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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332166/imaging-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-international-initiatives-and-ongoing-work
#1
REVIEW
Charlotte M Nusman, Laura Tanturri de Horatio, Robert Hemke, E Charlotte van Gulik, Lil-Sofie Ording Müller, Clara Malattia, Derk Avenarius, Paolo Toma, Johannes Roth, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Mario Maas, Andrea S Doria, Karen Rosendahl
Imaging is increasingly being integrated into clinical practice to improve diagnosis, disease control and outcome in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Over the last decades several international groups have been launched to standardize and validate different imaging techniques. To enhance transparency and facilitate collaboration, we present an overview of ongoing initiatives.
January 13, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303847/obesity-in-the-workplace-impact-outcomes-and-recommendations
#2
Charles M Yarborough, Stacy Brethauer, Wayne N Burton, Raymond J Fabius, Pamela Hymel, Shanu Kothari, Robert F Kushner, John Magaña Morton, Kathryn Mueller, Nicolaas P Pronk, Mitchell S Roslin, David B Sarwer, Brian Svazas, Jeffrey S Harris, Garrett I Ash, Jamie T Stark, Marianne Dreger, Julie Ording
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a comprehensive literature review to develop recommendations for managing obesity among workers to improve health outcomes and to explore the impact of obesity on health costs to determine whether a case can be made for surgical interventions and insurance coverage. METHODS: We searched PubMed from 2011 to 2016, and CINAHL, Scopus, and Cochrane Registry of Clinical Trials for interventions addressing obesity in the workplace. RESULTS: A total of 1419 articles were screened, resulting in 275 articles being included...
January 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301546/spatial-and-temporal-patterns-of-dengue-infections-in-timor-leste-2005-2013
#3
Kinley Wangdi, Archie C A Clements, Tai Du, Susana Vaz Nery
BACKGROUND: Dengue remains an important public health problem in Timor-Leste, with several major epidemics occurring over the last 10 years. The aim of this study was to identify dengue clusters at high geographical resolution and to determine the association between local environmental characteristics and the distribution and transmission of the disease. METHODS: Notifications of dengue cases that occurred from January 2005 to December 2013 were obtained from the Ministry of Health, Timor-Leste...
January 4, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288256/integrating-tools-for-non-targeted-analysis-research-and-chemical-safety-evaluations-at-the-us-epa
#4
REVIEW
Jon R Sobus, John F Wambaugh, Kristin K Isaacs, Antony J Williams, Andrew D McEachran, Ann M Richard, Christopher M Grulke, Elin M Ulrich, Julia E Rager, Mark J Strynar, Seth R Newton
Tens-of-thousands of chemicals are registered in the U.S. for use in countless processes and products. Recent evidence suggests that many of these chemicals are measureable in environmental and/or biological systems, indicating the potential for widespread exposures. Traditional public health research tools, including in vivo studies and targeted analytical chemistry methods, have been unable to meet the needs of screening programs designed to evaluate chemical safety. As such, new tools have been developed to enable rapid assessment of potentially harmful chemical exposures and their attendant biological responses...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281919/terretonin-m-a-new-meroterpenoid-from-the-thermophilic-aspergillus-terreus-tm8-and-revision-of-the-absolute-configuration-of-penisimplicins
#5
Mohamed Shaaban, Mohammad Magdy El-Metwally, Ahmed Adel Abdel-Razek, Hartmut Laatsch
Terretonin M (1), a new highly oxygenated tetracyclic meroterpenoid, was isolated from the thermophilic fungus Aspergillus terreus TM8 together with 10 known metabolites: terrelumamide A, asterrelenin, 7-prenyl-indolyl-3-carbaldehyde, (3β,5α,6β)-3,5,6-trihydroxy-ergosta-7,22-diene, sitostenone, linoleic acid, ergosterol, uracil, p-hydroxy-benzoic acid, and indole-3-carboxylic acid. The chemical structure of the new compound was elucidated by extensive 1D, 2D NMR, and ESI HR mass measurements, and by comparison with literature data...
December 27, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260409/application-of-updated-guidelines-on-diastolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#6
David J Clancy, Timothy Scully, Michel Slama, Stephen Huang, Anthony S McLean, Sam R Orde
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is suggested to be associated with higher mortality in severe sepsis and septic shock, yet the methods of diagnosis described in the literature are often inconsistent. The recently published 2016 American Society of Echocardiography and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (ASE/EACVI) guidelines offer the opportunity to apply a simple pragmatic diagnostic algorithm for the detection of diastolic dysfunction; however, it has not been tested in this cohort...
December 19, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245061/risk-and-prognosis-of-cancer-after-upper-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Kasper Adelborg, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Jens Sundbøll, Paolo Prandoni, Anne Ording, Henrik Toft Sørensen
INTRODUCTION: The association between lower-extremity venous thrombosis and cancer is well-established. However, the extent to which upper-extremity deep venous thrombosis (U-DVT) is a marker of cancer and a prognostic factor for all-cause mortality remains poorly understood. We examined the risk of cancer after a diagnosis of U-DVT compared with cancer risk in the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Danish nationwide population-based medical registries, we identified all patients with first-time U-DVT during 1980-1993 and 2000-2013...
November 22, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239561/spatial-analysis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-of-iran-based-on-environmental-factors
#8
Roghieh Ramezankhani, Nooshin Sajjadi, Roya Nezakati Esmaeilzadeh, Seyed Ali Jozi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by different species of protozoan parasites. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is still a great public health problem in Iran, especially in Isfahan Province. Distribution and abundance of vectors and reservoirs of this disease is affected by different factors such as climatic, socioeconomic and cultural. This study aimed to identify the hotspot areas for CL in Isfahan and assess the relations between the climatic and topographic factors with CL incidence using spatial analysis...
November 8, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202259/bedside-lung-ultrasound-in-the-care-of-the-critically-ill
#9
Máté Rudas, Sam Orde, Marek Nalos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and review the utility of bedside lung ultrasound in acute care. SUMMARY: Lung ultrasound is a useful point-of-care investigation in acute care, especially in patients with dyspnoea or haemodynamic instability. Although normal lung parenchyma is not accessible to ultrasound, distinctive artefacts arising from parietal and visceral pleura indirectly imply the presence of normal lung. As aeration of lung tissue reduces with disease process, visual assessment of several pathologic entities by ultrasound becomes possible...
December 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179954/universal-health-coverage-and-intersectoral-action-for-health-key-messages-from-disease-control-priorities-3rd-edition
#10
REVIEW
Dean T Jamison, Ala Alwan, Charles N Mock, Rachel Nugent, David Watkins, Olusoji Adeyi, Shuchi Anand, Rifat Atun, Stefano Bertozzi, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Agnes Binagwaho, Robert Black, Mark Blecher, Barry R Bloom, Elizabeth Brouwer, Donald A P Bundy, Dan Chisholm, Alarcos Cieza, Mark Cullen, Kristen Danforth, Nilanthi de Silva, Haile T Debas, Peter Donkor, Tarun Dua, Kenneth A Fleming, Mark Gallivan, Patricia J Garcia, Atul Gawande, Thomas Gaziano, Hellen Gelband, Roger Glass, Amanda Glassman, Glenda Gray, Demissie Habte, King K Holmes, Susan Horton, Guy Hutton, Prabhat Jha, Felicia M Knaul, Olive Kobusingye, Eric L Krakauer, Margaret E Kruk, Peter Lachmann, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Carol Levin, Lai Meng Looi, Nita Madhav, Adel Mahmoud, Jean Claude Mbanya, Anthony Measham, María Elena Medina-Mora, Carol Medlin, Anne Mills, Jody-Anne Mills, Jaime Montoya, Ole Norheim, Zachary Olson, Folashade Omokhodion, Ben Oppenheim, Toby Ord, Vikram Patel, George C Patton, John Peabody, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Jinyuan Qi, Teri Reynolds, Sevket Ruacan, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Jaime Sepúlveda, Richard Skolnik, Kirk R Smith, Marleen Temmerman, Stephen Tollman, Stéphane Verguet, Damian G Walker, Neff Walker, Yangfeng Wu, Kun Zhao
The World Bank is publishing nine volumes of Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition (DCP3) between 2015 and 2018. Volume 9, Improving Health and Reducing Poverty, summarises the main messages from all the volumes and contains cross-cutting analyses. This Review draws on all nine volumes to convey conclusions. The analysis in DCP3 is built around 21 essential packages that were developed in the nine volumes. Each essential package addresses the concerns of a major professional community (eg, child health or surgery) and contains a mix of intersectoral policies and health-sector interventions...
November 24, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174378/standardization-of-pediatric-uroradiological-terms-a-multidisciplinary-european-glossary
#11
Pierre-Hugues Vivier, Thomas A Augdal, Fred E Avni, Justine Bacchetta, Rolf Beetz, Anna K Bjerre, Johan Blickman, Pierre Cochat, Rosana Coppo, Beatrice Damasio, Kassa Darge, Alaa El-Ghoneimi, Piet Hoebeke, Göran Läckgren, Marc-David Leclair, Maria-Luisa Lobo, Gianantonio Manzoni, Stephen D Marks, Girolamo Mattioli, Hans-Joachim Mentzel, Pierre Mouriquand, Tryggve Nevéus, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Lil-Sofie Ording-Muller, Josef Oswald, Frederica Papadopoulou, Gabriella Porcellini, Ekkehard Ring, Wolfgang Rösch, Ana F Teixeira, Michael Riccabona
To promote the standardization of nephro-uroradiological terms used in children, the European Society of Pediatric Radiology uroradiology taskforce wrote a detailed glossary. This work has been subsequently submitted to European experts in pediatric urology and nephrology for discussion and acceptance to improve the quality of radiological reports and communication among different clinicians involved in pediatric urology and nephrology.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171148/comorbidity-and-the-increased-mortality-after-hospitalization-for-stroke-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
P Corraini, S K Szépligeti, Victor W Henderson, Anne G Ording, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Henrik T Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity is prevalent among stroke patients, affecting post-stroke survival. It remains unknown whether comorbidity impacts post-stroke mortality beyond the combined individual effects of stroke and comorbidity. METHODS: Using nationwide Danish databases, we performed a cohort study of 201,691 patients ≥ 18 years-old with incident ischemic stroke, intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage, or unspecified stroke during 1995-2012, and 992,942 adults from the general population, matched to stroke patients by birth year, sex, and individual comorbidities in the Charlson Comorbidity Index...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149863/pearls-and-pitfalls-in-comprehensive-critical-care-echocardiography
#13
REVIEW
Sam Orde, Michel Slama, Andrew Hilton, Konstantin Yastrebov, Anthony McLean
Critical care echocardiography is developing rapidly with an increasing number of specialists now performing comprehensive studies using Doppler and other advanced techniques. However, this imaging can be challenging, interpretation is far from simple in the complex critically ill patient and mistakes can be easy to make. We aim to address clinically relevant areas where potential errors may occur and suggest methods to hopefully improve accuracy of imaging and interpretation.
November 17, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142984/the-combination-of-beta-blockers-and-renin-angiotensin-system-blockers-improves-survival-in-incident-hemodialysis-patients-a-propensity-matched-study
#14
José Luño, Javier Varas, Rosa Ramos, Ignacio Merello, Pedro Aljama, Alejandro MartinMalo, Julio Pascual, Manuel Praga
Introduction: Although several studies suggest that the prognosis of hypertensive dialysis patients can be improved by using antihypertensive drug therapy, it is unknown whether the prescription of a particular class or combination of antihypertensive drugs is beneficial during hemodialysis. Methods: We performed a propensity score matching study to compare the effectiveness of various classes of antihypertensive drugs on cardiovascular (CV) mortality in 2518 incident hemodialysis patients in Spain...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138893/standardization-of-pediatric-uroradiological-terms-a-multidisciplinary-european-glossary
#15
REVIEW
Pierre-Hugues Vivier, Thomas A Augdal, Fred E Avni, Justine Bacchetta, Rolf Beetz, Anna K Bjerre, Johan Blickman, Pierre Cochat, Rosana Coppo, Beatrice Damasio, Kassa Darge, Alaa El-Ghoneimi, Piet Hoebeke, Göran Läckgren, Marc-David Leclair, Maria-Luisa Lobo, Gianantonio Manzoni, Stephen D Marks, Girolamo Mattioli, Hans-Joachim Mentzel, Pierre Mouriquand, Tryggve Nevéus, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Lil-Sofie Ording-Muller, Josef Oswald, Frederica Papadopoulou, Gabriella Porcellini, Ekkehard Ring, Wolfgang Rösch, Ana F Teixeira, Michael Riccabona
To promote the standardization of nephro-uroradiological terms used in children, the European Society of Paediatric Radiology uroradiology taskforce wrote a detailed glossary. This work has been subsequently submitted to European experts in pediatric urology and nephrology for discussion and acceptance to improve the quality of radiological reports and communication between different clinicians involved in pediatric urology and nephrology.
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137585/association-of-positive-fluid-balance-and-mortality-in-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-an-australian-cohort
#16
M G Pittard, S J Huang, A S McLean, S R Orde
In patients with septic shock, a correlation between positive fluid balance and worsened outcomes has been reported in multiple observational studies worldwide. No published data exists in an Australasian cohort. We set out to explore this association in our institution. We conducted a retrospective audit of patient records from August 2012 to May 2015 in a single-centre, 24-bed surgical and medical intensive care unit (ICU) in Sydney, Australia. All patients with septic shock were included. Exclusion criteria included length of stay less than 24 hours or vasopressors needed for less than six hours...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118831/basic-critical-care-echocardiography-how-many-studies-equate-to-competence-a-pilot-study-using-high-fidelity-echocardiography-simulation
#17
Emma M Bowcock, Idunn S Morris, Anthony S Mclean, Sam R Orde
Background: Assessment of competence in basic critical care echocardiography is complex. Competence relies on not only imaging accuracy but also interpretation and appropriate management decisions. The experience to achieve these skills, real-time, is likely more than required for imaging accuracy alone. We aimed to assess the feasibility of using simulation to assess number of studies required to attain competence in basic critical care echocardiography. Methods: This is a prospective pilot study recruiting trainees at various degrees of experience in basic critical care echocardiography using experts as reference standard...
August 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036505/increased-mortality-in-haemodialysis-patients-administered-high-doses-of-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#18
Rafael Pérez-García, Javier Varas, Alejandro Cives, Alejandro Martín-Malo, Pedro Aljama, Rosa Ramos, Julio Pascual, Stefano Stuard, Bernard Canaud, José Ignacio Merello
Background: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are widely used to treat anaemia in patients with chronic kidney disease. The issue of ESA safety has been raised in multiple studies, with correlates derived for elevated cancer incidence and mortality. Whether these associations are related to ESA dose or the typology of the patient remains obscure. Methods: A multicentre, observational retrospective propensity score-matched study was designed to analyse the effects of weekly ESA dose in 1679 incident haemodialysis (HD) patients...
September 28, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034851/nitrosopumilus-maritimus-gen-nov-sp-nov-nitrosopumilus-cobalaminigenes-sp-nov-nitrosopumilus-oxyclinae-sp-nov-and-nitrosopumilus-ureiphilus-sp-nov-four-marine-ammonia-oxidizing-archaea-of-the-phylum-thaumarchaeota
#19
Wei Qin, Katherine R Heal, Rasika Ramdasi, Julia N Kobelt, Willm Martens-Habbena, Anthony D Bertagnolli, Shady A Amin, Christopher B Walker, Hidetoshi Urakawa, Martin Könneke, Allan H Devol, James W Moffett, E Virginia Armbrust, Grant J Jensen, Anitra E Ingalls, David A Stahl
Four mesophilic, neutrophilic, and aerobic marine ammonia-oxidizing archaea, designated strains SCM1(T), HCA1(T), HCE1(T) and PS0(T), were isolated from a tropical marine fish tank, dimly lit deep coastal waters, the lower euphotic zone of coastal waters, and near-surface sediment in the Puget Sound estuary, respectively. Cells are straight or slightly curved small rods, 0.15-0.26 µm in diameter and 0.50-1.59 µm in length. Motility was not observed, although strain PS0(T) possesses genes associated with archaeal flagella and chemotaxis, suggesting it may be motile under some conditions...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023234/using-geographical-convergence-of-obesity-cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-at-the-neighborhood-level-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#20
Kayla Smurthwaite, Nasser Bagheri
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases are increasing across the world. Examination of local geographic variation in chronic disease patterns can enable policy makers to identify inequalities in health outcomes and tailor effective interventions to communities at higher risk. Our study aimed to determine the geographic variation of obesity, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and type 2 diabetes, using general practice clinical data. Further objectives included identifying regions of significantly high and low clusters of these conditions and assessing their association with sociodemographic characteristics...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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