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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714539/safety-and-efficacy-of-functional-laryngectomy-for-end-stage-dysphagia
#1
Michael C Topf, Linda C Magaña, Kelly Salmon, James Hamilton, William M Keane, Adam Luginbuhl, Joseph M Curry, David M Cognetti, Maurits Boon, Joseph R Spiegel
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate functional outcomes and complication rate after total laryngectomy (TL) for dysfunctional larynx with end-stage dysphagia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Chart review was performed on all patients who underwent TL from January 2008 to July 2016 at a single tertiary academic medical center. Patients who underwent TL for dysfunctional larynx without preoperative evidence of malignancy were included...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703178/an-investigation-into-the-variability-of-primary-care-oral-surgery-contracts-and-tariffs-in-england-and-wales-2014-2015
#2
R J Hierons, G Gerrard, R Jones
Primary care oral surgery services vary markedly throughout the country but until now there has been a paucity of data on these services. The British Association of Oral Surgeons (BAOS) primary care group (the authors) were tasked to gather data around primary care oral surgery contracts and tariffs and provide evidence-based recommendations on the commissioning of these services. Following a freedom of information (FOI) request, data were obtained for 27 English local area teams and seven Welsh local health boards...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700020/a-meta-analysis-of-circulating-microvesicles-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#3
Zhida Wang, Wang Cai, Shaolan Hu, Yufei Xia, Yao Wang, Qi Zhang, Liming Chen
Background: Cell-derived microvesicles (MVs) are vesicles released from activated or apoptotic cells. However, the levels of MVs in myocardial infarction have been found inconsistent in researches. Objective: To assess the association between MVs and myocardial infarction by conducting a meta-analysis. Methods: A systematic literature search on PubMed, Embase, Cochran, Google Scholar electronic database was conducted. Comparison of the MVs levels between myocardial infarction patients and healthy persons were included in our study...
July 10, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700019/assessment-of-subclinical-doxorubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-a-rat-model-by-speckle-tracking-imaging
#4
Yu Kang, Wei Wang, Hang Zhao, Zhiqing Qiao, Xuedong Shen, Ben He
Backgrounds: Despite their clear therapeutic benefits, anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity is a major concern limiting the ability to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with cancers. The early identification of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity is of vital importance to assess the cardiac risk against the potential cancer treatment. Objective: To investigate whether speckle-tracking analysis can provide a sensitive and accurate measurement when detecting doxorubicin-induced left ventricular injury...
July 10, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700017/plasma-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-non-obese-and-clinically-healthy-young-adults
#5
Jamille Oliveira Costa, Cecília M Passos Vásquez, Gleiciane de Jesus Santana, Natanael de Jesus Silva, Juciene de Matos Braz, Amélia M Ribeiro de Jesus, Danielle Góes da Silva, Luana Celina Seraphim Cunha, Kiriaque Barra Ferreira Barbosa
Background: The oxidative biomarkers play an important role in the genesis of cardiometabolic risk-related processes. Objective: To investigate the total antioxidant capacity of plasma and its association with cardiometabolic risk in non-obese and clinically healthy young adults. Methods: University students of the state of Sergipe, Brazil, aged between 18 and 25 years, were recruited for this study from May of 2013 and October of 2014. Anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters were measured and analyzed using protocols which were previously standardized and described in the literature...
July 10, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699998/culture-bound-syndromes-in-migratory-contexts-the-case-of-bolivian-immigrants
#6
María Teresa Roldán-Chicano, José Fernández-Rufete, César Hueso-Montoro, María Del Mar García-López, Javier Rodríguez-Tello, María Dolores Flores-Bienert
Objective: to describe the culture-bound syndromes maintained by Bolivian immigrants in the new migratory context and analyze the care processes of these health problems. Method: qualitative research with an ethnographic methodological approach. Sample: 27 Bolivian immigrants. In-depth interviews and participatory observation were the strategies used for data collection. Data were classified and categorized into logical schemes manually and using the ATLAS-ti program v...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699997/accuracy-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-score-in-the-recognition-of-clinical-deterioration
#7
Juliana de Oliveira Freitas Miranda, Climene Laura de Camargo, Carlito Lopes Nascimento, Daniel Sales Portela, Alan Monaghan
Objective: to evaluate the accuracy of the version of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score translated and adapted for the Brazilian context, in the recognition of clinical deterioration. Method: a diagnostic test study to measure the accuracy of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score for the Brazilian context, in relation to a reference standard. The sample consisted of 271 children, aged 0 to 10 years, blindly evaluated by a nurse and a physician, specialists in pediatrics, with interval of 5 to 10 minutes between the evaluations, for the application of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score for the Brazilian context and of the reference standard...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699994/safe-surgery-validation-of-pre-and-postoperative-checklists
#8
Francine Taporosky Alpendre, Elaine Drehmer de Almeida Cruz, Ana Maria Dyniewicz, Maria de Fátima Mantovani, Ana Elisa Bauer de Camargo E Silva, Gabriela de Souza Dos Santos
Objective: to develop, evaluate and validate a surgical safety checklist for patients in the pre and postoperative periods in surgical hospitalization units. Method: methodological research carried out in a large public teaching hospital in the South of Brazil, with application of the principles of the Safe Surgery Saves Lives Programme of the World Health Organization. The checklist was applied to 16 nurses of 8 surgical units and submitted for validation by a group of eight experts using the Delphi method online...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699993/quality-of-life-of-patients-using-intermittent-urinary-catheterization
#9
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Fernando Manuel Dias Henriques, Leonardo Orlandin
Objectives: measure and compare the quality of life of neurogenic bladder patients using intermittent urinary catheterization who were going through rehabilitation in Brazil and Portugal. Method: multicenter, quantitative, cross-sectional, observational-analytic and correlational study executed in Brazil and Portugal. Two data collection tools were used, being one questionnaire with sociodemographic and clinical data and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-bref...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699992/changes-in-frailty-conditions-and-phenotype-components-in-elderly-after-hospitalization
#10
Gianna Fiori Marchiori, Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares
Objective: describing the changes in frailty conditions over the period of a year after hospital discharge, verifying predictive variables for changes in frailty conditions and frailty phenotype components according to worsening, improving and stable groups. Method: a longitudinal survey carried out with 129 elderly. A structured form for socioeconomic and health data, scales (Geriatric Depression Scale - short form, Katz scale, Lawton and Brody scale) and frailty phenotype according to Fried were used...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699991/factors-influencing-the-missed-nursing-care-in-patients-from-a-private-hospital
#11
Raúl Hernández-Cruz, María Guadalupe Moreno-Monsiváis, Sofía Cheverría-Rivera, Aracely Díaz-Oviedo
Objective: to determine the factors that influence the missed nursing care in hospitalized patients. Methods: descriptive correlational study developed at a private hospital in Mexico. To identify the missed nursing care and related factors, the MISSCARE survey was used, which measures the care missed and associated factors. The care missed and the factors were grouped in global and dimension rates. For the analysis, descriptive statistics, Spearman's correlation and simple linear regression were used...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699977/pacemaker-implants-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chagas-disease-in-brazil-18-year-incidence
#12
Carolina Christianini Mizzaci, Thiago Gonçalves Schroder E Souza, Gabriel Pelegrineti Targueta, Ana Paula Frederico Tótora, Juan Carlos Pachón Mateos, José Carlos Pachon Mateos
Background: Chagas disease continues to be a serious public health problem, and accounts for 25-30% of the indications for cardiac stimulation in Brazil. Objective: To assess clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with Chagas disease, younger than 18 years, who had undergone pacemaker implantation in Brazil between 1994 and 2011, and its temporal trend. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Brazilian Pacemaker Registry database...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699976/discordant-lipid-pattern-and-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-importance-of-remnant-cholesterol
#13
Walter Masson, Martín Lobo, Graciela Molinero, Daniel Siniawski
Background: Subjects with levels of non-HDL-C 30 mg/dL above those of LDL-C (lipid discordance) or with high remnant cholesterol levels could have a greater residual cardiovascular risk. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of lipid discordance in a primary prevention population and analyze the clinical variables associated with it; To investigate the association between lipid discordance and remnant cholesterol with the presence of carotid plaque. Methods: Primary prevention patients without diabetes or lipid-lowering therapy were included...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678930/ruthenium-complex-improves-the-endothelial-function-in-aortic-rings-from-hypertensive-rats
#14
Izabela Pereira Vatanabe, Carla Nascimento Dos Santos Rodrigues, Tereza Cristina Buzinari, Thiago Francisco de Moraes, Roberto Santana da Silva, Gerson Jhonatan Rodrigues
Background: The endothelium is a monolayer of cells that extends on the vascular inner surface, responsible for the modulation of vascular tone. By means of the release of nitric oxide (NO), the endothelium has an important protective function against cardiovascular diseases. Objective: Verify if cis- [Ru(bpy)2(NO2)(NO)](PF6)2 (BPY) improves endothelial function and the sensibility of conductance (aorta) and resistance (coronary) to vascular relaxation induced by BPY...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678929/cardioprotective-effect-of-crocin-combined-with-voluntary-exercise-in-rat-role-of-mir-126-and-mir-210-in-heart-angiogenesis
#15
Vajihe Ghorbanzadeh, Mustafa Mohammadi, Hassan Dariushnejad, Alireza Abhari, Leila Chodari, Gisou Mohaddes
Background: Crocin is reported to have a wide range of biological activities such as cardiovascular protection. Recent epidemiologic studies have shown that exercise reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the general population. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of crocin and voluntary exercise on miR-126 and miR-210 expression levels and angiogenesis in the heart tissue. Methods: Animals were divided into 4 groups: control, exercise, crocin, and exercise-crocin...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678928/the-diterpene-sclareol-vascular-effect-in-normotensive-and-hypertensive-rats
#16
Debora Ribeiro Campos, Andrea Carla Celotto, Agnes Afrodite S Albuquerque, Luciana Garros Ferreira, Ariadne Santana E Neves Monteiro, Eduardo Barbosa Coelho, Paulo Roberto Barbosa Evora
Background: The diterpene Sclareol has antimicrobial action, cytotoxic and cytostatic effects and anti-tumor activities. However, researches on the cardiovascular system are scarce. Objective: This study was designed to investigate the mechanisms involved in the Sclareol cardiovascular effect in normotensive and hypertensive rats. Methods: The arterial hypertension was promoted using 2-kidneys 1-clip model in rats. The effect of sclareol on blood pressure was performed by using three dose (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg)...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678927/global-longitudinal-strain-or-left-ventricular-twist-and-torsion-which-correlates-best-with-ejection-fraction
#17
Marcio Silva Miguel Lima, Hector R Villarraga, Maria Cristina Donadio Abduch, Marta Fernandes Lima, Cecilia Beatriz Bittencourt Viana Cruz, João Cesar Nunes Sbano, Mariana Callil Voos, Wilson Mathias, Jeane Mike Tsutsui
Background: Estimative of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a major indication for echocardiography. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) allows analysis of LV contraction mechanics which includes global longitudinal strain (GLS) and twist/torsion, both the most widely used. Direct comparison of correlations between these novel parameters and LVEF has never been done before. Objective: This study aims to check which one has the highest correlation with LVEF...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678926/late-results-of-cox-maze-iii-procedure-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-associated-with-structural-heart-disease
#18
Gustavo Gir Gomes, Wagner Luis Gali, Alvaro Valentim Lima Sarabanda, Claudio Ribeiro da Cunha, Iruena Moraes Kessler, Fernando Antibas Atik
Background: Cox-Maze III procedure is one of the surgical techniques used in the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Objectives: To determine late results of Cox-Maze III in terms of maintenance of sinus rhythm, and mortality and stroke rates. Methods: Between January 2006 and January 2013, 93 patients were submitted to the cut-and-sew Cox-Maze III procedure in combination with structural heart disease repair. Heart rhythm was determined by 24-hour Holter monitoring...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678924/persistent-depressive-symptoms-are-independent-predictors-of-low-grade-inflammation-onset-among-healthy-individuals
#19
Fábio Gazelato de Mello Franco, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Paulo A Lotufo, Raquel D Conceição, Fernando Morita, Marcelo Katz, Maurício Wajngarten, José Antonio Maluf Carvalho, Hayden B Bosworth, Raul Dias Santos
Background: Depressive symptoms are independently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among individuals with non-diagnosed CVD. The mechanisms underlying this association, however, remain unclear. Inflammation has been indicated as a possible mechanistic link between depression and CVD. Objectives: This study evaluated the association between persistent depressive symptoms and the onset of low-grade inflammation. Methods: From a database of 1,508 young (mean age: 41 years) individuals with no CVD diagnosis who underwent at least two routine health evaluations, 134 had persistent depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory - BDI ≥ 10, BDI+) and 1,374 had negative symptoms at both time points (BDI-)...
June 29, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678911/assessment-of-the-responsiveness-of-a-public-health-service-from-the-perspective-of-older-adults
#20
Denise da Silva Melo, René Duarte Martins, Renata Patrícia Freitas Soares de Jesus, Isabella Chagas Samico, Antônio Carlos Gomes do Espírito Santo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of health care of older adults using as a parameter the assessment of the responsiveness of the service. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in a reference unit of the Brazilian Unified Health System at the outpatient level. The sample was probabilistic and had 385 older adults; data collection occurred in 2014. The domains assessed were: choice, autonomy, confidentiality, dignity, communication, physical facilities, and fast service...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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