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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134763/trends-in-beverage-consumption-among-children-and-adults-2003-2014
#1
Sara N Bleich, Kelsey A Vercammen, Jonathan Wyatt Koma, Zhonghe Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide the most recent national estimates for beverage consumption among children and adults in the United States. METHODS: Dietary data were collected from 18,600 children aged 2 to 19 years and from 27,652 adults aged ≥ 20 years in the 2003 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Total beverage and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption was measured by 24-hour dietary recall. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, per capita consumption of all beverages declined significantly among children (473...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130068/diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-in-primary-care-patients-with-recent-intentional-weight-loss
#2
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Dana Tudorascu, Cindy L Bryce, Diane Comer, Gary S Fischer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly A Huber, Kathleen M McTigue, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Molly B Conroy
Purpose: Lifestyle habits of primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss are unclear and need to be better understood to aid in translational health promotion efforts. We aimed to characterize diet and exercise habits in primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss, comparing those with greater (≥10%) vs. lesser (5 to <10%) weight loss. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized trial comparing weight loss maintenance interventions...
2017: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121793/total-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-us-adults-was-lower-when-measured-using-a-1-question-versus-4-question-screener
#3
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Carrie Dooyema, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To compare the performance of a 1-question survey screener measuring total sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake to a screener measuring SSB types separately using 4 questions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Web-based 2014 SummerStyles survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4167 US adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: Frequency of SSB intake measured using a 1-question screener was compared to frequency using a 4-question screener (regular soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, sweetened coffee/tea)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099817/effectiveness-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-taxes-to-reduce-obesity-evidence-based-policy-brief
#4
Josefina Bascuñán, Cristóbal Cuadrado
The high prevalence of obesity in Chile, along with the increasing consumption of sugary drinks in the country, has made apparent the need to propose fiscal measures, through taxes on specific foods, as a complementary alternative to approach this problem. Since 2014, an additional 5% increase in the tax on sugar-sweetened nonalcoholic beverages has been in effect in Chile, an amount that may be insufficient to produce an impact on obesity levels. The evidence of the effectiveness of fiscal measures upon sugary beverages, in terms of price modification, generally reflects a high transfer of the tax to the final consumers, which is variable according to local conditions...
October 25, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098321/sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-associations-with-fasting-glucose-and-insulin-concentrations-are-not-modified-by-selected-genetic-variants-in-a-chrebp-fgf21-pathway-a-meta-analysis
#5
Nicola M McKeown, Hassan S Dashti, Jiantao Ma, Danielle E Haslam, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Caren E Smith, Toshiko Tanaka, Mariaelisa Graff, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Denis Rybin, Emily Sonestedt, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Yanping Li, Carol A Wang, Elisabeth T M Leermakers, Vera Mikkilä, Kristin L Young, Kenneth J Mukamal, L Adrienne Cupples, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Tzu-An Chen, Ruifang Li-Gao, Tao Huang, Wendy H Oddy, Olli Raitakari, Kenneth Rice, James B Meigs, Ulrika Ericson, Lyn M Steffen, Frits R Rosendaal, Albert Hofman, Mika Kähönen, Bruce M Psaty, Louise Brunkwall, Andre G Uitterlinden, Jorma Viikari, David S Siscovick, Ilkka Seppälä, Kari E North, Dariush Mozaffarian, Josée Dupuis, Marju Orho-Melander, Stephen S Rich, Renée de Mutsert, Lu Qi, Craig E Pennell, Oscar H Franco, Terho Lehtimäki, Mark A Herman
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major dietary contributor to fructose intake. A molecular pathway involving the carbohydrate responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) and the metabolic hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) may influence sugar metabolism and, thereby, contribute to fructose-induced metabolic disease. We hypothesise that common variants in 11 genes involved in fructose metabolism and the ChREBP-FGF21 pathway may interact with SSB intake to exacerbate positive associations between higher SSB intake and glycaemic traits...
November 2, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096651/obstacles-to-preventing-obesity-in-children-aged-2-to-5%C3%A2-years-latino-mothers-and-fathers-experiences-and-perceptions-of-their-urban-environments
#6
Carlos Penilla, Jeanne M Tschann, Emma V Sanchez-Vaznaugh, Elena Flores, Emily J Ozer
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity among Latino children is alarmingly high, when compared to non-Latino White children. Low-income Latino parents living in urban areas, even if they are well-educated, face obstacles that shape familial health behaviors. This study used qualitative methods to explore parents' experiences in providing meals and opportunities to play to their children aged 2 to 5 years. In contrast to most prior studies, this study examined perceptions of familial behaviors among both mothers and fathers...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072604/do-preschools-offer-healthy-beverages-to-children-a-nationwide-study-in-poland
#7
Joanna Myszkowska-Ryciak, Anna Harton
BACKGROUND: Children's beverage consumption patterns have received increased attention in light of the obesity epidemic in this group. In day care centers (DCCs), children spend up to 10 h a day, and typically consume half to three quarters of their daily food intake. The purpose of the study was to investigate what beverages are typically served to children in preschools in Poland, and to evaluate the practices associated with adding sugar and other sweetening agents to beverages. METHODS: Direct interviews with preschools staff were conducted with a questionnaire regarding offered beverages and adding sugar and other sweetening agents...
October 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072154/where-are-the-low-calorie-sweeteners-an-analysis-of-the-presence-and-types-of-low-calorie-sweeteners-in-packaged-foods-sold-in-brazil-from-food-labelling
#8
Luiza Dos Santos Figueiredo, Tailane Scapin, Ana Carolina Fernandes, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) may be associated with harmful health effects. The current study investigated the presence and types of LCS added to packaged foods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing the presence and types of LCS in the ingredients lists of packaged foods sold at a major Brazilian supermarket. To identify types of LCS allowed for use in foods in Brazil, current legislation was consulted. Data were organised and analysed through descriptive statistics, presenting simple and relative frequencies of LCS presence categorised by food group...
October 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065527/factors-influencing-early-feeding-of-foods-and-drinks-containing-free-sugars-a-birth-cohort-study
#9
Diep H Ha, Loc G Do, Andrew John Spencer, William Murray Thomson, Rebecca K Golley, Andrew J Rugg-Gunn, Steven M Levy, Jane A Scott
Early feeding of free sugars to young children can increase the preference for sweetness and the risk of consuming a cariogenic diet high in free sugars later in life. This study aimed to investigate early life factors influencing early introduction of foods/drinks containing free sugars. Data from an ongoing population-based birth cohort study in Australia were used. Mothers of newborn children completed questionnaires at birth and subsequently at ages 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. The outcome was reported feeding (Yes/No) at age 6-9 months of common foods/drinks sources of free sugars (hereafter referred as foods/drinks with free sugars)...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061203/exploring-perceptions-of-the-mexican-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-among-adolescents-in-north-west-mexico-a-qualitative-study
#10
Ana G Ortega-Avila, Angeliki Papadaki, Russell Jago
OBJECTIVE: To explore awareness and perceptions of the sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax implemented in Mexico in 2014 among a sample of Mexican adolescents, and to investigate how the tax has affected their purchases and intake of SSB. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in April-May 2016. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. SUBJECTS: Adolescents residing in north-west Mexico (n 29, 55·2 % females), aged 15-19 years...
October 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965176/influence-of-rice-pea-and-oat-proteins-in-attenuating-glycemic-response-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#11
Sze-Yen Tan, Phei Ching Siow, Elaine Peh, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
PURPOSE: Liquids have higher ingestion and gastric-emptying rates, resulting in rapid glycemic response. They are also less satiating than solid foods. This study examined if the addition of plant proteins alter postprandial glucose, insulin, triglycerides, glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), glycogen-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and appetitive responses to a sugar-sweetened beverage. METHODS: This was a randomized, crossover acute feeding study consisting of four treatments: chocolate beverage alone (50 g carbohydrate), or added with 24 g oat, pea or rice proteins...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956823/sugar-and-intense-sweetened-drinks-in-australia-a-systematic-review-on-cardiometabolic-risk
#12
REVIEW
Erin Hoare, Pia Varsamis, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Garry L Jennings, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are consumed globally, and have been associated with adverse health outcomes, including weight gain, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is global variation in beverage formulation in terms of glucose and fructose concentration, which may pose unique health risks linked to glycemic control for Australian consumers. However, previous systematic reviews have overlooked Australian-based literature. A systematic review was performed to synthesise evidence for the associations between consumption of SSBs and intense-sweetened beverages with clinical cardiometabolic risk factors in the Australian population...
September 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955704/busting-the-baby-teeth-myth-and-increasing-children-s-consumption-of-tap-water-building-public-will-for-children-s-oral-health-in-colorado
#13
Wyatt C Hornsby, William Bailey, Patricia A Braun, Karl Weiss, James Heichelbech
QUESTION: Can a multifaceted statewide communications campaign motivate behavior change in low-income Colorado families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase children's consumption of tap water to prevent tooth decay? PURPOSE: Caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting 40% of kindergartners and 55% of third graders in Colorado. Frequent consumption of 100% fruit juice is linked to childhood caries. The purpose of this campaign, "Cavities Get Around," was to motivate families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase consumption of tap water to protect baby teeth from caries, while also building public will for children's oral health...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947838/food-and-beverage-television-advertising-exposure-and-youth-consumption-body-mass-index-and-adiposity-outcomes
#14
Lisa M Powell, Roy Wada, Tamkeen Khan, Sherry L Emery
This study examined the relationships between exposure to food and beverage product television advertisements and consumption and obesity outcomes among youth. Individual-level data on fast-food and soft drink consumption and body mass index (BMI) for young adolescents from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study - Kindergarten Cohort (1998-1999) and adiposity measures for children from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2004) were combined with designated market area (DMA) Nielsen media advertising ratings data...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Economics. Revue Canadienne D'économique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936402/oral-co-administration-of-soy-derived-extracts-with-alcohol-or-with-sugar-sweetened-beverages-exerts-liver-and-sugar-protective-effects
#15
Tawfik Khoury, Devorah Rotnemer-Golinkin, Yehudit Shabat, Lidya Zolotarovya, Yaron Ilan
Background and Aims: Both alcoholic drinks and high sugar-containing soft drinks cause major health problems worldwide. Oral administration of OS and M1 soy-derived extracts has been shown to alleviate liver injury in animal models. The aim of the present study was to determine the liver- and sugar-protective effect of OS and M1 soy-derived extracts when added to alcohol and sugar-enriched drinks. Methods: Mice were treated with alcohol or high sugar-containing drinks, with and without administration of a combination of OS and M1 soy extracts...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#16
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889856/foods-and-beverages-available-at-snap-authorized-drugstores-in-sections%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-north%C3%A2-carolina
#17
Elizabeth F Racine, Ashley Kennedy, Ameena Batada, Mary Story
OBJECTIVE: To assess healthy food availability in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-authorized drugstores by store chain and neighborhood income level in 3 regions of North Carolina. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. SETTING: Twenty-five counties in North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 108 drugstores (36 CVS Health, 36 Rite Aid, and 36 Walgreens). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fifty foods and beverages offered at drugstores, categorized as healthier and less healthy...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882121/evaluation-of-a-peer-education-program-on-student-leaders-energy-balance-related-behaviors
#18
B C Foley, V A Shrewsbury, L L Hardy, V M Flood, K Byth, S Shah
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported energy balance-related behavior (EBRB) change for peer leaders delivering health promotion programs to younger students in secondary schools. Our study assessed the impact of the Students As LifeStyle Activists (SALSA) program on SALSA peer leaders' EBRBs, and their intentions regarding these behaviors. METHODS: We used a pre-post study design to assess changes in EBRBs and intentions of Year 10 secondary school students (15-16 year olds) who volunteered to be peer leaders to deliver the SALSA program to Year 8 students (13-14 year olds)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870846/retailer-led-sugar-sweetened-beverage-price-increase-reduces-purchases-in-a-hospital-convenience-store-in-melbourne-australia-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#19
Miranda R Blake, Anna Peeters, Emily Lancsar, Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Kirstan Corben, Christopher E Stevenson, Claire Palermo, Kathryn Backholer
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence has been gathered on the real-world impact of sugar-sweetened beverage price changes on purchasing behavior over time or in community-retail settings. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine changes in beverage purchases, business outcomes, and customer and retailer satisfaction associated with a retailer-led sugar-sweetened beverage price increase in a convenience store. We hypothesized that purchases of less-healthy beverages would decrease compared to predicted sales...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864259/perceived-impact-of-smaller-compared-with-larger-sized-bottles-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-consumption-a-qualitative-analysis
#20
Eleni Mantzari, Gareth J Hollands, Rachel Pechey, Susan Jebb, Theresa M Marteau
Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases obesity risk and is linked to adverse health consequences. Large packages increase food consumption, but most evidence comes from studies comparing larger with standard packages, resulting in uncertainty regarding the impact of smaller packages. There is also little research on beverages. This qualitative study explores the experiences of consuming cola from smaller compared with larger bottles, to inform intervention strategies. Sixteen households in Cambridge, England, participating in a feasibility study assessing the impact of bottle size on in-home SSB consumption, received a set amount of cola each week for four weeks in one of four bottle sizes: 1500 ml, 1000 ml, 500 ml, or 250 ml, in random order...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
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