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Refeeding syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924116/transient-left-ventricular-contractile-dysfunction-during-the-treatment-of-rhabdomyolysis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Toshihiro Tsuruda, Nozomi Shinohara, Miyuki Ogata, Kazuo Kitamura, Hidenobu Ochiai
Transient left ventricular contractile dysfunction (TLVCD) is often observed as a result of stress-related cardiomyopathy; however, recent reports suggest that rhabdomyolysis and eating disorders can also induce the development of TLVCD. We report a 52-year-old malnourished man who developed acute heart failure on day 4 of treatment for rhabdomyolysis. Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed severe hypokinesis at the apical and mid-ventricular segments, except for the basal segments of the left ventricular wall, which recovered within one week...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880351/-refeeding-syndrome-during-alcohol-detoxification
#2
J J S Rutten, H Post, G H de Weert-van Oene, V J A Buwalda
Refeeding syndrome (RS) can occur when malnourished patients are reintroduced to carbohydrates. The symptoms are caused by a combination of electrolyte shifts and fluid retention. Symptoms are wide-ranging; some patients may suffer from harmless muscle cramps, others from more severe neurological and cardiological symptoms that can even lead to death. Although alcohol dependence is a risk factor for the development of RS, little attention is being given to this problem in addiction treatment. In this article we report a case of RS that occurred during alcohol detoxification...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866139/impact-of-caloric-intake-in-critically-ill-patients-with-and-without-refeeding-syndrome-a-retrospective-study
#3
Laura E Olthof, W A C Kristine Koekkoek, Coralien van Setten, Johannes C N Kars, Dick van Blokland, Arthur R H van Zanten
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Refeeding syndrome comprises metabolic disturbances that occur after the reintroduction of feeding after prolonged fasting. Standard care consists of correcting fluid and electrolytes imbalances. Energy intake during refeeding syndrome is heavily debated. This study addresses the effect of caloric intake on outcome during the management of refeeding syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective study among critically ill invasive mechanically ventilated patients admitted for >7 days to a medical-surgical ICU...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812578/throw-caution-to-the-wind-is-refeeding-syndrome-really-a-cause-of-death-in-acute-care
#4
K L Matthews, S M Capra, M A Palmer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Refeeding syndrome (RFS), a life-threatening medical condition, is commonly associated with acute or chronic starvation. While the prevalence of patients at risk of RFS in hospital reportedly ranges from 0 to 80%, the prevalence and types of patients who die as a result of RFS is unknown. We aimed to measure the prevalence rate and examine the case histories of patients who passed away with RFS listed as a cause of death. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Patients were eligible for inclusion provided their death occurred within a Queensland hospital...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744834/extra-adrenal-glucocorticoids-contribute-to-the-postprandial-increase-of-circulating-leptin-in-mice
#5
Yuka Tomabechi, Takeshi Tsuruta, Shinichi Saito, Martin Wabitsch, Kei Sonoyama
Leptin, an adipokine secreted by white adipocytes, is known for its function in regulating food intake and energy expenditure, but the mechanisms regulating its circulating levels is not fully understood. Our previous findings suggest that as yet unidentified humoral factors released from enterocytes are involved. The present study tested glucocorticoids (GCs) as candidate factors. Supplementation of corticosterone and cortisol promoted leptin production in murine adipocytes from the 3T3-L1 cell strain and human adipocytes from the Simpson Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) cell strain, respectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742432/controversies-surrounding-critical-care-nutrition-an-appraisal-of-permissive-underfeeding-protein-and-outcomes
#6
Jayshil J Patel, Robert G Martindale, Stephen A McClave
Over the past few years, numerous studies have called into question the optimal dose, timing, composition, and advancement rate of nutrition during the early acute phase of critical illness. These studies suggest permissive underfeeding with slow advancement may be more beneficial than aggressive full feeding. These counterintuitive results were possibly explained by enhanced autophagy, less hyperglycemia, or prevention of refeeding syndrome. This review underscores the controversies surrounding permissive underfeeding, aims to answer whether permissive underfeeding is appropriate for all critically ill patients, describes the impact of optimal protein delivery on critical care outcomes, discusses nutrition risk, and cogitates on the impact of nutrition on critical care outcomes...
July 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688105/intussusception-in-celiac-disease-is-it-a-common-feature-in-children
#7
Vibhor V Borkar, Ujjal Poddar, Anuj Thakral, Jaya Agarwal, Anshu Srivastava, Surender Kumar Yachha, Sheo Kumar
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are sporadic reports of occurrence of intussusception in celiac disease (CD) but no systematic study yet. We prospectively studied the prevalence and natural history of intussusception in newly diagnosed CD. METHODS: From January 2010 to October 2013, 150 children, diagnosed to have CD on the basis of positive serology and duodenal biopsy, were recruited in this study. Abdominal ultrasonography was done before starting gluten-free diet (GFD) and repeated in those who had intussusception, on day three and then weekly till the resolution of intussusception...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647292/risk-factors-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-malnourished-older-hospitalized-patients
#8
Maryam Pourhassan, Ingeborg Cuvelier, Ilse Gehrke, Christian Marburger, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Dorothee Volkert, Hans-Peter Willschrei, Rainer Wirth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition among older hospitalized persons, it is unknown how many of these malnourished patients are at risk of developing the refeeding syndrome (RFS). In this study, we sought to compare the prevalence and severity of malnutrition among older hospitalized patients with prevalence of known risk factors of RFS. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter-study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to the geriatric acute care ward...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537512/do-patients-with-a-baseline-clinical-condition-warranting-the-cautious-use-of-parenteral-nutrition-develop-subsequent-metabolic-complications
#9
Diana M Solomon, James M Hollands, Laura A Siemianowski, Colleen E Smith, Richard J Song, Angela L Bingham
BACKGROUND: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Adult Nutrition Support Core Curriculum describes clinical conditions that warrant cautious use of parenteral nutrition (CCWCPN). The Core Curriculum authors acknowledge there is no evidence for specific criteria suggested for the clinical conditions. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a baseline CCWCPN on the development of subsequent metabolic complications in patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN)...
June 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531775/a-protocol-for-sustained-reduction-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-and-cost-savings-by-improvement-of-nutritional-care-in-hospitals
#10
Rian van Schaik, Kurt Van den Abeele, Glenn Melsens, Peter Schepens, Truus Lanssens, Bernadette Vlaemynck, Maria Devisch, Theo A Niewold
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition and the use of Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) contribute considerably to hospital costs. Recently, we reported on the introduction of malnutrition screening and monitoring of TPN use in our hospital, which resulted in a large (40%) reduction in TPN and improved quality of nutritional care in two years (2011/12). Here, we aimed to assure continuation of improved care by developing a detailed malnutrition screening and TPN use protocol involving instruction tools for hospital staff, while monitoring the results in the following two years (2013/14)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432843/vitamin-b1-in-critically-ill-patients-needs-and-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Jake T B Collie, Ronda F Greaves, Oliver A H Jones, Que Lam, Glenn M Eastwood, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Thiamine has a crucial role in energy production, and consequently thiamine deficiency (TD) has been associated with cardiac failure, neurological disorders, oxidative stress (lactic acidosis and sepsis) and refeeding syndrome (RFS). This review aims to explore analytical methodologies of thiamine compound quantification and highlight similarities, variances and limitations of current techniques and how they may be relevant to patients. CONTENT: An electronic search of Medline, PubMed and Embase databases for original articles published in peer-reviewed journals was conducted...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289647/central-pontine-myelinolysis-induced-by-alcohol-withdrawal-a-case-report
#12
Jae Ho Kim, Sae Hyun Kim, Ho Joong Jeong, Young Joo Sim, Dong Kyu Kim, Ghi Chan Kim
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a demyelinating disorder characterized by the loss of myelin in the center of the basis pons, and is mainly caused by the rapid correction of hyponatremia. We report the case of a young woman who presented with gait disturbance and alcohol withdrawal, and who was eventually diagnosed with CPM. Generally, the cause and pathogenesis of CPM in chronic alcoholics remain unclear. In this cases, the CPM may be unrelated to hyponatremia or its correction. However, it is possible that the osmotic pressure changes due to refeeding syndrome after alcohol withdrawal was the likely cause in this case...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265411/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-medical-nutritional-rehabilitation-protocol-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#13
Rebecka Peebles, Andrew Lesser, Courtney Cheek Park, Kerri Heckert, C Alix Timko, Eleni Lantzouni, Ronald Liebman, Laurel Weaver
BACKGROUND: Medical stabilization through inpatient nutritional rehabilitation is often necessary for patients with eating disorders (EDs) but includes the inherent risk of refeeding syndrome. Here we describe our experience of implementing and sustaining an inpatient nutritional rehabilitation protocol designed to strategically prepare patients with EDs and their families for discharge to a home setting in an efficient and effective manner from a general adolescent medicine unit. We report outcomes at admission, discharge, and 4-weeks follow-up...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244719/thiamin-and-folic-acid-deficiency-accompanied-by-resistant-electrolyte-imbalance-in-the-re-feeding-syndrome-in-an-elderly-patient
#14
Sibel Ocak Serin, Gulsah Karaoren, Yildiz Okuturlar, Ethem Unal, Seda Ahci, Eda Karakoc, Sema Ucak Basat
INTRODUCTION: Re-feeding Syndrome (RS) is a deadly complication, which can be encountered during "refeeding" of malnourished patients. In these patients, thiamin deficiency may develop and "risk awareness" is the most significant factor in the management of these patients. In this case report, the treatment is presented of an elderly patient who was diagnosed with RS and followed-up in the intensive care unit (ICU) due to resistant fluidelectrolyte imbalance. CASE: An 87-year-old elderly woman was admitted to the hospital due to aspiration pneumonia...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241985/cardiogenic-shock-caused-by-a-left-midventricular-obstruction-during-refeeding-in-a-patient-with-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Yoko Sakamoto, Hidetaka Kioka, Ryota Hashimoto, Saori Takeda, Kota Momose, Tomohito Ohtani, Osamu Yamaguchi, Masafumi Wasa, Satoshi Nakatani, Yasushi Sakata
OBJECTIVE: Refeeding syndrome occurs when reinstating nutrition to severely malnourished patients. It can sometimes be fatal, particularly as a result of cardiac involvement such as congestive heart failure and arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to report a case of cardiogenic shock that occurred during refeeding in a patient with anorexia nervosa (AN). The cardiogenic shock was due to a previously unrecognized mechanism, namely a transient left midventricular obstruction that completely disappeared after treatment...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241984/cardiac-abnormalities-in-the-refeeding-syndrome
#16
EDITORIAL
Martin A Crook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151828/nutrition-in-the-critically-ill-patient
#17
REVIEW
Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Arthur R H van Zanten
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent relevant studies regarding nutrition during critical illness and provide recommendations for clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently acquired knowledge regarding nutritional status and risk assessment, body composition, gastric residual volume, prokinetics, tube positioning, enteral vs parenteral nutrition, nutritional dose and timing of initiation, pharmaconutrition, dysbiosis and probiotics are discussed. SUMMARY: Body composition especially lean body mass is associated with clinical outcomes...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087222/revisiting-the-refeeding-syndrome-results-of-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Natalie Friedli, Zeno Stanga, Lubos Sobotka, Alison Culkin, Jens Kondrup, Alessandro Laviano, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVE: Although described >70 y ago, the refeeding syndrome (RFS) remains understudied with lack of standardized definition and treatment recommendations. The aim of this systematic review was to gather evidence regarding standardized definition, incidence rate and time course of occurrence, association with adverse clinical outcomes, risk factors, and therapeutic strategies to prevent or treat this condition. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for interventional and observational clinical trials focusing on RFS, excluding case reports and reviews...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073792/adult-parenteral-nutrition-in-the-north-of-england-a-region-wide-audit
#19
Jessica K Dyson, Nick Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is widely used to provide nutritional support to patients with inaccessible or inadequate length of gut or non-functioning gut. The objective was to compare practice in PN administration to results of the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD) report, 'A Mixed Bag', and to establish whether good practice was being followed within this part of the UK. SETTING: Using the Northern Nutrition Network (NNN), we examined the care of adult patients receiving PN in all 10 secondary care hospitals in our region...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070675/-refeeding-syndrome-in-geriatric-patients-a-frequently-overlooked-complication
#20
Rainer Wirth, Rebecca Diekmann, Olga Fleiter, Leonhardt Fricke, Annika Kreilkamp, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Christian Marburger, Stefan Nels, Rolf Schaefer, Heinz-Peter Willschrei, Dorothee Volkert
The refeeding syndrome is a life-threatening complication that can occur after initiation of a nutrition therapy in malnourished patients. If the risk factors and pathophysiology are known, the refeeding syndrome can effectively be prevented and treated, if recognized early. A slow increase of food intake and the close monitoring of serum electrolyte levels play an important role. Because the refeeding syndrome is not well known and the symptoms may vary extremely, this complication is poorly recognized, especially against the background of geriatric multimorbidity...
January 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
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