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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342406/looking-back-at-2017-with-astmh-past-president-patricia-walker-political-challenges-remind-her-that-optimism-is-a-moral-imperative
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340514/racial-i-nter-dentification-the-racialization-of-maternal-health-through-the-oportunidades-program-and-in-government-clinics-in-m%C3%A3-xico
#2
Rosalynn Adeline Vega
Using an ethnographic approach, this article examines the role of racialization in health-disease-care processes specifically within the realm of maternal health. It considers the experiences of health care administrators and providers, indigenous midwives and mothers, and recipients of conditional cash transfers through the Oportunidades program in Mexico. By detailing the delivery of trainings of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) [Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social] for indigenous midwives and Oportunidades workshops to indigenous stipend recipients, the article critiques the deployment of "interculturality" in ways that inadvertently re-inscribe inequality...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340448/-uses-of-madness-towards-the-recognition-of-new-interpretations-of-human-suffering
#3
Miguel Salas Soneira
This article addresses the controversy associated with the construct schizophrenia/psychosis/madness, indicating the need to acknowledge the multiplicity of experiences and interpretations which arise through the use of the construct. The plurality and complexity intrinsic to the phenomenon, the discrepancies in its possible meanings and the value of first-hand experience are indicated as aspects whose recognition is indispensable to both understanding suffering and confronting it socio-educationally. Using interviews carried out in September 2013 and May 2014 with six people diagnosed at least with schizophrenia, who gave their informed consent to participate, these dimensions are explored...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340445/-health-universalism-in-argentina-between-2003-and-2015-assessments-and-challenges-based-in-a-macro-institutional-approach
#4
Magdalena Chiara, María Crojethovic, Ana Ariovich
Debates about universalism in health have been gaining ground in Latin America and have entered the policy agenda with differing results. Notwithstanding the country's federalism, the most profound changes that took place in Argentina in the last decade occurred in the arena of national politics. Based on the theoretical contributions of historical neo-institutionalism and implementation studies, this paper aims to analyze, from a macro institutional approach, the scope of the national policy regarding health universalization...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340441/-theoretical-reflections-regarding-subjects-of-praxis-and-subjects-of-antithesis-in-brazilian-health-reform
#5
Jairnilson Silva Paim
The Brazilian Health Reform has been recognized as a project that transcends the sectoral dimension in that it considers an expanded concept of health and social determination, which distinguishes it from other health system reforms of the twentieth century. This article aims to contribute to the construction of the concepts subjects of praxis and subjects of antithesis by discussing certain challenges of praxis in the Brazilian Health Reform, the constitution of social subjects and the emergence of subjects of antithesis...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339667/improving-laboratory-assessment-in-disorders-of-sex-development-through-a-multidisciplinary-network
#6
Sabine E Hannema, Yolanda B de Rijke
The aim of the European Reference Network for Rare Endocrine Disorders (Endo-ERN) is to ensure equal access to high-quality care for all those affected by a rare endocrine condition across Europe, such as a disorder/difference of sex development (DSD), both for children and adults. Although differences in resources, health care systems, and health insurances between the European countries are challenging and require political action, a European laboratory network within Endo-ERN could improve the diagnostic process in individuals with DSD, building on the work done by previous European collaborations such as the COST action DSDnet...
January 17, 2018: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339480/local-policy-proposals-can-bridge-latino-and-most-white-americans-response-to-immigration
#7
Yuen J Huo, John F Dovidio, Tomás R Jiménez, Deborah J Schildkraut
In the past 15 years, the adoption of subnational immigration policies in the United States, such as those established by individual states, has gone from nearly zero to over 300 per year. These include welcoming policies aimed at attracting and incorporating immigrants, as well as unwelcoming policies directed at denying immigrants access to public resources and services. Using data from a 2016 random digit-dialing telephone survey with an embedded experiment, we examine whether institutional support for policies that are either welcoming or hostile toward immigrants differentially shape Latinos' and whites' feelings of belonging in their state (Arizona/New Mexico, adjacent states with contrasting immigration policies)...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339063/evolution-of-intravitreal-therapy-for-retinal-diseases-from-cmv-to-cnv-the-lxxiv-edward-jackson-memorial-lecture
#8
Daniel F Martin
PURPOSE: To present the evolution of intravitreal therapy for retinal diseases and its impact on clinical practice. DESIGN: Retrospective literature review and personal perspective. METHODS: Retrospective literature review and personal perspective. RESULTS: Pharmacotherapeutic advances in retinal disease have been remarkable over the last 25 years. Almost all of the new drugs developed have required intravitreal administration to be highly effective, leading to an exponential increase in the annual number of intravitreal injections given...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338653/a-new-alchemical-poem-attributed-to-kh%C3%A4-lid-b-yaz%C3%A4-d-d-ca-705
#9
George Saliba
This paper deals primarily with the identification of an inaccurately catalogued alchemical poem attributed to the famous Umayyad prince Khālid b. Yazīd (d. 705), edited, translated, and commented upon here for the first time. The paper also addresses the authenticity of Khālid's interest in alchemy and connects that interest to the need of the early Islamic empire to develop its own gold coinage as a sign of political independence from Byzantine coinage that was up till then the currency of the lands occupied by early Muslims in the regions of modern-day Egypt and Syria...
August 2017: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338556/hong-kong-liberals-are-weird-analytic-thought-increases-support-for-liberal-policies
#10
Thomas Talhelm
This study tests whether liberals and conservatives within the same society think as if they were from different cultures. I tested this by measuring the cultural thought style of social liberals and conservatives in Hong Kong (Study 1). Liberals tended to think more analytically (more "WEIRD"), and conservatives tended to think more holistically (more common in East Asia). In Study 2, I trained people to think analytically or holistically before they read articles on political issues. Analytic thought caused people to form more liberal opinions, and holistic thought caused people to form more conservative opinions...
January 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338555/positive-neighborhood-norms-buffer-ethnic-diversity-effects-on-neighborhood-dissatisfaction-perceived-neighborhood-disadvantage-and-moving-intentions
#11
Jasper Van Assche, Frank Asbrock, Arne Roets, Mathias Kauff
Positive neighborhood norms, such as strong local networks, are critical to people's satisfaction with, perceived disadvantage of, and intentions to stay in their neighborhood. At the same time, local ethnic diversity is said to be detrimental for these community outcomes. Integrating both frameworks, we tested whether the negative consequences of diversity occur even when perceived social norms are positive. Study 1 ( N = 1,760 German adults) showed that perceptions of positive neighborhood norms buffered against the effects of perceived diversity on moving intentions via neighborhood satisfaction and perceived neighborhood disadvantage...
January 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338538/increased-nature-relatedness-and-decreased-authoritarian-political-views-after-psilocybin-for-treatment-resistant-depression
#12
Taylor Lyons, Robin L Carhart-Harris
RATIONALE: Previous research suggests that classical psychedelic compounds can induce lasting changes in personality traits, attitudes and beliefs in both healthy subjects and patient populations. AIM: Here we sought to investigate the effects of psilocybin on nature relatedness and libertarian-authoritarian political perspective in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHODS: This open-label pilot study with a mixed-model design studied the effects of psilocybin on measures of nature relatedness and libertarian-authoritarian political perspective in patients with moderate to severe TRD ( n=7) versus age-matched non-treated healthy control subjects ( n=7)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338438/challenges-in-adult-vaccination
#13
Eduardo de Gomensoro, Giuseppe Del Giudice, T Mark Doherty
Life-long primary prevention interventions beginning and continuing throughout an individual's lifetime are increasingly seen as key to meeting the global healthcare challenges that accompany demographic changes - a concept referred to as "Healthy aging". In this perspective, vaccination is seen as part of a triad, together with healthy diet and exercise. Current adult vaccine coverage is lower than target vaccination rates in most developed countries, and so vaccine preventable diseases continue to present a substantial burden on health and healthcare resources, especially in older individuals...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337934/depths-of-space-oceans-and-politics
#14
Mariette DiChristina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337930/asbestos-related-disorders-in-germany-background-politics-incidence-diagnostics-and-compensation
#15
REVIEW
Xaver Baur
There was some limited use of asbestos at end of the 19th century in industrialized countries including Germany, but its consumption dramatically increased after World War II. The increase in use and exposure was followed by the discovery of high numbers of asbestos-related diseases with a mean latency period of about 38 years in Germany. The strong socio-political pressure from the asbestos industry, its affiliated scientists and physicians has successfully hindered regulatory measures and an asbestos ban for many years; a restrictive stance that is still being unravelled in compensation litigation...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337069/a-survey-instrument-for-measuring-vaccine-acceptance
#16
Dilshani Sarathchandra, Mark C Navin, Mark A Largent, Aaron M McCright
Accurately measuring vaccine acceptance is important, especially under current conditions in which misinformation may increase public anxiety about vaccines and politicize vaccine policies. We integrated substantive knowledge, conceptualization and measurement expertise, and survey design principles to develop an instrument for measuring vaccine acceptance across the general public. Given this broad goal, we expect our novel instrument will complement, rather than replace, existing instruments designed specifically to measure parents' vaccine hesitancy...
January 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336701/coming-out-of-the-shadows-and-the-closet-visibility-schemas-among-undocuqueer-immigrants
#17
Jesus Cisneros, Christian Bracho
Centering the experiences of 31 undocuqueer immigrants, this study seeks to understand the ways that undocuqueer immigrants negotiate the boundaries of social performance by revealing or concealing their gender, sexuality, and immigration status. Findings of this study reveal how, in order to avoid the constant threat of rejection (both legal and social), undocuqueer immigrants engage visibility schemas and make strategic decisions about coming out of the shadows and the closet across different contexts. Undocuqueer immigrants' narratives reveal the ways the closet resembles the shadows in that both provide protection from the outside world, yet neither are considered suitable places for sustaining life...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335124/-the-reception-a-prerequisite-of-the-encounter-a-political-question
#18
Patrick Touzet
The reception of a patient in psychiatry is a stage which consists of more than a single initial contact between a person suffering psychologically and a caregiver. This time can open the way to an encounter, without which a care relationship cannot be established. The reception as a paradigm of psychiatric care questions the concept of this care, at a time when caregivers cannot avoid the question of their political engagement.
January 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335035/innovating-dementia-care-implementing-characteristics-of-green-care-farms-in-other-long-term-care-settings
#19
Yvette Buist, Hilde Verbeek, Bram de Boer, Simone R de Bruin
BACKGROUND: People with dementia at green care farms (GCFs) are physically more active, have more social interactions, are involved in a larger variety of activities, and come outdoors more often than those in other long-term dementia care settings. These aspects may positively affect health and well-being. This study explored which and how characteristics of GCFs could be implemented in other long-term dementia care settings, taking into account possible facilitators and barriers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 professionals from GCFs, independent small-scale long-term care facilities, and larger scale long-term care facilities in the Netherlands...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334043/a-tribute-to-james-parkinson
#20
André Parent
Exactly 200 years ago, the London surgeon-apothecary James Parkinson (1755-1824) published a 66-page-long booklet entitled An Essay on the Shaking Palsy, which contains the first clear clinical description of the shaking palsy or paralysis agitans, which we now refer to as Parkinson's disease. However, the value of this essay was not fully recognized during Parkinson's lifetime, which spanned the American Revolution, the French Revolution, and the Napoleonic Wars. James Parkinson was one of the most singular figures of his time and place...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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