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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353440/healthy-lifestyle-promotion-in-primary-schools-through-the-board-game-kaledo-a-pilot-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Emanuela Viggiano, Alessandro Viggiano, Anna Di Costanzo, Adela Viggiano, Andrea Viggiano, Eleonora Andreozzi, Vincenzo Romano, Claudia Vicidomini, Daniela Di Tuoro, Giuliana Gargano, Lucia Incarnato, Celeste Fevola, Pietro Volta, Caterina Tolomeo, Giuseppina Scianni, Caterina Santangelo, Maria Apicella, Roberta Battista, Maddalena Raia, Ilaria Valentino, Marianna Palumbo, Giovanni Messina, Antonietta Messina, Marcellino Monda, Bruno De Luca, Salvatore Amaro
The board game Kaledo was proven to be effective in improving nutrition knowledge and in modifying dietary behavior in students attending middle and high school. The present pilot study aims to reproduce these results in younger students (7-11 years old) attending primary school. A total of 1313 children from ten schools were recruited to participate in the present study. Participants were randomized into two groups: (1) the treatment group which consisted of playing Kaledo over 20 sessions and (2) the no intervention group...
January 20, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353417/maternal-metabolic-response-to-dietary-treatment-for-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Karen L Lindsay, Lorraine Brennan, Maria A Kennelly, Sinéad Curran, Mary Coffey, Thomas P Smith, Michael E Foley, Mensud Hatunic, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Dietary advice is a standard component of treatment for pregnant women with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and gestational diabetes (GDM), yet few studies report glycemic profiles in response to dietary therapies and the optimal dietary approach remains uncertain. AIM: To assess changes in maternal glycemic profile and pregnancy outcomes among women with diet-controlled IGT and GDM. METHODS: Pregnant women who had one or more elevated values on a 3-h oral glucose tolerance test were enrolled...
January 20, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353283/association-between-dental-caries-and-bmi-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Dongru Chen, Qinghui Zhi, Yan Zhou, Ye Tao, Liping Wu, Huancai Lin
Research on the association between dental caries and body mass index (BMI) in children has shown contradictory results; thus we aimed to examine the association between dental caries and the full range of BMI classes among children. We comprehensively searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published prior to March 2017. Articles comparing dental caries among the full range of BMI classes for children below 18 years of both genders were included. Fourteen studies were eligible for this study...
January 20, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352885/synthesis-of-stimuli-responsive-chitosan-based-hydrogels-by-diels-alder-cross-linking-click%C3%A2-reaction-as-potential-carriers-for-drug-administration
#4
O Guaresti, C García-Astrain, R H Aguirresarobe, A Eceiza, N Gabilondo
Stimuli-responsive chitosan-based hydrogels for biomedical applications using the Diels-Alder reaction were prepared. Furan modified chitosan (Cs-Fu) was cross-linked with polyetheramine derived bismaleimide at different equivalent ratios in order to determine the effect in the swelling and release properties on the final CsFu:BMI hydrogels. The Diels Alder cross-linking reaction was monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy and rheological measurements. Both the sol-gel transition value and the final storage modulus for the different formulations were similar and close to 40 min and 400 Pa, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352831/associations-between-adherence-to-the-danish-food-based-dietary-guidelines-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-a-danish-adult-population-the-dipi-study
#5
Johanne L Arentoft, Camilla Hoppe, Elisabeth W Andersen, Kim Overvad, Inge Tetens
Diet is recognised as one modifiable lifestyle factor for ischaemic heart disease (IHD). We aimed at investigating the associations between adherence to the Danish Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDG) indicated by a Dietary Quality Index (DQI) and selected cardiometabolic risk factors in a cross-sectional study with 219 Danish adult participants (59 %women; age 31-65years) with a minimum of one self-rated risk marker of IHD. Information regarding diet was obtained using web-based dietary assessment software and adherence to the Danish FBDG was expressed by a DQI calculated from 5 food and nutrient indicators (whole grain, fish, fruit and vegetables, energy from saturated fat and from added sugar)...
January 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352820/concordance-and-predictors-of-concordance-of-children-s-dietary-intake-as-reported-via-ecological-momentary-assessment-and-24-h-recall
#6
Sydney G O'Connor, Wangjing Ke, Eldin Dzubur, Susan Schembre, Genevieve F Dunton
OBJECTIVE: To provide preliminary evidence in support of using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), a real-time data capture method involving repeated assessments, to measure dietary intake in children by examining the concordance of children's dietary reports through EMA and 24 h recall. DESIGN: Children completed eight days of EMA surveys, reporting on recent dietary intake of four pre-specified food categories ('Fruits or Vegetables', 'Chips or Fries', 'Pastries or Sweets', 'Soda or Energy Drinks'), and completed two 24 h recalls during the same period...
January 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352814/does-adherence-to-the-world-cancer-research-fund-american-institute-of-cancer-research-cancer-prevention-guidelines-reduce-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-the-uk-women-s-cohort-study
#7
Petra Jones, Janet E Cade, Charlotte E L Evans, Neil Hancock, Darren C Greenwood
Evidence on adherence to diet-related cancer prevention guidelines and associations with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is limited and conflicting. The aim of this cohort analysis is to evaluate associations between adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute of Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) 2007 recommendations and incident CRC. The UK Women's Cohort Study comprises over 35 372 women who filled in a FFQ at baseline in 1995. They were followed up for CRC incidence for a median of 17·4 years, an individual score linking adherence to eight of the WCRF/AICR recommendations was constructed...
January 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352753/factors-predicting-length-of-stay-following-bariatric-surgery-retrospective-review-of-a-single-uk-tertiary-centre-experience
#8
Fahad Mahmood, Alistair J Sharples, Adriana Rotundo, Nagammapudur Balaji, Vittal S R Rao
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are the most commonly performed bariatric procedures. Improvement in techniques and perioperative management of patients have resulted in shorter hospital stay and reduced overall costs. Many post-operative protocols aspire to post-operative day 1 discharge with studies showing reduction in length of stay without increasing complications. In this study, we investigate the factors predictive of early discharge at our high-volume bariatric centre...
January 19, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352694/age-age-at-diagnosis-and-diabetes-duration-are-all-associated-with-vascular-complications-in-type-2-diabetes
#9
Natalie Nanayakkara, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Adelle Gadowski, Stephane Heritier, Jeff R Flack, Natalie Wischer, Jencia Wong, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is increasingly diagnosed in younger patients. The trajectory of complications in patients diagnosed at a younger or older age is not well understood. We examine the associations between age, age at diagnosis and diabetes duration and vascular complications in patients with T2DM. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of pre-specified demographic and clinical data, from 3419 adults with T2DM participating in the Australian National Diabetes Audit (2015)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352360/quality-of-life-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-related-to-female-gender-and-comorbid-insomnia
#10
Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan, Canan Gunduz, Sebnem Pirildar, Ozen K Basoglu
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder affecting health-related quality of life (QoL), and OSA severity is not a reliable indicator for QoL. The aim of this study was (1) to evaluate the impact of gender on QoL and (2) to identify the predictors of QoL in OSA patients. METHODS: World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale short form (WHOQOL-Bref) was used for evaluating QoL in OSA patients undergoing polysomnography in sleep laboratory of a university hospital...
January 19, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352164/determinants-of-breast-size-in-asian-women
#11
Li Yan Lim, Peh Joo Ho, Jenny Liu, Wen Yee Chay, Min-Han Tan, Mikael Hartman, Jingmei Li
Breast size as a risk factor of breast cancer has been studied extensively with inconclusive results. Here we examined the associations between breast size and breast cancer risk factors in 24,353 Asian women aged 50 to 64 years old enrolled in a nationwide mammography screening project conducted between October 1994 and February 1997. Information on demographic and reproductive factors was obtained via a questionnaire. Breast size was ascertained as bust line measured at study recruitment and total breast area measured from a mammogram...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352008/incidence-predictors-and-clinical-outcomes-of-residual-stenosis-after-aortic-valve-in-valve
#12
Sabine Bleiziffer, Magdalena Erlebach, Matheus Simonato, Philippe Pibarot, John Webb, Lukas Capek, Stephan Windecker, Isaac George, Jan-Malte Sinning, Eric Horlick, Massimo Napodano, David M Holzhey, Petur Petursson, Alfredo Cerillo, Nikolaos Bonaros, Enrico Ferrari, Mauricio G Cohen, Giselle Baquero, Tara L Jones, Ankur Kalra, Michael J Reardon, Adnan Chhatriwalla, Vasco Gama Ribeiro, Sami Alnasser, Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Christian Jörg Rustenbach, Joachim Schofer, Santiago Garcia, Tobias Zeus, Didier Champagnac, Raffi Bekeredjian, Ran Kornowski, Rüdiger Lange, Danny Dvir
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyse the incidence of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and elevated gradients after aortic valve in valve (ViV), and to evaluate predictors and associations with clinical outcomes of this adverse event. METHODS: A total of 910 aortic ViV patients were investigated. Elevated residual gradients were defined as ≥20 mm Hg. PPM was identified based on the indexed effective orifice area (EOA), measured by echocardiography, and patient body mass index (BMI)...
January 19, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351820/restless-legs-syndrome-in-iranian-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-role-in-quality-of-life-and-quality-of-sleep
#13
Leila Modarresnia, Fatemeh Golgiri, Nahid Hashemi Madani, Zahra Emami, Kiarash Tanha
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and explore its role in quality of life (QoL) and quality of sleep of these patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed on 210 Iranian people with T2DM. The diagnosis of RLS was established based on the essential diagnostic criteria for RLS recommended by the National Institutes of Health. Sleep quality and QoL were assessed in all participants using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire, respectively...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351755/bone-mineral-density-at-the-hip-and-its-relation-to-fat-mass-and-lean-mass-in-adolescents-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#14
Anne Winther, Lone Jørgensen, Luai Awad Ahmed, Tore Christoffersen, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Grimnes, Rolf Jorde, Ole Andreas Nilsen, Elaine Dennison, Nina Emaus
BACKGROUND: Positive association between body weight and bone mass is well established, and the concept of body mass index (BMI) is associated with higher areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and reduced fracture risk. BMI, that comprises both fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) may contribute to peak bone mass achievement in different ways. This study explored the influence of body composition in terms of total body LM and FM on hip aBMD-values in adolescence. METHODS: In 2010/2011, 93% of the region's first-year upper-secondary school students (15-17 years old) in Tromsø, Norway attended the Tromsø Study, Fit Futures...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351745/the-associations-between-weight-related-anthropometrics-during-childhood-and-lung-function-in-late-childhood-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Kristine Kjer Byberg, Ingvild Bruun Mikalsen, Geir Egil Eide, Michele R Forman, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Knut Øymar
BACKGROUND: An association between body weight in childhood and subsequent lung function and asthma has been suggested, but few longitudinal studies exist. Our aim was to explore whether weight-related anthropometric measurements through childhood were associated with lung function in late childhood. METHODS: From an original nested case-control study, a cohort study was conducted, where lung function was measured in 463 children aged 12.8 years, and anthropometry was measured at several ages from birth through 12...
January 19, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351716/effect-of-metformin-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Haiyang Meng, Ailing Zhang, Yan Liang, Jie Hao, Xiaojian Zhang, Jingli Lu
BACKGROUND: For T1D patients, adding metformin to insulin therapies is thought to improve blood glucose levels, but current evidence does not support this clinical benefit. Additional data from large clinical trials are now available; therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies on assessing the efficacy and adverse effects of metformin. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases for data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
January 19, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351625/physical-activity-weight-and-functional-limitations-in-elderly-spanish-people-the-national-health-survey-2009-2014
#17
Pedro A Latorre-Román, José A Laredo-Aguilera, Felipe García-Pinillos, Víctor M Soto-Hermoso, Juan M Carmona-Torres
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze physical activity (PA), functional limitations, weight status, self-perceived health status and disease or chronic health problems in older people aged 65 and over using the European Health Survey in Spain (EHSS) conducted one in 2009 and one in 2014. Methods: This study included 12,546 older people, 6026 [2330 men and 3696 women; age (Mean, SD) =75.61 ± 7.11 years old] in 2009 and 6520 [2624 men and 3896 women; age (Mean, SD) =75...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351618/maintenance-hormonal-therapy-after-treatment-with-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-for-patients-with-atypical-polypoid-adenomyoma
#18
Hidetaka Nomura, Yuko Sugiyama, Terumi Tanigawa, Maki Matoda, Sanshiro Okamoto, Kohei Omatsu, Hiroyuki Kanao, Kazuyoshi Kato, Kuniko Utsugi, Nobuhiro Takeshima
Background: As atypical polypoid adenomyoma (APA) has been reported to be a hormone-related tumor, we aimed to analyze the efficacy and safety of maintenance hormonal therapy after fertility-preserving treatment of these patients with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). Methods: Data were retrospectively analyzed from patients with APA who were treated with a fertility-preserving regimen including MPA between October 2001 and December 2011. Eighteen patients were treated with MPA and 14 (77...
January 17, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351616/deficient-glucagon-response-to-hypoglycemia-during-a-mixed-meal-in-total-pancreatectomy-islet-autotransplantation-recipients
#19
L D Bogachus, M D Bellin, A Vella, R P Robertson
Context: Total pancreatectomy and intrahepatic islet autotransplantation (TP/IAT) is performed to alleviate severe abdominal pain, avoid narcotic use, maintain islet function, and avoid diabetes in patients with chronic pancreatitis. However, many TP/IAT recipients complain of post-prandial hypoglycemia. Objective: This study was designed to discover mechanisms of this problem. Design: Participants consumed a triple-isotope mixed meal. Setting: Hospital research unit...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351569/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-body-mass-index-a-study-of-residential-relocation
#20
Jerome N Rachele, Anne Kavanagh, Wendy J Brown, Aislinn M Healy, Gavin Turrell
Natural experiments, such as longitudinal observational studies which follow-up residents as they relocate, provide a strong basis to infer causation between the neighborhood environment and health. This study examined whether changes in the level of neighborhood disadvantage were associated with changes in body mass index (BMI) following residential relocation. This analysis included data from 928 residents who relocated between 2007 and 2013, across four waves of the HABITAT study in Brisbane, Australia. Neighborhood disadvantage was measured using a census-derived composite index...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
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