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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642521/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-to-sports-drinks-of-adolescents-living-in-south-wales-uk
#1
R M Fairchild, D Broughton, M Z Morgan
Background The UK sports drinks market has a turnover in excess of £200 million. Adolescents consume 15.6% of total energy as free sugars, much higher than the recommended 5%. Sugar sweetened beverages, including sports drinks, account for 30% of total free sugar intake for those aged 11-18 years.Objective To investigate children's knowledge and attitudes surrounding sports drinks.Method One hundred and eighty-three self-complete questionnaires were distributed to four schools in South Wales. Children aged 12-14 were recruited to take part...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642078/experimental-tests-on-commercial-sweet-product-residue-spr-as-a-suitable-feed-for-anaerobic-bioenergy-h2-ch4-production
#2
Andrea C Luongo Malavè, Debora Fino, Carlos E Gómez Camacho, Bernardo Ruggeri
Food stores can find themselves in the position of having to dispose of different types of products, such as snacks, confectionery, prepackaged food, drinks and others, Sweet Product Residue (SPR), which presents a great opportunity to produce energy through Anaerobic Digestion (AD), due to its high sugar, carbohidrate and fat contents. In order to valorise SPR, this paper takes into consideration the all necessary treatments; owing the fact that the refuses are constitute by an organic part and packaging (plastic, paper and their combinations), a pretreatment able to remove the latter is necessary...
June 19, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639687/risk-indicators-of-early-childhood-caries-ecc-in-children-with-high-treatment-needs
#3
Iris Kraljevic, Cornelia Filippi, Andreas Filippi
Early childhood caries (ECC) represents a major health and economic problem worldwide. Its consequences such as early pain experience may affect the immediate and long-term quality of life of the child. In very young and uncooperative children the therapy of ECC is often viable only under general anesthesia. After treatment these affected children have a higher risk for future caries either soon thereafter, or later in life. The aim of the present study was to determine risk indicators and their correlation among children with high caries prevalence and high treatment needs, in order to facilitate the development of targeted prophylaxis programs that would reduce future occurrences of ECC or at least positively influence the outcome...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621808/primary-care-interventions-to-reduce-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-food-for-thought-for-oral-health-professionals
#4
Diane Dooley, Nicolette M Moultrie, Elsbeth Sites, Patricia B Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity remains a significant threat to America's children. Health care leaders have increasingly called upon oral health professionals to integrate healthy weight promotion and enhanced sugar-sweetened beverage counseling into their professional practices. The aim of this scoping review is to examine recent evidence regarding the effectiveness of primary care childhood obesity interventions that have potential for adoption by oral health professionals. METHODS: Medine, and PubMed were searched from 2010 to 2016 for review articles and studies reporting patient outcomes or policy outcomes relevant to primary care childhood obesity interventions for children ages 2-11 years...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621650/socio-economic-status-and-fruit-juice-consumption-in-canada
#5
Matthew Shupler, Kim D Raine
OBJECTIVES: The role of socio-economic status (SES) in fruit juice and fruit drink consumption is not well understood in a Canadian context. This study examines the relationship between SES and Canadian fruit juice and fruit drink consumption. METHODS: The Canadian Community Health Survey (2011-2012), a cross-sectional survey that employs multistage cluster sampling, provided relevant data for a sample of 103 125 Canadians, aged 12 and older, living in the 10 provinces...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619031/healthy-people-and-healthy-profits-elaborating-a-conceptual-framework-for-governing-the-commercial-determinants-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-identifying-options-for-reducing-risk-exposure
#6
REVIEW
Kent Buse, Sonja Tanaka, Sarah Hawkes
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent a significant threat to human health and well-being, and carry significant implications for economic development and health care and other costs for governments and business, families and individuals. Risks for many of the major NCDs are associated with the production, marketing and consumption of commercially produced food and drink, particularly those containing sugar, salt and transfats (in ultra-processed products), alcohol and tobacco...
June 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601105/adolescent-energy-drink-use-related-to-intake-of-fried-and-high-sugar-foods
#7
Ronald D Williams, Mary Odum, Jeff M Housman
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between energy drinks, fried food, and high-sugar food consumption. METHODS: Secondary analyses including Mann-Whitney U, Cohen's d and effect sizes were used to examine 7-day intakes of energy drinks, fried foods, and high-sugar foods among teenagers (N = 1570) who participated in the 2014 FLASHE Study. RESULTS: Energy drink consumption during the past 7 days was reported by 14.4% (N = 226) of participants...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598045/soft-drinks-consumption-and-the-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Zeba Siddiqi, Ritu Karoli, Jalees Fatima, Sachin Khanduri, Shishir Varshneya, Sara Sabina Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: The increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been implicated in the increased incidence of obesity and metabolic syndrome Little of the research on sugar-sweetened beverage intake has examined the consumption patterns of sugared beverages by college students, despite the vulnerabilities of this population to weight gain. The current study sought to characterize sugar-sweetened beverage intake of undergraduate students who belong to high socio-economic strata and to study its correlation with presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588159/ramadan-perspective-epidemiology-and-education-in-diabetes-rapeed-study
#9
N I Siddiqui, M Kamrul-Hasan, M A Hossain, P K Chanda, M A Bakar, M Rahman, M A Kader
Ramadan fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam and is obligatory for all healthy adult and adolescent Muslims. A significant number of patients with diabetes observe fasting during Ramadan. The objectives of this Ramadan Perspective Epidemiology and Education in Diabetes (RAPEED) study were to find out the current knowledge, attitude, and practices about Ramadan fasting among people with diabetes in Bangladesh. This retrospective cross-sectional study recruited 648 subjects with diabetes mellitus attending the Endocrinology outpatient department of a tertiary level hospital of Bangladesh within two months of the end of Ramadan in 2016...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588104/a-content-analysis-of-outdoor-non-alcoholic-beverage-advertisements-in-ghana
#10
Marie A Bragg, Tamara Hardoby, Natasha G Pandit, Yemi R Raji, Gbenga Ogedegbe
OBJECTIVES: This was a two-part descriptive study designed to (1) assess the marketing themes and sugar content of beverages promoted in outdoor advertisements (ads) within a portion of Accra, Ghana and (2) quantify the types of ads that appeared along the Accra-Cape Coast Highway. SETTING: A 4.7 km(2) area of Accra, Ghana and a 151 km region along the highway represented the target areas for collecting photos of outdoor beverage ads. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Number and types of beverage ads, sugar content of beverage products featured in ads and marketing themes used in ads...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579502/sugary-beverage-taxation-in-south-africa-household-expenditure-demand-system-elasticities-and-policy-implications
#11
Nicholas Stacey, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
South Africa faces a severe and growing obesity epidemic. Obesity and its co-morbidities raise public and private expenditures on healthcare. Sugary beverages are heavily consumed in South Africa and are linked to the onset of overweight and obesity. Excise taxation of sugary beverages has been proposed and adopted in other settings as a means to reduce harms from their consumption. A tax on the sugar content of non-alcoholic beverages has been proposed for implementation in South Africa, however, the public health effects and revenue raising potential of this measure hinges on estimates of the targeted beverages own- and cross-price elasticities...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578736/perception-v-actual-intakes-of-junk-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-australian-young-adults-assessed-using-the-mobile-food-record
#12
Amelia J Harray, Carol J Boushey, Christina M Pollard, Chloe E Panizza, Edward J Delp, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Deborah A Kerr
OBJECTIVE: To determine perception v. actual intakes of energy-dense nutrient-poor 'junk food' (JF) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) in young adults, using the mobile food record (mFR). DESIGN: Before-and-after eating images using a 4 d mFR were assessed for standardised 600 kJ (143 kcal) servings of JF and SSB (excluding diet drinks). Participants reported their concern about the health aspects of their diet, perceptions and intentions regarding JF and SSB. SETTING: Perth, Western Australia...
June 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576377/microbiological-biochemical-and-functional-aspects-of-sugary-kefir-fermentation-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Fernanda Assumpção Fiorda, Gilberto Vinicius de Melo Pereira, Vanete Thomaz-Soccol, Sudip Kumar Rakshit, Maria Giovana Binder Pagnoncelli, Luciana Porto de Souza Vandenberghe, Carlos Ricardo Soccol
Sugary kefir beverage is produce by fermenting raw sugar solution with kefir grains, the latter consisting of polysaccharide and microorganisms. This beverage, with great consumption in countries such as USA, Japan, France, and Brazil, represents a promising market to functional cultured drinks. This paper reviews the microbial diversity and interaction, kinetics, safety, and bioactivities of sugary kefir fermentation. The literature reviewed here demonstrates that sugary kefir possesses a similar microbial association relative to traditional milk kefir fermentation, especially among lactic acid bacteria and yeast species, such as Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Kluyveromyces, Pichia, and Saccharomyces...
September 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566811/the-effect-of-combined-supplementation-of-carbohydrates-and-creatine-on-anaerobic-performance
#14
A S Theodorou, G Paradisis, E Smpokos, A Chatzinikolaou, I Fatouros, Rfgj King, C B Cooke
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of creatine (Cr) supplementation on anaerobic performance when ingesting creatine and carbohydrates (CHO) together. Twenty male physical education students comprised the two experimental (CR and CRCHO) and one control (CON) groups of the study. All groups performed three 30 s anaerobic Wingate tests (AWTs) interspersed with 6 minutes of recovery. The CR group (n = 7) ingested 5 g of Cr 5 times per day for 4 days. Subjects in the CRCHO group (n = 6) ingested the same quantity but additionally after each 5 g dose of Cr consumed 500 ml of a commercially available energy drink containing 100 g of simple sugars...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566125/weight-changes-in-general-practice
#15
Rasmus Køster-Rasmussen
This PhD thesis is about weight changes. What determines long-term weight changes in the adult general population? Is it possible that weight loss may not always be healthy? The present clinical guidelines for general practice advice most overweight persons and patients with type 2 diabetes to lose weight. Are the guidelines based on firm evidence?   METHODS: The back-bone of the thesis is constituted by three scientific articles based on three different population based cohort studies. Multivariable modeling and other epidemiological methods were used...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566072/the-sugar-content-of-soft-drinks-in-australia-europe-and-the-united-states
#16
Pia Varsamis, Robyn N Larsen, David W Dunstan, Garry Lr Jennings, Neville Owen, Bronwyn A Kingwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539674/nutrition-label-experience-and-consumption-of-transitional-foods-among-a-nationwide-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#17
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Martyn Kirk, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to assess the usefulness of nutrition labels in Thailand during nutrition transition from traditional to modern diets that increase salt, sugar, and calorie intake and to note socio-demographic interactions and associations with consumption of transitional processed foods. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors studied 42,750 distance learning Open University adults aged 23-96 years in 2013 residing nationwide and participating in an ongoing community-based prospective cohort study...
2017: Br Food J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538925/diet-and-body-fat-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#18
Bruna Celestino Schneider, Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Silvana Paiva Orlandi, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção
Adipose tissue is a vital component of the human body, but in excess, it represents a risk to health. According to the World Health Organization, one of the main factors determining excessive body adiposity is the dietary habit. This systematic review investigated longitudinal studies that assessed the association between diet and body fat in adolescents and young adults. Twenty-one relevant papers published between 2001 and 2015 were selected. The most used method for estimating body fat was the body mass index (15 studies)...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535825/the-effect-of-increased-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-on-selected-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intakes-in-four-randomised-controlled-trials
#19
Sharon L Fulton, Michelle C McKinley, Charlotte E Neville, Francina R Baldrick, Ciara Mulligan, Damian O McCall, David R McCance, J D Edgar, J S Elborn, Ian S Young, Chris C Patterson, Jayne V Woodside
Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is associated with reduced risk of a number of non-communicable diseases. Research tends to focus on antioxidants, flavonoids and polyphenols contained in FV as the main beneficial components to health; however, increasing FV may also alter overall diet profile. Extra FV may be substituted for foods thought to be less healthy, therefore altering the overall macronutrient and/or micronutrient content in the diet. This analysis merged dietary data from four intervention studies in participants with varying health conditions and examined the effect of increased FV consumption on diet profile...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526393/energy-drink-consumption-and-marketing-in-south-africa
#20
Nicholas Stacey, Corné van Walbeek, Mashekwa Maboshe, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Energy drinks are a fast-growing class of beverage containing high levels of caffeine and sugar. Advertising and marketing have been key to their growth in South Africa. This paper documents trends in energy drink consumption and energy drink advertising, and examines the relationship between exposure to energy drink advertising and consumption. Logistic regressions were estimated of categories of energy drink consumption on individual characteristics, as well as exposure to energy drink advertising. Exposure to advertising is measured by reported viewing of channels high in energy drink advertising...
May 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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