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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778626/factors-underlying-risk-taking-in-heroin-dependent-individuals-feedback-processing-and-environmental-contingencies
#1
Daniella M Saleme, Bruno Kluwe-Schiavon, Abdrabo Soliman, Błażej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Ahmed A Moustafa
Evidence suggests that factors influencing risk-taking include whether decisions are made based on emotions (affective systems) or cognitions (deliberative systems), the processing of feedback (e.g., deciding to attend a rehabilitation facility for opioid addiction treatment after an intervention held by a family member), and attention to environmental contingencies (e.g., considering the probability of an outcome such as the likelihood of contracting tetanus from a shared needle; or the gains and losses associated with a decision, such as the benefits and costs of taking drugs)...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777302/emerging-strategies-in-brca-positive-pancreatic-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Adam Kowalewski, Łukasz Szylberg, Michał Saganek, Wojciech Napiontek, Paulina Antosik, Dariusz Grzanka
PURPOSE: We propose a treatment algorithm for PDAC with particular emphasis on BRCA1 or 2 mutation-positive patients. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest diseases in the United States and Europe. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are among the most common of the known genetic mutations involved in familial PDAC. The optimal chemotherapy regimen to use for BRCA1 or 2 mutation carriers with PDAC is not yet established. As new treatment options emerge, algorithms must balance the need to give the best drugs first with ensuring that there are still beneficial options available for later...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775441/-the-biological-function-and-significance-of-il-35-in-the-pathogenesis-of-atherosclerosis
#3
EDITORIAL
Mateusz Staciwa, Marlena Broncel
The imbalance of anti-inflammatory /pro- inflammatory cytokines plays an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis. Interleukin 35 (IL-35) is a novel member of the IL-12 family, consisting of an EBVinduced gene 3 (EBI3) subunit and a P35 subunit. IL-35 is an immunesuppressive cytokine mainly produced by regulatory T cells. Accumulating evidence suggests that IL-35 may represent a target for antiatherosclerotic therapy based on its several anti-inflammatory features. This review provide a brief overview of IL-35 biology and the role of IL-35 in the atherosclerosis, autoimmune disease and cancers...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774649/end-of-life-trajectory-of-coping-and-self-care-of-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-meta-synthesis-using-meta-ethnography
#4
Yasuko Igai
AIM: This study aimed to extract patient narratives regarding the end-of-life trajectory of their self-care and coping experiences as patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and to use meta-ethnography to discover common metaphors of their experience in order to inform the development of nursing interventions. METHODS: A comprehensive search of qualitative research using electronic databases, in English and Japanese, regarding patients with IPF, identified four articles...
May 17, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770138/ny-eso-1-based-immunotherapy-of-cancer-current-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Remy Thomas, Ghaneya Al-Khadairi, Jessica Roelands, Wouter Hendrickx, Said Dermime, Davide Bedognetti, Julie Decock
NY-ESO-1 or New York esophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1 is a well-known cancer-testis antigen (CTAs) with re-expression in numerous cancer types. Its ability to elicit spontaneous humoral and cellular immune responses, together with its restricted expression pattern, have rendered it a good candidate target for cancer immunotherapy. In this review, we provide background information on NY-ESO-1 expression and function in normal and cancerous tissues. Furthermore, NY-ESO-1-specific immune responses have been observed in various cancer types; however, their utility as biomarkers are not well determined...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767802/sitting-together-and-reaching-to-play-start-play-protocol-for-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial-on-intervention-for-infants-with-neuromotor-disorders
#6
Regina T Harbourne, Stacey C Dusing, Michele A Lobo, Sarah Westcott-McCoy, James Bovaird, Susan Sheridan, James C Galloway, Hui-Ju Chang, Lin-Ya Hsu, Natalie Koziol, Emily C Marcinowski, Iryna Babik
Background: There is limited research examining the efficacy of early physical therapy on infants with neuromotor dysfunction. In addition, most early motor interventions have not been directly linked to learning, despite the clear association between motor activity and cognition during infancy. Objective: The aim of this project is to evaluate the efficacy of Sitting Together And Reaching To Play (START-Play), an intervention designed to target sitting, reaching, and motor-based problem solving to advance global development in infants with motor delays or neuromotor dysfunction...
June 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765612/crystal-structures-of-lymphocytic-choriomeningitis-virus-endonuclease-domain-complexed-with-diketo-acid-ligands
#7
Magali Saez-Ayala, Elsie Laban Yekwa, Mauro Carcelli, Bruno Canard, Karine Alvarez, François Ferron
The Arenaviridae family, together with the Bunyaviridae and Orthomyxoviridae families, is one of the three negative-stranded RNA viral families that encode an endonuclease in their genome. The endonuclease domain is at the N-terminus of the L protein, a multifunctional protein that includes the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. The synthesis of mRNA in arenaviruses is a process that is primed by capped nucleotides that are 'stolen' from the cellular mRNA by the endonuclease domain in cooperation with other domains of the L protein...
March 1, 2018: IUCrJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761336/-syncope-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Matthias J Müller, Thomas Paul
Syncope is common in children and adolescents. Neurally mediated syncope including pallid and cyanotic breath holding spells, vagovasal syncope and neurocardiogenic syncope is based on a common pathomechanism and accounts for approximately 75% of cases. A potentially life-threatening cardiac cause of syncope may be present in up to 6%. Detailed history, physical examination and 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) allow discrimination between benign and serious syncope in the majority of pediatric patients. Tilt-testing can be useful when diagnosis is unclear...
May 14, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753733/coronary-computed-tomographic-angiography-findings-and-their-therapeutic-implications-in-asymptomatic-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-lessons-from-the-safeheart-study
#9
Leopoldo Pérez de Isla, Rodrigo Alonso, Ovidio Muñiz-Grijalvo, José Luis Díaz-Díaz, Daniel Zambón, José Pablo Miramontes, Francisco Fuentes, José Juan Gómez de Diego, Aurora González-Estrada, Nelva Mata, Adriana Saltijeral, Manuel Barreiro, Marta Tomás, Raimundo de Andrés, Rosa Argüeso, Maria Pilar Serrano Gotarredona, Silvia Navarro Herrero, Rosario J Perea Palazón, Teresa M de Caralt, Luisa Arrojo Suárez de Centi, Svetlana Zhilina, Simona Espejo Pérez, Teresa Padró, Pedro Mata
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) confers an increased risk of premature atherosclerotic disease. Coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA) can assess preclinical coronary atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe coronary CTA findings in asymptomatic molecularly defined FH individuals, to identify those factors related to its presence and extension, and to assess the impact of these results in patients' care and estimated risk. METHODS: Four hundred and forty individuals with FH, without clinical cardiovascular disease, were consecutively enrolled and underwent a coronary CTA that was used to analyze coronary atherosclerosis based on coronary calcium score (CCS), sum of stenosis severity, and plaque composition sum (PCS)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753379/the-antiarrhythmic-drug-amiodarone-decreases-akt-activity-and-sensitizes-human-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells-to-apoptosis-by-abt-263
#10
Corey J Ketchem, Cory Kucera, Aditya Barve, Levi J Beverly
BACKGROUND: Successful treatment of leukemia requires new medications to combat drug resistance, but the development of novel therapies is an arduous and risky endeavor. Repurposing currently approved drugs or those already in clinical development to treat other indications is a more practical approach. Moreover, combinatorial therapeutics are often more efficacious than single agent therapeutics because the former can simultaneously target multiple pathways that mitigate tumor aggressiveness and induce cancer cell death...
May 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752252/conceptualization-and-implementation-of-the-central-information-portal-on-rare-diseases-protocol-for-a-qualitative-study
#11
Svenja Litzkendorf, Tobias Hartz, Jens Göbel, Holger Storf, Frédéric Pauer, Ana Babac, Verena Lührs, Leena Bruckner-Tuderman, Franziska Schauer, Jörg Schmidtke, Lisa Biehl, Tof Wagner, J-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg, Martin Frank
BACKGROUND: Recently, public and political interest has focused on people living with rare diseases and their health concerns. Due to the large number of different types of rare diseases and the sizable number of patients, taking action to improve the life of those affected is gaining importance. In 2013, the federal government of Germany adopted a national action plan for rare diseases, including the call to establish a central information portal on rare diseases (Zentrales Informationsportal über seltene Erkrankungen, ZIPSE)...
May 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750063/adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-aspects-of-adherence-a-questionnaire-study
#12
Anne Marie Kleinke, Carl Friedrich Classen
Purpose: For adolescents and young adults (AYAs), a cancer diagnosis represents an extraordinary strike in a vulnerable phase of life. They have special needs that the medical system has to take into consideration, and they exhibit a lower degree of therapy adherence than both older and younger patients. The purpose of this study was first to analyze the adherence of AYAs with cancer compared to a group of older patients and, second, to determine correlated parameters, with focus on the psychosocial interaction between physicians and patients...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749710/attenuated-psychotic-symptom-interventions-in-youth-at-risk-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Daniel J Devoe, Megan S Farris, Parker Townes, Jean Addington
AIM: Attenuated psychotic symptoms (APSs) have been the primary emphasis in youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis for assessing symptomology and determining subsequent transition to a psychotic disorder. Previous reviews primarily focused on the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) on APS; however, a comprehensive assessment of other interventions to date is lacking. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of all intervention studies examining APS in CHR youth...
May 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749649/transgelin-2-in-immunity-its-implication-in-cell-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Suin Jo, Hye-Ran Kim, YeVin Mun, Chang-Duk Jun
Transgelin-2 is a small 22-kDa actin-binding protein implicated in actin dynamics, which stabilizes actin structures and participates in actin-associated signaling pathways. Much curiosity regarding transgelin-2 has centered around its dysregulation in tumor development and associated diseases. However, recent studies have shed new light on the functions of transgelin-2, the only transgelin family member present in leukocytes, in the context of various immune responses. In this review, we outlined the biochemical properties of transgelin-2 and its physiological functions in T cells, B cells, and macrophages...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749538/trim58-cg26157385-methylation-is-associated-with-eight-prognostic-genes-in-lung-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Weimin Zhang, Qichen Cui, Weifeng Qu, Xiaoyun Ding, Donglin Jiang, Hongcheng Liu
The present study aimed to analyze the differentially expressed genes related to the tripartite motif containing 58 (TRIM58)/cg26157385 methylation sites, and consequently to provide theoretical basis for elucidating the influence of TRIM58/cg26157385 methylation on lung cancer prognosis. Methylation‑sequencing information, mRNA expression profiling data and clinical data were downloaded from cBioPortal database to screen out candidate genes related to the methylation of TRIM58/cg26157385 in squamous cell lung carcinoma...
May 8, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748911/patient-education-and-rehabilitation-after-hip-arthroplasty-in-an-italian-spa-center-a-pilot-study-on-its-feasibility
#16
Alfredo Musumeci, Giulia Pranovi, Stefano Masiero
Nowadays, some spa centers are suitable for providing rehabilitative and preventive treatment in association with traditional spa therapy. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of an intensive rehabilitation program after hip arthroplasty in an Italian spa center. Early after total hip arthroplasty for severe osteoarthritis (≤ 10 days after the intervention), 12 consecutive patients (5 males and 7 females) aged between 50 and 85 years were enrolled for this study. All the patients performed a 2-week thermal multimodal rehabilitation program, which consisted of education and physical rehabilitative measures...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744527/inherited-primary-arrhythmia-disorders-cardiac-channelopathies-and-sports-activity
#17
REVIEW
S Marrakchi, I Kammoun, E Bennour, L Laroussi, M Ben Miled, S Kachboura
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an apparently healthy individual is a tragedy. It is important to identify the cause of death and to prevent SCD in potentially at-risk family members. Inherited primary arrhythmia disorders are associated with exercise-related SCD. Despite the well-known benefits of exercise, exercise restriction has been a historical mainstay of therapy for these conditions. However, since familiarity with inherited arrhythmia conditions has increased and patients are often children and young adults, it is necessary to reassess the treatment guidelines regarding exercise constraints...
May 9, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743092/the-association-between-caries-related-treatment-needs-and-socio-demographic-variables-among-young-israeli-adults-a-record-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Dan Henry Levy, Alon Livny, Harold Sgan-Cohen, Nirit Yavnai
BACKGROUD: The need for dental treatments, especially those related to dental caries, may be associated with and influenced by a wide range of demographic variables. The aim of this study was to describe caries related treatment needs among young Israeli adults and the association with several socio-demographic factors, including socio-economic cluster (SEC), intellectual capabilities, ethnicity and other variables. METHODS: Data were collected from dental records of army recruits between 2012 and 2013...
May 9, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742735/a-case-report-of-heterozygous-tinf2-gene-mutation-associated-with-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-a-patient-with-dyskeratosis-congenita
#19
Hongchun Du, Yubiao Guo, Di Ma, Kejing Tang, Decheng Cai, Yifeng Luo, Canmao Xie
RATIONALE: Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a rare inherited disease characterized by the classical mucocutaneous triad. Pulmonary fibrosis, bone marrow failure, and solid tumors are the main causes of mortality in DC. Pathogenic variants in TERT, TERC, and DKC1 have been identified in individuals with familial pulmonary fibrosis. Mutations in TINF2 gene have been reported to be associated with bone marrow failure in most cases. However, the relationship between TINF2 mutation and pulmonary fibrosis is not yet clear...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742275/early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-eibi-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#20
REVIEW
Brian Reichow, Kara Hume, Erin E Barton, Brian A Boyd
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles of applied behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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