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Axillary abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258838/ultrasound-guided-axillary-nerve-block-for-emergency-department-incision-and-drainage-of-deltoid-abscess
#1
Claire Lyons, Andrew A Herring
Deltoid abscesses are common and painful, often a consequence of injection drug use and seen frequently in emergency departments (EDs). The required incision and drainage can be completed successfully with effective pain relief using a peripheral nerve block. The brachial plexus nerve block works well, however it is technically complex with a low, but potentially serious, risk of complications such as phrenic nerve paralysis. Selective blockade of the axillary nerve eliminates the risks associated with a brachial plexus block, while providing more specific anesthesia for the deltoid region...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256718/lipocalin-2-is-expressed-by-activated-granulocytes-and-keratinocytes-in-affected-skin-and-reflects-disease-activity-in-acne-inversa-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#2
K Wolk, J Wenzel, A Tsaousi, E Witte-Händel, N Babel, C Zelenak, H-D Volk, W Sterry, S Schneider-Burrus, R Sabat
BACKGROUND: Acne inversa (AI)/Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by painful axillary, inguinal, and perianal skin lesions with deep-seated nodules, abscesses, and fistulae. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at the identification and characterization of key players in AI pathogenesis. METHODS: Epidemiologic and anamnestic data as well as blood and skin samples of AI patients were collected. Healthy participants and psoriasis patients served as controls...
March 3, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210352/risk-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-among-children-found-to-be-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-usa300-carriers
#3
Lilly Cheng Immergluck, Shabnam Jain, Susan M Ray, Robert Mayberry, Sarah Satola, Trisha Chan Parker, Keming Yuan, Anaam Mohammed, Robert C Jerris
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine community-associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) carriage and infections and determine risk factors associated specifically with MRSA USA300. METHODS: We conducted a case control study in a pediatric emergency department. Nasal and axillary swabs were collected, and participants were interviewed for risk factors. The primary outcome was the proportion of S. aureus carriers among those presenting with and without a skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI)...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119746/incidence-of-fever-following-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#4
Seo Yun Kim, Jin Woo Lee, Young Sik Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Jae-Joon Yim, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han, Chul-Gyu Yoo
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive diagnostic method for mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of fever following EBUS-TBNA. METHODS: A total of 684 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA from May 2010 to July 2012 at Seoul National University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were evaluated for fever by a physician every 6-8 hours during the first 24 hours following EBUS-TBNA...
January 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087969/axillary-accessory-breast-carcinoma-masquerading-as-axillary-abscess-a-case-report
#5
S Y Lim, S L Jee, T Gee, E Nor Aina
Accessory breast is a frequently seen developmental breast abnormality, commoner among Asians than Caucasians. This ectopic breast tissue shares many similarities as the normal breast tissue, and although subjected to the same pathological processes, accessory breast carcinoma is rare. As locations of the accessory breast may be variable, detection of pathological lesions through clinical examinations and standard diagnostic tools (i.e., mammogram) can be difficult. Staging and management should be tailored-made according to the location of the accessory breast as well as its known pattern of lymphatic drainage...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981857/effective-modified-conservative-tissue-preserving-protocol-to-treat-stage-i-axillary-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-627-patients-with-five-years-follow-up
#6
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorder that involves the infundibular terminal follicles in areas rich in apocrine glands and associated with the formation of abscesses and fistulating sinus. The clinical course is variable, and definitive evidence-based guidelines for the management are not well-established. Conservative treatment is controversial, and surgical excision is the recommended method. Herein, we aim to analyze the results of a modified conservative tissue preserving management protocol for stage I axillary hidradenitis suppurativa...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843200/mmp8-is-increased-in-lesions-and-blood-of-acne-inversa-patients-a-potential-link-to-skin-destruction-and-metabolic-alterations
#7
Athanasia Tsaousi, Ellen Witte, Katrin Witte, Hans-Joachim Röwert-Huber, Hans-Dieter Volk, Wolfram Sterry, Kerstin Wolk, Sylke Schneider-Burrus, Robert Sabat
Acne inversa (AI; also designated as hidradenitis suppurativa) is a chronic inflammatory disease with still unknown pathogenesis that affects the intertriginous skin of perianal, inguinal, and axillary sites. It leads to painful nodules, abscesses, and fistulas with malodorous secretion and is frequently associated with metabolic alterations. Here, we demonstrate that one of the most highly upregulated molecules in AI lesions is matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP8), an enzyme specialized in the degradation of extracellular matrix components and the HDL component apolipoprotein A-I...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680292/large-retropharyngeal-abscesses-in-an-immunocompetent-adult-patient-with-disseminated-tuberculosis
#8
Gerardo Amaya-Tapia, Arturo Rodríguez-Toledo, Sergio Aguilar-Benavides, Guadalupe Aguirre-Avalos
BACKGROUND The retropharyngeal abscess is a rare presentation of head and neck tuberculosis. The pathogenesis of the abscess formation in the retropharyngeal space in the adult is controversial. CASE REPORT We report a case of large retropharyngeal abscesses in a 46-year-old man with disseminated tuberculosis. The patient had severe progressive dysphagia, weight loss, and a slowly enlarging bilateral cervical mass during a period of three months. His posterior pharynx wall was bulging and red, and both tonsils were enlarged and congested...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498447/fever-of-unknown-origin-diagnostic-methods-in-a-european-developing-country
#9
Mile Bosilkovski, Marija Dimzova, Milena Stevanović, Vesna Semenakova Cvetkovska, Maja Vasileva Duganovska
BACKGROUND/AIM: Fewer of unknown origin (FUO) remains amongst the most difficult diagnostic dilemmas in contemporary medicine. The aim of this study was to determine the causes of FU and to identify the methods of diagnosis in patients with FUO in a tertiary care setting in the Republic of Macedonia. METHODS: Retrospectively histories of 123 immunocompetent patients older than 14 years with classical FUO that had been examined at the University Hospital for Infectious Diseases and Febrile Conditions in the city of Skopje, during the period 2006-2012 were evaluated...
June 2016: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424376/methicillin-resistant-staphyloccocus-aureus-intracranial-epidural-abscess-with-osteomyelitis-during-pregnancy-a-case-report
#10
Vaya W Tanamai, Brandon-Luke L Seagle, Guoyang Luo
BACKGROUND: The incidence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is increasing, and 0.5-4% of pregnant women are colonized. CASE: A 30-year-old pregnant woman at term presented with intractable headache 1 week after incision and drainage of a MRSA-positive axillary abscess. Imaging demonstrated a right-sided epidural abscess with midline shift and myositis of the overlying temporalis muscle. She underwent cesarean delivery followed by craniectomy of osteomyelitic bone and evacuation of the epidural abscess...
May 2016: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123270/malignant-myoepithelioma-of-the-breast-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Maria Papazian, Ioannis Kalantzis, Georgios Galanopoulos, Iliana Mani, Olympia Tzaida, Ioanna Iacovidou, Nikolaos Ziras
Malignant myoepithelioma of the breast is an extremely rare tumor composed entirely or almost entirely of malignant spindle cells with myoepithelial differentiation. Only a limited number of case reports have been descibed to date; therefore the biological behavior and treatment outcomes of this rare tumor have not been clearly determined. Herein, we present a case of a 74-year-old woman who was admitted with inflammatory-like cancer of the breast, presenting with invasion of the chest wall and axillary lymph node metastasis at the time of diagnosis...
May 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097631/recalcitrant-hidradenitis-suppurativa-an-investigation-of-demographics-surgical-management-bacterial-isolates-pharmacologic-intervention-and-patient-reported-health-outcomes
#12
Cristina Thomas, Katherine A Rodby, Jessina Thomas, Elizabeth Shay, Anuja K Antony
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is characterized by chronic inflammation, recurrent abscesses, and scarring. Surgery is performed when medical management and antibiotic therapy fails. This study sought to evaluate the demographics, surgical procedures, bacteriology, pharmacologic intervention, and quality of life of patients with recalcitrant HS requiring surgical intervention. A retrospective chart review was performed of 76 recalcitrant HS patients at the University of Illinois Medical Center. Patient demographics, bacterial culture, and surgery data were reviewed...
April 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943425/a-case-of-occult-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-diagnosed-by-autopsy
#13
Eri Oda, Daisuke Hashimoto, Yuko Shiomi, Koji Ohnishi, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Akira Chikamoto, Motohiro Takeya, Hideo Baba
Cancer of unknown primary is associated with unknown biology and dismal prognosis. The most common primary sites of cancer of unknown primary were usually the lungs in autopsy studies, and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is rare. We describe the case of a 57-year-old male patient with systemic lymph node metastasis. Imaging examination failed to reveal primary cancer; however, immunostaining of cytokeratins 7, 19, and 20 of a metastatic axillary lymph node suggested a pancreaticobiliary cancer as a primary lesion...
December 2015: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26613227/tuberculous-liver-abscess-in-an-immunocompetent-child-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-as-a-cause-of-fever-of-unknown-origin
#14
Bahar Çalışkan, Ayper Somer, Nevin Hatipoğlu, Melike Keser, Ensar Yekeler, Feryal Gün, Mine Güllüoğlu, Tansu Salman, Nuran Salman
Infectious diseases are the leading cause of FUO. A case of prolonged fever with hepatic and pulmonary tuberculosis as a final diagnosis is herein presented. A 4-year-old, otherwise healthy boy presented with an axillary temperature of up to 39.5ºC for the previous 3 weeks. His medical history revealed an occasional increase in body temperature up to 38.5ºC for the last 6 months. Physical examination revealed coarse breath sounds on the basal lung area. Chest X-ray showed mediastinal lymphadenomegaly and computed tomography revealed paratracheal conglomerated lymph nodes and a groundglass appearance on the right lung...
January 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26446318/primary-breast-lymphoma-presenting-as-non-healing-axillary-abscess
#15
Chukwuemeka Anele, Yih Chyn Phan, Suanne Wong, Anil Poddar
A 67-year-old woman with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus with a history consistent with a right axillary abscess, presented to her general practitioner (GP). A diagnosis of folliculitis was made and the GP started a course of flucloxacillin. Despite antibiotics, the patient's symptoms worsened and the abscess increased in size. This prompted her GP to perform an incision and drainage procedure of the abscess. The practice nurse subsequently oversaw the follow-up care of the wound. Two months after the incision and drainage, and after regular wound dressing, the patient was referred to the acute surgical team with a complicated, non-healing right axillary abscess cavity and associated generalised right breast cellulitis...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26428595/prevalence-of-breast-tuberculosis-retrospective-analysis-of-65-patients-attending-a-tertiary-hospital-in-durban-south-africa
#16
Dibuseng P Ramaema, Ines Buccimazza, Richard J Hift
BACKGROUND: Breast tuberculosis (BTB) is uncommon, but not rare. Knowledge of the ways in which it can present can prevent unnecessary invasive procedures and delay in diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical and radiological findings in patients with BTB, including evaluation of current treatment methods. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 65 patients diagnosed with BTB at Addington and King Edward VIII hospitals, Durban, South Africa, between 2000 and 2013...
October 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26407440/actinomyces-neuii-isolated-from-a-20-month-old-girl-with-cervical-lymphadenitis
#17
Kathi Walther, Elisabeth Bruder, Daniel Goldenberger, Johannes Mayr, Urs Beat Schaad, Nicole Ritz
Actinomycetes are Gram-positive bacteria that can be part of the normal human flora of the gastrointestinal, pulmonary, and genital tract. Infections are rare, slowly progressing and most commonly affect the cervicofacial region. Actinomyces israelii is the most frequently isolated species but a number of other species may cause infection. We report the first postnatally acquired case of an actinomycosis caused by A. neuii in a child. We also provide a systematic review of all published cases of A. neuii infections...
September 2015: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26390119/acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-associated-sweet-s-syndrome-mimicking-an-axillary-abscess-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Vandana L Gaopande, Sourabh S Joshi, Avinash R Joshi
A subcutaneous painful left axillary nodule was clinically diagnosed as abscess. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) revealed smears full of mature neutrophils. Background was free of fibrinous necrotic material and degenerating and necrotic neutrophils, which is characteristic of abscess. No organisms were detectable on special staining, and culture was sterile. A cytological differential diagnosis of abscess or Sweet's syndrome (SS) was offered, and the latter was confirmed. SS, also known as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, shows diffuse dermal neutrophilic infiltrate without vasculitis on biopsy...
December 2015: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26382710/hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-review-with-a-focus-on-treatment-data
#19
REVIEW
D Barlev, D B Eisen, A Alikhan
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic disease of the follicular unit that often leads to marked impairment of quality of life and usually affects the axillary, perineum and inframammary regions resulting in tender subcutaneous nodules, abscesses, fibrosis and sinus tract formation. New updates on HS underscores the role of various genes as well as the innate and adaptive immune response in its pathogenesis. Although every patient requires an individualized approach to treatment, topical therapy and antibiotics are mainly used for mild to moderate disease, whereas various systemic immune modulators and/or surgical approaches play a pivotal role in moderate to severe disease...
July 2015: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366347/right-axillary-lymph-node-metastasis-of-carcinoma-of-the-cecum-with-histologically-proven-cutaneous-lymphatic-invasion-by-carcinoma-cells-a-case-report
#20
Yutaka J Kawamura, Michitaka Kohno, Junji Shiga, Naoki Asakage, Minoru Hatano, Hirohisa Okame, Junichi Sasaki, Shoichi Tobari, Katsunori Nishida
Axillary lymph node metastasis from colorectal carcinoma is extremely rare, and this scarcity hinders understanding of its pathogenesis and, thus, the application of appropriate management. Here, we present a case with axillary lymph node metastasis of cecal carcinoma associated with macroscopic invasion of the skin of the abdominal wall with histological evidence of such invasion, findings which support our hypothesis that the axillary lymph node metastasis developed via the lymph channels in the skin of the abdominal wall...
2015: Surgical Case Reports
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