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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634648/fasciola-hepatica-a-diver-in-the-biliary-tree
#1
Aires Martins, Álvaro Gonçalves, Teresa Almeida, Luís Lopes, Alberto Midões
Fasciola hepatica is an endemic trematode that affects millions of people worldwide. The human being can be an accidental host through consumption of contaminated food or water. The authors present a case of hepatic fascioliasis in a 69-year-old Portuguese woman who recently traveled from Egypt, Brazil, and India.
June 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634534/etiological-factors-of-short-stature-in-children-and-adolescents-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-egypt
#2
Almontaser Hussein, Hekma Farghaly, Eman Askar, Kotb Metwalley, Khaled Saad, Asmaa Zahran, Hisham A Othman
BACKGROUND: Accurate anthropometric measurements and critical analysis of growth data allow the clinician to promptly recognize children with short stature. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of etiological factors causing short stature among children referred to the pediatric endocrinology clinic of Assiut University Children's Hospital, the main tertiary care center in Upper Egypt. METHODS: We conducted this descriptive observational study from May 2012 to December 2015, to analyze 637 children (boys 354, girls 283) with short stature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633707/qualitative-analysis-of-biological-tuberculosis-samples-by-an-electronic-nose-based-artificial-neural-network
#3
E I Mohamed, M A Mohamed, M H Moustafa, S M Abdel-Mageed, A M Moro, A I Baess, S M El-Kholy
OBJECTIVE: To apply an e-nose system for monitoring headspace volatiles in biological samples from Egyptian patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and healthy controls (HCs) and compare them with standard sputum analysis. DESIGN: The study population comprised 260 (140 males, 120 females) newly diagnosed TB patients and 240 (120 males, 120 females) HCs matched by age and socio-economic level admitted to hospitals specialising in chest diseases in Alexandria, Behera, Giza and Damietta Governorates, Egypt...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631945/vildagliptin-any-effect-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-serum-uric-acid-re-shelbaya-s-rakha-s-effectiveness-and-safety-of-vildagliptin-and-vildagliptin-add-on-to-metformin-in-real-world-settings-in-egypt-results-from-the-guard-study-curr-med-res-opin
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630687/emerging-antimicrobial-resistance-in-early-and-late-onset-neonatal-sepsis
#5
Lamiaa Mohsen, Nermin Ramy, Dalia Saied, Dina Akmal, Niveen Salama, Mona M Abdel Haleim, Hany Aly
BACKGROUND: Compared to developed countries, the use of antimicrobials in Egypt is less regulated and is available over the counter without the need for prescriptions. The impact of such policy on antimicrobial resistance has not been studied. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of early and late onset sepsis, and the frequency of antimicrobial resistance in a major referral neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: The study included all neonates admitted to the NICU over a 12-month period...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630686/fecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-egyptian-patients-with-community-onset-gastrointestinal-complaints-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#6
H M Abdallah, N Alnaiemi, E A Reuland, B B Wintermans, A Koek, A M Abdelwahab, A Samy, K W Abdelsalam, C M J E Vandenbroucke-Grauls
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase production among Enterobacteriaceae isolated from ambulatory patients with gastrointestinal complaints admitted to El-Ahrar General Hospital, Zagazig, Egypt in the period between January 2013 and May 2013. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen Enterobacteriaceae isolates were recovered from 100 consecutive Egyptian patients with community-onset gastrointestinal complaints...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629812/benthic-foraminifera-for-heavy-metal-pollution-monitoring-a-case-study-from-burullus-lagoon-of-egypt
#7
O H Orabi, A A El-Badry, A M Badr-ElDin
Sources of heavy metals pollution in the Burullus Lagoon include phosphate fertilizers, sewage and oil spills from fishing boats. The benthic species identified in this lagoon are Adelosina carinata striata (Wiesner), Quinqueloculina bosciana (d'Orbigny), Quinqueloculina seminulum (Linnaeus), Ammonia tepida (Cushman), Elphidium excavatum (Terquem). A. tepida is the most dominant species in the lagoon. It constitutes more than 97% of the total benthic foraminiferal assemblages reflecting tolerance to the very low salinity in the Burullus Lagoon...
June 16, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624899/neuropsychological-measures-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Ahmed F Fasfous, Haya F Al-Joudi, Antonio E Puente, Miguel Pérez-García
Although Arabic is one of the most widely used languages in the world, little is known on the availability of standardized neuropsychological tests in Arabic. We review the literature published before 2016, using the keywords Arab*, cogniti*, and neuropsycholo*, as well as keywords for each Arab country. PubMed, PsycINFO, Education Source, Academic Search Complete, Education Resources Information Center, Shamaa, and Arabpsynet databases were searched, in addition to a selected number of Arabic medical and educational journals...
June 17, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624559/a-study-of-family-history-and-pathology-features-in-egyptians-with-large-bowel-cancer-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ahmed A Abou-Zeid, Wael A Jumuah, Essam F Ebied, Karim Sabry Abd El Samee Atia, Yasser El Ghamrini, Dina A Somaie
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer in Egypt has a higher incidence in young patients compared to western countries, where the disease is more prevalent in the old age group. This difference has been attributed to higher incidence of hereditary cancers in young Egyptian patients. The aim of this study is to compare the family history criteria and pathology features of tumors in young (<40 years) and old (>40 years) Egyptian patients with adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is the analysis of our prospectively collected data on the pathology features of tumors in 313 consecutive patients (133 young, 180 old) with colorectal cancer presenting to the Department of Surgery within an eight-year period...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620859/perception-and-practices-of-tobacco-smoking-among-medical-students-in-the-nile-delta-egypt
#10
Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sameh Magdy Sarsik, Mahmoud Ibrahim Kabbash, Aya Abdul-Rahman Hagar, Nahlah Mohammad Othman, Mohammad Fahmy Ismail, Mohammad Rasmy Elazoul, Salem Mohammed Salem
This study was conducted to identify medical students' perception and practices towards tobacco smoking, as well as to identify factors affecting their adoption to smoking habit, among medical students in the Nile Delta. From December 2014 to February 2015, a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted at the four faculties of medicine in the Nile Delta. A total of 1715 students were targeted from the 2nd to 6th academic years to represent different levels of knowledge, awareness, and the influence of medical education on their attitude towards smoking...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620809/single-gene-reassortment-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-in-the-low-pathogenic-h9n2-backbone-and-its-impact-on-pathogenicity-and-infectivity-of-novel-reassortant-viruses
#11
Yassmin Moatasim, Ahmed Kandeil, Ahmed Mostafa, Sary Khaleel Abd Elghaffar, Rabeh El Shesheny, Ahmed Helmy M Elwahy, Mohamed Ahmed Ali
Avian influenza A H5N1 and H9N2 viruses have been extensively circulating in various avian species and frequently infect mammals, including humans. The synchronous circulation of both viruses in Egypt provides an opportunity for possible genetic assortment, posing a probable threat to global public health. To assess the potential risk of the IAV reassortants derived from co-circulation of these two AI subtypes, reverse genetics technology was used to generate a set of IAV reassortants carrying single genetic segments of clade 2...
June 15, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617761/hepatitis-c-virus-prevalence-in-egyptian-americans-in-southern-california
#12
Sammy Saab, Matthew R Viramontes, Sara L Chalifoux, Chris J Craw, Samantha D Ramirez, Sherona N Bau, Diana G Arevalo, Elena G Saab, Clara E Saab, Chloe S Craw, Abram Estafanous, Ramy Messiah, Waleed Messiah, Mohamed El Kabany
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a global medical health concern. Egypt has the highest HCV prevalence. Few studies have assessed the HCV prevalence rates among Egyptian-born expatriates. We sought to define the HCV prevalence Egyptian-born individuals residing in the Southern California area. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We screened Egyptian-born individuals in houses of worship in the Southern California area using a point of care test HCV antibody test. Results were confirmed by testing the blood for viral load...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617429/comparison-between-bilistick-system-and-transcutaneous-bilirubin-in-assessing-total-bilirubin-serum-concentration-in-jaundiced-newborns
#13
C Greco, I F Iskander, D M Akmal, S Z El Houchi, D A Khairy, G Bedogni, R P Wennberg, C Tiribelli, C D Coda Zabetta
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance and accuracy of the JM-103 transcutaneous bilirubinometer and Bilistick System in measuring total serum bilirubin for the early identification of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed on 126 consecutive term and near-term (⩾36 weeks' gestational age) jaundiced newborns in Cairo University Children Hospital NICU, Egypt. Total serum bilirubin was assayed concurrently by the clinical laboratory and Bilistick System and estimated using the JM-103 transcutaneous bilirubin instrument...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617149/comparison-of-airway-deposition-distributions-of-particles-in-healthy-and-diseased-workers-in-an-egyptian-industrial-site
#14
Péter Füri, Werner Hofmann, Ágnes Jókay, Imre Balásházy, Mona Moustafa, Blanka Czitrovszky, Gábor Kudela, Árpád Farkas
The objective of this study is the prediction and comparison of airway deposition patterns of an industrial aerosol in healthy workers and workers suffering from silicosis. Mass concentrations and related size distributions of particulate matter were measured in the industrial area of Samalut in Minia, Egypt. A novel stochastic lung deposition model, simulating the symptoms of silicosis by chronic bronchial (Br) obstruction and emphysema in the acinar (Ac) region, was applied to compute mass deposition fractions, deposition density, deposition rate and deposition density rate distributions in healthy and diseased workers...
June 15, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615873/molecular-characterization-of-internal-transcribed-spacer-1-its-1-region-of-different-trypanosoma-evansi-isolates-of-india
#15
Souti Prasad Sarkhel, Surender Kumar Gupta, Jyoti Kaushik, Jarnail Singh, Deepak Kumar Gaur, Sanjay Kumar, Rajender Kumar
Six Trypanosoma evansi isolates collected from ponies (PH1 and PK6), camel (CB2), donkeys (DJ3 and DH4) and cattle (CK5) from Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat states of India were used for molecular characterization of internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS 1). The DNA was isolated from purified trypanosomes of these six isolates after propagation in mice model. ITS1-PCR of purified parasite DNA yielded an amplification product approximately 540 bp in size. Nucleotide sequence of ITS1 gene of CB2 isolate had 530 bp while CK5, DH4, DJ3, and PH1 isolates had 532 bp, whereas, PK6 isolates had 533 bp size...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610198/review-of-robber-flies-of-the-genus-i-stichopogon-i-loew-diptera-asilidae-stichopogoninae-from-egypt
#16
Gawhara M M Abu El-Hassan, Haitham B M Badrawy, Sohair M Gad Allah, Ahmed M Soliman, Mohamed S Salama, Salwa K Mohammad
The Egyptian fauna of the asilid genus Stichopogon Loew is revised. Nine species are recognized including two new records, Stichopogon deserti Theodor, 1980 and S. scaliger Loew, 1847. A key to species, lists of material examined and their distribution are included. The occurrence of S. maroccanus in Egypt is discussed and clarified.
March 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609212/correlation-of-serum-soluble-fibrinogen-like-protein-2-with-soluble-fas-ligand-and-interferon-gamma-in-egyptian-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-patients-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#17
Mohamed El-Mesery, Mohammed El-Mowafy, Abdelaziz Elgaml, Laila F Youssef, Sally Y Abed
Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains one of the serious human diseases worldwide, especially in Egypt, which can lead to cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the exact molecular mechanism of HCC progress in HCV-infected patients remains unclear. Soluble fibrinogen-like protein 2 (sFGL2) is a modulator of the immune response that is secreted by T cells and inhibits maturation of dendritic cells and T cell proliferation. In the current study, serum sFGL2 levels were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique in 30 chronic HCV-infected patients (HCV group), 30 chronic HCV-infected patients with HCC (HCC group), and 12 healthy individuals (control group)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607674/gender-bias-in-careseeking-practices-in-57-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Janaína Calu Costa, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Aluísio Jd Barros, Cesar G Victora
BACKGROUND: Preventive and curative medical interventions can reduce child mortality. It is important to assess whether there is gender bias in access to these interventions, which can lead to preferential treatment of children of a given sex. METHODS: Data from Demographic and Health Surveys carried out in 57 low- and middle-income countries were used. The outcome variable was a composite careseeking indicator, which represents the proportion of children with common childhood symptoms or illnesses (diarrhea, fever, or suspected pneumonia) who were taken to an appropriate provider...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602046/exercise-interventions-for-cerebral-palsy
#19
REVIEW
Jennifer M Ryan, Elizabeth E Cassidy, Stephen G Noorduyn, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting from an injury to the developing brain. It is the most common form of childhood disability with prevalence rates of between 1.5 and 3.8 per 1000 births reported worldwide. The primary impairments associated with CP include reduced muscle strength and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, resulting in difficulties performing activities such as dressing, walking and negotiating stairs.Exercise is defined as a planned, structured and repetitive activity that aims to improve fitness, and it is a commonly used intervention for people with CP...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601426/corrigendum-to-risk-stratification-and-pattern-of-cardiotoxicity-in-pediatric-ewing-sarcoma-j-egypt-natl-cancer-instit-29-2017-53-56
#20
Emad Moussa, Manal Zamzam, Ahmed Kamel, Zeinab Salah, Iman Attia, Lina Gaber, Ranin Soliman, Sameera Ezzat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
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