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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646775/consequences-of-intensive-forest-harvesting-on-the-recovery-of-swedish-lakes-from-acidification-and-on-critical-load-exceedances
#1
Filip Moldan, Johanna Stadmark, Jens Fölster, Sara Jutterström, Martyn N Futter, Bernard J Cosby, Richard F Wright
Across much of the northern hemisphere, lakes are at risk of re-acidification due to incomplete recovery from historical acidification and pressures associated with more intensive forest biomass harvesting. Critical load (CL) calculations aimed at estimating the amount of pollutants an ecosystem can receive without suffering adverse consequences are dependent on these factors. Here, we present a modelling study of the potential effects of intensified forest harvesting on re-acidification of a set of 3239 Swedish lakes based on scenarios with varying intensities of forest biomass harvest and acid deposition...
June 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646691/what-housing-features-should-inform-the-development-of-housing-solutions-for-adults-with-neurological-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Courtney J Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A Whitty
Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design...
June 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646400/a-brief-assessment-tool-for-investigating-facets-of-moral-judgment-from-realistic-vignettes
#3
Michael Kruepke, Erin K Molloy, Konrad Bresin, Aron K Barbey, Edelyn Verona
Humans make moral judgments every day, and research demonstrates that these evaluations are based on a host of related event features (e.g., harm, legality). In order to acquire systematic data on how moral judgments are made, our assessments need to be expanded to include real-life, ecologically valid stimuli that take into account the numerous event features that are known to influence moral judgment. To facilitate this, Knutson et al. (in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 5(4), 378-384, 2010) developed vignettes based on real-life episodic memories rated concurrently on key moral features; however, the method is time intensive (~1...
June 23, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646169/improving-dialysis-adherence-for-high-risk-patients-using-automated-messaging-proof-of-concept
#4
A Som, J Groenendyk, T An, K Patel, R Peters, G Polites, W R Ross
Comorbidities and socioeconomic barriers often limit patient adherence and self-management with hemodialysis. Missed sessions, often associated with communication barriers, can result in emergency dialysis and avoidable hospitalizations. This proof of concept study explored using a novel digital-messaging platform, EpxDialysis, to improve patient-to-dialysis center communication via widely available text messaging and telephone technology. A randomized controlled trial was conducted through Washington University-affiliated hemodialysis centers involving ESRD patients with poor attendance, defined as missing 2-6 sessions over the preceding 12 weeks...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645975/the-impact-of-weight-misperception-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-korean-adults-knhanes-2007-2014-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#5
Susan Park, Sejin Lee, Jinseub Hwang, Jin-Won Kwon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Weight perception, especially misperception, might affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL); however, related research is scarce and results remain equivocal. We examined the association between HRQoL and weight misperception by comparing obesity level as measured by body mass index (BMI) and weight perception in Korean adults. METHODS: Study subjects were 43 883 adults aged 19 years or older from cycles IV (2007-2009), V (2010-2012) and VI (2013-2014) of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645870/impact-on-environment-ecosystem-diversity-and-health-from-culturing-and-using-gmos-as-feed-and-food
#6
REVIEW
Aristidis M Tsatsakis, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Victor A Tutelyan, Kirill S Golokhvast, Olga-Ioanna Kalantzi, Duck Hwa Chung, Sung Jo Kang, Michael D Coleman, Nadia Tyshko, Seung Hwan Yang, Gyuhwa Chung
Modern agriculture provides the potential for sustainable feeding of the world's increasing population. Up to the present moment, genetically modified (GM) products have enabled increased yields and reduced pesticide usage. Nevertheless, GM products are controversial amongst policy makers, scientists and the consumers, regarding their possible environmental, ecological, and health risks. Scientific-and-political debates can even influence legislation and prospective risk assessment procedure. Currently, the scientifically-assessed direct hazardous impacts of GM food and feed on fauna and flora are conflicting; indeed, a review of literature available data provides some evidence of GM environmental and health risks...
June 20, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645583/societal-constraints-related-to-environmental-remediation-and-decommissioning-programmes
#7
Tanja Perko, Horst Monken-Fernandes, Meritxell Martell, Nadja Zeleznik, Patrick O'Sullivan
The decisions related to decommissioning or environmental remediation projects (D/ER) cannot be isolated from the socio-political and cultural environment. Experiences of the IAEA Member States point out the importance of giving due attention to the societal aspects in project planning and implementation. The purpose of this paper is threefold: i) to systematically review societal constraints that some organisations in different IAEA Member States encounter when implementing D/ER programmes, ii) to identify different approaches to overcome these constraints and iii) to collect examples of existing practices related to the integration of societal aspects in D/ER programmes worldwide...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645276/assessing-the-impact-of-health-research-on-health-policies-a-study-of-the-dodowa-health-research-centre-ghana
#8
Blanca Escribano-Ferrer, Jayne Webster, Margaret Gyapong
BACKGROUND: The importance of assessing research impact is increasingly recognised. Ghana has a long tradition of research dating from the 1970s. In the Ghana Health Service there are three health research centres under the Research and Development Division. Dodowa Health Research Centre (DHRC) is the youngest in the country dating from the 1990s. The objective of this study is to analyse the influence of the research conducted in DHRC on national and local health policies. METHODS: The study used the Research Impact Framework...
June 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644926/gangnam-style-plastic-surgery-the-science-of-westernized-beauty-in-south-korea
#9
So Yeon Leem
New beauty ideals and particular types of plastic surgery beauty have emerged in South Korea from the early twenty-first century. By defining Gangnam-style plastic surgery as a hybrid of old Westernized beauty ideals and a new science of beauty with variations and contradictions, I intend to twist the simplistic understanding of non-Western plastic surgery as an effort to resemble the white westerner's body. I also draw political implications from a case of monstrous Gangnam-style beauty made by excessive plastic surgery...
June 23, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641826/the-chemical-history-of-morphine-an-8000-year-journey-from-resin-to-de-novo-synthesis
#10
Karolina Brook, Jessica Bennett, Sukumar P Desai
Evidence of human use of opium dates back as far as the sixth millennium BCE. Ancient societies through the Renaissance period created a variety of opium products, proliferating its common use and subsequent addiction. Because the active moiety was not known at this time, the potency of these opium concoctions could neither be predicted nor controlled. The first step in identifying opium's active ingredient, morphine, was its chemical isolation in the early 1800s by Wilhelm Sertürner. The subsequent elucidation of morphine's chemical formula and Sir Robert Robinson's derivation of morphine's structural formula, which won him the 1947 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, round out 150 years of the incremental advances in our chemical understanding of morphine...
April 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641704/understanding-the-factors-that-make-public-participation-effective-in-health-policy-and-planning-a-realist-synthesis
#11
Celso P Pagatpatan, Paul R Ward
Although researchers argue for the importance of involving the public in developing health policy, there has been little focus on central research questions - such as what techniques of public participation work, in what circumstances, and why. This paper presents a realist synthesis which identifies and explains the underlying mechanisms and specific contextual factors that lead to effective public participation in health policy and planning. Peer-reviewed, English language literature was searched, which resulted in 77 articles for review and synthesis...
June 23, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640683/the-public-health-practitioner-of-the-future
#12
Paul Campbell Erwin, Ross C Brownson
The requisite capacities and capabilities of the public health practitioner of the future are being driven by multiple forces of change, including public health agency accreditation, climate change, health in all policies, social media and informatics, demographic transitions, globalized travel, and the repercussions of the Affordable Care Act. We describe five critical capacities and capabilities that public health practitioners can build on to successfully prepare for and respond to these forces of change: systems thinking and systems methods, communication capacities, an entrepreneurial orientation, transformational ethics, and policy analysis and response...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640673/the-end-of-written-informed-consent-for-hiv-testing-not-with-a-bang-but-a-whimper
#13
Ronald Bayer, Morgan Philbin, Robert H Remien
In 2014, only two states in the United States still mandated specific written informed consent for HIV testing and, after years of controversy, New York ended this requirement, leaving only Nebraska. New York's shift to opt-out testing meant that a singular feature of what had characterized the exceptionalism surrounding HIV testing was eliminated. We trace the history of debates on written informed consent nationally and in New York State. Over the years of dispute from when HIV testing was initiated in 1985 to 2014, the evidence about the benefits and burdens of written informed consent changed...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640664/%C3%A2-somos-iguales-using-a-structural-violence-framework-to-understand-gender-and-health-inequities-from-an-intersectional-perspective-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#14
Geordan D Shannon, Angelica Motta, Carlos F Cáceres, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Diana Bowie, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: In the Peruvian Amazon, historical events of colonization and political marginalization intersect with identities of ethnicity, class and geography in the construction of gender and health inequities. Gender-based inequalities can manifest in poor health outcomes via discriminatory practices, healthcare system imbalances, inequities in health research, and differential exposures and vulnerabilities to diseases. Structural violence is a comprehensive framework to explain the mechanisms by which social forces such as poverty, racism and gender inequity become embodied as individual experiences and health outcomes, and thus may be a useful tool in structuring an intersectional analysis of gender and health inequities in Amazonian Peru...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640333/establishment-of-lactaton-rooms-in-public-and-private-companies-potentialities-and-difficulties
#15
Vanessa Martinhago Borges Fernandes, Evanguelia Kotzias Atherino Dos Santos, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann, Denise Elvira Pires de Pires, Maria de Fátima Mota Zampieri, Vitória Regina Petters Gregório
Objective: To know how managers of public and private companies view lactation support rooms and their implantation. Method: This is study is based on qualitative, exploratory, and descriptive research. Twenty managers from Greater Florianópolis participated in the research, in 2015. Data were collected by means of semi-structured/projective interviews, and subjected to content analysis associated with Atlas.ti software. Results: Data analysis led to the following two categories: difficulties and facilities of establishing a lactation room, with a predominance of financial difficulties and the lack of physical space...
June 5, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640282/heatwaves-to-soar-above-the-hot-air-of-climate-politics
#16
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639540/sts-as-science-or-politics
#17
Harry Collins, Robert Evans, Martin Weinel
In a recent editorial for this journal, Sergio Sismondo makes two claims. First, he states that STS bears no responsibility for the emergence of post-truth politics. Second, he claims that debates about the nature of expertise that take place within STS are irrelevant in this context. In contrast, we argue that, whether or not STS had a causal influence on the emergence of post-truth politics, there is a clear resonance between the two positions and that the current political climate makes the empirically informed and scientific analysis of expertise and the form of life of science more important than ever...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639539/foreskin-and-the-molecular-politics-of-risk
#18
Aaron T Norton
In this paper, I examine disputes over recent claims that male circumcision reduces HIV risk to suggest a complicated relationship between risk individualization and categorization. Whereas randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted in sub-Saharan Africa appear to have provided key evidence for the World Health Organization's endorsement of male circumcision as an HIV prevention strategy, RCTs alone did not provide evidence for the underlying causal mechanism. For that, medical authorities have turned to histo-immunological studies of the foreskin's biomolecular vulnerability to HIV, thus molecularizing risk...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639288/the-economics-and-politics-of-the-american-health-care-act
#19
Gail Wilensky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639238/multiple-sclerosis-in-latin-americans-genetic-aspects
#20
REVIEW
Victor M Rivera
Latin Americans (LA) are a heterogeneous, multiethnic group of individuals who inhabit the continental countries in Latin America (LATAM), Caribbean islands and constitute the largest ethnic minority in the USA. Commonly used terminology and ethno racial classifications to define these groups may not be accurate. Risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) among LA is generally low to medium but frequencies are increasing in the American hemisphere. Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) in LA show diverse variants and genetic proportions among Mestizos, the most representative ethnic population, who themselves are the product of centuries of interracial mixing between Native Americans (or Amerindians), White Caucasian Europeans, and Black Africans...
August 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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