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Gabrielle Miller, Caitlin Merlo, Zewditu Demissie, Sarah Sliwa, Sohyun Park
Beverages play an important role in the diets of adolescents because they help to maintain hydration and can provide important nutrients, such as calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin C (1). However, some beverages, such as sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) (e.g., soda or pop), provide calories with no beneficial nutrients. Beverage consumption patterns among American youth have changed over time; however, little is known about differences in consumption of various beverages by demographic characteristics such as grade in school, free/reduced price lunch eligibility, and race/ethnicity (2)...
February 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Michele L Susko, Michael S Bloom, Iulia A Neamtiu, Allison A Appleton, Simona Surdu, Cristian Pop, Edward F Fitzgerald, Doru Anastasiu, Eugen S Gurzau
High level arsenic exposure is associated with reproductive toxicity in experimental and observational studies; however, few data exist to assess risks at low levels. Even less data are available to evaluate the impact of low level arsenic exposure on human fecundity. Our aim in this pilot study was a preliminary evaluation of associations between low level drinking water arsenic contamination and female fecundity. This retrospective study was conducted among women previously recruited to a hospital-based case-control study of spontaneous pregnancy loss in Timiṣ County, Romania...
April 2017: Environmental Research
Michelle Porepa, Melissa Chan, Joelene Huber, Catherine G Lam, Hosanna Au, Catherine S Birken
BACKGROUND: Health magazines effectively deliver health information. No data regarding student-led magazines to promote health exist. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether children's health knowledge, interests and lifestyle choices improve following distribution of a student-led health magazine. METHODS: Elementary students worked with teachers and paediatric residents to publish a health magazine. A healthy lifestyle challenge page promoted reduction in soda pop consumption...
April 2016: Paediatrics & Child Health
Dehua Xia, Irene M C Lo
Ibuprofen (IBU) is one of the representative persistent organic pollutants (POPs) which can cause severe adverse effects in humans and wildlife. Therefore, effectively removing IBU from water is a worldwide necessity. In this study, a novel superparamagnetic Bi2O4/Fe3O4 nanocomposite was successfully prepared by an in-situ growth method and utilized for photocatalytic removal of IBU. The structural characterization of the Bi2O4/Fe3O4 nanocomposite indicates that the monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles of diameter 10 nm are highly assembled on the Bi2O4 nanorods of diameter 120 nm...
September 1, 2016: Water Research
Celeste D Butts, Michael S Bloom, Iulia A Neamtiu, Simona Surdu, Cristian Pop, Doru Anastasiu, Edward F Fitzgerald, Eugen S Gurzau
We conducted a pilot study of associations between drinking water contaminated by inorganic arsenic (iAs), mostly <10 μg/L, and self-reported chronic diseases in 297 pregnant women. Adjusted for confounding variables, we identified a positive association between iAs and heart disease (OR = 1.63, 95%CI 0.81-3.04, p = 0.094), which was stronger for women living at their current residence ≥ 10 years (OR = 2.47, 95%CI 0.87-10.43, p = 0.058). Confounder-adjusted associations were also suggested for iAs with kidney disease (OR = 1...
November 2015: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Simona Surdu, Michael S Bloom, Iulia A Neamtiu, Cristian Pop, Doru Anastasiu, Edward F Fitzgerald, Eugen S Gurzau
Anemia is a global health problem. To evaluate the impact of low-moderate water arsenic exposure (mostly <10 µg/L) on anemia, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 217 Romanian women. The adjusted prevalences for 'any' anemia (prevalence proportion ratio (PPR)=1.71, 95% CI 0.75-3.88) and pregnancy anemia (PPR=2.87, 95% CI 0.62-13.26) were higher among drinking water arsenic exposed women than among unexposed women. These preliminary data underscore the need for a more definitive study in this area.
July 2015: Environmental Research
Ana Miralles-Marco, Stuart Harrad
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) found extensive use for over 60 years up until its restriction in the early 2000s, culminating in its listing under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in 2009. Efforts to minimise human body burdens are hindered by uncertainty over their precise origins. While diet appears the principal source for the majority of western populations (with other pathways like dust ingestion, drinking water and inhalation also important contributors); the role played by exposure to PFOS-precursor compounds followed by in vivo metabolism to PFOS as the ultimate highly stable end-product is unclear...
April 2015: Environment International
Onur Kenan Ulutaş, Ismet Çok, Feyza Darendeliler, Banu Aydin, Asuman Çoban, Bernhard Henkelmann, Karl-Werner Schramm
The human body is not a chemically uncontaminated system. Every simple action that humans undertake, such as drinking water, eating, nursing, and even breathing air, puts the system under environmental xenobiotic exposure stress. Environmental chemicals have been shown to produce unwanted effects on health and remove the right to healthy living, starting from the first encounter in utero to geriatrics, throughout the lifespan. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels, important members of the persistent organic pollutants (POPs), have been detected before in human breast milk and also in the adipose tissue of women from different regions of Turkey; however, there was no information about the blood levels of these chemicals...
March 2015: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Iulia Neamtiu, Michael S Bloom, Gabriel Gati, Walter Goessler, Simona Surdu, Cristian Pop, Simone Braeuer, Edward F Fitzgerald, Calin Baciu, Ioana Rodica Lupsa, Doru Anastasiu, Eugen Gurzau
Excessive arsenic content in drinking water poses health risks to millions of people worldwide. Inorganic arsenic (iAs) in groundwater exceeding the 10μg/l maximum contaminant level (MCL) set by the World Health Organization (WHO) is characteristic for intermediate-depth aquifers over large areas of the Pannonian Basin in Central Europe. In western Romania, near the border with Hungary, Arad, Bihor, and Timis counties use drinking water coming partially or entirely from iAs contaminated aquifers. In nearby Arad and Bihor counties, more than 45,000 people are exposed to iAs over 10μg/l via public drinking water sources...
June 2015: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Sangita Sharma, Erin Mead, Desiree Simeon, Gary Ferguson, Fariba Kolahdooz
OBJECTIVES: To assess (1) energy and nutrient intake; (2) dietary adequacy; (3) traditional and nontraditional foods consumed; and (4) main foods contributing to energy and selected nutrient intake among Yup'ik women in Western Alaska. METHODS: Up to 3 24-hour dietary recalls were collected to assess the dietary intake. Dietary adequacy was determined by comparing women's daily nutrient intakes to corresponding dietary reference intakes (DRIs). RESULTS: Mean daily energy intake for the women was 2172 kcal, exceeding the DRI for energy...
2015: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Hongyan Ren, Xia Wan, Fei Yang, Xiaoming Shi, Jianwei Xu, Dafang Zhuang, Gonghuan Yang
The relationship between the ever-increasing cancer mortality and water pollution is an important public concern in China. This study aimed to explore the association between serious water pollution and increasing digestive cancer mortality in the Huai River Basin (HRB) in China. A series of frequency of serious pollution (FSP) indices including water quality grade (FSPWQG), biochemical oxygen demand (FSPBOD), chemical oxygen demand (FSPCOD), and ammonia nitrogen (FSPAN) were used to characterize the surface water quality between 1997 and 2006...
January 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Antonia Mureşan, Lucian Liviu Pop, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
Impaired gastric accommodation has been proposed as an im- portant mechanism in the generation of functional dyspepsia. There is an interest in methods that allow recording and quantifica- tion of the gastric accommodation reflex. Drinking tests, with water or nutrients, have been developed as a noninvasive, inexpensive method to assess gastric perception and accommodation. These tests are easily performed, do not need any special equipment and are well tolerated by patients. Drink test results are reported as the maximum tolerated volume, individual and cumulative symptom scores...
September 2014: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Michael S Bloom, Iulia A Neamtiu, Simona Surdu, Cristian Pop, Ioana Rodica Lupsa, Doru Anastasiu, Edward F Fitzgerald, Eugen S Gurzau
BACKGROUND: Previous work suggests an increased risk for spontaneous pregnancy loss linked to high levels of inorganic arsenic (iAs) in drinking water sources (>10 μg/L). However, there has been little focus to date on the impact of low-moderate levels of iAs in drinking water (<10 μg/L). To address this data gap we conducted a hospital-based case-control study in Timis County, Romania. METHODS: We recruited women with incident spontaneous pregnancy loss of 5-20 weeks completed gestation as cases (n = 150), and women with ongoing pregnancies matched by gestational age (±1 week) as controls (n = 150)...
2014: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Lindsay Tucker
Each year, the developed world is flooded with complex new medical technologies, from robotic prosthetics to remote-controlled aspirin implants. Meanwhile, only about 10% of health research funds are spent addressing the pressing problems of developing nations, although these countries make up 93% of the worldwide burden of disease. In short, while a small fraction of the world pops brand-name pharmaceuticals, the majority suffers from poor sanitation, contaminated drinking water, preventable disease, and child mortality...
September 2014: IEEE Pulse
Tony Sheehy, Fariba Kolahdooz, Cindy Roache, Sangita Sharma
BACKGROUND: Inuit in Arctic regions are experiencing a rapid diet and lifestyle transition. There are limited data on food consumption patterns among this unique population, raising concerns about assessing the risk for the development of diet-related chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the current frequency of consumption of foods and beverages among Inuit in Nunavut, Arctic Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional dietary study was conducted among randomly selected Inuit adults from three communities in Nunavut using a validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
June 2014: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Carlos Enriquez-Victorero, Daniel Hernández-Valdés, Ana Lilian Montero-Alejo, Axelle Durimel, Sarra Gaspard, Ulises Jáuregui-Haza
Activated carbon (AC) is employed in drinking water purification without almost any knowledge about the adsorption mechanism of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) onto it. Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) is an organochlorinated contaminant present in water and soils of banana crops production zones of the Caribbean. The most relevant isomers of HCH are γ-HCH and β-HCH, both with great environmental persistence. A theoretical study of the influence of AC surface groups (SGs) on HCH adsorption is done in order to help to understand the process and may lead to improve the AC selection process...
June 2014: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Michael W Beets, Falon Tilley, Robert G Weaver, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Justin B Moore
The objective of this study was to describe the 3-year outcomes (2011-2013) from the healthy lunchbox challenge (HLC) delivered in the US-based summer day camps (SDC) (8-10 hours day(-1), 10-11 weeks summer(-1), SDC) to increase children and staff bringing fruit, vegetables and water (FVW) each day. A single group pre- with multiple post-test design was used in four large-scale SDCs serving more than 550 children day(-1) (6-12 years). The percentage of foods/beverages brought by children/staff, staff promotion of healthy eating and children's consumption of FVW was assessed via direct observation over 98 days across three summers...
October 2014: Health Education Research
Caitlin L Merlo, Emily O'Malley Olsen, Mara Galic, Nancy D Brener
INTRODUCTION: Most students in grades kindergarten through 12 have access to foods and beverages during the school day outside the federal school meal programs, which are called competitive foods. At the time of this study, competitive foods were subject to minimal federal nutrition standards, but states could implement additional standards. Our analysis examined the association between school nutrition practices and alignment of state policies with Institute of Medicine recommendations (IOM Standards)...
2014: Preventing Chronic Disease
Rainer M Holm-Hadulla, Alina Bertolino
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and drug abuse is frequent among performers and pop musicians. Many of them hope that alcohol and drugs will enhance their creativity. Scientific studies are scarce and conclusions limited for methodological reasons. Furthermore, extraordinary creativity can hardly be grasped by empirical-statistical methods. Thus, ideographic studies are necessary to learn from extraordinarily creative persons about the relationship of creativity with alcohol and drugs. The pop icon Jim Morrison can serve as an exemplary case to investigate the interrelation between alcohol and drug abuse and creativity...
2014: Psychopathology
Mariana N Stefănuţ, Adina Căta, Raluca Pop, Cristian Tănasie, Daniel Boc, Ioana Ienaşcu, Valentin Ordodi
Small fruits like bilberry, blackberry and mulberry are rich sources of anthocyanins and other phenols, compounds with a certified antioxidant activity and spectacular effects in some chronic diseases. Romanian bilberry, blackberry and mulberry extracts were tested as anti-hyperglycemic agents on diabetic rats. Anthocyanins extraction was carried out with 80 % acidified ethanol in ultrasonically conditions at 23 ± 2 °C and 40 kHz. Monomeric anthocyanins content was determined by pH differential method and varied between 1200 and 2800 mg/L...
December 2013: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
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