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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764882/postnatal-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-nationwide-clinic-based-cross-sectional-study-in-malaysia
#1
Noor Ani Ahmad, Umi Adzlin Silim, Azriman Rosman, Majdah Mohamed, Ying Ying Chan, Noraida Mohd Kasim, Muslimah Yusof, Mohamad Aznuddin Abd Razak, Maisarah Omar, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Fatanah Ismail, Nurashikin Ibrahim, Tahir Aris
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 13% of women in the postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression (PND) worldwide. In addition to underprivileged women, women who are exposed to violence are at higher risk of PND. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and PND in Malaysia. METHODS: This survey was conducted as a nationwide cross-sectional study using a cluster sampling design. Probable PND was assessed using a self-administered Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764405/urinary-iodine-concentration-and-thyroid-volume-of-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-two-selected-hospitals-in-ashanti-region-ghana-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#2
Daniel Gyamfi, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Kwabena Owusu Danquah, Ernest Adankwah, Gertrude Akua Amissah, Angela Odame
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem affecting people worldwide, particularly pregnant women. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy making pregnant women vulnerable to iodine deficiency and its disorders such as abortions, stillbirths and pregnancy goitre as well as congenital abnormalities, cretinism and mental retardation in their children. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of iodine deficiency and goitre among pregnant women attending antenatal sessions at two selected hospitals in Ashanti region, Ghana...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724216/intimate-partner-violence-forced-first-sex-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-zimbabwean-women-accessing-maternal-and-child-health-care
#3
Simukai Shamu, Stephen Munjanja, Christina Zarowsky, Patience Shamu, Marleen Temmerman, Naeemah Abrahams
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) remains a serious problem with a wide range of health consequences including poor maternal and newborn health outcomes. We assessed the relationship between IPV, forced first sex (FFS) and maternal and newborn health outcomes. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted with 2042 women aged 15-49 years attending postnatal care at six clinics in Harare, Zimbabwe, 2011. Women were interviewed on IPV while maternal and newborn health data were abstracted from clinic records...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720135/compliance-with-iron-and-folic-acid-supplementation-ifas-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kiambu-county-kenya
#4
Mary Wanjira Kamau, Waithira Mirie, Samuel Kimani
BACKGROUND: Macro and micronutrients including iron and folic acid deficiencies are prevalent in Kenya, particularly during pregnancy resulting in anaemia. Despite efforts to control anaemia in pregnancy by adopting Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation (IFAS), this public health problem has persisted contributing to significant morbidity and mortality. The problem notwithstanding, there is poor IFAS compliance, whose reasons remain poorly understood, calling for their investigations. We sought to determine compliance status with IFAS and associated factors among pregnant women...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716412/trends-in-asthma-self-management-skills-and-inhaled-corticosteroid-use-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-from-2004-to-2017
#5
Annelies L Robijn, Megan E Jensen, Peter G Gibson, Heather Powell, Warwick B Giles, Vicki L Clifton, Joerg Mattes, Michael J Peek, Helen L Barrett, Sean K Seeho, Leonie K Callaway, Alistair Abbott, John Attia, Peter A Wark, Vanessa E Murphy
OBJECTIVE: Asthma exacerbations and medication non-adherence are significant clinical problems during pregnancy. While asthma self-management education is effective, the number of education sessions required to maximise asthma management knowledge and inhaler technique and whether improvements persist postpartum, is unknown. This paper describes how asthma knowledge, skills, and inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) use have changed over time. METHODS: Data were obtained from three cohorts of pregnant women with asthma recruited in Newcastle, Australia between 2004-2017 (N = 895)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708295/the-safety-of-st-john-s-wort-hypericum-perforatum-in-pregnancy-and-lactation-a-systematic-review-of-rodent-studies
#6
REVIEW
Catharine Avila, Dawn Whitten, Sue Evans
Herbal products are popular among women during the perinatal period. St John's wort (SJW), Hypericum perforatum, is a common remedy for mild depression, a problem prevalent in this population. Although the safety of herbal products must be investigated, ethical issues constrain intervention studies in humans. Hence, animal studies often inform clinical decisions. The objective of this study is to systematically review rodent studies assessing the safety of SJW during the perinatal period. A literature search to November 10, 2017, identified 10 rodent studies that met a priori inclusion criteria...
April 30, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701247/does-perinatal-exposure-to-exogenous-oxytocin-influence-child-behavioural-problems-and-autistic-like-behaviours-to-20-years-of-age
#7
A J Guastella, M N Cooper, C R H White, M K White, C E Pennell, A J O Whitehouse
BACKGROUND: The neuropeptide and hormone oxytocin is known to have a significant impact on social cognition and behaviour in humans. There is growing concern regarding the influence of exogenous oxytocin (OT) administration in early life on later social and emotional development, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). No study has examined offspring development in relation to the dose of exogenous oxytocin administered during labour. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1992, 2,900 mothers were recruited prior to the 18th week of pregnancy, delivering 2,868 live offspring...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701148/quantification-of-methamphetamine-%C3%A2-shabu%C3%A2-in-biological-matrices-to-detect-prenatal-exposure-a-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#8
Pilar Jarque, Antonia Roca, Isabel Gomila, Valeria Noce, B Bernardino Barcelo, Julia Klein
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine misuse represents an increasing global public health problem. Its consumption during pregnancy becomes a relevant issue, since it has clinical consequences for the child's health and the pregnant woman. Despite this, there are only few data in the literature that include analytical results in the matrices used to detect prenatal exposure. OBJECTIVES: 1) Present a case report of prenatal methamphetamine exposure with toxicological analytical confirmation in biological matrices; and 2) Perform a compilation of prenatal methamphetamine exposure studies and case reports which include toxicological analytical results...
April 26, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692297/estimating-the-risk-of-vertical-transmission-of-dengue-a-prospective-study
#9
Célia Basurko, Séverine Matheus, Hélène Hildéral, Sibille Everhard, Marion Restrepo, Emma Cuadro-Alvarez, Véronique Lambert, Rachida Boukhari, Jean-Pierre Duvernois, Anne Favre, Mathieu Nacher, Gabriel Carles
The incidence of dengue worldwide is increasing rapidly. A better understanding of dengue transmission may help improve interventions against this major public health problem. The virus is mostly transmitted by vectors. There are, however, other modes of transmission, notably mother-to-child transmission or vertical transmission. We studied a prospective cohort of 54 women who had dengue while pregnant during the 2012-2013 epidemic in French Guiana to estimate the mother-to-child transmission rate and assess the clinical and biological presentation of neonatal dengue...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689109/maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-increases-the-risk-of-adverse-neonatal-outcomes-in-the-chinese-population-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Yuanliu Wang, Honghui Li, Min Zheng, Yubi Wu, Ting Zeng, Jinjian Fu, Dingyuan Zeng
BACKGROUND: Although vitamin D (vitD) deficiency is a common problem in pregnant women, in China, few studies have focused on the relationship between maternal vitD deficiency throughout the three trimesters and subsequent neonatal outcomes in China. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2016, maternal serum and neonate cord blood samples were collected from 1978 mother-neonate pairs from Liuzhou city. RESULTS: The mean concentrations of 25-hydroxy vitD (25(OH)D) were 16...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674237/eslicarbazepine-acetate-exposure-in-pregnant-women-with-epilepsy
#11
Raquel Costa, Luís M Magalhães, Joana Graça, Mariana Vieira, Helena Gama, Joana Moreira, José F Rocha, Patrício Soares-da-Silva
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a common neurologic disorder requiring continued treatment during pregnancy. Treatment with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is needed for seizure control, but the risk of adverse events has to be minimized for both mother and foetus. Available data on pregnancy and foetal/postnatal outcomes following eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) exposure via parent is herein presented for the first time. METHODS: ESL's global safety database was reviewed to identify pregnancy cases with exposure to ESL reported up to October 21st, 2017...
April 10, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667739/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-child-developmental-milestones
#12
Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Polina Girchenko, Jari Lipsanen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Eero Kajantie, Hannele Laivuori, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Pia M Villa, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy predict poorer child neurodevelopment. The effects of timing, symptom severity, and additive influences remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 2,231 mothers of the Prediction and Prevention of Pre-eclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (PREDO) study completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale biweekly up to 14 times during pregnancy and twice up to 12 months after pregnancy...
April 18, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628955/the-effects-of-mental-health-training-program-on-stress-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy
#13
Zahra Akbarian, Shahnaz Kohan, Hamid Nasiri, Soheila Ehsanpour
Background: The process of becoming a mother is considered as an enjoyable and evolutionary event of women's life. However, due to physical and mental changes, it can be associated with some degree of stress and anxiety that may lead to mental health problems. This study aimed to compare the effects of mental health training during pregnancy on stress, anxiety, and depression between two groups of couples and pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 120 pregnant women referring to health centers in Isfahan, Iran, from September to February 2016...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628769/antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-vulvovaginal-candida-species-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-peshawar
#14
Maria Khan, Jawad Ahmed, Amina Gul, Aamer Ikram, Farida Khurram Lalani
Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is considered as a pervasive gynecological problem among women worldwide. Owing to this fact, in the current study, we aimed at assessing the prevalence rate of Candida spp. causing VVC in symptomatic pregnant women and their antifungal susceptibility pattern. Methods: This study was carried out in the tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar during the period of July 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. The study group included 450 pregnant women in the age group of 17-44 years with symptoms of excessive vaginal discharge, pain and pruritis...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625362/epilepsy-related-concerns-among-patients-with-epilepsy-in-west-china
#15
Jiani Chen, Qian Li, Xin Tong, Minglian Su, Chiyi Wang, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: In the present study, we aimed to investigate patient-derived epilepsy-related concerns among Chinese individuals with epilepsy and the impact of seizure control on patient concerns. METHODS: All adult patients with epilepsy who had visited the outpatient clinic at West China Hospital between July 2014 and June 2016 were invited to participate in the study. All patients were given a blank sheet of paper and asked to list any concerns they had regarding their disease in order of importance...
April 3, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617818/fshb-211-g-t-is-a-major-genetic-modulator-of-reproductive-physiology-and-health-in-childbearing-age-women
#16
Kristiina Rull, Marina Grigorova, Aivar Ehrenberg, Pille Vaas, Aire Sekavin, Diana Nõmmemees, Mart Adler, Ele Hanson, Peeter Juhanson, Maris Laan
STUDY QUESTION: Are the genetic variants FSHB -211 G>T (rs10835638), FSHR c.2039 A>G (Asn680Ser, rs6166) and FSHR -29 G>A (rs1394205) associated with serum FSH, LH and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in reproductive age women, their menstrual cycle parameters and risk of infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Only the FSHB -211 G>T variant was a major genetic determinant of serum gonadotropin levels in both, eumenorrheic healthy women and female infertility patients, and the T-allele carrier status was enriched among idiopathic infertility cases...
March 30, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616672/erythrocyte-phenotype-in-a-pregnant-woman-of-sri-lanka-description-of-the-case-and-complications-related-to-communication-problems
#17
Alvaro Ringressi, Veronica Cunsolo, Francesca Malentacchi, Simone Pozzessere
BACKGROUND: The Bombay phenotype is a rare genetic trait which is characterized by the absence of A, B and H antigens on red cells as well as in body secretions. The serum shows the presence of antibodies against antigen H. Patients with this rare blood type are not easily transfusable. We had observed a woman aged 18, at the 20th week of pregnancy, native of Sri Lanka, with an IgG and IgM class anti-H. We report the case and the clinical issues arisen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The determination of ABO, Rh[D] group, the indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) were performed in tube techniques and in neutral gel microcolumn...
January 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599751/circadian-rhythms-and-clock-genes-in-reproduction-insights-from-behavior-and-the-female-rabbit-s-brain
#18
REVIEW
Mario Caba, Gabriela González-Mariscal, Enrique Meza
Clock gene oscillations are necessary for a successful pregnancy and parturition, but little is known about their function during lactation, a period demanding from the mother multiple physiological and behavioral adaptations to fulfill the requirements of the offspring. First, we will focus on circadian rhythms and clock genes in reproductive tissues mainly in rodents. Disruption of circadian rhythms or proper rhythmic oscillations of clock genes provoke reproductive problems, as found in clock gene knockout mice...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569251/prenatal-triptan-exposure-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-5-year-old-children-follow-up-from-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#19
Gerd-Marie Eskerud Harris, Mollie Wood, Eivind Ystrom, Hedvig Nordeng
BACKGROUND: Triptans are commonly used to treat migraine headaches, but data on the long-term safety of these medications during pregnancy are sparse. Triptans have a biologically plausible mechanism for effects on the fetal brain through binding to 5-HT1 -receptors, and previous studies show increased risks of externalising behaviour problems in toddlers exposed to triptans during pregnancy. METHODS: We included 3784 children in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, whose mothers returned the 5-year-questionnaire and reported a history of migraine or triptan use; 353 (9...
March 23, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566176/the-psychological-well-being-and-prenatal-bonding-of-gestational-surrogates
#20
N Lamba, V Jadva, K Kadam, S Golombok
STUDY QUESTION: How does the psychological well-being and prenatal bonding of Indian surrogates differ from a comparison group of mothers? SUMMARY ANSWER: Surrogates had higher levels of depression during pregnancy and post-birth, displayed lower emotional connection with the unborn baby, and greater care towards the healthy growth of the foetus, than the comparison group of mothers. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: Studies in the West have found that surrogates do not suffer long-term psychological harm...
February 23, 2018: Human Reproduction
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