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Foreign body aspiration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768339/foreign-body-aspiration-as-a-cause-of-cryptogenic-hemoptysis-in-a-child-a-case-report
#1
Li Qiu, Yiheng Zan, Lin Zhong, Hanmin Liu, Qingfen Tao, Lina Chen
RATIONALE: Hemoptysis is rare but potentially life-threatening condition in children. The most common cause of pediatric hemoptysis is lower respiratory tract infections. Sometimes foreign body aspiration may result in hemoptysis too. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 4-year old girl suffered from recurrent cryptogenic hemoptysis for almost 2 years. DIAGNOSES: The wheatear was finally found to be the underlying cause. INTERVENTIONS: The girl received multiple bronchoscopy...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752554/secondary-hypogammaglobulinemia-after-rituximab-for-neuromyelitis-optica-a-case-report
#2
Lara Farhat, Jasmeen Dara, Susan Duberstein, Aliva De
A 17-year-old male with history of neuromyelitis optica and seizures presented to the pulmonology clinic for evaluation of recurrent pneumonias. He had received rituximab for the past 6 years. Over the past 2 years, he experienced four episodes of pneumonia. In between these episodes, he would improve briefly but continued to have daily cough that was productive with yellow phlegm. He also had recurrent rhinitis and sinusitis despite multiple antibiotic courses. Review of chest X-rays revealed localized right middle lobe and right lower lobe infiltrates...
May 11, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745252/changes-in-the-pattern-of-fibrosis-in-the-rat-lung-with-repetitive-orotracheal-instillations-of-gastric-contents-evidence-of-persistent-collagen-accumulation
#3
Pedro Ayala, Jorge Torres, Raul Vivar, Pablo R Olmos, Manuel Meneses, Gisella R Borzone
Recurrent aspiration of gastric contents has been associated with several interstitial lung diseases. Despite this association, the pathogenic role of aspiration in these diseases has been poorly studied and little is known about extracellular matrix (ECM) changes in animal models of repetitive events of aspiration. Our aim was to study the repair phase of lung injury induced by each of several instillations of gastric fluid in Sprague-Dawley rats to evaluate changes in ECM and their reversibility. Anesthetized animals received weekly orotracheal instillations of gastric fluid for 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks and were sacrificed at day 7 after last instillation...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728167/protocol-incorporating-airway-ct-decreases-negative-bronchoscopy-rates-for-suspected-foreign-bodies-in-pediatric-patients
#4
Omar G Ahmed, Robert P Guillerman, Carla M Giannoni
BACKGROUND: Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is the 4th leading cause of death in children between the ages 1-5. Although direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy (DL&B) is the reference standard for diagnosis of pediatric airway foreign bodies, there is a high negative bronchoscopy rate, exposing patients to unnecessary operative and anesthetic risks and costs. METHODS: A clinical care protocol entailing the selective use of low-dose non-contrast airway computed tomography (CT) for children with an intermediate risk for FBA on the basis of clinical exam and chest radiography was implemented to decrease the negative DL&B rate...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727208/indications-and-complications-of-rigid-bronchoscopy
#5
Hitesh Batra, Lonny Yarmus
Rigid bronchoscopy is an invaluable tool for the management of airway disorders and an essential skill for an interventional pulmonologist. Since its introduction in the late 19th century, it has remained an important technique for the management of central airway obstruction, foreign body aspiration and massive hemoptysis. Areas covered: This article will review the history, indications, contraindication, technique and complications of rigid bronchoscopy. We will also briefly discuss the methods of anesthesia and ventilation and finally our perspective on the future of rigid bronchoscopy...
May 4, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675058/foreign-body-removal-by-flexible-bronchoscopy-using-retrieval-basket-in-children
#6
Kyunghoon Kim, Hye Jin Lee, Eun Ae Yang, Hwan Soo Kim, Yoon Hong Chun, Jong-Seo Yoon, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim
OBJECTIVES: Aspiration of foreign bodies into the tracheobronchial tree is a common accident in children. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and outcome of foreign body removal by flexible bronchoscopy using a retrieval basket in children. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of children treated for foreign bodies in the airway via flexible bronchoscopy using a retrieval basket at a tertiary hospital in Korea between February 2014 and October 2017. The medical records of the patients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663945/silicon-foreign-body-in-the-cerebrum-of-a-rhesus-macaque-macaca-mulatta
#7
Cynthia J Doane, Prisca E Zimmerman, Philip T Putnam, Katalin M Gothard, David G Besselsen
A male rhesus macaque with a cephalic chamber implant for neurophysiology recording presented with hemiparesis affecting the left thoracic and pelvic limbs at approximately 5 wk after craniotomy surgery. MRI indicated a 1×2-cm ovoid cerebrocortical cystic lesion immediately subjacent to the right hemisphere craniotomy and recording chamber. Transdural aspiration of sterile transudate and resultant decompression resolved the hemiparesis, and follow-up MRI at 1 mo indicated resolution of the lesion. Subsequently, necropsy at study end revealed a cerebrocortical foreign body composed of silicon...
April 2, 2018: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643543/-airway-foreign-body-caused-by-aspiration-of-artificial-nasal-sponge-a-case-report
#8
T X Fu, X Wang, M L Liu
57-year-old male was admitted to hospital for severe headache and seizure attacks on November 6th, 2016. After radiology and spinal fluid examination, he was diagnosed with viral encephalitis and treated with antiviral medicine, antibiotics and mannitol, but he was in sustained unconsciousness and weak in expectorating. The patient was given oxygen through artificial nasal after bedside tracheotomy. At 1:00 am on January 12th, 2016, there was a sudden drop in blood pressure, heart rate and oxygen saturation with left lung breath sounds slightly lower than the other side...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643137/-sphingomonas-paucimobilis-empyema-caused-by-remote-foreign-body-aspiration
#9
Jin Yuan, Thomas Treadwell
Empyema secondary to foreign body aspiration is rare in adults. We present a case of empyema in a 77-year-old male patient related to a remote aspiration event during a dental procedure. A CT of the chest and bronchoscopy confirmed that a metallic foreign body was located within the right lower lobe bronchus. His pleural fluid culture revealed Sphingomonas paucimobilis which is a low-virulent opportunistic gram-negative bacilli and rarely causes infection. The patient received meropenem followed by levofloxacin and recovered uneventfully...
April 11, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587474/evaluation-of-the-possible-neurotoxic-effect-of-the-bone-cement-on-the-facial-nerve-an-experimental-study
#10
Numan Kökten, Oğuz Kadir Eğilmez, M Tayyar Kalcıoğlu, Mustafa Baran, A Işın Doğan Ekici
Objectives: To investigate neurotoxic effect of bone cement (BC) on facial nerve by using electrophysiological and histopathological methods. Methods: This study included 20 male albino Wistar rats, divided into four equal groups. Group A was designed as the control group, while group B was sham group. In the group C, BC solution was dropped onto the facial nerve trunks of rats and washed with physiological saline after 5 seconds. In the group D, BC solution was dropped onto the facial nerve trunks of rats and after allowing 5 minutes to dry, wounds were closed...
March 29, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574436/superficial-temporal-artery-pseudoaneurysm-following-facial-trauma
#11
James Johnston, Carl Mark Sullivan
A 68-year-old man presented with rapid swelling of the right forehead 11 days after sustaining a laceration secondary to a fall. Presumed to be an abscess due to retained foreign body, needle aspiration was performed and arterial blood obtained. Doppler ultrasound revealed a 3 cm mixed echogenicity lesion with 'see-sawing' internal Doppler flow arising from the superficial temporal artery (STA), in keeping with a pseudoaneurysm. Treatment options including interventional radiology and open surgery were considered...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574381/tracheobronchial-foreign-body-aspiration-in-laryngectomized-patient-with-tracheoesophageal-voice-prosthesis
#12
Michael A Chorney, Randy M Dubin, Marc S Levine
A patient with a total laryngectomy and tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis presented with tracheobronchial aspiration of a Phillips-head screw that was swallowed inadvertently and aspirated around a loose-fitting prosthesis. A modified esophagram showed a screw in the right lung and free leakage of barium from the cervical esophagus around the prosthesis into the tracheobronchial tree. Chest radiographs and CT confirmed a screw in a right lower lobe bronchus with postobstructive pneumonia. When this complication occurs, it is important to extract the foreign body and, if necessary, to adjust or remove the prosthesis to prevent future aspiration pneumonias or foreign body aspiration...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572374/case-of-a-fractured-human-bone-fragment-as-an-endobronchial-foreign-body-following-a-traffic-incident
#13
Kouko Hidaka, Tetsushi Takeda, Masamichi Nakayama, Hirohisa Yano
Endobronchial foreign bodies (EFBs) are present in various settings, such as eating or dental procedure. Accidental aspiration of foreign bodies is more common in children; however, cases of adult foreign body aspiration exist. Traumatic incidents can precipitate endobronchial aspiration of foreign bodies. Loss of consciousness, such as in coma, can result in foreign bodies being easily inhaled into the airways. Teeth or vehicle parts have been reported as EFBs following traumatic incidents. We report on a patient with chronic, sustained cough following maxillofacial trauma...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557100/vomiting-and-aspiration-of-gastric-contents-a-possible-life-threatening-combination-in-underwater-diving
#14
František Novomeský, Martin Janík, Michal Hájek, Jozef Krajčovič, Lubomír Straka
Vomiting and aspiration of gastric contents into the airways and lungs is a common and well-known clinicopathological entity. This phenomenon might also occur in underwater diving, where it can lead to life-threatening or fatal situations. This article presents two incidents involving diving-related vomiting with associated aspiration of gastric contents. One case, a 39-year-old commercial diver using a full-face diving mask, was fatal and the other was a 33-year-old, female recreational scuba diver in whom underwater vomiting was complicated by pulmonary aspiration of a solid foreign body (a peanut) into the right lower lobe bronchus...
March 31, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536940/simulation-and-the-diagnostic-process-a-pilot-study-of-trauma-and-rapid-response-teams
#15
Lindsay L Juriga, David J Murray, John R Boulet, James J Fehr
BACKGROUND: Simulation is frequently used to recreate many of the crises encountered in patient care settings. Teams learn to manage these crises in an environment that maximizes their learning experiences and eliminates the potential for patient harm. By designing simulation scenarios that include conditions associated with diagnostic errors, teams can experience how their decisions can lead to errors. The purpose of this study was to assess how trauma teams (TrT) and pediatric rapid response teams (RRT) managed scenarios that included a diagnostic error...
November 27, 2017: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528819/idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-manifestations-at-multimodality-imaging-and-pitfalls
#16
Cedric W Pluguez-Turull, Jennifer E Nanyes, Cristina J Quintero, Hamza Alizai, Daniel D Mais, Kenneth A Kist, Nella C Dornbluth
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign inflammatory breast entity characterized by lobulocentric granulomas. IGM has a persistent or recurrent disease course and affects parous premenopausal women with a history of lactation. It has also been associated with hyperprolactinemia. The most common clinical sign is a palpable tender mass. However, the nonspecific manifestations and varied demographic features of this condition, as well as the other similar-appearing and superimposed breast entities, pose substantial diagnostic challenges...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525473/utility-of-lung-radiodensity-ratios-in-diagnosis-of-radiolucent-foreign-body-aspiration-in-children-a-practical-approach
#17
Emine Caliskan, Shamil Aliyev, Hatice Arioz Habibi, Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ravza Yilmaz, Ibrahim Adaletli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of radiodensity ratio between lungs on chest X-ray for the diagnosis of radiolucent foreign body aspiration (FBA) in children. METHODS: X-rays of 33 patients with confirmed diagnosis of FBA by bronchoscopy were compared to 66 control patients. We divided the study group into three subgroups: symmetric (13-patients), right-oblique (RO;12-patients) and left-oblique (LO;8-patients). RESULTS: When we compared FBA-symmetric-subgroup to symmetric-control-group, FBA-RO-subgroup to RO-control-group and FBA-LO-subgroup to LO-control-group, radiodensity ratios were significantly higher in the FBA subgroups...
March 4, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525391/an-evidence-based-practical-approach-to-pediatric-otolaryngology-in-the-developing-world
#18
REVIEW
Ryan H Belcher, David W Molter, Steven L Goudy
Despite humanitarian otolaryngology groups traveling in record numbers to resource-limited areas treating pediatric otolaryngology disease processes and training local providers, there remains a large burden of unmet needs. There is a meager amount of published information that comes from the developing world from an otolaryngology standpoint. As would be expected, the little information that does comes involves some of the most common pediatric otolaryngology diseases and surgical burdens including childhood hearing loss, otitis media, adenotonsillectomies, airway obstructions requiring tracheostomies, foreign body aspirations, and craniomaxillofacial surgeries, including cleft lip and palate...
June 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512419/effect-of-heliox-on-respiratory-outcomes-during-rigid-bronchoscopy-in-term-lambs
#19
Justin C Sowder, Mar Janna Dahl, Kaitlin R Zuspan, Kurt H Albertine, Donald M Null, Mitchell D Barneck, J Fredrik Grimmer
Objective To (1) compare physiologic changes during rigid bronchoscopy during spontaneous and mechanical ventilation and (2) evaluate the efficacy of a helium-oxygen (heliox) gas mixture as compared with room air during rigid bronchoscopy. Study Design Crossover animal study evaluating physiologic parameters during rigid bronchoscopy. Outcomes were compared with predicted computational fluid analysis. Setting Simulated ventilation via computational fluid dynamics analysis and term lambs undergoing rigid bronchoscopy...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502390/a-unique-case-of-foreign-body-aspiration-and-recurrent-pneumothorax
#20
Mario Lima, Sara Ugolini, Niel Di Salvo, Michele Libri, Tommaso Gargano, Giovanni Ruggeri
Paediatric foreign body aspiration can be related to a high morbidity/mortality rate, especially in young children, and pneumothorax can be a severe associated issue. We describe a case of a 13-year-old girl with recurrent pneumothorax in bilateral bullous lung, twice previously treated at our institution by robotassisted bullectomy, and once again showing same signs and symptoms. At conventional thoracoscopy an inorganic foreign body was found to be located pointing upwards the apex. We believe this may have acted as a contributory cause in the persistence of the clinical picture, despite the surgical removal of the underlying pathology...
December 15, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
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