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Donogh Maguire, Dinesh Talwar, Paul G Shiels, Donald McMillan
The WHO 2016 report indicates that worldwide obesity is rising, with over 600 million people in the obese range (BMI>30). The recommended daily calorie intake for adults is 2000 kcal and 2500 kcal for women and men respectively. The average American consumes 3770 kcal/day and the average person in the UK consumes 3400 kcal/day. With such increased caloric intake, there is an increased load on metabolic pathways, in particular glucose metabolism. Such metabolism requires micronutrients as enzyme co-factors...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Anna Winiarska-Mieczan, Edyta Kowalczuk-Vasilev, Katarzyna Kwiatkowska, Małgorzata Kwiecień, Ewa Baranowska-Wójcik, Bożena Kiczorowska, Renata Klebaniuk, Wioletta Samolińska
This paper aims to verify whether cereal products are a good source of Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn in the diets of Poles. The study material comprised of 445 cereal products including baked goods, breakfast cereals and groats, pasta, and rice. Products that required culinary treatment (pasta, groats, rice) were boiled in drinking quality water as recommended by the producer. The content of Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn was determined by using the FAAS method. The average content of microelements in the analyzed products can be represented as Fe (17...
May 18, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Mohammad Abu-Laban, Raju R Kumal, Jonathan Casey, Jeff Becca, Daniel LaMaster, Carlos N Pacheco, Dan G Sykes, Lasse Jensen, Louis H Haber, Daniel J Hayes
The present study explores alternate pericyclic chemistries for tethering amine-terminal biomolecules onto silver nanoparticles. Employing the versatile tool of the retro-Diels-Alder (rDA) reaction, three thermally-labile cycloadducts are constructed that cleave at variable temperature ranges. While the reaction between furan and maleimide has widely been reported, the current study also evaluates the reverse reaction kinetics between thiophene-maleimide, and pyrrole-maleimide cycloadducts. Density Functional Theorem (DFT) calculations used to model and plan the experiments, predict energy barriers for the thiophene-maleimide reverse reaction to be greatest, and the pyrrole-maleimide barriers the lowest...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
(no author information available yet)
The below articles published online on Wiley Online Library ( have been retracted by agreement between the submitting author, Mohammad Sadegh Aramli, the Editor-in-Chief, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez, and Blackwell Verlag GmbH. After a thorough investigation, there is strong evidence to indicate that the peer review of these papers was compromised. The identities of the reviewers were unable to be verified, and it is believed that these papers were accepted based on recommendations from reviewers not suitably qualified...
June 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
(no author information available yet)
The below article, published online on Wiley Online Library ( on 21st January 2017, has been retracted by agreement between the submitting author, Amin Golpour, the Editor-in-Chief, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez, and Blackwell Verlag GmbH. After a thorough investigation by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and the Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, there is strong evidence to indicate that the peer review of this paper was compromised...
June 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
R Rizzoli, E Biver, J-P Bonjour, V Coxam, D Goltzman, J A Kanis, J Lappe, L Rejnmark, S Sahni, C Weaver, H Weiler, J-Y Reginster
A summary of systematic reviews and meta-analyses addressing the benefits and risks of dietary protein intakes for bone health in adults suggests that dietary protein levels even above the current RDA may be beneficial in reducing bone loss and hip fracture risk, provided calcium intakes are adequate. Several systematic reviews and meta-analyses have addressed the benefits and risks of dietary protein intakes for bone health in adults. This narrative review of the literature summarizes and synthesizes recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses and highlights key messages...
May 8, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Lei Cui, Xinxin Lu, Yuelei Dong, Jingyi Cen, Rongbo Cao, Lin Pan, Songhui Lu, Linjian Ou
The picoplanktonic pelagophyte Aureococcus anophagefferens could trigger harmful algal blooms (HABs) to discolor water in brown, known as brown tide. Since 2009, large-scale brown tides, caused by A. anophagefferens, had been occurred in early summer for three consecutive years in the coastal waters of Qinhuangdao, China and resulted considerable deleterious effects on the scallop mariculture industry. The causes for the occurrence of brown tides were not fully understood. Therefore, we conducted a one-year survey from June 2013 to May 2014 to study the seasonal succession of the phytoplankton community, including A...
May 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Muting Yan, Chen Xu, Yumei Huang, Huayue Nie, Jun Wang
The Three Gorges Project significantly impacted water quality and ecological balance in this area. The special engineered aquatic environment could be an important reservoir for antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Fifteen ARGs corresponding to three groups of antibiotics (tetracyclines, sulfonamides and quinolones) were determined in surface water, soil and sediment in this study. Total concentrations of antibiotics ranged from 21.55 to 536.86ng/L, 3.69 to 438.76ng/g, 15.78 to 213.84ng/g in water, soil and sediment, respectively...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Mei Ling Tang, Liang Wei, Zhen Ke Zhu, Huan Li, Ping Zhou, Ti da Ge, Jin Shui Wu, Guang Jun Wang
To understand the coupled controlling of carbon (C) and phosphorus (P) on the minera-lization of soil organic carbon and amended substrates in paddy soil, we investigated the effects of P addition on the decomposition of organic carbon and its induced priming effect by using 13 C isotope probing technique in microcosm. The results showed that P addition accelerated the release of CO2 but inhibited the release of CH4 , leading to 53.1% reduction of total accumulated CH4 and 70.5% reduction of the 13 CH4 derived from exotic glucose-13 C...
March 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Sarah E Schmitt
The relationship between generalized and lateralized rhythmic delta activity (RDA) and seizures is more ambiguous than the relationship between periodic discharges and seizures. Although frontally predominant generalized RDA is not associated with seizures, occipitally predominant RDA may be associated with the absence of seizures. Lateralized RDA seems to be more strongly associated with the presence of seizure activity. Appropriate recognition of generalized RDA and lateralized rhythmic delta activity may be confounded by benign etiologies of RDA, such as phi rhythm, slow alpha variant, subclinical rhythmic electrographic discharges of adults, or hyperventilation-induced high-amplitude rhythmic slowing...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
John Awad, Claire A Fisk, Jim W Cox, Sharolyn J Anderson, John van Leeuwen
Catchment properties influence the character and concentration of dissolved organic matter (DOM). Surface and subsurface runoff from discrete catchments were collected and DOM was measured and assessed in terms of its treatability by Enhanced Coagulation and potential for disinfection by-product (trihalomethane, THMFP) formation potential. Models were developed of [1] DOM character [i.e. SUVA and SpCoL] and concentration (measured as dissolved organic carbon), [2] treatability of DOM by coagulation/flocculation processes and [3] specific THMFP based on the catchment features including: (a) surface and sub-surface soil texture (% clay: 5-25%), (b) topography (% slope: 5-15%) and (c) vegetation cover [i...
April 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Mateusz Rawlik, Marek Kasprowicz, Andrzej M Jagodziński, Cezary Kaźmierowski, Remigiusz Łukowiak, Witold Grzebisz
According facilitative models of succession, trees are great forest ecosystem engineers. The strength of tree stand influences on habitat were tested in rather homogenous conditions where heterogeneity of site condition was not an important influence. We hypothesized that canopy composition affects total aboveground vascular herb layer biomass (THB) and species composition of herb layer plant biomass (SCHB) more significantly than primary soil fertility or slope exposure. The study was conducted in 227 randomly selected research plots in seven types of forest stands: pure with Alnus glutinosa, Betula pendula, Pinus sylvestris, Quercus petraea and Robinia pseudoacacia, and mixed with dominance of Acer pseudoplatanus or Betula pendula located on hilltop and northern, eastern, western, and southern slopes on a reclaimed, afforested post-mining spoil heap of the Bełchatów Brown Coal Mine (Poland)...
April 22, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Thaveshan Gounden, Roshila Moodley, Sreekantha B Jonnalagadda
Trifolium species, commonly known as clover species, have a cosmopolitan distribution and, as such, are used in many different traditional systems of medicine and consumed by many communities all over the world. In this study, the elemental distribution and nutritional value of five edible Trifolium species, namely, Trifolium africanum, Trifolium burchellianum, Trifolium repens, Trifolium dubium and Trifolium pratense were investigated to evaluate the potential of these plant species to alleviate malnutrition, thereby contributing toward the fight against food insecurity...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Shuang Xu, Junqin Yao, Meihaguli Ainiwaer, Ying Hong, Yanjiang Zhang
Activated sludge bulking is easily caused in winter, resulting in adverse effects on effluent treatment and management of wastewater treatment plants. In this study, activated sludge samples were collected from different wastewater treatment plants in the northern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China in winter. The bacterial community compositions and diversities of activated sludge were analyzed to identify the bacteria that cause bulking of activated sludge. The sequencing generated 30087-55170 effective reads representing 36 phyla, 293 families, and 579 genera in all samples...
2018: BioMed Research International
Kevin D Cashman
Estimates of dietary requirements for vitamin D or Dietary Reference Values (DRV) are crucial from a public health perspective in providing a framework for prevention of vitamin D deficiency and optimizing vitamin D status of individuals. While these important public health policy instruments were developed with the evidence-base and data available at the time, there are some issues that need to be clarified or considered in future iterations of DRV for vitamin D. This is important as it will allow for more fine-tuned and truer estimates of the dietary requirements for vitamin D and thus provide for more population protection...
April 25, 2018: Nutrients
Tian Xin Zhao, Xin Wei Mao, Min Cheng, Jun Hui Chen, Hua Qin, Yong Chun Li, Chen Fei Liang, Qiu Fang Xu
This study examined how soil bacterial and fungal communities responded to the cultivation history of Moso bamboo in Anji and Changxing counties, Huzhou, Zhejiang, China. Soil samples (0-20 and 20-40 cm) were taken from bamboo plantations subjected to different cultivation histories and analyzed the community structures of soil bacterial and fungal by PCR-DGGE methods. It was found that soil bacterial and fungal communities varied greatly with the development of bamboo plantations which converted from Masson pine forest or formed via invading adjacent broadleaf shrub forest...
November 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Avinash Gowda, Vivek Sharma, Ankit Goyal, A K Singh, Sumit Arora
Microencapsulated flaxseed oil powder (MFOP) was supplemented for the fortification of α-linolenic acid (ALA, ω-3 fatty acid) in ice cream. Processing parameters were optimized in terms of the stage of homogenization of ice-cream mix, level of fortification (3, 4 and 5%) and flavors (vanilla, butter scotch and strawberry). Data revealed that free fatty acids increased significantly during first 15 days in all the samples and then remained constant. Peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid value first increased up to 30 and 45 days, respectively; and then decreased followed by a gradual increase up to 120 days...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Akihito Takeda, Masashige Shuto, Kengo Funakoshi
Perineuronal nets (PNNs) surrounding neuronal cell bodies regulate neuronal plasticity during development, but their roles in regeneration are unclear. In the PNNs, chondroitin sulfate (CS) is assumed to be involved in inhibiting contact formation. Here, we examined CS expression in PNNs in the ventral horn of a goldfish hemisected spinal cord in which descending axons regenerate beyond the lesion to connect with distal spinal neurons. In intact fish, chondroitin sulfate A (CS-A)-positive PNNs accounted for 5...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Hong Pan, Haiyang Liu, Yaowei Liu, Qichun Zhang, Yu Luo, Xingmei Liu, Yimeng Liu, Jianming Xu, Hongjie Di, Yong Li
Nitrifying microbes are of critical importance in regulating efficient nitrogen (N) cycling, which plays a crucial role in plant productivity and maintaining soil sustainability. Long-term different intensities of grazing can strongly influence the microbial communities, while our understanding of the complex nitrifying community in the grazed grassland soil environment is still limited. To investigate whether and how long-term grazing with different intensities influence soil nitrifying communities, high-throughput sequencing and quantitative PCR analyses were performed on soil samples from permanent grassland soils under four grazing intensities: 0 (G0), 1...
April 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Lihua Zhang, Jiachao Zhang, Guangming Zeng, Haoran Dong, Yaoning Chen, Chao Huang, Yuan Zhu, Rui Xu, Yujun Cheng, Kunjie Hou, Weicheng Cao, Wei Fang
This study evaluated the contributions of environmental variables to the variations in bacterial 16S rDNA, nitrifying and denitrifying genes abundances during composting in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone coated silver nanoparticles (PVP-AgNPs). Manual forward selection in redundancy analysis (RDA) indicated that the variation in 16S rDNA was significantly explained by NO3 - -N, while nitrifying genes were significantly related with pH, and denitrifying genes were driven by NO3 - -N and TN. Partial RDA further revealed that NO3 - -N solely explained 28...
March 29, 2018: Bioresource Technology
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