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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922239/cleft-lip-and-palate-an-experience-of-a-developing-center-in-egypt
#1
Tarek A Abulezz
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate is the most common congenital anomaly in the head and neck region. These clefts are not just a distortion of the normal appearance, but they may impose a major influence on the whole patient's life, both functionally and psychologically. Clefts affect feeding, teething, hearing, speech, and social communication. The incidence of cleft lip and palate is variable in different countries and different communities. The surgical correction of cleft lip and palate went through many evolutions, but still there is no single universal protocol of repair; however, many European countries have adopted national protocols and have established cleft centers for the management and follow up of affected population...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921008/molecular-characterization-of-very-virulent-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-strains-circulating-in-egypt-from-2003-to-2014
#2
Awad A Shehata, Hesham Sultan, Mohammed Y Halami, Shaimaa Talaat, Thomas W Vahlenkamp
In the present study, four very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) isolates from flocks of chickens with vaccination failure in Egypt in 2003, 2007, 2010 and 2014 were characterized. The four viruses, designated USC2003, USC2007, USC2010 and USC2014, were detected by reverse transcription PCR, subjected to sequencing of both genomic segments (A and B) and compared with geographically and phylogenetically diverse IBDV strains. Phylogenetic analysis of segment A (complete) and B (partial) revealed a close relationship between Egyptian and vvIBDV reference strains of European and Asian origin...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919693/antimicrobial-activity-of-yeasts-against-some-pathogenic-bacteria
#3
Gamal Younis, Amal Awad, Rehab E Dawod, Nehal E Yousef
AIM: This study was designed to isolate and identify yeast species from milk and meat products, and to test their antimicrobial activity against some bacterial species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 160 milk and meat products samples were collected from random sellers and super markets in New Damietta city, Damietta, Egypt. Samples were subjected to yeast isolation procedures and tested for its antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919682/prevalence-of-fascioliasis-liver-flukes-infection-in-cattle-and-buffaloes-slaughtered-at-the-municipal-abattoir-of-el-kharga-egypt
#4
Nagwa T Elshraway, Wafaa G Mahmoud
AIM: The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of fascioliasis infections in cattle and buffaloes, slaughtered in El-Kharga city slaughterhouse at New Valley Governorate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The slaughtered animals were daily inspected for liver fascioliasis allover 2016. Macroscopic fascioliasis was detected from a total of 2251 basing on animals specie, sex, season, and Fasciola spp. in addition to microscopic examination of blood, fecal samples which collected from female cattle and buffalo (50 each)...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919671/detection-of-staphylococcus-aureus-enterotoxigenic-strains-in-bovine-raw-milk-by-reversed-passive-latex-agglutination-and-multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction
#5
Asmaa Samy Mansour, Gad El-Said Wagih, Sabry D Morgan, Mahmoud Elhariri, Mona A El-Shabrawy, Azza S M Abuelnaga, E A Elgabry
AIM: This review gives an outline of the assessment of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus tainting levels in raw milk from different sources in Egypt and characterization of enterotoxigenic strains utilizing a technique in light of PCR to identify genes coding for the production of staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE). The obtained data were compared with results from the application of the reversed passive latex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiplex PCR and reversed passive latex agglutination (RPLA) were used...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919321/clinicopathological-pattern-and-outcome-of-pediatric-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-south-egypt-cancer-institute-experience
#6
Amany Ali, Heba Sayed, Mohamed Salem, Mohamed Hamdy, Amro Farok
BACKGROUND: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) are rare and represent 1-1.5% of all cancers in children and adolescents. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinicopathological pattern at presentation and management and outcome of MOGCTs in children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study included all girls diagnosed with MOGCTs between January 2005 and January 2015 in Pediatric and Surgical Oncology Departments at South Egypt Cancer Institute, Assiut University...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918558/colorimetric-detection-of-unamplified-rift-valley-fever-virus-genetic-material-using-unmodified-gold-nanoparticles
#7
Mostafa R Zaher, Hanaa A Ahmed, Kareem E Z Hamada, Reham H Tammam
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is considered an enzootic virus in Africa. RVFV has caused several outbreaks in Egypt, sub-Saharan Africa and the Arabian Peninsula and is responsible for high mortality in ruminants and haemorrhagic fever in severe human cases. Although there are several molecular and serological diagnostic techniques used to detect this arthropod-borne virus with high sensitivity and efficiency, there is a need for a fast and reliable field screening test for rapid outbreak recording and containment...
September 16, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915990/-a-boy-would-be-friends-with-boys-%C3%A2-and-a-girl-%C3%A2-with-girls-gender-norms-in-early-adolescent-friendships-in-egypt-and-belgium
#8
Ghada Al-Attar, Sara De Meyer, Omaima El-Gibaly, Kristien Michielsen, Lydia H Animosa, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: A gender analysis was conducted to illuminate the key elements of friendships highlighted by early adolescent girls and boys in two sites for the purpose of better understanding the impact of gender norms on adolescent friendships in different contexts. METHODS: Narrative interviews with early adolescents were conducted in two sites: Assiut, Egypt (n = 37) and Ghent, Belgium (n = 30). The interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated into English, and coded using Atlas...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915986/exploration-of-gender-norms-and-socialization-among-early-adolescents-the-use-of-qualitative-methods-for-the-global-early-adolescent-study
#9
REVIEW
Kristin Mmari, Robert W Blum, Rebkha Atnafou, Elisa Chilet, Sara de Meyer, Omaima El-Gibaly, Sharmista Basu, Bamidele Bello, Beatrice Maina, Xiayun Zuo
PURPOSE: The Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS) was launched in 2014 with the primary goal of understanding the factors in early adolescence that predispose young people to subsequent sexual risks, and conversely, those that promote healthy sexuality across different cultural contexts. The present article describes the methodology that was used for the first phase of GEAS, which consisted of conducting qualitative research to understand the gendered transitions into adolescence and the role that gender norms play within the key relationships of adolescents...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915859/the-fto-gene-polymorphism-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-egyptian-females-a-case-control-study
#10
Mina S Khella, Nadia M Hamdy, Ashraf I Amin, Hala O El-Mesallamy
BACKGROUND: Variations within fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene had crosstalk with obesity risk in European and some Asian populations. This study was designed to investigate FTO rs9939609 association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) as well as biochemical parameters as plasma glucose, serum triacylglycerol (TAG), total cholesterol (TC) and transaminases enzymes in Arab female population from Egypt. METHODS: In order to achieve that, FTO gene rs9939609 (A < T) was genotyped using TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assay in a total of 197 females which were enrolled in this study...
September 16, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911637/safety-of-frozen-liver-for-human-consumption
#11
Ghada A K Kirrella, Azza M M Deeb, Reda Mohamed Ibrahim Abdallah
The objective of this study was to ensure and evaluate the safety of imported frozen beef liver traded in supermarkets of Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate, Egypt, through detection of Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella enteritidies, Escherichia coli O157:H7, antibiotic residues, and aflatoxin B1 residue. Fifty samples of imported frozen liver were randomly collected from different shops at Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate for isolation of S. typhimurium, S. enteritidies, and E. coli O157:H7. The results revealed that for both microorganisms 4% of the examined samples presumed to contain Salmonella and E...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903757/access-to-medicines-and-hepatitis-c-in-africa-can-tiered-pricing-and-voluntary-licencing-assure-universal-access-health-equity-and-fairness
#12
Yibeltal Assefa, Peter S Hill, Anar Ulikpan, Owain D Williams
BACKGROUND: The recent introduction of Direct Acting Antivirals (DAAs) for treating Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) can significantly assist in the world reaching the international target of elimination by 2030. Yet, the challenge facing many individuals and countries today lies with their ability to access these treatments due to their relatively high prices. Gilead Sciences applies differential pricing and licensing strategies arguing that this provides fairer and more equitable access to these life-saving medicines...
September 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901179/visualizing-a-monumental-past-archeology-nasser-s-egypt-and-the-early-cold-war
#13
William Carruthers
This article examines geographies of decolonization and the Cold War through a case study in the making of archeological knowledge. The article focuses on an archeological dig that took place in Egypt in the period between the July 1952 Free Officers' coup and the 1956 Suez crisis. Making use of the notion of the 'boundary object', this article demonstrates how the excavation of ancient Egyptian remains at the site of Mit Rahina helped to constitute Nasserist revolutionary modernity and its relationship to wider, post-Second World War political geographies...
September 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900865/genetic-counseling-in-primary-immunodeficiency-disorders-an-emerging-experience-in-egypt
#14
Rabab E El Hawary, Safa S Meshaal, Dalia S Abd Elaziz, Marwa A Elsharkawy, Radwa S Alkady, Sohilla Lotfy, Ahmad El-Sheikhah, Amr Hassan, Nermeen M Galal, Jeannette A Boutros, Aisha M Elmarsafy
BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases of the immune system leading to life-threatening infections, and, unless urgently treated with immune reconstitution, patients do not usually survive. With the continuing progress in molecular diagnosis, many mutations have been described in more than 300 genes. Genetic counseling has recently been considered an essential part of the management of PIDs. This study presents the experience of genetic counseling services in the largest PID center in Egypt, and reports on our management plan and the impact of prenatal diagnosis (PND) on families...
September 12, 2017: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895674/activity-of-cesium-137cs-and-potassium-content-in-new-potatoes-imported-to-poland
#15
Wanda Wadas, Elżbieta Królak, Jadwiga Karwowska
Background: Potatoes are an important component of the human diet. In addition to components which determine the nutrition and dietary values, potato tubers also contain anti-nutritional substances, inter alia radioactive elements. Natural and artifical radionuclides are released to the environment as a result of antropogenic activity, in a controlled or uncontrolled manner, and they are transferred to the human body through the food chain. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the activity of radioactive cesium 137Cs isotope and potassium content, including the activity of 40K isotope, in new potatoes imported to Poland during the winter period from Mediterranean countries...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894549/predictive-value-of-copeptin-as-a-severity-marker-of-community-acquired-pneumonia
#16
Gamal Baheeg Mohamed, Madeha Abdellah Saed, Abdelhakeem Abdelmohsen Abdelhakeem, Kalid Salah, Abdelrahman Mamdouh Saed
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children. Few studies have explored the predictive value of copeptin in pediatric pneumonia. AIM: This study aimed to assess the role of copeptin as a marker of severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: This prospective case-control study was carried out at Minia University Children's Hospital in Minia (Egypt) from January to December 2016. Eighty children aged from 2 months to 42 months were enrolled in this study and were classified into group 1 (40 children with clinical, laboratory and radiological evidence of pneumonia) and group 2 (40 apparently healthy control)...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894489/respiratory-training-in-egypt
#17
Maged Hassan, Hany Shaarawy, Anwar El-Ganady
In Egypt, respiratory medicine (more commonly termed "chest diseases") is regarded as a separate speciality rather than a subspecialty of internal medicine. All graduates of Egyptian Medical Schools have to complete a year of internship at teaching hospitals rotating between different medical and surgical departments. Following internship and obtaining licence to practice, doctors are required to work for 6-12 months at primary healthcare facilities around the country. At the end of this period, a doctor can start their specialty training; the choice of which depends on the cumulative score they achieved at medical school...
September 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891598/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-benign-and-malignant-laryngeal-lesions-in-egyptian-patients-cross-sectional-study
#18
Peter Milad, Hany Kassamy, Anas Askoura, Soha Auelela, Ramy Salem, Dina Ragab
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of HPV in benign and malignant laryngeal lesions among Egyptian patients. DESIGN: Observational analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ain Shams University hospital, Otorhinolaryngology department. PARTICIPANTS: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens of 126 patients (70 benign laryngeal lesions and 56 squamous cell carcinoma lesions) were assessed for the presence of HPV DNA using MY09/11 PCR-based DNA detection...
September 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888656/molecular-characterization-of-circulating-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-fmdv-serotype-o-topotype-ea-3-and-serotype-a-african-topotype-genotype-iv-in-egypt-2016
#19
Mohamed A Soltan, Ali H Negmaldin, Mohamed M El-Diasty, Shimaa M G Mansour, Maha A Elbadry, Rebecca P Wilkes
In January-April 2016, cattle and buffalo farm owners and veterinarians reported clinical signs suggestive of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) outbreaks among non-vaccinated cattle and buffalo herds in Egypt. The clinical disease observed was either mild (small oral lesions and speedy recovery) or severe (extensive oral lesions and/or mortalities), and the form of the disease (either mild or severe) segregated by farm. This study aimed to confirm the presence of FMDV and to characterize the circulating strains associated with the outbreaks...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886213/prospective-study-of-the-effect-of-maternal-body-mass-index-on-labor-progress-in-nulliparous-women-in-egypt
#20
Ahmed M Maged, Doaa S Belal, Heba M Marie, Hamsa Rashwan, Suzy Abdelaziz, Amir A Gabr, Ahmed R Elzayat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) on labor progress in nulliparous women. METHODS: The present prospective cohort study enrolled primigravidae admitted to Kasr Al Ainy hospital, Cairo University, Egypt, during active labor between February 1, 2016, and February 28, 2017. Patients were classified into three equal groups using their BMI at admission: underweight (<18...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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