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Jinyu Li, Yi Wei, Xue Li, Dashuai Zhu, Bo Nie, Jingwei Zhou, Lixia Lou, Bin Dong, Aiming Wu, Yongzhe Che, Meng Chen, Lingqun Zhu, Mingwei Mu, Limin Chai
BACKGROUND: Xian-Fang-Huo-Ming-Yin (XFHM), a traditional herbal formula, has been used to treat sores and carbuncles for hundreds of years in Asia. Nowadays, its clinical effects in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been validated. In this study, we want to study its possible molecular mechanisms of regulating the differentiation of lymphocytes and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice for RA treatment. METHODS: A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization/mass spectrometer (HPLC-ESI/MS(n)) system was used to analyze the constituents of XFHM granules...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
C Bouchiat, S Curtis, I Spiliopoulou, M Bes, C Cocuzza, I Codita, C Dupieux, N Giormezis, A Kearns, F Laurent, S Molinos, R Musumeci, C Prat, M Saadatian-Elahi, E Tacconelli, A Tristan, B Schulte, F Vandenesch
BACKGROUND: MRSA is a therapeutic concern worldwide, and a major agent of community-acquired skin and soft tissue infections (CA-SSTIs). While the US epidemiology of MRSA in CA-SSTIs is well described and reports the high prevalence of the USA300 clone, data on the European situation are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and clonal characteristics of MRSA in CA-SSTIs in seven European emergency departments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From April to June 2015, patients presenting to the tertiary hospital emergency department with a Staphylococcus aureus CA-SSTI were prospectively enrolled...
February 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Limin Xiang, Xiaomin Yi, Yihai Wang, Xiangjiu He
Tupistra chinensis is widely distributed in southwestern China and its rhizome is a famous folk medicine for the treatment of carbuncles and pharyngitis. Its chemical identity of potent antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory constituents has been carried out in this study. Twenty-three polyhydroxylated spirostanol saponins, including nine novels, were isolated and identified. The new spirostanol saponins were elucidated as spirost-25(27)-en-1β,2β,3β,4β,5β-pentol-2-O-β-D-xylopyranoside (1), spirost-25(27)- en-1β,2β,3β,4β,5β-pentol-2-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside (2), spirost-25(27)-en- 1β,3α,5β-triol (12), spirost-25(27)-en-1β,3α,4β,5β,6β-pentol (13), spirost-25(27)-en- 1β,2β,3β,5β-tetraol-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), 5β-spirost-25(27)-en-1β,3β-diol- 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 4)-β-D-glucopyranoside (17), (25R)-5β-spirostan- 1β,3β-diol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (18), (25R)-5β- spirostan-1β,3β-diol-3-O-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2 → 6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (19), 5β-spirost-25(27)-en-3β-ol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 4)-β-D-glucopyranoside (20)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Bo-Ra Yun, Hye Jin Yang, Jin Bae Weon, Jiwoo Lee, Min Rye Eom, Choong Je Ma
BACKGROUND: Dianthus superbus, one of traditional herbal medicine, is widely used to treat urethritis, carbuncles and carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: A simultaneous determination method was established for controlling the quality of D. superbus using the eight compounds, (E)-methyl-4-hydroxy-4-(8a-methyl-3-oxodecahydronaphthalen-4a-yl) (1), diosmetin-7-O(2'',6''-di-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), vanillic acid (3), 4-hydroxyphenyl acetic acid (4), 4-methoxyphenyl acetic acid (5), (E)-4-methoxycinnamic acid (6), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethanol (7), and methyl hydroferulate (8) isolated from D...
May 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Jin Bae Weon, Youn Sik Jung, Choong Je Ma
Dianthus superbus (D. superbus) is a traditional crude drug used for the treatment of urethritis, carbuncles and carcinomas. The objective of this study was to confirm the cognitive enhancing effect of D. superbus in memory impairment induced mice and to elucidate the possible potential mechanism. Effect of D. superbus on scopolamine induced memory impairment on mice was evaluated using the Morris water maze and passive avoidance tests. We also investigated acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) expression in scopolamine-induced mice...
May 1, 2016: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Eun Gyeong Lim, Guen Tae Kim, Se Hee Lee, Sang-Yong Kim, Young Min Kim
Colon cancer, a common malignancy, can occur due to poor eating habits and increasing age. Consequently, careful regulation of eating habits may serve as a possible method for preventing the occurrence or progression of colon cancer. Extracts of the fruit of Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson are well‑known as an effective herbal medicine for the treatment of pain in female genitalia and carbuncle. However, there have been no studies on the apoptotic effects of Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson (CME). Adenosine monophosphate‑activated protein kinase (AMPK), the major regulator of energy metabolism, is activated by metabolic stress, including hypoxia and glucose deprivation...
June 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yasuko Sekita, Keiji Murakami, Hiromichi Yumoto, Hiroyuki Mizuguchi, Takashi Amoh, Satoshi Ogino, Takashi Matsuo, Yoichiro Miyake, Hiroyuki Fukui, Yoshiki Kashiwada
Houttuynia cordata (HC) has been commonly used as many traditional remedies in local areas of Japan. Although many pharmacological activities of HC have been reported, the mechanism underlying the effect of HC remains unknown. We conducted the interview survey in Japan to verify how HC was actually used. The interview survey revealed that HC poultice (HCP) prepared from smothering fresh leaves of HC was most frequently used for the treatment of purulent skin diseases including furuncle and carbuncle with high effectiveness...
June 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Sujin Ryu, Ki Moon Park, Seung Ho Lee
Gleditsia sinensis thorns (GST) have been used as a traditional medicine for carbuncles and skin diseases. The purpose of this study was to decide whether non-toxicological levels of water extract of GST (WEGST) are effective in inhibiting the progress of prostate cancer formation and to identify the target molecule involved in the WEGST-mediated inhibitory process of prostate cancer cell migration and in vivo tumor formation. Through the Boyden chamber migration assay, we found that non-toxic levels of WEGST could not attenuate the PC3 migration to the bottom area coated with serum but significantly inhibited PC3 cell migration to the collagen-coated bottom area...
March 2, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yucel Duman, Yusuf Yakupogullari, Baris Otlu, Mehmet Sait Tekerekoglu
Laboratory-acquired infection is one of the leading occupational health hazards. On a laboratory worker's hands, carbuncles occurred. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from pus samples of the carbuncles, with the same pulsed field gel electrophoresis band pattern with one of the recently studied strains in the laboratory. Incorrect or inadequate application of infection control measures may result in pathogen acquisition from the clinical samples, and wearing only gloves is not sufficient for the biosafety of laboratory workers in clinical diagnostic laboratories...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Gregor Grass, Gabriele Bierbaum, Ernst Molitor, Natascha Götte, Markus Antwerpen
We report the draft genome sequence of Bacillus pumilus strain Bonn associated with human skin infection. B. pumilus Bonn was isolated from a carbuncle-like necrotic site, resembling cutaneous anthrax, on the back of the hand of a 10-year-old child.
2016: Genome Announcements
Jian-Ping Zhang, Xin-Hui Tian, Yong-Xun Yang, Qing-Xin Liu, Qun Wang, Li-Ping Chen, Hui-Liang Li, Wei-Dong Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The plants in the genus Gleditsia, mainly distributed in central and Southeast Asia and North and South America, have been used as local and traditional medicines in many regions, especially in China, for the treatment of measles, indigestion, whooping, smallpox, arthrolithiasis, constipation, diarrhea, hematochezia, dysentery, carbuncle, etc. This present paper systemically reviews the miscellaneous information surrounding its traditional use, phytochemistry and pharmacology to provide opportunities and recommendations for the future research...
February 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Kyungjin Lee, Min Sik Shin, Inhye Ham, Ho-Young Choi
BACKGROUND: The root of Angelica dahurica Bentham et Hooker (Umbelliferae) has been used as a traditional medicine for colds, headache, dizziness, toothache, supraorbital pain, nasal congestion, acne, ulcer, carbuncle, and rheumatism in China, Japan, and Korea. Interestingly, it has been used in the treatment of vascular diseases including hypertension. The aim of this study was to provide pharmacological evidence for the anti-hypertensive effect of A. dahurica by investigating the mechanism underlying its vasorelaxant effect...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ying-Ni Pan, Xiao-Xu Liang, Li-Ying Niu, Yan-Nian Wang, Xin Tong, Hui-Ming Hua, Jiang Zheng, Dong-Ya Meng, Xiao-Qiu Liu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Frankincense (FRA), Ruxiang, is the resin of Boswellia carterii Birdw and Boswellia bhaw-dajiana Birdw which has been used for centuries as formulas to improve the circulation and to relieve pain against carbuncles. Stir-fried Frankincense (SFF) and vinegar processed Frankincense (VPF) are two major processed Frankincense, and the processing procedures reportedly enhance the curative efficacy or reduce the side effects of FRA. This paper describes the comparisons in plasma pharmacokinetic behaviors of 11-keto-β-boswellic acid (KBA) and 3-acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) in FRA and its processed products, and their effects on coagulation factors and blood clotting tetrachoric, using an acute cold blood-stasis animal model after oral administration of FRA, SFF, and VPF...
August 22, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Chang-Seob Seo, Hye-Sun Lim, Hyekyung Ha, Seong Eun Jin, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin
Gleditsia sinensis thorns have traditionally been used to treat edema and carbuncles and drain abscesses. In the present study, a simultaneous analysis of four flavonoids [(+)‑catechin, (‑)‑epicatechin, eriodictyol and quercetin] and two phenolic compounds (caffeic acid and ethyl gallate), obtained from a 70% ethanol extract of G. sinensis, was performed using high‑performance liquid chromatography‑photodiode array techniques. In addition, the inhibitory activities of the solvent fractions from a G...
September 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yongcheng Benjamin Tan
Myeloid sarcoma is an uncommon neoplasm, comprising an extramedullary tumorous proliferation of immature myeloid cells. Its rarity and tendency for diverse clinical presentation contribute to difficulty in timely diagnosis. This report describes a case of a painful back lump in an elderly Chinese male, which was initially diagnosed as a carbuncle. Histology on the saucerization specimen was reported as inflamed granulation tissue. Failure of expected wound healing prompted surgical debridement; microscopic examination on the subsequent specimen revealed an immature myeloid population with an increased MIB-1 proliferative index, highlighted by myeloperoxidase, lysozyme, CD117, and CD43 immunoreactivity, in keeping with myeloid sarcoma...
October 2015: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Li-Jung Lan, Ying-Shuang Lien, Shao-Chuan Wang, Nese Ituaso-Conway, Ming-Che Tsai, Pao-Ying Tseng, Yu-Lin Yeh, Chun-Tzu Chen, Ko-Huang Lue, Jing-Gung Chung, Yu-Ping Hsiao
There is a distinct lack of knowledge on the prevalence of skin disorders in Tuvalu. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of cutaneous diseases and to evaluate access dermatological care in Tuvalu. Cutaneous disorders in the people of Tuvalu between 2009 and 2012 were examined. The most common skin conditions were eczema/dermatitis, superficial fungal infections, impetigo, carbuncles, furuncles, folliculitis, acne, scabies, warts and keloids. Infrequent skin conditions included infectious granulomatous disease, albinism, actinic keratosis, skin cancer, cutaneous lupus erythematosus and mammary Paget's disease, which required medical attention...
September 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ambia Khatun, Mohammad Zafar Imam, Md Sohel Rana
BACKGROUND: Persicaria hydropiper (Linn.) Delarbre is a common plant of Polygonaceae family commonly called Bishkatali in Bangladesh. Leaves of the plant are traditionally used in the treatment of rheumatic pain, gout, and skin diseases such as ringworms, scabies, boils, abscesses, carbuncles, bites of snakes, dogs or insects. This study evaluated the antinociceptive effect of the methanol extract of P. hydropiper leaves (MEPH). METHODS: The antinociceptive activity of MEPH was investigated using heat-induced (hot-plate and tail-immersion test) and chemical-induced (acetic acid, formalin, glutamic acid, cinnamaldehyde) nociception models in mice at 25, 50, and 75 mg/kg doses...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ping-Yin Chou, Yin-Chun Chen, Poyin Huang
Although carbuncles are commonly seen and may heal on their own or respond well to treatment, in rare conditions, bacteria from carbuncles can spread into the bloodstream and migrate to other areas of the body. Herein, we report on an elderly female who suffered from forehead carbuncle with intractable headache, later confirmed as having subgaleal abscess. Physicians should pay special attention to elderly and immune-compromised patients with carbuncles located on the middle of the face, especially when accompanied by intractable headache, to avoid poor outcome...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Liang-Hua Fang, Rui-Ping Wang, Shou-You Hu, Yu-Hao Teng, Wei-Bing Xie
Tou Nong San (TNS) is a traditional Chinese medicinal decoction used to treat sores and carbuncles. It contains four herbal drugs and one animal medicine: Radix Astragaliseu Seu Hedysari, Angelica sinensis, Ligustici Chuanxiong, Spina Gleditsiae, and stir-baked Squama Manis. Previous studies have shown that it has anticancer effects. This report validates in vivo antitumor properties of TNS. The compounds contained in TNSE were confirmed by liquid chromatographmass spectrometer (LC-MS) analysis. The in vivo antitumor activity of TNS extract (TNSE) was tested by feeding it to athymic mice harboring a human colonic tumor subcutaneous xenograft...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Michael R Wessels
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 372, Issue 12, Page 1164-1165, March 2015.
March 19, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
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