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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435812/scientometrics-on-public-health-research-in-iran-increase-of-area-studies-despite-embargoes-a-review-article
#1
REVIEW
Brice Poreau
BACKGROUND: Due to embargoes and sanctions from 1979 until 2015, impact on scientific research in Iran may be critical. Public health is the main example of this burning point. In this paper, the aim was to map the scientific research in public health in Iran until 2014 with area studies as well as networks of countries involved. METHODS: We used bibliographic analyses using VOS viewer software for network analysis during the period 1975-2014. Two databases were used: Web of Science and PubMed...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435425/power-and-integrated-health-care-shifting-from-governance-to-governmentality
#2
André Janse van Rensburg, Asta Rau, Pieter Fourie, Piet Bracke
Integrated care occurs within micro, meso and macro levels of governance structures, which are shaped by complex power dynamics. Yet theoretically-led notions of power, and scrutiny of its meanings and its functioning, are neglected in the literature on integrated care. We explore an alternative approach. Following a discussion on governance, two streams of theorising power are presented: mainstream and second-stream. Mainstream concepts are based on the notion of power-as-capacity, of one agent having the capacity to influence another-so the overall idea is 'power over?'...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434616/impaired-tuning-of-neural-ensembles-and-the-pathophysiology-of-schizophrenia-a-translational-and-computational-neuroscience-perspective
#3
REVIEW
John H Krystal, Alan Anticevic, Genevieve J Yang, George Dragoi, Naomi R Driesen, Xiao-Jing Wang, John D Murray
The functional optimization of neural ensembles is central to human higher cognitive functions. When the functions through which neural activity is tuned fail to develop or break down, symptoms and cognitive impairments arise. This review considers ways in which disturbances in the balance of excitation and inhibition might develop and be expressed in cortical networks in association with schizophrenia. This presentation is framed within a developmental perspective that begins with disturbances in glutamate synaptic development in utero...
May 15, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433824/enfsi-collaborative-testing-programme-for-fingermarks-past-experiences-and-future-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
A Matte, J Fish, M Hilgert, T Lövby, M Svensson, J Vaughan, F Zampa
As early as 2004 the Fingerprint Working Group of the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) has organised proficiency tests (PT's) as well as collaborative exercises (CE's) as a way of raising standards within the fingerprint profession. Participation in PT's and CE's is a key element in the ISO/IEC accreditation process as they enable laboratories to monitor the quality of their analytical results. On the basis of the European Council Framework Decision 2009/905/JHA, of 30 November 2009, on Accreditation of forensic service providers carrying out laboratory activities[1], from November 15th of 2015, only accredited laboratories are allowed to exchange fingerprint data with other EU countries...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433726/managing-responsible-antimicrobial-use-perspectives-across-the-healthcare-system
#5
REVIEW
Oliver J Dyar, Gianpiero Tebano, Céline Pulcini
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems consist of building blocks. Shaping how these building blocks function and interact can promote responsible antimicrobial use, and this represents an important opportunity for managers at different points within healthcare systems to act upon. AIMS: To review real-world examples of how healthcare systems can promote responsible antimicrobial use, focusing on the role of governance and managers. SOURCES: We searched and reviewed existing literature and official documents, which mostly focused on antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433671/montreal-accord-on-patient-reported-outcomes-use-series-paper-3-patient-reported-outcomes-pro-can-facilitate-shared-decision-making-and-guide-self-management
#6
V K Noonan, A Lyddiatt, P Ware, S B Jaglal, R J Riopelle, C O Bingham, S Figueiredo, R Sawatzky, M Santana, S J Bartlett, S Ahmed
BACKGROUND: There is a shift towards making health care patient-centred whereby patients are part of medical decision-making and take responsibility for managing their health. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) capture the patient voice and can be used to engage patients in medical decision-making. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to present important factors from patients', clinicians', researchers', and decision-makers' perspectives that influence successful adoption of PROs in clinical practice...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432864/plutonium-in-the-atmosphere-a-global-perspective
#7
REVIEW
P Thakur, H Khaing, S Salminen-Paatero
A number of potential source terms have contributed plutonium isotopes to the atmosphere. The atmospheric nuclear weapon tests conducted between 1945 and 1980 and the re-entry of the burned SNAP-9A satellite in 1964, respectively. It is generally believed that current levels of plutonium in the stratosphere are negligible and compared with the levels generally found at surface-level air. In this study, the time trend analysis and long-term behavior of plutonium isotopes ((239+240)Pu and (238)Pu) in the atmosphere were assessed using historical data collected by various national and international monitoring networks since 1960s...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428158/mobile-application-to-promote-adherence-to-oral-chemotherapy-and-symptom-management-a-protocol-for-design-and-development
#8
Joel Nathan Fishbein, Lauren Ellen Nisotel, James John MacDonald, Nicole Amoyal Pensak, Jamie Michele Jacobs, Clare Flanagan, Kamal Jethwani, Joseph Andrew Greer
BACKGROUND: Oral chemotherapy is increasingly used in place of traditional intravenous chemotherapy to treat patients with cancer. While oral chemotherapy includes benefits such as ease of administration, convenience, and minimization of invasive infusions, patients receive less oversight, support, and symptom monitoring from clinicians. Additionally, adherence is a well-documented challenge for patients with cancer prescribed oral chemotherapy regimens. With the ever-growing presence of smartphones and potential for efficacious behavioral intervention technology, we created a mobile health intervention for medication and symptom management...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427329/cross-disorder-comparative-analysis-of-comorbid-conditions-reveals-novel-autism-candidate-genes
#9
Leticia Diaz-Beltran, Francisco J Esteban, Maya Varma, Alp Ortuzk, Maude David, Dennis P Wall
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have highlighted the elevated degree of comorbidity associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These comorbid conditions may add further impairments to individuals with autism and are substantially more prevalent compared to neurotypical populations. These high rates of comorbidity are not surprising taking into account the overlap of symptoms that ASD shares with other pathologies. From a research perspective, this suggests common molecular mechanisms involved in these conditions...
April 20, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426114/infectious-diseases-and-migrant-worker-health-in-singapore-a-receiving-country-s-perspective
#10
Sapna P Sadarangani, Poh Lian Lim, Shawn Vasoo
Background.: Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. Methods.: A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424797/magnetoencephalography-as-a-tool-in-psychiatric-research-current-status-and-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Peter J Uhlhaas, Peter Liddle, David E J Linden, Anna C Nobre, Krish D Singh, Joachim Gross
The application of neuroimaging to provide mechanistic insights into circuit dysfunctions in major psychiatric conditions and the development of biomarkers are core challenges in current psychiatric research. We propose that recent technological and analytic advances in magnetoencephalography (MEG), a technique that allows measurement of neuronal events directly and noninvasively with millisecond resolution, provides novel opportunities to address these fundamental questions. Because of its potential in delineating normal and abnormal brain dynamics, we propose that MEG provides a crucial tool to advance our understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of major neuropsychiatric conditions, such as schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorders, and the dementias...
April 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424140/impact-of-multimodality-pain-regimens-on-elective-colorectal-surgery-outcomes
#12
Jennifer A Kaplan, Emily Finlayson, Andrew D Auerbach
Trials of enhanced recovery programs suggest that multimodality pain regimens improve outcomes after colorectal surgery. We sought to determine whether patients receiving postoperative multimodality pain regimens would have shorter lengths of stay without an associated increase in readmission rate as compared to those receiving opioid-based pain regimens. Retrospective cohort study of adults who underwent elective colorectal surgery between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2012, in a national hospital network participating in the Premier Perspective database...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422746/integrating-nanohybrid-membranes-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-chitosan-silica-sol-gel-with-fiber-optic-spr-for-caffeine-detection
#13
Ravi Kant, Rana Tabassum, Banshi D Gupta
Caffeine is the most popular psychoactive drug consumed in the world for improving alertness and enhancing wakefulness. However, caffeine consumption beyond limits can result in lot of physiological complications in human beings. In this work, we report a novel detection scheme for caffeine integrating nanohybrid membranes of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) in chitosan modified silica sol gel (rGO: chitosan: silica sol gel) with fiber optic surface plasmon resonance. The chemically synthesized nanohybrid membrane forming the sensing route has been dip coated over silver coated unclad central portion of an optical fiber...
May 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421087/evolutionary-analysis-of-the-lafl-genes-involved-in-the-land-plant-seed-maturation-program
#14
Jing-Dan Han, Xia Li, Chen-Kun Jiang, Gane K-S Wong, Carl J Rothfels, Guang-Yuan Rao
Seeds are one of the most significant innovations in the land plant lineage, critical to the diversification and adaptation of plants to terrestrial environments. From perspective of seed evo-devo, the most crucial developmental stage in this innovation is seed maturation, which includes accumulation of storage reserves, acquisition of desiccation tolerance, and induction of dormancy. Based on previous studies of seed development in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, seed maturation is mainly controlled by the LAFL regulatory network, which includes LEAFY COTYLEDON1 (LEC1) and LEC1-LIKE (L1L) of the NF-YB gene family, and ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3), FUSCA3 (FUS3), and LEC2 (LEAFY COTYLEDON2) of the B3-AFL gene family...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420859/ultrastructural-and-physico-chemical-characterization-of-saliva-during-menstrual-cycle-in-perspective-of-ovulation-in-human
#15
Ganesan Saibaba, Mahalingam Srinivasan, Archunan Priya Aarthy, Velliyangiri Silambarasan, Govindaraju Archunan
Human saliva is a potential diagnostic fluid and any alteration in body might be reflected in saliva so that saliva is considered as "mirror of the body". Variations in salivary hormone level, ultra structure, pH, flow rate, buffering capacity and electrolytes level are found during menstrual cycle in regard to ovulation. Thirty healthy volunteers were used for the assessment of physico-chemical changes in saliva. Reproductive cycle was categorized as pre-ovulation phase (5 to 12 days), ovulation phase (13 or 14 days) and post-ovulation phase (15 to 25 days) according to salivary arborization test and hormonal analysis...
April 14, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418054/addressing-uncertainty-in-atomistic-machine-learning
#16
Andrew A Peterson, Rune Christensen, Alireza Khorshidi
Machine-learning regression has been demonstrated to precisely emulate the potential energy and forces that are output from more expensive electronic-structure calculations. However, to predict new regions of the potential energy surface, an assessment must be made of the credibility of the predictions. In this perspective, we address the types of errors that might arise in atomistic machine learning, the unique aspects of atomistic simulations that make machine-learning challenging, and highlight how uncertainty analysis can be used to assess the validity of machine-learning predictions...
April 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416683/structure-and-mechanics-of-aegagropilae-fiber-network
#17
Gautier Verhille, Sébastien Moulinet, Nicolas Vandenberghe, Mokhtar Adda-Bedia, Patrice Le Gal
Fiber networks encompass a wide range of natural and manmade materials. The threads or filaments from which they are formed span a wide range of length scales: from nanometers, as in biological tissues and bundles of carbon nanotubes, to millimeters, as in paper and insulation materials. The mechanical and thermal behavior of these complex structures depends on both the individual response of the constituent fibers and the density and degree of entanglement of the network. A question of paramount importance is how to control the formation of a given fiber network to optimize a desired function...
April 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416177/restoring-how-older-adults-manage-their-recovery-from-hip-fracture
#18
David J Healee, Antoinette McCallin, Marion Jones
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To generate a substantive theory that explained recovery from hip fracture from the perspective of older adults and find out how they managed it. BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a well-researched phenomenon. The perspective of how older adults recover from hip fracture has been examined least of all. Patients spend less time in hospital following injury and generally recover in their home setting. DESIGN: A Glaserian grounded theory approach was used for this study...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415476/cellular-compatibility-of-nanocomposite-scaffolds-based-on-hydroxyapatite-entrapped-in-cellulose-network-for-bone-repair
#19
Faranak Beladi, Samaneh Saber-Samandari, Saeed Saber-Samandari
In the past few decades, artificial graft materials for bone tissue engineering have gained much importance. In this study, novel porous 3D nanocomposite scaffolds composed of polyacrylamide grafted cellulose and hydroxyapatite were proposed. They were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The swelling behavior of the scaffolds was examined in both water and phosphate buffer saline (PBS) solution...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414473/an-alter-centric-perspective-on-employee-innovation-the-importance-of-alters-creative-self-efficacy-and-network-structure
#20
Travis J Grosser, Vijaya Venkataramani, Giuseppe Joe Labianca
While most social network studies of employee innovation behavior examine the focal employees' ("egos'") network structure, we employ an alter-centric perspective to study the personal characteristics of employees' network contacts-their "alters"-to better understand employee innovation. Specifically, we examine how the creative self-efficacy (CSE) and innovation behavior of employees' social network contacts affects their ability to generate and implement novel ideas. Hypotheses were tested using a sample of 144 employees in a U...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
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