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Creating normative data

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072530/-a-different-economy-of-bodies-and-pleasures-differentiating-and-evaluating-sex-and-sexual-bdsm-experiences
#1
Brandy L Simula
This study examines how BDSM participants understand sexual experiences. Data are drawn from 32 in-depth, semi-structured interviews and discussion board threads from a large BDSM community website. The analysis suggests that many BDSM participants perceive sexual BDSM experiences as not only significantly different from but also better than mainstream or "vanilla" sex. Three primary differentiation mechanisms are identified. First, BDSM participants construct sex as requiring genital contact while framing sexual BDSM as creating sexual fulfillment not requiring normative indicators of sexual experiences (e...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990351/human-capabilities-in-advanced-dementia-nussbaum-s-approach
#2
Catharina Melander, Stefan Sävenstedt, Britt-Marie Wälivaara, Malin Olsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore how Martha Nussbaum's approach to human capabilities can apply to dignity in the lives of people with advanced dementia living in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: Challenges experienced when supporting people with advanced dementia who express problematic behaviours include understanding their needs and ensuring a dignified life for them. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were gathered using an ethnographic approach based on participatory observation...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982788/quantitative-synthetic-mri-in-children-normative-intracranial-tissue-segmentation-values-during-development
#3
A McAllister, J Leach, H West, B Jones, B Zhang, S Serai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Synthetic MR imaging is a new technique to create absolute R1 relaxivity (1/T1), R2 relaxivity (1/T2), and proton-density maps using a single multiple-spin-echo saturation recovery sequence. These relaxivity maps allow rapid automated intracranial segmentation of tissue types. To assess its utility in children, we created a normative data base of intracranial volume and brain parenchymal, GM, WM, CSF, and myelin volumes in a pediatric population with normal brain MRI findings using synthetic MR imaging...
October 5, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916595/normative-data-for-flow-cytometry-immunophenotyping-of-benign-lymph-nodes-sampled-by-surgical-biopsy
#4
Gregory David Scott, Susan K Atwater, Dita A Gratzinger
AIMS: To create clinically relevant normative flow cytometry data for understudied benign lymph nodes and characterise outliers. METHODS: Clinical, histological and flow cytometry data were collected and distributions summarised for 380 benign lymph node excisional biopsies. Outliers for kappa:lambda light chain ratio, CD10:CD19 coexpression, CD5:CD19 coexpression, CD4:CD8 ratios and CD7 loss were summarised for histological pattern, concomitant diseases and follow-up course...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914494/sketching-biological-phenomena-and-mechanisms
#5
Benjamin Sheredos, William Bechtel
In many fields of biology, both the phenomena to be explained and the mechanisms proposed to explain them are commonly presented in diagrams. Our interest is in how scientists construct such diagrams. Researchers begin with evidence, typically developed experimentally and presented in data graphs. To arrive at a robust diagram of the phenomenon or the mechanism, they must integrate a variety of data to construct a single, coherent representation. This process often begins as the researchers create a first sketch, and it continues over an extended period as they revise the sketch until they arrive at a diagram they find acceptable...
September 15, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873135/photoreceptor-based-biomarkers-in-aoslo-retinal-imaging
#6
REVIEW
Katie M Litts, Robert F Cooper, Jacque L Duncan, Joseph Carroll
Improved understanding of the mechanisms underlying inherited retinal degenerations has created the possibility of developing much needed treatments for these relentless, blinding diseases. However, standard clinical indicators of retinal health (such as visual acuity and visual field sensitivity) are insensitive measures of photoreceptor survival. In many retinal degenerations, significant photoreceptor loss must occur before measurable differences in visual function are observed. Thus, there is a recognized need for more sensitive outcome measures to assess therapeutic efficacy as numerous clinical trials are getting underway...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#7
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715847/language-sampling-with-adolescents-building-a-normative-database-with-fables
#8
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar, Jeannene M Ward-Lonergan
Purpose: The goal of the study was to create a language sampling task appropriate for adolescents and to contribute normative data from speakers with typical language development. Method: Thirty adolescents (mean age = 14 years, 1 month) participated in an interview that involved the retelling and interpretation of 4 Greek fables. Each speaker's performance on the task was audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and entered into the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts computer program (Miller & Iglesias, 2015)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679302/an-evidence-based-approach-to-the-creation-of-normative-data-base-rates-of-impaired-scores-within-a-brief-neuropsychological-battery-argue-for-age-corrections-but-against-corrections-for-medical-conditions
#9
Megan E O'Connell, Holly Tuokko, Stacey Voll, Martine Simard, Lauren E Griffith, Vanessa Taler, Christina Wolfson, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina
OBJECTIVE: We detail a new approach to the creation of normative data for neuropsychological tests. The traditional approach to normative data creation is to make demographic adjustments based on observations of correlations between single neuropsychological tests and selected demographic variables. We argue, however, that this does not describe the implications for clinical practice, such as increased likelihood of misclassification of cognitive impairment, nor does it elucidate the impact on decision-making with a neuropsychological battery...
August 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661950/establishing-normative-data-for-pupillometer-assessment-in-neuroscience-intensive-care-the-end-panic-registry
#10
DaiWai M Olson, Sonja E Stutzman, Folefac Atem, Julia D Kincaide, Thuy-Tien Ho, Byron A Carlisle, Venkatesh Aiyagari
BACKGROUND: Trained medical practitioners have been assessing the pupillary light reflex for more than 2 millennia. However, the interrater reliability of the pupillary light reflex remains low. To overcome the drawbacks of a subjective interpretation of pupillary size and reactivity, automated pupillometers are becoming increasingly commonplace, but practitioners do not have adequate data from which to judge whether the numerical values provided by the pupillometer are "within reference limits...
August 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636694/placebo-response-and-practice-effects-in-schizophrenia-cognition-trials
#11
Richard S E Keefe, Vicki G Davis, Philip D Harvey, Alexandra S Atkins, George M Haig, Owen Hagino, Stephen Marder, Dana C Hilt, Daniel Umbricht
Importance: Patients' previous experience with performance-based cognitive tests in clinical trials for cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia can create practice-related improvements. Placebo-controlled trials for cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia are at risk for these practice effects, which can be difficult to distinguish from placebo effects. Objectives: To conduct a systematic evaluation of the magnitude of practice effects on the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) in cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia and to examine which demographic, clinical, and cognitive characteristics were associated with improvement in placebo conditions...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631987/development-of-a-scale-of-executive-functioning-for-the-rbans
#12
Robert J Spencer, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Kathryn A Tolle
The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a cognitive battery that contains scales of several cognitive abilities, but no scale in the instrument is exclusively dedicated to executive functioning. Although the subtests allow for observation of executive-type errors, each error is of fairly low base rate, and healthy and clinical normative data are lacking on the frequency of these types of errors, making their significance difficult to interpret in isolation. The aim of this project was to create an RBANS executive errors scale (RBANS EE) with items comprised of qualitatively dysexecutive errors committed throughout the test...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523437/using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-working-model-that-enhances-psychiatric-nurses-professionalism-the-architecture-of-stability
#13
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
Ward rules in psychiatric care aim to promote safety for both patients and staff. Simultaneously, ward rules are associated with increased patient violence, leading to neither a safe work environment nor a safe caring environment. Although ward rules are routinely used, few studies have explicitly accounted for their impact. To describe the process of a team development project considering ward rule issues, and to develop a working model to empower staff in their daily in-patient psychiatric nursing practices...
November 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500765/developing-bayesian-networks-from-a-dependency-layered-ontology-a-proof-of-concept-in-radiation-oncology
#14
Alan M Kalet, Jason N Doctor, John H Gennari, Mark H Phillips
PURPOSE: Bayesian networks (BNs) are graphical representations of probabilistic knowledge that offer normative reasoning under uncertainty and are well suited for use in medical domains. Traditional knowledge-based network development of BN topology requires that modeling experts establish relevant dependency links between domain concepts by searching and translating published literature, querying domain experts, or applying machine learning algorithms on data. For initial development these methods are time-intensive and this cost hinders the growth of BN applications in medical decision making...
August 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497439/-barcelona-test-for-intellectual-disability-a-new-instrument-for-the-neuropsychological-assessment-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#15
S Esteba-Castillo, J Pena-Casanova, J Garcia-Alba, M A Castellanos, D Torrents-Rodas, E Rodriguez, J Deus-Yela, A Caixas, R Novell-Alsina
INTRODUCTION: Neuropsychological assessment in individuals with intellectual disability is of utmost importance in order to determine the cognitive deficits underlying brain dysfunction and limiting intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. However, no neuropsychological batteries in Spanish language have been created and validated for this population. AIM: To adapt the 'programa integrado de exploracion neuropsicologica-test Barcelona' and to validate the new version, the Barcelona Test for Intellectual Disability (TB-DI)...
May 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453400/what-s-love-got-to-do-with-it-investigating-consumer-commitment-in-health-care
#16
Elyria Kemp, Sonja Martin Poole
Building relationships with patients to create patient-centered care is critical to the success of health care organizations. A core element in relationships is commitment. Commitment may be based on affect and emotions, perceived costs, and even obligation. This research proposes that three types of commitment-affective, continuance, and normative commitment-differentially impact consumer purchase loyalty, attitudinal loyalty, and advocacy for a health care provider. To examine the impact of commitment type on consumer relationships, exploratory data were garnered and surveys were administered...
April 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398997/scale-up-of-early-infant-hiv-diagnosis-and-improving-access-to-pediatric-hiv-care-in-global-plan-countries-past-and-future-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
Shaffiq Essajee, Ravikiran Bhairavabhotla, Martina Penazzato, Karusa Kiragu, Ilesh Jani, Sergio Carmona, Bharat Rewari, Charles Kiyaga, John Nkengasong, Trevor Peter
Investment to scale-up early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV has increased substantially in the last decade. This investment includes physical infrastructure, equipment, human resources, and specimen transportation systems as well as specialized mechanisms to deliver laboratory results to clinics. The Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive, as well as related international initiatives to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and treat children living with HIV have been important drivers of this scale-up by mobilizing resources, creating advocacy, developing normative recommendations, and providing direct technical support to countries through the global community of international stakeholders...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372471/trait-and-ability-emotional-intelligence-in-children-with-adhd
#18
Emma A Climie, Donald H Saklofske, Sarah M Mastoras, Vicki L Schwean
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine trait and ability emotional intelligence (EI) in children with ADHD. METHOD: Forty-one children with ADHD (9-11 years) completed two measures of EI-the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version-short form (EQi:YV-Brief) and the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, Youth Research Version (MSCEIT-YRV). RESULTS: Children with ADHD did not differ on total EI scores from the normative data on either the ability or trait EI measures...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364169/changes-in-brain-microstructure-during-infancy-and-childhood-using-clinical-feasible-adc-maps
#19
Eva Bültmann, Hans Joachim Mußgnug, Antonia Zapf, Hans Hartmann, Thomas Nägele, Heinrich Lanfermann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine age-related changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) during infancy and childhood using routine MRI data. METHODS: A total of 112 investigations of patients aged 0 to 17.2 years showing a normal degree of myelination and no signal abnormalities on conventional MRI were retrospectively selected from our pool of pediatric MRI examinations at 1.5T. ADC maps based on our routinely included axial diffusion weighted sequence were created from the scanner...
May 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344694/addressing-gaps-in-physician-knowledge-regarding-transgender-health-and-healthcare-through-medical-education
#20
Deborah McPhail, Marina Rountree-James, Ian Whetter
BACKGROUND: Transgender people (those people whose sex at birth does not "match" their felt gender identity) are a priority group for healthcare as they experience high rates of discrimination and related illnesses. Despite this, there is a trend of poor healthcare access for trans people due, in large part, to the denial of care on the part of physicians. A small body of literature is beginning to suggest that this denial of care may be due to a lack of physician knowledge as well as, in some cases, to transphobia...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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