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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884498/early-sexual-debut-and-associated-risk-behaviors-among-sexual-minority-youth
#1
Richard Lowry, Richard Dunville, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
INTRODUCTION: Early sexual debut, sexual risk taking, substance use, violent victimization, and suicidal behaviors are more prevalent among sexual minority than sexual nonminority youth. Although associations between early sexual debut and these risk behaviors exist, little is known about such associations among sexual minority youth. This study examined these associations among sexual minority U.S. high school students and their sexual nonminority peers. METHODS: In 2015, the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey included questions assessing sexual orientation for the first time...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831853/persecution-experiences-and-mental-health-of-lgbt-asylum-seekers
#2
Rebecca A Hopkinson, Eva Keatley, Elizabeth Glaeser, Laura Erickson-Schroth, Omar Fattal, Melba Nicholson Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Asylum seekers are a unique population, particularly those who have endured persecution for their sexual orientation or gender identity. Little data exist about the specific experiences and needs of asylum seekers persecuted due to lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) identity. METHODS: Quantitative data were gathered regarding demographics, persecution histories, and mental health of 61 clients from a torture survivors program in New York City who reported persecution due to LGBT identity...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812485/how-do-sexual-identity-and-coming-out-affect-stress-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-south-korea
#3
Byonghee Cho, Aeree Sohn
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the status of sexual identity, perceived stigma, stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts. It also examined how sexual identity and "coming out" affect stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts. METHODS: Suicidal ideation, psychological health status, and health-related behaviors were assessed using the Internet to maximize the confidentiality of the participants, men who have sex with men (MSM). The data were collected from a total of 873 MSM aged between 19 years and 59 years in 2014...
October 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810723/predictors-of-suicidal-ideation-among-active-duty-military-personnel-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Carmen P McLean, Yinyin Zang, Laurie Zandberg, Craig J Bryan, Natalie Gay, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Given the alarming rate of military suicides, it is critical to identify the factors that increase risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among active duty military personnel. METHODS: This study examined a predictive model of suicidal ideation among 366 treatment-seeking active duty military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following deployments to or near Iraq or Afghanistan. Structural equation modeling was employed to examine the relative contribution of combat exposure, social support, PTSD severity, depressive symptoms, guilt, and trauma-related cognitions on suicidal ideation...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770819/implementing-school-nursing-strategies-to-reduce-lgbtq-adolescent-suicide-a-randomized-cluster-trial-study-protocol
#5
Cathleen E Willging, Amy E Green, Mary M Ramos
BACKGROUND: Reducing youth suicide in the United States (U.S.) is a national public health priority, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth are at elevated risk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) endorses six evidence-based (EB) strategies that center on meeting the needs of LGBTQ youth in schools; however, fewer than 6 % of U.S. schools implement all of them. The proposed intervention model, "RLAS" (Implementing School Nursing Strategies to Reduce LGBTQ Adolescent Suicide), builds on the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, and Sustainment (EPIS) conceptual framework and the Dynamic Adaptation Process (DAP) to implement EB strategies in U...
October 22, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769835/older-age-associated-with-mental-health-resiliency-in-sexual-minority-us-veterans
#6
Joan K Monin, Natalie Mota, Becca Levy, John Pachankis, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to: (a) identify the mental health needs of older and younger sexual minority and heterosexual U.S. veterans and (b) examine whether sexual minority status confers vulnerability or resiliency in older adulthood. Support and trauma exposure were examined as potential mechanisms for age by sexual orientation differences. METHODS: Participants were a nationally representative sample of 3,095 U.S. veterans (ages 21 to 96 years). Measures included demographics, military characteristics, sexual orientation (lesbian, gay, or bisexual; LGB), social support, trauma, and mental health indicators (lifetime and present depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); lifetime anxiety and suicidal ideation)...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645155/suicidality-and-associated-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-estonia
#7
Kristi Rüütel, Anti Valk, Liilia Lõhmus
Many studies over the last decade provide strong evidence of elevated rates of suicidality among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations compared to heterosexual populations. The aim of the current study was to investigate suicidal ideation and attempts and related factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia. We conducted a nationwide Internet-based study among MSM with 265 eligible participants. Our results reveal high rates of self-reported suicidal ideation (lifetime prevalence 45%) and attempts (lifetime prevalence 11%) as well as a high rate of problem drinking (33%) and depressive symptoms (32%) among MSM...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598866/associations-of-outside-and-within-school-adult-support-on-suicidality-moderating-effects-of-sexual-orientation
#8
Robert W S Coulter, Shari Kessel Schneider, Blair Beadnell, Lydia O'Donnell
This study examined sexual-orientation differences in reports of outside- and within-school adult support, and whether sexual orientation moderates the associations between adult support and suicidality (i.e., thoughts, plans, and attempts). At 26 high schools across MetroWest Boston, 22,834 students completed surveys assessing: sexual orientation (heterosexual, gay/lesbian, bisexual, or questioning); presence of outside- and within-school adult support; and past-year suicidality. Multivariable regression analyses with General Estimating Equations (adjusting for gender, grade, and race/ethnicity) examined sexual-orientation subgroup differences in adult support, and how sexual orientation and adult support were associated with suicidality...
September 5, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598491/-suicide-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-trans-populations-systematic-review-of-a-decade-of-research-2004-2014
#9
Alemka Tomicic, Constanza Gálvez, Constanza Quiroz, Claudio Martínez, Jaime Fontbona, Juliana Rodríguez, Francisco Aguayo, Catalina Rosenbaum, Fanny Leyton, Iside Lagazzi
UNLABELLED: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) populations have a high prevalence of suicide behaviors. AIM: To review the literature on suicide among LGBT populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature published between 2004 and 2014 on suicidality among LGBT people was conducted. Forty-five articles were selected for a thematic analysis. RESULTS: The research on suicide among LGBT people has increased during the last decade...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571741/pathways-to-suicide-in-lesbian-and-gay-populations-in-australia-a-life-chart-analysis
#10
Delaney M Skerrett, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
Given the continued paucity of research into suicide in lesbian and gay (LG) people, there is a need to investigate the characteristics of those LG suicides that are able to be identified. The aim of this article was to analyze pathways to suicide in lesbian and gay individuals by way of life charts. Data were gathered through of 24 psychological autopsy interviews with next-of-kin of an LG person who had died by suicide. The female (n = 5) and male (n = 19) cases in this study clustered into younger and older suicides...
August 29, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544457/the-mental-health-of-transgender-youth-advances-in-understanding
#11
Maureen D Connolly, Marcus J Zervos, Charles J Barone, Christine C Johnson, Christine L M Joseph
This review provides an update on the growing body of research related to the mental health of transgender youth that has emerged since the 2011 publication of the Institute of Medicine report on the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. The databases PubMed and Ovid Medline were searched for studies that were published from January 2011 to March 2016 in English. The following search terms were used: transgender, gender nonconforming, gender minority, gender queer, and gender dysphoria. Age limits included the terms youth, child, children, teenager*, and adolescen*...
November 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484047/victimization-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-people-in-childhood-associations-with-attempted-suicide
#12
Anna B Flynn, Renee M Johnson, Shay-Lee Bolton, Ramin Mojtabai
Higher rates of attempted suicide have been documented among people who identify themselves as gay, lesbian, and bisexual (LGB) compared with heterosexuals. This study sought to ascertain the association between childhood abuse and neglect and attempted suicide, comparing LGBs and heterosexuals. Childhood sexual abuse among men and childhood sexual and physical abuse among women were found to mediate the association between LGB identity and attempted suicide. The experience of childhood abuse likely plays a significant role in the relationship between LGB identity and attempted suicide, but other factors such as experience of discrimination are also important...
August 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302541/bullying-victimization-and-emotional-distress-is-there-strength-in-numbers-for-vulnerable-youth
#13
Marla E Eisenberg, Barbara J McMorris, Amy L Gower, Debanjana Chatterjee
OBJECTIVE: The present study examines whether the prevalence of vulnerable peers in school protects the emotional health of youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or questioning (LGBQ), overweight, or have a disability, and if the adverse emotional effects of bullying victimization are mitigated by the presence of these peers. METHODS: Survey data come from a large school-based sample of adolescents attending 505 schools. The primary independent variable was the percent of students in school with each vulnerability characteristic...
July 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272643/nonsuicidal-self-injury-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-populations-an-integrative-review
#14
Kate Jackman, Judy Honig, Walter Bockting
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct an integrative review of nonsuicidal self-injury among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations to better understand the prevalence; to identify the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender subgroups at increased risk for nonsuicidal self-injury; and to examine the risk factors associated with nonsuicidal self-injury among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations. BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury, defined as intentional injury to the body's surface without intent to die, is a significant mental health concern among adolescents and adults...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268386/predictors-of-sexual-minority-youth-s-reported-suicide-attempts-and-mental-health
#15
Jae A Puckett, Sharon G Horne, Francisco Surace, Alice Carter, Nicole Noffsinger-Frazier, Julie Shulman, Pam Detrie, Audrey Ervin, Chad Mosher
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth (LGBY) report higher rates of mental health concerns compared to heterosexual youth due to minority stressors. This study examined the interpersonal and intrapersonal variables that predict psychological distress and self-reported suicide attempts in a sample of 61 LGBY in the Mid-South, which is a highly overlooked regional area for LGBY research. Youth who lost friends when coming out were 29 times more likely to report suicide attempts and those who experienced psychological maltreatment from caregivers were 9...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208999/-factors-associated-with-suicide-attempts-by-sexual-minorities-results-from-the-2011-gay-and-lesbian-survey
#16
L-M Paget, C Chan Chee, C Sauvage, L Saboni, N Beltzer, A Velter
BACKGROUND: Since the 1990s, several studies have found higher rates of suicide attempts in homosexuals and bisexuals than in heterosexuals. The current challenge is to identify risk factors for targeting prevention. The aim of this paper was to determine, for the first time in France, the prevalence of suicide attempts over a 12-month period and associated factors in a population of men and women who self-identified as homosexuals or bisexuals. METHODS: A convenience sample cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire made available in the gay press, and Internet sites targeting the gay or lesbian community...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203172/-use-of-psychostimulants-in-a-sexual-context-analysis-of-cases-reported-to-the-french-network-of-addictovigilance-centers
#17
Anne Batisse, Hélène Peyrière, Céline Eiden, Marie-Anne Courné, Samira Djezzar
The "SLAM" phenomenon is an increasingly popular practice, in Paris and London gay scene, defined by 3 characteristics: injection, sexual party and psychostimulant drugs. The French Medical Agency requested a risk assessment of "SLAM" and more broadly of the use of psychostimulants in a sexual context, by the analysis of complications related to this practice notified to the French Network of Addictovigilance Centers. All cases of complications related to "SLAM" practice, including cases of abuse or dependence, and somatic and psychiatric complications, were analysed...
April 26, 2016: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136294/perceived-parental-monitoring-and-sexual-orientation-moderate-lifetime-acts-of-non-suicidal-self-injury
#18
Erik M Benau, Abigail L Jenkins, Bradley T Conner
Being non-heterosexual, particularly bisexual, is associated with high rates of engagement in NSSI amongst young adults. The goal of the present study was to determine if parenting practices, specifically parental monitoring, and sexual orientation moderate engagement with NSSI. Undergraduates (N = 1353) completed a survey on sexual orientation, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) acts, and multiple aspects of perceived parental monitoring during high school. Moderation analyses revealed that most facets of parental monitoring were similarly negatively correlated with NSSI for both individuals whose sexual orientation where nearly, or entirely, gay and heterosexual youth...
May 2, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118380/mental-health-inequalities-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-england-scotland-and-wales-a-large-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Ford Hickson, Calum Davey, David Reid, Peter Weatherburn, Adam Bourne
BACKGROUND: Sexual minorities suffer worse mental health than the sexual majority but little is known about differences in mental health within sexual minorities. We aimed to describe inequality in mental health indicators among gay and bisexual men. METHODS: Using multi-channel community-based opportunistic sampling we recruited 5799 eligible men aged 16 years and over, living in England, Scotland and Wales and who were sexually attracted to other men, to a self-completion Internet health survey...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066890/making-the-invisible-visible-a-systematic-review-of-sexual-minority-women-s-health-in-southern-africa
#20
Alexandra Muller, Tonda L Hughes
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades research on sexual and gender minority (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender; LGBT) health has highlighted substantial health disparities based on sexual orientation and gender identity in many parts of the world. We systematically reviewed the literature on sexual minority women's (SMW) health in Southern Africa, with the objective of identifying existing evidence and pointing out knowledge gaps around the health of this vulnerable group in this region...
2016: BMC Public Health
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