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Creating normative data

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398997/scale-up-of-early-infant-hiv-diagnosis-and-improving-access-to-pediatric-hiv-care-in-global-plan-countries-past-and-future-perspectives
#1
Shaffiq Essajee, Ravikiran Bhairavabhotla, Martina Penazzato, Karusa Kiragu, Ilesh Jani, Sergio Carmona, Bharat Rewari, Charles Kiyaga, John Nkengasong, Trevor Peter
Investment to scale-up early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV has increased substantially in the last decade. This investment includes physical infrastructure, equipment, human resources, and specimen transportation systems as well as specialized mechanisms to deliver laboratory results to clinics. The Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive, as well as related international initiatives to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and treat children living with HIV have been important drivers of this scale-up by mobilizing resources, creating advocacy, developing normative recommendations, and providing direct technical support to countries through the global community of international stakeholders...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372471/trait-and-ability-emotional-intelligence-in-children-with-adhd
#2
Emma A Climie, Donald H Saklofske, Sarah M Mastoras, Vicki L Schwean
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine trait and ability emotional intelligence (EI) in children with ADHD. METHOD: Forty-one children with ADHD (9-11 years) completed two measures of EI-the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version-short form (EQi:YV-Brief) and the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, Youth Research Version (MSCEIT-YRV). RESULTS: Children with ADHD did not differ on total EI scores from the normative data on either the ability or trait EI measures...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364169/changes-in-brain-microstructure-during-infancy-and-childhood-using-clinical-feasible-adc-maps
#3
Eva Bültmann, Hans Joachim Mußgnug, Antonia Zapf, Hans Hartmann, Thomas Nägele, Heinrich Lanfermann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine age-related changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) during infancy and childhood using routine MRI data. METHODS: A total of 112 investigations of patients aged 0 to 17.2 years showing a normal degree of myelination and no signal abnormalities on conventional MRI were retrospectively selected from our pool of pediatric MRI examinations at 1.5T. ADC maps based on our routinely included axial diffusion weighted sequence were created from the scanner...
March 31, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344694/addressing-gaps-in-physician-knowledge-regarding-transgender-health-and-healthcare-through-medical-education
#4
Deborah McPhail, Marina Rountree-James, Ian Whetter
BACKGROUND: Transgender people (those people whose sex at birth does not "match" their felt gender identity) are a priority group for healthcare as they experience high rates of discrimination and related illnesses. Despite this, there is a trend of poor healthcare access for trans people due, in large part, to the denial of care on the part of physicians. A small body of literature is beginning to suggest that this denial of care may be due to a lack of physician knowledge as well as, in some cases, to transphobia...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326988/discrimination-and-identification-of-a-third-formant-frequency-cue-to-place-of-articulation-by-young-children-and-adults
#5
Kelly Richardson, Joan E Sussman
Typically-developing children, 4 to 6 years of age, and adults participated in discrimination and identification speech perception tasks using a synthetic consonant-vowel continuum ranging from /da/ to /ga/. The seven-step synthetic /da/-/ga/ continuum was created by adjusting the first 40 ms of the third formant frequency transition. For the discrimination task, listeners participated in a Change/No-Change paradigm with four different stimuli compared to the endpoint-1 /da/ token. For the identification task, listeners labeled each token along the /da/-/ga/ continuum as either "DA" or "GA...
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323445/neuropsychology-in-south-africa
#6
Sharon Truter, Menachem Mazabow, Alejandra Morlett Paredes, Diego Rivera, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
This survey forms part of an international research study conducted in 39 countries and is the first to describe the characteristics of individuals engaged in the practice of neuropsychology in South Africa (SA). The purpose was to analyze the characteristics of individuals working in the profession of neuropsychology in order to understand their background, professional training, current work situation, assessment and diagnostic procedures, rehabilitation techniques, teaching responsibilities, and research activities...
March 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315866/cerebrospinal-fluid-and-parenchymal-brain-development-and-growth-in-the-healthy-fetus
#7
Nickie N Andescavage, Adre DuPlessis, Robert McCarter, Gilbert Vezina, Richard Robertson, Catherine Limperopoulos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to apply quantitative magnetic resonance imaging to characterize absolute cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) development, as well as its relative development to fetal brain parenchyma in the healthy human fetus. DESIGN: We created three-dimensional high-resolution reconstructions of the developing brain for healthy fetuses between 18 and 40 weeks' gestation, segmented the parenchymal and CSF spaces, and calculated the volumes for the lateral, third, and fourth ventricles; extra-axial CSF space; and the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem...
March 18, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301824/using-a-dual-task-protocol-to-investigate-motor-and-cognitive-performance-in-healthy-children-and-youth
#8
Tracy L Fabri, Katherine E Wilson, Nicole Holland, Andrea Hickling, James Murphy, Philippe Fait, Nick Reed
OBJECTIVES: Mild traumatic brain injury (or concussion) is a prevalent yet understudied health concern in children and youth. This injury can cause dysfunction in both motor and cognitive domains; however, most literature focuses on single-task neuropsychological tests which only assess cognition. Although dual-task research on concussed children and youth is needed as many daily activities require both motor and cognitive domains, we must first investigate whether performing simultaneous motor and cognitive tasks of varied complexity impact these domains in healthy children and youth...
March 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282732/how-do-older-adults-experience-and-perceive-socially-assistive-robots-in-aged-care-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#9
Tijs Vandemeulebroucke, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Chris Gastmans
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to gain a better understanding of how older adults experience, perceive, think, and feel about the use of socially assistive robots (SARs) in aged care settings. METHOD: We conducted a literature search for studies that used a qualitative or a mixed-method approach having a significant qualitative element. Pubmed, Cinahl, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science electronic databases were queried. Candidate articles published in journals and conference proceedings were considered for review...
February 9, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241933/zimbabwe-s-human-resources-for-health-information-system-zhris-an-assessment-in-the-context-of-establishing-a-global-standard
#10
Keith P Waters, Alexandra Zuber, Tungamirirai Simbini, Zwashe Bangani, Ramesh S Krishnamurthy
INTRODUCTION: There have been numerous global calls to action to utilize human resources information systems (HRIS) to improve the availability and quality of data for strengthening the regulation and deployment of health workers. However, with no normative guidance in existence, the development of HRIS has been inconsistent and lacking in standardization, hindering the availability and use of data for health workforce planning and decision making (Riley et al., 2012). CDC and WHO partnered with the Ministry of Health in several countries to conduct HRIS functional requirements analyses and establish a Minimum Data Set (MDS) of elements essential for a global standard HRIS...
April 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195132/analysis-of-craniocardiac-malformations-in-xenopus-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#11
Engin Deniz, Stephan Jonas, Michael Hooper, John N Griffin, Michael A Choma, Mustafa K Khokha
Birth defects affect 3% of children in the United States. Among the birth defects, congenital heart disease and craniofacial malformations are major causes of mortality and morbidity. Unfortunately, the genetic mechanisms underlying craniocardiac malformations remain largely uncharacterized. To address this, human genomic studies are identifying sequence variations in patients, resulting in numerous candidate genes. However, the molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis for most candidate genes are unknown. Therefore, there is a need for functional analyses in rapid and efficient animal models of human disease...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159457/the-vhi-10-and-vhi-item-reduction-translations-are-we-all-speaking-the-same-language
#12
REVIEW
Mark R Gilbert, Jackie L Gartner-Schmidt, Clark A Rosen
OBJECTIVES: The Vocal Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) was designed as an item reduction of the original VHI to provide a quick, reliable, and quantifiable measure of patients' own vocal handicap perception. Many translations of the VHI-10 have been produced, but methodologies of translation vary between articles and do not always mirror that of the English VHI-10. This discrepancy leads to confusion about normative values and the applicability of published data in non-English-speaking cultures...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071870/accessing-new-understandings-of-trauma-informed-care-with-queer-birthing-women-in-a-rural-context
#13
Jennifer Searle, Lisa Goldberg, Megan Aston, Sylvia Burrow
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Participant narratives from a feminist and queer phenomenological study aim to broaden current understandings of trauma. Examining structural marginalization within perinatal care relationships provides insights into the impact of dominant models of care on queer birthing women. More specifically, validation of queer experience as a key finding from the study offers trauma-informed strategies that reconstruct formerly disempowering perinatal relationships. BACKGROUND: Heteronormativity governs birthing spaces and presents considerable challenges for queer birthing women who may also have an increased risk of trauma due to structurally marginalizing processes that create and maintain socially constructed differences...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915081/parental-feeding-practices-in-families-with-children-aged-2-13-years-psychometric-properties-and-child-age-specific-norms-of-the-german-version-of-the-child-feeding-questionnaire-cfq
#14
Ricarda Schmidt, Robert Richter, Anne Brauhardt, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) is a self-report questionnaire for assessing parental attitudes to child weight and parental feeding practices. Previous evaluations of its psychometric properties were conducted primarily with small to medium-sized samples (N < 500) and a small range of children's age. The present study aims to analyze the psychometric properties of the CFQ in a large German community sample and, for the first time, to establish normative data. Within the population-based LIFE Child study, the CFQ was administered to N = 982 mothers of 2- to 13-year-old children...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894201/screening-for-cognitive-dysfunction-in-als-validation-of-the-edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-using-age-and-education-adjusted-normative-data
#15
Marta Pinto-Grau, Tom Burke, Katie Lonergan, Caroline McHugh, Iain Mays, Caoifa Madden, Alice Vajda, Mark Heverin, Marwa Elamin, Orla Hardiman, Niall Pender
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and behavioural changes are an important aspect in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) briefly assesses these changes in ALS. OBJECTIVE: To validate the ECAS against a standardised neuropsychological battery and assess its sensitivity and specificity using age and education adjusted cut-off scores. METHOD: 30 incident ALS cases were assessed on both, ECAS and neuropsychological battery...
November 28, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874840/an-integrated-narrative-nursing-model-towards-a-new-healthcare-paradigm
#16
Giovanna Artioli, Chiara Foà, Chiara Taffurelli
In the traditional biomedical model of clinical practice, which assumes a medicine focused on disease, diseases are considered as biological or psycho-physiological universal entities. This explanation, although necessary, is not enough. Several authors have recently become interested in the use of narrative practices in the medical care setting, underlining the increasing importance of "a patient-centered approach", a "relationship -centered care" and "narrative medicine". Even in Nursing, the challenge was to combine two models that seemed incompatible: the Evidence-Based Nursing Model and the Narrative-Based Nursing Model...
November 22, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812340/advanced-neuropsychological-diagnostics-infrastructure-andi-a-normative-database-created-from-control-datasets
#17
Nathalie R de Vent, Joost A Agelink van Rentergem, Ben A Schmand, Jaap M J Murre, Hilde M Huizenga
In the Advanced Neuropsychological Diagnostics Infrastructure (ANDI), datasets of several research groups are combined into a single database, containing scores on neuropsychological tests from healthy participants. For most popular neuropsychological tests the quantity, and range of these data surpasses that of traditional normative data, thereby enabling more accurate neuropsychological assessment. Because of the unique structure of the database, it facilitates normative comparison methods that were not feasible before, in particular those in which entire profiles of scores are evaluated...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805425/cognitive-map-recall-test-a-new-specific-test-to-assess-topographical-disorientation
#18
Virginie Descloux, Roland Maurer
Topographical disorientation, the inability to orient in a well-known environment, is a very incapacitating syndrome. Despite its relatively high frequency after a right cerebral lesion, there is currently no specific neuropsychological test to assess it. We propose a completely new test, with preliminary normative data, assessing the subjects' ability to recall allocentric spatial information from their cognitive map. The subjects are asked to mentally compare distances and directions between landmarks in their familiar environment...
November 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783573/a-normative-dataset-of-the-balance-error-scoring-system-in-children-aged-between-5-and-14
#19
Colby Hansen, Dan Cushman, Nicholas Anderson, Wei Chen, Christine Cheng, Shirley D Hon, Man Hung
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric head injuries occur commonly and are being reported in increasing numbers. Balance testing is a key component in the evaluation of suspected concussion, and the balance error scoring system (BESS) is likely the most well-known and widely used measure. To date, normative BESS scores for adults have been reported but not for children. DESIGN: Normative data for BESS scores and modified BESS scores were created in a cohort of healthy children. Potential variables were analyzed as predictors of BESS performance...
November 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752402/comparison-of-common-retinal-vessel-caliber-measurement-software-and-a-conversion-algorithm
#20
WanFen Yip, Yih Chung Tham, Wynne Hsu, Mong Li Lee, Ronald Klein, Barbara Klein, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Tien Yin Wong, Carol Yim-Lui Cheung
PURPOSE: To compare three commonly used retinal vessel caliber measurement software systems, and propose an algorithm for conversion between measurement systems. METHODS: We used 120 retinal photographs to evaluate the agreement between three commonly used software (Retinal Analysis [RA], Integrative Vessel Analysis [IVAN], and Singapore I Vessel Assessment [SIVA]). Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate agreement of retinal arteriolar (central retinal artery equivalent, CRAE) and venular (central retinal vein equivalent, CRVE) calibers...
October 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
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