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Nutrition screening NRS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280654/food-intake-plate-waste-and-its-association-with-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-patients
#1
Kobra Simzari, Davoud Vahabzadeh, Sakineh Nouri Saeidlou, Susan Khoshbin, Yener Bektas
BACKGROUND: Hospital malnutrition is a worldwide dilemma and challenge. High levels of plate waste contribute to malnutrition-related complications in hospital. We investigated the association between the levels of plate waste, food intake and patient satisfaction with nutritional risk and malnutrition prevalence in three hospital settings. METHODS: The sample population of 120 patients, aged 18-65 year, admitted consecutively over a 12 month period to 3 different educational university hospitals was included...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241167/nutritional-screening-and-clinical-outcome-in-hospitalized-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#2
Azusa Takaoka, Masaya Sasaki, Naoko Nakanishi, Mika Kurihara, Akiko Ohi, Shigeki Bamba, Akira Andoh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD) can develop severe nutritional deficits. However, the nutritional screening tools with the most utility for such patients are still unknown. METHODS: Nutritional status of 40 CD patients was assessed on admission using several screening tools and laboratory tests. Their validity was evaluated in relation to length of hospital stay (LOS) and intestinal resection. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to predict prolonged LOS (≥28 days)...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228742/pretreatment-nutritional-risk-scores-and-performance-status-are-prognostic-factors-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-treated-with-definitive-chemoradiotherapy
#3
Tao Song, Qiuyan Wan, Wenke Yu, Jianbo Li, Shaohua Lu, Chen Xie, Hongqing Wang, Min Fang
This study evaluated the prognostic effects of nutritional risk scores and performance status (PS) on unresectable locally advanced esophageal cancer (LAEC) patients who were treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (dCRT). A total of 202 LAEC patients from four different cancer centers were retrospectively reviewed. Nutritional risk and PS were measured using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) scores and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scales. Outcomes were clinical response rate, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS)...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216957/handgrip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-nutritional-status-in-chinese-elderly-inpatients-at-hospital-admission
#4
Xin Sheng Zhang, Ying Hua Liu, Yong Zhang, Qing Xu, Xiao Ming Yu, Xue Yan Yang, Zhao Liu, Hui Zi Li, Feng Li, Chang Yong Xue
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional status and define gender- and age-specific handgrip strength (HGS) cut-point values for malnutrition or nutritional risk in elderly inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1,343 elderly inpatients was conducted in the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS 2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) were administered. Anthropometric measurements and blood biochemical indicators were obtained using standard techniques...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187051/the-new-european-society-for-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-definition-of-malnutrition-application-for-nutrition-assessment-and-prediction-of-morbimortality-in-an-emergency-service
#5
Jaqueline da Silva Fink, Aline Marcadenti, Estela Iraci Rabito, Flávia Moraes Silva
BACKGROUND: Recently, the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) provided novel consensus criteria for malnutrition diagnosis. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of this instrument in combination with different nutrition screening tools (1) to identify malnutrition and (2) to predict morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational prospective study in 750 adults admitted to the emergency service of a tertiary public hospital...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151305/comparison-of-nutritional-risk-screening-tools-for-predictingsarcopenia-in-hospitalized-patients
#6
(no author information available yet)
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to assess the risk of malnutrition in hospitalized patients with three different tests and to compare these tests in terms of long hospitalization periods and sarcopenia. Materials and methods: Hospitalized patients in an internal medicine clinic were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Patients were grouped as under 65 years (Group 1 = G1) and over 65 years old (Group 2 = G2). The nutritional status of the patients was evaluated with the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) 2002, Universal Malnutrition Screening Tool (MUST), Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), and total Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) tests...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057992/nutritional-blood-parameters-and-nutritional-risk-screening-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-deep-pressure-ulcer-a-retrospective-chart-analysis
#7
Cristina Lussi, Angela Frotzler, Andreas Jenny, Dirk J Schaefer, Reto W Kressig, Anke Scheel-Sailer
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To describe (i) the nutritional blood parameters (NBP) and the nutritional risk screening (NRS) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and pressure ulcers (PU) III and IV according to the EPUAP classification, and (ii) the relationship between both NBP and NRS. SETTING: SCI acute care and rehabilitation clinic in Switzerland. METHODS: The NBPs were measured upon the admission of patients treated for PU III and IV between 11/2011 and 12/2014...
October 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045700/prediction-model-of-critical-weight-loss-in-cancer-patients-during-particle-therapy
#8
Zhihong Zhang, Y Zhu, Lijuan Zhang, Ziying Wang, Hongwei Wan
Background and purpose: The objective of this study is to investigate the predictors of critical weight loss in cancer patients receiving particle therapy, and build a prediction model based on its predictive factors. Materials and methods: Patients receiving particle therapy were enroled between June 2015 and June 2016. Body weight was measured at the start and end of particle therapy. Association between critical weight loss (defined as >5%) during particle therapy and patients' demographic, clinical characteristic, pre-therapeutic nutrition risk screening (NRS 2002) and BMI were evaluated by logistic regression and decision tree analysis...
October 17, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019951/chemotherapy-related-toxicity-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-precachectic-oncologic-patients-with-or-without-high-protein-nutritional-support-a-prospective-randomized-study
#9
Monika Ziętarska, Joanna Krawczyk-Lipiec, Leszek Kraj, Renata Zaucha, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Cancer disease is usually associated with impaired nutritional status, which is one of the factors contributing to deterioration of the results of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether nutritional support with high protein (ONS) in adult oncologic patients in the first step of cancer cachexia-asymptomatic precachexia, has an influence on the toxicity of systemic therapy. However, secondary endpoints were established: to determine whether high protein ONS influences the nutritional status, the quality of life, and the performance status...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952790/predictors-of-nutritional-risk-according-to-nrs-2002-and-calf-circumference-in-hospitalized-older-adults-with-neoplasms
#10
Vania Aparecida Leandro-Merhi, José Luis Braga de Aquino, Leonardo Oliveira Reis
OBJECTIVES: To investigate nutritional markers that better predict nutritional risk according to the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS-2002), to verify agreement between indicators, and to identify the calf circumference cut-off point for diagnosing nutritional risk. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with older patients hospitalized for neoplasms. The nutritional risk was assessed by NRS-2002 and the nutritional status by Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA long form), calf circumference (CC), and body mass index (BMI)...
September 27, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948659/clinical-significance-of-nutritional-risk-screening-tool-for-hospitalised-children-with-acute-burn-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Y K Bang, M K Park, Y S Ju, K Y Cho
BACKGROUND: We assessed the nutritional risks among children hospitalised with acute burn injuries and their associated clinical outcomes using three nutritional risk screening (NRS) tools: Screening Tool for Risk of Impaired Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGKIDS ), Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and Screening Tool for the Assessment for Malnutrition in Pediatrics (STAMP). METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to November 2016, in a regional burn centre...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843445/concordance-of-the-new-espen-criteria-with-low-phase-angle-in-defining-early-stages-of-malnutrition-in-cardiac-surgery
#12
Donata Ringaitiene, Dalia Gineityte, Vaidas Vicka, Akvile Sabestinaite, Andrius Klimasauskas, Edita Gaveliene, Kestutis Rucinskas, Justinas Ivaska, Jurate Sipylaite
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of malnutrition (MN) in cardiac surgery patients by implementing the new ESPEN diagnostic criteria and to determine whether these criteria are concordant with the bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) provided phase angle (PA) in predicting early stages of malnutrition. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a tertiary hospital. The nutritional state of the cardiac surgery patients was evaluated one day prior to cardiac surgery using the malnutrition screening tools NRS-2002, MUST and SF-MNA, and bioelectrical impedance analysis...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804864/prescription-and-indication-for-oral-nutritional-supplements-in-a-swiss-university-hospital-a-prospective-survey
#13
Julie Mareschal, Jean Altwegg, Dimitri Berthet, Marinette Chikhi, Pierre Chopard, Séverine Graf, Christian Sierro, Claude Pichard, Laurence Genton
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Patients with an acute or chronically negative nutritional balance are at nutritional risk. Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are simple and effective medical treatments of nutritional risk. In the ambulatory setting, in Switzerland, ONS are reimbursed by public insurance under conditions defined by Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition. The reimbursement requires a medical prescription for ONS and their delivery at the patient's home by a homecare service. The indication for the ONS, defined as a Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) score ≥3, must also be present...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771394/screening-for-malnutrition-among-people-accessing-health-services-at-greek-public-hospitals-results-from-an-observational-multicenter-study
#14
Ioannis Doundoulakis, Kalliopi Anna Poulia, Christina Antza, Emmanouil Bouras, Eirini Kasapidou, Stanislaw Klek, Michael Chourdakis
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with increased hospital stay and subsequently higher healthcare costs. Early detection of malnutrition among people accessing health services at public hospitals is vital to identify and treat malnutrition effectively and in a timewise and cost-effective manner. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutrition risk of this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nutrition screening was performed for 2970 patients (52% male; 55...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717811/effect-on-body-weight-quality-of-life-and-appetite-following-individualized-nutritional-counselling-to-home-living-elderly-after-rehabilitation-an-open-randomized-trial
#15
J Andersson, E Hulander, E Rothenberg, P Iversen
OBJECTIVES: We examined if individually-adapted nutritional counselling could prevent > 5% weight loss among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. In addition we assessed quality of life (QoL) and appetite. DESIGN: An open, randomized trial. SETTING: Godthaab Health and Rehabilitation Institution in Bærum, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Patients identified as being undernourished or at risk of disease-related malnutrition using the Nutritional Risk Screening tool NRS-2002...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699602/importance-of-target-calorie-intake-in-hospitalized-patients
#16
Ferda Akbay Harmandar, Ismail Gömceli, Başak Oğuz Yolcular, Ayhan Hilmi Çekin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and clinical outcome of a nutritional algorithm based on target calorie intake commenced as enteral nutrition (EN) alone or in combination with supplemental parenteral nutrition (SPN) among hospitalized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 301 hospitalized patients who were provided with nutritional support, including EN (n=125) or EN+SPN (n=176), due to various medical conditions during their hospitalization were included in this study conducted at Antalya Training and Research Hospital...
July 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693149/comparison-of-different-methods-for-nutrition-assessment-in-patients-with-tumors
#17
Hongzhen Du, Bingbing Liu, Ying Xie, Jinli Liu, Yujia Wei, Huanyu Hu, Bin Luo, Zengning Li
Nutrition screening to identify patients at risk of malnutrition is vital for cancer patients because of the high prevalence of malnutrition in this population. The aim of the present study was to compare different methods of nutrition assessment in patients with tumors. From June 2013 to June 2014, we conducted an observational multicenter study to compare the assessment of nutritional status in patients with tumors by anthropometry, biochemical indicators, nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002) and patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA)...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659732/pressure-ulcer-is-associated-with-malnutrition-as-assessed-by-nutritional-risk-screening-nrs-2002-in-a-mixed-hospital-population
#18
Johanne Alhaug, Caryl L Gay, Christine Henriksen, Anners Lerdal
Background and aim: Pressure ulcers (PUs) and malnutrition represent a significant health problem for hospital inpatients. Satisfactory nutritional status is crucial for proper wound healing. Risk of malnutrition can be identified using standardized screening tools, such as the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) 2002. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine whether nutritional status based on the NRS 2002 is associated with PU in hospital inpatients. Design: The data for this cross-sectional analysis were based on 10 screening days between September 2012 and May 2014...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658162/a-multidisciplinary-team-approach-for-nutritional-interventions-conducted-by-specialist-nurses-in-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jin-Xiang Lin, Xiang-Wei Chen, Zhan-Hong Chen, Xiu-Yan Huang, Jin-Jie Yang, Yan-Fang Xing, Liang-Hong Yin, Xing Li, Xiang-Yuan Wu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nutritional interventions for malnutrition in cancer patients can be helpful. However, concise intervention recommendations remain controversial. Thus, the aim of this study was to report on a nutrition intervention conducted by a multidisciplinary team of specialist nurses and to explore the effect of nutritional intervention on cancer patients. METHODS: This prospective clinical trial study enrolled 110 colorectal cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647292/risk-factors-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-malnourished-older-hospitalized-patients
#20
Maryam Pourhassan, Ingeborg Cuvelier, Ilse Gehrke, Christian Marburger, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Dorothee Volkert, Hans-Peter Willschrei, Rainer Wirth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition among older hospitalized persons, it is unknown how many of these malnourished patients are at risk of developing the refeeding syndrome (RFS). In this study, we sought to compare the prevalence and severity of malnutrition among older hospitalized patients with prevalence of known risk factors of RFS. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter-study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to the geriatric acute care ward...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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