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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909582/ebola-research-funding-a-systematic-analysis-1997-2015
#1
Joseph Ra Fitchett, Amos Lichtman, Damilola T Soyode, Ariel Low, Jimena Villar de Onis, Michael G Head, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: The latest outbreak of Ebola in West Africa overwhelmed the affected countries, with the impact on health extending far beyond Ebola-related deaths that have exceeded 11 000. The need to promptly mobilise resources to control emerging infections is widely recognized. Yet, data on research funding for emerging infections remains inadequately documented. METHODS: We defined research investment as all funding flows for Ebola and/or Marburg virus from 1997 to April 2015 whose primary purpose was to advance knowledge and new technologies to prevent or cure disease...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906552/social-work-involvement-in-advance-care-planning-findings-from-a-large-survey-of-social-workers-in-hospice-and-palliative-care-settings
#2
Gary L Stein, John G Cagle, Grace H Christ
BACKGROUND: Few data are available describing the involvement and activities of social workers in advance care planning (ACP). OBJECTIVE: We sought to provide data about (1) social worker involvement and leadership in ACP conversations with patients and families; and (2) the extent of functions and activities when these discussions occur. METHODS: We conducted a large web-based survey of social workers employed in hospice, palliative care, and related settings to explore their role, participation, and self-rated competency in facilitating ACP discussions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899345/ethics-of-genetic-testing-and-research-in-sport-a-position-statement-from-the-australian-institute-of-sport
#3
Nicole Vlahovich, Peter A Fricker, Matthew A Brown, David Hughes
As Australia's peak high-performance sport agency, the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) has developed this position statement to address the implications of recent advances in the field of genetics and the ramifications for the health and well-being of athletes. Genetic testing has proven of value in the practice of clinical medicine. There are, however, currently no scientific grounds for the use of genetic testing for athletic performance improvement, sport selection or talent identification. Athletes and coaches should be discouraged from using direct-to-consumer genetic testing because of its lack of validation and replicability and the lack of involvement of a medical practitioner in the process...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899114/developing-translational-medicine-professionals-the-marie-sk%C3%A5-odowska-curie-action-model
#4
Alessandra Petrelli, Berent J Prakken, Norman D Rosenblum
End goal of translational medicine is to combine disciplines and expertise to eventually promote improvement of the global healthcare system by delivering effective therapies to individuals and society. Well-trained experts of the translational medicine process endowed with profound knowledge of biomedical technology, ethical and clinical issues, as well as leadership and teamwork abilities are essential for the effective development of tangible therapeutic products for patients. In this article we focus on education and, in particular, we discuss how programs providing training on the broad spectrum of the translational medicine continuum have still a limited degree of diffusion and do not provide professional support and mentorship in the long-term, resulting in the lack of well established professionals of translational medicine (TMPs) in the scientific community...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895528/nurses-perceptions-of-a-pressure-ulcer-prevention-care-bundle-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#5
Shelley Roberts, Elizabeth McInnes, Marianne Wallis, Tracey Bucknall, Merrilyn Banks, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcer prevention is a critical patient safety indicator for acute care hospitals. An innovative pressure ulcer prevention care bundle targeting patient participation in their care was recently tested in a cluster randomised trial in eight Australian hospitals. Understanding nurses' perspectives of such an intervention is imperative when interpreting results and translating evidence into practice. As part of a process evaluation for the main trial, this study assessed nurses' perceptions of the usefulness and impact of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle intervention on clinical practice...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892230/clinical-academic-careers-embracing-the-art-and-science-of-nursing
#6
Abigail Masterson, Liz Robb
Clinical academics make a unique contribution to health research and scholarship by undertaking practice-focused research that offers direct benefits to patient care. The Florence Nightingale Foundation supports the development of research skills in nursing and midwifery through its scholarships and by establishing a network of chairs in clinical nursing practice research. The Florence Nightingale Foundation also provides leadership scholarships to deans and aspiring deans of university faculties of health...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887961/clinical-perspective-creating-an-effective-practice-peer-review-process-a-primer
#7
Manisha Gandhi, Frances S Louis, Shae H Wilson, Steven L Clark
Peer review serves as an important adjunct to other hospital quality and safety programs. Despite its importance, the available literature contains virtually no guidance regarding the structure and function of effective peer review committees. This Clinical Perspective provides a summary of the purposes, structure, and functioning of effective peer review committees. We also discuss important legal considerations that are a necessary component of such processes. This discussion includes useful templates for case selection and review...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884679/risk-stratified-staging-in-paediatric-hepatoblastoma-a-unified-analysis-from-the-children-s-hepatic-tumors-international-collaboration
#8
Rebecka L Meyers, Rudolf Maibach, Eiso Hiyama, Beate Häberle, Mark Krailo, Arun Rangaswami, Daniel C Aronson, Marcio H Malogolowkin, Giorgio Perilongo, Dietrich von Schweinitz, Marc Ansari, Dolores Lopez-Terrada, Yukichi Tanaka, Rita Alaggio, Ivo Leuschner, Tomoro Hishiki, Irene Schmid, Kenichiro Watanabe, Kenichi Yoshimura, Yurong Feng, Eugenia Rinaldi, Davide Saraceno, Marisa Derosa, Piotr Czauderna
BACKGROUND: Comparative assessment of treatment results in paediatric hepatoblastoma trials has been hampered by small patient numbers and the use of multiple disparate staging systems by the four major trial groups. To address this challenge, we formed a global coalition, the Children's Hepatic tumors International Collaboration (CHIC), with the aim of creating a common approach to staging and risk stratification in this rare cancer. METHODS: The CHIC steering committee-consisting of leadership from the four major cooperative trial groups (the International Childhood Liver Tumours Strategy Group, Children's Oncology Group, the German Society for Paediatric Oncology and Haematology, and the Japanese Study Group for Paediatric Liver Tumours)-created a shared international database that includes comprehensive data from 1605 children treated in eight multicentre hepatoblastoma trials over 25 years...
November 21, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884056/community-assets-and-capabilities-to-recruit-and-retain-gps-the-community-apgar-questionnaire-in-rural-victoria
#9
Daniel R Terry, Ed Baker, David F Schmitz
INTRODUCTION: Rural communities continue to experience significant challenges recruiting and retaining physicians. The Community Apgar Questionnaire (CAQ) was developed in Idaho in the USA to comprehensively assess the characteristics associated with successful recruitment and retention of rural physicians. The CAQ has been utilised and validated across the USA; however, its value in rural Australia has not been examined. The objective of this study was to use the CAQ in rural Australia to examine its utility and develop a greater understanding of the community factors that impact general practitioner (GP) recruitment and retention...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883929/happy-to-help-happy-to-be-here-identifying-components-of-successful-clinical-placements-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#10
Kerrie Doyle, Kathryn Sainsbury, Sonja Cleary, Lauren Parkinson, Dein Vindigni, Ian McGrath, Mary Cruickshank
INTRODUCTION: The clinical placement learning environment is a critical component of nursing education where Australian nursing students spend a minimum of 800h. Identifying components of successful clinical placements for undergraduate nursing students is therefore paramount. PURPOSE: To assess nursing students' views of the learning environment during clinical placement with an emphasis on the pedagogical atmosphere, leadership style of the ward manager, and premises of nursing on the unit or ward...
November 17, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878847/effectiveness-of-supporting-intensive-care-units-on-implementing-the-guideline-end-of-life-care-in-the-intensive-care-unit-nursing-care-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Marijke Noome, Boukje M Dijkstra, Evert Van Leeuwen, Lilian C M Vloet
AIM: To examine the effectiveness of supporting intensive care units on implementing the guidelines. BACKGROUND: Quality of care can be achieved through evidence-based practice. Guidelines can facilitate evidence-based practice, such as the guidelines 'End-of-life care in the intensive care unit, nursing care'. Before intensive care nurses are able to use these guidelines, they needs to be implemented in clinical practice. Implementation is a complex process and may need support...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876686/encouraging-patient-portal-use-in-the-patient-centered-medical-home-three-stakeholder-perspectives
#12
Gemmae M Fix, Timothy P Hogan, Daniel J Amante, D Keith McInnes, Kim M Nazi, Steven R Simon
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations are increasingly offering patients access to their electronic medical record and the ability to communicate with their providers through Web-based patient portals, thus playing a prominent role within the patient-centered medical home (PCMH). However, despite enthusiasm, adoption remains low. OBJECTIVE: We examined factors in the PCMH context that may affect efforts to improve enrollment in a patient portal. METHODS: Using a sociotechnical approach, we conducted qualitative, semistructured interviews with patients and providers from 3 primary care clinics and with national leaders from across a large integrated health care system...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875605/sustaining-family-physicians-in-urban-underserved-settings
#13
Anne Getzin, Bonnie L Bobot, Deborah Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify factors that sustain family physicians practicing in Milwaukee's underserved urban areas. METHODS: Family physicians with clinical careers in Milwaukee's urban, underserved communities were identified and invited to participate in a 45-60 minute interview using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Each interview was transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis using a grounded theory qualitative approach by two authors to yield sustaining themes...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875382/incorporation-of-leadership-rounds-in-cauti-prevention-efforts
#14
Suzanne Purvis, Gregory D Kennedy, Mary Jo Knobloch, Amy Marver, John Marx, Susan Rees, Nasia Safdar, Daniel Shirley
Leadership engagement is an important aspect of integrating best practices at the bedside. The catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention workgroup at our academic medical center implemented leadership rounding in partnership with clinical staff to increase participation in CAUTI prevention initiatives on inpatient units. There was an associated decrease in urinary catheter utilization and CAUTI rates. Implementation of leadership rounds should be considered as a part of comprehensive CAUTI prevention efforts in health care settings...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875070/competitive-funding-strategies-for-the-conquer-cancer-foundation-of-asco
#15
Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Sanjay Goel, Adrien Dickerson, Jamie Von Roenn, Michael A Thompson, Anne S Tsao
PURPOSE: The Conquer Cancer Foundation (CCF), the philanthropic arm of ASCO, is responsible for funding innovative clinical research. CCF wants to broaden its donor base instead of relying predominantly on health-care companies. Our Leadership Development Program (LDP) group was tasked with identifying potential donor sources and making recommendations to increase funding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected three sources to research: the general public, crowdsourcing/social media, and ASCO members...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875052/the-role-of-academic-institutions-in-fostering-interprofessional-educational-models
#16
Romesh P Nalliah, Lisa A Thompson, Lee A Wellman, Brian J Swann
Dentistry is much broader than the conditions it treats. In 2014, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine convened a leadership forum, "Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is: The Economic Imperative of Oral Health." Based on the goals of that initiative to advocate for an integrated healthcare system, the authors have presented pertinent information from two major research projects and two major clinical programs, which, collectively, aim to bring oral health into primary care and raise the awareness of the connections between oral health and systemic health...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871627/executive-leadership-and-physician-well-being-nine-organizational-strategies-to-promote-engagement-and-reduce-burnout
#17
REVIEW
Tait D Shanafelt, John H Noseworthy
These are challenging times for health care executives. The health care field is experiencing unprecedented changes that threaten the survival of many health care organizations. To successfully navigate these challenges, health care executives need committed and productive physicians working in collaboration with organization leaders. Unfortunately, national studies suggest that at least 50% of US physicians are experiencing professional burnout, indicating that most executives face this challenge with a disillusioned physician workforce...
November 18, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870669/operating-room-efficiency-benefits-of-an-orthopaedic-traumatologist-at-a-level-ii-trauma-center
#18
Peter L Althausen, Justin R Kauk, Steven Shannon, Minggen Lu, Timothy J O'Mara, Timothy J Bray
OBJECTIVES: Fellowship-trained orthopaedic traumatologists are presumably taught skill sets leading to "best practice" outcomes and more efficient use of hospital resources. This should result in more favorable economic opportunities when compared with general orthopaedic surgeons (GOSs) providing similar clinical services. The purpose of our study was to compare the operating room utilization and financial data of traumatologists versus GOSs at a level II trauma center. DESIGN: Retrospective review...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864206/educational-strategies-to-enable-expansion-of-pharmacogenomics-based-care
#19
Kristin Wiisanen Weitzel, Christina L Aquilante, Samuel Johnson, David F Kisor, Philip E Empey
PURPOSE: The current state of pharmacogenomics education for pharmacy students and practitioners is discussed, and resources and strategies to address persistent challenges in this area are reviewed. SUMMARY: Consensus-based pharmacist competencies and guidelines have been published to guide pharmacogenomics knowledge attainment and application in clinical practice. Pharmacogenomics education is integrated into various pharmacy school courses and, increasingly, into Pharm...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864201/precision-medicine-in-oncology-new-practice-models-and-roles-for-oncology-pharmacists
#20
Christine Walko, Patrick J Kiel, Jill Kolesar
PURPOSE: Three different precision medicine practice models developed by oncology pharmacists are described, including strategies for implementation and recommendations for educating the next generation of oncology pharmacy practitioners. SUMMARY: Oncology is unique in that somatic mutations can both drive the development of a tumor and serve as a therapeutic target for treating the cancer. Precision medicine practice models are a forum through which interprofessional teams, including pharmacists, discuss tumor somatic mutations to guide patient-specific treatment...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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