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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090255/clinical-utility-of-echocardiography-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-in-children-with-bronchopulmonary-dsyplasia
#1
Young Earl Choi, Hwa Jin Cho, Eun Song Song, In Seok Jeong, Namsik Yoon, Young Youn Choi, Jae Sook Ma, Young Kuk Cho
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) may result in chronic pulmonary artery hypertension and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Various echocardiographic assessments of RV dysfunction have been used to determine whether echocardiographic measurements of premature infants with BPD could provide sensitive measures of RV function that correlates with BPD severity. METHODS: Twenty-eight control subjects without BPD (non BPD group), 28 patients with mild BPD, 11 patients with moderate BPD, and six patients with severe BPD underwent echocardiograms with standard measurement such as ejection fraction by M-mode, tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient, myocardial performance index (MPI) derived from pulse Doppler, and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) measurements...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088242/differences-in-spatial-distributions-of-iron-supplementation-use-among-pregnant-women-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-national-population-based-survey
#2
Demewoz Haile, Lianna Tabar, Yihunie Lakew
BACKGROUND: Iron supplementation during pregnancy prevents against low birth weight, incidence of prematurity and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the coverage of iron supplementation is still low in Ethiopia. This study aimed to investigate the spatial variations and associated factors of iron supplementation during pregnancy using the 2011 national demographic and health survey data. METHODS: This study used secondary data from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057140/-spatial-analysis-and-prediction-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-in-zhejiang-province-2011-2015
#3
H C Wu, X P Xu, C Wu, Q B Lu, Z Y Ding, J F Lin
Objective: To understand the distribution of the severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in Zhejiang province, and predict the incidence and the probability of SFTS outbreak. Methods: Based on the cases of SFTS from 2011-2015, software ArcGIS 10.0 was used to analyze the spatial distribution, Moran's I and Getis-Ord Gi were used to analyze the spatial autocorrelation. The incidence trend was explored by trend surface analysis, and the prediction was made by Kriging interpolation. Results: The incidence of SFTS increased and the distribution expanded in Zhejiang from 2011 to 2015, the seasonal and the demographic characteristics of SFTS were similar to the previous research; there were regional clustering of the cases (P<0...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042980/extensive-regional-metastasis-of-high-grade-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-an-unknown-primary%C3%A2-tumor
#4
Naseem Ghazali, Alyssa Flashburg, Robert A Ord
PURPOSE: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common salivary carcinoma. It arises most frequently in the major salivary glands but can also arise in minor glands or intraosseous sites. MEC of an unknown primary occurs very rarely. The present report documents only the third case reported in medical studies. METHODS: A 66-year-old man with previous carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the left posterior oral tongue that had been excised in 2004 and again in 2010 presented with a hard lymph node, 3 × 2 cm at level II of the right neck in July 2015...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019106/geographic-distributions-of-motor-neuron-disease-mortality-and-well-water-use-in-u-s-counties
#5
Gary G Schwartz, Bradley C Rundquist, Isaac J Simon, Sami E Swartz
OBJECTIVE: We recently reported that U.S. mortality rates for motor neuron disease (MND) at the level of the state are associated with well water use. However, data at the state level may not accurately reflect data at the individual level. We therefore examined the association between MND mortality and well water use utilizing data from smaller geographic units that may better reflect exposure and disease at the individual level. METHODS: We used data on age-adjusted MND mortality rates at the level of the county, obtained from the CDC, and corresponding data on the prevalence of well water use, obtained from the U...
December 25, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997654/association-between-the-birth-of-an-infant-with-major-congenital-anomalies-and-subsequent-risk-of-mortality-in-their-mothers
#6
Eyal Cohen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Joel G Ray, Lars Pedersen, Nancy Adler, Anne Gulbech Ording, Paul H Wise, Arnold Milstein, Henrik Toft Sørensen
Importance: Giving birth to a child with a major birth defect is a serious life event for a woman, yet little is known about the long-term health consequences for the mother. Objective: To assess whether birth of an infant born with a major congenital anomaly was associated with higher maternal risk of mortality. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study (n = 455 250 women) used individual-level linked Danish registry data for mothers who gave birth to an infant with a major congenital anomaly (41 508) between 1979 and 2010, with follow-up until December 31, 2014...
20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968910/spatiotemporal-clusters-of-primary-and-secondary-syphilis-cases-in-south-china-an-observational-study
#7
Ngai Sze Wong, Shujie Huang, Lei Chen, Peizhen Zhao, Joseph D Tucker, Li Gang Yang, Beng Tin Goh, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
BACKGROUND: Although the overall rate of newly reported primary and secondary syphilis cases in Guangdong Province has been decreasing since 2011, incidence in some cities has increased. Location-based intervention is needed for effective resource allocation. We aimed to understand the geographical variations of syphilis epidemiology and detect possible outbreaks and epidemics at county level by spatiotemporal analyses. METHODS: In this observational study, we collected demographics, residential location, syphilis staging and diagnosis date of all reported primary and secondary syphilis cases in patients diagnosed and living in 21 cities, which were further subcategorised into 126 smaller counties, in Guangdong Province, China, from 2014 to mid-2015...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939544/effect-of-feeding-warm-season-annuals-with-orchardgrass-on-ruminal-fermentation-and-methane-output-in-continuous-culture
#8
S L Dillard, A N Hafla, A I Roca-Fernández, A F Brito, M D Rubano, K J Soder
A 4-unit, dual-flow continuous culture fermentor system was used to assess nutrient digestibility, volatile fatty acids (VFA) production, bacterial protein synthesis, and methane (CH4) output of warm-season annual grasses. Treatments were randomly assigned to fermentors in a 4 × 4 Latin square design using 7 d for adaptation to treatment and 3 d for sample collection. Treatments were (1) 100% orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.; ORD); (2) 50% orchardgrass + 50% Japanese millet [Echinochloa esculenta (A. Braun) H...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926817/description-of-immundisolibacter-cernigliae-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-high-molecular-weight-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-degrading-bacterium-within-the-class-gammaproteobacteria-and-proposal-of-immundisolibacterales-ord-nov-and-immundisolibacteraceae-fam-nov
#9
Elizabeth M Corteselli, Michael D Aitken, David R Singleton
The bacterial strain TR3.2T was isolated from aerobic bioreactor-treated soil from a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-contaminated site in Salisbury, North Carolina, USA. Strain TR3.2T was identified as a member of "Pyrene Group 2" or "PG2", a previously uncultivated cluster of organisms associated with the degradation of high-molecular-weight PAHs by stable-isotope probing. Based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence the strain was classified as a member of the class Gammaproteobacteria but possessed only 90...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924422/spatial-overlap-between-people-and-non-human-primates-in-a-fragmented-landscape
#10
Sarah B Paige, Johanna Bleecker, Jonathan Mayer, Tony Goldberg
In western Uganda, the landscape surrounding Kibale National Park (KNP) contains households, trading centers, roads, fields, and forest fragments. The mosaic arrangement of these landscape features is thought to enhance human-primate interaction, leading to primate population declines and increased bi-directional disease transmission. Using a social-ecological systems research framework that captures the complexity of interaction among people, wildlife, and environment, we studied five forest fragments near KNP and conducted intensive on-the-ground mapping to identify locations of human-primate spatial overlap...
December 6, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902348/micropepsis-pineolensis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-mildly-acidophilic-alphaproteobacterium-isolated-from-a-poor-fen-and-proposal-of-micropepsaceae-fam-nov-within-micropepsales-ord-nov
#11
Austin B Harbison, Laiken E Price, Michael D Flythe, Suzanna L Brauer
An obligately anaerobic, mildly acidophilic, fermentative alphaproteobacterium, designated strain CS4 T, was isolated from an acidic, oligotrophic (nutrient-poor) poor fen located near Pineola, NC, USA. Cultures contained Gram-negative staining, slightly curved, non-motile, non-spore forming, non-prosthecate rods (0.1-0.4 µm in diameter and 0.4-4 µm long, depending, in part, on the growth substrate). Growth optima were 35° C (range 15 - 35°C), pH 5.6 (range of 5.0 - 6.8), and with 0-50 mM added NaCl (range 0-100 mM added NaCl)...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902306/description-of-gloeomargarita-lithophora-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-thylakoid-bearing-basal-branching-cyanobacterium-with-intracellular-carbonates-and-proposal-for-gloeomargaritales-ord-nov
#12
David Moreira, Rosaluz Tavera, Karim Benzerara, Fériel Skouri-Panet, Estelle Couradeau, Emmanuelle Gérard, Céline Loussert Fonta, Eberto Novelo, Yvan Zivanovic, Purificación López-García
A unicellular cyanobacterium, strain Alchichica-D10, was isolated from microbialites of the alkaline Lake Alchichica, Mexico. The cells were short rods (3.9 ± 0.6 μm in length and 1.1 ± 0.1 μm in width) forming biofilms of intense emerald green color. They exhibited red autofluorescence under UV light excitation. UV-visible absorption spectra revealed that they contain chlorophyll a and phycocyanin, and electron microscopy showed the presence of thylakoids. The strain grew within a temperature range of 15-30 °C...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899749/long-term-risk-of-dementia-among-survivors-of-ischemic-or-hemorrhagic-stroke
#13
Priscila Corraini, Victor W Henderson, Anne G Ording, Lars Pedersen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Henrik T Sørensen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke is a risk factor for dementia, but the risk of dementia after different stroke types is poorly understood. We examined the long-term risk of dementia among survivors of any first-time stroke and of first-time ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: We conducted a 30-year nationwide population-based cohort study using data from Danish medical databases (1982-2013) covering all Danish hospitals...
January 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872571/weed-species-composition-and-distribution-pattern-in-the-maize-crop-under-the-influence-of-edaphic-factors-and-farming-practices-a-case-study-from-mardan-pakistan
#14
Zeeshan Ahmad, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Abdulaziz Abdullah Alqarawi, Abeer Hashem
Weeds are unwanted plant species growing in ordinary environment. In nature there are a total of 8000 weed species out of which 250 are important for agriculture world. The present study was carried out on weed species composition and distribution pattern with special reference to edaphic factor and farming practices in maize crop of District Mardan during the months of August and September, 2014. Quadrates methods were used to assess weed species distribution in relation to edaphic factor and farming practices...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872418/use-of-angle-independent-m-mode-sonography-for-assessment-of-diaphragm-displacement
#15
Sam R Orde, Andrea J Boon, Daniel G Firth, Hector R Villarraga, Hiroshi Sekiguchi
OBJECTIVES: Sonographic assessment of diaphragm displacement has conventionally been conducted with M-mode sonography via an anterior subcostal approach. This method is subject to measurement errors when diaphragm displacement is not in line with the M-mode plane. We aimed to compare measurements obtained by offline angle-independent (anatomic) M-mode sonography with conventional M-mode sonography. METHODS: Fifty healthy adults were imaged with conventional and angle-independent M-mode sonography of the bilateral hemidiaphragms at 60% maximal inspiratory capacity using an inspiratory spirometer...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869352/configurationally-stable-chiral-dithia-bridged-hetero-4-helicene-radical-cation-electronic-structure-and-absolute-configuration
#16
Bettina D Gliemann, Ana G Petrovic, Eva M Zolnhofer, Pavlo O Dral, Frank Hampel, Georg Breitenbruch, Philipp Schulze, Vijay Raghavan, Karsten Meyer, Prasad L Polavarapu, Nina Berova, Milan Kivala
A stable chiral hetero[4]helicene radical cation was synthesized and characterized by UV/Vis absorption and EPR spectroscopy, as well as X-ray crystallography. For the first time, a combination of chiroptical methods involving ECD, ORD, and VCD, supported by quantum mechanical predictions, enabled the elucidation of the absolute configuration of such open-shell helical species.
January 3, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812617/analysis-of-speech-and-tongue-motion-in-normal-and-post-glossectomy-speaker-using-cine-mri
#17
Jinhee Ha, Iel-Yong Sung, Jang-Ho Son, Maureen Stone, Robert Ord, Yeong-Cheol Cho
Objective: Since the tongue is the oral structure responsible for mastication, pronunciation, and swallowing functions, patients who undergo glossectomy can be affected in various aspects of these functions. The vowel /i/ uses the tongue shape, whereas /u/ uses tongue and lip shapes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the morphological changes of the tongue and the adaptation of pronunciation using cine MRI for speech of patients who undergo glossectomy. Material and Methods: Twenty-three controls (11 males and 12 females) and 13 patients (eight males and five females) volunteered to participate in the experiment...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783645/spatial-and-social-media-data-analytics-of-housing-prices-in-shenzhen-china
#18
Chao Wu, Xinyue Ye, Fu Ren, You Wan, Pengfei Ning, Qingyun Du
Housing is among the most pressing issues in urban China and has received considerable scholarly attention. Researchers have primarily concentrated on identifying the factors that influence residential property prices and how such mechanisms function. However, few studies have examined the potential factors that influence housing prices from a big data perspective. In this article, we use a big data perspective to determine the willingness of buyers to pay for various factors. The opinions and geographical preferences of individuals for places can be represented by visit frequencies given different motivations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766355/mariprofundus-micogutta-sp-nov-a-novel-iron-oxidizing-zetaproteobacterium-isolated-from-a-deep-sea-hydrothermal-field-at-the-bayonnaise-knoll-of-the-izu-ogasawara-arc-and-a-description-of-mariprofundales-ord-nov-and-zetaproteobacteria-classis-nov
#19
Hiroko Makita, Emiko Tanaka, Satoshi Mitsunobu, Masayuki Miyazaki, Takuro Nunoura, Katsuyuki Uematsu, Yoshihiro Takaki, Shinro Nishi, Shigeru Shimamura, Ken Takai
A novel iron-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophic bacterium, strain ET2(T), was isolated from a deep-sea sediment in a hydrothermal field of the Bayonnaise knoll of the Izu-Ogasawara arc. Cells were bean-shaped, curved short rods. Growth was observed at a temperature range of 15-30 °C (optimum 25 °C, doubling time 24 h) and a pH range of 5.8-7.0 (optimum pH 6.4) in the presence of NaCl at a range of 1.0-4.0 % (optimum 2.75 %). The isolate was a microaerophilic, strict chemolithoautotroph capable of growing using ferrous iron and molecular oxygen (O2) as the sole electron donor and acceptor, respectively; carbon dioxide as the sole carbon source; and either ammonium or nitrate as the sole nitrogen source...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742680/disentangling-the-taxonomy-of-rickettsiales-and-description-of-two-novel-symbionts-candidatus-bealeia-paramacronuclearis-and-candidatus-fokinia-cryptica-sharing-the-cytoplasm-of-the-ciliate-protist-paramecium-biaurelia
#20
Franziska Szokoli, Michele Castelli, Elena Sabaneyeva, Martina Schrallhammer, Sascha Krenek, Thomas G Doak, Thomas U Berendonk, Giulio Petroni
In the past 10 years, the number of endosymbionts described within the bacterial order Rickettsiales has constantly grown. Since 2006, 18 novel Rickettsiales genera inhabiting protists, such as ciliates and amoebae, have been described. In this work, we characterize two novel bacterial endosymbionts from Paramecium collected near Bloomington, IN. Both endosymbiotic species inhabit the cytoplasm of the same host. The Gram-negative bacterium "Candidatus Bealeia paramacronuclearis" occurs in clumps and is frequently associated with the host macronucleus...
December 15, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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