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Nutrition policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345174/case-study-using-contemporary-behaviour-change-science-to-design-and-implement-an-effective-nutritional-intervention-within-professional-rugby-league
#1
Nessan Costello, Jim McKenna, Louise Sutton, Kevin Deighton, Ben Jones
Designing and implementing successful dietary intervention is integral to the role of sport nutrition professionals as they attempt to positively change the dietary behaviour of athletes. High-performance sport is a time-pressured environment where immediate results can often supersede pursuit of the most effective evidence-based practice. However, efficacious dietary intervention necessitates comprehensive, systematic and theoretical behavioural design and implementation if the habitual dietary behaviours of athletes are to be positively changed...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341026/trends-and-correlates-of-frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-2007-to-2014
#2
Cynthia K Colapinto, John Graham, Sylvie St-Pierre
BACKGROUND: Eating fruit and vegetables is recommended as part of a healthy diet. This study describes trends in the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption in Canada, the contribution of fruit juice to these trends, and correlates of the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption. DATA AND METHODS: The data are from the annual Canadian Community Health Survey for the 2007-to-2014 period and pertain to the household population aged 12 or older. Weighted frequencies and cross-tabulations were used to estimate the average frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption by socio-demographic characteristics and body mass index, age-standardized to the 2014 Canadian population...
January 17, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#3
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337880/the-sodium-and-potassium-content-of-the-most-commonly-available-street-foods-in-tajikistan-and-kyrgyzstan-in-the-context-of-the-feedcities-project
#4
Inês Lança de Morais, Nuno Lunet, Gabriela Albuquerque, Marcello Gelormini, Susana Casal, Albertino Damasceno, Olívia Pinho, Pedro Moreira, Jo Jewell, João Breda, Patrícia Padrão
This cross-sectional study is aimed at assessing sodium (Na) and potassium (K) content and the molar Na:K ratios of the most commonly available ready-to-eat street foods in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Four different samples of each of these foods were collected and 62 food categories were evaluated through bromatological analysis. Flame photometry was used to quantify sodium and potassium concentrations. The results show that home-made foods can be important sources of sodium. In particular, main dishes and sandwiches, respectively, contain more than 1400 and nearly 1000 mg Na in an average serving and provide approximately 70% and 50% of the maximum daily recommended values...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329533/nutritional-status-of-in-school-children-and-its-associated-factors-in-denkyembour-district-eastern-region-ghana-comparing-schools-with-feeding-and-non-school-feeding-policies
#5
Mavis Pearl Kwabla, Charlotte Gyan, Francis Zotor
BACKGROUND: Childhood malnutrition still remains a major public health problem impacting negatively on the academic aptitude of school-aged children (SAC) particularly in limited resource countries. The Government of Ghana in collaboration with the Dutch Government introduced the school feeding programme (SFP) to boost the nutritional status of SAC in the country. This study sought to compare the nutritional status of SAC enrolled in schools with the SFP and SAC enrolled in schools without the SFP in place for the purpose of identifying which group has the higher rate of malnutrition...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325398/health-priorities-in-french-speaking-swiss-cantons
#6
Philippe Chastonay, Jean Simos, Nicolas Cantoreggi, Rudolf Zurkinden, Thomas Mattig
In Switzerland, the federal authorities, the cantons, and the communes share the responsibility of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion policies. Yet, the cantons are in most health matters independent in their decisions, thus defining as a matter of fact their own health priorities. We examined and analysed the content of the disease prevention and health promotion plans elaborated during the last decade in six French-speaking cantons with different political contexts and resources, but quite similar population health data, in order to identify the set health priorities...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324563/nutritional-screening-assessment-and-implementation-strategies-for-adults-in-an-australian-acute-tertiary-hospital-a-best-practice-implementation-report
#7
Louise Smith, Amanda Chapman, Kelli Flowers, Kylie Wright, Tanghua Chen, Charmaine O'Connor, Cecilia Astorga, Nevenka Francis, Gia Vigh, Craig Wainwright
OBJECTIVE: The project aimed to improve the effectiveness of nutritional screening and assessment practices through clinical audits and the implementation of evidence-based practice recommendations. INTRODUCTION: In the absence of optimal nutrition, health may decline and potentially manifest as adverse health outcomes. In a hospitalized person, poor nutrition may adversely impact on the person's outcome. If the nutritional status can be ascertained, nutritional needs can be addressed and potential risks minimized...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323862/healthy-food-procurement-and-nutrition-standards-in-public-facilities-evidence-synthesis-and-consensus-policy-recommendations
#8
Kim D Raine, Kayla Atkey, Dana Lee Olstad, Alexa R Ferdinands, Dominique Beaulieu, Susan Buhler, Norm Campbell, Brian Cook, Mary L'Abbé, Ashley Lederer, David Mowat, Joshna Maharaj, Candace Nykiforuk, Jacob Shelley, Jacqueline Street
INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy foods are widely available in public settings across Canada, contributing to diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity. This is a concern given that public facilities often provide a significant amount of food for consumption by vulnerable groups, including children and seniors. Healthy food procurement policies, which support procuring, distributing, selling, and/or serving healthier foods, have recently emerged as a promising strategy to counter this public health issue by increasing access to healthier foods...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317011/declaration-of-nutrition-information-on-and-nutritional-quality-of-thai-ready-to-eat-packaged-food-products
#9
Suladda Pongutta, Pitipa Chongwatpol, Parwin Tantayapirak, Stefanie Vandevijvere
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the nutrition information displayed on ready-to-eat packaged foods and the nutritional quality of those food products in Thailand. DESIGN: In March 2015, the nutrition information panels and nutrition and health claims on ready-to-eat packaged foods were collected from the biggest store of each of the twelve major retailers, using protocols developed by the International Network for Food and Obesity/Non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS)...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316992/child-nutritional-status-in-egypt-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-socioeconomic-determinants-using-a-quantile-regression-approach
#10
Mesbah Fathy Sharaf, Elhussien Ibrahim Mansour, Ahmed Shoukry Rashad
This study examined the underlying demographic and socioeconomic determinants of child nutritional status in Egypt using data from the most recent round of the Demographic and Health Survey. The height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) was used as a measure of child growth. A quantile regression approach was used to allow for a heterogeneous effect of each determinant along different percentiles of the conditional distribution of the HAZ. A nationally representative sample of 13,682 children aged 0-4 years was drawn from the 2014 Egypt DHS...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316699/arizona-registered-dietitians-show-gaps-in-knowledge-of-bean-health-benefits
#11
Donna M Winham, Andrea M Hutchins, Sharon V Thompson, Mariah K Dougherty
Registered Dietitians (RDs) promote nutrition practices and policies and can influence food consumption patterns to include nutrient dense foods such as beans. Although many evidence-based health benefits of bean consumption (e.g., cholesterol reduction, glycemic control) have been demonstrated, there is limited research on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of RDs regarding the inclusion of beans in a healthy diet. To fill this existing research gap, this cross-sectional survey explored the perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of 296 RDs in Arizona, USA, toward beans...
January 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315391/international-trends-in-bottom-end-inequality-in-adolescent-physical-activity-and-nutrition-hbsc-study-2002-2014
#12
Yekaterina Chzhen, Irene Moor, William Pickett, Emilia Toczydlowska, Gonneke W J M Stevens
Background: In spite of many positive trends that have emerged in the health of young people, adolescents from more affluent groups continue to experience more favourable health outcomes. There are no groups that are more vulnerable than those who report very poor ('bottom-end') indicators of health behaviour. The present study investigated the role of socio-economic factors as potential determinants of bottom-end health behaviours pertaining to physical activity and diet. Methods: Our analysis incorporated health data for some 700 000 15-year-old adolescents in 34 countries...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310522/setting-nutritional-standards-theory-policies-practices
#13
Stefan Pohl-Valero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302556/process-evaluation-of-child-health-services-at-outreach-sites-during-health-and-nutrition-day-mamta-day-in-urban-slums-of-western-india
#14
Kedar Mehta, Chandresh Pandya, Paragkumar Chavda, Dipak Solanki
Introduction: Health indicators of rural and urban India show a wide variation. Rural areas have received large focus in child health services, but on the flip side, urban areas have been the last to receive such attention. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to include one randomly selected outreach session from all the 19 urban primary health centers of Vadodara city from April 2013 to May 2014. Nineteen session sites were observed for the process evaluation of three components of child health care, namely, "planning of Health and Nutrition Day," "availability of vaccines/logistics," and "direct observation of actual immunization process" at the site using a structured checklist...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298715/the-potential-of-task-shifting-selected-maternal-interventions-to-auxiliary-midwives-in-myanmar-a-mixed-method-study
#15
Kyu Kyu Than, Khaing Nwe Tin, Thazin La, Kyaw Soe Thant, Theingi Myint, James G Beeson, Stanley Luchters, Alison Morgan
BACKGROUND: An estimated 282 women die for every 100,000 live births in Myanmar, most due to preventable causes. Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) in Myanmar are responsible for providing a package of care during pregnancy and childbirth to women in rural hard to reach areas where skilled birth attendants (Midwives) are not accessible. This study aims to examine the role of AMWs in Myanmar and to assess the current practices of three proposed essential maternal interventions (oral supplement distribution to pregnant women; administration of misoprostol to prevent postpartum haemorrhage; management of puerperal sepsis with oral antibiotics) in order to facilitate a formal integration of these tasks to AMWs in Myanmar...
January 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298319/sex-specific-role-of-education-on-the-associations-of-socioeconomic-status-indicators-with-obesity-risk-a-population-based-study-in-south-korea
#16
Woojin Chung, Jaeyeun Kim, Seung-Ji Lim, Sunmi Lee
BACKGROUND: No study of obesity risk for people in developed countries has conducted a multi-dimensional analysis of the association of socioeconomic status with obesity. In this paper, we investigated if education functions as either a confounder or an effect modifier in the association of another socioeconomic status indicator with obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data of an adult population sample (10,905 men and 14,580 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2014)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297771/social-medicine-and-international-expert-networks-in-latin-america-1930-1945
#17
Eric D Carter
This paper examines the international networks that influenced ideas and policy in social medicine in the 1930s and 1940s in Latin America, focusing on institutional networks organised by the League of Nations Health Organization, the International Labour Organization, and the Pan-American Sanitary Bureau. After examining the architecture of these networks, this paper traces their influence on social and health policy in two policy domains: social security and nutrition. Closer scrutiny of a series of international conferences and local media accounts of them reveals that international networks were not just 'conveyor belts' for policy ideas from the industrialised countries of the US and Europe into Latin America; rather, there was often contentious debate over the relevance and appropriateness of health and social policy models in the Latin American context...
January 3, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295489/child-nutritional-status-in-the-changing-socioeconomic-region-of-the-northern-amazon-brazil
#18
REVIEW
Mônica P L Cunha, Rejane C Marques, José G Dórea
The living conditions (i.e., socioeconomic, healthcare-related, nutritional, and environmental) to which children are exposed may influence their ability to reach their optimal growth potential. This review focuses on the relationship between the nutritional status of children under five years of age and social and environmental factors in Northern Brazil. Children living in this region have limited access to healthcare and face precarious socioeconomic and environmental conditions. This analysis was based on data from national health surveys, the consolidated food, nutrition surveillance system (SISVAN), and indicators of the DPSEEA (driving force, pressure, state, exposures, health effects, and actions) framework...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284787/endemic-goiter-and-iodine-deficiency-status-among-guinea-bissau-school-age-children
#19
Andre Couto Carvalho, Ana Machado, Adulai Robalo Embalo, Adriano A Bordalo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Iodine deficiency disorders are estimated to affect 25% of all school-age children around the world. Current policies concerning iodine deficiency disorders in many countries are not based on robust or recent national data. Our objective was to evaluate the current status of iodine nutrition in Guinea-Bissau (West Africa). SUBJECT/METHODS: A cross-sectional survey including 299 school-age children, aged 6-14 years old, from four distinct regions of Guinea-Bissau across a coast-hinterland gradient (Bolama, Bissau, Cambaju-Bafatá, and Gabú) was performed...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280654/food-intake-plate-waste-and-its-association-with-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-patients
#20
Kobra Simzari, Davoud Vahabzadeh, Sakineh Nouri Saeidlou, Susan Khoshbin, Yener Bektas
BACKGROUND: Hospital malnutrition is a worldwide dilemma and challenge. High levels of plate waste contribute to malnutrition-related complications in hospital. We investigated the association between the levels of plate waste, food intake and patient satisfaction with nutritional risk and malnutrition prevalence in three hospital settings. METHODS: The sample population of 120 patients, aged 18-65 year, admitted consecutively over a 12 month period to 3 different educational university hospitals was included...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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