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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667028/a-review-of-commercial-and-medical-grade-physiological-monitoring-devices-for-biofeedback-assisted-quality-of-life-improvement-studies
#1
Pedro Nogueira, Joana Urbano, Luís Paulo Reis, Henrique Lopes Cardoso, Daniel Castro Silva, Ana Paula Rocha, Joaquim Gonçalves, Brígida Mónica Faria
With the rise in wearable technology and "health culture", we are seeing an increasing interest and affordances in studying how to not only prolong life expectancy but also in how to improve individuals' quality of life. On the one hand, this attempts to give meaning to the increasing life expectancy, as living above a certain threshold of pain and lack of autonomy or mobility is both degrading and unfair. On the other hand, it lowers the cost of continuous care, as individuals with high quality of life indexes tend to have lower hospital readmissions or secondary complications, not to mention higher physical and mental health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665040/discovery-characterization-and-clinical-utility-of-prostaglandin-agonists-for-the-treatment-of-glaucoma
#2
REVIEW
Peter G Klimko, Najam A Sharif
Topical ophthalmic formulations of analogs of the endogenous arachidonic acid cyclooxygenase metabolite, prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α ), are the standard of care for treating the blinding disease glaucoma. These are the most potent and efficacious medical therapies for lowering intraocular pressure (IOP), the most important identified risk factor for disease progression. They have few side-effects and offer the convenience of once-a-day dosing. It was initially believed that endogenous PGs raised IOP and caused substantial ocular surface adverse effects...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664956/you-pray-to-your-god-a-qualitative-analysis-of-challenges-in-the-provision-of-safe-timely-and-affordable-surgical-care-in-uganda
#3
Katherine Albutt, Rachel R Yorlets, Maria Punchak, Peter Kayima, Didacus B Namanya, Geoffrey A Anderson, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Five billion people lack access to safe, affordable, and timely surgical and anesthesia care. Significant challenges remain in the provision of surgical care in low-resource settings. Uganda is no exception. METHODS: From September to November 2016, we conducted a mixed-methods countrywide surgical capacity assessment at 17 randomly selected public hospitals in Uganda. Researchers conducted 35 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders to understand factors related to the provision of surgical care...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663966/access-to-asthma-medicines-at-the-household-level-in-eight-counties-of-kenya
#4
D Barakat, P C Rockers, T Vian, M A Onyango, R O Laing, V J Wirtz
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that about 4 million Kenyans, i.e., 10% of the country's population, have asthma. We aimed to evaluate access to asthma medicines at the household level in eight counties of Kenya, including factors associated with location of purchase. METHODS: Individuals with a diagnosis and prescription of asthma medicines were asked about the location of diagnosis, purchase of medicines, availability of medicines at home and costs of medicines per month...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663343/patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act-medicaid-expansion-and-gains-in-health-insurance-coverage-and-access-among-cancer-survivors
#5
Sayeh S Nikpay, Margaret G Tebbs, Emily H Castellanos
BACKGROUND: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act extends Medicaid coverage to millions of low-income adults, including many survivors of cancer who were unable to purchase affordable health insurance coverage in the individual health insurance market. METHODS: Using data from the 2011 to 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the authors compared changes in coverage and health care access measures for low-income cancer survivors in states that did and did not expand Medicaid...
April 17, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662983/the-recognition-of-glycans-by-protein-receptors-insights-from-nmr-spectroscopy
#6
Ana Ardá, Jesús Jiménez-Barbero
Carbohydrates (glycans, saccharides, sugars) are everywhere. In fact, glycan-protein interactions are involved in many essential processes of life and disease. The understanding of the key structural details at the atomic and molecular level is of paramount importance to effectively design molecules for therapeutic purposes. Different approximations may be employed to decipher these molecular recognition processes with high resolution. Advances in cryo-electron microscopy are providing exquisite details on different biological mechanisms involving sugars, while better and better protocols for structural refinement in the application of X-ray methods for protein-sugar complexes and glycoproteins are also permitting fantastic advances in the glycoscience arena...
April 17, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661552/skin-banking-at-a-regional-burns-centre-the-way-forward
#7
Sunil Manohar Keswani, Mukesh Gopinath Mishra, Shilpa Karnik, Shruti Dutta, Mamata Mishra, Sangita Panda, Reshmi Varghese, Tanvi Virkar, Vaishna Upendran
In India approximately 1 million people get burnt every year and most of them are from the lower or middle income strata. Therefore it is obligatory to find out an economic way of treatment for the affected populace. Since use of human skin allograft is the gold standard for the treatment of burn wound, in-house skin banking for a burn unit hospital is prerequisite to make the treatment procedure affordable. Although, there was one skin bank at India till 2009, but it was difficult for a single bank to cover the entire country's need...
April 13, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660967/a-call-for-implementing-preferred-practices-for-brain-injury-screening-in-youth-to-improve-transition
#8
Drew A Nagele, Melissa McCart, Stephen R Hooper
BACKGROUND: It is vital to engage in systematic screening to identify and serve children who may have sustained an acquired brain injury (ABI) - either traumatic or non-traumatic, so they can be successfully transitioned between environments and life stages. This is particularly important for children and adolescents given the impact an ABI can have on learning and social functioning over the course of the neurodevelopmental process. A pattern of repeated, undiagnosed mild brain injuries may lead to mood or behavior disorders, learning problems...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659334/influencing-republicans-and-democrats-attitudes-towards-obamacare-effects-of-imagined-vicarious-cognitive-dissonance-on-political-attitudes
#9
Joel Cooper, Lauren A Feldman, Shane F Blackman
The field of experimental social psychology is appropriately interested in using novel theoretical approaches to implement change in the social world. In the current study, we extended cognitive dissonance theory by creating a new framework of social influence: imagined vicarious dissonance. We used the framework to influence attitudes on an important and controversial political attitude: U.S. citizens' support for the Affordable Care Act (ACA). 36 Republicans and 84 Democrats were asked to imagine fellow Republicans and Democrats, respectively, making attitude discrepant statements under high and low choice conditions about support for the ACA...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656703/the-ethics-of-concurrent-care-for-children-a-social-justice-perspective
#10
Kim Mooney-Doyle, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Lisa C Lindley
Recent estimates indicate that over 40,000 children die annually in the United States and a majority have life-limiting conditions. Children at end of life require extensive healthcare resources, including multiple hospital readmissions and emergency room visits. Yet, many children still suffer from symptoms at end of life-including fatigue, pain, dyspnea, and anxiety-with less than 10% of these children utilizing hospice care services. A critical barrier to pediatric hospice use was the original federal regulations associated with the hospice care that required a diagnosis of 6 months to live and the discontinuation of all curative treatments...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655424/simultaneous-elastase-hyaluronidase-and-collagenase-capillary-electrophoresis-based-assay-application-to-evaluate-the-bioactivity-of-the-red-alga-jania-rubens
#11
Syntia Fayad, Mona Tannoury, Philippe Morin, Reine Nehmé
There have been many efforts to search for affordable and efficient cosmetic ingredients from natural sources and to evaluate their bioactivities using eco-responsible tools. Hyaluronidase, elastase and collagenase are responsible for the degradation of the main components of the extracellular matrix, namely the hyaluronic acid, elastin and collagen, respectively. The aim of this work was to develop a single capillary electrophoresis method to monitor simultaneously the activities of these three enzymes, without reactant immobilization or radioactivity use...
August 22, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652770/psychiatric-services-and-the-homeless-changing-the-paradigm
#12
Ira D Glick, Mark Olfson
Given the changes in our society and worldwide massive migrations across borders, this article argues that we need to change the paradigm of how we think about "the homeless," that is, to rethink our approach to not only those who cannot afford housing, the "economically homeless," but especially important also the larger group-those with chronic, serious medical-psychiatric-addictive disorders, the "medically/mentally ill homeless." We must place a greater emphasis on providing mental health services along with housing, legal, general medical, employment, and other services...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652625/the-opportunity-for-telehealth-to-support-neurological-healthcare
#13
Amanda M Cardinale
Neurological conditions affect one-third of Americans and are some of the most prevalent health issues in the country. Many sufferers have difficulty accessing treatment, however, advances in technology may be able to support availability, affordability, and convenience of care through telehealth services. This review outlines the current state of telemedicine in neurological healthcare, highlighting evidence-based research and use cases for digital services. Details on expenses associated with managing certain well-known conditions are included to shed light on the financial burden of disease and how telehealth can contribute to cost savings for patients and providers...
March 20, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652603/draining-the-swamp-while-making-america-great-senior-dissonance-in-the-age-of-trump
#14
Robert B Hudson
In his surprise election as President, Donald Trump enjoyed disproportionate electoral support from older voters, many of whom saw in Trump a person who would work to reverse demographic, economic, and cultural forces that had transformed American life as they had long seen it. Yet, Trump's campaign and incumbency has also been very much about gutting the Washington policy establishment of officials, bureaucrats, and lobbyists (aka, the Swamp) which, for over half a century, has been instrumental in enacting and expanding legislation that has benefitted older Americans, far more than any other social policy constituency in the country...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650483/solid-cystic-and-tubular-novice-ultrasound-skills-training-using-a-versatile-affordable-practice-model
#15
Shruti Sevak, Benjamin Lurvey, Ashley A Woodfin, Zachary Hothem, Rose E Callahan, James Robbins, Kathryn Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the recognized benefits of ultrasound, many physicians have little experience with using ultrasound to perform procedures. Many medical schools and residency programs lack a formal ultrasound training curriculum. We describe an affordable ultrasound training curriculum and versatile, inexpensive practice model. DESIGN: Participants underwent a didactic session to teach the theory required to perform ultrasound-guided procedures. Motor skills were taught using a practice model incorporating analogs of common anatomic and pathologic structures into an opacified gelatin substrate...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649999/the-financial-transaction-between-counseling-and-nursing-care-service-centers-cncscs-and-their-clients-a-qualitative-study
#16
Sefollah Alaei, Fatemeh Alhani, Hassan Navipour
BACKGROUND: Community-oriented nursing care is an important model of nursing care. Counseling and Nursing Care Service Centers (CNCSCs) have been providing these private services to the Iranian community for nearly two decades. Resource management, cost-benefit analysis and affordability are important steps in providing these services. The present study was conducted to explore the challenges of financial transactions between CNCSCs and their clients. METHODS: This study has a qualitative design and was conducted on a total of 30 participants, consisting of CNCSC managers, staff, physicians and clients who were selected through purposive theoretical sampling...
April 12, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648523/feasibility-and-costs-of-a-targeted-cholera-vaccination-campaign-in-ethiopia
#17
Samuel Teshome, Sachin Desai, Jerome H Kim, Dires Belay, Vittal Mogasale
Shanchol™, a WHO-prequalified oral cholera vaccine (OCV), has been used to control endemic cholera in Asia, as well as in emergencies and outbreaks elsewhere. The vaccine has not been used by public health systems in cholera-endemic settings of Africa although several outbreak response campaigns have been conducted. Here we present experiences from a mass vaccination campaign in a cholera-endemic setting of Ethiopia in which Shanchol™ was introduced through the public health system. The vaccination site was selected based on cholera cases reported in previous years...
April 12, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644010/value-based-genomics
#18
REVIEW
Jun Gong, Kathy Pan, Marwan Fakih, Sumanta Pal, Ravi Salgia
Advancements in next-generation sequencing have greatly enhanced the development of biomarker-driven cancer therapies. The affordability and availability of next-generation sequencers have allowed for the commercialization of next-generation sequencing platforms that have found widespread use for clinical-decision making and research purposes. Despite the greater availability of tumor molecular profiling by next-generation sequencing at our doorsteps, the achievement of value-based care, or improving patient outcomes while reducing overall costs or risks, in the era of precision oncology remains a looming challenge...
March 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643731/childhood-pyogenic-osteomyelitis-in-abakaliki-south-east-nigeria
#19
Njoku Isaac Omoke
Background: Pyogenic osteomyelitis is an important child health problem in developing countries. It is a one-disease state with a spectrum of pathological features and clinical forms ranging from acute to chronic presentation. Its pattern of presentation varies from and within subregions. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern and outcome of childhood pyogenic osteomyelitis in a low-resource environment. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all the children aged 18 years and under seen with pyogenic osteomyelitis in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki between January 2005 and December 2015...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642891/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-legislation-in-canadian-childcare-facilities-an-update
#20
Leigh M Vanderloo, Patricia Tucker
BACKGROUND: Within the childcare sector, physical activity and sedentary behaviors are not legislated at a national level in Canada. Efforts have been undertaken to identify factors within childcare facilities which support and deter physical activity and sedentary behaviors. The purpose of this paper was to provide an amended review of the legislative landscape, at the provincial and territorial level, regarding physical activity and sedentary behaviors (via screen-viewing) in Canadian childcare centers...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
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