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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334513/opioid-use-disorders-attributed-to-tramadol-among-egyptian-university-students
#1
Medhat M Bassiony, Mohamed Abdelghani, Ghada M Salah El-Deen, Mervat S Hassan, Hayam El-Gohari, Usama M Youssef
BACKGROUND: Tramadol use is an overwhelming problem in Egypt with tremendous medical and social consequences especially among youth. Use liability among Egyptian university students is underevaluated. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated correlates of tramadol use among students from Zagazig University, Egypt. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included a total of 1135 undergraduate students, from 10 colleges in Zagazig University. Participants were randomly selected and assessed for tramadol use using The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) and The Drug Use Disorders Identification Test-Extended (DUDIT-E)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326806/negative-impact-of-prolonged-antibiotics-or-persistent-diarrhea-on-vitamin-k1-levels-in-2-24-weeks-aged-egyptian-infants
#2
Mohsen S Elalfy, Fatma S E Ebeid, Iman A Elagouza, Fatma A Ibrahim, Noura B M Hassan, Beshoy A Botros
Background: To evaluate the hazard of prolonged antibiotic therapy and/or persistent diarrhea on vitamin K1 (VK1) level and bleeding profile in infants (2-24 weeks). Methods: A one-year case-control study, conducted at Ain Shams University, Egypt. 338 infants (2-24 weeks) were recruited and divided into 3 groups (1:1:3 ratios); group A (n=67) patients who received antibiotics for ≥10 days, group B (n=67) who had persistent diarrhea ≥ 14 days and group C (n=204) age- and gender- matched infants who had not either received antibiotics nor had diarrhea...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#3
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323530/prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-raw-milk-and-raw-milk-cheese-in-egypt
#4
Rabee A Ombarak, Atsushi Hinenoya, Abdel-Rahman M Elbagory, Shinji Yamasaki
The goal of this study was to examine antimicrobial resistance and characterize the implicated genes in 222 isolates of Escherichia coli from 187 samples of raw milk and the two most popular cheeses in Egypt. E. coli isolates were tested for susceptibility to 12 antimicrobials by a disk diffusion method. Among the 222 E. coli isolates, 66 (29.7%) were resistant to one or more antimicrobials, and half of these resistant isolates showed a multidrug resistance phenotype (resistance to at least three different drug classes)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320975/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ulcerative-colitis-case-report
#5
H Elsayed Mansour, S G Arafa, W Abdelfatah Shehata
A 30-year-old female presented to the rheumatology outpatient clinic of the Internal Medicine Department, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, complaining of a large right leg ulcer consistent with pyoderma gangrenosum. There was history of recurrent attacks of bleeding per rectum of one-year duration. During hospitalization she noticed blurring of vision in the left eye with diffuse blackish discoloration of the feet and toes, consistent with small-vessel vasculitis. Colonoscopy with biopsy and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease-ulcerative colitis (IBD-UC)...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320814/genotypic-identification-of-cystoisospora-in-immunocompromised-patients-using-tm-variation-analysis
#6
Maha M A Basyoni, Hany Ahmed Fouad Elghobary
Cystoisospora is responsible for morbidity in immunocompromised patients. PCR is sensitive for diagnosing Cystoisospora; however, it needs reevaluation for differential molecular diagnosis of cystoisosporiasis. We aimed at evaluating melting curve analysis (MCA) after real-time PCR (qPCR) in diagnosis and genotyping of Cystoisospora as an alternative to conventional PCR. We included 293 diarrheic stool samples of patients attending the Department of Clinical Oncology and Nuclear Medicine of Cairo University Hospitals, Egypt...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320783/wt1-gene-mutation-p-r462w-in-a-46-xy-dsd-patient-from-egypt-with-gonadoblastoma-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Inas Mazen, Heba Hassan, Alaa Kamel, Mona Mekkawy, Ken McElreavey, Mona Essawi
WT1 gene mutations have been described in 46,XY patients with ambiguous genitalia or complete gonadal dysgenesis with or without Wilms' tumor, nephropathy, gonadoblastoma, and other defects, e.g., cryptorchidism or hypospadias. p.R462W is a hot spot mutation in exon 9 and is the most common mutation in patients with Denys-Drash syndrome. However, in this study we report an Egyptian patient with a novel phenotype carrying the p.R462W mutation. We also review the heterogeneity of phenotypes of previously reported patients with the p...
January 11, 2018: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319511/study-of-patterns-and-markers-of-human-immune-deficiency-virus-1-hiv-1-progression-and-unemployment-rate-among-patients-from-alexandria-egypt
#8
Faika M Ghoneim, May M Raouf, Noha S Elshaer, Sarah M Abdelhamid, Reem A Noor Eldeen
Middle East and North Africa (MENA) new HIV cases show the highest increase among all regions in the world. Even though Egypt has a low prevalence among the general population (< 0.02%), a national HIV epidemic occurs in certain population risk groups. The current study was conducted to asses clinical and immunological disease progression; following up viral load (VL) and detecting delta-32 CCR5 genotype polymorphism in selected cases, determining unemployment rate and identify predictors of employment for HIV-cases...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319510/metallo-beta-lactamase-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-a-healthcare-setting-in-alexandria-egypt
#9
Amani F Abaza, Soraya A El Shazly, Heba S A Selim, Gehan S A Aly
Pseudomonas aeruginosa has emerged as a major healthcare associated pathogen that creates a serious public health disaster in both developing and developed countries. In this work we aimed at studying the occurrence of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing P. aeruginosa in a healthcare setting in Alexandria, Egypt. This cross sectional study included 1583 clinical samples that were collected from patients admitted to Alexandria University Students' Hospital. P. aeruginosa isolates were identified using standard microbiological methods and were tested for their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns using single disc diffusion method according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute recommendations...
September 27, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316992/child-nutritional-status-in-egypt-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-socioeconomic-determinants-using-a-quantile-regression-approach
#10
Mesbah Fathy Sharaf, Elhussien Ibrahim Mansour, Ahmed Shoukry Rashad
This study examined the underlying demographic and socioeconomic determinants of child nutritional status in Egypt using data from the most recent round of the Demographic and Health Survey. The height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) was used as a measure of child growth. A quantile regression approach was used to allow for a heterogeneous effect of each determinant along different percentiles of the conditional distribution of the HAZ. A nationally representative sample of 13,682 children aged 0-4 years was drawn from the 2014 Egypt DHS...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314351/epidemiology-of-dermatophyte-infections-among-school-children-in-menoufia-governorate-egypt
#11
Azza G A Farag, Mostafa A Hammam, Reda A Ibrahim, Reda Z Mahfouz, Nada F Elnaidany, Masroor Qutubuddin, Rehab R E Tolba
BACKGROUND: Most superficial mycotic infections of human skin are due to dermatophytes. Children are frequently affected due to different predisposing factors, particularly overcrowding in classrooms. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of dermatophytes infections and their related risk factors among school children in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Six public primary and preparatory schools were randomly selected and their pupils (n= 3464) were asked to complete a predesigned questionnaire covering both personal data and suspected risk factors for superficial dermatophyte infections...
January 4, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314234/institutional-setting-and-wealth-gradients-in-cesarean-delivery-rates-evidence-from-six-developing-countries
#12
Ardeshir Sepehri
BACKGROUND: The influence of the type of institutional setting on cesarean delivery is well documented. However, the traditional boundaries between public and private providers have become increasingly blurred with the commercialization of the state health sector that allows providers to tailor the quantity and quality of care according to patients' ability to pay. This study examined wealth-related variations in cesarean rates in six lower- and upper-middle income countries: the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Guatemala, Jordan, Pakistan, and the Philippines...
January 4, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312725/contributing-factors-to-the-outcome-of-primary-malignant-chest-wall-tumors
#13
Abdel Rahman Mohamed Abdel Rahman, Mohamed Rahouma, Rabab Gaafar, Sherif Bahaa, Iman Loay, Mohamed Kamel, Hoda Abdelbaki, Maha Yahia
Background: Primary malignant chest-wall tumors (PMCWTs) are a heterogeneous group of tumors. They require a special experience in designing resection and reconstruction. They account for less than 1% of all primary malignant tumors. This study is designed to clarify different factors contributing to the outcome of patients with PMCWTs in our institution. Methods: A retrospective study included 98 patients with pathology proven PMCWTs, treated at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cairo University, Egypt, during the past 10 years...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311439/psychosocial-work-environment-and-oxidative-stress-among-nurses
#14
Eman A Salem, Sabah M Ebrahem
BackgroundWork stress among nurses has increased in recent years due to the demands of clinical nursingObjectives:To investigate psychosocial work stress among nurses using the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model with assessment malondialdehyde (MDA) as an oxidative stress marker and total antioxidants.MethodsThe present study was conducted on 204 registered nurses worked at two tertiary hospitals in Menoufia governorate, Egypt through the period from the 1st of February to the end of July 2016. Two questionnaires were applied including general demographic and occupational histories as well as effort-reward questionnaire...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300956/awareness-and-practice-of-patient-rights-from-a-patient-perspective-an-insight-from-upper-egypt
#15
Eman Sameh Mohammed, Amany Edward Seedhom, Eman Ramadan Ghazawy
Objectives: To assess the patients' awareness of their rights, the predictors of knowledge of patients' rights and the degree of adherence to these rights by the medical team from the patients' perspective. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: Minia University Hospital, Minia, Egypt. Participants: Hospitalized patients in Minia University Hospital, from 1 January to 1 February 2017. Methods: In total, 514 patients were interviewed during their hospital stay...
December 29, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299284/comparative-population-genetic-structure-of-redbelly-tilapia-coptodon-zillii-gervais-1848-from-three-different-aquatic-habitats-in-egypt
#16
Taha Soliman, Walid Aly, Reda M Fahim, Michael L Berumen, Holger Jenke-Kodama, Giacomo Bernardi
Recently, tilapia have become increasingly important in aquaculture and fisheries worldwide. They are one of the major protein sources in many African countries and are helping to combat malnutrition. Therefore, maintenance and conservation genetics of wild populations of tilapia are of great significance. In this study, we report the population genetic structure and genetic diversity of the redbelly tilapia (Coptodon zillii) in three different Egyptian aquatic environments: brackish (Lake Idku), marine (Al-Max Bay), and freshwater (Lake Nasser)...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298099/propidium-monoazide-quantitative-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-enumeration-of-some-viable-but-nonculturable-foodborne-bacteria-in-meat-and-meat-products
#17
Norhan Khairy Abd El-Aziz, Yasmine Hasanine Tartor, Ahlam Abd El-Aziz Gharib, Ahmed Mohamed Ammar
Foodborne infections due to bacterial pathogens are increasing worldwide. Given the surreptitious nature of viable but nonculturable (VBNC) bacteria, they largely remain a threat to public health and food safety due to their non-detectability through conventional plate count techniques. Hence, species-specific quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (qPCR) alone and combined with the use of propidium monoazide (PMA) was used along with the plate count method to quantify VBNC Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Clostridium perfringens, and Enterobacteriaceae in fresh and processed meat samples...
January 3, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297723/uveitis-referral-pattern-in-upper-and-lower-egypt
#18
Eiman Abd El Latif, Hatem Ammar
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of uveitis in two referral eye hospitals, one in Upper Egypt and another in Lower Egypt Methods: Retrospective chart review of all uveitis cases visiting the uveitis clinic in Alexandria and Sohag University Hospitals between May 2010 and March 2017. RESULTS: A total of 1315 patients (683 in Upper Egypt and 632 in Lower Egypt) were identified. Uveitis was bilateral in 56.6% of patients in Upper Egypt and in 43.6% of patients in Lower Egypt...
January 3, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296060/short-term-outcomes-of-transcatheter-closure-of-secundum-atrial-septal-defect-in-children-and-adolescents-an-experience-of-two-centers-in-upper-egypt
#19
Safaa H Ali, Amal El Sisi, Duaa M Raafat, Salah-Eldin Amry, Sharaf E D Mahamoud
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute and short-term outcomes of transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) in children and adolescents in the first 4-year experience in two institutional centers in Upper Egypt. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study including 135 children and adolescents who underwent ASD closure between April 2012 and May 2016. A review of the acute and short-term outcomes and adverse events was performed...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295801/prevalence-of-idiopathic-epilepsy-among-school-children-in-gharbia-governorate-egypt
#20
Azza Kamal Alshahawy, Amira Hamed Darwish, Safynaz Elsaid Shalaby, Wegdan Mawlana
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders among children. Data about its prevalence in Egypt is limited. Our aim was to study the prevalence of idiopathic epilepsy among school children in Gharbia governorate, Egypt. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A Cross-sectional school-based survey study was conducted; a validated screening questionnaire was distributed among urban and rural primary and preparatory school children. Students with suspected epilepsy were subjected to clinical evaluation, Electroencephalogram (EEG), and neuroimaging...
December 30, 2017: Brain & Development
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