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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156653/dual-competing-photovoltaic-supply-chains-a-social-welfare-maximization-perspective
#1
Zhisong Chen, Shong-Iee Ivan Su
In the past decades, the inappropriate subsidy policies in many nations have caused problems such as serious oversupply, fierce competition and subpar social welfare in the photovoltaic (PV) industry in many nations. There is a clear shortage in the PV industry literature regarding how dual supply chains compete and the key decision issues regarding the competition between dual PV supply chains. It is critical to develop effective subsidy policies for the competing PV supply chains to achieve social welfare maximization...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156490/-the-citizen-is-stepping-into-a-new-role-policy-interpretations-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-finland
#2
Marjaana Jones, Ilkka Pietilä
Involving patients and the public in healthcare decision-making is on the policy agenda in several countries. The aim of our study was to describe and analyse the development of patient and public involvement from a policy perspective. We argue that the language of health policies can influence both the aims and the development of involvement methods. In this study health policy documents, which have guided the development of patient and public involvement in Finland have been analysed using methods of Membership Categorisation Analysis...
November 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156279/the-stocks-and-flows-of-nitrogen-phosphorus-and-potassium-across-a-30-year-time-series-for-agriculture-in-huantai-county-china
#3
Jessica Bellarby, Ben W J Surridge, Philip M Haygarth, Kun Liu, Giuseppina Siciliano, Laurence Smith, Clive Rahn, Fanqiao Meng
In order to improve the efficiency of nutrient use whilst also meeting projected changes in the demand for food within China, new nutrient management frameworks comprised of policy, practice and the means of delivering change are required. These frameworks should be underpinned by systemic analyses of the stocks and flows of nutrients within agricultural production. In this paper, a 30-year time series of the stocks and flows of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are reported for Huantai county, an exemplar area of intensive agricultural production in the North China Plain...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155831/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-leishmania-infection-in-trang-province-southern-thailand
#4
Jipada Manomat, Saovanee Leelayoova, Lertwut Bualert, Peerapan Tan-Ariya, Suradej Siripattanapipong, Mathirut Mungthin, Tawee Naaglor, Phunlerd Piyaraj
BACKGROUND: Autochthonous cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by Leishmania martiniquensis and Leishmania siamensis have been considered emerging infectious diseases in Thailand. The disease burden is significantly underestimated, especially the prevalence of Leishmania infection among HIV-positive patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with Leishmania infection among patients with HIV/AIDS living in Trang province, southern Thailand, between 2015 and 2016...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155824/reducing-the-rate-of-cesarean-delivery-on-maternal-request-through-institutional-and-policy-interventions-in-wenzhou-china
#5
Yushan Yu, Xiangyang Zhang, Caixia Sun, Huijie Zhou, Qi Zhang, Chun Chen
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of institutional and policy interventions on reducing the rate of cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR) in Wenzhou, China. Institutional interventions included health education, painless delivery introduction, and doula care. Additionally, a series of health policies were developed by the Chinese central and local governments to control cesarean section rates, mostly through controlling CDMR rates. We conducted a pre-/post-intervention study using 131,312 deliveries between 2006 and 2014 in three tertiary-level public hospitals in Wenzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155358/criticism-of-efsa-s-scientific-on-combinatorial-effects-of-stacked-gm-plants
#6
Thomas Bøhn
Recent genetically modified plants tend to include both insect resistance and herbicide tolerance traits. Some of these 'stacked' GM plants have multiple Cry toxins expressed as well as tolerance to several herbicides. This means that non-target organisms in the environment (biodiversity) will be co-exposed to multiple stressors simultaneously. A similar co-exposure may happen to consumers through chemical residues in the food chain. EFSA, the responsible unit for minimizing risk of harm in European food chains, has expressed its scientific interest in combinatorial effects...
November 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154182/impact-of-ill-health-on-household-consumption-in-sri-lanka-evidence-from-household-survey-data
#7
Ajantha Sisira Kumara, Ramanie Samaratunge
With significant increases in chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in recent years, Sri Lanka has witnessed a growing trend of increased out-of-pocket payments for healthcare, imposing a severe burden on household budgets. This is exacerbated by limited government health funding and inadequate financial security from formal social security. We examine the association of NCD-prevalence and healthcare utilization with household consumption, using the most recent Sri Lanka Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/2013...
November 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153921/zika-virus-epidemic-in-puerto-rico-health-justice-too-long-delayed
#8
Carlos E Rodríguez-Díaz, Adriana Garriga-López, Souhail M Malavé-Rivera, Ricardo L Vargas-Molina
Over the course of 16 months, more than 35400 cases of Zika virus infection have been confirmed in Puerto Rico. This represents 85% of all cases reported in the USA and its territories. The Zika epidemic is exposing the profound failure of socioeconomic policies, as well as the failure to protect sexual and reproductive health rights in Puerto Rico. Considering the high poverty rates, high levels of sexuality-related stigma, poor quality sex education, limited access to contraception, and limited participation in the allocation of resources for prevention, it is unreasonable to focus public health efforts to prevent Zika virus infection on vector control...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153476/attitudes-toward-smoke-free-public-housing-among-u-s-adults-2016
#9
Teresa W Wang, Pamela R Lemos, Simon McNabb, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: Effective February 2017, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development published a rule requiring each public housing agency to implement a smoke-free policy within 18 months. This study assessed the prevalence and determinants of favorability toward smoke-free public housing among U.S. adults. METHODS: Data from 2016 Summer Styles, a nationally representative web-based survey conducted among adults (N=4,203) were analyzed in 2017. Participants were asked: Do you favor or oppose prohibiting smoking in public housing, including all indoor areas of living units, common areas, and office buildings, as well as in all outdoor areas within 25 feet of buildings? Multivariate Poisson regression was used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios of favorability (strongly or somewhat)...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153262/a-call-to-introduce-structured-zika-surveillance-in-india
#10
Farah Ishtiaq
India has the climatic conditions conducive to year-round transmission of Zika virus, and a structured disease surveillance program should be implemented to prevent an outbreak. Such a program should (i) start screening before an outbreak arises; (ii) collect baseline data to assess future disease risk and monitor potential birth defects; and (iii) provide new insights into the ecology of the disease and inform public health policy following the one health concept.
November 15, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153116/community-guide-cardiovascular-disease-economic-reviews-tailoring-methods-to-ensure-utility-of-findings
#11
Sajal K Chattopadhyay, Verughese Jacob, Shawna L Mercer, David P Hopkins, Randy W Elder, Christopher D Jones
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommended five interventions for cardiovascular disease prevention between 2012 and 2015. Systematic economic reviews of these interventions faced challenges that made it difficult to generate meaningful policy and programmatic conclusions. This paper describes the methods used to assess, synthesize, and evaluate the economic evidence to generate reliable and useful economic conclusions and address the comparability of economic findings across interventions. Specifically, steps were taken to assess completeness of data and identify the components and drivers of cost and benefit...
December 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153066/-age-related-prevalence-of-toxoplasmosis-among-pregnant-women-in-hatay-estimation-depending-on-model
#12
Meryem Çetin, Şirin Çetin
Toxoplasmosis, caused by the obligate intracellular protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, is a common parasitic infection affecting approximately one-third of the world population. T.gondii infections are usually acquired by ingesting raw or insufficiently cooked meat and from unwashed fruits and vegetables contaminated with soil or water with cat feces. Primary infection acquired during pregnancy can cause severe congenital abnormalities in the fetus such as neurologic and ocular malformations, abortion, or stillbirth according to the degree of infection...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152890/influenza-associated-severe-acute-respiratory-infections-in-two-sentinel-sites-in-lebanon-september-2015-to-august-2016
#13
Majd Saleh, Lara Bazzi, Ebstissam Ismail, Lina Mroueh, Nisrine Jammal, Amgad Elkholy, Pamela Mrad, Ahmad Al Samadi, Ahmad Hijazi, Firass Abiad, Ghazi Nsouli, Alissar Rady, Wasiq Khan, Mamunur Malik, Pierre Zalloua, Walid Ammar, Nada Ghosn
BACKGROUND: Given the sparse information on burden of influenza in Lebanon, the Ministry of Public Health established a sentinel surveillance for Severe Acute Respiratory Infections (SARI) to identify the attribution of influenza to reported cases. We aim to highlight the proportion of influenza-associated SARI from September 1(st) 2015 to August 31(st) 2016 in two Lebanese hospitals. METHODS: The study was conducted in two sentinel sites located in Beirut suburbs and Southern province of Lebanon...
November 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152601/a-novel-approach-to-analyzing-lung-cancer-mortality-disparities-using-the-exposome-and-a-graph-theoretical-toolchain
#14
Paul D Juarez, Darryl B Hood, Gary L Rogers, Suzanne H Baktash, Arnold M Saxton, Patricia Matthews-Juarez, Wansoo Im, Myriam Patricia Cifuentes, Charles A Phillips, Maureen Y Lichtveld, Michael A Langston
Objectives: The aim is to identify exposures associated with lung cancer mortality and mortality disparities by race and gender using an exposome database coupled to a graph theoretical toolchain. Methods: Graph theoretical algorithms were employed to extract paracliques from correlation graphs using associations between 2162 environmental exposures and lung cancer mortality rates in 2067 counties, with clique doubling applied to compute an absolute threshold of significance...
April 2017: Environmental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151805/transparency-and-cooperation-in-repeated-dilemma-games-a-meta-study
#15
Lenka Fiala, Sigrid Suetens
We use data from experiments on finitely repeated dilemma games with fixed matching to investigate the effect of different types of information on cooperation. The data come from 71 studies using the voluntary contributions paradigm, covering 122 data points, and from 18 studies on decision-making in oligopoly, covering another 50 data points. We find similar effects in the two sets of experimental games. We find that transparency about what everyone in a group earns reduces contributions to the public good, as well as the degree of collusion in oligopoly markets...
2017: Experimental Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151591/us-health-policy-and-prescription-drug-coverage-of-fda-approved-medications-for-the-treatment-of-obesity
#16
G Gomez, F C Stanford
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is now the most prevalent chronic disease in the United States, which amounts to an estimated $147 billion in health care spending annually. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted in 2010, included provisions for private and public health insurance plans that expanded coverage for lifestyle/behavior modification and bariatric surgery for the treatment of obesity. Pharmacotherapy, however, has not been included despite their evidence-based efficacy. We set out to investigate the coverage of FDA-approved medications for obesity within Medicare, Medicaid, and ACA-established marketplace health insurance plans...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151476/tobacco-control-measures-to-reduce-socioeconomic-inequality-in-smoking-the-necessity-time-course-perspective-and-future-implications
#17
Takahiro Tabuchi, Hiroyasu Iso, Eric Brunner
Previous systematic reviews of population-level tobacco control interventions and their effects on smoking inequality by socioeconomic factors concluded that tobacco taxation reduce smoking inequality by income (although this is not consistent for other socioeconomic factors, such as education). Inconsistent results have been reported for socioeconomic differences, especially for other tobacco control measures, such as smoke-free policies and anti-tobacco media campaigns. To understand smoking inequality itself and to develop strategies to reduce smoking inequality, knowledge of the underlying principles or mechanisms of the inequality over a long time-course may be important...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151404/the-causes-of-school-failure-in-secondary-school-students-validation-of-a-psychosocial-model-with-structural-equations
#18
Fernando Chacón Fuertes, Carlos A Huertas Hurtado
The objective of the study was to determine the causal effects of school failure (SF) among secondary school students, belonging to five public schools within the region of Girardota, Colombia, through the validation of a psychosocial model with structural equations. A total of 319 students, 25% more males, enrolled in classes between 6th and 11th year, with an average age of 14 years. Furthermore, 265 parents and 200 teachers were also included in the sample. Participants answered the questions raised in 9 instruments...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151398/disaster-risk-reduction-in-myanmar-a-need-for-focus-on-community-preparedness-and-improved-evaluation-of-initiatives
#19
Andrew D Smith, Emily Y Y Chan
Myanmar is a country in political and economic transition. Facing a wide-variety of natural hazards and ongoing conflict, the country's under-developed infrastructure has resulted in high disaster risk. Following the devastation of Cyclone Nargis in 2008 and increased global focus on disaster management and risk reduction, Myanmar has begun development of national disaster policies. Myanmar's Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction addressed multiple stages of disaster development and has made progress towards national projects, however, has struggled to implement community-based preparedness and response initiatives...
November 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151380/stakeholders-perceptions-of-health-technology-assessment-in-turkey
#20
Kirstin Ozturk, Bilgehan Karadayı, Olgun Şener
BACKGROUND: In April of 2014, the Turkish Ministry of Health held the First Annual Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Meeting in Antalya. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to understand the perceptions of stakeholders regarding the current status of HTA and document their recommendations and strategies for promoting systematic use of HTA in Turkey. METHODS: The study was conducted using a qualitative written survey assessing current compliance with the fifteen HTA principles suggested by Drummond et al...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
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