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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893697/morbidity-and-mortality-predictivity-of-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-the-postoperative-care-unit
#1
Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hanc, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749567/morbidity-and-mortality-predictivity-of-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-the-postoperative-care-unit
#2
Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hancı, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685613/-malnutrition-in-elderly-trauma-patients-comparison-of-two-assessment-tools
#3
C Ihle, C Bahrs, T Freude, M Bickel, I Spielhaupter, E Wintermeyer, L Stollhof, L Grünwald, P Ziegler, S Pscherer, U Stöckle, A Nussler
Background: The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalised patients is reported to be between 16 and 55 % across disciplines. Within hospital care, screening for malnutrition is required. However, in orthopaedics and trauma surgery, there is still no generally accepted recommendation for the methods for such a data survey. In the present study, the following aspects are to be investigated with the help of two established scores: (1) the prevalence of malnutrition in the patient population of geriatric trauma care, and (2) the correlation between methods of data survey...
September 29, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672318/nutritional-intervention-in-cognitively-impaired-geriatric-trauma-patients-a-feasibility-study
#4
D Eschbach, T Kirchbichler, T Wiesmann, L Oberkircher, C Bliemel, S Ruchholtz, B Buecking
BACKGROUND: Most studies focusing on improving the nutritional status of geriatric trauma patients exclude patients with cognitive impairment. These patients are especially at risk of malnutrition at admission and of worsening during the perioperative fasting period. This study was planned as a feasibility study to identify the difficulties involved in including this high-risk collective of cognitively impaired geriatric trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective intervention study included cognitively impaired geriatric patients (Mini-Mental State Examination <25, age >65 years) with hip-related fractures...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559436/undernutrition-risk-of-malnutrition-and-obesity-in-gastroenterological-patients-a-multicenter-study
#5
Massimiliano Rizzi, Silvia Mazzuoli, Nunzia Regano, Rosa Inguaggiato, Margherita Bianco, Gioacchino Leandro, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Donatella Noè, Nicoletta Orzes, Paolo Pallini, Maria Letizia Petroni, Gianni Testino, Francesco William Guglielmi
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of undernutrition, risk of malnutrition and obesity in the Italian gastroenterological population. METHODS: The Italian Hospital Gastroenterology Association conducted an observational, cross-sectional multicenter study. Weight, weight loss, and body mass index were evaluated. Undernutrition was defined as unintentional weight loss > 10% in the last three-six months. Values of Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) > 2, NRS-2002 > 3, and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) from 17 to 25 identified risk of malnutrition in outpatients, inpatients and elderly patients, respectively...
July 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528452/mini-nutritional-assessment-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-and-nutrition-risk-screening-tool-for-the-nutritional-evaluation-of-older-nursing-home-residents
#6
Lorenzo M Donini, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Alessio Molfino, Aldo Rosano, Andrea Lenzi, Filippo Rossi Fanelli, Maurizio Muscaritoli
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition plays a major role in clinical and functional impairment in older adults. The use of validated, user-friendly and rapid screening tools for malnutrition in the elderly may improve the diagnosis and, possibly, the prognosis. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), considered as a reference tool, MNA short form (MNA-SF), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), and Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS-2002) in elderly institutionalized participants...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513502/-not-available
#7
Juan Carlos Castillo Pineda, Anel Gómez García, Nicolás Velasco, José Ignacio Díaz-Pizarro Graf, Alfredo Matos Adámes, Alberto Miján de la Torre
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The prevalence of hospital malnutrition (HM) is variable, explained by the variability of patients, the nutritional evaluation method used among others. The aim is to determine the frequency of malnutrition in hospitals in Latin America, and estimate its association with mortality and length of hospital stay. METHODS: This is an analytical, observational cohort study that included 7,973 patients of both genders, 18 and older, who provided their consent...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490480/nutrition-screening-tools-and-the-prediction-of-clinical-outcomes-among-chinese-hospitalized-gastrointestinal-disease-patients
#8
Fang Wang, Wei Chen, Kay Stearns Bruening, Sudha Raj, David A Larsen
Nutrition risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) are widely used screening tools but have not been compared in a Chinese population. We conducted secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional study which included 332 hospitalized gastrointestinal disease patients, collected by the Gastrointestinal department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) in 2008. Results of NRS-2002 and SGA screening tools, complications, length of stay (LOS), cost, and death were measured. The agreement between the tools was assessed via Kappa (κ) statistics...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485549/role-of-frailty-and-nutritional-status-in-predicting-complications-following-total-gastrectomy-with-d2-lymphadenectomy-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-a-prospective-study
#9
Fan-Feng Chen, Fei-Yu Zhang, Xuan-You Zhou, Xian Shen, Zhen Yu, Cheng-Le Zhuang
PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the association of frailty and nutritional status with postoperative complications after total gastrectomy (TG) with D2 lymphadenectomy in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Patients undergoing TG with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer between August 2014 and February 2016 were enrolled. Frailty was evaluated by sarcopenia which was diagnosed by a combination of third lumbar vertebra muscle index (L3 MI), handgrip strength, and 6-m usual gait speed...
September 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444474/-not-available
#10
Juan Carlos Castillo Pineda, Anel Gómez García, Nicolás Velasco, José Ignacio Díaz-Pizarro Graf, Alfredo Matos Adámes, Alberto Miján de la Torre
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The prevalence of hospital malnutrition (HM) is variable, explained by the variability of patients, the nutritional evaluation method used among others. The aim is to determine the frequency of malnutrition in hospitals in Latin America, and estimate its association with mortality and length of hospital stay. METHODS: This is an analytical, observational cohort study that included 7,973 patients of both genders, 18 and older, who provided their consent...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391922/impact-of-home-enteral-nutrition-in-malnourished-patients-with-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-a-multicentre-randomised-clinical-trial
#11
Cecilia Gavazzi, Silvia Colatruglio, Filippo Valoriani, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Annarita Sabbatini, Roberto Biffi, Luigi Mariani, Rosalba Miceli
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is frequent in patients with gastrointestinal (GI) cancer. Nutritional status deteriorates throughout anti-cancer treatment, mostly after major surgery, increasing complications, reducing tolerance and worsening the final prognosis. Enteral nutrition is safe and effective in malnourished patients undergoing major GI surgery. Randomised trials aimed at investigating the effects of home enteral nutrition (HEN) in post-surgical patients with GI cancer are lacking...
September 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363211/why-should-the-anesthesiologist-evaluate-nutritional-status
#12
REVIEW
C Dumont, D Lacrosse, Simonet, J L Schils, M de Kock
BACKGROUND: The anesthesiologist's involvement in perioperative medicine has significantly changed. In order to identify patients at risks of perioperative complications, the anesthesiologist has to consider, amongst others, screening and management of undernutrition. For this purpose knowledge of prevalence and risk factors, along with screening tools and guidelines for an adapted nutritional management and outcomes of renutrition are mandatory. The present review intends to provide these tools to the Anesthesiologists...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344478/evaluation-of-conducting-a-screening-assessment-of-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-patients-presentation-of-main-goals-and-objectives-of-the-global-health-project-nutritionday
#13
Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Joanna Ostrowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna
INTRODUCTION: European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) commenced in 2004 a global health project named "NutritionDay" aiming to promote awareness of proper nutritional status of hospitalized patients and to draw attention to the need for early detection of malnutrition among patients. Under the Polish law--pursunat to the regulation of the Minister of Health dated September 15, 2011 (amendment as of 27.12.2013)--a nutritional status of each patient should be assessed at the time of a hospital admission...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343214/management-of-malnutrition-in-geriatric-trauma-patients-results-of-a-nationwide-survey
#14
D Eschbach, T Kirchbichler, L Oberkircher, M Knobe, M Juenemann, S Ruchholtz, B Buecking
PURPOSE: Prevalence of malnutrition in geriatric trauma patients ranges between 30 and 50 % in Germany. Malnutrition is associated with impaired wound healing, a prolonged in-hospital stay, reduced post-traumatic mobility, as well as a higher mortality. Thus, detection and improvement of nutritional status could be a fundamental contribution in optimizing the treatment of these patients. METHODS: We sent a web-based questionnaire to 579 German hospitals with traumatological expertise, seeking information on the institutional care level, number of beds, use of nutritional assessments, and use of defined laboratory parameters for the detection of malnutrition...
June 24, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298113/evaluation-of-the-nutritional-status-of-older-hospitalised-geriatric-patients-a-comparative-analysis-of-a-mini-nutritional-assessment-mna-version-and-the-nutritional-risk-screening-nrs-2002
#15
S Christner, M Ritt, D Volkert, R Wirth, C C Sieber, K-G Gaßmann
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate a short-form (MNA-SF) version of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), in which some of the items were operationalised, based on scores from tools used for a comprehensive geriatric assessment, as a method for analysing the nutritional status of hospitalised geriatric patients. We compared this MNA-SF version with the corresponding MNA long-form (MNA-LF) and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) in terms of completion rate, prevalence and agreement regarding malnutrition and/or the risk of this...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233356/associations-between-body-composition-and-nutritional-assessments-and-biochemical-markers-in-patients-with-chronic-radiation-enteritis-a-case-control-study
#16
Zhongliang Cai, Da Cai, Danhua Yao, Yong Chen, Jian Wang, Yousheng Li
BACKGROUND: Chronic radiation enteritis (CRE) is defined as loss of absorptive capacity after irradiation due to chronic inflammation and damage of intestinal mucosa, which may lead to varying degrees of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential correlation between the nutritional status and systemic inflammation in patients with CRE. METHODS: Medical records of 92 patients with CRE and 184 age- and sex-matched controls in a single center from January 2010 to October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230826/implementation-of-nutrition-risk-screening-using-the-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-across-a-large-metropolitan-health-service
#17
P L Cooper, R Raja, J Golder, A J Stewart, R F Shaikh, M Apostolides, J Savva, J L Sequeira, M A Silvers
BACKGROUND: A standardised nutrition risk screening (NRS) programme with ongoing education is recommended for the successful implementation of NRS. This project aimed to develop and implement a standardised NRS and education process across the adult bed-based services of a large metropolitan health service and to achieve a 75% NRS compliance at 12 months post-implementation. METHODS: A working party of Monash Health (MH) dietitians and a nutrition technician revised an existing NRS medical record form consisting of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and nutrition management guidelines...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222410/nutritional-risk-malnutrition-and-nutritional-support-among-hospitalized-patients-in-orthopedics-spinal-surgery-of-a-hohhot-teaching-hospital
#18
Nannan Wang, Yalin Dong, Ting Huo, Yanqing Shao, Wenhua Xing, Shuwen Li
The evolution of nutritional status (the prevalence of nutritional risk, malnutrition, overweight and obesity) and the nutritional support of the hospitalized patients from admission to discharge or over a two-week period in orthopedics/ spinal surgery of a teaching hospital in Hohhot were investigated. 432 patients from two wards of the orthopedics/spinal surgery from Jan to Dec 2013, the traditional spinal surgery and the minimally invasive spinal surgery, were selected and detected in this study. The Nutritional Risk Score 2002 (NRS 2002) was used to determine the patients' nutritional status within 48 h after admission and during their hospitalization...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222407/nutritional-risk-screening-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rongshao Tan, Jianting Long, Shi Fang, Haiyan Mai, Wei Lu, Yan Liu, Jianrui Wei, Feng Yan
Knowledge concerning nutritional status of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is limited. Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) has been used to evaluate the nutritional aspects of patients according to the recommendation of European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. Here we aim to assess the prevalence and characteristics of nutritional risk in CKD patients by using NRS-2002. NRS-2002 scores of 292 CDK patients were recorded in first 24 hours subsequent to their admission to hospital...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152514/diagnostic-work-up-for-the-detection-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-cancer-patients
#20
Camilla Leithold, Karin Jordan, Franziska Jahn, Timo Behlendorf, Judith Schaffrath, Carsten Müller-Tidow, Jörn Rüssel
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common complication in patients suffering from cancer. It is associated with a poor prognosis, reduced quality of life, increased chemotherapy-induced toxicity, and a decreased response to therapy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the use of various diagnostic tests for the detection of malnutrition in patients hospitalized for cancer treatment. METHODS: In this single-center, non-interventional reliability study, the nutritional status of 50 patients with cancer was assessed using the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS-2002), a bioimpedance analysis (BIA), and the measurement of laboratory parameters that reflect the serum visceral protein level...
April 2016: Journal of Community and Supportive Oncology
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