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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913762/aspen-felanpe-clinical-guidelines-nutrition-support-of-adult-patients-with-enterocutaneous-fistula
#1
Vanessa J Kumpf, Jose Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento, Jose Ignacio Diaz-Pizarro Graf, Amber M Hall, Liam McKeever, Ezra Steiger, Marion F Winkler, Charlene W Compher
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires an interdisciplinary approach and poses a significant challenge to physicians, wound/stoma care specialists, dietitians, pharmacists, and other nutrition clinicians. Guidelines for optimizing nutrition status in these patients are often vague, based on limited and dated clinical studies, and typically rely on individual institutional or clinician experience. Specific nutrient requirements, appropriate route of feeding, role of immune-enhancing formulas, and use of somatostatin analogues in the management of patients with ECF are not well defined...
December 2, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910718/substituting-poly-and-mono-unsaturated-fat-for-dietary-carbohydrate-reduces-hyperinsulinemia-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Dalia Perelman, Nicole Coghlan, Cindy Lamendola, Susan Carter, Fahim Abbasi, Tracey McLaughlin
OBJECTIVE: Hyperinsulinemia is a prevalent feature of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), contributing to metabolic and reproductive manifestations of the syndrome. Weight loss reduces hyperinsulinemia but weight regain is the norm, thus preventing long-term benefits. In the absence of weight loss, replacement of dietary carbohydrate (CHO) with mono/polyunsaturated fat reduces ambient insulin concentrations in non-PCOS subjects. The current study evaluated whether this dietary intervention could ameliorate hyperinsulinemia in women with PCOS...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886707/what-strategies-do-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-use-to-assess-a-patient-s-client-s-weight-loss-readiness
#3
Eleese Cunningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881101/knowledge-barriers-and-facilitators-of-exercise-in-dialysis-patients-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-staff-and-nephrologists
#4
Manisha Jhamb, Mary L McNulty, Gerald Ingalsbe, Julie W Childers, Jane Schell, Molly B Conroy, Daniel E Forman, Andrea Hergenroeder, Mary Amanda Dew
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence on benefits of increased physical activity in hemodialysis (HD) patients and safety of intra-dialytic exercise, it is not part of standard clinical care, resulting in a missed opportunity to improve clinical outcomes in these patients. To develop a successful exercise program for HD patients, it is critical to understand patients', staff and nephrologists' knowledge, barriers, motivators and preferences for patient exercise. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of HD patients, staff and nephrologists from 4 dialysis units...
November 24, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879353/2016-health-care-education-presidential-address-if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#5
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872757/sports-nutrition-knowledge-among-mid-major-division-i-university-student-athletes
#6
Ashley Andrews, Janet R Wojcik, Joni M Boyd, Charles J Bowers
Competitive athletes have goals to optimize performance and to maintain healthy body composition. Sports nutrition is a component of training programs often overlooked by student-athletes and their coaches. The purpose of this study was to examine student-athletes' sports nutrition knowledge across sex, class level, team, and completion of prior nutrition coursework. Participants included 123 mid-major Division I university student-athletes (47 females and 76 males) from baseball, softball, men's soccer, track and field, and tennis...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871268/metformin-and-dietary-advice-to-improve-insulin-sensitivity-and-promote-gestational-restriction-of-weight-among-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight-or-obese-the-grow-randomised-trial
#7
Jodie M Dodd, Rosalie M Grivell, Andrea R Deussen, Gustaaf Dekker, Jennie Louise, William Hague
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a significant global health problem, with approximately 50% of women entering pregnancy having a body mass index greater than or equal to 25 kg/m(2). Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a well-recognised increased risk of adverse health outcomes both for the woman and her infant. Currently available data from large scale randomised trials and systematic reviews highlight only modest effects of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions in limiting gestational weight gain, with little impact on clinically relevant pregnancy outcomes...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863616/attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-australia-dietitians-regarding-dietary-supplements-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Wolfgang Marx, Nicole Kiss, Daniel McKavanagh, Elisabeth Isenring
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes, beliefs and behaviors of Australian dietitians regarding dietary supplements. METHODS: An online survey was disseminated through the mailing lists of multiple healthcare organizations. There were 231 Australian dietitians that replied to the online survey. RESULTS: The results indicate that Australian dietitians are interested in dietary supplements (65%); however, the results also indicate that Australian dietitians are tentative about integrating dietary supplements into their dietetic practice...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863024/creating-an-integrated-care-model-for-childhood-obesity-a-randomized-pilot-study-utilizing-telehealth-in-a-community-primary-care-setting
#9
A Fleischman, S E Hourigan, H N Lyon, M G Landry, J Reynolds, S K Steltz, L Robinson, S Keating, H A Feldman, R C Antonelli, D S Ludwig, C B Ebbeling
In an integrated care model, involving primary care providers (PCPs) and obesity specialists, telehealth may be useful for overcoming barriers to treating childhood obesity. We conducted a pilot study comparing body mass index (BMI) changes between two arms (i) PCP in-person clinic visits plus obesity specialist tele-visits ( PCP visits + specialist tele-visits) and (ii) PCP in-person clinic visits only ( PCP visits only), with ongoing tele-consultation between PCPs and obesity specialists for both arms...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854252/weight-management-advice-for-clients-with-overweight-or-obesity-allied-health-professional-survey
#10
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Maya Guest, Ashley K Kable, Carole James, Samantha E Ashby, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Clare E Collins
The prevalence of obesity is increasing. The potential for allied health professionals to intervene through the provision of lifestyle advice is unknown. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices of health professionals in the provision of dietary and physical activity advice for clients with overweight or obesity. Dietitians, exercise physiologists, nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and psychologists (n = 296) working in New South Wales were surveyed using paper-based and online methods...
November 14, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847349/assessing-the-viability-of-social-media-for-disseminating-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guideline-through-content-analysis-of-twitter-messages-and-health-professional-interviews-an-observational-study
#11
Rosa K Hand, Deric Kenne, Taylor M Wolfram, Jenica K Abram, Michael Fleming
BACKGROUND: Given the high penetration of social media use, social media has been proposed as a method for the dissemination of information to health professionals and patients. This study explored the potential for social media dissemination of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline (EBNPG) for Heart Failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to (1) describe the existing social media content on HF, including message content, source, and target audience, and (2) describe the attitude of physicians and registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) who care for outpatient HF patients toward the use of social media as a method to obtain information for themselves and to share this information with patients...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846411/binge-eating-disorder-and-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-in-obesity-psychopathological-and-eating-behaviors-differences-according-to-comorbidities
#12
Cristina Segura-Garcia, Mariarita Caroleo, Marianna Rania, Elvira Barbuto, Flora Sinopoli, Matteo Aloi, Franco Arturi, Pasquale De Fazio
BACKGROUND: Obesity is not a mental disorder, yet DSM-5 recognizes a strong association between obesity and psychiatric syndromes. Disorders within the Bipolar Spectrum (BSD) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) are the most frequent psychiatric disorders among obese patients. The aim of this research is to investigate the psychopathological differences and the distinctive eating behaviors that accompany these comorbidities in obese patients. METHODS: One hundred and nineteen obese patients (40 males; 79 females) underwent psychological evaluation and psychiatric interview, and a dietitian evaluated their eating habits...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843557/inclusion-of-walnut-in-the-diets-of-adults-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-and-their-dietary-pattern-changes-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#13
Valentine Yanchou Njike, Niloufarsadat Yarandi, Paul Petraro, Rockiy G Ayettey, Judith A Treu, David L Katz
BACKGROUND: In our recently published study, including walnuts in the diets of adults with prediabetes led to overall improvement in diet quality. This report adds to those study findings by examining the food groups displaced during walnut inclusion in the diets of those adults with prediabetes. METHODS: Randomized, controlled, modified Latin square parallel design with 2 treatment arms. The 112 participants (31 men, 81 women) were randomly assigned to a diet with or without dietary counseling to regulate calorie intake in a 1:1 ratio...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829939/the-knowledge-of-polish-primary-care-physicians-about-bariatric-surgery
#14
Piotr Major, Tomasz Stefura, Monika Jezierska-Kazberuk, Michał Wysocki, Michał Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Artur Kacprzyk, Andrzej Budzyński
INTRODUCTION: The general practitioner (GP) can play a key role in this multi-disciplinary team, coordinating care provided by dietitians and surgeons, maximizing the potential benefits of surgery. Therefore, it seems important to verify changes in GPs' knowledge about surgical treatment of obesity. AIM: To reassess knowledge of obesity surgical treatment among Polish primary care physicians and their willingness to improve it in the future. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To assess the knowledge of Polish primary care physicians about surgical treatment of obesity, a prospective study, which included an anonymous online questionnaire, was conducted in the years 2015-2016...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825793/adherence-to-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Laura J Lutz, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kelly W Williams, Susan M McGraw, Philip J Niro, J Philip Karl, Sonya J Cable, Thomas L Cropper, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010), a measure of diet quality, is used to quantify adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Better HEI scores have been associated with positive health outcomes; however, the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, a mental health attribute for coping with adversity, has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, and the relationship between resilience and demographics, anthropometrics, socioeconomic status, and health behavior...
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823606/nutrition-in-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
Osama Hamdy, Mohd-Yusof Barakatun-Nisak
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a key component of diabetes management. The importance of balancing macronutrients, reducing carbohydrate load, lowering glycemic index, and implementing an overall healthy dietary pattern are emerging as better approaches for MNT in diabetes. Recent research points to improved glycemic control, reduction in body weight, and improvement in many cardiovascular risk factors when these approaches are provided by registered dietitians or health care providers. This review article discusses the current evidence about the role of sensible nutrition in diabetes management...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821662/malnutrition-at-intensive-care-unit-admission-predicts-mortality-in-emergency-general-surgery-patients
#17
Joaquim M Havens, Alexandra B Columbus, Anupamaa J Seshadri, Olubode A Olufajo, Kris M Mogensen, James D Rawn, Ali Salim, Kenneth B Christopher
BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery (EGS) patients are at an increased risk for morbidity and mortality compared with non-EGS patients. Limited information exists regarding the contribution of malnutrition to the outcome of critically ill patients who undergo EGS. We hypothesized that malnutrition would be associated with increased risk of 90-day all-cause mortality following intensive care unit (ICU) admission in EGS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an observational study of patients treated in medical and surgical ICUs at a single institution in Boston...
November 7, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815234/a-brief-tool-to-assess-image-based-dietary-records-and-guide-nutrition-counselling-among-pregnant-women-an-evaluation
#18
Amy M Ashman, Clare E Collins, Leanne J Brown, Kym M Rae, Megan E Rollo
BACKGROUND: Dietitians ideally should provide personally tailored nutrition advice to pregnant women. Provision is hampered by a lack of appropriate tools for nutrition assessment and counselling in practice settings. Smartphone technology, through the use of image-based dietary records, can address limitations of traditional methods of recording dietary intake. Feedback on these records can then be provided by the dietitian via smartphone. Efficacy and validity of these methods requires examination...
November 4, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812513/effects-of-activity-based-personalized-nutrition-education-on-dietary-behaviors-and-blood-parameters-in-middle-aged-and-older-type-2-diabetes-korean-outpatients
#19
Seung Hye Yang, Hye-Kyung Chung, Seung-Min Lee
This study aimed to compare the effects of activity-based personalized nutrition education (APNE) with a general instruction for diabetes (control, CTRL) in middle-aged and older Korean outpatients with type 2 diabetes. After an initial screening, 70 subjects were randomly assigned to APNE (n = 37) or CTRL (n = 33) group. APNE considered each patient's anthropometry, blood chemistry data, and dietary habits in addition to planning meal choices with the aid of registered dietitians. After 3 months, dietary behavior, food intake, and anthropometric and blood measurement results were evaluated...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811007/dietitians-have-important-role-in-mental-health-team-say-researchers
#20
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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