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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337856/contribution-of-snacks-to-dietary-intakes-of-young-children-in-the-united-states
#1
Lenka H Shriver, Barbara J Marriage, Tama D Bloch, Colleen K Spees, Samantha A Ramsay, Rosanna P Watowicz, Christopher A Taylor
Nutritional quality of children's diets is a public health priority in the fight against childhood obesity and chronic diseases. The main purpose of this study was to determine contribution of snacks to energy and nutrient intakes and to identify leading snack food sources of energy, total fat, and added sugars amongst young children in the United States. Using the 2005-2012 NHANES data, dietary intakes of 2- to 5-year-old children were analysed from a parent-reported 24-hour dietary recall (n = 3,429). Snacking occasions were aggregated to determine the proportion of total food/beverage intake obtained from snacks, estimate energy, and nutrient intakes, and identify the leading snack food sources of energy, added sugars, and total fat...
March 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335441/dietary-intake-of-individual-free-and-intrinsic-sugars-and-food-sources-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#2
Emma Ruiz, Paula Rodriguez, Teresa Valero, José M Ávila, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
The consumption of total and individual sugars is controversial and little is known about consumption and dietary sources in Spain. The purpose was to examine free and intrinsic sugar intake and food and beverage sources. The ANIBES Study (Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old; n = 2009) carried out in 2013, was used. Food and beverage records were obtained by a three-day dietary record by using a tablet device...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331253/content-of-food-advertising-for-young-adolescents-on-television
#3
Setu Gupta, Swati Kalra, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Piyush Gupta
BACKGROUND: Food related advertisements on television may have a major influence on the dietary habits and obesity among young adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and typology of food advertisements on most popular television channels, watched by school-going young adolescents in Delhi. METHODOLOGY: Biphasic study to (a) identify the three television channels most frequently watched by administering a questionnaire to 400 school going young adolescents; and (b) view each of these channels for 2 hours per day for 6 days each, and observe the content of advertisements related to foods, beverages, and food outlets...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330724/treatment-effects-and-mechanisms-of-yujin-powder-on-rat-model-of-large-intestine-dampness-heat-syndrome
#4
Wanling Yao, Chaoxue Yang, Yanqiao Wen, Wangdong Zhang, Xiaosong Zhang, Qi Ma, Peng Ji, Yongli Hua, Yanming Wei
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Yujin Powder (YJP), an old prescription, is one of the most classical prescription for treating the large intestine dampness-heat syndrome (LIDHS). However, its potential modern pharmacological mechanisms remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to explore the essence of LIDHS and treatment mechanisms of the YJP on the LIDHS. METHODS: The rat model of LIDHS was established by such complex factors as high-sugar and high-fat diet, improper diet, high temperature and humidity environment (HTHE), drinking and intraperitoneal injection of Escherichia coli...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327831/-assessment-of-the-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-eating-habits-of-schoolchildren-in-cercado-de-lima
#5
Juan Pablo Aparco, William Bautista-Olórtegui, Laura Astete-Robilliard, Jenny Pillaca
Objectives: To assess the nutritional status, physical activity, and eating habits of schoolchildren in Cercado de Lima (Lima district). Materials and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample included schoolchildren from first to fourth grade in four public elementary schools located in Cercado de Lima. The study variables were nutritional status, hemoglobin dose, physical activity, and eating habits. The percentages of the qualitative variables and central tendency measures for quantitative ones were calculated...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327110/an-assessment-of-the-impacts-of-child-oral-health-in-indonesia-and-associations-with-self-esteem-school-performance-and-perceived-employability
#6
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322529/-interventi-di-popolazione-per-contrastare-l-epidemia-di-prodotti-insalubri
#7
Giuseppe Gorini
"The multinational corporations producing tobacco, alcohol, soft drinks, and processed foods have a role of vectors in the increase of chronic diseases, so that one can speak of manufacturing epidemics. The main aim of this paper is to conduct a literature review on different approaches in population-based interventions to stem the rise in consumption of unhealthy products. Different approaches were found: • command-and-control regulations: the route is definitely more advanced for tobacco with the implementation of an international treaty, which requires 180 ratifying states to implement a series of tobacco control policies...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322183/the-un-decade-of-nutrition-the-nova-food-classification-and-the-trouble-with-ultra-processing
#8
Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Geoffrey Cannon, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Laura C Louzada, Patrícia Constante Jaime
Given evident multiple threats to food systems and supplies, food security, human health and welfare, the living and physical world and the biosphere, the years 2016-2025 are now designated by the UN as the Decade of Nutrition, in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. For these initiatives to succeed, it is necessary to know which foods contribute to health and well-being, and which are unhealthy. The present commentary outlines the NOVA system of food classification based on the nature, extent and purpose of food processing...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321230/integrated-transcriptome-and-metabolic-analyses-reveals-novel-insights-into-free-amino-acid-metabolism-in-huangjinya-tea-cultivar
#9
Qunfeng Zhang, Meiya Liu, Jianyun Ruan
The chlorotic tea variety Huangjinya, a natural mutant, contains enhanced levels of free amino acids in its leaves, which improves the drinking quality of its brewed tea. Consequently, this chlorotic mutant has a higher economic value than the non-chlorotic varieties. However, the molecular mechanisms behind the increased levels of free amino acids in this mutant are mostly unknown, as are the possible effects of this mutation on the overall metabolome and biosynthetic pathways in tea leaves. To gain further insight into the effects of chlorosis on the global metabolome and biosynthetic pathways in this mutant, Huangjinya plants were grown under normal and reduced sunlight, resulting in chlorotic and non-chlorotic leaves, respectively; their leaves were analyzed using transcriptomics as well as targeted and untargeted metabolomics...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317778/physicochemical-and-sensory-aroma-and-colour-characterisation-of-a-non-centrifugal-cane-sugar-panela-beverage
#10
Juliana María García, Paulo César Narváez, Francisco José Heredia, Álvaro Orjuela, Coralia Osorio
Non-centrifugal cane sugar (NCS), also called "panela", is a high carbohydrate-content food obtained by boil evaporation of the sugar cane juice. This study was undertaken to assess physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of panela beverage at two different concentrations. Evaluation of pH, °Brix, and colour (tristimulus colorimetry) was carried out in all panela drink samples. In order to characterise the odour-active volatiles of the beverage, a simultaneous steam distillation-solvent extraction method was applied using a mixture of diethyl ether-pentane (1:1,w/w) as solvent...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303700/evaluation-of-dairy-products-available-on-the-polish-market-in-the-context-of-nutrient-profiles-clear-arguments-for-reformulation-of-foodstuffs
#11
Regina Wierzejska, Magdalena Siuba-Strzelińska, Mirosław Jarosz
Background: Dairy products, which are one of the main groups of products in the diet, are expected to have high nutritional value. The development of food technology often involves changing the nutritional parameters of foodstuffs. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional value of dairy products, in the context of nutrient profiles. Material and Methods: The tested products included yoghurts, yoghurt drinks, kefir, cream cheeses and milk desserts available on the Polish market, basing on the information from unit product packaging...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275129/declining-consumption-of-added-sugars-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-australia-a-challenge-for-obesity-prevention
#12
Jennie C Brand-Miller, Alan W Barclay
Background: Reduced intakes of added sugars and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have been the main focus of efforts to stall obesity. Although obesity has risen steeply in Australia, some evidence suggests that added-sugars and SSB intakes have declined over the same time frame.Objective: We investigated recent trends in the availability of sugars and sweeteners and changes in intakes of total sugars, added sugars, and SSBs in Australia by using multiple, independent data sources.Design: The study was designed to compare relevant data published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO Statistics Division Database (FAOSTAT)], the Australian government, academia, and the food industry...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274786/exploring-the-role-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-in-obesity-among-new-yorkers-using-propensity-score-matching
#13
Marissa Burgermaster, Hiershenee Bhana, M Dot Fullwood, Diego A Luna Bazaldua, Elizabeth Tipton
BACKGROUND: Results from clinical trials have shown that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) lead to increased body mass index (BMI) and obesity. This relationship has yet to be explored in observational data for nonclinical populations of adults. OBJECTIVE: To compare adults who drank 4+ SSBs daily to those who drank 0 in the population of adults in New York City, and to better understand adult risk factors associated with higher daily SSB consumption and BMI. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data using propensity score matching...
March 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268615/soft-drink-effects-on-sensorimotor-rhythm-brain-computer-interface-performance-and-resting-state-spectral-power
#14
John Mundahl, Jianjun Meng, Jeffrey He, Bin He
Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems allow users to directly control computers and other machines by modulating their brain waves. In the present study, we investigated the effect of soft drinks on resting state (RS) EEG signals and BCI control. Eight healthy human volunteers each participated in three sessions of BCI cursor tasks and resting state EEG. During each session, the subjects drank an unlabeled soft drink with either sugar, caffeine, or neither ingredient. A comparison of resting state spectral power shows a substantial decrease in alpha and beta power after caffeine consumption relative to control...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266120/prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-at-individual-and-population-level-consensus-report-of-group-3-of-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#15
Søren Jepsen, Juan Blanco, Wolfgang Buchalla, Joana C Carvalho, Thomas Dietrich, Christof Dörfer, Kenneth A Eaton, Elena Figuero, Jo E Frencken, Filippo Graziani, Susan M Higham, Thomas Kocher, Marisa Maltz, Alberto Ortiz-Vigon, Julian Schmoeckel, Anton Sculean, Livia M A Tenuta, Monique H van der Veen, Vita Machiulskiene
BACKGROUND: The non-communicable diseases dental caries and periodontal diseases pose an enormous burden on mankind. The dental biofilm is a major biological determinant common to the development of both diseases, and they share common risk factors and social determinants, important for their prevention and control. The remit of this working group was to review the current state of knowledge on epidemiology, socio-behavioural aspects as well as plaque control with regard to dental caries and periodontal diseases...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262323/soft-drink-consumption-and-gestational-diabetes-risk-in-the-sun-project
#16
Mikel Donazar-Ezcurra, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez, Francisco J Basterra-Gortari, Jokin de Irala, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing worldwide. To the best of our knowledge the specific evaluation of soft drink consumption as a risk factor for developing GDM has only been conducted in the Nurses' Health Study II. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of GDM according to soft drink consumption in the SUN project. DESIGN: The "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) project is a prospective and dynamic cohort which included data of 3396 women who notified at least one pregnancy between December 1999 and March 2012...
February 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260144/susceptibility-to-food-advertisements-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-non-hispanic-black-and-non-hispanic-white-adolescents
#17
Meredith M Cervi, Tanya Agurs-Collins, Laura A Dwyer, Chan L Thai, Richard P Moser, Linda C Nebeling
Obesity among adolescents in the United States has risen by 16% in the past 30 years. One important contributing factor may be the increased consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), which is encouraged by advertisements for unhealthy foods and drinks that are targeted to adolescents. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the association between susceptibility to food and drink advertisements and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in non-Hispanic black (NHB) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) adolescents and to examine if BMI is associated with SSB consumption...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255654/replacement-of-glycaemic-carbohydrates-by-inulin-type-fructans-from-chicory-oligofructose-inulin-reduces-the-postprandial-blood-glucose-and-insulin-response-to-foods-report-of-two-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Helen Lightowler, Sangeetha Thondre, Anja Holz, Stephan Theis
PURPOSE: Inulin-type fructans are recognized as prebiotic dietary fibres and classified as non-digestible carbohydrates that do not contribute to glycaemia. The aim of the present studies was to investigate the glycaemic response (GR) and insulinaemic response (IR) to foods in which sucrose was partially replaced by inulin or oligofructose from chicory. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, controlled cross-over design, 40-42 healthy adults consumed a yogurt drink containing oligofructose or fruit jelly containing inulin and the respective full-sugar variants...
March 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252368/consumption-of-energy-drinks-among-qu%C3%A3-bec-college-students
#19
Marianne Picard-Masson, Julie Loslier, Pierre Paquin, Karine Bertrand
OBJECTIVES: Consumption of energy drinks (ED) raises concerns because of adverse health effects possibly linked with high levels of caffeine and sugar intake. The study looks at the scope of ED consumption as well as some of the associated characteristics. METHODS: Thirty-six public colleges in the Canadian province of Québec agreed to participate in a descriptive cross-sectional study (n = 36). In February 2013, participating colleges invited their students to answer an online questionnaire on consumption of ED, alcoholic ED (AED), and ED in combination with other psychotropic drugs...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249935/an-adolescent-and-early-adulthood-dietary-pattern-associated-with-inflammation-and-the-incidence-of-breast-cancer
#20
Holly R Harris, Walter C Willett, Rita L Vaidya, Karin B Michels
Adolescence is a highly susceptible period for mammary carcinogenesis, but few prospective studies have examined the role of adolescent diet in breast cancer risk. Reduced rank regression has previously been used to identify a dietary pattern associated with markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein, IL6, and TNFα receptor 2). We investigated whether an adolescent and early adulthood inflammatory dietary pattern was associated with breast cancer among 45,204 women in the Nurses' Health Study II using reduced rank regression...
March 1, 2017: Cancer Research
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