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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821997/evidence-of-multiple-mediating-pathways-in-associations-between-constructs-of-stigma-and-self-reported-suicide-attempts-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-gay-and-bisexual-men
#1
Travis Salway, Dionne Gesink, Selahadin Ibrahim, Olivier Ferlatte, Anne E Rhodes, David J Brennan, Rick Marchand, Terry Trussler
Gay and bisexual men (GBM) are more likely to attempt suicide than heterosexual men. This disparity is commonly interpreted using minority stress theory; however, specific pathways from antigay stigma to suicidal behavior are poorly understood. We aimed to estimate associations between multiple constructs of stigma and suicide attempts among adult GBM, and to measure the proportion of these associations mediated by distinct suicide risk factors, thus identifying proximal points of intervention. Data were drawn from a Canadian community-based survey of adult GBM...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765305/sexual-orientation-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people
#2
EDITORIAL
Nick Meader, Melissa K Y Chan
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) young people have been found to be at greater risk of suicidal behaviour. National prevention strategies have identified the need to reduce suicide risk in this population. However, research on specific risk factors for LGB young people that might inform suicide prevention programmes are at an early stage of development.
August 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759324/non-suicidal-self-injury-sexuality-concerns-and-emotion-regulation-among-sexually-diverse-adolescents-a-multiple-mediation-analysis
#3
Gloria Fraser, Marc Stewart Wilson, Jessica Anne Garisch, Kealagh Robinson, Madeleine Brocklesby, Tahlia Kingi, Angelique O'Connell, Lynne Russell
Objectives Despite increasing interest in the prevalence and correlates of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in adolescent populations, relatively few studies have examined NSSI among lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) adolescents. The current study explored sexuality concerns and elevated emotion dysregulation as potential mechanisms underlying the relationship between sexual orientation elevated non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Methods A community sample of 1799 adolescents completed a questionnaire assessing NSSI, sexual orientation, sexuality concerns, and emotion regulation...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749833/clinical-barriers-to-effective-treatment-of-eating-disorders-and-co-occurring-psychiatric-disorders-in-transgendered-individuals
#4
Rebecca Wagner, Jonathan R Stevens
Eating disorders (EDs) are complex and difficult to treat illnesses that are often chronic and disabling on their own accord or due to comorbidity with other psychiatric conditions. Historically, EDs have been viewed as illnesses of heterosexual, affluent white females. This stereotype increases the likelihood that these disorders will be underrecognized in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community, as well as in different gender, socioeconomic, and ethnic populations. Our case report illustrates the clinical difficulties of managing a patient who presented to inpatient treatment with complaints of depression and suicidality, but who also had an active ED and was transgender...
July 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690228/-socio-psychological-factors-relevant-to-suicidal-ideation-among-patients-with-aids-in-changsha
#5
Huiying Wang, Min Wang, Furong Jiang, Zhisheng Liu, Honghong Wang, Jianling Li
To explore the rates of suicide ideation and the relevant factors among patients with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Changsha for obtaining scientific evidence to reduce suicidal ideation rates among PLWHA.
 Methods: A total of 504 PLWHA were surveyed in an AIDS hospital in Changsha, by using Self-Made Socio-Demographic Scale, Self-rating Depression Scale, Self-rating Anxiety Scale, and Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation-Chinese Version.
 Results: There were 13.9%, 26.6% and 27.2% of PLWHA suffered suicidal ideation in the last week, at the most depressive moments and all their lives, respectively...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672037/high-acceptability-of-rapid-hiv-self-testing-among-a-diverse-sample-of-msm-from-buenos-aires-argentina
#6
Maria A Pando, Curtis Dolezal, Rubén O Marone, Victoria Barreda, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Maria M Avila, Ivan C Balán
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to explore the acceptability of rapid HIV self-testing (RHST) among men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: During 2006-2009, a sample of 500 MSM was recruited through Respondent Driven Sampling for an HIV prevalence/incidence study. Attitude toward RHST was explored among HIV negative MSM. Data were weighted prior to analyses. RESULTS: Participants reported they were likely to buy RHST (74%), test themselves more frequently than they currently do (77%), and that the procedure would simplify testing (70%)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662270/the-case-of-abel-religion-as-boon-and-bane-for-a-catholic-gay-man
#7
Armand R Cerbone, Graham Danzer
Conservative religions that condemn homosexual sexual orientation and acts as unnatural and sinful pose significant challenges for gay persons whose faith is a core part of their identity. The condemnation presents a serious barrier to the acceptance and integration of their sexuality, a primary task of psychosexual development. As a result, they can manifest depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and even suicide attempts. The ecclesiastical censure also imposes an untenable dilemma for homosexuals in that they feel pressed to reject their sexual identity or renounce their spiritual identity and heritage...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641479/norms-and-normalisation-understanding-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-youth-suicidality-and-help-seeking
#8
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Young people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer transgender have elevated rates of suicidality. Despite the increased risk, there is a paucity of research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer help-seeking and suicidality. We report on a UK sequential exploratory, two-stage, mixed-method study. Stage 1 involved 29 online and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth aged 16-25 years old. Stage 2 utilised an online youth questionnaire employing a community-based sampling strategy (n = 789)...
June 23, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636234/association-of-recent-gay-related-stressful-events-and-emotional-distress-with-suicidal-behaviors-over-12%C3%A2-months-in-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Liya Yu, Yanxia Li, Li Liu, Shuang Li, Jun Na, Xiaoxia An, Yan Zhou, Yuan Gu, Xuejuan Bi, Huijuan Mu, Rui Zhang, Wen Dong, Guowei Pan
INTRODUCTION: The study was designed to assess the association of gay-related stressful events (GRSEs) and emotional distress with suicidal behaviors over a 12-month period in Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A total of 807 MSM were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method from 4 cities in northeastern China. The GRSEs were measured using the Gay-related Stressful Life Events Scale, depression using the Self-rating Depression Scale, and anxiety using the Self-rating Anxiety Scale...
June 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593529/bisexual-specific-minority-stressors-psychological-distress-and-suicidality-in-bisexual-individuals-the-mediating-role-of-loneliness
#11
Ethan H Mereish, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Julie Woulfe
Bisexual individuals are at higher risk for poor mental health outcomes compared to heterosexual as well as lesbian and gay individuals and experience minority stressors, such as discrimination, from both heterosexual and sexual minority communities. However, there is little research examining the negative effects of bisexual-specific minority stressors on bisexual individuals' mental health as well as psychological factors that might help explain minority stressors' deleterious effects. This research examined the effects of distal minority stressors (i...
August 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506219/sexual-orientation-differences-in-treatment-expectation-alliance-and-outcome-among-patients-at-risk-for-suicide-in-a-public-psychiatric-hospital
#12
Martin Plöderl, Sabine Kunrath, Robert J Cramer, Jen Wang, Larissa Hauer, Clemens Fartacek
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority (SM) individuals (gay, lesbian, bisexual, or otherwise nonheterosexual) are at increased risk for mental disorders and suicide and adequate mental healthcare may be life-saving. However, SM patients experience barriers in mental healthcare that have been attributed to the lack of SM-specific competencies and heterosexist attitudes and behaviors on the part of mental health professionals. Such barriers could have a negative impact on common treatment factors such as treatment expectancy or therapeutic alliance, culminating in poorer treatment outcomes for SM versus heterosexual patients...
May 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500922/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicide-attempts-among-those-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders
#13
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Steven P Segal
Using the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions data, we examined the associations of ten types of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with (1) lifetime suicide attempts and (2) number and age of attempts among U.S. adults aged 18+. In a case-control design, suicide attempters (5.14% of the full sample) were matched with never attempters (matched sample N=3912) on nine mental and substance use disorders. ACE rates were higher among attempters (3.30 [SE=0.07]) than their matched controls (2...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466230/depression-and-associated-factors-among-gay-and-heterosexual-male-university-students-in-nigeria
#14
Olakunle A Oginni, Kolawole S Mosaku, Boladale M Mapayi, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Temitope O Afolabi
Homosexuality is a recognized risk factor for depression in high-income countries; however, there is little research investigating the relationship between depression and sexual orientation in developing countries, especially in Africa. In this first study to investigate psychopathology in sexual minority men in Nigeria, the prevalence rates of depression in Nigerian gay and heterosexual individuals were compared as well as the explanatory power of risk and resilience factors in both groups. Eighty-one gay and 81 heterosexual male university students were, respectively, recruited from the Obafemi Awolowo University...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436758/amphetamine-type-stimulants-ats-use-and-homosexuality-related-enacted-stigma-are-associated-with-depression-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-two-major-cities-in-vietnam-in-2014
#15
Nga Thi Thu Vu, Martin Holt, Huong Thi Thu Phan, Lan Thi La, Gioi Minh Tran, Tung Thanh Doan, Trang Nguyen Nhu Nguyen, John de Wit
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by mental health concerns, including depression. Amphetamine-type-stimulants (ATS) use and homosexuality-related stigma and discrimination have been found associated with depression among MSM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of depression and its associations with ATS use and homosexuality-related stigma and discrimination among MSM in Vietnam. METHODS: 622 MSM were conveniently recruited in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam, from September to December 2014...
April 24, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372467/the-2015-national-canadian-homeless-youth-survey-mental-health-and-addiction-findings
#16
Sean A Kidd, Stephen Gaetz, Bill O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to provide a representative description of the mental health of youth accessing homelessness services in Canada. It is the most extensive survey in this area to date and is intended to inform the development of mental health and addiction service and policy for this marginalized population. METHODS: This study reports mental health-related data from the 2015 "Leaving Home" national youth homelessness survey, which was administered through 57 agencies serving homeless youth in 42 communities across the country...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320345/effect-of-telephone-follow-up-on-repeated-suicide-attempt-in-patients-discharged-from-an-emergency-psychiatry-department-a-controlled-study
#17
Sophie Exbrayat, Clotilde Coudrot, Xavier Gourdon, Aurélia Gay, Jessica Sevos, Jacques Pellet, Béatrice Trombert-Paviot, Catherine Massoubre
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is a major public health problem, and the efficacies of current postvention protocols vary. We evaluated the effectiveness of telephone follow-up of patients referred to an emergency psychiatric unit for attempted suicide on any further attempt/s over the following year. METHOD: In a single-center, controlled study with intent to treat, we evaluated the efficacy of a protocol of telephone follow-up of 436 patients at 8, 30, and 60 days after they were treated for attempted suicide...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314457/transitional-age-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-questioning-youth-issues-of-diversity-integrated-identities-and-mental-health
#18
REVIEW
Scott M Rodgers
Although most LGBTQ youth become healthy young adults, they often face considerable stress over the course of their lives because of bullying, victimization, and overt/covert discrimination. Families, educational and religious institutions, health care professionals, and communities help shape the experience of LGBTQ transitional age youth. LGBTQ youth have higher rates of depression, suicide, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol and drug use, and preventable sexually transmitted diseases. When best practice guidelines are followed and key stakeholders take action to support LGBTQ youth, health disparities begin to disappear...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278571/stigma-and-suicide-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#19
Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway, John L Oliffe, Terry Trussler
HIV positive gay and bisexual men (GBM) continue to struggle with the pervasiveness of HIV stigma, but little is known about the health effects of stigma. In this article, suicidal ideation and attempts are measured among GBM living with HIV, evaluating the extent to which these experiences are associated with stigma and suicide. Drawing from an online national survey of Canadian GBM completed by 7995 respondents, a sub-set of data provided by respondents self-reporting HIV-positive status was used for the current study...
February 10, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276601/accounting-for-diversity-in-suicide-research-sampling-and-sample-reporting-practices-in-the-united-states
#20
Christine B Cha, Katherine M Tezanos, Olivia M Peros, Mei Yi Ng, Jessica D Ribeiro, Matthew K Nock, Joseph C Franklin
Research on suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) has identified many risk factors, but whether these findings generalize to diverse populations remains unclear. We review longitudinal studies on STB risk factors over the past 50 years in the United States and evaluate the methodological practices of sampling and reporting sample characteristics. We found that articles frequently reported participant age and sex, less frequently reported participant race and ethnicity, and rarely reported participant veteran status or lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender status...
March 9, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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