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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108593/the-differentiated-effects-of-health-on-political-participation
#1
Jérôme Couture, Sandra Breux
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that an individual's state of health can significantly affect their decision to vote, but analysis is often only done on a single level of government; the national level. However, prior research has shown that the determining factors for voting can differ according to the level of government being considered. Our analysis is the first attempt to take a comprehensive look at the magnitude of health and political participation in a same country on different levels...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108495/neural-representations-of-belief-concepts-a-representational-similarity-approach-to-social-semantics
#2
Anna Leshinskaya, Juan Manuel Contreras, Alfonso Caramazza, Jason P Mitchell
The present experiment identified neural regions that represent a class of concepts that are independent of perceptual or sensory attributes. During functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning, participants viewed names of social groups (e.g. Atheists, Evangelicals, and Economists) and performed a one-back similarity judgment according to 1 of 2 dimensions of belief attributes: political orientation (Liberal to Conservative) or spiritualism (Spiritualist to Materialist). By generalizing across a wide variety of social groups that possess these beliefs, these attribute concepts did not coincide with any specific sensory quality, allowing us to target conceptual, rather than perceptual, representations...
January 19, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107786/introduction-to-global-health-promotion
#3
Jennifer Torres
Global health education is becoming increasingly prominent in universities throughout the country especially in programs focused on health and behavioral sciences, law, economics, and political science. Introduction to Global Health Promotion is a book that can be used by both instructors and students in the field of global health. The book provides theories and models, human rights, and technology relevant to the field. In addition the book is designed to share best evidence for promoting health and reducing morbidity and mortality in a variety of areas...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107541/recent-themes-in-social-networking-service-research
#4
John S Liu, Mei Hsiu-Ching Ho, Louis Y Y Lu
The body of literature addressing the phenomenon related to social networking services (SNSs) has grown rather fast recently. Through a systematic and quantitative approach, this study identifies the recent SNS research themes, which are the issues discussed by a coherent and growing subset of this literature. A set of academic articles retrieved from the Web of Science database is used as the basis for uncovering the recent themes. We begin the analysis by constructing a citation network which is further separated into groups after applying a widely used clustering method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107164/decreasing-human-trafficking-through-sex-work-decriminalization
#5
Erin Albright, Kate D'Adamo
In order to decrease human trafficking, health care workers should support the full decriminalization of prostitution. Similar to trafficking in other forms of labor, preventing trafficking in the sex trade requires addressing the different forms of marginalization that create vulnerable communities. By removing punitive laws that prevent reporting of exploitation and abuse, decriminalization allows sex workers to work more safely, thereby reducing marginalization and vulnerability. Decriminalization can also help destigmatize sex work and help resist political, social, and cultural marginalization of sex workers...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107151/saving-the-starfish-physicians-roles-in-responding-to-human-rights-abuses-in-global-health-practice
#6
Monir Moniruzzaman
This paper examines how an overseas medical student can improve the life of a kamlari, an indentured servant girl in Nepal. I argue that physicians and students should not only provide care for the health and well-being of patients but also act to ameliorate the suffering of their patients, particularly when patients' social, cultural, economic, and political vulnerabilities overshadow their immediate clinical needs. I also address the point that medical schools need to offer courses on health advocacy and activism in order to promote health equity and social justice for all...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107045/examining-bidirectional-pathways-between-exposure-to-political-violence-and-adolescent-adjustment-in-northern-ireland
#7
E Mark Cummings, Laura K Taylor, Han Du, Christine E Merrilees, Marcie Goeke-Morey, Peter Shirlow
Research on social ecologies of political violence has been largely confined to cross-sectional tests of the impact of political violence on child adjustment, limiting perspectives on more nuanced causal pathways, including tests of reciprocal relations between exposure to political violence and child adjustment. Based on a four-wave longitudinal study, this research breaks new ground in assessing bidirectional relations between exposure to political violence in the form of experience with sectarian antisocial behavior and adolescents' adjustment problems...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105478/the-need-for-strategic-development-of-safety-sciences
#8
Francois Busquet, Thomas Hartung
The practice of risk assessment and regulation of substances has largely developed as a patchwork of circumstantial additions to a nowadays more or less shared international toolbox. The dominant drivers from the US and Europe have pursued remarkably different approaches in the use of these tools for regulation, i.e., a more risk-based approach in the US and a more precautionary approach in Europe. We argue that there is need for scientific developments not only for the tools but also for their application, i...
2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104303/addressing-health-inequalities-by-using-structural-funds-a-question-of-opportunities
#9
Oana Maria Neagu, Kai Michelsen, Jonathan Watson, Barrie Dowdeswell, Helmut Brand
Making up a third of the EU budget, Structural and Investment Funds can provide important opportunities for investing in policies that tackle inequalities in health. This article looks back and forward at the 2007-2013 and 2014-2020 financial periods in an attempt to inform the development of health equity as a strand of policy intervention under regional development. It combines evidence from health projects funded through Structural Funds and a document analyses that locates interventions for health equity under the new regulations...
January 7, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103408/functional-planning-units-for-the-management-of-an-endangered-brazilian-titi-monkey
#10
Sidney F Gouveia, João Pedro Souza-Alves, Bruno B de Souza, Raone Beltrão-Mendes, Leandro Jerusalinsky, Stephen F Ferrari
Conservation practices in the tropics often rely on the data available for a few, better-known species and the adoption of an appropriate spatial scale. By defining a set of landscape units that account for critical aspects of the focal species, the information available on these conservation targets can support regional conservation policies. Here, we define and classify adjacent landscapes, termed planning units, to orientate management decisions within and among these landscapes, which are occupied by an endangered flagship primate species (Coimbra-Filho's titi monkey, Callicebus coimbrai) from eastern Brazil...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102112/dutiful-daughters-hiv-aids-moral-pragmatics-female-citizenship-and-structural-violence-among-devadasis-in-northern-karnataka-india
#11
Shamshad Khan, Robert Lorway, Claudyne Chevrier, Sumit Dutta, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Anu Roy, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sharmistha Mishra, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Marissa Becker
Decades of research have documented how sex workers worldwide, particularly female sex workers (FSWs), shoulder a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. In India, although a substantial progress has been made in controlling the epidemic, its prevalence among FSWs and the Devadasis (also called traditional sex workers) in northern Karnataka is still significantly high. On the other hand, much of the HIV prevention research has focused on their mapping and size estimation, typologies, bio-behavioural surveillance, condom use and other prevention technologies...
January 19, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101758/applying-collaborative-learning-and-quality-improvement-to-public-health-lessons-from-the-collaborative-improvement-and-innovation-network-coiin-to-reduce-infant-mortality
#12
Reem M Ghandour, Katherine Flaherty, Ashley Hirai, Vanessa Lee, Deborah Klein Walker, Michael C Lu
OBJECTIVES: Infant mortality remains a significant public health problem in the U.S. The Collaborative Improvement & Innovation Network (CoIIN) model is an innovative approach, using the science of quality improvement and collaborative learning, which was applied across 13 Southern states in Public Health Regions IV and VI to reduce infant mortality and improve birth outcomes. We provide an in-depth discussion of the history, development, implementation, and adaptation of the model based on the experience of the original CoIIN organizers and participants...
January 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101730/concepts-for-studying-urban-environmental-justice
#13
REVIEW
Jason Corburn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper offers research frameworks for understanding and acting to address urban environmental justice. Urban neighborhoods tend to concentrate and colocate vulnerable people and toxic environments. Cities are also where the poor and people of color tend to be disproportionately exposed to environmental hazards, such as air pollution, lead in paint and water, and polluting industries. RECENT FINDINGS: Researchers and government agencies are increasingly recognizing the need to document cumulative exposures that the urban poor and people of color experience in addition to environmental hazards...
January 18, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101328/perceived-health-status-in-a-comparative-perspective-methodological-limitations-and-policy-implications-for-israel
#14
Baruch Levi
BACKGROUND: The perceived health status indicator included in the OECD Health Statistics suffers from severe methodological limitations related to data collection. Furthermore, this indicator is also included in the OECD's Better Life Index, thus distorting the total health score of some OECD countries, among them Israel. The purpose of this paper is to explore the erroneous use of OECD health data in Israel and to warn of its implications. METHODS: Analysis of data from the OECD Health Database, Better Life Index and the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, review of media reports and governmental documents concerning health measures, conversations and correspondence held with officials in the relevant organizations...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100293/psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-europe
#15
W Rössler, R E Drake
To describe the core elements of modern psychiatric rehabilitation. Based on selected examples we describe the discussion about values in mental health care with focus on Europe. We present outcome data from studies, which have tried to implement care structures based on this value discussion. In the second half of the 20th century, mental health care in all European and other high-income countries changed conceptually and structurally. Deinstitutionalisation reduced the number of psychiatric beds and transferred priority to outpatient care and community-based services, but community mental health programs developed differently across and within these countries...
January 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099465/impact-of-a-multi-strategy-community-intervention-to-reduce-maternal-and-child-health-inequalities-in-india-a-qualitative-study-in-haryana
#16
Madhu Gupta, Hans Bosma, Federica Angeli, Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Monica Rana, Onno C P van Schayck
A multi-strategy community intervention, known as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), was implemented in India from 2005 to 2012. By improving the availability of and access to better-quality healthcare, the aim was to reduce maternal and child health (MCH) inequalities. This study was planned to explore the perceptions and beliefs of stakeholders about extent of implementation and effectiveness of NRHM's health sector plans in improving MCH status and reducing inequalities. A total of 33 in-depth interviews (n = 33) with program managers, community representatives, mothers and 8 focus group discussions (n = 42) with health service providers were conducted from September to December 2013, in Haryana, post NRHM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097531/living-donor-liver-transplant-ldlt-is-the-way-forward-in-asia
#17
Mohamed Rela, Mettu Srinivas Reddy
Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is currently the commonest form of liver transplantation in Asia. Efforts to improve the number of deceased donor liver transplantation have not been uniformly successful. We believe that THE unique combination of demographic, social, economic and political factors that exist in Asia will ensure that LDLT will continue to remain the predominant form of liver transplantation. While efforts to increase deceased donation rates should continue and intensify, progress in LDLT should also be supported and encouraged, as it will be the main workhorse of liver transplantation in Asia in the near and medium-term future...
January 17, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096752/we-can-be-heroes-mla-s-leadership-journey-s
#18
Mary Joan M J Tooey
OBJECTIVE: Are there key attributes of leaders? Extrovert versus introvert? Charismatic? Detail oriented? Visionary? How do past leaders of the Medical Library Association (MLA) stack up? What leadership skills will MLA's leaders need in a complex information future? Leadership attributes of MLA's past and current presidents were studied to determine the common characteristics shared among these leaders. An examination of the leadership literature identified critical leadership characteristics essential to successful future leaders...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096096/political-crisis-in-the-nhs
#19
EDITORIAL
Chris Ham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095283/substance-use-among-european-students-east-west-comparison-between-1995-and-2011
#20
Alojz Nociar, Janusz Sierosławski, Ladislav Csémy
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate long-term trends differences in student substance misuse between countries of former Eastern Bloc (FEB) and Western Europe (WEST). Overall data on student substance misuse gathered in five waves of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) conducted between 1995 and 2011 were pooled and analysed. Findings were compared between FEB and WEST countries at the five time-points of data collection. METHODS: Over 396,000 of 16 years old students from thirteen FEB and thirteen WEST countries completed anonymous ESPAD questionnaires...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
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