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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100939/management-of-liver-trauma-in-minia-university-hospital-egypt
#1
Abdel Fattah Saleh, Emad Al Sageer, Amr Elheny
The aim of this study is to present the outcome of operative and non-operative management of patients with liver injury treated in a single institution depending on imaging. This study was conducted at the Causality Unit of Minia University Hospital, and included 60 patients with hepatic trauma from March 2012 to January 2013. In our study, males represent 80 % while females represent 20 % of the traumatized patients. The peak age for trauma found was 11-30 years. Blunt trauma is the most common cause of liver injury as it was the cause in 48 patients (80 %)...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099759/usefulness-of-the-who-c-model-to-optimize-the-cesarean-delivery-rate-in-a-tertiary-hospital-setting
#2
Hany Abdel-Aleem, Atef Darwish, Ahmad A Abdelaleem, Manal Mansur
OBJECTIVE: To assess use of the C-Model in a tertiary hospital setting in terms of its validity and utility for optimizing the cesarean delivery (CD) rate. METHODS: A prospective observational study included women admitted for delivery at a university teaching hospital in Assiut, Egypt, in 2015. The women were asked about the demographic and obstetric information needed to calculate the probability of CD using the WHO C-Model. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve comparing the predicted and observed CD rates was constructed...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099750/intrapartum-fetal-head-circumference-and-estimated-fetal-weight-as-predictors-of-operative-delivery
#3
Noha H Rabei, Amr M El-Helaly, Amr H Farag, Ahmed K El-Naggar, Mohamed K Etman, Moataz M El-Moteily
OBJECTIVE: To assess intrapartum sonographic measurements of fetal head circumference (HC) and estimated fetal weight (EFW) to predict operative delivery. METHODS: In a prospective study, 200 spontaneously parturient primiparous women aged 20-30 years were enrolled at a teaching hospital in Cairo, Egypt, between October 2, 2015, and January 28, 2016. HC and EFW were measured by transabdominal ultrasonography. After delivery, the association between type of delivery and ultrasonography findings was assessed...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099727/association-of-biochemical-markers-with-the-severity-of-pre-eclampsia
#4
Ahmed M Maged, Gamal Aid, Nehal Bassiouny, Doaa S Eldin, Sherif Dahab, Nevein K Ghamry
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pre-eclampsia severity and biochemical and ultrasonography markers. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of women with severe pre-eclampsia (group 1, n=90), mild pre-eclampsia (group 2, n=90), or a normal pregnancy (group 3, n=90) who attended a hospital in Egypt in October 2013-April 2015. Associations between pre-eclampsia and biochemical, cardiotocography, and ultrasonography markers were investigated. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the groups in C-reactive protein (331...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099717/maternal-serum-amyloid-a-level-as-a-novel-marker-of-primary-unexplained-recurrent-early-pregnancy-loss
#5
Moustafa I Ibrahim, Ahmed R Ramy, Ahmed S Abdelhamid, Mohamed I Ellaithy, Amna Omar, Rany M Harara, Hayam Fathy, Ashraf S Abolouz
OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal serum amyloid A (SAA) levels among women with primary unexplained recurrent early pregnancy loss (REPL). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted among women with missed spontaneous abortion in the first trimester at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, between January 21 and December 25, 2014. Women with at least two consecutive primary unexplained REPLs and no previous live births were enrolled. A control group was formed of women with no history of REPL who had at least one previous uneventful pregnancy with no adverse outcomes...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099683/angiogenesis-mediators-in-women-with-idiopathic-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#6
Osama A Elkilani, Mohamed A Soliman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) and mature endothelial cells in patients with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). METHODS: In a prospective observational study, women with idiopathic HMB and control individuals attending Menoufia University Hospital, Egypt, between August 2015 and January 2016 were enrolled. The inclusion criteria were a regular menstrual cycle, a normal coagulation study, and no anomalous ultrasonographic or hysteroscopic findings...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098111/incidence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-seroconversion-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-nile-delta-of-egypt-a-single-center-study
#7
Amany Talaat Kamal, Mohamed Nazmy Farres, Abeer Mohamed Eissa, Naglaa Ahmed Arafa, Raafat Saad Abdel-Reheem
Egypt has the highest worldwide prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, caused in part by nosocomial transmission. Patients on hemodialysis (HD) are at especially high risk of infection. We aimed to estimate the incidence of seroconversion among HCV-negative patients undergoing regular HD at a unit in a large public hospital in the Nile Delta of Egypt, which implements the Egyptian Ministry of Health guidelines for infection control, and an isolation policy for hepatitis-positive patients. We also assessed the adherence to infection control practices and evaluated nurses and physicians' knowledge and attitude toward infection control procedures...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098110/hepatitis-c-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-single-center-egypt
#8
Doaa Mohammed Youssef, Hanaa Abdo, Ahmed Alakhras, Tamer Adham, Abdelnasser Hussien Mohamoud
Prevalence of hepatitis C varies largely according to geographical distribution, and Egypt so far has the highest prevalence worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate hepatitis C infection in chronic kidney disease (CKD) children in our center with regard to its incidence and other morbidities. This is a cross-sectional study involving 50 children with CKD, not on dialysis. All patients underwent a thorough history taking including disease duration and mean duration of admission, clinical examination including blood pressure measurements, and routine laboratory examination such as hemoglobin level, serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), urea, and creatinine...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096853/microsporidial-spores-in-fecal-samples-of-some-domesticated-animals-living-in-giza-egypt
#9
Ahmad Z Al-Herrawy, Mahmoud A Gad
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present work was to investigate the prevalence and species of intestinal microsporidiosis among animals in Giza, Egypt. METHODS: A total of 869 animal fecal samples were collected from domesticated animals (dogs, cats, rabbits, cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, donkeys and pigs) living in Giza, Egypt. Spores of microsporidia were concentrated from collected samples by centrifugation and finally stained with modified trichrome (MT) stain to detect microsporidial spores...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096622/survey-on-sarcocystis-in-bovine-carcasses-slaughtered-at-the-municipal-abattoir-of-el-kharga-egypt
#10
Ali Meawad Ahmed, Nagwa Thabet Elshraway, Ahmed Ibrahim Youssef
AIM: The main objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of Sarcocystis sp. infection in cattle and buffalo carcasses slaughtered at El-Kharga abattoir, New Valley Governorate, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The slaughtered animals were daily inspected for Sarcocystis macrocysts through a year (2015). Macroscopic Sarcocystis was detected from a total of 2120 cattle and buffalo carcasses. In addition, 100 meat samples were collected from female cattle and buffalo (50 each) and were examined microscopically for sarcocystosis...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096619/detection-identification-and-differentiation-of-sheep-pox-virus-and-goat-pox-virus-from-clinical-cases-in-giza-governorate-egypt
#11
M A Mahmoud, M H Khafagi
AIM: To isolate, identify, and differentiate Capripoxviruses (CaPV) (sheep pox virus and goat pox virus) infections by egg inoculation, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and 30 kDa RNA polymerase subunit gene-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (RPO30) in clinically affected animals in Hawamdia township of Giza Governorate, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 37 scab samples were collected from clinically suspected field cases of sheep pox and goat pox...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096617/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-locally-isolated-salmonella-strains-used-in-preparation-of-salmonella-antigens-in-egypt
#12
Hazem Mohammed Ibrahim, Dalia Ahmed Mohammed Abd El-Moaty, Hanan Ali Ahmed, Mona Ibrahim El-Enbaawy
AIM: This work was conducted to study the phenotypic and genotypic characterization of locally isolated Salmonella strains (Salmonella Pullorum, Salmonella Enteritidis, and Salmonella Typhimurium) from poultry used in the preparation of Salmonella antigens in Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The phenotypic characterization of Salmonella strains was done using standard microbiological, biochemical, and serological techniques. Molecular identification was done using different sets of primers on different genes using different polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096605/molecular-and-epidemiological-updates-on-cystic-echinococcosis-infecting-water-buffaloes-from-egypt
#13
Ibrahim Abbas
AIM: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) represents a serious parasitic disease at both animal and public health levels. The majority of reports negated the CE infection in buffaloes from Egypt; however, one study illustrated their infection with G6 genotype (camel strain). The present work contributed to update the epidemiological and molecular knowledge about CE infecting this economically important animal for better understanding of its role in maintaining the Echinococcus life cycle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 slaughtered water buffaloes at Mansoura abattoir, Dakahlia province, Egypt, were inspected for the existence of hydatid cysts...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095910/profile-of-bioactive-compounds-in-nymphaea-alba-l-leaves-growing-in-egypt-hepatoprotective-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activity
#14
Riham Omar Bakr, Mona Mohamed El-Naa, Soumaya Saad Zaghloul, Mahmoud Mohamed Omar
BACKGROUND: Nymphaea alba L. represents an interesting field of study. Flowers have antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects, rhizomes constituents showed cytotoxic activity against liver cell carcinoma, while several Nymphaea species have been reported for their hepatoprotective effects. Leaves of N. alba have not been studied before. Therefore, in this study, in-depth characterization of the leaf phytoconstituents as well as its antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities have been performed where N...
January 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095288/cytomegalovirus-immunoglobulin-g-avidity-index-among-blood-donors-in-alexandria-egypt
#15
Aleya Abdel Gawad, Mona Hashish, Amani Abaza, Aisha El-Kayal
BACKGROUND: Transfusion transmitted diseases (TTD) are a major challenge to transfusion services all over the world. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is considered one of the main viruses associated with blood transfusion. As CMV screening is not included in routine screening tests done for donated blood in blood banks in Egypt, the detection of CMV Immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity needs to be tested for being a useful tool to diagnose recent infection among blood donors. The aim of this work was to study CMV IgG avidity index (AI) among blood donors...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094467/chemical-composition-and-biological-activities-of-the-essential-oil-from-leaves-and-flowers-of-pulicaria-incisa-sub-candolleana-growing-in-egypt
#16
Esraa A Shahat, Riham O Bakr, Omayma A Eldahshan, Nahla A Ayoub
The composition of the essential oil isolated from leaves and flowers of Pulicaria incisa sub. candolleana E.Gamal-Eldin was analysed by GC and GC-MS. Forty-nine and sixty-eight compounds were identified from the oils of the leaves and flowers accounting for 86.69% and 84.29%, respectively of the total detected constituents. Both leaves and flowers oils were characterized by the high content of each carvotanacetone with 66.01%, 50.87% and chrysanthenone 13.26%, 24.3% respectively. The cytotoxic activity of both essential oils was evaluated against hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HEPG-2, using MTT assay and vinblastine as a reference drug...
January 17, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094451/development-of-diversity-arrays-technology-markers-as-a-tool-for-rapid-genomic-assessment-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#17
C E Lind, A Kilian, J A H Benzie
The development of genomic markers is described for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, using the Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) genotype-by-sequencing platform. A total of 13 215 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and 12 490 silicoDArT (dominant) markers were identified from broodstock of two selective breeding programs [Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) strain from Malaysia and the Abbassa strain from Egypt]. Over 10 000 SNPs were polymorphic in either strain, and 2985 and 3087 showed strain-specific polymorphisms for the GIFT and Abbassa strains respectively...
January 17, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093543/intestinal-parasite-infections-and-accuracy-of-direct-thin-and-thick-smear-formol-ether-sedimentation-centrifugal-flotation-and-mini-flotac-techniques-among-patients-with-gastrointestinal-tract-disorders-from-the-greater-cairo-region-egypt
#18
Atef H Hussein, Samia M Rashed, Ibrahim A El-Hayawan, Nagwa S Ali, Eman A Abou Ouf, Amira T Ali
The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency of intestinal parasitic infection among patients with gastrointestinal tract disorders from the Greater Cairo region, Egypt. In addition, a comparison was made of the accuracy of direct thin and thick smear, formol-ether sedimentation (FEC), centrifugal flotation (CF), and mini-FLOTAC techniques in the diagnosis of infection. Out of 100 patients, the overall prevalence of parasitic infection was 51%. Only 6% had dual infection. Giardia lamblia was the most common parasite (26%), followed by Hymenolepis nana (20%), Entamoeba coli (8%), and Enterobius vermicularis (3%)...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093541/association-of-toll-like-receptor-3-and-toll-like-receptor-9-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-hepatic-fibrosis-in-egyptian-patients
#19
Rania A Zayed, Dalia Omran, Doha A Mokhtar, Zinab Zakaria, Sameera Ezzat, Mohamed A Soliman, Lamiaa Mobarak, Hossam El-Sweesy, Ghada Emam
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are recognized as fundamental contributors to the immune system function against infections. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a global health problem especially in Egypt having the highest HCV prevalence worldwide where HCV infection is a continuing epidemic. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible association between genetic variation in TLR-3 and TLR-9 and HCV infection and hepatic fibrosis in chronic HCV-positive Egyptian patients. The present study included 100 naïve chronic HCV-positive patients and 100 age- and sex-matched healthy controls...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088498/vaginal-misoprostol-prior-to-intrauterine-device-insertion-in-women-delivered-only-by-elective-cesarean-section-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#20
Mohamed S Abdellah, Ahmed M Abbas, Aml M Hegazy, Ihab M El-Nashar
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate if vaginal misoprostol (400 mcg) administered prior to intrauterine device (IUD) insertion increase the ease and success of insertion among women who had delivered only by elective Cesarean delivery (CD). STUDY DESIGN: The current study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, conducted in Assiut Women's Health Hospital, Egypt between the 1st of April 2015 and the 31st of March 2016 included women delivered only by elective CD...
January 11, 2017: Contraception
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