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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103960/knowing-your-genes-does-this-impact-behaviour-change
#1
Clare B O'Donovan, Marianne C Walsh, Michael J Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Eileen R Gibney
It is postulated that knowledge of genotype may be more powerful than other types of personalised information in terms of motivating behaviour change. However, there is also a danger that disclosure of genetic risk may promote a fatalistic attitude and demotivate individuals. The original concept of personalised nutrition (PN) focused on genotype-based tailored dietary advice; however, PN can also be delivered based on assessment of dietary intake and phenotypic measures. Whilst dietitians currently provide PN advice based on diet and phenotype, genotype-based PN advice is not so readily available...
January 20, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090351/the-prevalence-and-practice-impact-of-weight-bias-amongst-australian-dietitians
#2
T M Diversi, R Hughes, K J Burke
OBJECTIVES: This study explored weight bias amongst Australian Accredited Practising Dietitians (APDs) and the effect of client weight status on dietetic practice. METHODS: Participants were 201 APDs, recruited using purposive sampling. A self-administered questionnaire, the fat phobia scale (FPS), was completed to assess explicit weight bias. Participants were then randomized to receive either a female within the healthy weight range or female with obesity, accompanied by an identical case study for a condition unrelated to weight...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078643/anthropometric-assessment-for-bariatric-procedures-in-the-private-practice-of-a-registered-dietitian-in-colombia
#3
Claudia Carvajal, Patricia Savino, Andrea Ramirez, Martha Grajales, Ricardo Nassar, Natan Zundel
BACKGROUND: Obesity and its consequences have now reached worldwide pandemic proportions. Among treatments, bariatric interventions are the most effective for weight reduction. Here, we describe the change in anthropometric measurements (AMs) of 615 adult bariatric procedure patients seen in the private practice of a registered dietitian (RD) in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: Observational retrospective study of AMs recorded between 1996 and 2013 for patients who had laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG, n = 290), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB, n = 207), and laparoscopic Roux-EN-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB, n = 36) or the non-surgical gastric balloon (GB, n = 82) procedure...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076479/dietary-management-for-dyslipidemia-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#4
Andressa S Pinto, Marcio F Chedid, Léa T Guerra, Daiane D Cabeleira, Cleber D P Kruel
Background: Dyslipidemia occurs in approximately 70% of all liver transplant (LT) recipients, and no prior control studies have demonstrated any dietary intervention to change it. Aim: To analyze the effects of a dietary intervention on the lipid profile of dyslipidemic LT recipients. Methods: All LT recipients with dyslipidemia on clinical follow-up were enrolled. Anthropometric evaluation, food history, body composition (bioimpedance) and assessment of basal metabolism through indirect calorimetry were performed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069099/can-latino-food-trucks-loncheras-serve-healthy-meals-a-feasibility-study
#5
Deborah A Cohen, Ben Colaiaco, Mary Martinez-Wenzl, Monica Montes, Bing Han, Sandy H Berry
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study to assess the feasibility of modifying food truck meals to meet the My Plate guidelines as well as the acceptability of healthier meals among consumers. DESIGN: We recruited the owners of Latino food trucks (loncheras) in 2013-2014 and offered an incentive for participation, assistance with marketing and training by a bilingual dietitian. We surveyed customers and we audited purchases to estimate sales of the modified meals. SETTING: City of Los Angeles, CA, USA...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065482/efficacy-of-nutritional-recommendations-given-by-registered-dietitians-compared-to-other-healthcare-providers-in-reducing-arterial-blood-pressure-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Glaube Raquel Riegel, Paula A B Ribeiro, Marcela Perdomo Rodrigues, Priccila Zuchinali, Leila Beltrami Moreira
INTRODUCTION: The multidisciplinary health practitioners can facilitate adherence to treatment of hypertension. Nutritional recommendations delivered by an expert in nutrition might increase the blood pressure control through a better comprehension about how nutrition plays a role on hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of nutritional intervention performed by a multidisciplinary team with and without registered dietitians compared to usual care in blood pressure control of hypertensive patients...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058977/the-shrinking-of-formalized-nutrition-education-in-health-professions-curricula-and-postgraduate-training
#7
Gordon S Sacks
The quantity of formalized nutrition education is shrinking in curricula of health professions, such as physicians, nurses, dietitians, and pharmacists. The current nutrition education being taught in U.S. schools of healthcare professionals does not appropriately prepare students for identification of patients at nutrition risk or management of undernourished hospitalized patients with specialized nutrition therapies. In U.S. schools of pharmacy, parenteral nutrition is considered a highly specialized and advanced practice so little time is devoted to this area and more attention is focused on chronic disease state management (ie, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure)...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054297/ascertaining-the-place-of-social-media-and-technology-for-bariatric-patient-support-what-do-allied-health-practitioners-think
#8
Yitka N H Graham, Catherine Hayes, Kamal K Mahawar, Peter K Small, Anita Attala, Keith Seymour, Sean Woodcock, Jonathan Ling
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing presence of patient-led social media, mobile apps and patient support technology, but little is known about the role of these in the support of bariatric surgery patients in the UK. This study aimed to seek the views of allied health professionals (AHPs) working in bariatric surgical teams to understand their current perceptions of the role of social media, mobile apps and patient-support technology within bariatric surgery in the UK. METHODS: A confidential, printed survey was distributed to the AHPs at the British Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society (BOMSS) 7th Annual Scientific Conference in January 2016...
January 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049525/nutrition-therapy-with-high-intensity-interval-training-to-improve-prostate-cancer-related-fatigue-in-men-on-androgen-deprivation-therapy-a-study-protocol
#9
Brenton J Baguley, Tina L Skinner, Michael D Leveritt, Olivia R L Wright
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most prevalent, prolonged and distressing side effects of prostate cancer treatment with androgen deprivation therapy. Preliminary evidence suggests natural therapies such as nutrition therapy and structured exercise prescription can reduce symptoms of cancer-related fatigue. Men appear to change their habitual dietary patterns after prostate cancer diagnosis, yet prostate-specific dietary guidelines provide limited support for managing adverse side effects of treatment...
January 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041817/combined-diabetes-renal-multifactorial-intervention-in-patients-with-advanced-diabetic-nephropathy-proof-of-concept
#10
Leon Fogelfeld, Peter Hart, Jadwiga Miernik, Jocelyn Ko, Donna Calvin, Bettina Tahsin, Anwar Adhami, Rajeev Mehrotra, Louis Fogg
AIMS: To evaluate efficacy of a multifactorial-multidisciplinary approach in delaying CKD 3-4 progression to ESRD. METHODS: Two-year proof-of-concept stratified randomized control trial conducted in an outpatient clinic of a large public hospital system. This intervention, led by a team of endocrinologists, nephrologists, nurse practitioners, and registered dietitians, integrated intensive diabetes-renal care with behavioral/dietary and pharmacological interventions...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034698/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-a-morbidly-obese-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis-a-case-study-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Mehmet Aziret, Kerem Karaman, Metin Ercan, Erdal Birol Bostancı, Musa Akoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a condition where the internal organs or organ systems are located contra-laterally to the norm, forming a mirror image. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an effective bariatric procedure that has become more common over the last two decades. We report on a morbidly obese patient with SIT who underwent a successful LSG. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old female morbidly obese patient (136k; 167cm; body mass index (BMI): 48kg/m(2)) was admitted for bariatric surgery...
December 26, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027950/dietfits-study-diet-intervention-examining-the-factors-interacting-with-treatment-success-study-design-and-methods
#12
Michael V Stanton, Jennifer L Robinson, Susan M Kirkpatrick, Sarah Farzinkhou, Erin C Avery, Joseph Rigdon, Lisa C Offringa, John F Trepanowski, Michelle E Hauser, Jennifer C Hartle, Rise J Cherin, Abby C King, John P A Ioannidis, Manisha Desai, Christopher D Gardner
Numerous studies have attempted to identify successful dietary strategies for weight loss, and many have focused on Low-Fat vs. Low-Carbohydrate comparisons. Despite relatively small between-group differences in weight loss found in most previous studies, researchers have consistently observed relatively large between-subject differences in weight loss within any given diet group (e.g., ~25kg weight loss to ~5kg weight gain). The primary objective of this study was to identify predisposing individual factors at baseline that help explain differential weight loss achieved by individuals assigned to the same diet, particularly a pre-determined multi-locus genotype pattern and insulin resistance status...
December 24, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025953/development-and-validation-of-a-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-a-canadian-population
#13
Maude Bradette-Laplante, Élise Carbonneau, Véronique Provencher, Catherine Bégin, Julie Robitaille, Sophie Desroches, Marie-Claude Vohl, Louise Corneau, Simone Lemieux
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to develop and validate a nutrition knowledge questionnaire in a sample of French Canadians from the province of Quebec, taking into account dietary guidelines. DESIGN: A thirty-eight-item questionnaire was developed by the research team and evaluated for content validity by an expert panel, and then administered to respondents. Face validity and construct validity were measured in a pre-test. Exploratory factor analysis and covariance structure analysis were performed to verify the structure of the questionnaire and identify problematic items...
December 27, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000691/consultation-with-registered-dietitian-to-prevent-accidental-reactions-to-food-insight-from-an-egg-allergy-influenza-vaccination-cohort
#14
P Bégin, C Filion, F Graham, J Lacombe-Barrios, J Paradis, L Paradis, A Des Roches
Egg is an ubiquitous allergen found in many food products. Current food allergy guidelines recognize the importance of consultation with a registered dietitian to ensure nutritional adequacy. However, there is a lack of evidence on its impact on the implementation of allergen avoidance strategies. Taking advantage of a well-characterized cohort of influenza vaccination in egg-allergic children (n=397), we tested the hypothesis that real-life professional dietary advice was associated with a decrease in accidental reactions to egg in allergic children with retrospective questionnaires...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000089/the-peri-operative-bariatric-surgery-care-in-the-middle-east-region
#15
Abdelrahman Nimeri, Mohammed Al Hadad, Mousa Khoursheed, Ahmed Maasher, Aayed Al Qahtani, Talat Al Shaban, Hayssam Fawal, Bassem Safadi, Amer Alderazi, Emad Abdalla, Ahmad Bashir
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is common in the Middle East region. However, regional accreditation bodies and guidelines are lacking. We present the current peri-operative practice of bariatric surgery in the Middle East region. SETTING: Public and private practice in the Middle East region. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to study trends of peri-operative care in bariatric surgery. It was sent to members of the Pan Arab Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (PASMBS)...
December 20, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989260/the-website-based-eatracker%C3%A2-my-goals-feature-a-qualitative-evaluation
#16
Jessica Rl Lieffers, Helen Haresign, Christine Mehling, Jose F Arocha, Rhona M Hanning
OBJECTIVE: In 2011, Dietitians of Canada added 'My Goals' to its website-based nutrition/activity tracking program (eaTracker®, http://www.eaTracker.ca/); this feature allows users to choose 'ready-made' or 'write-your-own' goals and to self-report progress. The purpose of the present study was to document experiences and perceptions of goal setting and My Goals, and report users' feedback on what is needed in future website-based goal setting/tracking tools. DESIGN: One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with (i) My Goals users and (ii) dietitians providing a public information support service, EatRight Ontario (ERO)...
December 19, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988219/dietary-changes-impact-the-gut-microbe-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-men%C3%A2-with-prostate-cancer-undergoing-radical%C3%A2-prostatectomy
#17
Andrew D Frugé, Travis Ptacek, Yuko Tsuruta, Casey D Morrow, Maria Azrad, Renee A Desmond, Gary R Hunter, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: Diet and obesity influence prostate cancer risk and progression-effects that may be mediated through the gut microbiome. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore relationships among diet, gut microbes, and Gleason sum in overweight and obese prostate cancer patients enrolled in a presurgical weight-loss trial. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (NCT01886677) secondary analysis. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: In 2013-2014, 40 prostate cancer patients in the southeastern United States were randomized and allocated equally to weight-loss and wait-list control arms while they awaited prostatectomy; stool samples were collected on a subset of 22 patients...
December 14, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986518/using-the-human-gastrointestinal-microbiome-to-personalize-nutrition-advice-are-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-ready-for-the-opportunities-and-challenges
#18
Ruth Harvie, Ryan M Chanyi, Jeremy P Burton, Michael Schultz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986354/lived-experiences-of-routine-antenatal-dietetic-services-among-women-with-obesity-a-qualitative-phenomenological-study
#19
Nicola Heslehurst, Sarah Dinsdale, Helene Brandon, Camilla Johnston, Carolyn Summerbell, Judith Rankin
OBJECTIVE: to understand the lived experiences and views of being referred to an antenatal dietetic service from the perspective of pregnant women with obesity. DESIGN: a qualitative, interpretive approach using one-to-one in-depth interviews to explore the lived experience of pregnant women with obesity following referral to an antenatal dietetics service. Thematic content analysis was carried out by two researchers independently to develop data-driven themes. SETTING: one NHS Trust maternity and dietetic services, North East England, UK...
November 18, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960248/the-price-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-foods-in-australian-primary-school-canteens
#20
Rebecca Wyse, John Wiggers, Tessa Delaney, Jia Ying Ooi, Josephine Marshall, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Luke Wolfenden
OBJECTIVE: To describe the price of Australian school canteen foods according to their nutritional value. METHODS: Primary school canteen menus were collected as part of a policy compliance randomised trial. For each menu item, dietitians classified its nutritional value; 'green' ('good sources of nutrients'), 'amber' ('some nutritional value'), 'red' ('lack adequate nutritional value') and assigned a food category (e.g. 'Drinks', 'Snacks'). Pricing information was extracted...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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