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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900447/controversies-about-sugars-results-from-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-on-obesity-cardiometabolic-disease-and-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Tauseef A Khan, John L Sievenpiper
Fructose-containing sugars are a focus of attention as a public health target for their putative role in obesity and cardiometabolic disease including diabetes. The fructose moiety is singled out to be the primary driver for the harms of sugars due to its unique endocrine signal and pathophysiological role. However, this is only supported by ecological studies, animal models of overfeeding and select human intervention studies with supraphysiological doses or lack of control for energy. The highest level of evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of controlled trials has not shown that fructose-containing sugars behave any differently from other forms of digestible carbohydrates...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886383/permanent-tooth-loss-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-u-s-young-adults
#2
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Mei Lin
OBJECTIVE: In young adults, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with dental caries, which in turn is a major contributor to tooth loss. The independent role of SSB intake on tooth loss, however, has not been well-described. This cross-sectional study examined associations between tooth loss and SSB intake among U.S. young adults. METHODS: The outcome was number of permanent teeth lost because of dental caries or periodontal disease (0, 1-5, ≥6 teeth)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848976/tea-induced-calmness-sugar-sweetened-tea-calms-consumers-exposed-to-acute-stressor
#3
Shilpa S Samant, Katherine Wilkes, Zephania Odek, Han-Seok Seo
The food and beverage industry has been increasingly replacing sugar with non-nutritive sweeteners in their sweetened products to control or reduce total calories. Research comparing the effect of nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners on emotional state of participants exposed to acute stressors is still limited. This study aimed to determine the effect of drinking tea sweetened with either a nutritive sweetener (sugar) or a non-nutritive sweetener (sucralose or stevia) on emotional state, in terms of calmness and pleasantness, of participants exposed to an acute stressor...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812518/associations-of-obesity-and-dyslipidemia-with-intake-of-sodium-fat-and-sugar-among-koreans-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#4
Yoon Jung Kang, Hye Won Wang, Se Young Cheon, Hwa Jung Lee, Kyung Mi Hwang, Hae Seong Yoon
A qualitative systematic review was performed to identify associations of obesity and dyslipidemia with intake of sodium, fat, and sugar among Koreans. We reviewed 6 Korean research databases (KMbase, KoreaMed, NDSL, DBpia, RISS, KISS) with the keywords "sodium intake," "fat intake," and "sugar intake." Total of 11 studies were investigated in this present study. Of these articles, 7 studies were related to sodium intake, 2 studies had a relation to fat intake, and 2 studies were associated with sugar intake...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809239/substitution-models-of-water-for-other-beverages-and-the-incidence-of-obesity-and-weight-gain-in-the-sun-cohort
#5
Ujué Fresán, Alfredo Gea, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Miguel A Martínez-Gonzalez
Obesity is a major epidemic for developed countries in the 21st century. The main cause of obesity is energy imbalance, of which contributing factors include a sedentary lifestyle, epigenetic factors and excessive caloric intake through food and beverages. A high consumption of caloric beverages, such as alcoholic or sweetened drinks, may particularly contribute to weight gain, and lower satiety has been associated with the intake of liquid instead of solid calories. Our objective was to evaluate the association between the substitution of a serving per day of water for another beverage (or group of them) and the incidence of obesity and weight change in a Mediterranean cohort, using mathematical models...
October 31, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768909/high-fructose-corn-syrup-55-consumption-alters-hepatic-lipid-metabolism-and-promotes-triglyceride-accumulation
#6
Kaitlin Mock, Sundus Lateef, Vagner A Benedito, Janet C Tou
High-fructose corn syrup-55 (HFCS-55) has been suggested to be more lipogenic than sucrose, which increases the risk for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and dyslipidemia. The study objectives were to determine the effects of drinking different sugar-sweetened solutions on hepatic gene expression in relation to liver fatty acid composition and risk of NAFLD. Female rats were randomly assigned (n=7 rats/group) to drink water or water sweetened with 13% (w/v) HFCS-55, sucrose or fructose for 8 weeks. Rats drinking HFCS-55 solution had the highest (P=...
January 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735891/tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-spain
#7
Vicente Ortún, Beatriz G López-Valcárcel, Jaime Pinilla
This article provides a critical review about the challenges that taxes on sugary drinks as an instrument of health policy must face to reverse the trend of the current epidemics of obesity. We analyzed the experiences of the leading countries, particularly Mexico, and reflect on the counterweight exerted by the industry against obesity policies, and on the power of lobbyists. Those tax policies for public health have to overcome the enormous strength of the industry, which is exerted in several-science and research, brand reputation, influence on regulators-levels...
October 13, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702688/performance-of-several-saccharomyces-strains-for-the-alcoholic-fermentation-of-sugar-sweetened-high-strength-wastewaters-comparative-analysis-and-kinetic-modelling
#8
Raúl N Comelli, Lisandro G Seluy, Miguel A Isla
This work focuses on the performance of ten commercial Saccharomyces yeast strains in the batch alcoholic fermentation of sugars contained in selected industrial wastewaters from the soft drink industry. Fermentation has been applied successfully to treat these effluents prior to their disposal. Although many strains were investigated, similar behaviour was observed between all of the Saccharomyces strains tested. When media were inoculated with 2gL(-1) of yeast, all strains were able to completely consume the available sugars in less than 14h...
December 25, 2016: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698963/perception-of-sugar-reduction-nutrition-education-and-frequency-of-snacking-in-children-by-the-self-perceived-sweet-dietary-habits-of-mothers-in-busan
#9
Jee-Young Yeon, Soon-Kyu Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the perception of sugar reduction, nutrition education, and frequency of snacking in children according to the self-perceived dietary preferences for sweet taste by mothers in Busan. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 277 mothers were surveyed, and their perceptions of sugar reduction and the frequency of snacking in children were assessed using a questionnaire. The subjects were classified into either a sweet (n = 91) or an unsweet (n = 186) group according to their self-perceived preferences for a sweet taste...
October 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620644/african-american-and-hispanic-children-s-beverage-intake-differences-in-associations-with-desire-to-drink-fathers-feeding-practices-and-weight-concerns
#10
Karina R Lora, Laura Hubbs-Tait, Ann M Ferris, Dorothy Wakefield
Relationships of African-American and Hispanic fathers' feeding practices and weight concerns and preschoolers' desire to drink with children's beverage intake were examined, and associations between fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status were evaluated. Fathers' (Hispanic n = 61, African-American n = 49) difficulty in child feeding, use of food to calm, use of food as reward, and concern about the child being under and overweight as well as their child's desire to drink were assessed. Preschoolers' (ages 2 to 5) total sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), fruit juice, and water intake were measured by a modified beverage intake questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618089/the-diet-quality-of-competitive-adolescent-male-rugby-union-players-with-energy-balance-estimated-using-different-physical-activity-coefficients
#11
Tracy Burrows, Simon K Harries, Rebecca L Williams, Cheryl Lum, Robin Callister
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to comprehensively assess the dietary intakes and diet quality of a sample of Australian competitive adolescent rugby union players and compare these intakes with National and Sports Dietitians Association (SDA) Recommendations for adolescent athletes. A secondary aim investigated applying different physical activity level (PAL) coefficients to determine total energy expenditure (TEE) in order to more effectively evaluate the adequacy of energy intakes...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617366/the-influence-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-warnings-a-randomized-trial-of-adolescents-choices-and-beliefs
#12
Eric M VanEpps, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: California, New York, and the cities of San Francisco and Baltimore have introduced bills requiring health-related warning labels for sugar-sweetened beverages. This study measures the extent to which these warning labels influence adolescents' beliefs and hypothetical choices. DESIGN: Participants completed an online survey in which they chose a beverage in a hypothetical vending machine task, rated perceptions of different beverages, and indicated interest in coupons for beverages...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609603/food-and-drink-consumption-among-1-5-year-old-los-angeles-county-children-from-households-receiving-dual-snap-and-wic-v-only-wic-benefits
#13
Jane Liu, Tony Kuo, Lu Jiang, Brenda Robles, Shannon E Whaley
OBJECTIVE: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are two of the more well-known food assistance programmes in the USA. The current study describes food consumption patterns of children aged 1-5 years living in households dually enrolled in these two programmes v. households enrolled only in WIC. DESIGN: Food consumption and SNAP participation were assessed using data from the 2014 Survey of Los Angeles County (LAC) WIC Participants and the Follow-Up Survey of the same households that were also SNAP beneficiaries...
September 9, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580589/effects-of-plain-packaging-warning-labels-and-taxes-on-young-people-s-predicted-sugar-sweetened-beverage-preferences-an-experimental-study
#14
Tessa Bollard, Ninya Maubach, Natalie Walker, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with increased risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease and dental caries. Our aim was to assess the effects of plain packaging, warning labels, and a 20 % tax on predicted SSB preferences, beliefs and purchase probabilities amongst young people. METHODS: A 2 × 3 × 2 between-group experimental study was conducted over a one-week period in August 2014. Intervention scenarios were delivered, and outcome data collected, via an anonymous online survey...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559316/cerebro-and-cardio-vascular-responses-to-energy-drink-in-young-adults-is-there-a-gender-effect
#15
Cathríona R Monnard, Jean-Pierre Montani, Erik K Grasser
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Energy drinks (EDs) are suspected to induce potential adverse cardiovascular effects and have recently been shown to reduce cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in young, healthy subjects. Gender differences in CBFV in response to EDs have not previously been investigated, despite the fact that women are more prone to cardiovascular disturbances such as neurocardiogenic syncope than men. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore gender differences in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular responses to EDs...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554270/assessing-initial-validity-and-reliability-of-a-beverage-intake-questionnaire-in-hispanic-preschool-aged-children
#16
Karina R Lora, Brenda Davy, Valisa Hedrick, Ann M Ferris, Michael P Anderson, Dorothy Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationship between high-calorie beverage consumption and weight gain requires an accurate report of dietary intake. A critical need exists to develop and test the psychometrics of brief quantitative tools for minority pediatric populations. OBJECTIVE: To modify the adult beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ-15) for Hispanic preschool-aged children (BEVQ-PS) and test its validity and test-retest reliability in children aged 3 to 5 years...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547718/temporal-changes-in-sugar-sweetened-soft-drink-intake-and-variation-across-municipalities-in-the-capital-region-of-denmark
#17
Kamille Almer Bernsdorf, Cathrine Juel Lau, Kirstine Robinson, Ulla Toft, Anne Helms Andreasen, Charlotte Glümer
We aimed to examine the changes in sugar-sweetened soft drink intake across the Capital Region of Denmark from 2007 to 2013 and to examine the association between intake and neighbourhood socioeconomic status. The study included data from three health surveys in 2007 (n = 30,426), 2010 (n = 42,218) and 2013 (n = 34,330) in the Capital Region of Denmark. Frequency of soft drink intake was derived from questionnaires among residents aged 25-79 years and linked with information from central registers. Municipality social groups (MSG) 1-4 of decreasing affluence were defined as a composite measure...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532758/changes-in-beverage-consumption-among-adolescents-from-public-schools-in-the-first-decade-of-the-century-xxi
#18
Luana Silva Monteiro, Thaís Meirelles de Vasconcelos, Gloria Valéria da Veiga, Rosângela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in beverage consumption among adolescents between 2003 and 2008. METHODS: Two school-based cross-sectional studies were carried out with public school students (12 to 19 years-old) from Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Data from three food records were used to estimate daily, weekdays and weekend average consumption (volume and percent contribution for total daily energy intake) of milk and milk-based beverages, sugar sweetened beverages, fresh squeezed fruit juices, caffeinated and alcoholic beverages...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510540/sweet-beverage-consumption-and-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic
#19
Eva M Navarrete-Muñoz, Petra A Wark, Dora Romaguera, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Dominique Michaud, Esther Molina-Montes, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Guy Fagherazzi, Verena A Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Annika Steffen, Antonia Trichopoulou, Eleni Klinaki, Eleni-Maria Papatesta, Giovanna Masala, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Alessio Naccarati, Amalia Mattiello, Petra H Peeters, Charlotta Rylander, Christine L Parr, Guri Skeie, Elisabete Weiderpass, J Ramón Quirós, Eric J Duell, Miren Dorronsoro, José María Huerta, Eva Ardanaz, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Tim Key, Magdalena Stepien, Heinz Freisling, Elio Riboli, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita
BACKGROUND: The consumption of sweet beverages has been associated with greater risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity, which may be involved in the development of pancreatic cancer. Therefore, it has been hypothesized that sweet beverages may increase pancreatic cancer risk as well. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between sweet-beverage consumption (including total, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened soft drink and juice and nectar consumption) and pancreatic cancer risk...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496394/association-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-frequency-and-asthma-among-u-s-adults-2013
#20
Sohyun Park, Lara J Akinbami, Lisa C McGuire, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVES: Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among U.S. adults is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. An association between SSB intake and asthma has been shown among U.S. children and Australian adults, but scant published information exists for U.S. adults. We examined associations between SSB intake and current asthma among U.S. adults, and the role of obesity in this association. METHODS: We analyzed 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 146,990 adults (≥18years) from 23 states and the District of Columbia...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
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