Read by QxMD icon Read

Chronic cough

A Vora, Amit Bhargava
INTRODUCTION: Cough is significant health problem with greater implication for impaired quality of life. Acute and chronic cough due to infective (viral/bacterial), allergic conditions or bronchial asthma including cough variant asthma are often treated with combination of mucolytics, expectorants and bronchodilators. Bronchodilators reduces cough sensitivity, promotes clearance of cough secretions while reducing protrusive inflammatory mediator release. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To further understand the clinical utility and safety of Bronchodilatory cough formulations (BCF) containing Levosalbutamol in real world settings...
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Patrizia Pignatti, Antonio Spanevello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Horng-Chyuan Lin, Sang-Heon Cho, Aloke Gopal Ghoshal, Abdul Razak Bin Abdul Muttalif, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich, Shalini Bagga, Rab Faruqi, Shiva Sajjan, Camilla L Cahill, Kim K Hamrosi, De Yun Wang
Chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis (AR), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and rhinosinusitis are becoming increasingly prevalent in the Asia-Pacific region. The Asia-Pacific Burden of Respiratory Diseases (APBORD) study was a cross-sectional, observational study which examined the disease and economic burden of AR, asthma, COPD, and rhinosinusitis across Asia-Pacific using 1 standard protocol. Here we report symptoms, healthcare resource use (HCRU), work impairment, and associated cost in Taiwan...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sanguansak Thanaviratananich, Sang-Heon Cho, Aloke Gopal Ghoshal, Abdul Razak Bin Abdul Muttalif, Horng-Chyuan Lin, Chaicharn Pothirat, Benjamas Chuaychoo, Songklot Aeumjaturapat, Shalini Bagga, Rab Faruqi, Shiva Sajjan, Santwona Baidya, De Yun Wang
Asia-Pacific Burden of Respiratory Diseases (APBORD) was a cross-sectional, observational study examining the burden of respiratory disease in adults across 6 Asia-Pacific countries.This article reports symptoms, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), work impairment and cost burden associated with allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and rhinosinusitis in Thailand.Consecutive participants aged ≥18 years with a primary diagnosis of AR, asthma, COPD, or rhinosinusitis were enrolled at 4 hospitals in Thailand during October 2012 and October 2013...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Mark L Metersky, Antranik Mangardich
Chronic suppurative lung disease (CSLD), characterized by a bronchiectasis-like syndrome in the absence of bronchial dilatation, is well described in the pediatric literature. In some patients, it may be a precursor of bronchiectasis. In adults, this syndrome has not been well described. We present four adult patients without obvious causative exposures who presented with prolonged cough and purulent sputum. Sputum cultures revealed a variety of Gram negative bacteria, fungi and mycobacteria. High resolution CT scanning did not reveal bronchiectasis...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Rakesh Pore, Swati Biswas, Srirupa Das
PURPOSE: The aim of the survey was to understand the prevailing practice pattern for the management of dry cough among primary care physicians in Indian clinical setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This single visit, cross-sectional, non-interventional, interview based physician survey was conducted over a period of 3 months where 500 registered physicians with at least 6 months of clinical practice and willing to participate in the survey were interviewed in their clinic or hospital from June to August 2015...
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ying-Wei Qiu, Xiao-Fei Lv, Gui-Hua Jiang, Huan-Huan Su, Xiao-Fen Ma, Jun-Zhang Tian, Fu-Zhen Zhuo
Adolescence is a unique period in neurodevelopment. Dextromethorphan (DXM)-containing cough syrups are new addictive drugs used by adolescents and young adults. The effects of chronic DXM abuse on neurodevelopment in adolescents and young adults are still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in cortical thickness and subcortical gray matter volumes between DXM-dependent adolescents and young adults and healthy controls, and to explore relationships between alternations in cortical thickness/subcortical volume and DXM duration, initial age of DXM use, as well as impulsive behavior in DXM-dependent adolescents and young adults...
October 13, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
Shin-Young Lee, Seok Joo, Geun Dong Lee, Seok Jin Ham, Chul Hwan Park, Sungsoo Lee
Tracheal diverticulum is often diagnosed incidentally and, due to its rarity, there is no standard treatment. It is a benign entity, but has the potential to cause specific symptoms, such as chronic upper respiratory infection and chronic cough. Symptomatic tracheal diverticulum can be medically treated, but likelihood of recurrence is high. We report a case of surgical resection of symptomatic tracheal diverticulum to prevent recurrence.
October 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Wei Tang, Jun Zhou, Lili Miao, GuoCao Shi
OBJECTIVE: Cough variant asthma (CVA) is a subtype of asthma that is characterized by a chronic cough. We compared the clinical characteristics and pulmonary function in patients with CVA who had normal and high exhaled fractional nitric oxide (FeNO) levels. METHODS: We collected the clinical history and pulmonary function data from 99 patients with newly diagnosed CVA. RESULT: Newly diagnosed subjects with CVA were divided into a high FeNO group (FeNO value over or equal to 25 ppb, n=52) and a normal FeNO group (FeNO lower than 25 ppb, n=47)...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Sau Nga Fu, Wai Cho Yu, Carlos King-Ho Wong, Margaret Choi-Hing Lam
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to define the prevalence of undiagnosed airflow obstruction (AO) among subjects with a history of smoking but no previous diagnosis of chronic lung disease. The finding of AO likely represents diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. PATIENTS: People aged ≥30 years with a history of smoking who attended public outpatient clinics for primary care services were included in this study. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey in five clinics in Hong Kong using the Breathlessness, Cough, and Sputum Scale, the Lung Function Questionnaire, and office spirometry was conducted...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Andrew Martin, Graeme van der Meer, Dora Blair, Murali Mahadevan, Michel Neeff, Colin Barber, Nicola Mills, Lesley Salkeld, Maayan Gruber
OBJECTIVE: Aspirated foreign bodies in children present a potentially life-threatening condition and can be challenging to diagnose. This study aims to elucidate the characteristics and outcome of children with long-standing aspirated foreign bodies. METHODS: Retrospective case series of all cases of confirmed long-standing aspirated foreign bodies (LSAFB) between January 2003 to December 2015 in a single paediatric tertiary-level institution, defined as more than two weeks from choking episode or beginning of symptoms...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
D T Nguyen, C Rumeau, M Felix-Ravelo, P-L Nguyen-Thi, R Jankowski
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of sinonasal symptoms on a self-reported questionnaire is thoroughly subjective, but indispensable for quantifying symptoms. The present study sought to compare responses on the DyNaChron questionnaire just before and just after consultation for chronic sinonasal dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 78 patients (mean age, 43.1±16.9 years) consulting for chronic sinonasal dysfunction took part in a prospective study, responding to the computerized version of the DyNaChron self-reported questionnaire, in a dedicated room, just before and just after medical interview and physical examination...
October 7, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Rekha Krishnasarma, Liza Green Golan Mackintosh, Francine Bynum
Many children who are admitted to pediatric hospitals with the chief complaint of apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) are, in fact, well appearing by the time the inpatient medical team evaluates the patient. This presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We describe a case of a six-month-old full-term female presenting with an ALTE and found to have a double aortic arch, a congenital anomaly that usually presents with a more progressive onset of symptoms such as chronic cough, positional stridor, and feeding difficulties...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Matthew Triplette, Engi Attia, Kathleen Akgün, Monica Campo, Maria Rodriguez-Barradas, Sudhakar Pipavath, Shahida Shahrir, Cherry Wongtrakool, Matthew Goetz, Joon Kim, Guy Soo Hoo, Sheldon Brown, Kristina Crothers
BACKGROUND: Emphysema is more prevalent in HIV-infected (HIV+) patients independent of smoking behavior. Nonetheless, health effects of emphysema in this population are poorly understood. We determined whether emphysema is associated with a greater burden of pulmonary symptoms and a lower six-minute walk distance (6MWD) in HIV+ compared to HIV-uninfected (HIV-) subjects. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 170 HIV+ and 153 HIV- subjects in the Examinations of HIV Associated Lung Emphysema (EXHALE) cohort study...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Woo-Jung Song, Ha-Kyeong Won, Sung-Do Moon, Soo-Jie Chung, Sung-Yoon Kang, Kyoung-Hee Sohn, Ju-Young Kim, Byung-Keun Kim, Kyung-Hwan Lim, Mi-Yeong Kim, Min-Suk Yang, Heung-Woo Park, Yoon-Seok Chang, Byung-Jae Lee, Alyn H Morice, Sang-Heon Cho
BACKGROUND: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (Feno) is a safe and convenient test for assessing TH2 airway inflammation, which is potentially useful in the management of patients with chronic cough. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current evidence on the diagnostic usefulness of Feno for predicting inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) responsiveness in patients with chronic cough. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify articles published in peer-reviewed journals up to February 2015, without language restriction...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Khuen F Ng, Kah K Tan, Zhi H Sam, Grace Ss Ting, Wan Y Gan
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe epidemiology, clinical features, laboratory data and severity of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in Malaysian children and to determine risk factors associated with prolonged hospital stay, paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission and mortality. METHODS: Retrospective data on demographics, clinical presentation, outcomes and laboratory findings of 450 children admitted into Tuanku Jaafar Hospital in Seremban, Malaysia from 2008 to 2013 with documented diagnosis of RSV ALRI were collected and analysed...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
S Vamsee Raju, Hyunki Kim, Stephen A Byzek, Li Ping Tang, John E Trombley, Patricia Jackson, Lawrence Rasmussen, J Michael Wells, Emily Falk Libby, Erik Dohm, Lindy Winter, Sharon L Samuel, Kurt R Zinn, J Edwin Blalock, Trenton R Schoeb, Mark T Dransfield, Steven M Rowe
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the US. The majority of COPD patients have symptoms of chronic bronchitis, which lacks specific therapies. A major impediment to therapeutic development has been the absence of animal models that recapitulate key clinical and pathologic features of human disease. Ferrets are well suited for the investigation of the significance of respiratory diseases, given prior data indicating similarities to human airway physiology and submucosal gland distribution...
September 22, 2016: JCI Insight
Yasuhiko Kubota, Stephanie J London, Mary Cushman, Alanna M Chamberlain, Wayne D Rosamond, Susan R Heckbert, Neil Zakai, Aaron R Folsom
BACKGROUND: The evidence of the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) is limited. There is no study investigating the association of restrictive lung disease (RLD) and respiratory symptoms with VTE. OBJECTIVES: To investigate prospectively the association of lung function and respiratory symptoms with VTE. PATIENTS/METHODS: In 1987-1989, we assessed lung function using spirometry and obtained information on respiratory symptoms (cough, phlegm and dyspnea) in 14 654 participants aged 45-64, without a history of VTE or anticoagulant use, and followed them through 2,011...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
R K Osman, K Mortimer, G Bjune, A I El Sony
Background: Chronic respiratory disease (CRD) causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Although the global CRD epidemic collides with the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in many low- and middle-income country settings, the risk of TB-associated CRD is not well described in countries with a high burden of TB. Methods: We recruited 136 patients with a history of sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB) from the TB clinic at Omdurman Teaching Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan, and 136 age- and sex-matched community controls, between 28 July 2013 and 30 December 2013...
September 2016: Public Health Action
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"