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Sugar sweetened drinks

Kaitlin Mock, Sundus Lateef, Vagner A Benedito, Janet C Tou
High-fructose corn syrup-55 (HFCS-55) has been suggested to be more lipogenic than sucrose, which increases the risk for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and dyslipidemia. The study objectives were to determine the effects of drinking different sugar-sweetened solutions on hepatic gene expression in relation to liver fatty acid composition and risk of NAFLD. Female rats were randomly assigned (n=7 rats/group) to drink water or water sweetened with 13% (w/v) HFCS-55, sucrose or fructose for 8 weeks. Rats drinking HFCS-55 solution had the highest (P=...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Vicente Ortún, Beatriz G López-Valcárcel, Jaime Pinilla
This article provides a critical review about the challenges that taxes on sugary drinks as an instrument of health policy must face to reverse the trend of the current epidemics of obesity. We analyzed the experiences of the leading countries, particularly Mexico, and reflect on the counterweight exerted by the industry against obesity policies, and on the power of lobbyists. Those tax policies for public health have to overcome the enormous strength of the industry, which is exerted in several-science and research, brand reputation, influence on regulators-levels...
October 13, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Raúl N Comelli, Lisandro G Seluy, Miguel A Isla
This work focuses on the performance of ten commercial Saccharomyces yeast strains in the batch alcoholic fermentation of sugars contained in selected industrial wastewaters from the soft drink industry. Fermentation has been applied successfully to treat these effluents prior to their disposal. Although many strains were investigated, similar behaviour was observed between all of the Saccharomyces strains tested. When media were inoculated with 2gL(-1) of yeast, all strains were able to completely consume the available sugars in less than 14h...
December 25, 2016: New Biotechnology
Jee-Young Yeon, Soon-Kyu Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the perception of sugar reduction, nutrition education, and frequency of snacking in children according to the self-perceived dietary preferences for sweet taste by mothers in Busan. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 277 mothers were surveyed, and their perceptions of sugar reduction and the frequency of snacking in children were assessed using a questionnaire. The subjects were classified into either a sweet (n = 91) or an unsweet (n = 186) group according to their self-perceived preferences for a sweet taste...
October 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
Karina R Lora, Laura Hubbs-Tait, Ann M Ferris, Dorothy Wakefield
Relationships of African-American and Hispanic fathers' feeding practices and weight concerns and preschoolers' desire to drink with children's beverage intake were examined, and associations between fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status were evaluated. Fathers' (Hispanic n = 61, African-American n = 49) difficulty in child feeding, use of food to calm, use of food as reward, and concern about the child being under and overweight as well as their child's desire to drink were assessed. Preschoolers' (ages 2 to 5) total sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), fruit juice, and water intake were measured by a modified beverage intake questionnaire...
September 9, 2016: Appetite
Tracy Burrows, Simon K Harries, Rebecca L Williams, Cheryl Lum, Robin Callister
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to comprehensively assess the dietary intakes and diet quality of a sample of Australian competitive adolescent rugby union players and compare these intakes with National and Sports Dietitians Association (SDA) Recommendations for adolescent athletes. A secondary aim investigated applying different physical activity level (PAL) coefficients to determine total energy expenditure (TEE) in order to more effectively evaluate the adequacy of energy intakes...
2016: Nutrients
Eric M VanEpps, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: California, New York, and the cities of San Francisco and Baltimore have introduced bills requiring health-related warning labels for sugar-sweetened beverages. This study measures the extent to which these warning labels influence adolescents' beliefs and hypothetical choices. DESIGN: Participants completed an online survey in which they chose a beverage in a hypothetical vending machine task, rated perceptions of different beverages, and indicated interest in coupons for beverages...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Jane Liu, Tony Kuo, Lu Jiang, Brenda Robles, Shannon E Whaley
OBJECTIVE: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are two of the more well-known food assistance programmes in the USA. The current study describes food consumption patterns of children aged 1-5 years living in households dually enrolled in these two programmes v. households enrolled only in WIC. DESIGN: Food consumption and SNAP participation were assessed using data from the 2014 Survey of Los Angeles County (LAC) WIC Participants and the Follow-Up Survey of the same households that were also SNAP beneficiaries...
September 9, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Tessa Bollard, Ninya Maubach, Natalie Walker, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with increased risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease and dental caries. Our aim was to assess the effects of plain packaging, warning labels, and a 20 % tax on predicted SSB preferences, beliefs and purchase probabilities amongst young people. METHODS: A 2 × 3 × 2 between-group experimental study was conducted over a one-week period in August 2014. Intervention scenarios were delivered, and outcome data collected, via an anonymous online survey...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Cathríona R Monnard, Jean-Pierre Montani, Erik K Grasser
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Energy drinks (EDs) are suspected to induce potential adverse cardiovascular effects and have recently been shown to reduce cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in young, healthy subjects. Gender differences in CBFV in response to EDs have not previously been investigated, despite the fact that women are more prone to cardiovascular disturbances such as neurocardiogenic syncope than men. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore gender differences in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular responses to EDs...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Karina R Lora, Brenda Davy, Valisa Hedrick, Ann M Ferris, Michael P Anderson, Dorothy Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationship between high-calorie beverage consumption and weight gain requires an accurate report of dietary intake. A critical need exists to develop and test the psychometrics of brief quantitative tools for minority pediatric populations. OBJECTIVE: To modify the adult beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ-15) for Hispanic preschool-aged children (BEVQ-PS) and test its validity and test-retest reliability in children aged 3 to 5 years...
August 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Kamille Almer Bernsdorf, Cathrine Juel Lau, Kirstine Robinson, Ulla Toft, Anne Helms Andreasen, Charlotte Glümer
We aimed to examine the changes in sugar-sweetened soft drink intake across the Capital Region of Denmark from 2007 to 2013 and to examine the association between intake and neighbourhood socioeconomic status. The study included data from three health surveys in 2007 (n = 30,426), 2010 (n = 42,218) and 2013 (n = 34,330) in the Capital Region of Denmark. Frequency of soft drink intake was derived from questionnaires among residents aged 25-79 years and linked with information from central registers. Municipality social groups (MSG) 1-4 of decreasing affluence were defined as a composite measure...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Luana Silva Monteiro, Thaís Meirelles de Vasconcelos, Gloria Valéria da Veiga, Rosângela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in beverage consumption among adolescents between 2003 and 2008. METHODS: Two school-based cross-sectional studies were carried out with public school students (12 to 19 years-old) from Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Data from three food records were used to estimate daily, weekdays and weekend average consumption (volume and percent contribution for total daily energy intake) of milk and milk-based beverages, sugar sweetened beverages, fresh squeezed fruit juices, caffeinated and alcoholic beverages...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Eva M Navarrete-Muñoz, Petra A Wark, Dora Romaguera, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Dominique Michaud, Esther Molina-Montes, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Guy Fagherazzi, Verena A Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Annika Steffen, Antonia Trichopoulou, Eleni Klinaki, Eleni-Maria Papatesta, Giovanna Masala, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Alessio Naccarati, Amalia Mattiello, Petra H Peeters, Charlotta Rylander, Christine L Parr, Guri Skeie, Elisabete Weiderpass, J Ramón Quirós, Eric J Duell, Miren Dorronsoro, José María Huerta, Eva Ardanaz, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Tim Key, Magdalena Stepien, Heinz Freisling, Elio Riboli, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita
BACKGROUND: The consumption of sweet beverages has been associated with greater risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity, which may be involved in the development of pancreatic cancer. Therefore, it has been hypothesized that sweet beverages may increase pancreatic cancer risk as well. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between sweet-beverage consumption (including total, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened soft drink and juice and nectar consumption) and pancreatic cancer risk...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sohyun Park, Lara J Akinbami, Lisa C McGuire, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVES: Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among U.S. adults is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. An association between SSB intake and asthma has been shown among U.S. children and Australian adults, but scant published information exists for U.S. adults. We examined associations between SSB intake and current asthma among U.S. adults, and the role of obesity in this association. METHODS: We analyzed 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 146,990 adults (≥18years) from 23 states and the District of Columbia...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
Ricardo Cisneros, Mariaelena Gonzalez, Paul Brown, Don Schweizer
Introduction Asthma prevalence has been increasing consistently since 1995 in California. Recent studies have found that consuming soda and sugar containing drinks may pose a risk for asthma. Research that examines the relationship between soda intake and asthma among adult asthmatics is limited. Objective This study investigated the relationship between sugar-sweetened soda consumption and asthma hospitalization among adult asthmatics in California. Methods This cross sectional study was based on the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data and included 3,784 adults who were diagnosed with asthma by a doctor and who currently reported either that they still had asthma, or that they had suffered from an asthma attack in the last 12 months...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Nanna J Olsen, Lars Ängquist, Sofus C Larsen, Allan Linneberg, Tea Skaaby, Lise Lotte N Husemoen, Ulla Toft, Anne Tjønneland, Jytte Halkjær, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Kim Overvad, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Thorkild Ia Sørensen, Berit L Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with obesity, and this association may be modified by a genetic predisposition to obesity. OBJECTIVE: We examined the interactions between a molecular genetic predisposition to various aspects of obesity and the consumption of soft drinks, which are a major part of sugar-sweetened beverages, in relation to changes in adiposity measures. DESIGN: A total of 4765 individuals were included in the study...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
A Narain, C S Kwok, M A Mamas
BACKGROUND: Soft drink consumption is associated with adverse health behaviours that predispose to adverse cardiovascular risk factor profiles; however, it is unclear whether their intake independently leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate this. METHODS: Medline and EMBASE were searched in July 2015 for studies that considered soft drink intake and risk of mortality, myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke...
July 25, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Martijn B Katan, Janne C de Ruyter, Lothar D J Kuijper, Carson C Chow, Kevin D Hall, Margreet R Olthof
BACKGROUND: Substituting sugar-free for sugar-sweetened beverages reduces weight gain. This effect may be more pronounced in children with a high body mass index (BMI) because their sensing of kilocalories might be compromised. We investigated the impact of sugar-free versus sugary drinks separately in children with a higher and a lower initial BMI z score, and predicted caloric intakes and degree of compensation in the two groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a secondary, explorative analysis of our double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) which showed that replacement of one 250-mL sugary drink per day by a sugar-free drink for 18 months significantly reduced weight gain...
2016: PloS One
C M Jones
The unexpected announcement by the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer of a levy on sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) on the 16 March 2016, should be welcomed by all health professionals. This population based, structural intervention sends a strong message that there is no place for carbonated drinks, neither sugared nor sugar-free, in a healthy diet and the proposed levy has the potential to contribute to both general and dental health. The sugar content of drinks exempt from the proposed sugar levy will still cause tooth decay...
July 22, 2016: British Dental Journal
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