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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779507/examining-associations-between-school-food-environment-characteristics-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-canadian-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#1
Katelyn M Godin, Ashok Chaurasia, David Hammond, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between Canadian adolescents' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and several school food environment characteristics, and to investigate differences in these characteristics between schools in provinces with voluntary (Alberta) v. mandatory (Ontario) provincial school nutrition policies. DESIGN: We used a questionnaire to assess the number of weekdays participants consumed three SSB categories (soft drinks, sweetened coffees/teas, energy drinks) and various sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779494/not-so-sweet-refrain-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes-industry-opposition-and-harnessing-the-lessons-learned-from-tobacco-control-legal-challenges
#2
Anita George
As a growing number of countries implement, or announce plans to introduce, a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax, this paper explores the public health rationale for such a tax and provides an overview of the international normative and policy instruments supporting the introduction of fiscal measures on sugary drinks. After examining parallels between the legal arguments raised by the food and beverage industry in opposition to SSB taxes and those raised by the tobacco industry in response to tobacco control measures, this paper draws four key lessons that will assist countries to design effective and robust SSB tax measures and counter food and beverage industry opposition: regulatory distinctions in tax coverage should be based on bona fide, evidence-based reasoning; evidence-based measures need to be tailored to a country's public health objectives as part of a comprehensive strategy to address unhealthy diet consumption; procedural requirements and due process should be observed in the drafting and implementation of the measure; and regulatory space exists within domestic constitutions, laws and international trade and investment agreements recognising the sovereign right of states to regulate in the interests of public health...
May 21, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776786/increases-in-sugary-drink-marketing-during-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-benefit-issuance-in-new-york
#3
Alyssa J Moran, Aviva Musicus, Mary T Gorski Findling, Ian F Brissette, Ann A Lowenfels, S V Subramanian, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program, providing $67 billion in benefits to 44 million Americans. Some states distribute SNAP benefits over one or a few days each month, which may create an incentive for retailers to heavily promote top-selling products, like sugar-sweetened beverages, when benefits are disbursed. METHODS: A beverage environment scan assessing presence of displays, advertisements, and price promotions for sugar-sweetened, low-calorie, and unsweetened beverages was administered in a census of SNAP-authorized beverage retailers (n=630) in three cities in New York from November to September 2011...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759097/the-effect-of-proportional-v-value-pricing-on-fountain-drink-purchases-results-from-a-field-experiment
#4
Sarah E Gollust, Xuyang Tang, Carlisle Ford Runge, Simone A French, Alexander J Rothman
OBJECTIVE: Reducing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is a public health priority, yet finding an effective and acceptable policy intervention is challenging. One strategy is to use proportional pricing (a consistent price per fluid ounce) instead of the typical value-priced approach where large beverages offer better value. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether proportional pricing affects the purchasing of fountain beverages at a university cinema concession stand...
May 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756984/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-obesity-in-children-s-meta-analyses-reaching-wrong-answers-for-right-questions
#5
Mariela Nissensohn, Daniel Fuentes Lugo, Lluis Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: Recent studies assert that sugar-containing drinks may play a key role in the etiology of obesity. However, scientific reviews show contradictory results. Whether there is just association or clear causation still is a matter of debate. It is also subject to discussion whether the quality/adequacy of the different studies may influence their outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the most recent scientific evidence focused on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and child obesity and to further analyze the adequacy of the meta-analyses in terms of their results, with special emphasis in the methodology, clarity and transparence of their procedures...
April 4, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747519/knowledge-of-health-conditions-associated-with-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-low-among-us-hispanic-adults
#6
Sohyun Park, Guadalupe X Ayala, Joseph R Sharkey, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations between knowledge of health conditions and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among Hispanic adults. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The 2015 Estilos survey data. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand US Hispanic adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: The outcome variable was frequency of SSB intake (regular soda, fruit drink, sports/energy drink, and sweetened coffee/tea drink)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735573/adolescent-consumption-of-sports-drinks
#7
Kyla Cordrey, Sarah A Keim, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
BACKGROUND: Sports drinks are aggressively marketed to teenagers to replenish fluids and/or electrolytes. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, typical adolescent physical activity does not require sports drink rehydration. Given US obesity rates and that sugar-sweetened sports drinks add superfluous calories to the diet, it is important to assess adolescent sports drink consumption and changes over time. METHODS: Researchers in the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey and 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey collected nationally representative samples of US high school students about sports drink consumption...
May 7, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729502/sucrose-or-sucrose-and-caffeine-differentially-impact-memory-and-anxiety-like-behaviours-and-alter-hippocampal-parvalbumin-and-doublecortin
#8
Tanya J Xu, Amy C Reichelt
Caffeinated sugar-sweetened "energy" drinks are a subset of soft drinks that are popular among young people worldwide. High sucrose diets impair cognition and alter aspects of emotional behaviour in rats, however, little is known about sucrose combined with caffeine. Rats were allocated to 2 h/day 10% sucrose (Suc), 10% sucrose plus 0.04% caffeine (CafSuc) or control (water) conditions. The addition of caffeine to sucrose appeared to increase the rewarding aspect of sucrose, as the CafSuc group consumed more solution than the Suc group...
April 11, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707530/shape-up-and-eat-right-families-pilot-program-feasibility-of-a-weight-management-shared-medical-appointment-model-in-african-americans-with-obesity-at-an-urban-academic-medical-center
#9
Gitanjali Srivastava, Kenya D Palmer, Kathy A Ireland, Ashley C McCarthy, Kate E Donovan, Aaron J Manders, Juhee McDougal, Carine M Lenders, Caroline M Apovian
Objectives: Disparities in obesity care exist among African-American children and adults. We sought to test the feasibility of a pilot program, a 1-year family-based intervention for African-American families with obesity [shape up and eat right (SUPER)], adopting the shared medical appointment model (SMA) at an urban safety net hospital. Outcomes: Primary outcomes: (1) family attendance rate and (2) program satisfaction. Secondary outcomes: change in body mass index (BMI), eating behaviors, and sedentary activity...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695387/controlled-cohort-evaluation-of-the-livelighter-mass-media-campaign-s-impact-on-adults-reported-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#10
Belinda C Morley, Philippa H Niven, Helen G Dixon, Maurice G Swanson, Alison B McAleese, Melanie A Wakefield
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the LiveLighter 'Sugary Drinks' campaign impact on awareness, knowledge and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. DESIGN: Cohort study with population surveys undertaken in intervention and comparison states at baseline (n=900 each), with 78% retention at follow-up (intervention: n=673; comparison: n=730). Analyses tested interactions by state (intervention, comparison) and time (baseline, follow-up). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 25-49 years residing in the Australian states of Victoria and South Australia...
April 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694364/capturing-multi-stage-fuzzy-uncertainties-in-hybrid-system-dynamics-and-agent-based-models-for-enhancing-policy-implementation-in-health-systems-research
#11
Shiyong Liu, Konstantinos P Triantis, Li Zhao, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: In practical research, it was found that most people made health-related decisions not based on numerical data but on perceptions. Examples include the perceptions and their corresponding linguistic values of health risks such as, smoking, syringe sharing, eating energy-dense food, drinking sugar-sweetened beverages etc. For the sake of understanding the mechanisms that affect the implementations of health-related interventions, we employ fuzzy variables to quantify linguistic variable in healthcare modeling where we employ an integrated system dynamics and agent-based model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690871/association-of-food-security-status-with-overweight-and-dietary-intake-exploration-of-white-british-and-pakistani-origin-families-in-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#12
T C Yang, P Sahota, K E Pickett, M Bryant
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity has been associated with dietary intake and weight status in UK adults and children although results have been mixed and ethnicity has not been explored. We aimed to compare prevalence and trajectories of weight and dietary intakes among food secure and insecure White British and Pakistani-origin families. METHODS: At 12 months postpartum, mothers in the Born in Bradford cohort completed a questionnaire on food security status and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) assessing their child's intake in the previous month; at 18 months postpartum, mothers completed a short-form FFQ assessing dietary intake in the previous 12 months...
April 24, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681250/sleep-patterns-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-children-from-around-the-world
#13
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between objectively measured sleep patterns (sleep duration, sleep efficiency and bedtime) and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption (regular soft drinks, energy drinks, sports drinks and fruit juice) among children from all inhabited continents of the world. DESIGN: Multinational, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE)...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659683/review-of-100-fruit-juice-and-chronic-health-conditions-implications-for-sugar-sweetened-beverage-policy
#14
Brandon J Auerbach, Sepideh Dibey, Petra Vallila-Buchman, Mario Kratz, James Krieger
Whether or not drinking 100% fruit juice causes poor health is controversial. Although 100% fruit juice may contain as much sugar as regular soda, it provides needed nutrients to Americans' diets. We systematically reviewed the current evidence of the association of 100% fruit juice consumption and chronic health conditions in children and adults. We focused on data from systematic reviews and meta-analyses about cardiometabolic health outcomes, liver disease, and caries. Aside from increased risk of tooth decay in children and small amounts of weight gain in young children and adults, there is no conclusive evidence that consumption of 100% fruit juice has adverse health effects...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659041/association-of-added-sugar-intake-and-caries-related-experiences-among-individuals-of-mexican-origin
#15
S Vega-López, N M Lindberg, G J Eckert, E L Nicholson, G Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association between key dental outcomes and added sugar intake using a survey instrument to assess added sugars, which was specifically tailored to immigrant and US-born adults of Mexican origin. METHODS: Hispanic adults of Mexican origin (n = 326; 36.2 ± 12.1 years) completed a self-administered survey to gather acculturation, self-reported dental experiences and self-care practices (eg brushing, flossing, pain, bleeding gums), and socio-demographic information...
April 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642527/fluid-intake-and-beverage-consumption-description-and-their-association-with-dietary-vitamins-and-antioxidant-compounds-in-italian-adults-from-the-mediterranean-healthy-eating-aging-and-lifestyles-meal-study
#16
Armando Platania, Dora Castiglione, Dario Sinatra, Maurizio D' Urso, Marina Marranzano
The aim of the present study was to investigate the total water intake (TWI) from drinks and foods and to evaluate the correlation between the different types of drinks on energy and antioxidant intake. The cohort comprised 1602 individuals from the city of Catania in Southern Italy. A food frequency questionnaire was administered to assess dietary and water intake. The mean total water intake was 2.7 L; more than about two thirds of the sample met the European recommendations for water intake. Water and espresso coffee were the most consumed drinks...
April 9, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629380/association-of-sugary-foods-and-drinks-consumption-with-behavioral-risk-and-oral-health-status-of-12-and-15-year-old-indian-school-children
#17
Kailash Asawa, Nandini Sen, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Pratibha Sultane, Vishal Patil
AIM: This study aims to assess the association of sugary foods and drinks consumption with behavioral risk and oral health status of 12- and 15-year-old government school children in Udaipur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among of 12- and 15-year-old government schoolchildren of Udaipur. A survey pro forma designed based on HBSC (Health behaviour in School-aged Children) study protocol and WHO Oral Health Assessment Form for Children (2013) was used...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618222/adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-associated-with-parent-intake-not-knowledge-of-health-risks
#18
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Stephen Onufrak, Solveig Cunningham, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake with parent SSB intake and parent and adolescent knowledge of SSB-related health risks. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional. SETTING: 2014 SummerStyles survey. SUBJECTS: Nine hundred and ninety parent and adolescent (12-17 years) pairs. MEASURES: The outcome was self-reported adolescent intake (0, >0 to <1, or ≥1 time/day) of SSBs (soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, other SSBs)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597308/-obesogenic-school-food-environments-an-urban-case-study-in-the-netherlands
#19
Joris Timmermans, Coosje Dijkstra, Carlijn Kamphuis, Marlijn Huitink, Egbert van der Zee, Maartje Poelman
(1) Background: This study aimed to explore and define socio-economic (SES) differences in urban school food environments in The Netherlands. (2) Methods: Retail food outlets, ready-to-eat products, in-store food promotions and food advertisements in public space were determined within 400 m walking distance of all secondary schools in the 4th largest city of The Netherlands. Fisher's exact tests were conducted. (3) Results: In total, 115 retail outlets sold ready-to-eat food and drink products during school hours...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575214/the-relationship-between-process-use-and-stage-of-change-for-sugary-drinks
#20
A S Cook, F O'Leary, M Allman-Farinelli
BACKGROUND: Decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption may reduce obesity and obesity-related diseases. To better understand what processes could facilitate a reduction in sugary beverage intake, we examined the relationship between stage-of-change and use of 10 processes of change. Secondarily, reliability of the measure was assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, using a newly developed stage-of-change and process of change questionnaire...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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