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Menus for weight

Xiaopeng Yang, Jae Do Yang, Hee Chul Yu, Younggeun Choi, Kwangho Yang, Tae Beom Lee, Hong Pil Hwang, Sungwoo Ahn, Heecheon You
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Manual tracing of the right and left liver lobes from computed tomography (CT) images for graft volumetry in preoperative surgery planning of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is common at most medical centers. This study aims to develop an automatic system with advanced image processing algorithms and user-friendly interfaces for liver graft volumetry and evaluate its accuracy and efficiency in comparison with a manual tracing method. METHODS: The proposed system provides a sequential procedure consisting of (1) liver segmentation, (2) blood vessel segmentation, and (3) virtual liver resection for liver graft volumetry...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Tony Arjuna, Michelle Miller, Stijn Soenen, Ian Chapman, Renuka Visvanathan, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh
An audit of 'standard' (STD) and 'energy and protein fortified' (HEHP) meals from Meals on Wheels (MOW) South Australia's summer menu was conducted to evaluate the consistency, and serve size and nutrient contents, of their menu items. Twenty soups, 20 mains and 20 desserts from each of the STD and HEHP menus were prepared at the MOW South Australia's kitchen and delivered to three 'sham(dummy)-clients' over a 5-week period. Each meal component was weighed in triplicate, to the nearest gram, the variation within the serve weight was calculated, and the overall energy and protein content of each meal was determined using FoodWorks (Xyris Software, Highgate Hill, Queensland, Australia)...
February 20, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Matthew G Engel, Hua J Kern, J Thomas Brenna, Susan H Mitmesser
Weight-loss diets restrict intakes of energy and macronutrients but overlook micronutrient profiles. Commercial diet plans may provide insufficient micronutrients. We analyzed nutrient profiles of three plans and compared their micronutrient sufficiency to Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for male U.S. adults. Hypocaloric vegan (Eat to Live-Vegan, Aggressive Weight Loss; ETL-VAWL), high-animal-protein low-carbohydrate (Fast Metabolism Diet; FMD) and weight maintenance (Eat, Drink and Be Healthy; EDH) diets were evaluated...
January 20, 2018: Nutrients
Nicole Larson, Ann F Haynos, Christina A Roberto, Katie A Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that calorie information on restaurant menus does not similarly influence the ordering decisions of all population groups and may have unintended consequences for individuals who struggle with disordered eating or other weight-related concerns. OBJECTIVE: This study describes demographic patterns in the use of calorie information on restaurant menus and investigates relationships between using this information to limit calorie intake and measures of restaurant visit frequency and weight-related concerns and behavior...
March 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Boris Hansel, Philippe Giral, Laetitia Gambotti, Alexandre Lafourcade, Gilbert Peres, Claude Filipecki, Diana Kadouch, Agnes Hartemann, Jean-Michel Oppert, Eric Bruckert, Michel Marre, Arnaud Bruneel, Emilie Duchene, Ronan Roussel
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a public health challenge. New solutions need to be developed to help patients implement lifestyle changes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate a fully automated Web-based intervention designed to help users improve their dietary habits and increase their physical activity. METHODS: The Accompagnement Nutritionnel de l'Obésité et du Diabète par E-coaching (ANODE) study was a 16-week, 1:1 parallel-arm, open-label randomized clinical trial...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Yui Mizowaki, Saeko Sugawara, Kazushi Yamamoto, Yu Sakamoto, Yui Iwagaki, Yuki Kawakami, Miki Igarashi, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki
The Japanese diet and the Mediterranean diet are both known to be good for health, but there had been no direct comparison of their health benefits. In this study, we compared the 1975 Japanese diet, which has been found to have high health benefits, with the 2010 Italian diet, which contributes to the longest life expectancy in Mediterranean countries. Diets were created using one-week menus of the two diets based on FAOSTAT Food Balance Sheets. The diets were prepared, freeze-dried, powdered and fed to mice for 4 weeks to examine their effects on lipid metabolism...
2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Mariola Friedrich, Magdalena Junak
Background: Metabolic changes caused by hormonal contraception combined with unbalanced diet may pose many threats, and deficiency or excess of nutrients may increase the risk of using such contraceptives. Objective: The purpose of the survey was to assess the dietary choices of young women using hormonal contraceptives, taking into account their general knowledge about the contraception and its impact on their bodies. Material and methods: The survey comprised 67 women aged from 18 to 25 years...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Charoula Konstantia Nikolaou, Catherine Ruth Hankey, Michael Ernest John Lean
BACKGROUND: Eating out of home has been associated with the increasing prevalence of obesity. While some chain restaurants provide nutritional information for their products, smaller independent catering facilities may not provide such information. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy of meals provided to young adults at an independent catering facility and compare them with meals provided by chain restaurants. METHODS: Meals were analysed in 2014 in the UK in relation of nutrient provision to targets for macro- and micro-nutrients...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
Frankie B Stentz, Amy Brewer, Jim Wan, Channing Garber, Blake Daniels, Chris Sands, Abbas E Kitabchi
OBJECTIVE: Remission of pre-diabetes to normal is an important health concern which has had little success in the past. This study objective was to determine the effect on remission of pre-diabetes with a high protein (HP) versus high carbohydrate (HC) diet and effects on metabolic parameters, lean and fat body mass in prediabetic, obese subjects after 6 months of dietary intervention. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited and randomized 24 pre-diabetes women and men to either a HP (30% protein, 30% fat, 40% carbohydrate; n=12) or HC (15% protein, 30% fat, 55% carbohydrate; n=12) diet feeding study for 6 months in this randomized controlled trial...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Sylwia Merkiel, Wojciech Chalcarz
BACKGROUND: Among the studies published after the year 2000 which focused on nutrition at preschool, only three aimed to assess children's intake of energy and selected nutrients at preschool. The purpose of this study was to assess dietary intake in children during their stay at preschool. METHODS: The studied population comprised 128 4-6-year-old children who attended preschools in Piła, Poland. Intakes of energy and macronutrients were estimated from a 5-day weighed food record completed by the preschool staff...
April 19, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
John Cawley
A large number and range of policies to address the obesity epidemic have been implemented. However, the prevalence of obesity has continued to rise, or at best has leveled off, and many individual interventions have had disappointing results. This has led some people to question whether anything works to prevent or reduce obesity. In this essay I review the evidence on the effectiveness of antiobesity programs. Although some programs have had negligible effects, others have had small beneficial effects on diet, physical activity, and weight...
June 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
Laura C Hopkins, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND: The USDA child meal programs (CMPs) (National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Breakfast Program (SBP), and Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) were established in 1946 (NSLP) and 1975 (SBP and SFSP) to improve the diet and nutritional health of US children. There is concern that participation in these programs may in fact be a contributor to the current childhood obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if the CMPs are meeting their intended goal by reviewing the historical changes to nutrition standards of the CMPs in correspondence with the literature that examines the nutritional adequacy of meals served as part of these programs, as well as the dietary intakes and nutritional status of participants...
December 2015: Nutrients
Joanna Wyka, Ewa Malczyk, Marta Misiarz, Marzena Zołoteńka-Synowiec, Beata Całyniuk, Sandra Baczyńska
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are metabolic disorders affecting both adults and children. Effective treatment of these conditions is focused on decreasing the body mass, through individually tailored and well balanced diets, along with increasing physical activity. Obese persons often, however, choose high protein diets for losing weight. Recently in Poland, the high-protein Dukan-diet has become very popular. OBJECTIVES: To assess dietary consumption in women adopting the Dukan-diet, including intakes of protein, fat, carbohydrate as well as vitamins and minerals...
2015: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Charles Feldman, Douglas Murray, Stephanie Chavarria, Hang Zhao
The increase in the weight of American adults and children has been positively associated with the prevalence of the consumption of food-away-from-home. The objective was to assess the accuracy of claimed nutritional information of foods purchased in contracted foodservices located on the campus of an institution of higher education. Fifty popular food items were randomly collected from five main dining outlets located on a selected campus in the northeastern United States. The sampling was repeated three times on separate occasions for an aggregate total of 150 food samples...
September 2015: Appetite
Ana Carolina Fernandes, Renata Carvalho de Oliveira, Vanessa Mello Rodrigues, Giovanna Medeiros Rataichesck Fiates, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença
This study investigated Brazilian university students' perceptions of the concept of calories, how it relates to food healthiness, and the role of calorie information on menus in influencing food choices in different restaurant settings. Focus groups were conducted with 21 undergraduate students from various universities. Transcriptions were analysed for qualitative content, by coding and grouping words and phrases into similar themes. Two categories were obtained: Calorie concept and connection to healthiness; and Calorie information and food choices in restaurants...
August 2015: Appetite
Ivica Vrdoljak, Ines Panjkota Krbavčić, Martina Bituh, Tea Vrdoljak, Zoran Dujmić
OBJECTIVE: To analyze how different thermal processing methods affect the protein, calcium, and phosphorus content of hospital food served to dialysis patients and to generate recommendations for preparing menus that optimize nutritional content while minimizing the risk of hyperphosphatemia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Standard Official Methods of Analysis (AOAC) methods were used to determine dry matter, protein, calcium, and phosphorus content in potatoes, fresh and frozen carrots, frozen green beans, chicken, beef and pork, frozen hake, pasta, and rice...
May 2015: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Maria Magnusson, Moa Hallmyr Lewis, Malgorzata Smaga-Blom, Lauren Lissner, Chris Pickering
BACKGROUND: Inequity in health is a global concern. Even in Sweden there are considerable health gaps between different social groups, not least concerning life-style related conditions. Interventions drawing on Community-based participatory research (CBPR) have potential to build prerequisites for complex, supportive structures that constitute basis for implementation of sustainable health promoting programs. CBPR rests on principles of empowerment. The researchers are responsible for the scientific quality and that ethical standards are met...
2014: BMC Public Health
Sophie E Pelham-Burn, Catherine J Frost, Jean M Russell, Margo E Barker
The prevalence of homelessness in the UK is rising, and demand for food aid through charitable meal services has increased. Charitable services make a substantial contribution to the food and nutrient intake of vulnerable people, and thus offer a platform for dietary improvement. This study examined food provision by a large charitable organisation in a major UK city. It had several objectives: Firstly to quantify nutritional composition of breakfast and lunch meals, secondly to understand factors that influence the composition of menus and meals, and thirdly to determine whether, within the context of these influences, improvements to the menu would be possible and whether these would be acceptable to clients...
November 2014: Appetite
M Holst, T Beermann, M N Mortensen, L B Skadhauge, K Lindorff-Larsen, H H Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Good nutritional practice (GNP) includes screening, nutrition plan and monitoring, and is mandatory for targeted treatment of malnourished patients in hospital. AIMS: To optimize energy- and protein-intake in patients at nutritional risk and to improve GNP in a hospital setting. METHODS: A 12-months observational multi-modal intervention study was done, using the top-down and bottom-up principle. All hospitalized patients (>3 days) were included...
April 2015: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
R S Gibson, K B Bailey, S Williams, L Houghton, H C Costa-Ribeiro, A P Mattos, D L Barreto, R L Lander
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Earlier we reported an association between iron deficiency and overweight in Brazilian preschoolers. Here, we investigate whether this is the result of adipose-related inflammation. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fasting serum C-reactive protein, α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), hepcidin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and leptin, together with two iron biomarkers (serum ferritin and transferrin receptor (sTfR)), were measured in 364 disadvantaged preschoolers with a mean BMIZ (standardised Z-score for BMI) of 0...
August 2014: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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