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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214918/effects-of-knee-orthosis-adjustment-on-biomechanical-performance-and-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
Andreas Brand, Isabella Klöpfer-Krämer, Mario Morgenstern, Inga Kröger, Björn Michel, Andreas Thannheimer, Janina Anna Müßig, Peter Augat
BACKGROUND: Valgus bracing in medial knee osteoarthritis aims to improve gait function by reducing the loading of the medial compartment. Orthosis composition and optimal adjustment is essential to achieve biomechanical and clinical effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To investigate biomechanical functionality during gait, pain relief and compliance in patients with knee osteoarthritis using a lightweight adjustable knee unloader orthosis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational clinical trial...
December 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201147/evidence-for-current-recommendations-concerning-the-management-of-foot-health-for-people-with-chronic-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review
#2
Katherine Edwards, Alan Borthwick, Louise McCulloch, Anthony Redmond, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Andrew Judge, Nigel Arden, Catherine Bowen
Background: Research focusing on management of foot health has become more evident over the past decade, especially related to chronic conditions such as diabetes. The level of methodological rigour across this body of work however is varied and outputs do not appear to have been developed or translated into clinical practice. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the latest guidelines, standards of care and current recommendations relative to people with chronic conditions to ascertain the level of supporting evidence concerning the management of foot health...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194431/characteristics-of-plantar-loads-during-walking-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Zhiwang Zhang, Lin Wang, Kaijun Hu, Yu Liu
BACKGROUND Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common disease that can change the load on lower limbs during walking. Plantar loads in patients with KOA may provide a basis for clinical decisions regarding footwear and foot orthoses. This study aimed to compare plantar loads in females with and without KOA during gait. MATERIAL AND METHODS Plantar pressure during walking was recorded in 23 females with KOA and 23 females without KOA. Maximum force (MF), contact area (CA), and peak pressure (PP) were measured at 7 different regions underneath the foot, named heel (M1), midfoot (M2), first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) (M3), second MPJ (M4), third to fifth MPJ (M5), hallux (M6), and lesser toes (M7)...
December 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191729/hardness-and-posting-of-foot-orthoses-modify-plantar-contact-area-plantar-pressure-and-perceived-comfort-when-cycling
#4
Jaquelin A Bousie, Peter Blanch, Thomas G McPoil, Bill Vicenzino
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of hardness and posting of orthoses on plantar profile and perceived comfort and support during cycling. DESIGN: A repeated measures study with randomised order of orthoses, hardness, and posting conditions. METHODS: Twenty-three cyclists cycled at a cadence of 90rpm and a perceived exertion rating of twelve. Contoured soft and hard orthoses with or without a medial forefoot or lateral forefoot post were evaluated...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191153/the-effect-of-specially-designed-and-managed-occlusal-devices-on-patient-symptoms-of-tinnitus-a-cohort-study
#5
L Parnell Taylor, Wayne O Sletten, Thomas D Dumont
Objective Bioesthetic maxillary anterior guided orthoses (BMAGOs) were designed and adjusted to establish the mandibular location referred to as stable seated condylar position SSCP. This study demonstrates treatment efficacy of this device on tinnitus. Methods All patients had histories of temporomandibular disorder (TMD), head, neck and shoulder pain. Each patient wore the BMAGO at all times, eating, talking and sleeping with it functioning as a surrogate occlusion. Patients were seen every two weeks for adjustments...
November 30, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184279/relationship-between-gross-motor-function-and-the-function-activity-and-participation-components-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#6
Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between gross motor function, measured using the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), and Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM), and Function, and Activity and Participation components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health-Child and Youth Check List (ICF-CY) in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-seven children with spastic CP participated in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174793/footwear-interventions-for-foot-pain-function-impairment-and-disability-for-people-with-foot-and-ankle-arthritis-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Mike Frecklington, Nicola Dalbeth, Peter McNair, Peter Gow, Anita Williams, Matthew Carroll, Keith Rome
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on the effectiveness of footwear on foot pain, function, impairment and disability for people with foot and ankle arthritis. METHODS: A search of the electronic databases Scopus, Medline, CINAHL, SportDiscus and the Cochrane Library was undertaken in September 2017. The key inclusion criteria were studies reporting on findings of footwear interventions for people with arthritis with foot pain, function, impairment and/or disability...
November 3, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161626/the-effect-of-augmented-somatosensory-feedback-on-standing-postural-sway
#8
Angela Smalley, Scott C White, Robert Burkard
Impaired balance resulting from reduced postural control occurs with aging and various medical conditions. Sensory input for balance control is provided by the visual, vestibular and somatosensory systems. Previous research suggests that increased proprioceptive feedback from various lower extremity devices improves balance. Mixed results have been reported with the use of orthoses such as ankle foot orthoses (AFOs). In this study, 20 healthy subjects wore footplates in their shoes or straps around their lower legs in order to imitate the somatosensory feedback produced by wearing AFOs, but without providing ankle restriction...
November 14, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156379/evaluating-the-immediate-effects-of-wearing-foot-orthotics-in-children-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-jhs-by-analysis-of-temperospatial-parameters-of-gait-and-dynamic-balance-a-preliminary-study
#9
P McDermott, E Wolfe, C Lowry, K Robinson, H P French
Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) in children, presents with increased joint range of motion and can lead to altered gait strategies and reduced dynamic balance. Despite limited evidence foot orthoses are sometimes prescribed to patients with JHS with the aim to improve the stability of their gait pattern and theoretically reduce associated symptoms of fatigue and joint pain. The purpose of this study was therefore to analyse the immediate effects of 'off the shelf' orthoses on temporospatial parameters of gait and dynamic balance in this cohort...
November 15, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150297/prolonged-stretching-of-the-ankle-plantarflexors-elicits-muscle-tendon-adaptations-relevant-to-ankle-gait-kinetics-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#10
Teresa Martín Lorenzo, Eduardo Rocon, Ignacio Martínez Caballero, Ana Ramírez Barragán, Sergio Lerma Lara
Tissue related ankle hyper-resistance has been reported to contribute to equinus gait in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Hence, ankle plantarflexor stretching programs have been developed in order to restore passive ankle dorsiflexion. Despite high quality evidence on the limited effects of stretching on passive joint mobility, further muscle-tendon adaptations have been reported which may impact gait performance. As such, children with spastic cerebral palsy subject to long-term manual static stretching achieved dorsiflexion gains through the reduction of muscle and fascicle strain whilst preserving tendon strain, and prolonged use of ankle-foot orthoses achieved similar dorsiflexion gains through increased tendon strain whilst preserving muscle and fascicle strain...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143126/-spinal-orthoses-in-the-treatment-of-vertebral-fractures-with-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-article
#11
REVIEW
M Pfeifer, M Gehlen, C Hinz
This literature search concerning the potential role of spinal orthoses for rehabilitation and treatment of atraumatic vertebral fractures between Th4 and L5 with osteoporosis and without any evidence for a secondary cause, provided no evidence for the benefits of traditional rigid thoracolumbar corsets, which only had a poor compliance. In addition, there are indications that these rigid corsets may even worsen the disease condition especially in the long-term. Wearing these corsets can result in further loss of muscle mass and strength followed by loss of bone and bone mass...
November 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140159/athletes-rated-as-poor-single-leg-squat-performers-display-measureable-differences-in-single-leg-squat-biomechanics-compared-to-good-performers
#12
Lachlan E Garrick, Bryce C Alexander, Anthony G Schache, Marcus G Pandy, Kay M Crossley, Natalie J Collins
CONTEXT: It is important to validate single-leg squat visual rating criteria used in clinical practice and research. Foot orthoses may improve single-leg squat performance in those who demonstrate biomechanics associated with increased risk of lower-limb injury. OBJECTIVE: Validate visual rating criteria proposed by Crossley et al, by determining whether athletes rated as poor single-leg squat performers display different single-leg squat biomechanics than good performers; and evaluate immediate effects of foot orthoses on single-leg squat biomechanics in poor performers...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128666/comparison-of-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-cad-cam-and-prefabricated-foot-orthoses-in-patients-with-flexible-flatfeet
#13
Banafsheh Khodaei, Hassan Saeedi, Maryam Jalali, Maede Farzadi, Ehsan Norouzi
BACKGROUNDS: The effect of foot orthoses on plantar pressure distribution has been proven by researchers but there are some controversies about advantages of custom-made foot orthoses to less expensive prefabricated foot orthoses. METHODS: Nineteen flatfeet adults between 18 and 45 participated in this study. CAD-CAM foot orthoses were made for these patients according to their foot scan. Prefabricated foot orthoses were prepared according to their foot size. Plantar pressure, force and contact area were measured using pedar®-x in-shoe system wearing shoe alone, wearing CAD-CAM foot orthoses and wearing prefabricated foot orthoses...
December 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126045/the-effectiveness-of-conservative-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-plantar-heel-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Stefano Salvioli, Maddalena Guidi, Giulia Marcotulli
Plantar heel pain is one of the most common causes of pain and musculoskeletal pathologies of the foot. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the most effective, conservative and non-pharmacological treatments regarding pain in patients with plantar heel pain. The authors searched 5 databases and included only randomized control trials which investigated the efficacy of a conservative non-pharmacological treatment compared to the placebo, for the outcome of pain. Study selection, data collection and risk of bias assessment were conducted independently by two authors, and consensus was reached with a third author...
December 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125503/patient-preferences-for-treatments-of%C3%A2-neuromuscular-diseases-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Erik Landfeldt, Josefin Edström, Peter Lindgren, Hanns Lochmüller
BACKGROUND: Treatment decisions of neuromuscular diseases involve weighing clinical benefits and risks, as well as impact on patient social life, work status, other activities of daily living, and health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systemic literature review of patient preferences for treatments of neuromuscular diseases. METHODS: We searched Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed for full-text articles reporting results from studies of patient preferences for treatments of neuromuscular diseases...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122425/analgesic-consumption-following-outpatient-carpal-tunnel-release
#16
Blair Peters, Arash Izadpanah, Avinash Islur
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the consumption of prescribed opioid medications after elective outpatient surgery. A better understanding of opioid consumption after elective upper-extremity surgery may lead to improved prescribing practices, decreased costs, and less leftover medication available for potential misuse. The goal of this study was to evaluate pain control and quantify the amount of leftover pain medication after outpatient carpal tunnel release. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of patients scheduled for outpatient carpal tunnel surgery...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089196/immediate-effect-of-a-functional-wrist-orthosis-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-or-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha Lannin, Claire Galea
STUDY DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Upper limb orthoses worn during functional tasks are commonly used in pediatric neurologic rehabilitation, despite a paucity of high-level evidence. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to investigate if a customized functional wrist orthosis, when placed on the limb, leads to an immediate improvement in hand function for children with cerebral palsy or brain injury...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082797/adaptive-equipment-use-by-people-with-motor-neuron-disease-in-australia-a-prospective-observational-consecutive-cohort-study
#18
Karol A Connors, Lisa M Mahony, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: People with motor neuron sisease require adaptive equipment to enhance life quality. This study aimed to examine total and concurrent equipment items prescribed with phenotype consideration. METHODS: A prospective, observational consecutive cohort study was undertaken. Data regarding Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-Revised, phenotype, symptom onset and Functional Independence Measure (inpatients only) was recorded. Equipment utilized was coded by therapist as: speech devices; transfer devices; mobility devices (including power wheelchairs); orthoses; activities of daily living equipment; assisted technology and home modification equipment...
October 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081938/static-progressive-orthoses-for-elbow-contracture-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Bin Chen, Jianhua Lin, Lifen Liu, Wenxin Niu
BACKGROUND: As one of the most common musculoskeletal complications following trauma, elbow contracture is a frequent source of disabled daily activities. Conventional interventions are inadequate to provide favorable outcome. The static progressive orthoses are getting popular in the treatment of this problem. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to assess the effectiveness of static progressive orthoses for elbow contracture. METHODS: Literatures when written in English published during 1 January 1997 and 31 January 2017 were searched in the following databases: Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EBSCOhost...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079236/effectiveness-of-foot-biomechanical-orthoses-to-relieve-patients-knee-pain-changes-in-neural-strategy-after-9%C3%A2-weeks-of-treatment
#20
Sébastien Moyne-Bressand, Carole Dhieux, Patrick Decherchi, Erick Dousset
Knee pain is one of the most common lower leg complaints. It is often treated with plantar orthoses to provide cushioning and correct locomotion, imbalances of the foot, and postural deficits. However, the published scientific data are poor concerning the mechanisms involved in pain reduction after wearing foot orthoses, and, to the best of our knowledge, no trial has investigated the mid-term effectiveness. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot orthoses according to sound biomechanical principles in the treatment of knee pain...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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