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Diet for weight management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770221/risperidone-induced-type-2-diabetes-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#1
Clarissa Ern Hui Fang, Mohammed Faraz Rafey, Aine Cunningham, Sean F Dinneen, Francis M Finucane
A 28-year-old male presented with 2 days of vomiting and abdominal pain, preceded by 2 weeks of thirst, polyuria and polydipsia. He had recently started risperidone for obsessive-compulsive disorder. He reported a high dietary sugar intake and had a strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). On admission, he was tachycardic, tachypnoeic and drowsy with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 10/15. We noted axillary acanthosis nigricans and obesity (BMI 33.2 kg/m2 ). Dipstick urinalysis showed ketonuria and glycosuria...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769174/a-self-directed-mobile-intervention-waznapp-to-promote-weight-control-among-employees-at-a-lebanese-university-protocol-for-a-feasibility-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Marco Bardus, Ghassan Hamadeh, Bouchra Hayek, Rawan Al Kherfan
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have become major health problems globally with more than 1.9 billion overweight adults. In Lebanon, the prevalence of obesity and overweight is 65.4% combined. Risk factors of obesity and overweight are preventable and can be addressed by modifications in the environment and in an individual's lifestyle. Mobile technologies are increasingly used in behavioral, self-directed weight management interventions, providing users with additional opportunities to attain weight control (weight loss, weight gain prevention, etc)...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759106/stage-specific-feed-intake-restriction-differentially-regulates-placental-traits-and-proteome-of-goats
#3
Qiongxian Yan, Juanzhi Xu, Xiaosong Wu, Dingding Su, Zhiliang Tan
A total of twenty-four healthy twin-bearing Liuyang black goats were allocated to two trials. In Trial 1, twelve goats received either the control diet (CG, n 6, 100 % feed) or restricted diet (RG, n 6, 60 % feed of CG) from gestation days 26 to 65 after synchronisation. In Trial 2, the remaining goats were randomly and equally divided into two treatments: CG and RG from days 95 to 125 of gestation. Placental traits, fetal weight, serum parameters, nitric oxide (NO), angiogenesis gene expression and cotyledon proteome were measured at the end of each trial...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755046/the-church-bridge-project-an-academic-community-perspective-of-a-church-based-weight-management-pilot-intervention-among-young-adult-african-americans
#4
Jennifer L Lemacks, Robert E James, Laurie Abbott, Hwanseok Choi, Ashley Parker, Ashley Bryant, Penny A Ralston, Annither Gilner Rigsby, Patricia Gilner
BACKGROUND: Churches are effective community partners and settings to address weight management among African Americans. There is limited information on the use of churches to reach young adult populations and church collaborations with primary care clinics. OBJECTIVES: The Church Bridge Project represents a community-academic partnership that presents the recruitment process of a church-based weight management intervention and describes baseline data of participants recruited from churches and primary care providers...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754122/schizophrenia-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
V Mamakou, A Thanopoulou, F Gonidakis, N Tentolouris, V Kontaxakis
Schizophrenia is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in elevated cardiovascular risk and limited life expectancy, translated into a weighted average of 14.5 years of potential life lost and an overall weighted average life expectancy of 64.7 years. The exact prevalence of type 2 diabetes among people with schizophrenia varies across studies and ranges 2-5fold higher than in the general population, whereas the aetiology is complex and multifactorial. Besides common diabetogenic factors, applied similarly in the general population, such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, smoking, hypertension, poor diet and limited physical activity, the co-occurrence of schizophrenia and diabetes is also attributed to unique conditions...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735574/management-of-type-1-diabetes-with-a-very-low-carbohydrate-diet
#6
Belinda S Lennerz, Anna Barton, Richard K Bernstein, R David Dikeman, Carrie Diulus, Sarah Hallberg, Erinn T Rhodes, Cara B Ebbeling, Eric C Westman, William S Yancy, David S Ludwig
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate glycemic control among children and adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) who consume a very low-carbohydrate diet (VLCD). METHODS: We conducted an online survey of an international social media group for people with T1DM who follow a VLCD. Respondents included adults and parents of children with T1DM. We assessed current hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (primary measure), change in HbA1c after the self-reported beginning of the VLCD, total daily insulin dose, and adverse events...
May 7, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729586/does-mental-health-influence-weight-loss-in-adults-with-prediabetes-findings-from-the-va-diabetes-prevention-program
#7
Carol A Janney, Jared M Greenberg, Tannaz Moin, Hyungjin Myra Kim, Robert G Holleman, Maria Hughes, Laura J Damschroder, Caroline R Richardson, Alexander S Young, Nanette Steinle
OBJECTIVES: Mental illness may impact outcomes from structured behavioral weight loss interventions. This secondary analysis investigated the influence of mental health on weight loss among Veterans with prediabetes enrolled in either an in-person diabetes prevention program (DPP) or the usual care weight management program (MOVE!) designed to help patients achieve weight loss through changes in physical activity and diet. METHODS: Prediabetes was defined by Hemoglobin A1c between 5...
April 4, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724682/metabolic-surgery-for-inadequately-controlled-type-2-diabetes-in-nonseverely-obese-japanese-a-prospective-single-center-study
#8
Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Kazuki Yasuda, Eri Kikkawa, Naoki Watanabe, Yoshimochi Kurokawa
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of metabolic surgery on weight loss, glycemic control, and cardiovascular improvement for the morbidly obese patient has been vast and undeniable. It is also expected to be effective in diabetic patients with less severe obesity, but the evidence is yet to yield significant impact. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate the impact of metabolic surgery on inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes in Japanese patients with mild obesity...
March 21, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717896/the-importance-of-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-cancer-prevention-an-interview-with-dr-kate-allen
#9
Kate Allen
Kate Allen speaks to Roshaine Wijayatunga, Managing Commissioning Editor. Dr Kate Allen works as an Executive Director in Science and Public Affairs at World Cancer Research Fund International ( http://wcrf.org ), an NGO and leading authority in the field of cancer prevention through diet, weight and physical activity. Kate is responsible for the organization's scientific, policy and conference programs in the areas of food, nutrition, physical activity and weight management. An important aspect of her role is helping to create collaborative relationships and activities across the WCRF national charities (in Europe, America and Asia) in these areas, as well as maintaining and creating external partnerships...
May 2, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717885/time-restricted-feeding-of-a-high-fat-diet-in-c57bl-6-male-mice-reduces-adiposity-but-does-not-protect-against-increased-systemic-inflammation
#10
Laura B Delahaye, Richard J Bloomer, Matthew B Butawan, Jacqueline M Wyman, Jessica L Hill, Harold W Lee, Andrew C Liu, Liam McAllan, Joan C Han, Marie van der Merwe
Time-restricted feeding (TRF) limits duration of food availability without altering diet composition and can combat obesity in humans and mice. For this study we evaluated the effect of timing of food access during a TRF protocol on weight gain, adiposity and inflammation. Young C57BL/6 male mice were placed on a 45% high fat (HF) diet for 8 weeks. Food access was unrestricted (HF) or restricted to 6 hours per day, either for the first half (HF-early) or the second half (HF-late) of the active phase to resemble a window of time for food consumption early <u><i></u>vs<u></i></u> late in the day in a human population...
May 2, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717393/hypertension-in-developing-countries-a-major-challenge-for-the-future
#11
REVIEW
M Mohsen Ibrahim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Outline recent epidemiologic data regarding hypertension in developing countries, distinguish differences from developed countries, and identify challenges in management and future perspectives. RECENT FINDINGS: Increased sugar intake, air and noise pollution, and low birth weight are emerging hypertension risk factors. The major challenges in management are difficulties in accurate diagnosis of hypertension and adequate blood pressure control...
May 1, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702040/impact-of-diets-rich-in-whole-grains-and-fruits-and-vegetables-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-randomized-clinical-feeding-trial
#12
Somaye Fatahi, Elnaz Daneshzad, Hamed Kord-Varkaneh, Nick Bellissimo, Neil R Brett, Leila Azadbakht
OBJECTIVE: Previous interventions have reported desirable effects of diets rich in whole grains or rich in fruits and vegetables on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and weight management. However, data are lacking regarding the effect of these fiber sources separately. The aim of this randomized clinical feeding trial was to investigate the effects of fiber-rich diets with different sources of fiber (fruits, vegetables, and whole grains) on weight loss and CVD risk factors in overweight and obese women...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699026/-current-status-on-prevalence-treatment-and-management-of-hypertension-among-chinese-adults-in-the-national-demonstration-areas-for-comprehensive-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases
#13
R R Jin, J Zhang, J L Li, J J Li, S Ma, F Bian, G J Deng, X W Su, Z Z Shen, Y P Wang, Y Jiang
Objective: To investigate the current status of prevalence, treatment, and management on hypertension among Chinese adults from the National Demonstration Areas for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases. Methods: We selected a total of 4 000 residents aged ≥18 years for this questionnaire-based survey by multi-stage clustering sampling in 10 National Demonstration Areas between November and December, 2016. Results: There were 3 891 effective questionnaires. The self-reported prevalence of hypertension among aged ≥35 years was 31...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690917/health-consequences-for-mother-and-baby-of-substantial-pre-conception-weight-loss-in-obese-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Sarah Price, Alison Nankervis, Michael Permezel, Luke Prendergast, Priya Sumithran, Joseph Proietto
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy suggest lifestyle modification before conception. However, there is little evidence that lifestyle modification alters pregnancy outcomes. Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss. This appears to reduce the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes for the mother but may increase the risk of adverse outcomes for the infant. In order to reduce the risks of obesity-related adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mother and offspring, alternative approaches to the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy are needed...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686861/pre-pregnancy-bmi-gestational-weight-gain-and-body-image-are-associated-with-dietary-under-reporting-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#15
Mie Shiraishi, Megumi Haruna, Masayo Matsuzaki, Ryoko Murayama, Satoshi Sasaki
Dietary under-reporting is a common problem when using self-reported dietary assessment tools. However, there are few studies regarding under-reporting during pregnancy. This study aimed to explore the demographic and psychosocial characteristics related to dietary under-reporting in pregnant Japanese women. A cross-sectional study was conducted between 2010 and 2011 at a university hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Nutrient intake was assessed using a self-administered Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ), which had questions about the consumption frequency and portion size of selected food items...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686449/does-time-in-range-matter-perspectives-from-people-with-diabetes-on-the-success-of-current-therapies-and-the-drivers-of-improved-outcomes
#16
Ava S Runge, Lynn Kennedy, Adam S Brown, Abigail E Dove, Brian J Levine, Sophie P Koontz, Varun S Iyengar, Sarah A Odeh, Kelly L Close, Irl B Hirsch, Richard Wood
IN BRIEF After assessing patient perspectives on the success of current diabetes therapies and the factors that have the greatest impact on daily life, we show that time-in-range is a crucial outcome for people with diabetes and that current therapies are falling short on this metric. We also show that patients feel significant stress and worry, and they believe they are falling short in diet, exercise, and weight maintenance. In addition, they believe diet and exercise and in-range blood glucose are the biggest drivers of improved diabetes management and mindset...
April 2018: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685868/development-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-mobile-app-for-overweight-pregnant-women-qualitative-study
#17
Ying Lau, Ling Jie Cheng, Claudia Chi, Cammy Tsai, Kai Wen Ong, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Wei Wang, Kian-Lee Tan
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are becoming an increasingly ubiquitous platform for delivery of health behavior interventions among overweight and obese perinatal women. However, only a few methodological guidelines on integrating theory, evidence, and qualitative research for their designs are available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a theory-based, evidence-driven, and user-centered healthy lifestyle app targeting overweight and obese multiethnic pregnant women...
April 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684218/what-is-the-evidence-for-a-role-for-diet-and-nutrition-in-osteoarthritis
#18
Sally Thomas, Heather Browne, Ali Mobasheri, Margaret P Rayman
As current treatment options in OA are very limited, OA patients would benefit greatly from some ability to self-manage their condition. Since diet may potentially affect OA, we reviewed the literature on the relationship between nutrition and OA risk or progression, aiming to provide guidance for clinicians. For overweight/obese patients, weight reduction, ideally incorporating exercise, is paramount. The association between metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes and OA risk or progression may partly explain the apparent benefit of dietary-lipid modification resulting from increased consumption of long-chain omega-3 fatty-acids from oily fish/fish oil supplements...
May 1, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683979/lifestyle-interventions-for-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-network-meta-analysis
#19
Tian-Tian Zou, Chao Zhang, Yi-Fan Zhou, Yi-Jing Han, Jiao-Jiao Xiong, Xi-Xi Wu, Yong-Ping Chen, Ming-Hua Zheng
Lifestyle interventions remain the first-line therapy for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aims to evaluate the individual impact of exercise and/or dietary interventions on the level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), and BMI. Randomized-controlled trials from patients diagnosed with NAFLD were included in the meta-analysis if they reported the associations between changes in ALT, AST, HOMA-IR, or BMI and types of lifestyle interventions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680707/mice-selectively-bred-for-high-voluntary-wheel-running-behavior-conserve-more-fat-despite-increased-exercise
#20
Layla Hiramatsu, Theodore Garland
Physical activity is an important component of energy expenditure, and acute changes in activity can lead to energy imbalances that affect body composition, even under ad libitum food availability. One example of acute increases in physical activity is four replicate, selectively-bred High Runner (HR) lines of mice that voluntarily run ~3-fold more wheel revolutions per day over 6-day trials and are leaner, as compared with four non-selected control (C) lines. We expected that voluntary exercise would increase food consumption, build lean mass, and reduce fat mass, but that these effects would likely differ between HR and C lines or between the sexes...
April 19, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
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