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Stroke AND dysphagia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930819/recovery-of-an-injured-corticobulbar-tract-in-a-patient-with-stroke-a-case-report
#1
Sungho Jang, Jonghoon Kim, Yousung Seo, Soyoung Kwak
RATIONALE: The corticobulbar tract (CBT) is known to be involved in the motor function of the non-oculomotor cranial nuclei and controls the muscles of the face, head, and neck. Several studies have reported injury of the CBT in patients with brain injury, however, little is known about recovery of the injured CBT. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old right-handed male underwent decompressive craniectomy for management of brain swelling and intracerebral hemorrhage following an infarction in the left middle cerebral artery territory...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903096/early-screening-parameters-for-dysphagia-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#2
Christian Henke, Christian Foerch, Sriramya Lapa
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a frequent symptom in patients with acute stroke. It is associated with malnutrition, aspiration and mortality. The identification of early screening parameters for dysphagia promptly leading to a professional swallowing examination is therefore of utmost importance. This study aimed to detect early and easily assessable predictors of dysphagia in a large cohort of patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Our analysis was based on data from a prospective in-hospital registry...
September 14, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900040/reduced-diaphragm-excursion-during-reflexive-citric-acid-cough-test-in-subjects-with-subacute-stroke
#3
Yong-Min Choi, Geun-Young Park, Yeonji Yoo, Donggyun Sohn, YongJun Jang, Sun Im
BACKGROUND: Diaphragm excursion is limited during respiratory maneuvers after a stroke. How the diaphragm is limited during reflexive coughs and affects the effectiveness of cough in stroke patients is unclear. This study aimed to measure reflexive cough strength by cough peak flow (CPF) induced by citric acid nebulization (2.8 mol/L), record diaphragm excursions during reflexive coughs in stroke subjects at risk of silent aspiration, and compare these values with those of stroke subjects without risk of aspiration or dysphagia...
September 12, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890708/reduced-maximum-pitch-elevation-predicts-silent-aspiration-of-small-liquid-volumes-in-stroke-patients
#4
Akila Theyyar Rajappa, Kristie R Soriano, Courtney Ziemer, Michelle S Troche, Jaime Bauer Malandraki, Georgia A Malandraki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Preliminary evidence has shown that reduced ability to maximally raise vocal pitch correlates with the occurrence of aspiration (i.e., airway invasion by food or liquid). However, it is unclear if this simple task can be used as a reliable predictor of aspiration in stroke patients. Our aim was to examine whether maximum vocal pitch elevation predicted airway invasion and dysphagia in stroke. METHODS: Forty-five consecutive stroke patients (<1 month poststroke) at a rehabilitation setting participated in a videofluoroscopic swallow study and two maximum vocal pitch elevation tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884823/evaluation-of-the-natural-history-of-patients-who-aspirate
#5
Jonathan M Bock, Varun Varadarajan, Mary C Brawley, Joel H Blumin
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The natural clinical progression of aspiration to eventual pulmonary compromise is not well understood. We hypothesized that dietary modification recommendations, Penetration-Aspiration Scale (PAS) score, and dysphagia etiology would be associated with changes in time to first pulmonary event and overall survival for patients with documented aspiration on radiologic testing. This study identified a cohort of patients with detectable unsensed penetration or aspiration on videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS), and followed this cohort over time for development of pulmonary events and death...
September 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880139/dysphagia-screening-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#6
Raed A Joundi, Rosemary Martino, Gustavo Saposnik, Vasily Giannakeas, Jiming Fang, Moira K Kapral
Background Dysphagia screening is recommended after acute stroke to identify patients at risk of aspiration and implement appropriate care. However, little is known about the frequency and outcomes of patients undergoing dysphagia screening after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods We used the Ontario Stroke Registry from 1 April 2010 to 31 March 2013 to identify patients hospitalized with acute stroke and to compare dysphagia screening rates in those with ICH and ischemic stroke. In patients with ICH we assessed predictors of receiving dysphagia screening, predictors of failing screening, and outcomes after failing screening...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879705/guillain-barre-syndrome-induced-by-heat-stroke-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Huijun Wen
BACKGROUND: Heat stroke is a potentially fatal condition that is caused by elevated core temperature. GuillainBarre syndrome (GBS) induced by heat stroke is extremely rare, and its manifestation with damage to multiple cranial nerves has not been described. METHODS: We describe a rare case of GBS induced by heat stroke with damage to multiple cranial and peripheral nerves. The clinical, radiological, and electrophysiological profiles were presented and analyzed...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872738/chronic-post-stroke-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-is-associated-with-impaired-cortical-activation-to-pharyngeal-sensory-inputs
#8
C Cabib, O Ortega, N Vilardell, L Mundet, P Clavé, L Rofes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of afferent sensory pathways in the pathophysiology of post-stroke oropharyngeal dysphagia is not known. We hypothesized that patients with chronic post-stroke dysphagia (PSD) would show impaired sensory cortical activation in the ipsilesional hemisphere. METHODS: We studied 28 chronic unilateral post-stroke patients [17 PSD and 11 post-stroke non-dysphagic patients (PSnD)] and 11 age-matched healthy volunteers. Event-related sensory-evoked potentials to pharyngeal stimulation (pSEP) and sensory thresholds were assessed...
September 5, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852414/systematic-review-on-acupuncture-for-treatment-of-dysphagia-after-stroke
#9
REVIEW
Qiuping Ye, Yu Xie, Junheng Shi, Zhenhua Xu, Aihua Ou, Nenggui Xu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture for dysphagia after stroke. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched from their inception until 31 September 2016. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) incorporating acupuncture or acupuncture combined with other interventions for treatment of dysphagia after stroke were enrolled. Then they were extracted and assessed by two independent evaluators. Direct comparisons were conducted in RevMan 5...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832814/screening-tool-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-stroke-part-i-evidence-of-validity-based-on-the-content-and-response-processes
#10
Tatiana Magalhães de Almeida, Paula Cristina Cola, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Hipólito Virgílio Magalhães, Carlos Daniel Magnoni, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to identify the evidence of validity based on the content and response process of the Rastreamento de Disfagia Orofaríngea no Acidente Vascular Encefálico (RADAVE; "Screening Tool for Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Stroke"). Methods: The criteria used to elaborate the questions were based on a literature review. A group of judges consisting of 19 different health professionals evaluated the relevance and representativeness of the questions, and the results were analyzed using the Content Validity Index...
August 17, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793390/interventions-for-maintaining-nasogastric-feeding-after-stroke-an-integrative-review-of-effectiveness-and-acceptability
#11
REVIEW
Catherine Mahoney, Linda Veitch
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of interventions for maintaining nasogastric tubes (NGT) in adult stroke patients. BACKGROUND: Internationally, incidence of Cerebral Vascular Disease (CVD) continues to increase and stroke is the largest cause of complex disability in adults. Dysphagia is common following a stroke which necessitates feeding via a NGT. NGT are not well tolerated by stroke patients and may be frequently dislodged...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770403/route-of-feeding-as-a-proxy-for-dysphagia-after-stroke-and-the-effect-of-transdermal-glyceryl-trinitrate-data-from-the-efficacy-of-nitric-oxide-in-stroke-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Lisa J Woodhouse, Polly Scutt, Shaheen Hamdy, David G Smithard, David L Cohen, Christine Roffe, Daniel Bereczki, Eivind Berge, Christopher F Bladin, Valeria Caso, Hanne K Christensen, Rónán Collins, Anna Czlonkowska, Asita de Silva, Anwar Etribi, Ann-Charlotte Laska, George Ntaios, Serefnur Ozturk, Stephen J Phillips, Kameshwar Prasad, Szabolcs Szatmari, Nikola Sprigg, Philip M Bath
Post-stroke dysphagia is common, associated with poor outcome and often requires non-oral feeding/fluids. The relationship between route of feeding and outcome, as well as treatment with glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), was studied prospectively. The Efficacy of Nitric Oxide in Stroke (ENOS) trial assessed transdermal GTN (5 mg versus none for 7 days) in 4011 patients with acute stroke and high blood pressure. Feeding route (oral = normal or soft diet; non-oral = nasogastric tube, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube, parenteral fluids, no fluids) was assessed at baseline and day 7...
August 2, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762896/ambulance-delivered-transdermal-glyceryl-trinitrate-versus-sham-for-ultra-acute-stroke-rationale-design-and-protocol-for-the-rapid-intervention-with-glyceryl-trinitrate-in-hypertensive-stroke-trial-2-right-2-trial-isrctn26986053
#13
Jason P Appleton, Polly Scutt, Mark Dixon, Harriet Howard, Lee Haywood, Diane Havard, Trish Hepburn, Tim England, Nikola Sprigg, Lisa J Woodhouse, Joanna M Wardlaw, Alan A Montgomery, Stuart Pocock, Philip M Bath
Rationale Vascular nitric oxide levels are low in acute stroke and donors such as glyceryl trinitrate have shown promise when administered very early after stroke. Potential mechanisms of action include augmentation of cerebral reperfusion, thrombolysis and thrombectomy, lowering blood pressure, and cytoprotection. Aim To test the safety and efficacy of four days of transdermal glyceryl trinitrate (5 mg/day) versus sham in patients with ultra-acute presumed stroke who are recruited by paramedics prior to hospital presentation...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758080/effects-of-capping-of-the-tracheostomy-tube-in-stroke-patients-with-dysphagia
#14
Yong Kyun Kim, Sang-Heon Lee, Jang-Won Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of tracheostomy tube capping on swallowing physiology in stroke patients with dysphagia via videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). METHODS: This study was conducted as a prospective study that involved 30 stroke patients. Then, 4 mL semisolid swallowing was conducted with capping of the tracheostomy tube or without capping of the tracheostomy tube. The following five parameters were measured: laryngeal elevation, pharyngeal transit time, post-swallow pharyngeal remnant, upper esophageal sphincter width (UES), and penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) score...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756476/development-of-pyriform-sinus-suctioning-programs-for-aspiration-pneumonia-prevention-during-the-acute-stroke
#15
Yuki Inui, Yayoi Kamakura, Junko Fukada, Masahiko Yoneda, Emiko Kataoka, Yasuko Usami, Miki Sugiura, Tetsuya Nagatani, Yukio Seki, Norikazu Hatano, Keizo Yasui
Aspiration due to dysphagia is a factor associated with pneumonia during acute stroke. In such cases, it is likely that secretions in the pyriform sinuses enter the laryngeal inlet. The present study was based on the idea that it is possible to reduce aspiration pneumonia by periodically suctioning and removing such secretions (pyriform sinus suctioning), a study was conducted in a single facility. The incidence of pneumonia as a dependent variable was compared between before (control) and after (intervention group) intervention with pyriform sinus suctioning as an independent variable...
July 29, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748320/the-relationship-between-lesion-localization-and-dysphagia-in-acute-stroke
#16
Stephanie K Daniels, Shweta Pathak, Shalini V Mukhi, Carol B Stach, Robert O Morgan, Jane A Anderson
Factors that can facilitate early identification of individuals at risk of dysphagia such as stroke location are potentially of great benefit. The aim of this study was to examine the role of hemisphere and lesion location in assessing dysphagia pattern and airway invasion as identified through the use of validated, standardized interpretation measures for the videofluoroscopic swallowing study. Consecutive patients (N = 80) presenting with stroke symptoms who had a first-time acute ischemic stroke confirmed on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) scan participated...
July 26, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741720/alteplase-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-heparin-reversal-with-protamine-a-case-report-and-review
#17
Gabriel V Fontaine, Shawn M Smith
BACKGROUND: Few patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) are eligible for alteplase, especially those receiving ongoing anticoagulation. We describe the first reported case of a patient receiving full-dose intravenous (IV) alteplase for AIS after heparin reversal with protamine. CASE: A 73-year-old male presented with AIS. He was treated with IV heparin, tirofiban, loading-dose prasugrel, and aspirin prior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for placement of a right coronary artery stent...
July 25, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716980/early-dysphagia-screening-by-trained-nurses-reduces-pneumonia-rate-in-stroke-patients-a-clinical-intervention-study
#18
Christoph Palli, Simon Fandler, Kathrin Doppelhofer, Kurt Niederkorn, Christian Enzinger, Christian Vetta, Esther Trampusch, Reinhold Schmidt, Franz Fazekas, Thomas Gattringer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dysphagia is a common stroke symptom and leads to serious complications such as aspiration and pneumonia. Early dysphagia screening can reduce these complications. In many hospitals, dysphagia screening is performed by speech-language therapists who are often not available on weekends/holidays, which results in delayed dysphagia assessment. METHODS: We trained the nurses of our neurological department to perform formal dysphagia screening in every acute stroke patient by using the Gugging Swallowing Screen...
September 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702192/freezing-of-gait-is-an-early-clinical-feature-of-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#19
Yasushi Osaki, Yukari Morita, Yuka Miyamoto, Kounosuke Furuta, Hirokazu Furuya
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Early clinical diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) remains challenging. AIM: We attempted to identify any sign or symptom to diagnose PSP earlier. METHODS: A total of 401 patients, 40 with PSP and 361 with other neurodegenerative disorders, were included. We followed these patients for at least 1 year since 2009. We reviewed the signs and symptoms of patients with PSP in a standardized manner, and observed four manifestations: "vertical supranuclear gaze abnormality," "movement disorders," "pseudobulbar palsy" and "dementia of frontal type...
May 2017: Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681743/the-effect-of-sensory-level-electrical-stimulation-of-the-masseter-muscle-in-early-stroke-patients-with-dysphagia
#20
Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Poonam Gupta, Mandeep Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Neurology India
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