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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236060/the-use-of-poly-d-l-lactic-acid-pdlla-devices-for-bone-augmentation-techniques-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Marco Annunziata, Livia Nastri, Gennaro Cecoro, Luigi Guida
Poly-d,l-lactic acid (PDLLA) has been proposed in dentistry for regenerative procedures in the form of membranes, screws, and pins. The aim of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of bone augmentation techniques using PDLLA devices. A literature search was carried out by two independent and calibrated reviewers. All interventional and observational studies assessing the efficacy of bone augmentation techniques using PDLLA devices were included. Six studies were included. The relevant variability of design and methods impeded any qualitative or quantitative comparison...
December 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235242/the-effect-of-an-educational-intervention-based-on-clinical-simulation-on-the-diagnosis-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#2
Daniel G Fernández-Ávila, Álvaro J Ruiz, Fabián Gil, Sergio A Mora, Carlos Tobar, Juan M Gutiérrez, Diego Rosselli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational tool for general physicians, based on rheumatological clinical simulation, for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. METHODS: A randomized clinical study was carried out, in which the physician research subjects were assigned to one of two groups: the experimental group (educational intervention for rheumatoid arthritis with clinical simulation) or the control group (educational intervention for the basic aspects of the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis)...
December 13, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234748/early-loading-of-maxillary-titanium-implants-with-a-nanostructured-calcium-incorporated-surface-xpeed-5-year-results-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Giorgio Gastaldi, Maria Gabriella Grusovin, Pietro Felice, Carlo Barausse, Daniela Rita Ippolito, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical safety and effectiveness of a novel calcium-incorporated titanium implant (Xpeed, MegaGen Implant Co. Limited, Gyeongbuk, South Korea). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 60 patients were randomised to receive one to six titanium implants in the maxilla with either calcium-incorporated (Xpeed) or control resorbable blasted media (RBM) surfaces, according to a parallel group design at two centres. Implants were submerged and exposed at three different endpoints in equal groups of 20 patients at 12, 10 and 8 weeks, respectively...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234745/the-influence-of-repeated-abutment-changes-on-peri-implant-tissue-stability-3-year-post-loading-results-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Eriberto Bressan, Maria Gabriella Grusovin, Ferdinando D'Avenia, Konrad Neumann, Luca Sbricoli, Giuseppe Luongo, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of at least three abutment disconnections in conventional loaded implants against placement of a definitive abutment in immediately non-occlusal loaded implants on hard and soft tissue changes. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether the presence of less than 2 mm of keratinised mucosa is associated with increased peri-implant marginal bone loss and soft tissue recessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients requiring one single crown or one fixed partial prosthesis supported by a maximum of three implants were randomised, after implants were placed with more than 35 Ncm, according to a parallel group design to receive definitive abutments that were loaded immediately (definitive abutment or immediate loading group) or transmucosal abutments, which were delayed loaded after 3 months and removed at least three times: 1...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234380/compression-of-the-fourth-ventricle-using-a-craniosacral-osteopathic-technique-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Anna Żurowska, Roksana Malak, Anna Kołcz-Trzęsicka, Włodzimierz Samborski, Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz
Compression of the fourth ventricle (CV4) is a well-known osteopathic procedure, utilized by osteopaths, osteopathic physicians, craniosacral therapists, physical therapists, and manual therapists as part of their healthcare practice based on some evidence suggesting impact on nervous system functions. The main objective of the study was to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the clinical benefits of CV4 and to show the evidence supporting clinical prescriptions, guides, and advice in treating...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234353/enteric-fever-caused-by-salmonella-enterica-serovars-with-reduced-susceptibility-of-fluoroquinolones-at-a-community-based-teaching-hospital-of-nepal
#6
Anjeela Bhetwal, Anjila Maharjan, Puspa Raj Khanal, Narayan Prasad Parajuli
Enteric fever continues to be an important public health problem especially in developing countries of the tropical region including Nepal. In this study, we aimed to investigate the incidence of enteric fever associated with Salmonella enterica and determine its antimicrobial susceptibilities to therapeutic antimicrobials in a community based teaching hospital of Nepal. A total of 2,304 blood samples from suspected enteric fever patients attending Manmohan Memorial Teaching Hospital were processed with standard microbiological methods for the isolation and identification of bacterial pathogens...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233758/l-donovani-xprt-molecular-characterization-and-evaluation-of-inhibitors
#7
Bhumi Patel, Dhaval Patel, Krupali Parmar, Rupal Chauhan, Desh Deepak Singh, Anju Pappachan
Among all PRT enzymes of purine salvage pathway in Leishmania, XPRT (Xanthine phosphoribosyl transferase) is unique in its substrate specificity and their non-existence in human. It is an interesting protein not only for drug designing but also to understand the molecular determinants of its substrate specificity. Analysis of the 3D model of L. donovani XPRT (Ld-XPRT) revealed that Ile 209, Glu 215 and Tyr 208 may be responsible for the altered substrate specificity of Ld-XPRT. Comparisons with it's nearest homologue in humans, revealed significant differences between the two...
December 9, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233436/efficacy-of-formative-evaluation-using-a-focus-group-for-a-large-classroom-setting-in-an-accelerated-pharmacy-program
#8
Shaun Nolette, Alyssa Nguyen, David Kogan, Catherine Oswald, Alana Whittaker, Arup Chakraborty
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formative evaluation is a process utilized to improve communication between students and faculty. This evaluation method allows the ability to address pertinent issues in a timely manner; however, implementation of formative evaluation can be a challenge, especially in a large classroom setting. Using mediated formative evaluation, the purpose of this study is to determine if a student based focus group is a viable option to improve efficacy of communication between an instructor and students as well as time management in a large classroom setting...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232001/novel-sequence-variants-in-the-mkks-gene-cause-bardet-biedl-syndrome-with-intra-and-inter-familial-variable-phenotypes
#9
Asmat Ullah, Maryam Khalid, Muhammad Umair, Sher Alam Khan, Muhammad Bilal, Saadullah Khan, Wasim Ahmad
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a multisystem disorder involving retina, kidney, limbs and nervous system. Additional features associated with BBS include dental anomalies, cardiovascular defects, hearing loss and speech impairment (Beales et al. 199; Ullah and Umair et al. 2017). Diagnosis of BBS is based on the presence of four out of six primary or three primary and two secondary phenotypes.
December 12, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231979/otitis-media-with-effusion-in-the-boxer-a-report-of-seven-cases
#10
S Paterson
The aim of this study was to describe otitis media with effusion in seven boxers. All dogs presented with a range of clinical signs, which included head shaking, neurological dysfunction, pain on opening of the mouth and reduction in hearing ability. Otitis media was confirmed under general anaesthesia in each case by video-otoscopic identification of a bulging pars tensa and subsequent myringotomy, which revealed a tenacious mucus plug within the middle ear. Brainstem auditory evoked response thresholds were elevated in all affected ears...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231544/-acupoint-embedding-for-female-functional-constipation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Lifang Chen, Xiaofei Jin, Xu Jiang, Chao Wang, Yichun Shi, Lingyu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects between acupoint embedding and oral medication for female functional constipation. METHODS: Fifty-six female patients were randomized into an embedding group and a medication group (1:1).There were 22 cases in the embedding group and 26 cases in the medication group with total 8 patients dropped out. The main embedding acupoints were Zhongwan (CV 12), bilateral Tianshu (ST 25) and Guanyuan (CV 4), combined with Xiawan (CV 10), Huaroumen (ST 24), Wailing (ST 26), Zhigou (TE 6) and Shangjuxu (ST 37)...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231342/-the-effect-of-warm-needling-pretreatment-for-endometrial-receptivity-of-frozen-embryo-transfer
#12
Guoqun Luo, Wenwu Su, Wenmin Ma, Yanqiu Situ, Chongju Xie, Meiqiong Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of warming needling pretreatment for endometrial receptivity before frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). METHODS: Fifty-six repeatedly embryo transfer (ET) failure patients with ultrasound showing follicular phase endometrium of C type, hysteroscopy examination presenting endometritis were randomly assigned into an observation group (25 cases) and a control group (31 cases). The patients in the observation group three months before ET were treated with antibiotics in the menstrual period, warming needle (once a day) at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Liangqiu (ST 34), Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Xiajuxu (ST 39) after menstruation until the ovulation stopped, and oral administration of progesterone was applied after ovulation...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231243/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-for-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Ana Luiza C Martimbianco, Maria Regina R Torloni, Brenda Ng Andriolo, Gustavo Jm Porfírio, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome, now generally referred to as patellofemoral pain (PFP), is one of the most common orthopaedic disorders, characterised by pain in the anterior or retropatellar knee region. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been proposed generally as a complementary treatment, associated with other interventions such as exercise, or as a single treatment to increase muscle force, reduce knee pain, and improve function. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for people with patellofemoral pain...
December 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#14
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230359/genetic-differentiation-and-phylogeography-of-mediterranean-north-eastern-atlantic-blue-shark-prionace-glauca-l-1758-using-mitochondrial-dna-panmixia-or-complex-stock-structure
#15
Agostino Leone, Ilenia Urso, Dimitrios Damalas, Jann Martinsohn, Antonella Zanzi, Stefano Mariani, Emilio Sperone, Primo Micarelli, Fulvio Garibaldi, Persefoni Megalofonou, Luca Bargelloni, Rafaella Franch, David Macias, Paulo Prodöhl, Séan Fitzpatrick, Marco Stagioni, Fausto Tinti, Alessia Cariani
Background: The blue shark (Prionace glauca, Linnaeus 1758) is one of the most abundant epipelagic shark inhabiting all the oceans except the poles, including the Mediterranean Sea, but its genetic structure has not been confirmed at basin and interoceanic distances. Past tagging programs in the Atlantic Ocean failed to find evidence of migration of blue sharks between the Mediterranean and the adjacent Atlantic, despite the extreme vagility of the species. Although the high rate of by-catch in the Mediterranean basin, to date no genetic study on Mediterranean blue shark was carried out, which constitutes a significant knowledge gap, considering that this population is classified as "Critically Endangered", unlike its open-ocean counterpart...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229490/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-intensive-care-unit-outbreak-winnowing-of-transmissions-with-molecular-and-genomic-typing
#16
Benjamin J Parcell, Katarina Oravcova, Miguel Pinheiro, Matthew T G Holden, Gabby Phillips, Jane F Turton, Stephen H Gillespie
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa healthcare outbreaks can be time consuming and difficult to investigate. Guidance does not specify which typing technique is most practical to base decisions on. AIM: We explore the usefulness of whole genome sequencing (WGS) in the investigation of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa outbreak describing how it compares with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis. METHODS: Six patient isolates and six environmental samples from an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) positive for P...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229148/are-we-missing-the-near-misses-in-the-or-underreporting-of-safety-incidents-in-pediatric-surgery
#17
Emma C Hamilton, Dean H Pham, Andrew N Minzenmayer, Mary T Austin, Kevin P Lally, KuoJen Tsao, Akemi L Kawaguchi
BACKGROUND: Electronic hospital variance reporting systems used to report near misses and adverse events are plagued by underreporting. The purpose of this study is to prospectively evaluate directly observed variances that occur in our pediatric operating room and to correlate these with the two established variance reporting systems in our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Trained individuals directly observed pediatric perioperative patient care for 6 wk to identify near misses and adverse events...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226234/implementation-of-a-clinical-reasoning-course-in-the-internal-medicine-trimester-of-the-final-year-of-undergraduate-medical-training-and-its-effect-on-students-case-presentation-and-differential-diagnostic-skills
#18
Sigrid Harendza, Ingo Krenz, Andreas Klinge, Ulrike Wendt, Matthias Janneck
Background: Clinical reasoning, comprising the processes of clinical thinking, which form the basis of medical decisions, constitutes a central competence in the clinical routine on which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are based. In medical curricula in Germany, clinical reasoning is currently taught explicitly only to a small extend. Therefore, the aim of this project was to develop and implement a clinical reasoning course in the final year of undergraduate medical training. Project description: A clinical reasoning course with six learning units and 18 learning objectives was developed, which was taught by two to four instructors on the basis of 32 paper cases from the clinical practice of the instructors...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224266/-application-of-liver-three-dimensional-visualization-technologies-in-the-treatment-planning-of-hepatic-malignant-tumor
#19
P P Li, Z H Wang, G Huang, Z P Huang, Y Li, J S Ni, H Liu, C H Fang, W P Zhou
Objective: To discuss the application of three dimentional(3D)visualization technologies in treatment plan of hepatic malignant tumor. Methods: The clinical data of 300 patients with liver malignant tumor who received treatment from January 2016 to January 2017 in the Third Department of Hepatic Surgery of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital was retrospectively analyzed in this study, including 221 male and 79 female patients aged from 7 to 76 years with median age of 54 years. The median height was 168 cm (115-183 cm), the median weight was 65 kg (20-105 kg) and the median tumor volume was 142 ml (23-2 493 ml)...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223782/the-influence-of-precursors-and-treatment-process-on-the-formation-of-iodo-thms-in-canadian-drinking-water
#20
Anca-Maria Tugulea, Rocio Aranda-Rodriguez, Denis Bérubé, Michèle Giddings, France Lemieux, Joan Hnatiw, Luda Dabeka, François Breton
The National Survey of Disinfection By-Products and Selected Emerging Contaminants investigated the formation of various disinfection by-products and contaminants in 65 water treatment systems (WTSs) across Canada. Results for six iodo-trihalomethanes (iodo-THMs) are reported in this paper. The participating water treatment systems included large, medium and small systems using water sources and treatment processes which were representative of Canadian drinking water. Five water samples (source water, treated water and three water samples along the distribution system) were collected from each treatment system, both under winter and summer conditions...
November 27, 2017: Water Research
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