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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471309/the-role-of-the-diet-in-tooth-wear
#1
S O'Toole, F Mullan
An acidic diet has been associated with erosive tooth wear. However, some people who consume dietary acids develop erosive tooth wear and some do not. This review paper provides an overview of the risk factors of dietary acid consumption which increase the likelihood of developing severe erosive tooth wear. Increased frequency of dietary acid consumption, particularly between meals appears to be the predominant risk factor. However, habitually drinking acidic drinks by sipping them slowly or swishing, rinsing or holding acidic drinks in the mouth before swallowing will also increase risk of progression...
February 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469025/sleep-duration-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-energy-drinks-among-adolescents
#2
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Hayley A Hamilton, Jean-Philippe Chaput
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between sleep duration and consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy drinks (EDs) among adolescents. METHODS: Data on 9,473 adolescents aged 11-20 years were obtained from the 2015 cycle of the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a province-wide and cross-sectional school based survey of students in middle and high school. Respondents self-reported their sleep duration and consumption of SSBs and EDs...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463332/consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-and-artificially-sweetened-soft-drinks-and-risk-of-obesity-related-cancers
#3
Allison M Hodge, Julie K Bassett, Roger L Milne, Dallas R English, Graham G Giles
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that more frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened soft drinks would be associated with increased risk of obesity-related cancers. Associations for artificially sweetened soft drinks were assessed for comparison. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with cancers identified by linkage to cancer registries. At baseline, participants completed a 121-item FFQ including separate questions about the number of times in the past year they had consumed sugar-sweetened or artificially sweetened soft drinks...
February 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462918/out-of-home-food-consumers-in-brazil-what-do-they-eat
#4
Giovanna Calixto Andrade, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Catarina Machado Azeredo, Camila Zancheta Ricardo, Ana Paula Bortolleto Martins, Renata Bertazzi Levy
Considering the increased contribution of foods consumed outside home and their potential impact on diet, this study aims to identify eating out patterns and their association with nutritional dietary quality in Brazil. We used the Individual Food Intake Survey 2008-2009, conducted with 34,003 individuals aged 10 and up. We used factor analysis by principal component to identify out-of-home eating patterns and linear regression to explore the association between patterns scores and dietary quality. We identified three food patterns...
February 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460783/z%C3%A3-sto-a-new-sweetening-agent-with-low-glycemic-index
#5
Joeri Jan Pen, Galina Khorosheva, Ursule Van de Velde, Corinne Debroye, André Huyghebaert, Raoul Rottiers, Bart Keymeulen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sweetening agents are sugar substitutes with a low glycemic index, used to obtain a better glycemic control in diabetes patients. However, they also may have a role in other subjects, as a high glycemic index is thought to cause many pathological conditions. Unfortunately, not all artificial sweeteners are perceived as sweet as sugar by patients. Consumers refer often to an after taste present in foods sweetened with intensive sweeteners. The objective of this study was to explore whether Zùsto® had a low glycemic index, to replace glucose as a sweetener...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458352/reducing-ghg-emissions-while-improving-diet-quality-exploring-the-potential-of-reduced-meat-cheese-and-alcoholic-and-soft-drinks-consumption-at-specific-moments-during-the-day
#6
Mirjam E van de Kamp, S Marije Seves, Elisabeth H M Temme
BACKGROUND: The typical Western diet is associated with high levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and with obesity and other diet-related diseases. This study aims to determine the impact of adjustments to the current diet at specific moments of food consumption, to lower GHG emissions and improve diet quality. METHODS: Food consumption in the Netherlands was assessed by two non-consecutive 24-h recalls for adults aged 19-69 years (n = 2102). GHG emission of food consumption was evaluated with the use of life cycle assessments...
February 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422575/sugar-snacks-and-energy-drinks-in-the-spotlight
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415478/empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-in-uk-adults-are-associated-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-lifestyle-and-diet-quality
#8
Katharine Roberts, Janet Cade, Jeremy Dawson, Michelle Holdsworth
The aim of this study was to examine empirical dietary patterns in UK adults and their association with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, self-reported nutrient intake, nutrient biomarkers, and the Nutrient-based Diet Quality Score (NDQS) using National Diet and Nutrition Survey data 2008-2012 ( n = 2083; mean age 49 years; 43.3% male). Four patterns explained 13.6% of the total variance: 'Snacks, fast food, fizzy drinks' (SFFFD), 'Fruit, vegetables, oily fish' (FVOF), 'Meat, potatoes, beer' (MPB), and 'Sugary foods, dairy' (SFD)...
February 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415424/a-role-for-exercise-in-attenuating-unhealthy-food-consumption-in-response-to-stress
#9
REVIEW
Shina Leow, Ben Jackson, Jacqueline A Alderson, Kym J Guelfi, James A Dimmock
It is well established that both acute and chronic stress can be detrimental to health and wellbeing by directly increasing the risk of several chronic diseases and related health problems. In addition, stress may contribute to ill-health indirectly via its downstream effects on individuals' health-related behaviour, such as promoting the intake of unhealthy palatable foods high in fat and sugar content. This paper reviews (a) the research literature on stress-models; (b) recent research investigating stress-induced eating and (c) the potential physiological and psychological pathways contributing to stress-induced eating...
February 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409580/gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-associated-behaviors-and-weight-related-perceptions-in-a-national-survey-of-primary-school-children-in-china
#10
Juan Zhang, Yi Zhai, Xiao Qi Feng, Wei Rong Li, Yue Bin Lyu, Thomas Astell-Burt, Peng Yu Zhao, Xiao Ming Shi
OBJECTIVE: To in vestigate potential gender differences in the odds of overweight/obese, weight-related perceptions, and behaviors among Chinese school children. METHODS: Height, weight, and a survey of weight-related perceptions and behaviors were measured in a nationally representative survey of 12,811 children in primary schools in China. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess gender differences, adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: Boys had higher odds of being overweight/obese compared to girls within both urban [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2...
January 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409560/the-nutritional-content-of-supermarket-beverages-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-new-zealand-australia-canada-and-the-uk
#11
Lynne Chepulis, Gael Mearns, Shaunie Hill, Jason Hy Wu, Michelle Crino, Sarah Alderton, Katharine Jenner
OBJECTIVE: To compare the nutritional content, serving size and taxation potential of supermarket beverages from four different Western countries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. Multivariate regression analysis and χ 2 comparisons were used to detect differences between countries. SETTING: Supermarkets in New Zealand (NZ), Australia, Canada and the UK. SUBJECTS: Supermarket beverages in the following categories: fruit juices, fruit-based drinks, carbonated soda, waters and sports/energy drinks...
February 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408463/bupropion-and-naltrexone-combination-alters-high-fructose-corn-syrup-self-administration-and-gene-expression-in-rats
#12
AnneMarie Levy, Stephen Daniels, Roger Hudson, Thomas Horman, Amanda Flynn, Yan Zhou, Francesco Leri
Contrave® is an adjunct pharmacotherapy for obesity that contains bupropion (BUP) and naltrexone (NTX). To further explore the psychopharmacology of this drug combination, male Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with subcutaneous osmotic mini-pumps releasing: 40 mg/kg/day BUP, 4 mg/kg/day NTX, or 40 + 4 mg/kg/day BUP and NTX (BN). During 12 days of exposure, the animals were tested on operant intraoral self-administration (IOSA) of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) on continuous (FR1) and progressive ratio (PR) schedules, on home cage drinking of HFCS, and on HFCS taste reactivity...
February 2, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402899/comparison-of-environmental-impact-and-nutritional-quality-among-a-european-sample-population-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#13
Christie Walker, Eileen R Gibney, Stefanie Hellweg
This study evaluates the relationship between environmental impacts and diet quality through several environmental and nutritional indicators, using data from over 1400 participants across seven European countries in the Food4Me study. Comparisons of environmental impacts and dietary quality were evaluated across country, gender groups, and dietary patterns. While there was clear variability within the different subsets, there were large differences observed in both dietary quality and environmental impacts between cultures, genders, and dietary patterns...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392745/latest-advances-in-the-extraction-and-determination-of-saffron-apocarotenoids
#14
Anastasia Kyriakoudi, Maria Z Tsimidou
Saffron, the dried red stigmas of Crocus sativus L. plant, is the most expensive spice in the world. It is highly valued not only for the color and flavor that exerts to various foods and drinks but also for its functional properties. Various classes of apocarotenoids such as crocetin sugar esters, picrocrocin and safranal are responsible for these characteristics. In the present review, the evolution of the methods proposed by the ISO standard for extraction and determination of saffron apocarotenoids since 1980 is presented in parallel to other approaches proposed by various scientists to overcome limitations of the standard...
February 2, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389844/enrichment-of-biscuits-with-matcha-green-tea-powder-its-impact-on-consumer-acceptability-and-acute-metabolic-response
#15
Benjapor Phongnarisorn, Caroline Orfila, Melvin Holmes, Lisa J Marshall
Matcha green tea powder (MGTP) is made with finely ground green tea leaves that are rich in phytochemicals, most particularly catechins. Shortbread biscuits were enriched with MGTP and evaluated for consumer acceptability and potential functional health properties. Baking decreased the content of total catechins by 19% compared to dough, although epimerization increased the amount of (+)-gallocatechin gallate at the expense of other catechins such as (-)-epigallocatechin gallate. Consumer acceptability tests using a 9-point hedonic scale showed that consumers preferred enriched biscuits with low content of MGTP (2 g of MGTP 100 g-1 of flour), and an increase of sugar content did not significantly improve the acceptability of MGTP-enriched biscuits...
February 1, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385691/total-and-free-sugar-content-of-pre-packaged-foods-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-in-slovenia
#16
Nina Zupanič, Krista Miklavec, Anita Kušar, Katja Žmitek, Nataša Fidler Mis, Igor Pravst
Scientific evidence of the association between free sugar consumption and several adverse health effects has led many public health institutions to take measures to limit the intake of added or free sugar. Monitoring the efficiency of such policies and the amount of free sugar consumed requires precise knowledge of free sugar content in different food products. To meet this need, our cross-sectional study aimed at assessing free sugar content for 10,674 pre-packaged food items available from major Slovenian food stores during data collection in 2015...
January 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384791/intake-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-fecundability-in-a-north-american-preconception-cohort
#17
E E Hatch, A K Wesselink, K A Hahn, J J Michiel, E M Mikkelsen, H T Sorensen, K J Rothman, L A Wise
Dietary factors, including sugar-sweetened beverages, may have adverse effects on fertility. Sugar-sweetened beverages have been associated with poor semen quality in cross-sectional studies, and female soda intake has been associated with lower fecundability in some, but not all, studies. We evaluated the association of female and male sugar-sweetened beverage intake with fecundability among 3828 women planning pregnancy and 1045 of their male partners in a North American prospective cohort study. We followed participants enrolled between June 2013 and May 2017 until pregnancy or for up to twelve menstrual cycles...
January 30, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381802/the-effect-of-consumption-temperature-on-the-homeostatic-and-hedonic-responses-to-glucose-ingestion-in-the-hypothalamus-and-the-reward-system
#18
Anna M van Opstal, Annette A van den Berg-Huysmans, Marco Hoeksma, Cor Blonk, Hanno Pijl, Serge A R B Rombouts, Jeroen van der Grond
Background: Excessive consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been associated with obesity and related diseases. SSBs are often consumed cold, and both the energy content and temperature might influence the consumption behavior for SSBs. Objective: The main aim of this study was to elucidate whether consumption temperature and energy (i.e., glucose) content modulate homeostatic (hypothalamus) and reward [ventral tegmental area (VTA)] responses. Design: Sixteen healthy men participated in our study [aged 18-25 y; body mass index (kg/m2): 20-23]...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375180/designing-a-food-tax-to-impact-food-related-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-chile
#19
Juan Carlos Caro, Lindsey Smith-Taillie, Shu Wen Ng, Barry Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy dense ultra-processed foods is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), causing significant health costs. Chile has the highest SSB consumption in the world, very high junk food intake and very rapid increases in these poor components of the diet plus obesity prevalence. This study's purpose is to compare the effect of different tax schemes for SSBs and ultra-processed foods on nutrient availability, utilizing price-elasticities, which are estimated from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2011-2012 Income and Expenditure survey...
August 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372547/impairment-of-novel-object-recognition-memory-and-brain-insulin-signaling-in-fructose-but-not-glucose-drinking-female-rats
#20
Gemma Sangüesa, Mar Cascales, Christian Griñán, Rosa María Sánchez, Núria Roglans, Mercè Pallàs, Juan Carlos Laguna, Marta Alegret
Excessive sugar intake has been related to cognitive alterations, but it remains unclear whether these effects are related exclusively to increased energy intake, and the molecular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We supplemented Sprague-Dawley female rats with 10% w/v fructose in drinking water or with isocaloric glucose solution for 7 months. Cognitive function was assessed through the Morris water maze (MWM) and the novel object recognition (NOR) tests. Plasma parameters and protein/mRNA expression in the frontal cortex and hippocampus were determined...
January 26, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
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