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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748124/practice-makes-efficient-cortical-alpha-oscillations-are-associated-with-improved-golf-putting-performance
#1
Germano Gallicchio, Andrew Cooke, Christopher Ring
Practice of a motor skill results in improved performance and decreased movement awareness. The psychomotor efficiency hypothesis proposes that the development of motor expertise through practice is accompanied by physiological refinements whereby irrelevant processes are suppressed and relevant processes are enhanced. The present study employed a test-retest design to evaluate the presence of greater neurophysiological efficiency with practice and mediation analyses to identify the factors accounting for performance improvements, in a golf putting task...
February 2017: Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748015/evaluation-of-problem-based-learning-curriculum-implementation-in-a-clerkship-rotation-of-a-newly-established-african-medical-training-institution-lessons-from-the-university-of-botswana
#2
Stephane Tshitenge Tshitenge, Chiratidzo Ellen Ndhlovu, Radiance Ogundipe
INTRODUCTION: Problem-based Learning (PBL) curricula, like all curricula, require systematic evaluation as there is a risk of implementing a dysfunctional PBL curriculum. The study intended to evaluate the PBL curriculum delivery from the perspective of the clerkship students at the University of Botswana-Faculty of Medicine. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among clerkship students in Family Medicine, Paediatrics, Internal Medicine and Surgery. During a 4-week period, each respondent completed weekly a questionnaire based survey tool...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746750/the-emotional-impact-of-errors-or-adverse-events-on-healthcare-providers-in-the-nicu-the-protective-role-of-coworker-support
#3
Adrien M Winning, Jenna M Merandi, Dorcas Lewe, Lois M C Stepney, Nancy N Liao, Christine A Fortney, Cynthia A Gerhardt
AIMS: To examine the impact of errors or adverse events on emotional distress and professional quality of life in healthcare providers in the neonatal intensive care unit, as well as the moderating role of coworker support. BACKGROUND: Errors or adverse events can result in negative outcomes for healthcare providers. However, the role of coworker support in improving emotional and professional outcomes has not been examined. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey from a quality improvement initiative to train peer supporters in a neonatal intensive care unit...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746660/somatic-maturation-and-the-relationship-between-bone-mineral-variables-and-types-of-sports-among-adolescents-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete, Igor Hideki Ito, Han Kemper, Carlos Marcelo Pastre, Mário Antônio Rodrigues-Júnior, Rafael Luiz-de-Marco, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Peak height velocity (PHV) is an important maturational event during adolescence that affects skeleton size. The objective here was to compare bone variables in adolescents who practiced different types of sports, and to identify whether differences in bone variables attributed to sports practice were dependent on somatic maturation status. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study, São Paulo State University (UNESP). METHODS: The study was composed of 93 adolescents (12 to 16...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746260/perinatal-hiv-infection-and-exposure-and-their-association-with-dental-caries-in-nigerian-children
#5
Modupe Coker, Samer El-Kamary, Cyril Enwonwu, William Blattner, Patricia Langenberg, Emmanuel Mongodin, Paul Akhigbe, Ozo Obuekwe, Austin Omoigberale, Manhattan Charurat
BACKGROUND: Although HIV infection is associated with well-known oral pathologies, there remains a dearth of comparative studies aimed at determining the association between HIV infection/exposure and early childhood caries. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a convenience sample of 3 groups of children receiving care at a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria. The groups include HIV infected (HI); HIV exposed but uninfected (HEU); and HIV unexposed and uninfected (HUU) children aged 6 through 72 months...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745642/assessing-spatial-memory-impairment-in-a-mouse-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury-using-a-radial-water-tread-maze
#6
Marcella M Cline, Megan A Ostlie, Chloe G Cross, Gregory G Garwin, Satoshi Minoshima, Donna J Cross
Despite the recent increase in use of mouse models in scientific research, researchers continue to use cognitive tasks that were originally designed and validated for rat use. The Radial Water Tread (RWT) maze test of spatial memory (designed specifically for mice and requiring no swimming) has been shown previously to successfully distinguish between controlled cortical impact-induced TBI mice and sham controls. Here, a detailed protocol for this task is presented. The RWT maze capitalizes on the natural tendency of mice to avoid open areas in favor of hugging the sides of an apparatus (thigmotaxis)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745011/enhancing-prevention-and-intervention-for-youth-concurrent-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders-the-research-and-action-for-teens-study
#7
Joanna L Henderson, E B Brownlie, Shelley McMain, Gloria Chaim, David A Wolfe, Brian Rush, Tali Boritz, Joseph H Beitchman
BACKGROUND: Concurrent mental health and substance use disorders among youth are associated with functional impairment in developmentally salient domains, yet research on prevention and intervention for this vulnerable population is sparse. This paper describes the rationale and design of the Research and Action for Teens study, an initiative designed to strengthen the evidence base for prevention, screening, treatment and service delivery for youth concurrent mental health and substance use concerns...
July 26, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744967/compression-therapy%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cross-sectional-observational-survey-about-knowledge-and-practical-treatment-of-specialised-and-non-specialised-nurses-and-therapists
#8
Kristina Heyer, Kerstin Protz, Matthias Augustin
Knowledge about methods and materials and their correct usage is the basis for compression therapy. This study compares knowledge and practical skills of participants with further training with those who had no training. This comparison provides information on whether further qualifications have an impact on knowledge and practical skills. In seminars for compression therapy, data on specific and non-specific expertise were acquired. A practical test determined the participants' skills for creating a compression bandage in a pressure value range of 50-60 mmHg...
July 25, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744926/structural-empowerment-and-burnout-among-portuguese-nursing-staff-an-explicative-model
#9
Alejandro Orgambídez-Ramos, Yolanda Borrego-Alés, Octavio Vázquez-Aguado, Jaume March-Amegual
AIMS: Kanter's structural empowerment model was used to assess the influence of access to opportunities, resources, information and support on core burnout through global empowerment in a nursing sample in Portugal. BACKGROUND: The empowerment experience increases the levels of nursing professionals' satisfaction and performance preventing the emergence of burnout. However, the relationship between structural empowerment and burnout has been scarcely studied in Portugal...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744095/agreement-on-the-evaluation-of-glaucomatous-optic-nerve-head-findings-by-ophthalmology-residents-and-a-glaucoma-specialist
#10
Julia D Rossetto, Luiz Alberto S Melo, Mauro S Campos, Ivan M Tavares
OBJECTIVES: To assess agreement among ophthalmology residents and a glaucoma expert in the evaluation of cross-sectional glaucomatous optic nerve head characteristics using stereoscopic photographs. METHODS: Twenty stereo photographs were analyzed by ophthalmology residents just after completion of their first (First-Year Group) or third (Third-Year Group) year of residency and by a glaucoma expert. The agreement was assessed using the kappa statistic (κ) and limits of agreement...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742853/leadership-and-management-training-as-a-catalyst-to-health-system-strengthening-in-low-income-settings-evidence-from-implementation-of-the-zambia-management-and-leadership-course-for-district-health-managers-in-zambia
#11
Wilbroad Mutale, Anne-Thora Vardoy-Mutale, Arthur Kachemba, Roman Mukendi, Kupela Clarke, Dennis Mulenga
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that the modes of leadership and management may influence health outcomes. However, majority of health leaders and managers in many low-income countries are promoted on account of clinical expertise. It has been recognised that these new managers are often ill-prepared for managing complex health systems. In response to this challenge, the Zambian Ministry of Health (MoH) has developed the Governance and Management Capacity Building (GMCB) Strategic Plan (2012-2016), whose overarching goal is to improve health sector governance and create an environment that is result-oriented, accountable and transparent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742394/assessment-of-proteomic-measures-across-serious-psychiatric-illness
#12
S Charles Schulz, Shauna Overgaard, David J Bond, Rajesh Kaldate
The diagnoses of serious psychiatric illnesses, such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar disorder, rely on the subjective recall and interpretation of often overlapping symptoms, and are not based on the objective pathophysiology of the illnesses. The subjectivity of symptom reporting and interpretation contributes to the delay of accurate diagnoses and limits effective treatment of these illnesses. Proteomics, the study of the types and quantities of proteins an organism produces, may offer an objective biological approach to psychiatric diagnosis...
2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742351/materials-screening-for-the-discovery-of-new-half-heuslers-machine-learning-versus-ab-initio-methods
#13
Fleur Legrain, Jesús Carrete, Ambroise van Roekeghem, Georg K H Madsen, Natalio Mingo
Machine learning (ML) is increasingly becoming a helpful tool in the search for novel functional compounds. Here we use classification via random forests to predict the stability of half-Heusler (HH) compounds, using only experimentally reported compounds as a training set. Cross-validation yields an excellent agreement between the fraction of compounds classified as stable and the actual fraction of truly stable compounds in the ICSD. The ML model is then employed to screen 71,178 different 1:1:1 compositions, yielding 481 likely stable candidates...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742312/health-literacy-and-oral-health-literacy-are-they-associated-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-undergraduate-students-of-tricity-chandigarh-mohali-panchkula-india
#14
Karandeep Singh Sandhu, Nidhi Gupta, Mohit Bansal, Vikram Arora, Preety Gupta, Sahil Thakar
INTRODUCTION: Health Literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate decisions. As with general health; achieving and maintaining oral health requires one to be able to understand, interpret and act on various types of health information. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the association between health literacy and oral health literacy among undergraduate students in tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula), India...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742103/impact-of-teachers-training-on-hiv-aids-education-program-among-secondary-school-students-in-bangladesh-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Haribondhu Sarma, Mohammad Ashraful Islam, Jahidur Rahman Khan, Kamal Ibne Amin Chowdhury, Rukhsana Gazi
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the Government of Bangladesh incorporated a chapter on HIV/AIDS into the national curriculum for an HIV-prevention program for school students. For the efficient dissemination of knowledge, an intervention was designed to train the teachers and equip them to educate on the topic of HIV/AIDS. The present study intended to understand the impact of this intervention by assessing the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to HIV/AIDS, among the targeted students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741988/comparison-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia-intermedia-and-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-in-southern-iran
#16
Sezaneh Haghpanah, Sara Vahdati, Mehran Karimi
Increased life expectancy in patients with β-thalassemia (β-thal) requires healthcare professionals to give greater attention to improving their quality of life (QoL). We aimed to evaluate health-related QoL (HRQoL) and its determinants in patients with β-thal intermedia (β-TI) compared with β-thal major (β-TM). In this cross sectional study, 118 patients with β-TI, referred to the Thalassemia Clinic of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, were investigated by convenience sampling from January to June 2014 in southern Iran...
July 25, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741801/attitudes-toward-suicidal-behavior-and-associated-factors-among-nursing-professionals-a-quantitative-study
#17
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Daniel Fernando Magrini, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Tatiana Longo Borges, Manoel Antônio Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: The attitudes toward suicide of emergency nurses may affect the care provided. However, the factors associated with these attitudes remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate attitudes toward suicidal behavior and associated factors among nursing professionals working in emergency settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study including 28 nurses and 118 were nursing assistants employed at two emergency services in Brazil was conducted...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741004/seventeen-years-of-life-support-courses-for-nurses-where-are-we-now
#18
Kenneth Heng, Fong Chi Wee
The Life Support Course for Nurses (LSCN) equips nurses with the resuscitation skills to be first responders in in-hospital cardiac arrests. Seventeen years after the initiation of the LSCN, a confidential cross-sectional Qualtrics™ survey was conducted in May 2016 on LSCN graduands to assess the following: confidence in nurse-initiated resuscitation post-LSCN; defibrillation experience and outcomes; and perceived barriers and usefulness of the LSCN. The majority of respondents reported that the course was useful and enhanced their confidence in resuscitation...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740420/a-cross-cultural-perspective-of-medical-clowning-comparison-of-its-effectiveness-in-reducing-pain-and-anxiety-among-hospitalized-bedouin-and-jewish-israeli-children
#19
Zehavit Gilboa-Negari, Sarah Abu-Kaf, Ephrat Huss, Gavriel Hain, Asher Moser
PURPOSE: Medical clowning has proven effective for reducing pain, anxiety, and stress, however, its differential effects on children from different cultures have not yet been researched. This study evaluated the effects of medical-clowning intervention on anxiety and pain among Jewish and Bedouin children, and anxiety among their parents, in southern Israel. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in hospital pediatric departments and employed a pre-post design involving quantitative and qualitative methods...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739578/applying-deep-neural-networks-to-unstructured-text-notes-in-electronic-medical-records-for-phenotyping-youth-depression
#20
Joseph Geraci, Pamela Wilansky, Vincenzo de Luca, Anvesh Roy, James L Kennedy, John Strauss
BACKGROUND: We report a study of machine learning applied to the phenotyping of psychiatric diagnosis for research recruitment in youth depression, conducted with 861 labelled electronic medical records (EMRs) documents. A model was built that could accurately identify individuals who were suitable candidates for a study on youth depression. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was a model to identify individuals who meet inclusion criteria as well as unsuitable patients who would require exclusion...
July 24, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
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