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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843552/remission-of-pre-diabetes-to-normal-glucose-tolerance-in-obese-adults-with-high-protein-versus-high-carbohydrate-diet-randomized-control-trial
#1
Frankie B Stentz, Amy Brewer, Jim Wan, Channing Garber, Blake Daniels, Chris Sands, Abbas E Kitabchi
OBJECTIVE: Remission of pre-diabetes to normal is an important health concern which has had little success in the past. This study objective was to determine the effect on remission of pre-diabetes with a high protein (HP) versus high carbohydrate (HC) diet and effects on metabolic parameters, lean and fat body mass in prediabetic, obese subjects after 6 months of dietary intervention. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited and randomized 24 pre-diabetes women and men to either a HP (30% protein, 30% fat, 40% carbohydrate; n=12) or HC (15% protein, 30% fat, 55% carbohydrate; n=12) diet feeding study for 6 months in this randomized controlled trial...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093922/preschool-diets-in-children-from-pi%C3%A5-a-poland-require-urgent-intervention-as-implied-by-high-risk-of-nutrient-inadequacies
#2
Sylwia Merkiel, Wojciech Chalcarz
BACKGROUND: Among the studies published after the year 2000 which focused on nutrition at preschool, only three aimed to assess children's intake of energy and selected nutrients at preschool. The purpose of this study was to assess dietary intake in children during their stay at preschool. METHODS: The studied population comprised 128 4-6-year-old children who attended preschools in Piła, Poland. Intakes of energy and macronutrients were estimated from a 5-day weighed food record completed by the preschool staff...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26921381/does-anything-work-to-reduce-obesity-yes-modestly
#3
John Cawley
A large number and range of policies to address the obesity epidemic have been implemented. However, the prevalence of obesity has continued to rise, or at best has leveled off, and many individual interventions have had disappointing results. This has led some people to question whether anything works to prevent or reduce obesity. In this essay I review the evidence on the effectiveness of antiobesity programs. Although some programs have had negligible effects, others have had small beneficial effects on diet, physical activity, and weight...
June 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26690207/a-historical-review-of-changes-in-nutrition-standards-of-usda-child-meal-programs-relative-to-research-findings-on-the-nutritional-adequacy-of-program-meals-and-the-diet-and-nutritional-health-of-participants-implications-for-future-research-and-the-summer
#4
REVIEW
Laura C Hopkins, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND: The USDA child meal programs (CMPs) (National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Breakfast Program (SBP), and Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) were established in 1946 (NSLP) and 1975 (SBP and SFSP) to improve the diet and nutritional health of US children. There is concern that participation in these programs may in fact be a contributor to the current childhood obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if the CMPs are meeting their intended goal by reviewing the historical changes to nutrition standards of the CMPs in correspondence with the literature that examines the nutritional adequacy of meals served as part of these programs, as well as the dietary intakes and nutritional status of participants...
December 2015: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26024402/assessment-of-food-intakes-for-women-adopting-the-high-protein-dukan-diet
#5
Joanna Wyka, Ewa Malczyk, Marta Misiarz, Marzena Zołoteńka-Synowiec, Beata Całyniuk, Sandra Baczyńska
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are metabolic disorders affecting both adults and children. Effective treatment of these conditions is focused on decreasing the body mass, through individually tailored and well balanced diets, along with increasing physical activity. Obese persons often, however, choose high protein diets for losing weight. Recently in Poland, the high-protein Dukan-diet has become very popular. OBJECTIVES: To assess dietary consumption in women adopting the Dukan-diet, including intakes of protein, fat, carbohydrate as well as vitamins and minerals...
2015: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25958116/menu-label-accuracy-at-a-university-s-foodservices-an-exploratory-recipe-nutrition-analysis
#6
Charles Feldman, Douglas Murray, Stephanie Chavarria, Hang Zhao
The increase in the weight of American adults and children has been positively associated with the prevalence of the consumption of food-away-from-home. The objective was to assess the accuracy of claimed nutritional information of foods purchased in contracted foodservices located on the campus of an institution of higher education. Fifty popular food items were randomly collected from five main dining outlets located on a selected campus in the northeastern United States. The sampling was repeated three times on separate occasions for an aggregate total of 150 food samples...
September 2015: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25865662/perceptions-of-university-students-regarding-calories-food-healthiness-and-the-importance-of-calorie-information-in-menu-labelling
#7
Ana Carolina Fernandes, Renata Carvalho de Oliveira, Vanessa Mello Rodrigues, Giovanna Medeiros Rataichesck Fiates, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença
This study investigated Brazilian university students' perceptions of the concept of calories, how it relates to food healthiness, and the role of calorie information on menus in influencing food choices in different restaurant settings. Focus groups were conducted with 21 undergraduate students from various universities. Transcriptions were analysed for qualitative content, by coding and grouping words and phrases into similar themes. Two categories were obtained: Calorie concept and connection to healthiness; and Calorie information and food choices in restaurants...
August 2015: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25578353/analysis-of-different-thermal-processing-methods-of-foodstuffs-to-optimize-protein-calcium-and-phosphorus-content-for-dialysis-patients
#8
Ivica Vrdoljak, Ines Panjkota Krbavčić, Martina Bituh, Tea Vrdoljak, Zoran Dujmić
OBJECTIVE: To analyze how different thermal processing methods affect the protein, calcium, and phosphorus content of hospital food served to dialysis patients and to generate recommendations for preparing menus that optimize nutritional content while minimizing the risk of hyperphosphatemia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Standard Official Methods of Analysis (AOAC) methods were used to determine dry matter, protein, calcium, and phosphorus content in potatoes, fresh and frozen carrots, frozen green beans, chicken, beef and pork, frozen hake, pasta, and rice...
May 2015: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25074482/health-equilibrium-initiative-a-public-health-intervention-to-narrow-the-health-gap-and-promote-a-healthy-weight-in-swedish-children
#9
Maria Magnusson, Moa Hallmyr Lewis, Malgorzata Smaga-Blom, Lauren Lissner, Chris Pickering
BACKGROUND: Inequity in health is a global concern. Even in Sweden there are considerable health gaps between different social groups, not least concerning life-style related conditions. Interventions drawing on Community-based participatory research (CBPR) have potential to build prerequisites for complex, supportive structures that constitute basis for implementation of sustainable health promoting programs. CBPR rests on principles of empowerment. The researchers are responsible for the scientific quality and that ethical standards are met...
2014: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25042088/improving-the-nutritional-quality-of-charitable-meals-for-homeless-and-vulnerable-adults-a-case-study-of-food-provision-by-a-food-aid-organisation-in-the-uk
#10
Sophie E Pelham-Burn, Catherine J Frost, Jean M Russell, Margo E Barker
The prevalence of homelessness in the UK is rising, and demand for food aid through charitable meal services has increased. Charitable services make a substantial contribution to the food and nutrient intake of vulnerable people, and thus offer a platform for dietary improvement. This study examined food provision by a large charitable organisation in a major UK city. It had several objectives: Firstly to quantify nutritional composition of breakfast and lunch meals, secondly to understand factors that influence the composition of menus and meals, and thirdly to determine whether, within the context of these influences, improvements to the menu would be possible and whether these would be acceptable to clients...
November 2014: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24874177/multi-modal-intervention-improved-oral-intake-in-hospitalized-patients-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#11
M Holst, T Beermann, M N Mortensen, L B Skadhauge, K Lindorff-Larsen, H H Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Good nutritional practice (GNP) includes screening, nutrition plan and monitoring, and is mandatory for targeted treatment of malnourished patients in hospital. AIMS: To optimize energy- and protein-intake in patients at nutritional risk and to improve GNP in a hospital setting. METHODS: A 12-months observational multi-modal intervention study was done, using the top-down and bottom-up principle. All hospitalized patients (>3 days) were included...
April 2015: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24824017/tissue-iron-deficiency-and-adiposity-related-inflammation-in-disadvantaged-preschoolers-from-ne-brazil
#12
R S Gibson, K B Bailey, S Williams, L Houghton, H C Costa-Ribeiro, A P Mattos, D L Barreto, R L Lander
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Earlier we reported an association between iron deficiency and overweight in Brazilian preschoolers. Here, we investigate whether this is the result of adipose-related inflammation. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fasting serum C-reactive protein, α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), hepcidin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and leptin, together with two iron biomarkers (serum ferritin and transferrin receptor (sTfR)), were measured in 364 disadvantaged preschoolers with a mean BMIZ (standardised Z-score for BMI) of 0...
August 2014: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24761366/structured-dietary-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-severe-pediatric-obesity-a-pilot-study
#13
Melissa A Kalarchian, Michele D Levine, Marsha D Marcus
BACKGROUND: Structured dietary interventions have been associated with improved outcomes in adult weight-control programs, but virtually no research has focused on children. Thus, we conducted an uncontrolled pilot study to determine the potential utility of structured approaches to enhance the dietary component of family-based treatment of severe pediatric obesity (body mass index [BMI] >97th percentile for age and sex). METHOD: Children aged 8-12 years participated with a parent or guardian...
June 2013: Bariatric Surgical Practice and Patient Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24588967/protein-leverage-and-energy-intake
#14
A K Gosby, A D Conigrave, D Raubenheimer, S J Simpson
Increased energy intakes are contributing to overweight and obesity. Growing evidence supports the role of protein appetite in driving excess intake when dietary protein is diluted (the protein leverage hypothesis). Understanding the interactions between dietary macronutrient balance and nutrient-specific appetite systems will be required for designing dietary interventions that work with, rather than against, basic regulatory physiology. Data were collected from 38 published experimental trials measuring ad libitum intake in subjects confined to menus differing in macronutrient composition...
March 2014: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24575727/menu-labels-displaying-the-kilocalorie-content-or-the-exercise-equivalent-effects-on-energy-ordered-and-consumed-in-young-adults
#15
Ashlei James, Beverley Adams-Huet, Meena Shah
PURPOSE: Determine the effect of menu labels displaying the energy content of food items or the exercise equivalent on energy ordered and consumed at lunch and energy intake for the remainder of the day in young adults. DESIGN: Subjects were randomized to a menu with no labels (no-labels), menu with kilocalorie labels displaying the energy content of the food items (kcal-labels), or menu with exercise labels displaying the minutes of brisk walking needed to burn the food energy (exercise-labels)...
May 2015: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24568282/meal-replacements-and-fibre-supplement-as-a-strategy-for-weight-loss-proprietary-pgx%C3%A2-meal-replacement-and-pgx%C3%A2-fibre-supplement-in-addition-to-a-calorie-restricted-diet-to-achieve-weight-loss-in-a-clinical-setting
#16
Ronald G Reichert, Raylene A Reimer, Veronica Kacinik, Sebely Pal, Roland J Gahler, Simon Wood
Meal replacements and viscous soluble fibre represent safe and sustainable aids for weight loss. Our purpose was to determine if PGX® meal replacements and PGX(®) fibre complex in combination with a calorie-restricted diet would aid in weight loss in a clinical setting. Fifty-two overweight and obese participants (49 women, 3 men; average age 47.1 years) with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 33.8 ± 6.4 kg/m(2) consumed 57 g of proprietary PGX® meal replacement product at breakfast and another 57 g at lunch for 12 weeks...
2013: Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24355978/decision-support-from-local-data-creating-adaptive-order-menus-from-past-clinician-behavior
#17
Jeffrey G Klann, Peter Szolovits, Stephen M Downs, Gunther Schadow
OBJECTIVE: Reducing care variability through guidelines has significantly benefited patients. Nonetheless, guideline-based Clinical Decision Support (CDS) systems are not widely implemented or used, are frequently out-of-date, and cannot address complex care for which guidelines do not exist. Here, we develop and evaluate a complementary approach - using Bayesian Network (BN) learning to generate adaptive, context-specific treatment menus based on local order-entry data. These menus can be used as a draft for expert review, in order to minimize development time for local decision support content...
April 2014: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24322815/evaluating-changes-to-sodium-content-in-school-meals-at-a-large-urban-school-district-in-los-angeles-county-california
#18
Patricia L Cummings, Lindsey Burbage, Michelle Wood, Rebecca K Butler, Tony Kuo
CONTEXT: Children consume more than one-third of their daily food intake in schools, suggesting that these environments are ideal places for intervening on poor dietary behaviors. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of strategy-focused menu planning on the sodium content of student meals served in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). DESIGN: Pre- and post-LAUSD menu change analyses for school years (SY) 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 were performed using nutritional analysis data and food production records...
January 2014: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24160239/diet-choice-in-weight-restored-patients-with-eating-disorders-progressive-autonomy-process-by-nutritional-education
#19
Inmaculada Ruiz-Prieto, Patricia Bolaños-Ríos, Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera
INTRODUCTION: Human eating behaviour is regulated by multiple factors. Anorexia nervosa patients show a restrictive eating pattern while bulimia nervosa patients present bingeing-purging episodes. Although treatments are specially successful in the normalization of body composition, maladaptive eating behaviours tend to persist being a risk factor for relapse and recurrence. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to assess the quality of the nutritional choice of eating disorders patients after a year of nutritional education and to assess improvements in choice capacity...
September 2013: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23700076/the-energy-content-of-restaurant-foods-without-stated-calorie-information
#20
Lorien E Urban, Alice H Lichtenstein, Christine E Gary, Jamie L Fierstein, Ashley Equi, Carolyn Kussmaul, Gerard E Dallal, Susan B Roberts
IMPORTANCE: National recommendations for the prevention and treatment of obesity emphasize reducing energy intake through self-monitoring food consumption. However, little information is available on the energy content of foods offered by nonchain restaurants, which account for approximately 50% of restaurant locations in the United States. OBJECTIVE: To measure the energy content of foods from independent and small-chain restaurants that do not provide stated information on energy content...
July 22, 2013: JAMA Internal Medicine
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