keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pharyngeal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336247/the-role-of-colchicine-in-the-treatment-of-autoinflammatory-diseases
#1
Georgia Liantinioti, Antonios A Argyris, Athanase D Protogerou, Panayiotis Vlachoyiannopoulos
Colchicine has been longstanding and widely used for the treatment of acute gout flares and prevention of gout relapses. Its use has been extended to a series of autoinflammatory diseases, such as familial Mediterranean fever and more recently to periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis, Behcet's disease and idiopathic recurrent acute pericarditis. In this review, we summarize current indications of colchicine use, discuss its pharmacokinetics and mechanism of action and examine its use in the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334709/-molecular-epidemiological-study-of-human-coronavirus-oc43-in-shanghai-from-2009-2016
#2
Y J Yang, Y W Hu
Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of Human coronavirus (HCoV), the patterns of emergence and circulation, and the genotype distribution of human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43) from November, 2009 to April, 2016 in Shanghai. Methods: A total of 6 059 respiratory specimens, including pharyngeal swab, sputum, nasopharyngeal aspirates and alveolar lavage fluid, as well as relative clinical data were collected from patients with acute respiratory infections from seven sentinel hospitals during November, 2009 to April, 2016 in Shanghai...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332707/cutaneous-hemophagocytosis-clinicopathologic-features-of-21-cases
#3
Francesca Boggio, Viviana Lora, Carlo Cota, Amanda Pereira, Robert Müllegger, Lucia Prieto-Torres, Lorenzo Cerroni
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytosis is well known in cytotoxic cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs), in which it may represent a sign of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis syndrome (HLHS), and is also typical of cutaneous Rosai-Dorfman disease (cRDD) (without prognostic relevance). Only rarely, has cutaneous hemophagocytosis (CH) been described in other skin conditions. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinicopathologic features of CH in skin biopsy specimens from patients with conditions other than CTCL or cRDD...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330516/drinking-by-amphibious-fish-convergent-evolution-of-thirst-mechanisms-during-vertebrate-terrestrialization
#4
Yukitoshi Katayama, Tatsuya Sakamoto, Kazuhiro Saito, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Hiroyuki Kaiya, Taro Watanabe, James T Pearson, Yoshio Takei
Thirst aroused in the forebrain by angiotensin II (AngII) or buccal drying motivates terrestrial vertebrates to search for water, whereas aquatic fish can drink surrounding water only by reflex swallowing generated in the hindbrain. Indeed, AngII induces drinking through the hindbrain even after removal of the whole forebrain in aquatic fish. Here we show that AngII induces thirst also in the amphibious mudskipper goby without direct action on the forebrain, but through buccal drying. Intracerebroventricular injection of AngII motivated mudskippers to move into water and drink as with tetrapods...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327943/phenotyping-pharyngeal-pathophysiology-using-polysomnography-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Scott A Sands, Bradley A Edwards, Philip I Terrill, Luigi Taranto-Montemurro, Ali Azarbarzin, Melania Marques, Lauren Hess, David P White, Andrew Wellman
RATIONALE: Therapies for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) could be administered based on a patient's own phenotypic causes ("traits") if a clinically-applicable approach were available. Here we present a novel approach to quantify two key contributors to OSA-pharyngeal collapsibility and compensatory muscle responsiveness-that is applicable to diagnostic polysomnography. METHODS: Based on physiological definitions, pharyngeal collapsibility determines the ventilation at normal (eupneic) ventilatory drive during sleep, and pharyngeal compensation determines the rise in ventilation accompanying a rising ventilatory drive...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327733/orthopaedic-treatment-effects-of-functional-therapy-on-the-sagittal-pharyngeal-dimensions-in-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-class-ii-malocclusion
#6
C Pavoni, E Cretella Lombardo, R Lione, P Bollero, F Ottaviani, P Cozza
The purpose of this cephalometric study was to evaluate the craniofacial changes induced by functional treatment of mandibular advancement with special regard to pharyngeal sagittal airway dimensions, tongue and hyoid bone position in subjects with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and dentoskeletal Class II malocclusions compared with an untreated Class II control group. 51 subjects (24 female, 27 male; mean age 9.9 ± 1.3 years) with Class II malocclusion and SDB consecutively treated with a functional appliance (Modify Monobloc, MM) were compared with a control group of 31 subjects (15 males, 16 females; mean age 10...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327661/evaluations-of-the-tongue-and-hyoid-bone-positions-and-pharyngeal-airway-dimensions-after-maxillary-protraction-treatment
#7
Dong-Min Hwang, Ji-Yeon Lee, Yoon Jeong Choi, Chung-Ju Hwang
Objective To assess changes in the tongue and hyoid bone positions and airway dimensions after maxillary protraction using lateral cephalograms. Methods Lateral cephalograms were obtained before (C0) and after (C1) an observation period for untreated children with skeletal Class I malocclusion and before (T0), immediately after (T1), and one year after (T2) maxillary protraction in children with skeletal Class III malocclusion. Cephalometric measurements were compared between the time points in both patient groups...
January 12, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325033/cancer-risk-in-older-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-the-united-states
#8
Parag Mahale, Eric A Engels, Anna E Coghill, Amy R Kahn, Meredith S Shiels
Background: Cancer risk is increased in people living with HIV (PLWH). Improved survival has led to an aging of PLWH. We evaluated the cancer risk in older PLWH (age ≥50 years). Methods: We included data from the HIV/AIDS Cancer Match Study (1996-2012) and evaluated risk of Kaposi sarcoma (KS), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical, anal, lung, liver, oral cavity/pharyngeal, breast, prostate, and colon cancers in older PLWH compared to the general population by calculating the standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and excess absolute risks (EARs)...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322963/botulinum-toxin-in-meige-s-syndrome-a-video-based-case-series
#9
Sanjay Pandey, Soumya Sharma
CONTEXT: Despite being the most common cause of cranial dystonia, Meige's syndrome remains a rare clinical entity. Characterized by blepharospasm and orofacial dystonia, patients suffering from Meige's syndrome benefit from the injection of botulinum toxin (BTX). AIMS: As the majority of the studies tend to discuss Meige's syndrome with blepharospasm patients, there is a paucity of case-based studies dealing exclusively with this syndrome. Hence, we intended to characterize and define the evolution of this syndrome and objectively determine the response of the patients suffering from this entity to BTX therapy...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322750/use-of-streptococcus-salivarius-k12-to-reduce-the-incidence-pharyngo-tonsillitis-and-acute-otitis-media-in-children-a-retrospective-analysis-in-not-recurrent-pediatric-subjects
#10
Francesco DI Pierro, Paolo Risso, Elena Poggi, Anna Timitilli, Sara Bolloli, Maurizio Bruno, Egidio Caneva, Riccardo Campus, Alessandro Giannattasio
BACKGROUND: Previous trials, performed in subjects affected by recurrent streptococcal pharyngo-tonsillar infection, have shown that the use for 90 days of Streptococcus salivarius K12 (K12), an oral colonizing probiotic producing lantibiotic bacteriocins, reduces the occurrence of streptococcal and viral pharyngitis and acute otitis media (AOM). The aim was to evaluate the role of K12 in reducing the incidence of streptococcal and viral pharyngo-tonsillitis and AOM when administered in two separate trimesters, from October to December and then from April to June, in pediatric subjects with non-recurrent streptococcal infection...
January 11, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321072/tissue-specific-transcriptomes-of-anisakis-simplex-sensu-stricto-and-anisakis-pegreffii-reveal-potential-molecular-mechanisms-involved-in-pathogenicity
#11
Serena Cavallero, Fabrizio Lombardo, Xiaopei Su, Marco Salvemini, Cinzia Cantacessi, Stefano D'Amelio
BACKGROUND: Larval stages of the sibling species of parasitic nematodes Anisakis simplex (sensu stricto) (s.s.) (AS) and Anisakis pegreffii (AP) are responsible for a fish-borne zoonosis, known as anisakiasis, that humans aquire via the ingestion of raw or undercooked infected fish or fish-based products. These two species differ in geographical distribution, genetic background and peculiar traits involved in pathogenicity. However, thus far little is known of key molecules potentially involved in host-parasite interactions...
January 10, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320528/developmental-finite-element-analysis-of-cichlid-pharyngeal-jaws-quantifying-the-generation-of-a-key-innovation
#12
Tim Peterson, Gerd B Müller
Advances in imaging and modeling facilitate the calculation of biomechanical forces in biological specimens. These factors play a significant role during ontogenetic development of cichlid pharyngeal jaws, a key innovation responsible for one of the most prolific species diversifications in recent times. MicroCT imaging of radiopaque-stained vertebrate embryos were used to accurately capture the spatial relationships of the pharyngeal jaw apparatus in two cichlid species (Haplochromis elegans and Amatitlania nigrofasciata) for the purpose of creating a time series of developmental stages using finite element models, which can be used to assess the effects of biomechanical forces present in a system at multiple points of its ontogeny...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319521/polish-physicians-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescription-and-antimicrobial-resistance
#13
Beata Mazińska, Waleria Hryniewicz
Antimicrobial resistance has been one of the biggest global current issues in medicine and public health. Overuse and imprudent use of antimicrobial agents are recognized as one of the leading causes of antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study was to analyze the attitudes of Polish physicians practicing at the community level towards antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance. The majority of physicians taking part in the survey believed that Polish people overuse antibiotics (98%). Most physicians (91%) considered that antimicrobial resistance is a major problem at present...
September 27, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315642/human-respiratory-syncytial-virus-load-normalized-by-cell-quantification-as-predictor-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infection
#14
Miriam Gómez-Novo, José A Boga, Marta E Álvarez-Argüelles, Susana Rojo-Alba, Ana Fernández, María J Menéndez, María de Oña, Santiago Melón
OBJECTIVES: Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is a common cause of respiratory infections. The main objective is to analyze the prediction ability of viral load of HRSV normalized by cell number in respiratory symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive and analytical study was performed. From 7307 respiratory samples processed between December 2014 to April 2016, 1019 HRSV-positive samples, were included in this study. Low respiratory tract infection was present in 729 patients (71...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310503/decision-making-for-position-dependent-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-on-the-basis-of-patient-information-and-physical-examinations-of-the-upper-airway-acquired-on-an-outpatient-basis
#15
Minoru Endo, Takahito Kondo, Rie Shimada, Kiyoaki Tsukahara
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m2 and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are highly suspicious for position-dependent OSAS. Diagnosis of position-dependent/position-independent OSAS can be difficult in patients satisfying both 'BMI >25 kg/m2' and 'any of tongue enlargement (TE), palatine tonsil hypertrophy (PTH) and obstruction by Muller's maneuver (OMM)'. Polysomnography is warranted in such patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to retrospectively elucidate criteria for differentiating position-dependent OSAS on the basis of patient information and physical examinations of the upper airway obtainable in clinics...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307652/gastro-pharyngeal-reflux-and-total-laryngectomy-increasing-knowledge-about-its-management
#16
Giuditta Mannelli, Roberto Santoro, Francesco Segala, Elisabetta Surrenti, Oreste Gallo
PURPOSE: Investigate the incidence, the degree and the effect of gastro-pharyngeal reflux (GPR) in laryngectomised patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Behavioral and 24-hour pH- and impedance-monitoring data were prospectively analyzed for 25 laryngectomised patients with no previous history of GER in outpateints' setting. Reflux detected was characterized as either acid, weakly acidic or nonacid. Proximal reflux was found at 15cm above the LES. RESULTS: 40% of patients presented a pathological number of reflux episodes in the upright position (p<0...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306334/non-rheumatic-streptococcal-myocarditis-mimicking-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-an-adolescent-male
#17
Caitlin E O'Brien, John D Coulson, Priya Sekar, Jon R Resar, Kristen Nelson McMillan
An adolescent male with a recent history of streptococcal pharyngitis presented with severe substernal chest pain, troponin leak, and ST-segment elevation, which are suggestive of acute inferolateral myocardial infarction. The coronary angiogram was normal. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with non-rheumatic streptococcal myocarditis. He was treated with amoxicillin and had excellent recovery. Non-rheumatic streptococcal myocarditis is an important mimic of acute myocardial infarction in young adults.
January 8, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305544/evaluation-of-simplexa%C3%A2-group-a-strep-direct-kit-compared-to-hologic%C3%A2-group-a-streptococcal-direct-assay-for-detection-of-group-a-streptococcus-gas-in-throat-swabs
#18
Deirdre L Church, Tracie Lloyd, Oscar Larios, Daniel B Gregson
Diagnosis of bacterial pharyngitis is confirmed by detection of Group A Streptococcus (GAS) in patient throat samples. Testing of throat samples has historically relied on culture but new molecular methods allow much faster test turnaround time (i.e., same day vs. 48-72h for culture). Our laboratory uses the Hologic® GAS Direct (GASD) assay for screening more than 125,000 throat samples per annum. Simplexa™ GAS Direct is a new real-time PCR (qPCR) assay that does not require initial DNA extraction. Performance of Simplexa qPCR was compared to GASD...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305539/comparison-of-the-alere-i-and-bd-veritor-in-the-detection-of-group-a-streptococcus-and-the-hypothetical-impact-of-results-on-antibiotic-utilization
#19
Gregory J Berry, Catherine R Miller, Mariana Moreno Prats, Christopher Marquez, Olajumoke O Oladipo, Michael J Loeffelholz, John R Petersen
Rapid detection of Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is an integral component of treatment decisions in the clinic, especially in the pediatric population. We prospectively collected 216 specimens from symptomatic, predominantly pediatric patients and evaluated the performance of the Alere™ i Strep A test (Alere i) (Alere Inc., Scarborough, ME) and the BD Veritor™ System (BD Veritor) (Becton, Dickinson and Company, Sparks, MD), with culture results as a comparator. Real time (RT)-PCR was performed as an arbiter in discordant cases...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304069/naso-and-oropharyngeal-bacterial-carriage-in-nursing-home-residents-impact-of-multimorbidity-and-functional-impairment
#20
Anja Kwetkat, Wolfgang Pfister, Diana Pansow, Mathias W Pletz, Cornel C Sieber, Heike Hoyer
OBJECTIVE: From April 2013 to February 2014 we performed a multicentre prospective cross-sectional study in 541 German nursing home residents. We determined pharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae (primary objective) and other bacteria (secondary objective) in naso- and oropharyngeal swabs by culture-based standard procedures and explored the influence of multimorbidity and functional status on bacterial carriage. METHODS: Socio-demographic data, vaccination status, multimorbidity, nutrition and functional status defined by Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment were evaluated...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
27656
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"