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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818709/blood-global-dna-methylation-is-decreased-in-non-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-patients
#1
Angelo Zinellu, Elisabetta Sotgiu, Alessandro G Fois, Elisabetta Zinellu, Salvatore Sotgia, Sara Ena, Arduino A Mangoni, Ciriaco Carru, Pietro Pirina
BACKGROUND: Alterations in global DNA methylation have been associated with oxidative stress (OS). Since chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by increased oxidative stress we aimed to evaluate the levels of global DNA methylation in this patient group. METHODS: We assessed methylcytosine (mCyt) levels in DNA from blood collected in 43 COPD patients (29 with mild and 14 with moderate disease) and 43 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: DNA methylation was significantly lower in COPD patients vs...
August 14, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814838/post-acute-care-for-stroke-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#2
Chung-Liang Lai, Ming-Miau Tsai, Jia-Yuan Luo, Wan-Chun Liao, Pi-Shan Hsu, Han-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Stroke often causes functional decline in patients. Therefore, after the acute phase, many patients require post-acute care (PAC) to maximize their functional progress, reduce disability, and make it possible for them to return to their home and community. PAC can be provided in different settings. Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) proposed a PAC pilot program, effective since 2014, for stroke patients that allowed patients with the potential for functional improvement to receive PAC rehabilitation in regional or community hospitals...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805576/nonmotor-symptoms-in-essential-tremor-and-other-tremor-disorders
#3
Alessandro F Fois, Hugo M Briceño, Victor S C Fung
Tremor, like dystonia, is a term used at the phenomenological, syndromic, and aetiopathological level. Parkinsonian, essential, and dystonic tremor are the three most common tremor diagnoses encountered in clinical practice. Investigation of nonmotor symptoms in essential tremor and dystonic tremor syndromes is significantly hampered by the lack of clear clinical diagnostic criteria for these groups at a syndromic level, and the absence of biomarkers which allow definitive diagnosis at an aetiopathological level...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793128/elaboration-and-validation-of-the-medication-prescription-safety-checklist
#4
Aline de Oliveira Meireles Pires, Maria Beatriz Guimarães Ferreira, Kleiton Gonçalves do Nascimento, Márcia Marques Dos Santos Felix, Patrícia da Silva Pires, Maria Helena Barbosa
Objective: to elaborate and validate a checklist to identify compliance with the recommendations for the structure of medication prescriptions, based on the Protocol of the Ministry of Health and the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency. Method: methodological research, conducted through the validation and reliability analysis process, using a sample of 27 electronic prescriptions. Results: the analyses confirmed the content validity and reliability of the tool...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793127/development-and-validation-of-the-hospitality-axiological-scale-for-humanization-of-nursing-care
#5
José María Galán González-Serna, Soledad Ferreras-Mencia, Juan Manuel Arribas-Marín
Objective: to develop and validate a scale to evaluate nursing attitudes in relation to hospitality for the humanization of nursing care. Participants: the sample consisted of 499 nursing professionals and undergraduate students of the final two years of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing program. Method: the instrument has been developed and validated to evaluate the ethical values related to hospitality using a methodological approach. Subsequently, a model was developed to measure the dimensions forming the construct hospitality...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793126/scale-of-attitudes-toward-alcohol-spanish-version-evidences-of-validity-and-reliability
#6
Erika Gisseth León Ramírez, Divane de Vargas
Objective: validate the Scale of attitudes toward alcohol, alcoholism and individuals with alcohol use disorders in its Spanish version. Method: methodological study, involving 300 Colombian nurses. Adopting the classical theory, confirmatory factor analysis was applied without prior examination, based on the strong historical evidence of the factorial structure of the original scale to determine the construct validity of this Spanish version. To assess the reliability, Cronbach's Alpha and Mc Donalid's Omega coefficients were used...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793117/hospitalization-of-people-50-years-old-or-older-living-with-hiv-aids
#7
Daiana Patrícia Marchetti Pio, Lilian Andreia Fleck Reinato, Letícia Pimenta Lopes, Juliano de Souza Caliari, Elucir Gir
Objective: Identify the rate and predictive factors of the hospitalization of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), aged 50 years or older. Method: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted at two inpatient units specialized in infectious diseases in a teaching hospital. Data were gathered through individual interviews between August 2011 and February 2015. All ethical precepts were followed. Results: Of the 532 admitted patients, 95 were PLHA 50 years old or older; 30...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793116/urinary-tract-infection-a-cohort-of-older-people-with-urinary-incontinence
#8
Laís Samara de Melo, Flávia Falci Ercole, Danilo Ulisses de Oliveira, Tatiana Saraiva Pinto, Mariana Avendanha Victoriano, Carla Lúcia Goulart Constant Alcoforado
Objective: To evaluate epidemiological aspects of urinary tract infection in older patients with urinary incontinence living in long-term care institutions in Belo Horizonte. Method: Concurrent cohort held from April 1st to October 1st, 2015. The study was conducted in two long-term care institutions in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, with 84 incontinent older people. Results: Cumulative incidence of urinary tract infection was 19% (95% CI: 7.83-23.19) and the incidence density was 3...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793111/nursing-diagnosis-in-older-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis
#9
Mayara Cristina Debone, Elisângela da Silva Nunes Pedruncci, Maristela do Carmo Peterossi Candido, Sueli Marques, Luciana Kusumota
Objective: To identify the main nursing diagnoses (NSs) in older adult patients under hemodialysis treatment. Method: Exploratory research using case studies in data collection performed by interview and physical examination of older adults, in the first semester of 2016. Were included twenty-eight older adults undergoing chronic hemodialysis treatment who met the selection criteria. The analysis followed two steps (RISNER, 1990): Phase I - Data analysis and synthesis; and Phase II - Establishment of nursing diagnoses using the taxonomy of NANDA-I (2015)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793108/validation-of-educational-booklet-for-hiv-aids-prevention-in-older-adults
#10
Luana Ibiapina Cordeiro, Thais de Oliveira Lopes, Luciane Elise de Abreu Lira, Sarah Maria de Sousa Feitoza, Maria Eliana Peixoto Bessa, Maria Lúcia Duarte Pereira, Aline Rodrigues Feitoza, Adriano Rodrigues de Souza
Objective: To describe the process of manufacturing and validation of an educational booklet for HIV/Aids prevention in older adults. Methods: Methodological study developed in two phases - manufacturing of the booklet and validation of the educational material by judges. The manufacturing process involved a situational diagnosis with older adults, and its result indicated gaps in the knowledge with respect to HIV/Aids. The validation process was performed by nine judges, selected by convenience...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793107/association-between-filial-responsibility-when-caring-for-parents-and-the-caregivers-overload
#11
Marinês Aires, Duane Mocellin, Fernanda Laís Fengler, Idiane Rosset, Naiana Oliveira Dos Santos, Diani de Oliveira Machado, Carolina Baltar Day, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi Paskulin
Objective: To analyze the association between filial responsibility and the overload of the children when caring for their older parents. Method: Cross-sectional study with 100 caregiver children of older adults. Filial liability was assessed by the attitudes of the responsible child (scale of expectation and filial duty) and by care behaviors (assistance in activities of daily living, emotional and financial support, and keeping company). The overload was assessed by the Caregiver Burden Inventory...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793104/frailty-in-the-elderly-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#12
Jair Almeida Carneiro, Rafael Rodrigues Cardoso, Meiriellen Silva Durães, Maria Clara Araújo Guedes, Frederico Leão Santos, Fernanda Marques da Costa, Antônio Prates Caldeira
Objective: to know the prevalence and factors associated with frailty in elderly assisted by the Centro Mais Vida de Referência em Assistência à Saúde do Idoso (Mais Vida Health Reference Center for the Elderly) in the North of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Method: cross-sectional study, with sampling by convenience. Data collection occurred in 2015. Demographic and socioeconomic variables, morbidities, use of health services and the score of the Edmonton Frail Scale were analyzed...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793103/falls-in-long-term-care-institutions-for-elderly-people-protocol-validation
#13
Cristina Rosa Soares Lavareda Baixinho, Maria Dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues Dixe, Maria Adriana Pereira Henriques
Objectives: To validate the content of a fall management risk protocol in long-term institutions for elderly people. Methods: Methodological, quanti-qualitative study using the Delphi technique. The tool, based on the literature, was sent electronically to obtain consensus among the 14 experts that meet the defined inclusion criteria. Results: The 27 indicators of the protocol are organized in three dimensions: prepare for the institutionalization (IRA=...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793099/factors-associated-with-the-functional-capacity-of-older-adults-with-leprosy
#14
Paula Sacha Frota Nogueira, Marilia Braga Marques, Janaina Fonseca Victor Coutinho, Juliana Cunha Maia, Maria Josefina da Silva, Escolástica Rejane Ferreira Moura
Objective: to investigate the association between socio-demographic and clinical factors and the functional capacity of older adults with leprosy. Method: cross-sectional analytical study conducted in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, with 77 older adult patients with leprosy in a referral service, through interview, medical records and application of the Katz Index and the Lawton and Brody Scale. Results: the mean age was 68.23 years, with prevalence of men, in stable union/married, with mean monthly family income of 2...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793098/effects-of-supportive-telephone-counseling-in-the-metabolic-control-of-elderly-people-with-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Tânia Alves Canata Becker, Carla Regina de Souza Teixeira, Maria Lúcia Zanetti, Ana Emília Pace, Fábio Araújo Almeida, Maria Teresa da Costa Gonçalves Torquato
Objective: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of telephone-based support for the metabolic control of elderly patients with diabetes mellitus. Method: a pragmatic study was conducted in two groups, called G1 (n=36) and G2 (n=27), at a health unit from the countryside of São Paulo state. Patients in G1 group received telephone support over four months, through 16 telephone contacts with educational material; for the G2 group the educational material was mailed...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793097/stress-and-optimism-of-elderlies-who-are-caregivers-for-elderlies-and-live-with-children
#16
Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Érica Nestor Souza, Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Keika Inouye, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini
Objective: to evaluate the relation between stress and optimism of elderlies who are informal caregivers for elderlies and live with children. Method: cross-sectional study on 50 elderlies who provide care to elderlies, live with children, and are registered in the primary health care. The interviews occurred in the participant's residence and we evaluated characteristics of the care-dependent elderly and of the children, sociodemographic characteristics, stress through the Perceived Stress Scale and optimism through the Pinto and Pais-Ribeiro Spirituality Scale, in the elderly caregiver...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793096/spiritual-well-being-and-quality-of-life-of-older-adults-in-hemodialysis
#17
Calíope Pilger, Renata Ohana Pereira Dos Santos, Maicon Henrique Lentsck, Sueli Marques, Luciana Kusumota
Objective: To analyze the relationship between spiritual well-being, sociodemographic, economic, religious, and health variables and the quality of life of older adults undergoing hemodialysis. Method: This was a cross-sectional and correlational study conducted with 169 older adults undergoing hemodialysis. The researchers conducted interviews to collect sociodemographic, economic, religious, and health data and applied the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) and the WHO quality of life assessment (WHOQOL-BREF and WHOQOL-OLD)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793095/vulnerability-of-caregivers-of-the-elderly-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#18
Bruna Silva Leite, Alessandra Conceição Leite Funchal Camacho, Fabiana Lopes Joaquim, Jonas Lírio Gurgel, Thiago Rodrigues Lima, Raquel Santos de Queiroz
Objective: to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical profile of the caregivers and its relation with the overburden from the care of the elderly with dementia. Method: a cross-sectional descriptive study; the sample was non-probabilistic, developed with caregivers of elderly people with dementia. The field of investigation was the Health Care Center of the Elderly and their Caregivers (CASIC), in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Data collection took place from February to June 2016, with the following instruments: a sociodemographic questionnaire and Zarit scale...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793046/influence-of-the-tilt-angle-of-percutaneous-aortic-prosthesis-on-velocity-and-shear-stress-fields
#19
Bruno Alvares de Azevedo Gomes, Gabriel Cordeiro Camargo, Jorge Roberto Lopes Dos Santos, Luis Fernando Alzuguir Azevedo, Ângela Ourivio Nieckele, Aristarco Gonçalves Siqueira-Filho, Glaucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira
Background: Due to the nature of the percutaneous prosthesis deployment process, a variation in its final position is expected. Prosthetic valve placement will define the spatial location of its effective orifice in relation to the aortic annulus. The blood flow pattern in the ascending aorta is related to the aortic remodeling process, and depends on the spatial location of the effective orifice. The hemodynamic effect of small variations in the angle of inclination of the effective orifice has not been studied in detail...
August 7, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793044/reproducibility-and-reliability-of-qtc-and-qtcd-measurements-and-their-relationships-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Maria Angélica Gonçalves Alonso, Valentine de Almeida Costa de Castro Lima, Maria Angela Magalhães de Queiroz Carreira, Jocemir Ronaldo Lugon
Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is very common in hemodialysis patients and an independent risk factor for mortality in this population. The myocardial remodeling underlying the LVH can affect ventricular repolarization causing abnormalities in QT interval. Objective: to evaluate the reproducibility and reliability of measurements of corrected QT interval (QTc) and its dispersion (QTcd) and correlate these parameters with LVH in hemodialysis patients...
August 7, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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