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Nutrition policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909562/educating-restaurant-owners-and-cooks-to-lower-their-own-sodium-intake-is-a-potential-strategy-for-reducing-the-sodium-contents-of-restaurant-foods-a-small-scale-pilot-study-in-south-korea
#1
Sohyun Park, Heeseung Lee, Dong-Il Seo, Kwang-Hwan Oh, Taik Gun Hwang, Bo Youl Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of a sodium reduction program at local restaurants through nutrition education and examination of the health of restaurant owners and cooks. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study was a single-arm pilot intervention using a pre-post design in one business district with densely populated restaurants in Seoul, South Korea. The intervention focused on improving nutrition behaviors and psychosocial factors through education, health examination, and counseling of restaurant personnel...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909262/overcoming-the-limits-of-evidence-on-effective-multisectoral-nutrition-policy
#2
Madhu Kumar Marasini, Ssansa Mugenyi
The multisectoral approach has evolved as a popular instrument to attain nutrition goals and targets. But as policy makers, we need timely, relevant, and accurate information in order to effectively support these plans. This commentary comes from the members of the nutrition secretariats at the National Planning Commission in Nepal and the Office of the Prime Minister in Uganda on availability and use of evidence and the nutrition policy cycle. As has been highlighted in this supplement, some of the challenges we have faced include tracking nutrition spending and limited human resource capacity...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909261/measuring-nutrition-governance-an-analysis-of-commitment-capability-and-collaboration-in-nepal
#3
Patrick Webb, Shibani Ghosh, Robin Shrestha, Grace Namirembe, Sabi Gurung, Diplav Sapkota, Winnie Fay Bell, Dale Davis, Eileen Kennedy, Shailes Neupane, Swetha Manohar, Kedar Baral
BACKGROUND: Global commitments to nutrition have supported calls for better evidence to support effective investments at national level. However, too little attention has so far been paid to the role of governance in achieving impacts. OBJECTIVE: This article explores the ways by which the commitment and capabilities of policy implementers affect collaborative efforts for achieving nutrition goals. METHODS: Over 1370 structured interviews were held with government and nongovernment officials over 3 years in 21 districts...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909260/prioritizing-and-funding-nepal-s-multisector-nutrition-plan
#4
Amanda Pomeroy-Stevens, Madhukar B Shrestha, Monica Biradavolu, Kusum Hachhethu, Robin Houston, Indu Sharma, Jolene Wun
BACKGROUND: Nepal has a long tradition of designing good multisectoral nutrition policy. However, success of policy implementation has varied. More evidence on how to successfully carry out multisector nutrition policy is needed. OBJECTIVE: We tracked the influence of Nepal's multisectoral nutrition plan (MSNP) on the process of priority setting and budgeting from 2014 to 2016. METHODS: This study used a mixed-method longitudinal design to track qualitative and budgetary changes related to MSNP processes nationally as well as in 3 districts...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909259/assessing-progress-in-implementing-uganda-s-nutrition-action-plan-district-level-insights
#5
Edgar Agaba, Amanda Pomeroy-Stevens, Shibani Ghosh, Jeffrey K Griffiths
BACKGROUND: The 2011 Uganda Nutrition Action Plan (UNAP) established 2016 maternal and child nutrition targets. However, there is a lack of routine district-level data collection to assess UNAP implementation. OBJECTIVE: To use Nutrition Innovation Lab (NIL) data to inform policy makers on the progress of UNAP-related indicators. METHODS: The NIL collected serial household-level survey data (n = 3600) in 6 districts, including 2 UNAP implementation districts, in 2012 and 2014...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909257/implementing-multisector-nutrition-programs-in-ethiopia-and-nepal-challenges-and-opportunities-from-a-stakeholder-perspective
#6
Eileen Kennedy, Habtamu Fekadu, Shibani Ghosh, Kedar Baral, Dale Davis, Diplav Sapkota, Patrick Webb
Effective governance is essential for effective nutrition program implementation. There are additional challenges in launching multisector plans to enhance nutritional status. The present study compares the challenges and opportunities in Ethiopia and Nepal in designing and implementing a multisector plan for nutrition. A semi-quantitative questionnaire with open-ended questions was used to solicit information from senior national-level policy officials and other key stakeholders. The nature of the major nutrition problems in each country was similar; these include malnutrition (particularly stunting), food insecurity, and micronutrient malnutrition...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909256/optimizing-the-multisectoral-nutrition-policy-cycle-a-systems-perspective
#7
Sascha Lamstein, Amanda Pomeroy-Stevens, Patrick Webb, Eileen Kennedy
Based on the data collected in Uganda, Nepal, and Ethiopia, the papers included in this supplement fill a critical gap in evidence regarding multisectoral National Nutrition Action Plans. The studies offer new data and new thinking on how and why governance, effective financial decentralization, and improved accountability all matter for nutrition actions in low-income countries. This introductory paper offers an overview of the current state of evidence and thinking on the multisectoral nutrition policy cycle, including how governance and financing support that process...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902503/bedside-placement-of-the-postpyloric-tube-in-infants
#8
Patricia Clifford, Elizabeth Ely, Lauren Heimall
BACKGROUND: Patients in the neonatal intensive care unit are a vulnerable population with specific nutritional requirements, which include increased protein and caloric needs for adequate growth. Some infants cannot tolerate gastric feeds and need to have postpyloric feeds to grow. Placement of a postpyloric tube can be done by gastric insufflation. Gastric insufflation is a technique where air is inserted into the stomach as a nasogastric tube is advanced through the pylorus to the duodenum...
November 29, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901036/the-effects-of-policy-actions-to-improve-population-dietary-patterns-and-prevent-diet-related-non-communicable-diseases-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
L Hyseni, M Atkinson, H Bromley, L Orton, F Lloyd-Williams, R McGill, S Capewell
Poor diet generates a bigger non-communicable disease (NCD) burden than tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity combined. We reviewed the potential effectiveness of policy actions to improve healthy food consumption and thus prevent NCDs. This scoping review focused on systematic and non-systematic reviews and categorised data using a seven-part framework: price, promotion, provision, composition, labelling, supply chain, trade/investment and multi-component interventions. We screened 1805 candidate publications and included 58 systematic and non-systematic reviews...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899799/population-health-based-approaches-to-utilizing-digital-technology-a-strategy-for-equity
#10
Garth N Graham, MaryLynn Ostrowski, Alyse B Sabina
Health care disparities and high chronic disease rates burden many communities and disproportionally impact racial/ethnic populations in the United States. These disparities vary geographically, increase health care expenses, and result in shortened lifespans. Digital technologies may be one tool for addressing health disparities and improving population health by increasing individuals' access to health information-especially as most low-income U.S. residents gain access to smartphones. The Aetna Foundation partners with organizations to use digital technologies, including mobile applications, data collection, and related platforms, for learning and sharing...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890020/choice-architecture-to-promote-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-by-families-participating-in-the-special-supplemental-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic-randomized-corner-store-pilot-study
#11
Anne N Thorndike, Oliver-John M Bright, Melissa A Dimond, Ronald Fishman, Douglas E Levy
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study to determine if improving the visibility and quality of fresh produce (choice architecture) in corner stores would increase fruit/vegetable purchases by families participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). DESIGN: Six stores were randomly assigned to choice architecture intervention or control. Store-level WIC sales data were provided by the state. Primary outcomes were WIC fruit/vegetable voucher and non-fruit/vegetable voucher sales, comparing trends from baseline (December 2012-October 2013) with the five-month intervention period (December 2013-April 2014)...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887613/enhancing-evidence-use-in-public-health-nutrition-policymaking-theoretical-insights-from-a-new-zealand-case-study
#12
P Field, R Gauld, M Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Enhancing the use of evidence in policymaking is critical to addressing the global burden of nutrition-related disease. Whilst the public health nutrition community has embraced evidence-informed policymaking, their approach of defining relevant evidence and evaluating policy has not brought about major shifts in policymaking. This article uses a public health nutrition case study to refine a novel theory-informed framework for enhancing the use of evidence in government public health nutrition policymaking...
November 25, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886703/science-the-cornerstone-of-nutrition-policy-promotion-and-practice
#13
Angie Tagtow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886526/food-and-beverage-product-reformulation-as-a-corporate-political-strategy
#14
C Scott, B Hawkins, C Knai
Product reformulation- the process of altering a food or beverage product's recipe or composition to improve the product's health profile - is a prominent response to the obesity and noncommunicable disease epidemics in the U.S. To date, reformulation in the U.S. has been largely voluntary and initiated by actors within the food and beverage industry. Similar voluntary efforts by the tobacco and alcohol industry have been considered to be a mechanism of corporate political strategy to shape public health policies and decisions to suit commercial needs...
November 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886131/changes-in-meat-poultry-fish-consumption-in-australia-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#15
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Judy Cunningham, Anna Rangan
The purpose of the study was to examine temporal changes in meat/poultry/fish consumption patterns between 1995 and 2011-2012 in the Australian population. Meat/poultry/fish consumption from all food sources, including recipes, was analysed by gender, age group, and socio-economic status using 24-h recall data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey (n = 13,858) and the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). The overall proportion of people consuming meat/poultry/fish remained stable (91...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883192/a-call-to-action-to-reshape-evidence-synthesis-and-use-for-nutrition-policy
#16
EDITORIAL
Mark Lawrence, Celeste Naude, Rebecca Armstrong, Lisa Bero, Namukolo Covic, Solange Durao, Davina Ghersi, Geraldine Macdonald, Harriet MacLehose, Barrie Margetts, David Tovey, Jimmy Volmink, Taryn Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881390/dietary-quality-of-the-us-child-and-adolescent-population-trends-from-1999-to-2012-and-associations-with-the-use-of-federal-nutrition-assistance-programs
#17
Xiao Gu, Katherine L Tucker
BACKGROUND: The state of the economy, changes in federal food assistance programs, and policies related to nutrition and the food supply in the United States may influence dietary quality in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: We investigated dietary quality trends from 1999 to 2012 in the US child and adolescent population and their associations with socioeconomic status and participation in federal food assistance programs. DESIGN: In this study, a nationally representative sample of 38,487 children and adolescents, aged 2-18 y, in the NHANES from 1999 to 2012 were included...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881193/message-framing-in-the-context-of-the-national-menu-labelling-policy-a-comparison-of-public-health-and-private-industry-interests
#18
Rachel C Shelton, James Colgrove, Grace Lee, Michelle Truong, Gina M Wingood
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a content analysis of public comments to understand the key framing approaches used by private industry v. public health sector, with the goal of informing future public health messaging, framing and advocacy in the context of policy making. DESIGN: Comments to the proposed menu-labelling policy were extracted from Regulations.gov and analysed. A framing matrix was used to organize and code key devices and themes. Documents were analysed using content analysis with Dedoose software...
November 24, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878696/under-regional-characteristics-of-rural-china-a-clearer-view-on-the-performance-of-the-new-rural-cooperative-medical-scheme
#19
Dan Liu, Daniel Tsegai, David Litaker, Joachim von Braun
The New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) was implemented in 2003 in response to the poor state of health care in rural China. Considering the substantial differences in regional socioeconomics, preferences for health care needs, and concurrent implementation of other health-related policies, the extent to which the impact of the NCMS differs in rural communities across China is unclear. The objective of this paper, therefore, was to explore the variation in the determinants of household enrolment and the impact of enrolment on health care utilization and medical expenditures in three large geographic regions in China...
December 2015: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875834/medical-social-and-supportive-services-for-older-adults-with-hiv
#20
Lisa E Cox, Mark Brennan-Ing
Older people living with HIV are increasingly requiring formal supportive community-based services. Supportive services are essential to medical care and treatment for older people living with HIV/AIDS. This chapter considers Andersen's behavioral model of health services, and explores the predisposing, enabling, and need factors that affect service utilization among the older HIV population. The Andersen model provides a lens to understand the need for supportive services to go beyond primary medical care...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
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