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Stroke AND nutrition NOT prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803230/revised-reference-values-for-potassium-intake
#1
Daniela Strohm, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Friederike Maretzke, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland have revised the reference values for potassium intake in January 2017. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value was based on the 24-h urinary potassium excretion and on preventive considerations regarding hypertension and stroke. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from the adult estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, the estimated value was set based on the potassium intake via breast milk...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770948/curative-treatment-of-hypertension-by-physical-exercise
#2
M Lou, X-F Zong, L-L Wang
Hypertension, one of the most common chronic and sporadic conditions, figures among the important worldwide public-health challenges, and it is a major risk for heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and other complications, including dementia. Hypertension is neglected by individuals, and the prevalence of this condition continues to rise across the world. A great number of patients receiving medical intervention is not successfully treated, while adequate curative health services are dependent on the exact update data of the countrywide prevalence of known and undetected cases...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736507/national-mortality-burden-due-to-communicable-non-communicable-and-other-diseases-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#3
Awoke Misganaw, Tilahun N Haregu, Kebede Deribe, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw Ferede Abera, Molla Gedefaw, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Kristopher J Krohn, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Yibeltal Assefa, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia lacks a complete vital registration system that would assist in measuring disease burden and risk factors. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) estimates to describe the mortality burden from communicable, non-communicable, and other diseases in Ethiopia over the last 25 years. METHODS: GBD 2015 mainly used cause of death ensemble modeling to measure causes of death by age, sex, and year for 195 countries...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732536/national-mortality-burden-due-to-communicable-non-communicable-and-other-diseases-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#4
Awoke Misganaw, Tilahun N Haregu, Kebede Deribe, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw Ferede Abera, Molla Gedefaw, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Kristopher J Krohn, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Yibeltal Assefa, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia lacks a complete vital registration system that would assist in measuring disease burden and risk factors. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) estimates to describe the mortality burden from communicable, non-communicable, and other diseases in Ethiopia over the last 25 years. METHODS: GBD 2015 mainly used cause of death ensemble modeling to measure causes of death by age, sex, and year for 195 countries...
July 21, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684083/the-predimed-trial-mediterranean-diet-and-health-outcomes-how-strong-is-the-evidence
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M Guasch-Ferré, J Salas-Salvadó, E Ros, R Estruch, D Corella, M Fitó, M A Martínez-González
AIMS: To address potential controversies on the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) after PREDIMED, a randomized trial of MedDiet for primary cardiovascular prevention. We have focused on: a) the PREDIMED study design, b) analysis of PREDIMED data and c) interpretation of its results. DATA SYNTHESIS: Regarding the design of the trial, its early termination and between-group differences in the intensity of the intervention are potential causes of concern...
July 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523941/lifestyle-as-medicine-the-case-for-a-true-health-initiative
#6
David L Katz, Elizabeth P Frates, Jonathan P Bonnet, Sanjay K Gupta, Erkki Vartiainen, Richard H Carmona
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote health, confusion still prevails among the general population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#7
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405001/dietary-factors-in-rheumatic-autoimmune-diseases-a-recipe-for-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Shani Dahan, Yahel Segal, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Today, we are facing a new era of digitization in the health care system, and with increased access to health care information has come a growing demand for safe, cost-effective and easy to administer therapies. Dietary habits have a crucial influence on human health, affecting an individual's risk for hypertension, heart disease and stroke, as well as influencing the risk of developing of cancer. Moreover, an individual's lifestyle choices can greatly influence the progression and manifestation of chronic autoimmune rheumatic diseases...
June 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360116/homocysteine-and-stroke-risk-modifying-effect-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-c677t-polymorphism-and-folic-acid-intervention
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Min Zhao, Xiaobin Wang, Mingli He, Xianhui Qin, Genfu Tang, Yong Huo, Jianping Li, Jia Fu, Xiao Huang, Xiaoshu Cheng, Binyan Wang, Fan Fan Hou, Ningling Sun, Yefeng Cai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Elevated blood homocysteine concentration increases the risk of stroke, especially among hypertensive individuals. Homocysteine is largely affected by the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism and folate status. Among hypertensive patients, we aimed to test the hypothesis that the association between homocysteine and stroke can be modified by the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism and folic acid intervention. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 20 424 hypertensive adults enrolled in the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337931/utilizing-nutritional-genomics-to-tailor-diets-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-guide-for-upcoming-studies-and-implementations
#10
REVIEW
Dolores Corella, Oscar Coltell, George Mattingley, José V Sorlí, Jose M Ordovas
Personalized diets based on an individual's genome to optimize the success of dietary intervention and reduce genetic cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, is one of the challenges most frequently discussed in the scientific community. Areas covered: The authors gathered literature-based evidence on nutritional genomics and CVD phenotypes, our own results and research experience to provide a critical overview of the current situation of using nutritional genomics to tailor diets for CVD prevention and to propose guidelines for future studies and implementations...
May 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314625/transthyretin-concentrations-in-acute-stroke-patients-predict-convalescent-rehabilitation
#11
Naofumi Isono, Yuki Imamura, Keiko Ohmura, Norihide Ueda, Shinji Kawabata, Motomasa Furuse, Toshihiko Kuroiwa
OBJECTIVE: For stroke patients, intensive nutritional management is an important and effective component of inpatient rehabilitation. Accordingly, acute care hospitals must detect and prevent malnutrition at an early stage. Blood transthyretin levels are widely used as a nutritional monitoring index in critically ill patients. Here, we had analyzed the relationship between the transthyretin levels during the acute phase and Functional Independence Measure in stroke patients undergoing convalescent rehabilitation...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289069/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-fish-oil-supplementation-and-the-prevention-of-clinical-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#12
REVIEW
David S Siscovick, Thomas A Barringer, Amanda M Fretts, Jason H Y Wu, Alice H Lichtenstein, Rebecca B Costello, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Terry A Jacobson, Mary B Engler, Heather M Alger, Lawrence J Appel, Dariush Mozaffarian
Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed the effects of supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid plus docosahexaenoic acid (omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, commonly called fish oils) on the occurrence of clinical cardiovascular diseases. Although the effects of supplementation for the primary prevention of clinical cardiovascular events in the general population have not been examined, RCTs have assessed the role of supplementation in secondary prevention among patients with diabetes mellitus and prediabetes, patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease, and those with prevalent coronary heart disease...
April 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089168/the-relationship-between-dietary-intake-and-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-with-blood-pressure-in-individuals-without-a-history-of-a-cardiovascular-event-evidence-based-study-with-5670-subjects
#13
Mohsen Mazidi, Mohsen Nematy, Ali Reza Heidari-Bakavoli, Zahra Namadchian, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A Ferns
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Raised blood pressure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide; improved nutritional approaches to population-wide prevention are required.We aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary intake and other cardiovascular risk factors with blood pressure in individuals without a history of a cardiovascular event in an Iranian cohort. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 5670 healthy subjects [approximately 40% (n=2179) males and 60% (n=3491) females] was undertaken in a sample from northeastern Iran...
December 9, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902693/the-long-term-benefits-of-increased-aspirin-use-by-at-risk-americans-aged-50-and-older
#14
David B Agus, Étienne Gaudette, Dana P Goldman, Andrew Messali
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of aspirin to defend against cardiovascular disease in both primary and secondary settings is well recognized by the medical profession. Multiple studies also have found that daily aspirin significantly reduces cancer incidence and mortality. Despite these proven health benefits, aspirin use remains low among populations targeted by cardiovascular prevention guidelines. This article seeks to determine the long-term economic and population-health impact of broader use of aspirin by older Americans at higher risk for cardiovascular disease...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878815/interventions-to-reduce-cognitive-impairments-following-critical-illness-a-topical-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
H K Nedergaard, H I Jensen, P Toft
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is associated with cognitive impairments. Effective treatment or prevention has not been established. The aim of this review was to create a systematic summary of the current evidence concerning clinical interventions during intensive care admission to reduce cognitive impairments after discharge. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central, PsycInfo and Cinahl were searched. Inclusion criteria were studies assessing the effect of interventions during intensive care admission on cognitive function in adult patients...
February 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832814/obesity-induced-cardiac-lipid-accumulation-in-adult-mice-is-modulated-by-g-protein-coupled-receptor-kinase-2-levels
#16
Elisa Lucas, Rocio Vila-Bedmar, Alba C Arcones, Marta Cruces-Sande, Victoria Cachofeiro, Federico Mayor, Cristina Murga
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of death among the obese population is heart failure and stroke prompted by structural and functional changes in the heart. The molecular mechanisms that underlie obesity-related cardiac remodeling are complex, and include hemodynamic and metabolic alterations that ultimately affect the functionality of the myocardium. G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) is an ubiquitous kinase able to desensitize the active form of several G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) and is known to play an important role in cardiac GPCR modulation...
November 10, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598147/advances-in-integrating-traditional-and-omic-biomarkers-when-analyzing-the-effects-of-the-mediterranean-diet-intervention-in-cardiovascular-prevention
#17
REVIEW
Montserrat Fitó, Olle Melander, José Alfredo Martínez, Estefanía Toledo, Christian Carpéné, Dolores Corella
Intervention with Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has provided a high level of evidence in primary prevention of cardiovascular events. Besides enhancing protection from classical risk factors, an improvement has also been described in a number of non-classical ones. Benefits have been reported on biomarkers of oxidation, inflammation, cellular adhesion, adipokine production, and pro-thrombotic state. Although the benefits of the MedDiet have been attributed to its richness in antioxidants, the mechanisms by which it exercises its beneficial effects are not well known...
September 2, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539974/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-incident-cardiovascular-events-the-jackson-heart-study
#18
Mark J Ommerborn, Chad T Blackshear, DeMarc A Hickson, Michael E Griswold, Japneet Kwatra, Luc Djoussé, Cheryl R Clark
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology of American Heart Association ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics has not been fully examined in African Americans. This study examines the associations of CVH metrics with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Jackson Heart Study, a longitudinal cohort study of CVD in African Americans. METHODS: Jackson Heart Study participants without CVD (n=4,702) were followed prospectively between 2000 and 2011. Incidence rates and Cox proportional hazard ratios estimated risks for incident CVD (myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiac procedures, and CVD mortality) associated with seven CVH metrics by sex...
October 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532918/lipid-screening-in-childhood-and-adolescence-for-detection-of-multifactorial-dyslipidemia-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#19
REVIEW
Paula Lozano, Nora B Henrikson, Caitlin C Morrison, John Dunn, Matt Nguyen, Paula R Blasi, Evelyn P Whitlock
IMPORTANCE: Multifactorial dyslipidemia, characterized by elevated total cholesterol (TC) or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), is associated with dyslipidemia and markers of atherosclerosis in young adulthood. Screening for dyslipidemia in childhood could delay or reduce cardiovascular events in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on benefits and harms of screening adolescents and children for multifactorial dyslipidemia for the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)...
August 9, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207938/limitations-of-routine-verification-of-nasogastric-tube-insertion-using-x-ray-and-auscultation-two-case-reports-of-life-threatening-complications
#20
Takahide Nejo, Soichi Oya, Tsuchiya Tsukasa, Naomi Yamaguchi, Toru Matsui
Several bedside approaches used in combination with thoracoabdominal X-ray are widely used to avoid severe complications that have been reported during nasogastric tube management. Although confirmation by X-ray is considered the gold standard, it is not yet perfect. We present 2 cases of rare complications in which the routine verification methods could not detect all the complications related to the nasogastric tube placement. Case 1 was a 17-year-old male who presented with a brain tumor and repeatedly required nasogastric tube placement...
May 13, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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