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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451921/the-effectiveness-of-non-surgical-intervention-foot-orthoses-for-paediatric-flexible-pes-planus-a-systematic-review-update
#1
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Helen A Banwell, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common presenting condition in clinical practice due to concerns amongst parents and caregivers. While Foot Orthoses (FOs) are a popular intervention, their effectiveness remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to update the current evidence base for the effectiveness of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (Cochrane, Medline, AMED, EMBASE, CINHAL, SportDiscus, Scopus and PEDro) was conducted from January 2011 to July 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435498/letter-to-the-editor-concerning-effectiveness-of-the-rigo-ch%C3%A3%C2%AAneau-versus-boston-style-orthoses-for-adolescent-idiopathicscoliosis-a-retrospective-study-by-minsk-mk-venuti-kd-daumit-gl-sponseller-pd-scoliosis-spinal-disord-2017-mar-20-12-7
#2
Johan L Heemskerk, Mark Altena, Diederik H R Kempen
We have read with great interest the article by Minsk et al. in Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders. However, the authors reported a conclusion that is based on possible selection bias in surgical candidates. Physicians are trained in the interpretation of scientific articles; however, not everybody is able to do this. Especially in open access journals, a biased conclusion may have big consequences and may be misleading for patients and family members who can read these articles for free on the internet.
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423640/effectiveness-of-custom-made-foot-orthoses-for-treating-forefoot-pain-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Isabel Arias-Martín, María Reina-Bueno, Pedro V Munuera-Martínez
PURPOSE: Pain in and around the metatarsal heads, the metatarsal phalangeal joints and the surrounding soft tissues is called metatarsalgia. Non-operative treatment of metatarsalgia includes foot orthoses. Foot orthoses may be classified as standard or custom-made. A systematic review was carried out to determine whether custom-made foot orthoses are effective for treating forefoot pain. METHODS: The MEDLINE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and PEDro databases were searched for relevant articles reporting patients undergoing treatment for forefoot pain by means of custom-made foot orthoses...
February 8, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409242/predictors-of-functional-outcome-in-non-operatively-managed-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#4
Randeep Aujla, Shakil Patel, Annette Jones, Maneesh Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Acute Achilles tendon (AT) rupture management remains debatable but non-operative functional regimes are beginning to gain popularity. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of functional outcome in patients with AT ruptures treated non-operatively with an immediate weight bearing functional regime in an orthosis. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively gathered data from a local database of all patients treated non-operatively at our institution with an AT rupture was performed...
March 31, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406129/a-decision-making-tool-to-prescribe-knee-orthoses-in-daily-practice-for-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#5
Emmanuel Coudeyre, Christelle Nguyen, Aurore Chabaud, Bruno Pereira, Johann Beaudreuil, Jean-Marie Coudreuse, Philippe Deat, Frédéric Sailhan, Alain Lorenzo, François Rannou
OBJECTIVE: To develop a decision-making tool (DMT) to facilitate the prescription of knee orthoses for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) in daily practice. METHODS: A steering committee gathered a multidisciplinary task force experienced in OA management/clinical research. Two members performed a literature review with qualitative analysis of the highest-quality randomized controlled trials and practice guidelines to confirm evidence concerning knee orthosis for OA...
February 2, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400679/what-is-the-opinion-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-their-healthcare-professionals-about-lower-limb-orthoses-a-qualitative-study-using-focus-group-discussions
#6
Eva Swinnen, Tom Deliens, Elke Dewulf, Shauni Van Overstraeten, Nina Lefeber, Johan Van Nieuwenhoven, Stephan Ilsbroukx, Eric Kerckhofs
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to collect patients' and healthcare professionals' opinions about lower limb orthoses (LL-orthoses): 1) the positive and negative aspects; 2) the differences in wearing them according to location; and 3) their recommendations for future modifications. METHODS: Four focus group discussions were performed, with in total twenty patients with MS with a prescribed LL-orthosis and seven healthcare professionals. Audiotaped discussions were transcribed and qualitatively processed (NVivo11)...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391361/effect-of-spinal-orthoses-and-postural-taping-on-balance-gait-and-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Abbas Ali Keshtkar
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic hyperkyphosis is one of the most common spinal disorders in older people, creating impairment, postural instability, gait disorders and a reduced quality of life. The use of spinal orthoses and/or postural taping may be feasible conservative interventions, but their efficacy is uncertain. The aim of this review is therefore to investigate the effectiveness of spinal orthoses and taping on the balance and gait of older people with hyperkyphosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will include randomised controlled trials and clinical trial studies which assess the efficacy of spinal orthoses and taping using the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) outcome measures in older people with hyperkyphosis of the thoracic spine...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382225/provision-of-assistive-technology-devices-among-people-with-als-in-germany-a-platform-case-management-approach
#8
Andreas Funke, Susanne Spittel, Torsten Grehl, Julian Grosskreutz, Dagmar Kettemann, Susanne Petri, Ute Weyen, Patrick Weydt, Johannes Dorst, Albert C Ludolph, Petra Baum, Moritz Oberstadt, Berit Jordan, Andreas Hermann, Joachim Wolf, Matthias Boentert, Bertram Walter, Nadine Gajewski, André Maier, Christoph Münch, Thomas Meyer
OBJECTIVE: The procurement of assistive technology devices (ATD) is an essential component of managed care in ALS. The objective was to analyze the standards of care for ATD and to identify challenges in the provision process. METHODS: A cohort study design was used. We investigated the provision of 11,364 ATD in 1494 patients with ALS at 12 ALS centers in Germany over four years. Participants were patients that entered a case management program for ATD including systematic assessment of ATD on a digital management platform...
January 30, 2018: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381040/foot-and-ankle-conditions-plantar-fasciitis
#9
Peter J Carek
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain in adults. It involves painful symptoms occurring along the plantar fascia with or without the presence of a bony heel spur. Heel pain that occurs on standing after a prolonged non-weight-bearing period is a prominent symptom of plantar fasciitis. On physical examination, palpation along the medial plantar calcaneal region reproduces the painful symptoms. Routine imaging studies usually are not necessary but can be used to rule out pathologies or confirm chronic or recalcitrant plantar fasciitis...
February 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371890/diabetic-foot-australia-guideline-on-footwear-for-people-with-diabetes
#10
Jaap J van Netten, Peter A Lazzarini, David G Armstrong, Sicco A Bus, Robert Fitridge, Keith Harding, Ewan Kinnear, Matthew Malone, Hylton B Menz, Byron M Perrin, Klaas Postema, Jenny Prentice, Karl-Heinz Schott, Paul R Wraight
Background: The aim of this paper was to create an updated Australian guideline on footwear for people with diabetes. Methods: We reviewed new footwear publications, (inter)national guidelines, and consensus expert opinion alongside the 2013 Australian footwear guideline to formulate updated recommendations. Result: We recommend health professionals managing people with diabetes should: (1) Advise people with diabetes to wear footwear that fits, protects and accommodates the shape of their feet...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369406/effect-of-increased-mechanical-knee-joint-loading-during-running-on-the-serum-concentration-of-cartilage-oligomeric-matrix-protein-comp
#11
Sara Firner, Steffen Willwacher, Markus de Marées, Judith Bleuel, Frank Zaucke, Gert-Peter Brüggemann, Anja Niehoff
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of an increase in mechanical knee joint loading during running on the serum COMP level. On two different test days, 20 healthy men ran with knee orthoses for 30 minutes on a treadmill (v = 2.2 m/s). On day 1, the orthoses were passive, whereas on day 2 they were pneumatically driven (active) and thus increased the external knee flexion moments (+30.9 Nm) during stance phase. Lower-limb mechanics and serum COMP levels (baseline; 0h, 0.5h, 1h, 2h post running) were analyzed...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362036/conservative-management-of-metatarsalgia-and-lesser-toe-deformities
#12
REVIEW
Andrew E Federer, David M Tainter, Samuel B Adams, Karl M Schweitzer
There are several forefoot conditions that can result in metatarsal head pain. Various points of the gait cycle can predispose the metatarsal heads to pain based on intrinsic and extrinsic imbalances. Metatarsalgia can further be classified according to primary, secondary, or iatrogenic etiologies. Within these groups, conservative management is the first line of treatment and can often obviate surgical intervention. Depending on the cause of pain, proper shoewear, orthoses, and inserts coupled with targeted physical therapy can alleviate most symptoms of metatarsalgia and lesser toe deformities...
March 2018: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345632/brain-machine-interfaces-for-controlling-lower-limb-powered-robotic-systems
#13
Yongtian He, David Eguren, José M Azorín, Robert Grossman, Trieu Phat Luu, Jose Luis Pepe Contreras-Vidal
Lower-limb, powered robotics systems such as exoskeletons and orthoses have emerged as novel robotic interventions to assist or rehabilitate people with walking disabilities. These devices are generally controlled by certain physical maneuvers, for example pressing buttons or shifting body weight. Although effective, these control schemes are not what humans naturally use. The usability and clinical relevance of these robotics systems could be further enhanced by brain-machine interfaces (BMIs). A number of preliminary studies have been published on this topic, but a systematic understanding of the experimental design, tasks, and performance of BMI-exoskeleton systems for restoration of gait is lacking...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334475/abandonment-of-assistive-products-assessing-abandonment-levels-and-factors-that-impact-on-it
#14
André T Sugawara, Vinícius D Ramos, Fábio M Alfieri, Linamara R Battistella
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels and factors that influence the abandonment of assistive products by users of a local reference rehabilitation center. METHODS: This observational study involved users who received services and assistive products provided by our center of rehabilitation. Users were identified using the records of the center and their responses about the abandonment were collected through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The abandonment level of assistive products was 19...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332762/the-effect-of-foot-orthoses-on-joint-moment-asymmetry-in-male-children-with-flexible-flat-feet
#15
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi Shad, Reed Ferber
INTRODUCTION: It has been widely postulated that structural and functional misalignments of the foot, such as flat foot, may cause mechanical deviations of the lower limb during walking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of foot orthoses on lower extremity joint moment asymmetry during the stance phase of walking in children with asymptomatic flexible flat feet. METHODS: Fourteen volunteer male children, clinically diagnosed with flexible flat feet, participated in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331975/is-postoperative-bracing-after-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-spine-fractures-necessary-study-protocol-of-the-ornot-study-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#16
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331936/influence-of-custom-foot-orthoses-on-venous-status-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Daniel López-López, Romeu Araújo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, António Santos, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo
BACKGROUND: Customized foot orthoses (CFO) have been widely accepted to reduce the frequency of foot problems and postural disorders. The purpose of the research was to compare the influence of CFO utilization on the venous status among healthy females and males. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study (NCT03329430), which included 20 healthy subjects that completed all the stages of the process. The subjects showed an age mean of 20.00 ± 1.62 years and were recruited in a foot and ankle specialist center...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330103/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2017-rehabilitation-and-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Dieuwke Schiphof, Jacoline J van den Driest, Jos Runhaar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe studies examining rehabilitation for people with osteoarthritis (OA) and to summarize findings from selected key systematic reviews (SRs) and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DESIGN: A systematic search was performed using Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane databases from April 1st 2016 to May 15th 2017 using the terms 'osteoarthritis', 'randomized controlled trial', and 'systematic review'. Inclusion criteria were: clinically or radiologically diagnosed patients with osteoarthritis, rehabilitation treatment, RCT or SRs...
January 9, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317105/reduced-center-of-pressure-modulation-elicits-foot-placement-adjustments-but-no-additional-trunk-motion-during-anteroposterior-perturbed-walking
#19
M Vlutters, E H F van Asseldonk, H van der Kooij
Understanding balance during human gait is complicated by the abundance of recovery options. Among all possible recovery options, three main strategies are often considered for human balance control, being the ankle, hip, and foot placement strategies. All can be addressed when balance is threatened during walking, but their relative importance remains uncertain. We have previously shown that healthy human subjects did not significantly adjust their foot placement relative to the body's center of mass (COM) in the first recovery step following anteroposterior pelvis perturbations, as compared to unperturbed walking...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304511/walking-measures-to-evaluate-assistive-technology-for-foot-drop-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-psychometric-properties
#20
REVIEW
Georgia Andreopoulou, Thomas H Mercer, Marietta L van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Foot drop in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) often managed with assistive technologies, such as functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses. No evidence synthesis exists for the psychometric properties of outcomes used to evaluate the efficacy of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to identify the outcome measures reported to assess the benefits of assistive technology for pwMS and then synthesize the psychometric evidence in pwMS for a subset of these measures...
December 25, 2017: Gait & Posture
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