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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161776/awareness-on-cytology-procedure-in-oral-cancer-detection-among-undergraduates-an-institutional-study
#1
Gayathri Ramesh, Rajeev Pathak, Sunita Pathak, Amrita Raj, Amit Kumar, Anuradha Katiyar
Background: The screening and the early detection of the premalignant and malignant lesions are the only means for controlling the oral cancer which is known to be one of the leading causes for mortality worldwide. Oral exfoliative cytology though not a substitute for biopsy can be a powerful tool for its early detection. Dental Surgeons can play a great role in this direction. Aims and Objectives: The present study was undertaken to assess the self-reported knowledge and attitude regarding the early detection of oral cancer and exfoliative cytology among the undergraduates of Rama Dental College, Kanpur...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160740/effects-of-regular-physical-activity-on-the-cognitive-performance-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
Natalie Podolski, Klara Brixius, Hans G Predel, Christian Brinkmann
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline has been shown to be associated with long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This review analyzes the present literature to ascertain the role of regular physical activity (PA) for the functioning of the diabetic brain. METHODS: PubMed was systematically searched for relevant publications up to July 2017. RESULTS: Four cross-sectional, one longitudinal observational, and nine interventional studies with a total of ∼7000 T2DM subjects are included in this review...
November 21, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160482/challenges-in-the-end-of-course-paper-for-nursing-technical-training
#3
Adriana de Oliveira, Maria José Sanches Marin, Elisabete Takeda, Osni Lázaro Pinheiro
OBJECTIVE: To verify the opinion of Nursing Technical Training students on the stages of construction of the End-of-Course Paper. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with a qualitative and quantitative approach. A total of 94 students participated from a Nursing Technical course of an institution in the State of São Paulo. A questionnaire was used with assertions, followed by a "Likert Scale" and open field for additional comments. RESULTS: The students gave a positive evaluation of the stages involved in completing the paper, but negative responses regarding the time available and obligatory nature (38%)...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160470/actions-of-nurses-in-early-detection-of-breast-cancer
#4
Fabiana Barbosa Barreto Melo, Carla Andréia Vilanova Marques, Anderson da Silva Rosa, Elisabeth Niglio de Figueiredo, Maria Gaby Rivero de Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: Identify the actions for early detection of breast cancer performed by nurses from basic health units; compare the compliance of these actions with the recommendations from the Ministry of Health; analyze the availability of documents to check these recommendations and analyze the association of variables "training," "lato sensu training," and "years of activity" of these professionals with the actions performed. METHOD: A cross-sectional study conducted with 133 nurses from 38 basic health units in the Southeast region of the municipality of São Paulo, interviewed with a validated questionnaire...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160462/access-to-medicines-relations-with-the-institutionalization-of-pharmaceutical-services
#5
Rafael Damasceno de Barros, Ediná Alves Costa, Djanilson Barbosa Dos Santos, Gisélia Santana Souza, Juliana Álvares, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite
OBJETIVE: To analyze the relationship between access to medicines by the population and the institutionalization of pharmaceutical services in Brazilian primary health care. METHODS: This study is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services 2015), a cross-sectional, exploratory, and evaluative study composed of an information survey in a representative sample of cities, stratified by Brazilian regions...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160456/infrastructure-of-pharmacies-of-the-primary-health-care-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system-analysis-of-pnaum-services-data
#6
Silvana Nair Leite, Fernanda Manzini, Juliana Álvares, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Ediná Alves Costa, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mário Soeiro, Mareni Rocha Farias
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the infrastructure of the primary health care pharmacies of the Brazilian Unified Health System, aiming at humanizing the offered services. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, of quantitative approach, from data obtained in the Pesquisa Nacional de Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015)...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160447/financing-of-pharmaceutical-services-in-the-municipal-management-of-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#7
Daniel Resende Faleiros, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Juliana Álvares, Renata Cristina Rezende Macedo do Nascimento, Ediná Alves Costa, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Karen Sarmento Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To discuss factors related to the financing of the Basic Component of Pharmaceutical Services within the municipal management of the Brazilian Unified Health System. METHODS: The Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos no Brasil - Serviços (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services) is a cross-sectional, exploratory, and evaluative study that performed an information survey in a representative sample, stratified by Brazilian regions It considered different study populations in the sampling plan, which represent primary health care services in the cities...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160407/oral-problems-and-self-confidence-in-preschool-children
#8
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Matheus França Perazzo, Érick Tássio Neves, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of clinical oral factors, socioeconomic factors and parental sense of coherence on affected self-confidence in preschool children due to oral problems. A cross-sectional study with probabilistic sampling was conducted at public and private preschools with 769 five-year-old children and their parents/caretakers. A questionnaire addressing socio-demographic characteristics as well as the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5) and the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) were administered...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159914/gaba-concentration-in-sensorimotor-cortex-following-high-intensity-exercise-and-relationship-to-lactate-levels
#9
James P Coxon, Robin F H Cash, Joshua J Hendrikse, Nigel C Rogasch, Ellen Stavrinos, Chao Suo, Murat Yücel
High-intensity exercise increases the concentration of circulating lactate. Cortical uptake of blood borne lactate increases during and following exercise, however the potential relationship with changes in the concentration of neurometabolites remains unclear. While changes in neurometabolite concentration have previously been demonstrated in primary visual cortex following exercise, it remains unknown whether these changes extend to regions such as sensorimotor cortex (SM) or executive regions such as dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159541/automated-detection-of-exudative-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-using-deep-learning
#10
Maximilian Treder, Jost Lennart Lauermann, Nicole Eter
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to use deep learning for the automated detection of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: A total of 1112 cross-section SD-OCT images of patients with exudative AMD and a healthy control group were used for this study. In the first step, an open-source multi-layer deep convolutional neural network (DCNN), which was pretrained with 1.2 million images from ImageNet, was trained and validated with 1012 cross-section SD-OCT scans (AMD: 701; healthy: 311)...
November 20, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159134/model-selection-and-prediction-of-outcomes-in-recent-onset-schizophrenia-patients-who-undergo-cognitive-training
#11
Ian S Ramsay, Sisi Ma, Melissa Fisher, Rachel L Loewy, J Daniel Ragland, Tara Niendam, Cameron S Carter, Sophia Vinogradov
Predicting treatment outcomes in psychiatric populations remains a challenge, but is increasingly important in the pursuit of personalized medicine. Patients with schizophrenia have deficits in cognition, and targeted cognitive training (TCT) of auditory processing and working memory has been shown to improve some of these impairments; but little is known about the baseline patient characteristics predictive of cognitive improvement. Here we use a model selection and regression approach called least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) to examine predictors of cognitive improvement in response to TCT for patients with recent onset schizophrenia...
March 2018: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158868/prevalence-of-papular-urticaria-caused-by-flea-bites-and-associated-factors-in-children-1-6%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-bogot%C3%A3-d-c
#12
Evelyne Halpert, Elizabeth Borrero, Milciades Ibañez-Pinilla, Pablo Chaparro, Jorge Molina, Maritza Torres, Elizabeth García
Background: Papular urticaria is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by exposure to arthropod bites. The disease has been reported in children attending medical centers, but the causes as the risk factors associated with the disease have not been established. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of papular urticaria caused by flea bite and identify the risk factors in children between 1 to 6 years of age in Bogotá D.C, between March 2009 and June 2011. Methods: A cross-sectional, two-stage, clustered study using random probability sampling and stratified with proportional allocation was carried out in children (1-6 years of age) in educational institutions in Bogotá D...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158798/improvement-in-prediction-of-prostate-cancer-prognosis-with-somatic-mutational-signatures
#13
Shengping Zhang, Yafei Xu, Xinjie Hui, Fei Yang, Yueming Hu, Jianlin Shao, Hui Liang, Yejun Wang
Prostate cancer is a leading male malignancy worldwide, while the prognosis prediction remains quite inaccurate. The study aimed to observe whether there was an association between the prognosis of prostate cancer and genetic mutation profile, and to build an accurate prognostic predictor based on the genetic signatures. The patients diagnosed of prostate cancer from The Cancer Genomic Atlas were used for prognostic stratification, while the somatic gene mutation profiles were compared between different prognostic groups...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157738/do-hip-muscle-weakness-and-dynamic-knee-valgus-matter-for-the-clinical-evaluation-and-decision-making-process-in-patients-with-patellofemoral-pain
#14
REVIEW
Nayra Deise Dos Anjos Rabelo, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain is a very common musculoskeletal condition. In the last years, evidence regarding this disease increased exponentially. Although widely investigated, this problem still frustrates patients and clinicians for having an unfavorable prognosis. Some gaps still exist in the understanding and managing of patellofemoral pain. Numerous cross-sectional association studies show an association between gluteus muscular strength and dynamic knee valgus in patients with patellofemoral pain...
November 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157218/brain-medical-image-diagnosis-based-on-corners-with-importance-values
#15
Linlin Gao, Haiwei Pan, Qing Li, Xiaoqin Xie, Zhiqiang Zhang, Jinming Han, Xiao Zhai
BACKGROUND: Brain disorders are one of the top causes of human death. Generally, neurologists analyze brain medical images for diagnosis. In the image analysis field, corners are one of the most important features, which makes corner detection and matching studies essential. However, existing corner detection studies do not consider the domain information of brain. This leads to many useless corners and the loss of significant information. Regarding corner matching, the uncertainty and structure of brain are not employed in existing methods...
November 21, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157195/management-of-transient-ischemic-attacks-diagnosed-by-early-career-general-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Andrew R Davey, Daniel S Lasserson, Christopher R Levi, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Kim Henderson, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Mieke L van Driel, Lawrie McArthur, Neil A Spike, Parker J Magin
Background Transient ischemic attack incurs a risk of recurrent stroke that can be dramatically reduced by urgent guideline-recommended management at the point of first medical contact. Aims This study describes the prevalence and associations of new transient ischemic attack presentations to general practice registrars and the management undertaken. Methods A cross-sectional analysis of the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training cohort study. General practice registrars from five Australian states (urban to very remote practices) collected data on 60 consecutive patient encounters during each of their three six-month training terms...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157139/authors-response-to-letter-to-the-editor-bar-velocities-capable-of-optimising-the-muscle-power-in-strength-power-exercises-by-loturco-pereira-abad-tabares-moraes-kobal-kitamura-nakamura-2017
#17
Irineu Loturco
Our study in the Journal of Sports Sciences was originally designed to test whether the bar-velocity is a precise indicator of the power training intensity (i.e., optimum loads) in different exercises commonly included in athletes' training programs. Furthermore, we presented secondary findings, related to the actual results obtained in our assessments. As a cross-sectional study with clear objectives, we focused on discussing issues and applications pertaining to neuromuscular training interventions, such as: (1) describing the advantages of using bar-velocities to control the power training intensity, (2) defining a range of loads capable of maximizing the power production in certain ballistic and traditional exercises, and (3) revealing the differences between these exercises and the respective implications for training...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157013/prediction-of-metabolites-of-epoxidation-reaction-in-metatox
#18
A V Rudik, A V Dmitriev, V M Bezhentsev, A A Lagunin, D A Filimonov, V V Poroikov
Biotransformation is a process of the chemical modifications which may lead to the reactive metabolites, in particular the epoxides. Epoxide reactive metabolites may cause the toxic effects. The prediction of such metabolites is important for drug development and ecotoxicology studies. Epoxides are formed by some oxidation reactions, usually catalysed by cytochromes P450, and represent a large class of three-membered cyclic ethers. Identification of molecules, which may be epoxidized, and indication of the specific location of epoxide functional group (which is called SOE - site of epoxidation) are important for prediction of epoxide metabolites...
November 20, 2017: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155847/context-and-culture-associated-with-alcohol-use-amongst-youth-in-major-urban-cities-a-cross-country-population-based-survey
#19
Anne W Taylor, Bridgette M Bewick, Alfred B Makanjuola, Ling Qian, Valentina V Kirzhanova, Paulo Alterwain
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption patterns are dependent upon culture and context. The aim of this study was to interview people aged 18-34 year old living in four cities in different regions of the world to explore differences in a range of alcohol measures to assist in determining culturally appropriate alcohol initiatives for this age group. METHOD: Multistage random sampling was consistent across the four cities (Ilorin (Nigeria), Wuhan (China), Montevideo (Uruguay) and Moscow (Russia))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155826/programmatic-factors-associated-with-the-limited-impact-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-to-control-onchocerciasis-in-three-drainage-basins-of-south-west-cameroon
#20
Christian Tetteh Duamor, Fabrice Roberto Datchoua-Poutcheu, Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo, Aldof Tah Yoah, Ernest Njukang, Emmanuel Kah, Mary Sheena Maingeh, Jonas Arnaud Kengne-Ouaffo, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Peter A Enyong, Samuel Wanji
INTRODUCTION: The CDTI model is known to have enhanced community participation in planning and resource mobilization toward the control of onchocerciasis. These effects were expected to translate into better individual acceptance of the intervention and hence high Treatment Coverage, leading to a sustainable community-led strategy and reduction in the disease burden. A survey revealed that after 10-12 rounds of treatment, prevalence of onchocerciasis was still high in three drainage basins of South West Cameroon and transmission was going on...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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