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Nutrition policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943475/nutrition-labeling-reduces-valuations-of-food-through-multiple-health-and-taste-channels
#1
Geoffrey Fisher
One popularized technique to promote healthy dietary choice involves posting calorie or other nutritional information at the time individuals make a consumption decision. While the evidence on the effectiveness of such interventions is mixed, relatively little work has focused on the underlying mechanisms of how such labels alter behavior. In the research reported here, we asked hungry laboratory subjects to make bids over foods with and without nutrition labels present. We found that the presence of a nutrition label reduced bids by an average of 25 cents...
September 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942749/improving-nutrition-sensitivity-of-social-protection-programmes-in-ghana
#2
Amos K Laar, Richmond N O Aryeetey, Mary Mpereh, Francis B Zotor
Social protection (SP) has been demonstrated as an effective tool against poverty and severe hunger. In Ghana, SP interventions have been employed to address vulnerability to poverty since 1965. Nevertheless, its potential for enhancing nutrition has hardly been explored. To harness the cross-sectoral benefits of scaling up nutrition-sensitive actions in Ghana, the national development planning commission requested an assessment of nutrition linkages across existing SP policies and programmes. The present paper presents gaps and opportunities for improving nutrition-sensitivity of existing SP programming in Ghana...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938764/nutrient-composition-and-retention-in-whole-turkeys-with-and-without-added-solution
#3
J R Williams, J M Roseland, Q V Nguyen, J C Howe, K Y Patterson, P R Pehrsson, L D Thompson
Whole turkeys sold in retail outlets are typically processed with added solutions to improve their taste and tenderness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient composition of whole turkeys with and without added solution, and to update the nutrient profile of turkey for the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Eleven pairs of turkeys with added solution were obtained from statistically representative retail outlets using a nationwide sampling plan developed for USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program; 4 pairs of turkeys without added solution were purchased from local food outlets...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936391/evaluation-of-a-multi-year-policy-focused-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-related-behaviors-in-lower-resourced-early-care-and-education-settings-active-early-2-0
#4
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Jill Hoiting, Abbe Braun, Tara L LaRowe, Alexandra K Adams
Physical activity is a critical component of obesity prevention, but few interventions targeting early childhood have been described. The Active Early guide was designed to increase physical activity in early care and education (ECE) settings. The purpose of Active Early 2.0 was to evaluate the effectiveness of Active Early along with provider training, microgrant support, and technical assistance over 2 years (2012-2014) to increase physical activity and related behaviors (e.g., nutrition) in settings serving a high proportion of children from underserved groups in recognition of significant disparities in obesity and challenges meeting physical activity recommendations in low-resource settings...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930554/diet-microparticles-and-atherothrombosis
#5
Lina Badimon, Rosa Suades, Javier Crespo, Teresa Padro, Gemma Chiva-Blanch
Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death worldwide, and is principally caused by atherosclerosis, with subsequent thrombus formation, eventually provoking an acute myocardial infarction or a stroke. The formation and progression of the atherosclerotic plaques responds to multiple factors including certain diets. Intensive research has elucidated the role of diet in cardiovascular disease and has led to public health policies focusing on educating the population on the role of nutrition in cardiovascular health...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927927/-evaluation-of-a-modification-of-the-nutrition-policy-on-the-frequency-of-extrauterine-growth-retardation-in-premature-newborns-between-2012%C3%A2-and-2014
#6
A-S Pages, O Tandonnet, L Renesme
INTRODUCTION: Extrauterine growth restriction is associated with long-term effects on growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a change in nutritional policy on the postnatal growth of premature infants. METHOD: Prospective observational study carried out between 01/01/14 and 31/12/14 in all newborns under 33 weeks GA admitted to the Bordeaux University Hospital after modification of the nutrition policy at the beginning of January 2014...
September 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925065/barriers-to-and-enablers-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-scoping-review-and-stakeholder-consultation
#7
REVIEW
M Kebbe, S Damanhoury, N Browne, M P Dyson, T-L F McHugh, G D C Ball
Healthy lifestyle behaviours are key to successful weight management, but have proven to be challenging to attain for adolescents with obesity. The purpose of our scoping review was to (i) describe barriers and enablers that adolescents with obesity encounter for healthy nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits and (ii) identify gaps in the literature. We adhered to established methodology for scoping reviews. Six databases were searched (1980-June 2016) for original articles published in English or French that focused on lifestyle behaviours of 13- to 17-year-olds in paediatric weight management...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924002/variations-in-infant-and-childhood-vitamin-d-supplementation-programs-across-europe-and-factors-influencing-adherence
#8
Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, Wolfgang Hoegler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional rickets is a growing global public health concern despite existing prevention programs and health policies. We aimed to compare infant and childhood vitamin D supplementation policies, implementation strategies and practices across Europe and explore factors influencing adherence. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Bone and Growth Plate Working Group members and other specialists completed a questionnaire on country-specific vitamin D supplementation policy and child healthcare programs, socioeconomic factors, policy implementation strategies, and adherence...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923012/prevalence-of-frailty-and-its-associated-factors-in-older-hospitalised-patients-in-vietnam
#9
Huyen Thi Thanh Vu, Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Tu N Nguyen, Anh Trung Nguyen, Robert Cumming, Sarah Hilmer, Thang Pham
BACKGROUND: Frailty is an emerging issue in geriatrics and gerontology. The prevalence of frailty is increasing as the population ages. Like many developing countries, Vietnam has a rapidly ageing population. However, there have been no studies about frailty in older people in Vietnam. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of frailty and its associated factors in older hospitalised patients at the National Geriatric Hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS: Prospective observational study in inpatients aged ≥60 years at the National Geriatric Hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam from 4/2015 to 10/2015...
September 15, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#10
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919654/protecting-energy-intakes-against-income-shocks
#11
Stephanie von Hinke, George Leckie
Whether and how changes in economic circumstances or household income affect individuals' diet and nutritional intakes is of substantial interest for policy purposes. This paper exploits a period of substantial income volatility in Russia to examine the extent to which, as well as how individuals protect their energy intakes in the face of unanticipated shocks to household income. Using rich data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, our results suggest that households use substitution, disproportionally cutting back spending on non-foods to protect spending on foods, change the composition of the consumption basket, and increase the consumption of 'cheaper' calories...
September 2017: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#12
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919118/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-333-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE)...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917240/snack-and-beverage-consumption-and-preferences-in-a-sample-of-chinese-children-are-they-influenced-by-advertising
#14
Peng Liu, Yang Yu, Lesley King, Mu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The consumption of unhealthy snack and beverages can lead to childhood obesity, which has become a major concern globally. Television food advertisements may influence children's snack and beverages preferences. This article aims to explore children's snack and beverage consumption habits; examine the extent of television advertising for non-core (energy-dense, nutrient poor) snack and beverages; and assess the influence of television advertising on children's snack and beverages preferences in Harbin, China...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913331/health-effects-and-public-health-concerns-of-energy-drink-consumption-in-the-united-states-a-mini-review
#15
REVIEW
Laila Al-Shaar, Kelsey Vercammen, Chang Lu, Scott Richardson, Martha Tamez, Josiemer Mattei
As energy drink consumption continues to grow worldwide and within the United States, it is important to critically examine the nutritional content and effects on population health of these beverages. This mini-review summarizes the current scientific evidence on health consequences from energy drink consumption, presents relevant public health challenges, and proposes recommendations to mitigate these issues. Emerging evidence has linked energy drink consumption with a number of negative health consequences such as risk-seeking behaviors, poor mental health, adverse cardiovascular effects, and metabolic, renal, or dental conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912048/effectiveness-and-safety-of-robotic-assisted-versus-laparoscopic-hepatectomy-for-liver-neoplasms-a-meta-analysis-of-retrospective-studies
#16
REVIEW
Lidong Hu, Liang Yao, Xiaofei Li, Penghui Jin, Kehu Yang, Tiankang Guo
This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of RAH and LLR for liver neoplasms. A systematic search was performed in PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Library, Web of science, and China Biology Medicine disc up to July 2016 for studies that provided comparisons between the surgical outcomes of RAH and LLR for liver neoplasms. WMD, OR and 95% CI were calculated and data combined using the random-effect model. The quality of the evidence was assessed using GRADE methods. A total of 17 studies were included in the meta-analysis, in which 487 patients were in the RAH group and 902 patients were in the LLR group...
September 11, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904961/analysis-of-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-from-the-2010-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#17
Kyung Suk Lee, In-Hwan Oh, Sun Hee Choi, Yeong-Ho Rha
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease, but only few studies involved samples of children and adolescents that are representative of the entire Korean population. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of AD among children and adolescents in Korea by using nationally representative data. METHODS: We used data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2010 and retrospectively evaluated 2,116 children and adolescents...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902480/the-ontario-food-and-nutrition-strategy-identifying-indicators-of-food-access-and-food-literacy-for-early-monitoring-of-the-food-environment
#18
Beatrice A Boucher, Elizabeth Manafò, Meaghan R Boddy, Lynn Roblin, Rebecca Truscott
INTRODUCTION: To address challenges Canadians face within their food environments, a comprehensive, multistakeholder, intergovernmental approach to policy development is essential. Food environment indicators are needed to assess population status and change. The Ontario Food and Nutrition Strategy (OFNS) integrates the food, agriculture and nutrition sectors, and aims to improve the health of Ontarians through actions that promote healthy food systems and environments. This report describes the process of identifying indicators for 11 OFNS action areas in two strategic directions (SDs): Healthy Food Access, and Food Literacy and Skills...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902479/support-for-healthy-eating-at-schools-according-to-the-comprehensive-school-health-framework-evaluation-during-the-early-years-of-the-ontario-school-food-and-beverage-policy-implementation
#19
Taryn Orava, Steve Manske, Rhona Hanning
INTRODUCTION: Provincial, national and international public health agencies recognize the importance of school nutrition policies that help create healthful environments aligned with healthy eating recommendations for youth. School-wide support for healthy living within the pillars of the comprehensive school health (CSH) framework (social and physical environments; teaching and learning; healthy school policy; and partnerships and services) has been positively associated with fostering improvements to student health behaviours...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902317/-methodological-design-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2016
#20
Martín Romero-Martínez, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Ignacio Méndez Gómez-Humarán, Elsa Berenice Gaona-Pineda, Luz María Gómez-Acosta, Juan Ángel Rivera-Dommarco, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila
Objective: Describe the design methodology of the halfway health and nutrition national survey (Ensanut-MC) 2016. Materials and methods: The Ensanut-MC is a national probabilistic survey whose objective population are the inhabitants of private households in Mexico. The sample size was determined to make inferences on the urban and rural areas in four regions. Describes main design elements: target population, topics of study, sampling procedure, measurement procedure and logistics organization...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
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