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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235560/effect-of-high-milk-and-sugar-sweetened-and-non-caloric-soft-drink-intake-on-insulin-sensitivity-after-6-months-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Sara Engel, Tine Tholstrup, Jens M Bruun, Arne Astrup, Bjørn Richelsen, Anne Raben
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Milk contributes with saturated fat, but randomized controlled trials (RCT) on the effects of dairy on the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) where dairy is given as whole foods are scarce. The objective of our study was to investigate the long-term effects of semi-skimmed milk on insulin sensitivity and further to compare milk with sugar-sweetened soft drinks (SSSD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A secondary analysis of a 6-month RCT with 60 overweight and obese subjects randomly assigned to 1 L/d of either milk (1...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234288/lipocalin-2-in-fructose-induced-fatty-liver-disease
#2
Jessica Lambertz, Thorsten Berger, Tak W Mak, Josef van Helden, Ralf Weiskirchen
The intake of excess dietary fructose most often leads to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Fructose is metabolized mainly in the liver and its chronic consumption results in lipogenic gene expression in this organ. However, precisely how fructose is involved in NAFLD progression is still not fully understood, limiting therapy. Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) is a small secreted transport protein that binds to fatty acids, phospholipids, steroids, retinol, and pheromones. LCN2 regulates lipid and energy metabolism in obesity and is upregulated in response to insulin...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234081/high-flux-water-purification-using-aluminium-hydroxide-hydrate-gels
#3
Ali Malekizadeh, Peer M Schenk
Filtration of aqueous liquids has wide implications, for example for provision of clean drinking water. Nevertheless, many people still lack access to safe water and suffer from preventable water-borne microbial diseases. This study reports a new ultrafiltration-range separation technology using a gelatinous layer of aluminium hydroxide polyhydrate as a secondary membrane on a retaining fabric that enables simple and cost-effective production of filtered water. Properties include at least 4-fold higher flux rates than currently available membranes, pressure-resistance, impenetrability to filtered particles, easy cleaning by backwashing and simple, cost-effective replacement by gel injection...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233502/is-there-an-association-between-artificial-sweetener-consumption-and-in-vitro-reproduction-outcomes
#4
Amanda Souza Setti, Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira Braga, Gabriela Halpern, Rita de Cássia S Figueira, Assumpto Iaconelli, Edson Borges
Previous studies have suggested an association between high intake of sweetened beverages and a number of adverse health outcomes. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the association between daily consumption of sweetened soft drinks or coffee and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Patients (n = 524) were interviewed by a nutritionist before ICSI treatment, using a food frequency questionnaire. Regression analysis showed that consumption of ≥3 servings of regular soft drinks or any amount of diet soft drinks was associated with oocyte dysmorphism, diminished embryo quality on days 2 and 3 of culture, and a mild effect on blastocyst formation, implantation and pregnancy rate...
November 28, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233230/priority-actions-for-addressing-the-obesity-epidemic-in-england
#5
Fiona Watson, Anna Taylor, Mike Rayner, Tim Lobstein, Robin Hinks
OBJECTIVE: To prioritise policy actions for government to improve the food environment and contribute to reduced obesity and related diseases. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study applying the Food Environment Policy Index (Food EPI) in two stages. First, the evidence on all relevant policies was compiled, through an Internet search of government documents, and reviewed for accuracy and completeness by government officials. Second, independent experts were brought together to identify critical gaps and prioritise actions to fill those gaps, through a two-stage rating process...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232928/beverage-consumption-patterns-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women
#6
Terryl J Hartman, Regine Haardörfer, Brenda M Greene, Shruti Parulekar, Michelle C Kegler
The goal of this research was to assess patterns of beverage consumption and the contribution of total beverages and classes of beverages to overall energy intake and weight status. We conducted an analysis in a community-based study of 280 low-income overweight and obese African American women residing in the rural South. Participants provided baseline data including demographic characteristics, weight and two 24-h food and beverage dietary recalls. Mean energy intake from beverages was approximately 273 ± 192 kcal/day or 18...
December 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228946/a-school-based-intervention-improved-dietary-intake-outcomes-and-reduced-waist-circumference-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Lieven Huybregts, Susana Andrade, John Van Camp, Silvana Donoso, Patricia Liliana Ramírez, Carl Lachat, Lea Maes, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: In Ecuador, adolescents' food intake does not comply with guidelines for a healthy diet. Together with abdominal obesity adolescent's inadequate diets are risk factors for non-communicable diseases. We report the effectiveness of a school-based intervention on the dietary intake and waist circumference among Ecuadorian adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster randomized controlled trial including 1430 adolescents (12-14 years old) was conducted...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222886/salivary-cariogenic-bacteria-counts-are-associated-with-obesity-in-student-women-at-a-malaysian-university
#8
Wey-Zheng Yeo, Sheng-Pei Lim, Yee-How Say
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The counts of cariogenic bacteria lactobacilli and mutans streptococci have been studied and correlated with sugar intake. This study was to investigate the association between salivary lactobacilli and mutans streptococci counts with sweet food eating behavior and sweet sensitivity among 120 Malaysian women (101 ethnic Chinese, 19 ethnic Indians), while taking into account anthropometric and menstruation variables. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, anthropometric measurements and menstrual history were taken...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222880/consumption-and-sources-of-added-sugar-in-indonesia-a-review
#9
Atmarita, Nelis Imanningsih, Abas B Jahari, Ir Dewi Permaesih, Pauline Chan, Maria Sofia Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present report summarized the best available evidence regarding consumption level and sources of free or added sugars in Indonesia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Information was extracted from food balance sheets, household expenditure surveys, nutrition surveys, published studies, unpublished theses/ dissertations, and government reports. RESULTS: A total of 18 references were obtained, showing varying results. Indonesia's national surveys suggested intakes of sugar below 50 grams per day or below 10% of energy intake...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210609/dietary-intakes-of-six-intense-sweeteners-by-irish-adults
#10
Maria Buffini, Séverine Goscinny, Ir Joris Van Loco, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Michael J Gibney, Breige A McNulty
This research investigated the intakes of six intense sweeteners; acesulfame-K (E950), aspartame (E951), cyclamate (E952), saccharin (E954), sucralose (E955) and steviol glycosides (E960) in the diets of Irish adults, using data from the National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS). A food label survey which included products currently available on the Irish market supplemented the analysis. Sweetener intakes were investigated using three different exposure scenarios; beginning with a crude assessment which assumed that all foods permitted to contain the additives of interest always did contain them, and at their maximum permitted level (Tier 1)...
December 6, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208064/sleep-indices-and-eating-behaviours-in-young-adults-findings-from-project-eat
#11
Rachel P Ogilvie, Pamela L Lutsey, Rachel Widome, Melissa N Laska, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To test the associations between sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults, a group vulnerable to suboptimal sleep. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of survey measures of sleep (i.e. time in bed, variability, timing and quality) and dietary patterns (i.e. breakfast skipping, eating at fast-food restaurants, consumption of sports and energy drinks, and sugar-free, sugar-sweetened and caffeinated beverages). SETTING: Minneapolis/St...
December 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207741/prevalence-of-chronic-morbidity-and-sociodemographic-profile-of-police-personnel-a-study-from-gujarat
#12
Kishankumar Maheshkumar Bhatia, Niraj Pandit
Introduction: The police personnel are special group of population that work for minimum 12 hours a day. They are at risk of various types of chronic morbidities. Aim: To determine the sociodemographic, chronic morbidity and health profile of police personnel of Vadodara district. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted on the police force of Vadodara district, Gujarat, India. The present study was the outcome of health checkup camp for police personnel...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203875/the-individual-environment-not-the-family-is-the-most-important-influence-on-preferences-for-common-non-alcoholic-beverages-in-adolescence
#13
Andrea D Smith, Alison Fildes, Suzanna Forwood, Lucy Cooke, Clare Llewellyn
Beverage preferences are an important driver of consumption, and strong liking for beverages high in energy (e.g. sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) and dislike for beverages low in energy (e.g. non-nutritive sweetened beverages [NNSBs]) are potentially modifiable risk factors contributing to variation in intake. Twin studies have established that both genes and environment play important roles in shaping food preferences; but the aetiology of variation in non-alcoholic beverage preferences is unknown. 2865 adolescent twins (18-19-years old) from the Twins Early Development Study were used to quantify genetic and environmental influence on variation in liking for seven non-alcoholic beverages: SSBs; NNSBs; fruit cordials, orange juice, milk, coffee, and tea...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194425/contribution-of-discretionary-foods-and-drinks-to-australian-children-s-intake-of-energy-saturated-fat-added-sugars-and-salt
#14
Brittany J Johnson, Lucinda K Bell, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Anna M Rangan, Rebecca K Golley
Interventions are required to reduce children's consumption of discretionary foods and drinks. To intervene we need to identify appropriate discretionary choice targets. This study aimed to determine the main discretionary choice contributors to energy and key nutrient intakes in children aged 2-18 years. Secondary analyses were performed with population weighted, single 24 h dietary recall data from the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Cakes, muffins, and slices; sweet biscuits; potato crisps and similar snacks; and, processed meats and sugar-sweetened drinks were relatively commonly consumed and were within the top three to five contributors to per capita energy, saturated fat, sodium, and/or added sugars...
December 1, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190753/children-and-young-people-s-perceptions-of-energy-drinks-a-qualitative-study
#15
Shelina Visram, Stephen J Crossley, Mandy Cheetham, Amelia Lake
BACKGROUND: Consumption of soft drinks is declining in many countries, yet energy drink sales continue to increase, particularly amongst young consumers. Little is currently known about the drivers behind these trends. Energy drinks are high in sugar and caffeine, and evidence indicates that regular or heavy use by under 18s is likely to be detrimental to health. This study aimed to explore children and young people's attitudes and perceptions in relation to energy drinks in a UK context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186927/estimating-free-and-added-sugar-intakes-in-new-zealand
#16
Rachael Kibblewhite, Alice Nettleton, Rachael McLean, Jillian Haszard, Elizabeth Fleming, Devonia Kruimer, Lisa Te Morenga
The reduction of free or added sugar intake (sugars added to food and drinks as a sweetener) is almost universally recommended to reduce the risk of obesity-related diseases and dental caries. The World Health Organisation recommends intakes of free sugars of less than 10% of energy intake. However, estimating and monitoring intakes at the population level is challenging because free sugars cannot be analytically distinguished from naturally occurring sugars and most national food composition databases do not include data on free or added sugars...
November 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181456/a-review-of-excessive-sugar-metabolism-on-oral-and-general-health
#17
Kai Foo Chow
Stomatologists and dental practitioners, as they are called in different parts of the world according to tradition and history, are basically physicians who specialise in the study and treatment of diseases of the mouth and surrounding structures. They have always been outstanding in advocating the reduction of sugar consumption, mainly due to its direct connection to the pathogenesis of dental caries. Increasingly, it has come to the attention of researchers, epidemiologists and many healthcare workers and professionals that excessive consumption of sugar is also closely tied to the increase in tandem of our current major health issues like obesity, diabetes, heart, liver and kidney disease, and a host of other associated ailments...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176950/cardiovascular-and-cutaneous-responses-to-the-combination-of-alcohol-and-soft-drinks-the-way-to-orthostatic-intolerance
#18
Claire Maufrais, Nathalie Charriere, Jean-Pierre Montani
Aim: Acute ingestion of alcohol is often accompanied by cardiovascular dysregulation, malaise and even syncope. The full hemodynamic and cutaneous responses to the combination of alcohol and sugar (i.e., alcopops), a common combination in young people, and the mechanisms for the propensity to orthostatic intolerance are not well established. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular and cutaneous responses to alcopops in young subjects. Methods: Cardiovascular and cutaneous responses were assessed in 24 healthy young subjects (12 men, 12 women) sitting comfortably and during prolonged active standing with a 30-min baseline and 130 min following ingestion of 400 mL of either: water, water + 48 g sugar, water + vodka (1...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168887/implications-of-who-guideline-on-sugars-for-dental-health-professionals
#19
REVIEW
Paula Moynihan, Yuka Makino, Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa
The burden of oral disease is high in populations across the world. This is because of high consumption of free sugars. The WHO Guideline on Sugars Intake for Adults and Children recommended limiting free sugars to no more than 5% energy intake to protect oral health throughout the life-course. The objectives of this paper are to consider the implications of the Guideline for dental health practice and to advocate use of the common risk factor approach when providing dietary advice. As part of a broad range of actions needed to reduce free sugars intake, improved education for dental health professionals and supporting patients to eat less free sugars are key actions for the dental profession...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168590/clustering-patterns-of-oral-and-general-health-risk-behaviours-in-brazilian-adolescents-findings-from-a-national-survey
#20
Lidia M R Jordão, Deborah C Malta, Maria do Carmo M Freire
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how oral and general health-risk behaviours cluster among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: The study comprised a total of 109 104 adolescents (52.2% female) participating in the Brazilian National School-based Student Health Survey (PeNSE). Seventeen behaviours (including diet; oral and hand hygiene; frequency of dental visits; tobacco, alcohol and drug use; sexual behaviour; physical activity, and risk for external causes) were measured using a self-reported questionnaire...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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