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Creating normative data

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915081/parental-feeding-practices-in-families-with-children-aged-2-13-years-psychometric-properties-and-child-age-specific-norms-of-the-german-version-of-the-child-feeding-questionnaire-cfq
#1
Ricarda Schmidt, Robert Richter, Anne Brauhardt, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) is a self-report questionnaire for assessing parental attitudes to child weight and parental feeding practices. Previous evaluations of its psychometric properties were conducted primarily with small-to medium-sized samples (N < 500) and a small range of children's age. The present study aims to analyze the psychometric properties of the CFQ in a large German community sample and, for the first time, to establish normative data. Within the population-based LIFE Child study, the CFQ was administered to N = 982 mothers of 2- to 13-year-old children...
November 30, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894201/screening-for-cognitive-dysfunction-in-als-validation-of-the-edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-using-age-and-education-adjusted-normative-data
#2
Marta Pinto-Grau, Tom Burke, Katie Lonergan, Caroline McHugh, Iain Mays, Caoifa Madden, Alice Vajda, Mark Heverin, Marwa Elamin, Orla Hardiman, Niall Pender
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and behavioural changes are an important aspect in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) briefly assesses these changes in ALS. OBJECTIVE: To validate the ECAS against a standardised neuropsychological battery and assess its sensitivity and specificity using age and education adjusted cut-off scores. METHOD: 30 incident ALS cases were assessed on both, ECAS and neuropsychological battery...
November 28, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874840/an-integrated-narrative-nursing-model-towards-a-new-healthcare-paradigm
#3
Giovanna Artioli, Chiara Foà, Chiara Taffurelli
In the traditional biomedical model of clinical practice, which assumes a medicine focused on disease, diseases are considered as biological or psycho-physiological universal entities. This explanation, although necessary, is not enough. Several authors have recently become interested in the use of narrative practices in the medical care setting, underlining the increasing importance of "a patient-centered approach", a "relationship -centered care" and "narrative medicine". Even in Nursing, the challenge was to combine two models that seemed incompatible: the Evidence-Based Nursing Model and the Narrative-Based Nursing Model...
November 22, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812340/advanced-neuropsychological-diagnostics-infrastructure-andi-a-normative-database-created-from-control-datasets
#4
Nathalie R de Vent, Joost A Agelink van Rentergem, Ben A Schmand, Jaap M J Murre, Hilde M Huizenga
In the Advanced Neuropsychological Diagnostics Infrastructure (ANDI), datasets of several research groups are combined into a single database, containing scores on neuropsychological tests from healthy participants. For most popular neuropsychological tests the quantity, and range of these data surpasses that of traditional normative data, thereby enabling more accurate neuropsychological assessment. Because of the unique structure of the database, it facilitates normative comparison methods that were not feasible before, in particular those in which entire profiles of scores are evaluated...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805425/cognitive-map-recall-test-a-new-specific-test-to-assess-topographical-disorientation
#5
Virginie Descloux, Roland Maurer
Topographical disorientation, the inability to orient in a well-known environment, is a very incapacitating syndrome. Despite its relatively high frequency after a right cerebral lesion, there is currently no specific neuropsychological test to assess it. We propose a completely new test, with preliminary normative data, assessing the subjects' ability to recall allocentric spatial information from their cognitive map. The subjects are asked to mentally compare distances and directions between landmarks in their familiar environment...
November 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783573/a-normative-dataset-of-the-balance-error-scoring-system-in-children-aged-between-5-and-14
#6
Colby Hansen, Dan Cushman, Nicholas Anderson, Wei Chen, Christine Cheng, Shirley D Hon, Man Hung
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric head injuries occur commonly and are being reported in increasing numbers. Balance testing is a key component in the evaluation of suspected concussion, and the balance error scoring system (BESS) is likely the most well-known and widely used measure. To date, normative BESS scores for adults have been reported but not for children. DESIGN: Normative data for BESS scores and modified BESS scores were created in a cohort of healthy children. Potential variables were analyzed as predictors of BESS performance...
November 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752402/comparison-of-common-retinal-vessel-caliber-measurement-software-and-a-conversion-algorithm
#7
WanFen Yip, Yih Chung Tham, Wynne Hsu, Mong Li Lee, Ronald Klein, Barbara Klein, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Tien Yin Wong, Carol Yim-Lui Cheung
PURPOSE: To compare three commonly used retinal vessel caliber measurement software systems, and propose an algorithm for conversion between measurement systems. METHODS: We used 120 retinal photographs to evaluate the agreement between three commonly used software (Retinal Analysis [RA], Integrative Vessel Analysis [IVAN], and Singapore I Vessel Assessment [SIVA]). Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate agreement of retinal arteriolar (central retinal artery equivalent, CRAE) and venular (central retinal vein equivalent, CRVE) calibers...
October 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722957/understanding-blood-pressure-variation-and-variability-biological-importance-and-clinical-significance
#8
Gary D James
Variability is a normative property of blood pressure necessary for survival which likely contributes to morbidity and mortality through allostatic load. Because of its allostatic and adaptive properties blood pressure responses to peculiar situations like the visit to the clinic can lead to the misdiagnosis of hypertension. Cuff methods of blood pressure measurement can also create blood pressure variation when there really is none. There are also physiological differences between populations related to their evolutionary history that likely further affect the extent of population differences in 24-h blood pressure variability...
October 9, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715830/validation-study-of-the-revised-version-of-the-scale-of-prejudice-against-sexual-and-gender-diversity-in-brazil
#9
Angelo Brandelli Costa, Wagner de Lara Machado, Denise Ruschel Bandeira, Henrique Caetano Nardi
In Brazil, there is a deficit of culturally adapted tools to assess prejudice against sexual and gender diversity with empirically demonstrable validity and reliability. Prejudice against non-heterosexual orientations is a strong problem within Brazilian culture and is particularly related to non-normative expressions of gender. To address these issues, a scale was created. The objective of this article is to validate the revised version of this instrument developed for the specificities of Brazilian culture and establish its reliability...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711939/the-ege-agraphia-test-battery-for-identifying-the-writing-disorders-in-cases-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Dilek Evyapan Akkuş, Ayşe Güler
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to create an agraphia test battery specific to Turkish language, to obtain normative data for the performance and error types of this test and to demonstrate its success in detecting cognitive disorders in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) cases that can't be diagnosed by formal neuropsychological tests due to the fact that writing is a complex function. METHOD: For this purpose, 20 healthy control (HC) subjects, 20 MCI cases and 20 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of 1 were evaluated with Ege Agraphia Test Battery...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693973/financing-the-hiv-response-in-sub-saharan-africa-from-domestic-sources-moving-beyond-a-normative-approach
#11
Michelle Remme, Mariana Siapka, Olivier Sterck, Mthuli Ncube, Charlotte Watts, Anna Vassall
Despite optimism about the end of AIDS, the HIV response requires sustained financing into the future. Given flat-lining international aid, countries' willingness and ability to shoulder this responsibility will be central to access to HIV care. This paper examines the potential to expand public HIV financing, and the extent to which governments have been utilising these options. We develop and compare a normative and empirical approach. First, with data from the 14 most HIV-affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa, we estimate the potential increase in public HIV financing from economic growth, increased general revenue generation, greater health and HIV prioritisation, as well as from more unconventional and innovative sources, including borrowing, health-earmarked resources, efficiency gains, and complementary non-HIV investments...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684408/the-profession-of-neuropsychology-in-spain-results-of-a-national-survey
#12
Laiene Olabarrieta-Landa, Alfonso Caracuel, Miguel Pérez-García, Ivan Panyavin, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To examine the current status of professional neuropsychology in Spain, with particular focus on the areas of professional training, current work situation, evaluation and diagnostic practice, rehabilitation, teaching, and research. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-nine self-identified professionals in neuropsychology from Spain completed an online survey between July and December of 2013. Respondents had an average age of 35.8 years and 77% were women...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647791/the-frontal-assessment-battery-normative-performance-in-a-large-sample-of-older-community-dwelling-hospital-outpatient-or-general-practitioner-attenders
#13
Robert F Coen, Kevin McCarroll, Miriam Casey, Helene McNulty, Eamon Laird, Anne M Molloy, M Ward, J J Strain, Leane Hoey, Catherine Hughes, Conal J Cunningham
BACKGROUND: The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) is a short battery designed to assess frontal executive functioning, but data for interpretation of performance are limited. OBJECTIVES: The Trinity, Ulster, Department of Agriculture (TUDA) study provided the opportunity to derive performance data from a large sample of community-dwelling hospital outpatient or general practitioner (GP) attenders. METHODS: Normative analysis based on 2508 TUDA participants meeting these criteria: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) >26/30, not depressed (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression <16) or anxious (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale <8), no history of stroke, or transient ischemic attack...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646418/do-radiographic-parameters-of-dysplasia-improve-to-normal-ranges-after-bernese-periacetabular-osteotomy
#14
Eduardo N Novais, Stephen Duncan, Jeffrey Nepple, Gail Pashos, Perry L Schoenecker, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: The goal of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is to improve the insufficient coverage of the femoral head and achieve joint stability without creating secondary femoroacetabular impingement. However, the complex tridimensional morphology of the dysplastic acetabulum presents a challenge to restoration of normal radiographic parameters. Accurate acetabular correction is important to achieve long-term function and pain improvement. There are limited data about the proportion of patients who have normal radiographic parameters restored after PAO and the factors associated with under- and overcorrection...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640905/the-erasure-of-gender-in-academic-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#15
Fiona Webster, Kathleen Rice, Jennifer Christian, Natashia Seemann, Nancy Baxter, Carol-Anne Moulton, Tulin Cil
BACKGROUND: The number of women in surgery has steadily increased, yet their numbers in academic surgery positions and in high-ranking leadership roles remain low. To create strategies to address and improve this problem, it is essential to examine how gender plays into the advancement of a woman's career in academic surgery. METHODS: Focus group (1) and one-on-one qualitative interviews (8) were conducted with women academic surgeons from various subspecialties in a large university setting...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587744/differences-in-medial-and-lateral-posterior-tibial-slope-an-osteological-review-of-1090-tibiae-comparing-age-sex-and-race
#16
Douglas S Weinberg, Drew F K Williamson, Jeremy J Gebhart, Derrick M Knapik, James E Voos
BACKGROUND: Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are common, and a number of knee morphological variables have been identified as risk factors for an ACL injury, including the posterior tibial slope (TS). However, limited data exist regarding innate population differences in the TS. PURPOSE: To (1) establish normative values for the medial and lateral posterior TS; (2) determine what differences exist between ages, sexes, and races; and (3) determine how internal or external tibial rotation (as occurs during sagittal knee motion) influences the stereotactic perception of the TS...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513266/three-dimensional-cephalometric-norms-of-turkish-cypriots-using-cbctimages-reconstructed-from-a-volumetric-rendering-program-in-vivo
#17
Levent Vahdettin, Seçil Aksoy, Ulaş Öz, Kaan Orhan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to create a database of 3D cephalometric measurements of Turkish Cypriot patients using a 3D rendering software program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 121 subjects who had undergone cone beam CT imaging (CBCT). Invivo 5.1 software was used to generate cephalograms from the CBCT dataset that were then linked to the 3D hard-tissue surface representations. In total, 38 angular and 28 linear widely used measurements were recorded...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505316/influence-of-pachymetry-and-intraocular-pressure-on-dynamic-corneal-response-parameters-in-healthy-patients
#18
Riccardo Vinciguerra, Ahmed Elsheikh, Cynthia J Roberts, Renato Ambrósio, David Sung Yong Kang, Bernardo T Lopes, Emanuela Morenghi, Claudio Azzolini, Paolo Vinciguerra
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of pachymetry, age, and intraocular pressure in normal patients and to provide normative values for all dynamic corneal response parameters (DCRs) provided by dynamic Scheimpflug analysis. METHODS: Seven hundred five healthy patients were included in this multicenter retrospective study. The biomechanical response data were analyzed to obtain normative values with their dependence on corrected and clinically validated intraocular pressure estimates developed using the finite element method (bIOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), and age, and to evaluate the influence of bIOP, CCT, and age...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496045/connecting-professional-practice-and-technology-at-the-bedside-nurses-beliefs-about-using-an-electronic-health-record-and-their-ability-to-incorporate-professional-and-patient-centered-nursing-activities-in-patient-care
#19
Melissa Gomes, Pamela Hash, Liana Orsolini, Aimee Watkins, Andrea Mazzoccoli
The purpose of this research is to determine the effects of implementing an electronic health record on medical-surgical registered nurses' time spent in direct professional patient-centered nursing activities, attitudes and beliefs related to implementation, and changes in level of nursing engagement after deployment of the electronic health record. Patient-centered activities were categorized using Watson's Caritas Processes and the Relationship-Based Care Delivery System. Methods included use of an Attitudes and Beliefs Assessment Questionnaire, Nursing Engagement Questionnaire, and Rapid Modeling Corporation's personal digital assistants for time and motion data collection...
August 4, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460141/implementation-of-a-hospital-electronic-surgical-registry-in-a-lower-middle-income-country
#20
Mohini Dasari, Marcelo Garbett, Elizabeth Miller, Gustavo M Machaín, Juan Carlos Puyana
BACKGROUND: While the benefits of using electronic health records (EHRs) in both developed and low- and middle-income countries are known, the barriers to implementing EHRs in lower-middle-income countries have not been fully characterized. We assessed organizational readiness for implementation of a mobile (tablet-based) EHR, to create a real-time electronic surgical registry, in a busy lower-middle-income country hospital. METHODS: Six semi-structured focus groups were conducted with hospital administrators, faculty surgeons, surgical residents, interns, nurses and medical students in a large urban hospital in Asuncion, Paraguay...
July 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
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