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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092758/between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-economic-expansion-and-social-responsibility-in-uk-media-discourses-on-the-global-alcohol-industry
#1
Mary Thornton, Benjamin Hawkins
CONTEXT: Transnational alcohol corporations (TACs) employ a range of strategies to achieve their business objectives, including attempts to frame perceptions of their activities in media debates. TACs aim to achieve a favourable regulatory environment by presenting themselves as socially responsible actors. However, the need to secure financial investment means they must also emphasise their potential for growth. This article investigates tensions between these objectives in coverage of the global alcohol industry in the UK print media...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092754/public-participation-gis-for-improving-wood-burning-emissions-from-residential-heating-and-urban-environmental-management
#2
Susana López-Aparicio, Matthias Vogt, Philipp Schneider, Maarit Kahila-Tani, Anna Broberg
A crowdsourcing study supported by a public participation GIS tool was designed and carried out in two Norwegian regions. The aim was to improve the knowledge about emissions from wood burning for residential heating in urban areas based on the collection of citizens' localized insights. We focus on three main issues: 1) type of dwelling and residential heating source; 2) wood consumption and type of wood appliances; and 3) citizens' perception of the urban environment. Our study shows the importance of wood burning for residential heating, and of the resulted particle emissions, in Norwegian urban areas...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092714/the-food-in-our-future-where-will-we-find-ethics
#3
Jeffrey Burkhardt
Food and agricultural systems are in large part driven by technology. Together with public policy, the kinds of technologies that are induced into, or chosen by actors in, food systems, dictates their structure and activities. The ″Big Story″ or ideology which underlies research, development and adoption of technologies provides the justification for choices we make about the future of the food system. A combination of productionism -more is better, and ″feed the world″- is what governs, and seems to be what will govern Western food systems...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092252/-accessibility-to-health-services-theoretical-debate-on-determinants-and-implications-in-the-public-health-policy
#4
Diana Alejandra Sánchez-Torres
This paper presents the theorical development of accesibility as process and product. The process consists of the elements that converge to meet the objectives of providing medical care in a timely manner. As product is a component of effective care. Accesibility itself is subject to a combination of economic, cultural, social, geographic and contextual aspects. Beyond the right of persons to receive health care, availability of institutions and the means to achieve.
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092064/critical-congenital-heart-disease-newborn-screening-implementation-lessons-learned
#5
Monica R McClain, John S Hokanson, Regina Grazel, Kim Naarden Van Braun, Lorraine F Garg, Michelle R Morris, Kathleen Moline, Keri Urquhart, Amy Nance, Harper Randall, Marci K Sontag
Introduction The purpose of this article is to present the collective experiences of six federally-funded critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) newborn screening implementation projects to assist federal and state policy makers and public health to implement CCHD screening. Methods A qualitative assessment and summary from six demonstration project grantees and other state representatives involved in the implementation of CCHD screening programs are presented in the following areas: legislation, provider and family education, screening algorithms and interpretation, data collection and quality improvement, telemedicine, home and rural births, and neonatal intensive care unit populations...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092059/the-effects-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-the-risk-of-large-for-gestational-age-newborns-in-women-without-gestational-diabetes-by-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-categories
#6
Nhial T Tutlam, Yun Liu, Erik J Nelson, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
Objectives Children born large for gestational age (LGA) are at risk of numerous adverse outcomes. While the racial/ethnic disparity in LGA risk has been studied among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), the independent effect of race on LGA risk by maternal prepregnancy BMI is still unclear among women without GDM. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the association between maternal race/ethnicity and LGA among women without GDM. Methods This was a population-based cohort study of 2,842,278 singleton births using 2012 U...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090730/opinions-and-potential-solutions-regarding-dissemination-bias-from-funding-agencies-of-biomedical-research-in-europe
#7
Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Gerard Urrútia, Joerg J Meerpohl, Ana Marušić, Elizabeth Wager, Xavier Bonfill
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Several studies have found that about half of research results from clinical trials are never published. Until now, there has been little information on the views that funding agencies of biomedical research in Europe have regarding this issue and its possible solutions. METHODS: An electronic survey was conducted among funding agencies from 34 European countries. Participants were asked about their opinions, policies, and potential solutions regarding dissemination bias...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090718/an-analysis-of-policies-for-cotrimoxazole-amoxicillin-and-azithromycin-use-in-namibia-s-public-sector-findings-and-therapeutic-implications
#8
Dan Kibuule, Mwangana Mubita, Ester Naikaku, Francis Kalemeera, Brian B Godman, Evans Sagwa
BACKGROUND: Despite Namibia's robust medicine use systems and policies, antibiotic use indicators remain suboptimal. Recent medicine use surveys rank cotrimoxazole, amoxicillin and azithromycin (CAA) among the most used medicines. However, there is rising resistance to CAA (55.9%-96.7%). Unfortunately, to date, there have been limited studies evaluating policies to improve antibiotic use in Namibia. AIM: To evaluate public sector pharmaceutical policies and guidelines influencing the therapeutic use of CAA antibiotics in Namibia...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090401/insights-in-public-health-challenges-investigating-health-outcomes-in-chinese-americans-using-population-based-survey-data
#9
Michelle Tong, Tetine Sentell
Chinese Americans constitute the largest percentage of Asian Americans. In Hawai'i, Chinese Americans make up approximately 4.7% of the total state population. Accurately assessing health disparities across specific Asian American subgroups is critically important to health research and policy, as there is often substantial variability in risk and outcomes. However, even for Chinese Americans, the largest of the Asian American subgroups, such analyses can present challenges in population-based surveys. This article considers these challenges generally and then specifically in terms of the issue of health literacy and heart disease in Chinese Americans using existing population-based survey data sets in the United States, California, and Hawai'i...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089286/historical-perspective-on-the-medical-use-of-cannabis-for-epilepsy-ancient-times-to-the-1980s
#10
REVIEW
Daniel Friedman, Joseph I Sirven
There has been a dramatic surge in the interest of utilizing cannabis for epilepsy treatment in the US. Yet, access to cannabis for research and therapy is mired in conflicting regulatory policies and shifting public opinion. Understanding the current state of affairs in the medical cannabis debate requires an examination of the history of medical cannabis use. From ancient Chinese pharmacopeias to the current Phase III trials of pharmaceutical grade cannabidiol, this review covers the time span of cannabis use for epilepsy therapy so as to better assess the issues surrounding the modern medical opinion of cannabis use...
January 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089281/features-of-public-healthcare-services-provided-to-migrant-patients-in-the-eastern-macedonia-and-thrace-region-greece
#11
Christos A Tsitsakis, Anastasios Karasavvoglou, Efstathios Tsaridis, Georgia Ramantani, Giannoula Florou, Persefoni Polychronidou, Stamatios Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: The influx of migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers into European Union (EU) countries, especially into Greece, in the last 20 years is an issue of growing concern and requires a rational approach. The aim of this study is to chart the use of public health services by the migrants of the Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, which forms the northeastern border of Greece. METHODS: We collected data from five of the six public hospitals in the specified region, and we carried out a per clinic cross tabulation analysis of admission diagnosis and citizenship variables in order to establish the frequency at which the various diagnoses emerge per distinct group of migrant and non-migrant patients in each clinic...
December 27, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089279/perspective-on-pre-and-post-natal-agro-food-exposure-to-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-their-effects-on-quality-of-life
#12
REVIEW
Tania Fernández-Cruz, Elena Martínez-Carballo, Jesús Simal-Gándara
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue constitutes a continual source of internal exposure to organic pollutants (OPs). When fats mobilize during pregnancy and breastfeeding, OPs could affect foetal and neonatal development, respectively. SCOPE AND APPROACH: The main aim of this review is to deal with pre- and post-natal external exposure to organic pollutants and their effects on health, proposing prevention measures to reduce their risk. The goal is the development of a biomonitoring framework program to estimate their impact on human health, and prevent exposure by recommending some changes in personal lifestyle habits...
January 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089188/barriers-to-providing-maternity-care-to-women-with-physical-disabilities-perspectives-from-health-care-practitioners
#13
Monika Mitra, Lauren D Smith, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Linda M Long-Bellil, Nechama Sammet Moring, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: Women with physical disabilities are known to experience disparities in maternity care access and quality, and communication gaps with maternity care providers, however there is little research exploring the maternity care experiences of women with physical disabilities from the perspective of their health care practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This study explored health care practitioners' experiences and needs around providing perinatal care to women with physical disabilities in order to identify potential drivers of these disparities...
January 3, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#14
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088114/between-exposure-access-and-use-reconsidering-foodscape-influences-on-dietary-behaviours
#15
Christelle Clary, Stephen Augustus Matthews, Yan Kestens
Good accessibility to both healthy and unhealthy food outlets is a greater reality than food deserts. Yet, there is a lack of conceptual insights on the contextual factors that push individuals to opt for healthy or unhealthy food outlets when both options are accessible. Our comprehension of foodscape influences on dietary behaviours would benefit from a better understanding of the decision-making process for food outlet choices. In this paper, we build on the fundamental position that outlet choices are conditioned by how much outlets' attributes accommodate individuals' constraints and preferences...
January 11, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088055/marijuana-use-disorder-symptoms-among-recent-onset-marijuana-users
#16
Lisa Dierker, William Mendoza, Renee Goodwin, Arielle Selya, Jennifer Rose
BACKGROUND: With recreational marijuana having recently been legalized in a growing number of U.S. states, as well as the increasing support for its legalization among substantial segments of the American public, an understanding of the development of symptoms associated with marijuana use disorders will assist in guiding both education and policy. METHODS: This study examined the prevalence of marijuana use disorder symptoms among a nationally representative sample of recent onset marijuana users ages 12-21 drawn from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N=9697)...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087553/prevalence-of-obesity-and-overweight-in-african-learners-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Theodosia Adom, Thandi Puoane, Anniza De Villiers, André Pascal Kengne
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and overweight are an emerging problem in Africa. Obese children are at increased risk of developing hypertension, high cholesterol, orthopaedic problems and type 2 diabetes as well as increased risk of adult obesity. Prevention of childhood overweight and obesity therefore needs high priority. The review approach is particularly useful in establishing whether research findings are consistent and can be generalised across populations and settings. This systematic review aims to assess the magnitude and distribution of overweight and obesity among primary school learners within populations in Africa...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087545/predictors-of-public-support-for-nutrition-focused-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-strategies-in-los-angeles-county-2013
#18
Brenda Robles, Tony Kuo
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, federal and local agencies have invested broadly in a variety of nutrition-focused policy, systems and environmental change (PSE) initiatives in Los Angeles County (LAC). To date, little is known about whether the public supports such efforts. We address this gap in the literature by examining predictors of support for a variety of PSEs. METHODS: Voters residing in LAC (n=1007) were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional telephone survey commissioned by the LAC Department of Public Health...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087100/-improving-prevention-integrative-model-and-recommendations-intended-for-public-health-professionals
#19
REVIEW
G Broc, A Edjolo
Public health policies aim to diminish people's exposure to negative factors, behaviors or determinants of health. Despite awareness-raising campaigns, health recommendations are still not sufficiently followed. First, the article wondered the reasons behind this observation. In order to do this, we present a theoretical model incorporating: (a) the motivational theories of communication processing; (b) the theories of motivation and volition; (c) self-regulation and self-determination theories. In a second part, the paper describes five principles for improving communication...
January 10, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086857/evaluating-a-multicomponent-social-behaviour-change-communication-strategy-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-nepal
#20
Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J Michael Oakes, Jhumka Gupta
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal. There remains a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of primary violence prevention strategies. The Change Starts at Home study begins to fill this gap by utilizing a multi-component social behaviour change communication (SBCC) strategy involving a radio drama and community mobilization to shift attitudes, norms and behaviours that underpin IPV perpetration in Nepal...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
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