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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938791/effects-of-a-high-dose-of-microbial-phytase-and-myo-inositol-supplementation-on-growth-performance-tibia-mineralization-nutrient-digestibility-litter-moisture-content-and-foot-problems-in-broiler-chickens-fed-phosphorus-deficient-diets
#1
D Farhadi, A Karimi, Gh Sadeghi, J Rostamzadeh, M R Bedford
A total of 660 one-day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly distributed into eleven dietary treatments. Treatments included a maize-soybean meal-based diet with recommended calcium (Ca) and non-phytate phosphorus (nPP) (positive control; PC), an nPP-deficient diet (negative control; NC), NC diets supplemented with different levels of phytase (0, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 4,000, 5,000, and 6,000 FTU/kg), a NC diet plus 0.15% myo-inositol, and a NC diet with reduced Ca level (Ca to nPP ratio same as PC)...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936761/biomarkers-for-parkinson-s-disease-recent-advancement
#2
REVIEW
Sharvari Lotankar, Kedar S Prabhavalkar, Lokesh K Bhatt
As a multi-factorial degenerative disease, Parkinson's disease (PD) leads to tremor, gait rigidity, and hypokinesia, thus hampering normal living. As this disease is usually detected in the later stages when neurons have degenerated completely, cure is on hold, ultimately leading to death due to the lack of early diagnostic techniques. Thus, biomarkers are required to detect the disease in the early stages when prevention is possible. Various biomarkers providing early diagnosis of the disease include those of imaging, cerebrospinal fluid, oxidative stress, neuroprotection, and inflammation...
September 21, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936086/diabetes-mellitus-as-the-presenting-feature-of-friedreich-s-ataxia
#3
Meenal Garg, Shilpa D Kulkarni, Krishnakumar N Shah, Anaita Udwadia Hegde
Patients with Friedreich's ataxia (FA) are at an increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus and glucose intolerance. Diabetes usually develops many years after the initial presentation. We report an 8-year-old girl who initially presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and was treated as a case of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Around a year later, she developed gait problems and ataxia. Cardiac involvement was detected on echocardiography. Genetic testing confirmed the diagnosis of FA. FA should be a diagnostic consideration in children presenting with diabetes and neurological issues, even with early presentation of the former...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935548/chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-historical-and-clinical-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Ronald Sahyouni, Khodayar Goshtasbi, Amin Mahmoodi, Diem K Tran, Jefferson W Chen
Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) affects 1-5.3 per 100,000 individuals annually, with the incidence expected to rise as the U.S. population ages. The symptoms of cSDH are often nonspecific, with headaches being the most common complaint. Other symptoms include weakness, balance and gait problems, and memory problems. A variety of clinical factors must be taken into account in the treatment of cSDH, and the multifaceted treatment paradigms continue to evolve. This review aims to highlight the clinical complexity of cSDH, while presenting a brief historical discussion of cSDH...
September 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934996/balancing-the-demands-of-two-tasks-an-investigation-of-cognitive-motor-dual-tasking-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Emma Butchard-MacDonald, Lorna Paul, Jonathan J Evans
BACKGROUND: People with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (PwRRMS) suffer disproportionate decrements in gait under dual-task conditions, when walking and a cognitive task are combined. There has been much less investigation of the impact of cognitive demands on balance. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether: (1) PwRRMS show disproportionate decrements in postural stability under dual-task conditions compared to healthy controls, and (2) dual-task decrements are associated with everyday dual-tasking difficulties...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934966/effectiveness-of-an-interactive-telerehabilitation-system-with-home-based-exercise-training-in-patients-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-superiority-no-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sarah Eichler, Sophie Rabe, Annett Salzwedel, Steffen Müller, Josefine Stoll, Nina Tilgner, Michael John, Karl Wegscheider, Frank Mayer, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Total hip or knee replacement is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Physical rehabilitation following total hip or knee replacement is an essential part of the therapy to improve functional outcomes and quality of life. After discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, a subsequent postoperative exercise therapy is needed to maintain functional mobility. Telerehabilitation may be a potential innovative treatment approach. We aim to investigate the superiority of an interactive telerehabilitation intervention for patients after total hip or knee replacement, in comparison to usual care, regarding physical performance, functional mobility, quality of life and pain...
September 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934309/increased-plasma-proline-concentrations-are-associated-with-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly
#7
Kenji Toyoshima, Marie Nakamura, Yusuke Adachi, Akira Imaizumi, Tomomi Hakamada, Yasuko Abe, Eiji Kaneko, Soiciro Takahashi, Kentaro Shimokado
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Metabolome analyses have shown that plasma amino acid profiles reflect various pathological conditions, such as cancer and diabetes mellitus. It remains unclear, however, whether plasma amino acid profiles change in patients with sarcopenia. This study therefore aimed to investigate whether sarcopenia-specific changes occur in plasma amino acid profiles. METHODS: A total of 153 community-dwelling and seven institutionalized elderly individuals (56 men, 104 women; mean age, 77...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933610/exercise-interventions-in-multiple-sclerosis-rehabilitation-need-better-reporting-on-comorbidities-a-systematic-scoping-review
#8
Etienne J Bisson, Afolasade Fakolade, Julie Pétrin, Julie Lamarre, Marcia Finlayson
OBJECTIVE: To identify the extent to which exercise intervention studies in multiple sclerosis rehabilitation are addressing comorbidities and if researchers consider comorbidities as possible moderators or mediators of exercise outcomes. METHODS: Five databases were searched from inception to January 8, 2016, for exercise-related terms in combination with multiple sclerosis. Studies were screened and limited to randomized control trials, full text, and English language...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933609/dual-task-training-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasability-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jacob J Sosnoff, Douglas A Wajda, Brian M Sandroff, Kathleen L Roeing, JongHun Sung, Robert W Motl
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of dual task training in persons with Multiple Sclerosis. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blinded controlled trial. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 234 individuals inquired about the investigation. After screening, 20 individuals with multiple sclerosis who self-reported problems with multitasking and were ambulatory volunteered for the investigation...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933330/-short-term-results-of-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-hallux-rigidus
#10
M Dygrýnová, M Uvízl, J Gallo
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Hallux rigidus is common and degenerative arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. The aim of this study was to assess the results of cheilectomy and total joint replacement (TJR) in patients with hallux rigidus. Minimum duration of followup was 18 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included fifty-nine patients who underwent surgery at our Department due to hallux rigidus between January 2013 and December 2014. Thirty-seven patients underwent cheilectomy and twenty-two patients had total joint arthroplasty using METIS®...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933238/staged-decrease-of-physical-ability-on-the-locomotive-syndrome-risk-test-is-related-to-neuropathic-pain-nociceptive-pain-shoulder-complaints-and-quality-of-life-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-the-utility-of-the-locomotive-syndrome-risk-test
#11
Shiro Imagama, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
OBJECTIVES: A locomotive syndrome (LS) risk test for evaluation of physical ability is recently proposed. The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of this test by examining physical ability, neuropathic pain, nociceptive pain, shoulder complaints, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 523 subjects (240 males, 283 females; mean age: 63.3 years) at a health checkup. Data collected using visual analog scales (VAS) for shoulder pain, low back pain, sciatica, and knee pain, neuropathic pain, shoulder complaint, body mass index (BMI), osteoporosis, and SF-36 were compared among three LS risk stages...
February 16, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932184/methods-used-to-evaluate-pain-behaviors-in-rodents
#12
Jennifer R Deuis, Lucie S Dvorakova, Irina Vetter
Rodents are commonly used to study the pathophysiological mechanisms of pain as studies in humans may be difficult to perform and ethically limited. As pain cannot be directly measured in rodents, many methods that quantify "pain-like" behaviors or nociception have been developed. These behavioral methods can be divided into stimulus-evoked or non-stimulus evoked (spontaneous) nociception, based on whether or not application of an external stimulus is used to elicit a withdrawal response. Stimulus-evoked methods, which include manual and electronic von Frey, Randall-Selitto and the Hargreaves test, were the first to be developed and continue to be in widespread use...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931996/a-modified-seated-side-tapping-test-in-which-the-arms-are-crossed-also-reflects-gait-function-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#13
Satoshi Fuchioka, Akira Iwata, Yumi Higuchi, Mari Miyake, Seiji Kanda, Toshimasa Nishiyama
[Purpose] Seated side tapping test (SST) performance is associated with mobility impairment in the elderly. Although this test was developed to assess trunk function, interpretation of its results may be confounded by the upper-limb movements in its protocol. Here, this study aimed to validate the association between trunk function and gait function by means of the Arms Crossed SST (AC-SST), a modified version of the SST in which the arms are crossed over the chest, to exclude the effects of the upper limbs...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931994/efficacy-of-ankle-control-balance-training-on-postural-balance-and-gait-ability-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-single-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Kyeongjin Lee, Yong Woo Lee
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of ankle control balance training (ACBT) on postural balance and gait ability in community-dwelling older adults. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-four subjects were randomly divided into two groups, with 27 subjects in the ACBT group and 27 subjects in the control group. Subjects in the ACBT group received ACBT for 60 minutes, twice per week for 4 weeks, and all subjects had undergone fall prevention education for 60 minutes, once per week for 4 weeks...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931993/effects-of-augmented-reality-based-otago-exercise-on-balance-gait-and-physical-factors-in-elderly-women-to-prevent-falls-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Jin Lee, Ha-Na Yoo, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To determine the effect of augmented reality (AR)-based otago exercise on muscle strength, balance, and physical factors in falls of elderly women. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty subjects were randomly assigned to AR group (AR, n=10), yoga group (yoga, n=10), and self-exercise group (self, n=10). For 12 weeks, these groups were given lessons related to AR-based otago exercise including strengthening, balance training, or yoga three times a week (60 minutes each time) and self-exercise using elastic band exercise program...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931439/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-neuromuscular-function-for-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Zhangqi Lai, Xueqiang Wang, Seullee Lee, Xihe Hou, Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of public disability. Neuromuscular function contributes to the development and/or progression of KOA. Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise improve the neuromuscular function of patients with neurological disorders and even that of older patients with limited exercise options. Therefore, WBV exercise may offer an efficient and alternative treatment for individuals with KOA. However, the effects of WBV training on the neuromuscular function of individuals with KOA remain unclear...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931418/erratum-to-gait-characteristics-and-their-discriminative-power-in-geriatric-patients-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment
#17
Lisette H J Kikkert, N Vuillerme, J P van Campen, Bregje A Appels, Tibor Hortobágyi, Claudine J C Lamoth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930753/camel-milk-attenuates-rheumatoid-arthritis-via-inhibition-of-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-pathway
#18
Hany H Arab, Samir A Salama, Tamer M Abdelghany, Hany A Omar, El-Shaimaa A Arafa, Majed M Alrobaian, Ibrahim A Maghrabi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Camel milk (CM) has shown beneficial anti-inflammatory actions in several experimental and clinical settings. So far, its effect on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been previously explored. Thus, the current work aimed to evaluate the effects of CM in Adjuvant-induced arthritis and air pouch edema models in rats, which mimic human RA. METHODS: CM was administered at 10 ml/kg orally for 3 weeks starting on the day of Freund's adjuvant paw inoculation...
September 20, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928711/validation-of-a-step-detection-algorithm-during-straight-walking-and-turning-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-older-adults-using-an-inertial-measurement-unit-at-the-lower-back
#19
Minh H Pham, Morad Elshehabi, Linda Haertner, Silvia Del Din, Karin Srulijes, Tanja Heger, Matthis Synofzik, Markus A Hobert, Gert S Faber, Clint Hansen, Dina Salkovic, Joaquim J Ferreira, Daniela Berg, Álvaro Sanchez-Ferro, Jaap H van Dieën, Clemens Becker, Lynn Rochester, Gerhard Schmidt, Walter Maetzler
INTRODUCTION: Inertial measurement units (IMUs) positioned on various body locations allow detailed gait analysis even under unconstrained conditions. From a medical perspective, the assessment of vulnerable populations is of particular relevance, especially in the daily-life environment. Gait analysis algorithms need thorough validation, as many chronic diseases show specific and even unique gait patterns. The aim of this study was therefore to validate an acceleration-based step detection algorithm for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and older adults in both a lab-based and home-like environment...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928491/freezing-of-gait-is-associated-with-cortical-thinning-in-mesial-frontal-cortex
#20
Miroslav Vastik, Pavel Hok, Jan Valosek, Petr Hlustik, Katerina Mensikova, Petr Kanovsky
AIMS: The relationship between freezing of gait (FOG) and regional brain atrophy has been intensively investigated, but it is still not clearly understood. The study objective was to test whether grey matter (GM) atrophy contributes to FOG in Parkinson´s disease (PD) using a surface-based algorithm. METHODS: We investigated 21 patients with PD, 11 with FOG and 10 without FOG. Both groups were assessed using a FOG questionnaire and Hoehn and Yahr staging. High resolution T1-weighted brain images were acquired for each subject using a 1...
September 13, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
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