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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821371/at-the-intersection-of-place-race-and-health-in-brazil-residential-segregation-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#1
Sharrelle Barber, Ana V Diez Roux, Letícia Cardoso, Simone Santos, Veronica Toste, Sherman James, Sandhi Barreto, Maria Schmidt, Luana Giatti, Dora Chor
Residential segregation is the spatial manifestation of entrenched socioeconomic and racial inequities and is considered a fundamental cause of racial inequalities in health. Despite the well-documented racialized spatial inequalities that exist in urban areas throughout Brazil, few empirical investigations have examined the link between residential segregation and health and considered its implications for racial health inequalities in this setting. In the present study, we used data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (2008-2010) to examine the association between economic residential segregation and two major cardio-metabolic risk factors-hypertension and diabetes...
May 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811885/manipulation-of-habitat-isolation-and-area-implicates-deterministic-factors-and-limited-neutrality-in-community-assembly
#2
Terry J Ord, Jack Emblen, Mattias Hagman, Ryan Shofner, Sara Unruh
Theory predicts deterministic and stochastic factors will contribute to community assembly in different ways: Environmental filters should regulate those species that establish in a particular area resulting in the ecological requirements of species being the primary driver of species distributions, while chance and dispersal limitation should dictate the likelihood of species reaching certain areas with the ecology of species being largely neutral. These factors are specifically relevant for understanding how the area and isolation of different habitats or islands interact to affect community composition...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796664/interaction-of-health-care-worker-health-and-safety-and-patient-health-and-safety-in-the-us-health-care-system-recommendations-from-the-2016-summit
#3
Ronald Loeppke, Jodie Boldrighini, John Bowe, Barbara Braun, Erik Eggins, Barry S Eisenberg, Paul Grundy, Todd Hohn, T Warner Hudson, John Kannas, E Andrew Kapp, Doris Konicki, Paul Larson, Stephanie McCutcheon, Robert K McLellan, Julie Ording, Charlotte Perkins, Mark Russi, Cindy Stutts, Mary Yarbrough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771119/silvanigrella-aquatica-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-freshwater-lake-description-of-silvanigrellaceae-fam-nov-and-silvanigrellales-ord-nov-reclassification-of-the-order-bdellovibrionales-in-the-class-oligoflexia-reclassification-of-the-families-bacteriovoracaceae
#4
Martin W Hahn, Johanna Schmidt, Ulrike Koll, Manfred Rohde, Susanne Verbarg, Alexandra Pitt, Ryosuke Nakai, Takeshi Naganuma, Elke Lang
The unusual chemo-organoheterotrophic proteobacterial strain MWH-Nonnen-W8redT was isolated from a lake located in the Black Forest (Schwarzwald), Germany, by using the filtration-acclimatization method. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the strain could not provide clear hints on classification of the strain in one of the current classes of the phylum Proteobacteria. Whole-genome sequencing resulted in a genome size of 3.5 Mbp and revealed a quite low DNA G+C content of 32.6 mol%...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769677/a-review-of-the-flea-genus-phalacropsylla-rothschild-1915-siphonaptera-ctenophthalmidae-neopsyllinae-phalacropsyllini-with-new-host-and-distributional-records
#5
Roxana Acosta, Michael W Hastriter
A redescription of the genus Phalacropsylla Rothschild is provided. Six species are recognized: Phalacropsylla allos Wagner, P. hamata Tipton and Mendez, P. morlani Eads and Campos, P. nivalis Barrera and Traub, P. oregonensis Lewis and Maser, and P. paradisea Rothschild. Phalacropsylla hamata is designated herein as a junior synonym of P. paradisea. The distribution of P. paradisea is more extensive than previously thought, extending from Arizona through southern Colorado, into New Mexico, Texas, and northern Mexico (State of Nuevo León)...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758193/melanopsin-ganglion-cell-outer-retinal-dendrites-morphologically-distinct-and-asymmetrically-distributed-in-the-mouse-retina
#6
Katelyn B Sondereker, Jessica R Onyak, Shakib W Islam, Christopher L Ross, Jordan M Renna
A small population of retinal ganglion cells express the photopigment melanopsin and function as autonomous photoreceptors. They encode global luminance levels critical for light-mediated non-image forming visual processes including circadian rhythms and the pupillary light reflex. There are five melanopsin ganglion cell subtypes (M1-M5). M1 and displaced M1 (M1d) cells have dendrites that ramify within the outermost layer of the inner plexiform layer (IPL). It was recently discovered that some melanopsin ganglion cells extend dendrites into the outer retina...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753971/spatio-temporal-variation-of-longevity-clusters-and-the-influence-of-social-development-level-on-lifespan-in-a-chinese-longevous-area-1982-2010
#7
Jian Qin, Guoqi Yu, Tianlong Xia, You Li, Xue Liang, Peng Wei, Bingshuang Long, Mingzhi Lei, Xiao Wei, Xianyan Tang, Zhiyong Zhang
The study aims to determine the spatial and temporal variation of a longevous region and explore the correlation between longevity and socioeconomic development. Population data at the township level were obtained from the last four population censuses (1982-2010). Five main lifespan indicators and the Human Development Index (HDI) were calculated. Getis-Ord G*, Gravity modeling, and Pearson's r between lifespan indicators and HDI were applied. In this study, a stable longevous gathering area was discovered in Hechi during different periods...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751721/evidence-for-a-role-of-trib3-in-the-regulation-of-megakaryocytopoiesis
#8
Lee Butcher, Maninder Ahluwalia, Tiit Örd, Jessica Johnston, Roger H Morris, Endre Kiss-Toth, Tõnis Örd, Jorge D Erusalimsky
Megakaryocytopoiesis is a complex differentiation process driven by the hormone thrombopoietin by which haematopoietic progenitor cells give rise to megakaryocytes, the giant bone marrow cells that in turn break down to form blood platelets. The Tribbles Pseudokinase 3 gene (TRIB3) encodes a pleiotropic protein increasingly implicated in the regulation of cellular differentiation programmes. Previous studies have hinted that TRIB3 could be also involved in megakaryocytopoiesis but its role in this process has so far not been investigated...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747815/identification-of-very-small-open-reading-frames-in-the-genomes-of-holmes-jungle-virus-ord-river-virus-and-wongabel-virus-of-the-genus-hapavirus-family-rhabdoviridae
#9
REVIEW
Aneta Gubala, Susan Walsh, Jane McAllister, Richard Weir, Steven Davis, Lorna Melville, Ian Mitchell, Dieter Bulach, Penny Gauci, Alex Skvortsov, David Boyle
Viruses of the family Rhabdoviridae infect a broad range of hosts from a variety of ecological and geographical niches, including vertebrates, arthropods, and plants. The arthropod-transmitted members of this family display considerable genetic diversity and remarkable genomic flexibility that enable coding for various accessory proteins in different locations of the genome. Here, we describe the genome of Holmes Jungle virus, isolated from Culex annulirostris mosquitoes collected in northern Australia, and make detailed comparisons with the closely related Ord River and Wongabel viruses, with a focus on identifying very small open reading frames (smORFs) in their genomes...
2017: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738782/space-and-space-time-distributions-of-dengue-in-a-hyper-endemic-urban-space-the-case-of-girardot-colombia
#10
Mauricio Fuentes-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a widely spread vector-borne disease. Dengue cases in the Americas have increased over the last few decades, affecting various urban spaces throughout these continents, including the tourism-oriented city of Girardot, Colombia. Interactions among mosquitoes, pathogens and humans have recently been examined using different temporal and spatial scales in attempts to determine the roles that social and ecological systems play in dengue transmission. The current work characterizes the spatial and temporal behaviours of dengue in Girardot and discusses the potential territorial dynamics related to the distribution of this disease...
July 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715359/attempting-to-validate-the-over-under-triage-matrix-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#11
James W Davis, Rachel C Dirks, Lawrence P Sue, Krista L Kaups
BACKGROUND: The Optimal Resources Document (ORD) mandates trauma activation based on injury mechanism, physiologic and anatomic criteria and recommends using the over/undertriage matrix (Matrix) to evaluate the appropriateness of trauma team activation. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the Matrix method by comparing patients appropriately triaged with those undertriaged. We hypothesized that these two groups are different and Matrix does not discriminate the needs or outcomes of these different groups of patients...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705247/detecting-impaired-myocardial-relaxation-in-sepsis-with-a-novel-tissue-doppler-parameter-septal-e-s
#12
David J Clancy, Michel Slama, Stephen Huang, Timothy Scully, Anthony S McLean, Sam R Orde
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is associated with mortality outcomes in severe sepsis and septic shock. There are ongoing issues with diagnosing diastolic dysfunction in this cohort, partly owing to the poor applicability of traditional parameters in the hyperdynamic circulation. In this feasibility study, we sought to assess the utility of a novel parameter (septal e'/s') to identify diastolic dysfunction in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock who had normal systolic function against the 2016 American Society Echocardiography and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (ASE/EACI) guidelines on diastolic dysfunction...
July 14, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685341/assessment-of-the-potential-health-risks-of-heavy-metals-in-soils-in-a-coastal-industrial-region-of-the-yangtze-river-delta
#13
Bifeng Hu, Jiayu Wang, Bin Jin, Yan Li, Zhou Shi
Soil heavy metal contamination is a serious environmental problem. Human beings may be directly exposed to heavy metals in soils through the inhalation of soil particles, dermal contact, and oral ingestion, which can seriously threaten health. This study assesses the health risks associated with heavy metals in soils by determining the concentrations of eight heavy metals (Cr, Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cu, Zn, and Ni) based on 2051 surface-soil samples collected from the southern Yangtze River Delta of China. The mean concentrations were higher than the corresponding background values in Zhejiang Province and China as a whole, indicating an accumulation of heavy metals...
July 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677402/examining-how-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-geographic-accessibility-and-informational-accessibility-influence-the-uptake-of-a-free-population-level-physical-activity-intervention-for-children
#14
Andrew F Clark, Piotr Wilk, Christine A Mitchell, Christine Smith, Josh Archer, Jason A Gilliland
PURPOSE: To evaluate the uptake of ACT-i-Pass (G5AP), a physical activity (PA) intervention that provides free access to PA opportunities, and to understand the extent to which the intervention provides equitable access to children. DESIGN: This study evaluates the differences in uptake (ie, enrollment) by comparing postal codes of registrants with the postal codes of all eligible children. SETTING: Children were provided the opportunity to register for the G5AP during the 2014 to 2015 school year in London, Canada...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629168/assessing-statistically-significant-heavy-metal-concentrations-in-abandoned-mine-areas-via-hot-spot-analysis-of-portable-xrf-data
#15
Sung-Min Kim, Yosoon Choi
To develop appropriate measures to prevent soil contamination in abandoned mining areas, an understanding of the spatial variation of the potentially toxic trace elements (PTEs) in the soil is necessary. For the purpose of effective soil sampling, this study uses hot spot analysis, which calculates a z-score based on the Getis-Ord Gi* statistic to identify a statistically significant hot spot sample. To constitute a statistically significant hot spot, a feature with a high value should also be surrounded by other features with high values...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601512/epidemiology-of-fentanyl-involved-drug-overdose-deaths-a-geospatial-retrospective-study-in-rhode-island-usa
#16
Brandon D L Marshall, Maxwell S Krieger, Jesse L Yedinak, Patricia Ogera, Priya Banerjee, Nicole E Alexander-Scott, Josiah D Rich, Traci C Green
BACKGROUND: We conducted an epidemiological investigation of fentanyl and non-fentanyl overdose deaths in Rhode Island to inform overdose prevention efforts. METHODS: All drug overdose deaths occurring in Rhode Island between January 1, 2014 and September 30, 2016 were included. Overdose circumstances and decedent characteristics were ascertained from medical examiner files. Toxicological reports provided quantification of fentanyl and metabolites. ArcGIS was used to map exact overdose locations...
June 7, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595668/spatiotemporal-analysis-of-tuberculosis-incidence-and-its-associated-factors-in-mainland-china
#17
C Guo, Y DU, S Q Shen, X Q Lao, J Qian, C Q Ou
Spatiotemporal analysis is an important tool to monitor changes of tuberculosis (TB) epidemiology, identify high-risk regions and guide resource allocation. However, there are limited data on the contributing factors of TB incidence. This study aimed to investigate the spatiotemporal pattern of TB incidence and its associated factors in mainland China during 2005-2013. Global Moran's I test, Getis-Ord Gi index and heat maps were used to examine the spatial clustering and seasonal patterns. Generalized Linear Mixed Model was applied to identify factors associated with TB incidence...
September 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551981/fotodynamisk-behandling-av-vulvasykdom
#18
Anne Lise Ording Helgesen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551337/margin-analysis-malignant-salivary-gland-neoplasms-of-the-head-and-neck
#19
REVIEW
Robert A Ord, Naseem Ghazali
There are no established protocols for the optimum surgical margin required for salivary gland malignancies. Factors including histologic diagnosis and TNM stage have been shown to be important in prognosis and survival outcome and mandate special consideration of margin size. Salivary cancers are treated differently at different anatomic sites, and different histologic types show a propensity for major or minor glands. Low-grade malignancies are treated with soft tissue margins of 1 cm or less. The facial nerve is preserved unless infiltrated and encased...
August 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544489/thromboembolic-and-bleeding-complications-during-oral-anticoagulation-therapy-in-cancer-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-danish-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Anne G Ording, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Kasper Adelborg, Lars Pedersen, Paolo Prandoni, Henrik T Sørensen
Coexisting cancer in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has been associated with thromboembolism and bleeding. We used Danish population-based medical databases to conduct a population-based cohort study that included all AF patients who redeemed a prescription for vitamin K antagonists (VKA) or non-VKA oral anticoagulant (NOAC) between July 2004 and December 2013. We characterized these patients according to the presence (N = 11,855) or absence (N = 56,264) of a cancer diagnosis before redemption of their oral anticoagulant prescription, and then examined their 1-year risk of thromboembolic or bleeding complications or death...
June 2017: Cancer Medicine
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