yu, Shuiyuan Xiao
To understand Chinese gay men's health and life satisfaction in Guanzhou, and to analyze the main factors for life satisfaction.
 Methods: Male gay participants were recruited through respondent-driven sampling and face-to-face investigations with self-administered questionnaires, including a general demographic questionnaire, a suicide questionnaire, the Depression-Anxiety Stress Scale, the Self-Stigma Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223563/sexual-identity-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicidal-behaviors
#16
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Taylor Lensch, Amberlee Baxa, Christopher Gay, Sandra Larson, Wei Yang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of sexual identity and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on suicidal behaviors in a population-based sample of high school students. METHODS: A two-stage cluster random sampling design was used to recruit 5,108 students from 97 high schools. A total of 4,955 students (97%) provided information that allowed for classification of sexual identity into three groups: (1) lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) (10%); (2) not sure (4...
February 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189033/comparing-treatment-response-between-lgbq-and-heterosexual-individuals-attending-a-cbt-and-dbt-skills-based-partial-hospital
#17
Courtney Beard, Norik Kirakosian, Alexandra L Silverman, Jeffrey P Winer, Lauren P Wadsworth, Thröstur Björgvinsson
OBJECTIVE: Despite a greater need for mental health treatment in individuals identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and other sexual minority identities (LGBQ+), no prior study has examined mental health treatment outcomes for LGBQ+ populations receiving standard care. We compared individuals identifying as LGBQ+ or heterosexual on treatment outcomes following a partial hospital program based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). METHOD: A total of 441 participants (19% LGBQ+; mean age = 34...
December 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166436/factors-associated-with-self-reported-discrimination-against-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-brazil
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Laio Magno, Inês Dourado, Luís Augusto V da Silva, Sandra Brignol, Ana Maria de Brito, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Adele Benzaken, Adriana de A Pinho, Carl Kendall, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
OBJECTIVE: To estimate self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Brazil and to analyze associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 3,859 MSM recruited in 2008-2009 with respondent driven sampling. Data collection conducted in health centers in 10 Brazilian cities. A face-to-face questionnaire was used and rapid HIV and syphilis tests conducted. Aggregated data were weighted and adjusted odds ratio estimated to measure the association between selected factors and self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162345/postacute-care-after-pediatric-hospitalizations-for-a-primary-mental-health-condition
#19
James C Gay, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Stephanie K Doupnik, Matthew Hall, Jonathan Rodean, Margaret O'Neill, Rustin Morse, Kris P Rehm, Jay G Berry, Naomi S Bardach
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of US children hospitalized for a primary mental health condition who are discharged to postacute care (PAC); whether PAC discharge is associated with demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; and whether PAC use varies by state. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationally representative sample of US acute care hospitalizations for children ages 2-20 years with a primary mental health diagnosis, using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Databases...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136170/corrigendum-the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
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