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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231703/effects-of-water-addition-to-total-mixed-ration-on-water-intake-nutrient-digestibility-wool-cortisol-and-blood-indices-in-corriedale-ewes
#1
Jalil Ghassemi Nejad, Byong-Wan Kim, Bae-Hun Lee, Kyung Il Sung, Ji-Yung Kim
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of adding water to total mixed ration (TMR) on fresh water intake, nutrient digestibility, wool cortisol, and blood indices in Corriedale ewes under hot and humid conditions. Methods: Nine non-pregnant Corriedale ewes (ave. BW = 41 ± 3.5 kg) were individually fed diets based on maintenance requirements in metabolic crates. Ewes were assigned to three treatment groups according to a triplicate 3×3 Latin Square design for 3 periods of 21 days duration each (9 ewes per treatment, 27 replications)...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231364/analysis-of-caloric-test-responses-in-sudden-hearing-loss
#2
Cheng-Ping Shih, Yu-Ching Chou, Hsin-Chien Chen, Jih-Chin Lee, Yueng-Hsiang Chu, Chih-Hung Wang
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is characterized by a rapid-onset hearing loss that develops within 3 days. Vertigo may also be present. We conducted a retrospective study to investigate whether the severity of a loss of caloric function is associated with the initial hearing loss and with hearing recovery. Our study population was made up of 135 patients-67 men and 68 women, aged 25 to 71 years (mean: 50.9)-with sudden sensorineural hearing loss who had undergone bithermal caloric testing. We compared various patient factors according to patients' hearing level and their response to caloric testing...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231091/effect-of-soaking-and-roasting-on-the-physicochemical-and-pasting-properties-of-soybean-flour
#3
Aurelie Solange Ntso Agume, Nicolas Yanou Njintang, Carl Moses F Mbofung
The effects of soaking and roasting on the physicochemical and pasting properties of soybean flour were evaluated. Soybean seeds were soaked overnight in tap water for 0-72 h, hand dehulled, dried, and part of the sample was roasted. Roasted and unroasted soy beans were milled into flour and analyzed. The results showed that the total carbohydrates (22.8-27.9 g/100 g), the ash content (3.5-3.6 g/100 g), and the total polyphenols (0.29-0.51 g/100g) did not significantly change during both the soaking and roasting processes...
February 10, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231063/bone-age-in-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-is-there-a-correlation-with-hand-function-and-limb-length
#4
Je-Sang Lee, Im Jeong Choi, Myung Jun Shin, Jin-A Yoon, Sung Hwa Ko, Yong Beom Shin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the bone age and the upper extremity segmental lengths between the affected and the unaffected side and to reveal the correlation between the difference of bone age and the upper limb length discrepancy in the unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP). We also evaluated the relationship between difference of bone age and hand function. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients participated in this study. The bone ages of hand-wrists of the patients were determined by the Greulich and Pyle atlas...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230826/modifying-effects-of-5-azacytidine-on-metal-containing-proteins-profile-in-guerin-carcinoma-with-different-sensitivity-to-cytostatics
#5
V F Chekhun, Y V Lozovska, L A Naleskina, T V Borikun, A P Burlaka, I N Todor, D V Demash, T M Yalovenko, T V Zadvornyi, A O Pavlova, D M Storchay, N Yu Lukianova
AIM: To assess the influence of the treatment with 5-azacytidine (5-aza) on the profile of metal-containing proteins and factors of their regulation in Guerin carcinoma cells in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on Wistar rats transplanted with wild-type Guerin carcinoma (Guerin/WT) and its strains resistant to cisplatin (Guerin/CP) or doxorubicin (Guerin/Dox). Animals were distributed in 6 groups treated with 5-aza and control animals without treatment...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230310/hydroxy-directed-ruthenium-catalyzed-alkene-alkyne-coupling-increased-scope-stereochemical-implications-and-mechanistic-rationale
#6
Stephan M Rummelt, Gui-Juan Cheng, Puneet Gupta, Walter Thiel, Alois Fürstner
The recognition of the dual binding mode of propargyl and allyl alcohols to [Cp*Ru] fragments fostered the development of a highly regioselective intermolecular Alder-ene-type reaction of alkynes with 1,2-disubstituted alkenes. The increased substrate scope opens new perspectives in stereochemical terms. As the loaded catalyst is chiral-at-metal, stereochemical information is efficiently relayed from the propargylic site to the emerging C-C bond. This interpretation is based on the X-ray structure of the first Cp*Ru complex carrying an intact enyne ligand, and provides valuable insights into bonding and activation of the substrates...
February 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230003/risk-stratification-for-disease-progression-in-pt3-prostate-cancer-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#7
Jeong Hee Hong, Young Suk Kwon, Isaac Yi Kim
The aim of this study is to identify optimal patients for adjuvant radiation therapy (ART) in pT3 prostate cancer. The role of ART for patients with adverse pathologic features after radical prostatectomy (RP) has been demonstrated, but over- or under-treatment remains a significant concern. Two-hundred and five patients with pT3N0M0 who underwent robot-assisted RP without ART were analyzed. Multivariate Cox proportional regression analyses were used to identify predictors of biochemical recurrence (BCR) and clinical progression (CP)...
February 21, 2017: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229614/genetics-in-idiopathic-pancreatitis-and-acute-recurrent-pancreatitis
#8
Sandra Martínez-Barona, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx
Acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) occurs in 10-35% of children presenting idiopathic acute pancreatitis (IAP) and can evolve to chronic pancreatitis (CP), especially if genetic mutations are present.
February 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229025/effect-of-interleukin-il-35-on-il-17-expression-and-production-by-human-cd4-%C3%A2-t-cells
#9
Kosuke Okada, Takeki Fujimura, Takeshi Kikuchi, Makoto Aino, Yosuke Kamiya, Ario Izawa, Yuki Iwamura, Hisashi Goto, Iichiro Okabe, Eriko Miyake, Yoshiaki Hasegawa, Makio Mogi, Akio Mitani
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-17 produced by mainly T helper 17 (Th17) cells may play an important destructive role in chronic periodontitis (CP). Thus, anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-35, might have a beneficial effect in periodontitis by inhibiting differentiation of Th17 cells. Th17 differentiation is regulated by the retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor (ROR) α (encoded by RORA) and RORγt (encoded by RORC). However, the role of IL-35 in periodontitis is not clear and the effect of IL-35 on the function of Th17 cells is still incompletely understood...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228859/dynamics-and-interactions-of-ibuprofen-in-cyclodextrin-nanosponges-by-solid-state-nmr-spectroscopy
#10
Monica Ferro, Franca Castiglione, Nadia Pastori, Carlo Punta, Lucio Melone, Walter Panzeri, Barbara Rossi, Francesco Trotta, Andrea Mele
Two different formulations of cyclodextrin nanosponges (CDNS), obtained by polycondensation of β-cyclodextrin with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid dianhydride (EDTAn), were treated with aqueous solutions of ibuprofen sodium salt (IbuNa) affording hydrogels that, after lyophilisation, gave two solid CDNS-drug formulations. (1)H fast MAS NMR and (13)C CP-MAS NMR spectra showed that IbuNa was converted in situ into its acidic and dimeric form (IbuH) after freeze-drying. (13)C CP-MAS NMR spectra also indicated that the structure of the nanosponge did not undergo changes upon drug loading compared to the unloaded system...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228765/field-performance-of-transgenic-sugarcane-lines-resistant-to-sugarcane-mosaic-virus
#11
Wei Yao, Miaohong Ruan, Lifang Qin, Chuanyu Yang, Rukai Chen, Baoshan Chen, Muqing Zhang
Sugarcane mosaic disease is mainly caused by the sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), which can significantly reduce stalk yield and sucrose content of sugarcane in the field. Coat protein mediated protection (CPMP) is an effective strategy to improve virus resistance. A 2-year field study was conducted to compare five independent transgenic sugarcane lines carrying the SCMV-CP gene (i.e., B2, B36, B38, B48, and B51) with the wild-type parental clone Badila (WT). Agronomic performance, resistance to SCMV infection, and transgene stability were evaluated and compared with the wild-type parental clone Badila (WT) at four experimental locations in China across two successive seasons, i...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228720/motor-learning-abilities-are-similar-in-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy-compared-to-controls-as-assessed-by-adaptation-to-unilateral-leg-weighting-during-gait-part-i
#12
Diane L Damiano, Christopher J Stanley, Thomas C Bulea, Hyung Soon Park
Introduction: Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) demonstrate high response variability to motor training insufficiently accounted for by age or severity. We propose here that differences in the inherent ability to learn new motor tasks may explain some of this variability. Damage to motor pathways involving the cerebellum, which may be a direct or indirect effect of the brain injury for many with CP, has been shown to adversely affect the ability to learn new motor tasks and may be a potential explanation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228308/systematic-review-of-non-invasive-cardiovascular-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-constrictive-pericarditis
#13
Sivakumar Ardhanari, Bharath Yarlagadda, Vishal Parikh, Kevin C Dellsperger, Anand Chockalingam, Sudarshan Balla, Senthil Kumar
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis (CP) can be challenging. It can be nearly impossible to distinguish CP from other causes of right heart failure. Although various imaging modalities help in the diagnosis, no test is definitive. Several reviews have addressed the role of various imaging techniques in the diagnosis of CP but a systematic review has not yet been published. OBJECTIVE: Our intention was to study the ability of various non-invasive imaging modalities to diagnose CP in patients with surgically confirmed disease and to apply our findings to develop a clinically useful diagnostic algorithm...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227798/upper-limb-kinematics-of-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-on-bilateral-functional-tasks
#14
Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson, Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson, Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson
Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) often show upper limb impairments which impact their ability to execute activities of daily living (ADLs). Three adults with CP and five healthy adults performed three types of bilateral and unilateral ADLs: drink, pour, and pick and place tasks. An affordable bilateral assessment system (BiAS) was used to measure wrist kinematic trajectories. Four metrics, total completion time, maximum velocity, smoothness, and phase difference, were used to evaluate each functional task. Overall, adults with CP took a longer time than the healthy subjects to complete all unilateral functional tasks with their non-dominant hand...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227748/the-correlation-between-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-parameters-and-neuromuscular-properties-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
H Marzbani, Sh Parvin, S Amiri, M Lotfian, M R Kharazi, Sh Azizi, M M Mirbagheri, H Marzbani, Sh Parvin, S Amiri, M Lotfian, M R Kharazi, Sh Azizi, M M Mirbagheri, M R Kharazi, Sh Azizi, M Lotfian, M M Mirbagheri, S Amiri, Sh Parvin, H Marzbani
We studied the correlation between corticospinal signaling and neuromuscular properties in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Corticospinal signaling was evaluated using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). Neuromuscular properties were quantified using Hoffmann reflex (H-reflex), sonoelastography, clinical measurements, and isokinetic measures. In particular, we determined the relationship between the TMS parameters of the ankle joint and the neuromuscular features of ankle extensors and flexors as well as popular clinical measures of gait speed, endurance, balance and mobility...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227746/can-an-anti-gravity-treadmill-improve-stability-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
P M Birgani, M Ashtiyani, A Rasooli, M Shahrokhnia, A Shahrokhi, M M Mirbagheri, P M Birgani, M Ashtiyani, A Rasooli, M Shahrokhnia, A Shahrokhi, M M Mirbagheri, A Shahrokhi, M Shahrokhnia, A Rasooli, M M Mirbagheri, P M Birgani, M Ashtiyani
We aimed to study the effects of an anti-gravity treadmill (AlterG) training on balance and postural stability in children with cerebral palsy (CP). AlterG training was performed 3 days/week for 8 weeks, with up to 45 minutes of training per session. The subject was evaluated before and after the 8-week training. The effects of training on the balance and postural stability was evaluated based on the Romberg test that was performed by using a posturography device. The parameters quantifying Center-of-Pressure (CoP) were calculated using different analytical approaches including power spectral density and principal components analyses...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227334/human-static-postures-analysis-using-empirical-mode-decomposition
#17
Khaled Safi, Emilie Hutin, Samer Mohammed, Inke Marie Albertsen, Eric Delechelle, Yacine Amirat, Mohamad Khalil, Jean-Michel Gracies, Khaled Safi, Emilie Hutin, Samer Mohammed, Inke Marie Albertsen, Eric Delechelle, Yacine Amirat, Mohamad Khalil, Jean-Michel Gracies, Eric Delechelle, Mohamad Khalil, Inke Marie Albertsen, Jean-Michel Gracies, Emilie Hutin, Khaled Safi, Yacine Amirat, Samer Mohammed
The goal of this paper is to analyze the human stability during static postures using stabilometric signals. The effects of subject's visual input, feet position, age and gender are analyzed. Twenty eight healthy subjects have participated in this study. The center of pressure displacements were measured along the Medio-Lateral (ML) and Antero-Posterior (AP) directions. Empirical mode decomposition method is used to decompose the stabilometric signal into several elementary signals called Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMF)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226966/measuring-the-quality-of-exercises
#18
Paritosh Parmar, Brendan Tran Morris, Paritosh Parmar, Brendan Tran Morris, Paritosh Parmar, Brendan Tran Morris
This work explores the problem of exercise quality measurement since it is essential for effective management of diseases like cerebral palsy (CP). This work examines the assessment of quality of large amplitude movement (LAM) exercises designed to treat CP in an automated fashion. Exercise data was collected by trained participants to generate ideal examples to use as a positive samples for machine learning. Following that, subjects were asked to deliberately make subtle errors during the exercise, such as restricting movements, as is commonly seen in cases of patients suffering from CP...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226844/estimation-of-gait-parameter-using-sonoelastography-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
M Mansouri, P M Birgani, M R Kharazi, M Lotfian, M Naeimipoor, M M Mirbagheri, M Mansouri, P M Birgani, M R Kharazi, M Lotfian, M Naeimipoor, M M Mirbagheri, M Naeimipoor, M Lotfian, M M Mirbagheri, M Mansouri, P M Birgani, M R Kharazi
We aimed to study the relationship between neuromuscular abnormalities associated with spasticity and gait impairments in spastic children with hemiplegia cerebral palsy (CP). Neuromuscular abnormalities of the tibialis anterior and medial gastrocnemius muscles of the spastic ankle were quantified using sonoelastography with two major features; i.e. entropy and histogram ratio of sonoelastography images. Gait impairments were evaluated in the gait laboratory using motion capture system, and the spatial and temporal features were extracted...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226839/pendulum-test-measure-correlates-with-gait-parameters-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
M Lotfian, M M Mirbagheri, M R Kharazi, F Dadashi, R Nourian, A Irani, A Mirbagheri, M Lotfian, M M Mirbagheri, M R Kharazi, F Dadashi, R Nourian, A Irani, A Mirbagheri, M Lotfian, R Nourian, M M Mirbagheri, A Mirbagheri, A Irani, F Dadashi, M R Kharazi
Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) usually suffer from different impairments including gait impairment and spasticity. Spastic hypertonia is a defining feature of spasticity and manifests as a mechanical abnormality. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between spastic hypertonia and gait impairments in spastic children with CP, addressing an important controversial issue. Spastic hypertonia was quantified using the pendulum test. The gait impairments were evaluated using the motion capture system in a gait laboratory...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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