keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Creating normative data

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730147/development-of-an-international-odor-identification-test-for-children-the-universal-sniff-test
#1
Valentin A Schriever, Eduardo Agosin, Aytug Altundag, Hadas Avni, Helene Cao Van, Carlos Cornejo, Gonzalo de Los Santos, Gad Fishman, Claudio Fragola, Marco Guarneros, Neelima Gupta, Robyn Hudson, Reda Kamel, Antti Knaapila, Iordanis Konstantinidis, Basile N Landis, Maria Larsson, Johan N Lundström, Alberto Macchi, Franklin Mariño-Sánchez, Lenka Martinec Nováková, Eri Mori, Joaquim Mullol, Marie Nord, Valentina Parma, Carl Philpott, Evan J Propst, Ahmed Rawan, Mari Sandell, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Piotr Sorokowski, Lisa-Marie Sparing-Paschke, Carolin Stetzler, Claudia Valder, Jan Vodicka, Thomas Hummel
OBJECTIVE: To assess olfactory function in children and to create and validate an odor identification test to diagnose olfactory dysfunction in children, which we called the Universal Sniff (U-Sniff) test. STUDY DESIGN: This is a multicenter study involving 19 countries. The U-Sniff test was developed in 3 phases including 1760 children age 5-7 years. Phase 1: identification of potentially recognizable odors; phase 2: selection of odorants for the odor identification test; and phase 3: evaluation of the test and acquisition of normative data...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724115/an-algorithm-for-creating-virtual-controls-using-integrated-and-harmonized-longitudinal-data
#2
William B Hansen, Shyh-Huei Chen, Santiago Saldana, Edward H Ip
We introduce a strategy for creating virtual control groups-cases generated through computer algorithms that, when aggregated, may serve as experimental comparators where live controls are difficult to recruit, such as when programs are widely disseminated and randomization is not feasible. We integrated and harmonized data from eight archived longitudinal adolescent-focused data sets spanning the decades from 1980 to 2010. Collectively, these studies examined numerous psychosocial variables and assessed past 30-day alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712794/how-normative-interpretations-of-climate-risk-assessment-affect-local-decision-making-an-exploratory-study-at-the-city-scale-in-cork-ireland
#3
T K J McDermott, S Surminski
Urban areas already suffer substantial losses in both economic and human terms from climate-related disasters. These losses are anticipated to grow substantially, in part as a result of the impacts of climate change. In this paper, we investigate the process of translating climate risk data into action for the city level. We apply a commonly used decision-framework as our backdrop and explore where in this process climate risk assessment and normative political judgements intersect. We use the case of flood risk management in Cork city in Ireland to investigate what is needed for translating risk assessment into action at the local city level...
June 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703099/hearing-tests-are-just-child-s-play-the-sound-scouts-game-for-children-entering-school
#4
Harvey Dillon, Carolyn Mee, Jesus Cuauhtemoc Moreno, John Seymour
OBJECTIVE: To create a hearing test useable without the involvement of a clinician or calibrated equipment, suitable for children aged 5 or older. DESIGN: The tablet-based app (Sound Scouts) includes tests of speech in quiet, speech in noise and tones in noise, all embedded in game designed to maintain attention. Data were collected to intelligibility-equalize the stimuli, establish normative performance, and evaluate the sensitivity with which Sound Scouts detected known hearing problems and identified their type...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702393/drug-policy-constellations-a-habermasian-approach-for-understanding-english-drug-policy
#5
Alex Stevens, Giulia Federica Zampini
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly accepted that a view of policy as a rational process of fitting evidence-based means to rationally justified ends is inadequate for understanding the actual processes of drug policy making. We aim to provide a better description and explanation of recent English drug policy decisions. METHOD: We develop the policy constellation concept from the work of Habermas, in dialogue with data from two contemporary debates in English policy; on decriminalisation of drug possession and on recovery in drug treatment...
April 24, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617688/big-data-for-public-health-policy-making-policy-empowerment
#6
Laura Mählmann, Matthias Reumann, Nikolaos Evangelatos, Angela Brand
Digitization is considered to radically transform healthcare. As such, with seemingly unlimited opportunities to collect data, it will play an important role in the public health policy-making process. In this context, health data cooperatives (HDC) are a key component and core element for public health policy-making and for exploiting the potential of all the existing and rapidly emerging data sources. Being able to leverage all the data requires overcoming the computational, algorithmic, and technological challenges that characterize today's highly heterogeneous data landscape, as well as a host of diverse regulatory, normative, governance, and policy constraints...
April 4, 2018: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615034/multipulse-transcranial-electrical-stimulation-tes-normative-data-for-motor-evoked-potentials-in-healthy-horses
#7
Sanne Lotte Journée, Henricus Louis Journée, Cornelis Marinus de Bruijn, Cathérine John Ghislaine Delesalle
BACKGROUND: There are indications that transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) assesses the motor function of the spinal cord in horses in a more sensitive and reproducible fashion than transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). However, no normative data of TES evoked motor potentials (MEP) is available. RESULTS: In this prospective study normative data of TES induced MEP wave characteristics (motor latency times (MLT); amplitude and waveform) was obtained from the extensor carpi radialis (ECR) and tibial cranialis (TC) muscles in a group of healthy horses to create a reference frame for functional diagnostic purposes...
April 3, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602091/developing-religiously-tailored-health-messages-for-behavioral-change-introducing-the-reframe-reprioritize-and-reform-3r-model
#8
Aasim I Padela, Sana Malik, Milkie Vu, Michael Quinn, Monica Peek
RATIONALE: As community health interventions advance from being faith-placed to authentically faith-based, greater discussion is needed about the theory, practice, and ethics of delivering health messages embedded within a religious worldview. While there is much potential to leverage religion to promote health behaviors and improve health outcomes, there is also a risk of co-opting religious teachings for strictly biomedical ends. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development, implementation, and ethical dimensions of a conceptual model for religiously-tailoring health messages...
March 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593883/qualitative-assessment-of-a-context-of-consumption-framework-to-inform-regulation-of-cigarette-pack-design-in-the-u-s
#9
Joseph G L Lee, Paige E Averett, Tiffany Blanchflower, Kyle R Gregory
INTRODUCTION: Researchers and regulators need to know how changes to cigarette packages can influence population health. We sought to advance research on the role of cigarette packaging by assessing a theory-informed framework from the fields of design and consumer research. The selected Context of Consumption Framework posits cognitive, affective, and behavioral responses to visual design. To assess the Framework's potential for guiding research on the visual design of cigarette packaging in the U...
February 2018: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582781/objective-profiling-of-varied-human-motion-based-on-normative-assessment-of-magnetometer-time-series-data
#10
Claire M Barnes, Cain C T Clark, Paul Rees, Gareth Stratton, Huw D Summers
OBJECTIVE: To quantify varied human motion and obtain an objective assessment of relative performance across a cohort. APPROACH: A wrist-worn magnetometer was used to record and quantify the complex motion patterns of 55 children aged 10-12 years old, generated during a fundamental movement skills programme. Sensor-based quantification of the physical activity used dynamic time warping of the magnetometer time series data for pairs of children. Pairwise comparison across the whole cohort produced a similarity matrix of all child to child correlations...
March 27, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553762/a-cognitive-psychometric-model-for-assessment-of-picture-naming-abilities-in-aphasia
#11
Grant M Walker, Gregory Hickok, Julius Fridriksson
Picture naming impairments are a typical feature of stroke-induced aphasia. Overall accuracy and rates of different error types are used to make inferences about the severity and nature of damage to the brain's language network. Currently available assessment tools for picture naming accuracy treat it as a unidimensional measure, while assessment tools for error types treat items homogenously, contrary to findings from psycholinguistic investigations of word production. We created and tested a new cognitive psychometric model for assessment of picture naming responses, using cognitive theory to specify latent processing decisions during the production of a naming attempt, and using item response theory to separate the effects of item difficulty and participant ability on these internal processing decisions...
March 19, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524763/glucocorticoid-endocannabinoid-uncoupling-mediates-fear-suppression-deficits-after-early-life-stress
#12
Piray Atsak, Maria Morena, Chantal Schoenmaker, Emma Tabak, Charlotte A Oomen, Sara Jamil, Matthew N Hill, Benno Roozendaal
Early-life stress (ELS) creates life-long vulnerability to stress-related anxiety disorders through altering stress and fear systems in the brain. The endocannabinoid system has emerged as an important regulator of the stress response through a crosstalk with the glucocorticoid system, yet whether it plays a role in the persistent effects of ELS remains unanswered. By combining, behavioral, pharmacological and biochemical approaches in adult male rats, we examined the impact of ELS on the regulation of endocannabinoid function by stress and glucocorticoids...
May 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514635/patient-data-and-patient-rights-swiss-healthcare-stakeholders-ethical-awareness-regarding-large-patient-data-sets-a-qualitative-study
#13
Corine Mouton Dorey, Holger Baumann, Nikola Biller-Andorno
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in aggregating more biomedical and patient data into large health data sets for research and public benefits. However, collecting and processing patient data raises new ethical issues regarding patient's rights, social justice and trust in public institutions. The aim of this empirical study is to gain an in-depth understanding of the awareness of possible ethical risks and corresponding obligations among those who are involved in projects using patient data, i...
March 7, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491481/the-spanish-version-of-face-name-associative-memory-exam-s-fname-performance-is-related-to-amyloid-burden-in-subjective-cognitive-decline
#14
Angela Sanabria, Montserrat Alegret, Octavio Rodriguez-Gomez, Sergi Valero, Oscar Sotolongo-Grau, Gemma Monté-Rubio, Carla Abdelnour, Ana Espinosa, Gemma Ortega, Alba Perez-Cordon, Anna Gailhajanet, Isabel Hernandez, Maitee Rosende-Roca, Liliana Vargas, Ana Mauleon, Domingo Sanchez, Elvira Martin, Dorene M Rentz, Francisco Lomeña, Agustin Ruiz, Lluis Tarraga, Merce Boada
The Face-Name Associative Memory Exam (FNAME) is a paired associative memory test created to detect memory deficits in individuals with preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). Worse performance on FNAME in cognitively healthy individuals were found related to higher amyloid beta (Aβ) burden measured with Positron-Emission-Tomography using 11 C-PiB (PiB-PET). We previously reported normative data of a Spanish version of FNAME (S-FNAME) in cognitively healthy Spanish-speaking subjects. The aim of the present study was to determine whether performance on S-FNAME was associated with Aβ burden in subjective cognitive decline (SCD) individuals...
February 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480561/a-retrospective-evaluation-of-echocardiograms-to-establish-normative-inferior-vena-cava-and-aortic-measurements-for-children-younger-than-6-years
#15
Erin K Stenson, Rajesh Punn, Musaab Ramsi, Saraswati Kache
OBJECTIVES: The ability to plot the inferior vena cava (IVC) size on a normal curve for pediatric patients may prove beneficial. First, in patients with normal cardiac anatomy who present in shock, assessing IVC size may be valuable for evaluating the degree of dehydration. Second, in children with heart disease, understanding how a child's IVC size compares to normal could be particularly beneficial for patients with right heart disease. We sought to create normal curves for the IVC and aorta in children younger than 6 years...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371749/does-intimate-partner-violence-decline-as-women-s-empowerment-becomes-normative-perspectives-of-bangladeshi-women
#16
Sidney Ruth Schuler, Sohela Nazneen
Studies addressing the relationship between women's empowerment and intimate partner violence (IPV) have yielded conflicting findings. Some suggest that women's economic and social empowerment is associated with an increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV), arguably because men use often IPV to enforce their dominance and reassert inegalitarian gender norms when patriarchal norms are challenged; other studies suggest the converse. It is important to understand why these findings are contradictory to create a more sound basis for designing both women's empowerment interventions and anti-violence interventions...
January 2018: World Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309020/quantification-of-head-acceleration-during-vestibular-rehabilitation-exercises
#17
Anne E Hogan, Jonathan H Spindel, Lincoln C Gray
PURPOSE: Vestibular rehabilitation exercises have been proven to reduce symptoms and diminish the risk of falls in those with dizziness and balance impairments. The first purpose of this study is to investigate a new method of measuring head movements during habituation vestibular rehabilitation exercises. The second is to explore the relationship between head acceleration measurements during select traditional vestibular rehabilitation exercises and the variables of age, dizziness, and poor balance confidence...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297597/validation-of-a-novel-scoring-system-for-changes-in-skeletal-manifestations-of-hypophosphatasia-in-newborns-infants-and-children-the-radiographic-global-impression-of-change-scale
#18
Michael P Whyte, Kenji P Fujita, Scott Moseley, David D Thompson, William H McAlister
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is the heritable metabolic disease characterized by impaired skeletal mineralization due to low activity of the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase. Although HPP during growth often manifests with distinctive radiographic skeletal features, no validated method was available to quantify them, including changes over time. We created the Radiographic Global Impression of Change (RGI-C) scale to assess changes in the skeletal burden of pediatric HPP. Site-specific pairs of radiographs of newborns, infants, and children with HPP from three clinical studies of asfotase alfa, an enzyme replacement therapy for HPP, were obtained at baseline and during treatment...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273560/transnational-social-movement-theory-and-the-waning-war-on-drugs-case-studies-from-ungass-2016
#19
Ben Mostyn, Helen Gibbon
BACKGROUND: The United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs 1988 ("1988 Convention") expresses a strong normative preference for criminalising drug possession. Historically, the United Nations offices responsible for overseeing the treaties have held that decriminalisation of drug possession is contrary to the treaties. Leading up to and during UNGASS 2016, however, rather than emphasise criminalisation, the high-ranking officials from the drug control offices emphasised the treaties' allowance of alternatives to punishment for drug possession offences...
January 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240561/version-3-of-the-alzheimer-disease-centers-neuropsychological-test-battery-in-the-uniform-data-set-uds
#20
Sandra Weintraub, Lilah Besser, Hiroko H Dodge, Merilee Teylan, Steven Ferris, Felicia C Goldstein, Bruno Giordani, Joel Kramer, David Loewenstein, Dan Marson, Dan Mungas, David Salmon, Kathleen Welsh-Bohmer, Xiao-Hua Zhou, Steven D Shirk, Alireza Atri, Walter A Kukull, Creighton Phelps, John C Morris
INTRODUCTION: The neuropsychological battery of the Uniform Data Set (UDSNB) was implemented in 2005 by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) Alzheimer Disease Centers program to measure cognitive performance in dementia and mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer Disease. This paper describes a revision, the UDSNB 3.0. METHODS: The Neuropsychology Work Group of the NIA Clinical Task Force recommended revisions through a process of due diligence to address shortcomings of the original battery...
January 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
keyword
keyword
27667
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"