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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457645/research-review-test-retest-reliability-of-standardized-diagnostic-interviews-to-assess-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Laura Duncan, Jinette Comeau, Li Wang, Irene Vitoroulis, Michael H Boyle, Kathryn Bennett
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of factors contributing to the observed variability in estimates of test-retest reliability in published studies on standardized diagnostic interviews (SDI) is needed. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the pooled test-retest reliability for parent and youth assessments of seven common disorders, and to examine sources of between-study heterogeneity in reliability. METHODS: Following a systematic review of the literature, multilevel random effects meta-analyses were used to analyse 202 reliability estimates (Cohen's kappa = ҡ) from 31 eligible studies and 5,369 assessments of 3,344 children and youth...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457477/enabling-choice-recovery-and-participation-evidence-based-early-intervention-support-for-psychosocial-disability-in-the-national-disability-insurance-scheme
#2
Laura Hayes, Lisa Brophy, Carol Harvey, Juan Jose Tellez, Helen Herrman, Eoin Killackey
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the most effective interventions for early intervention in psychosocial disability in the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) through an evidence review. METHODS: A series of rapid reviews were undertaken to establish possible interventions for psychosocial disability, to develop our understanding of early intervention criteria for the NDIS and to determine which interventions would meet these criteria. RESULTS: Three interventions (social skills training, supported employment and supported housing) have a strong evidence base for effectiveness in early intervention in people with psychosocial disability, with the potential for adoption by the NDIS...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455935/engineering-pgpmos-through-gene-editing-and-systems-biology-a-solution-for-phytoremediation
#3
REVIEW
Supratim Basu, Roel C Rabara, Sangeeta Negi, Pratyoosh Shukla
In light of extensive urbanization and deforestation, toxic wastes are being released into the atmosphere, causing increased air and soil pollution. Conventional methods of soil remediation are time consuming and labor and cost intensive, rendering them uneconomical to maintain sustainable agriculture. One solution is to use natural resources like plants and microbes for phytoremediation. A thorough systemic knowledge of plant-microbe interactions will allow the use of gene editing and gene manipulation techniques to increase the efficiency of plants in phytoremediation...
February 15, 2018: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455856/towards-the-development-of-a-modeling-framework-to-track-nitrogen-export-from-lowland-artificial-watersheds-polders
#4
Jiacong Huang, George B Arhonditsis, Junfeng Gao, Dong-Kyun Kim, Feifei Dong
Excess nitrogen (N) export from lowland artificial watersheds (polders) is often assumed to be a major contributor to the cultural eutrophication of downstream aquatic ecosystems. However, the complex transport processes characterizing lowland areas pose significant challenges in accurately quantifying their actual role. In this study, we developed a dynamic model to track N sources and transport pathways in lowland polders. The model is able to accommodate all the unique characteristics of polder dynamics, including artificial drainage, and interactions among surface water, groundwater and soil water...
April 15, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455843/the-potential-for-spills-and-leaks-of-contaminated-liquids-from-shale-gas-developments
#5
S A Clancy, F Worrall, R J Davies, J G Gluyas
Rapid growth of hydraulic fracturing for shale gas within the USA and the possibility of shale developments within Europe has created public concern about the risks of spills and leaks associated with the industry. Reports from the Texas Railroad Commission (1999 to 2015) and the Colorado Oil and Gas Commission (2009 to 2015) were used to examine spill rates from oil and gas well pads. Pollution incident records for England and road transport incident data for the UK were examined as an analogue for potential offsite spills associated with transport for a developing shale industry...
January 31, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455617/the-role-of-premorbid-adjustment-in-schizophrenia-focus-on-cognitive-remediation-outcome
#6
Mariachiara Buonocore, Francesca Bosinelli, Margherita Bechi, Marco Spangaro, Marco Piantanida, Federica Cocchi, Laura Bianchi, Carmelo Guglielmino, Antonella Rita Mastromatteo, Roberto Cavallaro, Marta Bosia
Premorbid adjustment has been associated with several outcomes in schizophrenia and has been proposed as an index of cognitive reserve. This study aims to comprehensively analyse the relation between premorbid adjustment and clinical, neurocognitive, socio-cognitive and functional assessments, as well as to investigate the effect of premorbid adjustment on cognitive improvements after a cognitive remediation therapy protocol. Seventy-nine clinically stabilised outpatients with schizophrenia underwent a combined intervention consisting of cognitive remediation therapy added to standard rehabilitation therapy...
February 19, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455528/uranyl-to-uranium-iv-conversion-through-manipulation-of-axial-and-equatorial-ligands
#7
Nicola L Bell, Brian Shaw, Polly L Arnold, Jason B Love
The controlled manipulation of the axial oxo and equatorial halide ligands in the uranyl dipyrrin complex, UO2Cl(L) allows the uranyl reduction potential to be shifted by 1.53 V into the range accessible to naturally occurring reductants that are present during uranium remediation and storage processes. Abstraction of the equatorial halide ligand to form the uranyl cation causes a 780 mV positive shift in the UV/UIV reduction potential. Borane-functionalization of the axial oxo groups causes the spontaneous homolysis of the equatorial U-Cl bond and a further 750 mV shift of this potential...
February 18, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455352/electrokinetic-fenton-remediation-of-organochlorine-pesticides-from-historically-polluted-soil
#8
Maofei Ni, Shulei Tian, Qifei Huang, Yanmei Yang
Soil contamination by persistent organic pollutants (POPs) poses a great threat to historically polluted soil worldwide. In this study, soils were characterized, and organochlorine pesticides contained in the soils were identified and quantified. Individual electrokinetic (IE), EK-Fenton-coupled technologies (EF), and enhanced EK-Fenton treatment (E-1, E-2, and E-3) were applied to remediate soils contaminated with hexachloro-cyclohexane soprocide (HCH) and dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT). Variation of pH, electrical conductivity, and electroosmotic flow was evaluated during the EK-Fenton process...
February 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454988/effect-of-bacillus-subtilis-and-nta-apg-on-pyrene-dissipation-in-phytoremediation-of-nickel-co-contaminated-wetlands-by-scirpus-triqueter
#9
Xiaoyan Liu, Xiaoxin Hu, Xinying Zhang, Xueping Chen, Jing Chen, Xiaoyu Yuan
A complex mix of organic pollutants and heavy metal made the remediation of contaminated wetlands more difficult. Few research focus on the remediation for pyrene enhanced by chemical reagents and pyrene degrading bacteria in the nickel co-contaminated soil. In this paper, the effect of chemical reagents (nitrilotriacetic acid and alkyl polyglucoside) and Bacillus subtilis on pyrene dissipation in phytoremediation of nickel co-contaminated soil by Scirpus triqueter was investigated. Similar seedlings of Scirpus triqueter were moved to uncontaminated soil and pyrene-nickel co-contaminated soil...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454971/overexpression-of-ptabcc1-contributes-to-mercury-tolerance-and-accumulation-in-arabidopsis-and-poplar
#10
Liping Sun, Yifeng Ma, Huihong Wang, Weipeng Huang, Xiaozhu Wang, Li Han, Wanmei Sun, Erqin Han, Bangjun Wang
Mercury (Hg) is a highly biotoxic heavy metal that contaminates the environment. Phytoremediation is a green technology for environmental remediation and is used to clean up Hg contaminated soil in recent years. In this study, we isolated an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter gene PtABCC1 from Populus trichocarpa and overexpressed it in Arabidopsis and poplar. The transgenic plants conferred higher Hg tolerance than wild type (WT) plants, and overexpression of PtABCC1 could lead to 26-72% or 7-160% increase of Hg accumulation in Arabidopsis or poplar plants, respectively...
February 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454925/a-mechanistic-study-of-stable-dispersion-of-titanium-oxide-nanoparticles-by-humic-acid
#11
Yin Chen, Qian Gao, Weixiao Chen, Fan Wu, Yu Yang, David Werner, Shu Tao, Xilong Wang
Stable dispersion of nanoparticles with environmentally-friendly materials is important for their various applications including environmental remediation. In this study, we systematically examined the mechanisms of stable dispersion of two types of TiO2 nanoparticles (TNPs) with anatase and rutile crystalline structures by naturally occurring dissolved organic matter (humic acid) at different pHs, including at, below and above the Point of Zero Charge (PZC). The results showed that stable dispersion of TNPs by humic acid (HA) at all pHs tested can only be achieved with the assistance of ultra-sonication...
February 7, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454276/use-of-mixed-wastewaters-from-piggery-and-winery-for-nutrient-removal-and-lipid-production-by-chlorella-sp-mm3
#12
Vimalkumar Ganeshkumar, Suresh R Subashchandrabose, Rajarathnam Dharmarajan, Kadiyala Venkateswarlu, Ravi Naidu, Mallavarapu Megharaj
The larger-scale generation of piggery and winery wastewaters and consequent eutrophication are quite alarming, necessitating the use of a cost-effective treatment. This study attempted to remediate wastewaters from piggery and winery mixed in the ratios of 20:80, 50:50, 80:20, 100:0 and 0:100, in terms of nutrient removal and subsequent lipid accumulation by soil microalga, Chlorella sp. MM3. The per cent removal of total nitrogen and phosphates by the alga from mixed wastewaters within 10-days ranged between 51 and 89 and 26-49, respectively...
February 6, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454247/tolerance-and-growth-kinetics-of-bacteria-isolated-from-gold-and-gemstone-mining-sites-in-response-to-heavy-metal-concentrations
#13
Oluwatosin Gbemisola Oladipo, Obinna Tobechukwu Ezeokoli, Mark Steve Maboeta, Jacobus Johannes Bezuidenhout, Louwrens R Tiedt, Anine Jordaan, Cornelius Carlos Bezuidenhout
Response and growth kinetics of microbes in contaminated medium are useful indices for the screening and selection of tolerant species for eco-friendly bio-augmentative remediation of polluted environments. In this study, the heavy metal (HM) tolerance, bioaccumulation and growth kinetics of seven bacterial strains isolated from mining sites to 10 HMs (Cd, Hg, Ni, Al, Cr, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn) at varied concentrations (25-600 mgL -1 ) were investigated. The isolates were phylogenetically (16S rRNA gene) related to Lysinibacillus macroides, Achromobacter spanius, Bacillus kochii, B...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454170/enhanced-electrokinetic-remediation-of-polluted-soils-by-anolyte-ph-conditioning
#14
R López Vizcaíno, A Yustres, L Asensio, C Saez, P Cañizares, M A Rodrigo, V Navarro
In the treatment of a polluted soil, the pH has a strong impact on the development of different physicochemical processes as precipitation/dissolution, adsorption/desorption or ionic exchange. In addition, the pH determines the chemical speciation of the compounds present in the system and, consequently, it conditions the transport processes by which those compounds will move. This question has aroused great interest in the development of pH control technologies coupled to soil remediation processes. In electrokinetic remediation processes, pH has usually been controlled by catholyte pH conditioning with acid solutions, applied to cases of heavy metals pollution...
February 9, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453259/common-hydraulic-fracturing-fluid-additives-alter-the-structure-and-function-of-anaerobic-microbial-communities
#15
Adam C Mumford, Denise M Akob, J Grace Klinges, Isabelle M Cozzarelli
The development of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) resources results in production of large volumes of wastewater containing a complex mixture of hydraulic fracturing chemical additives and components from the formation. Release of these wastewaters into the environment poses potential risks that are poorly understood. Microbial communities in stream sediments form the base of the food chain, and may serve as sentinels for changes in stream health. Iron reducing organisms have been shown to play a role in the biodegradation of a wide range of organic compounds, and to evaluate their response to UOG wastewater, we enriched anaerobic microbial communities from sediments collected upstream (background) and downstream (impacted) of an UOG wastewater injection disposal facility in the presence of hydraulic fracturing fluid (HFF) additives: guar gum, ethylene glycol, and two biocides, DBNPA and Bronopol...
February 16, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453100/nanoscale-zero-valent-iron-assisted-phytoremediation-of-pb-in-sediment-impacts-on-metal-accumulation-and-antioxidative-system-of-lolium-perenne
#16
Danlian Huang, Xiang Qin, Zhiwei Peng, Yunguo Liu, Xiaomin Gong, Guangming Zeng, Chao Huang, Min Cheng, Wenjing Xue, Xi Wang, Zhengxun Hu
Lead (Pb) is a highly toxic environmental pollutant, and could result in toxic effects on living organisms. The effects of 0, 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg of nZVI on plant growth, Pb accumulation and antioxidative responses of Lolium perenne were investigated. Results showed that the total Pb contents in L. perenne with the treatment of low concentrations of nZVI (100, 200 and 500 mg/kg) were higher than those in the non-nZVI treatments, and the highest Pb accumulation capacity of 1175.40 μg per pot was observed in L...
February 13, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452564/when-consent-does-not-help-challenges-to-women-s-access-to-a-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-section-and-the-limitations-of-the-informed-consent-doctrine
#17
Hindi E Stohl
Pregnant women with a prior cesarean delivery face challenges in accessing a vaginal birth due to both hospital and provider preferences and practices. Although the doctrine of informed consent secures women's reproductive rights, it is not a viable legal remedy. Instead, women should champion increased maternity-related education and transparency as well as medical malpractice reform to increase the desired access.
November 2017: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451873/in-silico-analysis-of-antibiotic-induced-clostridium-difficile-infection-remediation-techniques-and-biological-adaptations
#18
Eric W Jones, Jean M Carlson
In this paper we study antibiotic-induced C. difficile infection (CDI), caused by the toxin-producing C. difficile (CD), and implement clinically-inspired simulated treatments in a computational framework that synthesizes a generalized Lotka-Volterra (gLV) model with SIR modeling techniques. The gLV model uses parameters derived from an experimental mouse model, in which the mice are administered antibiotics and subsequently dosed with CD. We numerically identify which of the experimentally measured initial conditions are vulnerable to CD colonization, then formalize the notion of CD susceptibility analytically...
February 16, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451419/physical-exercise-nutrition-and-hormones-three-pillars-to-fight-sarcopenia
#19
Paolo Sgrò, Massimiliano Sansone, Andrea Sansone, Stefania Sabatini, Paolo Borrione, Francesco Romanelli, Luigi Di Luigi
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a pathophysiological condition diffused in elderly people; it represents a social issue due to the longer life expectancy and the growing aging population. It affects negatively quality of life and it represents a risk factor for other pathologies, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. No silver bullet exists to hinder sarcopenia, but it may be counteracted by physical exercise, nutrition, and a proper endocrine milieu. Indeed, we aim to analyze the scientific literature to give to clinician effective advices to counteract sarcopenia...
February 16, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450775/simultaneous-immobilization-of-cadmium-and-lead-in-contaminated-soils-by-hybrid-bio-nanocomposites-of-fungal-hyphae-and-nano-hydroxyapatites
#20
Zhihui Yang, Lifen Liang, Weichun Yang, Wei Shi, Yunping Tong, Liyuan Chai, Shikang Gao, Qi Liao
Self-aggregation of bulk nano-hydroxyapatites (n-HAPs) undermines their immobilization efficiencies of heavy metals in the contaminated soils. Here, the low-cost, easily obtained, and environment-friendly filamentous fungi have been introduced for the bio-matrices of the hybrid bio-nanocomposites to potentially solve such problem of n-HAPs. According to SEM, TEM, XRD, and FT-IR analyses, n-HAPs were successfully coated onto the fungal hyphae and their self-aggregation was improved. The immobilization efficiencies of diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid (DTPA)-extractable Cd and Pb in the contaminated soils by the bio-nanocomposites were individually one to four times of that by n-HAPs or the fungal hyphae...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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