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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934600/does-regional-disadvantage-affect-health-related-sport-and-physical-activity-level-a-multi-level-analysis-of-individual-behaviour
#1
Pamela Wicker, Paul Downward, Fernando Lera-López
This study examines the role of regional government quality in health-related participation in sport and physical activity among adults (18-64 years) in 28 European countries. The importance of the analysis rests in the relative autonomy that regional and local governments have over policy decisions connected with sport and physical activity. While existing studies have focussed on economic and infrastructural investment and expenditure, this research investigates the quality of regional governments across 208 regions within 28 European countries...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933992/politics-and-palliative-care-benin
#2
Dion Smyth
Dion Smyth's review of palliative nursing on the internet.
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933931/legacies-of-1917-in-contemporary-russian-public-health-addiction-hiv-and-abortion
#3
Michele Rivkin-Fish
I examine the legacies of Soviet public health policy and the socialist health care system and trace how the Soviet past figures in contemporary Russian policymaking and debates about drug use, HIV, and abortion. Drug policies and mainstream views of HIV reflect continuities with key aspects of Soviet-era policies, although political leaders do not acknowledge these continuities in justifying their policies. In abortion policy, by contrast, which is highly debated in the public realm, advocates represent themselves as differing from Soviet-era policies to justify their positions...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933227/burr-holes-bone-flaps-and-goose-quills-dr-frank-turnbull-vancouver-s-first-neurosurgeon
#4
Vincent C Ye
Dr Frank Turnbull was a pioneer neurosurgeon - the first neurosurgeon in Vancouver, Canada. He started his practice in 1933 after spending time during a neurosurgical 'residency' with Dr Kenneth Mackenzie, Canada's first neurosurgeon. Dr Turnbull practiced at a time when the perception of his speciality was dim, and the resources available to him were limited. However, Dr Turnbull overcame these obstacles, and two World Wars to help change the landscape of neurosurgery in the northwest Canada, and his career achievements also extend into medical politics and medical education...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931967/can-we-trust-measures-of-political-trust-assessing-measurement-equivalence-in-diverse-regime-types
#5
Irena Schneider
Do standard "trust in government" survey questions deliver measures which are reliable and equivalent in meaning across diverse regime types? I test for the measurement equivalence of political trust in a sample of 35 former Soviet and European countries using the 2010 Life in Transition Survey II conducted by the World Bank and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Employing multiple group confirmatory factor analysis, I find that trust perceptions in central political institutions differ from (1) trust in regional and local political institutions, (2) trust in protective institutions like the armed forces and police and (3) trust in order institutions like the courts and police...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931482/policy-and-political-advocacy-comparison-study-of-nursing-faculty-to-determine-current-practices-perceptions-and-barriers-to-teaching-health-policy
#6
Suzanne Staebler, Jane Campbell, Patsy Cornelius, Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Eileen Fry-Bowers, Ying Mai Kung, David LaFevers, Janice Miller
PURPOSE: To better understand policy/advocacy concepts and methodology utilized in all levels of nursing educational programs and develop clarity concerning structure of policy content and integration across all levels of education. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data obtained from a survey sent to 19,043 nursing faculty in the United States; 598 total responses; 514 complete responses. Quantitative data points were analyzed using SPSS and qualitative data was grouped and analyzed by theme...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931228/civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-emergencies-and-international-law-understanding-the-intersection
#7
Claire E Brolan, Hebe Gouda
Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are typically run by governments to record every birth, adoption, death, marriage, and divorce that occurs among a country's population. Registration of vital events provides individuals with a formal relationship with the State and each other, and is the foundation of a person's identity, nationality, and legal status. At a population level, vital statistics are essential for effective planning and implementation of policies and services. Globally, strong CRVS systems are increasingly recognised as a crucial backbone for redressing health inequities and as a priority in strengthening global health and development efforts...
May 1, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931119/aging-in-the-republic-of-bulgaria
#8
Natalie Pitheckoff
Bulgaria, a southeastern European nation with 7.1 million inhabitants, is ranked 4th in the world for its rate of population aging. Bulgaria has one of the highest proportions of older adults in the world with approximately 20% aged 65 and older. Three main demographic factors have led to rapid population aging. These include emigration, high death rates, and low birth rates. This "perfect storm" of demographic factors has created numerous political, social, and economic challenges for Bulgaria. For example, informal support of older adults is declining as younger generations move abroad or to urban areas for greater employment opportunities...
October 1, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931023/parsimonious-data-how-a-single-facebook-like-predicts-voting-behavior-in-multiparty-systems
#9
Jakob Bæk Kristensen, Thomas Albrechtsen, Emil Dahl-Nielsen, Michael Jensen, Magnus Skovrind, Tobias Bornakke
This study shows how liking politicians' public Facebook posts can be used as an accurate measure for predicting present-day voter intention in a multiparty system. We highlight that a few, but selective digital traces produce prediction accuracies that are on par or even greater than most current approaches based upon bigger and broader datasets. Combining the online and offline, we connect a subsample of surveyed respondents to their public Facebook activity and apply machine learning classifiers to explore the link between their political liking behaviour and actual voting intention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930953/proposed-clinical-pathway-for-nonoperative-management-of-high-grade-pediatric-pancreatic-injuries-based-on-a-multicenter-analysis-a-pediatric-trauma-society-collaborative
#10
Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, Eric H Rosenfeld, Ankush Gosain, Randall Burd, Richard A Falcone, Rajan Thakkar, Barbara Gaines, David Mooney, Mauricio Escobar, Mubeen Jafri, Anthony Stallion, Denise B Klinkner, Robert Russell, Brendan Campbell, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey Upperman, David Juang, Shawn St Peter, Stephon J Fenton, Marianne Beaudin, Hale Wills, Adam Vogel, Stephanie Polites, Adam Pattyn, Christine Leeper, Laura V Veras, Ilan Maizlin, Shefali Thaker, Alexis Smith, Megan Waddell, Joseph Drews, James Gilmore, Lindsey Armstrong, Alexis Sandler, Suzanne Moody, Brandon Behrens, Laurence Carmant
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for nonoperative management (NOM) of high-grade pancreatic injuries in children have not been established, and wide practice variability exists. The purpose of this study was to evaluate common clinical strategies across multiple pediatric trauma centers to develop a consensus-based standard clinical pathway. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective review was conducted of children with high-grade (American Association of Surgeons for Trauma grade III-V) pancreatic injuries treated with NOM between 2010 and 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930706/giving-voice-to-the-voiceless-the-colorado-response-to-unrepresented-patients
#11
Deb Bennett-Woods, Jean Abbott, Jacqueline J Glover
Medical decision making on behalf of unrepresented patients is one of the most challenging ethical issues faced in clinical practice. The legal environment surrounding these patients is equally complex. This article describes the efforts of a small coalition of interested healthcare professionals to address the issue in Colorado. A brief history of the effort is presented, along with discussion of the legal, ethical, practical, and political dimensions that arose in Colorado's effort to address decision making for unrepresented patients through an extension of the existing Colorado Medical Treatment Decision Act (CRS 15-18)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930064/increasing-alcohol-taxes-analysis-of-case-studies-from-illinois-maryland-and-massachusetts
#12
Rebecca L Ramirez, David H Jernigan
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of alcohol taxes in reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related problems is well established in research, yet increases in U.S. state alcohol taxes are uncommon. This study examined how alcohol tax increases occurred recently in three U.S. states, what public health's role was, and what can be learned from those experiences. METHOD: Review of available documentation and news media content analysis provided context and, along with snowball sampling, helped identify proponents, opponents, and neutral parties in each state...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929871/japanese-healthcare-fostering-competition-and-controlling-costs
#13
James H Tiessen, Ken Kato
Japan's universal healthcare system is relatively inexpensive, provides accessible services, and was established nearly 10 years before Canada's. Two aspects of Japan's system are particularly interesting. The first is that there is active competition for patients between a variety of hospital providers, which can be privately or publicly owned. This competition is based on service quality because prices are set centrally. The second feature is that these prices are adjusted biannually by a National Council, the Chuikyo, that includes payers (employers), providers, and third-party experts in public negotiations...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929182/public-awareness-of-poverty-as-a-determinant-of-health-survey-results-from-23-countries
#14
Olaf von dem Knesebeck, Nico Vonneilich, Tae Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine (1) variations in the public awareness of poverty as a determinant of health and (2) associations of individual and macro level factors with awareness. METHODS: Analyses are based on the International Social Survey Programme. Data stem from 23 countries (N = 37,228) that were assigned to six welfare states. Sociodemographic, socio-economic, and health-related factors were considered as individual level characteristics. Gross domestic product, relative poverty rate, Gini coefficient, and magnitude of health inequalities were additionally introduced as macro level factors...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928321/opening-gambit-strategic-options-to-initiate-the-tobacco-endgame
#15
Pranay Lal, Rana J Singh, Ashish Kumar Pandey
Endgame strategies to rapidly hasten the decline of tobacco are already well within reach; a few plausible policy options are outlined herein for policy practitioners, tobacco control advocates, and public health specialists. The implementation of these measures which already exist within the gamut of existing legislation requires the galvanization of political will. The options we essay include liquidating existing public investments in tobacco, holding tobacco companies accountable within the jurisdictions of their operations, fixing liability for injury and the imposition of realistic costs on insurance providers...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928278/an-interview-with-george-daley
#16
Aidan Maartens
George Daley is Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Professor of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, and Caroline Shields Walker Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. A former Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator and President of the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) from 2007-2008, his lab works on the biology and clinical application of stem cells, with a particular focus on hematopoiesis. He was awarded the Public Service Award at the ISSCR 2017 meeting in Boston, where we caught up with him to discuss his move from the lab to the clinic and back again, his quest to derive human hematopoietic stem cells in vitro, and his advocacy for science in uncertain political times...
September 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928150/greater-internet-use-is-not-associated-with-faster-growth-in-political-polarization-among-us-demographic-groups
#17
Levi Boxell, Matthew Gentzkow, Jesse M Shapiro
We combine eight previously proposed measures to construct an index of political polarization among US adults. We find that polarization has increased the most among the demographic groups least likely to use the Internet and social media. Our overall index and all but one of the individual measures show greater increases for those older than 65 than for those aged 18-39. A linear model estimated at the age-group level implies that the Internet explains a small share of the recent growth in polarization.
September 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927450/unit-cost-of-healthcare-services-at-200-bed-public-hospitals-in-myanmar-what-plays-an-important-role-of-hospital-budgeting
#18
Thet Mon Than, Yu Mon Saw, Moe Khaing, Ei Mon Win, Su Myat Cho, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Eiko Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Hamajima
BACKGROUND: Cost information is important for efficient allocation of healthcare expenditure, estimating future budget allocation, and setting user fees to start new financing systems. Myanmar is in political transition, and trying to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. This study assessed the unit cost of healthcare services at two public hospitals in the country from the provider perspective. The study also analyzed the cost structure of the hospitals to allocate and manage the budgets appropriately...
September 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927348/creating-a-medical-education-enterprise-leveling-the-playing-fields-of-medical-education-vs-medical-science-research-within-core-missions
#19
Satid Thammasitboon, B Lee Ligon, Geeta Singhal, Gordon E Schutze, Teri L Turner
BACKGROUND: Unlike publications of medical science research that are more readily rewarded, clinician-educators' scholarly achievements are more nebulous and under-recognized. OBJECTIVE: Create an education enterprise that empowers clinician-educators to engage in a broad range of scholarly activities and produce educational scholarship using strategic approaches to level the playing fields within an organization. DESIGN: The authors analyzed the advantages and disadvantages experienced by medical science researchers vs...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926568/changing-hearts-and-minds-results-from-a-multi-country-gender-and-sexual-diversity-training
#20
Tonia Poteat, Chulwoo Park, Diego Solares, John K Williams, R Cameron Wolf, Noah Metheny, Andrea Vazzano, Juan Dent, Ashley Gibbs, Bareng Aletta Sanny Nonyane, Nora Toiv
Engaging key populations, including gender and sexual minorities, is essential to meeting global targets for reducing new HIV infections and improving the HIV continuum of care. Negative attitudes toward gender and sexual minorities serve as a barrier to political will and effective programming for HIV health services. The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), established in 2003, provided Gender and Sexual Diversity Trainings for 2,825 participants including PEPFAR staff and program implementers, U...
2017: PloS One
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