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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223113/comparisons-of-severity-classification-systems-for-oropharyngeal-dysfunction-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-relations-with-other-functional-profiles
#1
Yu-Ra Goh, Ja Young Choi, Seon Ah Kim, Jieun Park, Eun Sook Park
This study aimed to investigate the relationships between various classification systems assessing the severity of oropharyngeal dysphagia and communication function and other functional profiles in children with cerebral palsy (CP). This is a prospective, cross-sectional, study in a university-affiliated, tertiary-care hospital. We recruited 151 children with CP (mean age 6.11 years, SD 3.42, range 3-18yr). The Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS) and the dysphagia scales of Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), Swallow Function Scales (SFS), and Food Intake Level Scale (FILS) were used...
December 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217897/long-lasting-dysphagia-developing-after-thoracotomy-for-pulmonary-resection-a-case-series
#2
Ikuno Ito, Kohei Hamada, Hiroyuki Sato, Naoko Shindo
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the severity and the characteristics of dysphagia using videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) in long-lasting dysphagia patients developing after thoracotomy performed for pulmonary resection. Eleven patients (10 men and 1 woman, average age 67 ± 6.6 years; the average operation time in the patients was 507 min) were selected from among patients who developed dysphagia after undergoing thoracotomy for pulmonary resection between January 2009 and December 2012...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170319/22%C3%A2-emergency-department-litigation-and-coroner-s-inquests-a-ten-year-analysis
#3
Nicholas Tilbury, Andrew Tabner, Graham Johnson
INTRODUCTION: The burden of litigation within the NHS should not be underestimated. Indemnity costs rise in response to the rising frequency and costs of claims, with recent changes to the discount rate projected to increase NHS Litigation Authority (NHSLA) costs by £1 Billion per year. Litigation also has a significant psychological impact on staff. This study represents the first examination of litigation and Coroner's 'Prevention of Future Deaths' reports relating to emergency department care in the UK...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168360/does-nissen-fundoplication-improve-deglutition-in-children
#4
Tutku Soyer, Şule Yalçın, Numan Demir, Asuman Nur Karhan, İnci Nur Saltık-Temizel, Hülya Demir, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
Soyer T, Yalçın Ş, Demir N, Karhan AN, Saltık-Temizel İN, Demir H, Tanyel FC. Does Nissen fundoplication improve deglutition in children? Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 28-34. A prospective study was performed to evaluate the effect of Nissen fundoplication (NF) on deglutition in children. Children who underwent NF between 2011-2015 were evaluated for demographic features, clinical findings, diagnostic methods for gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and indications for NF. Penetration aspiration scale (PAS), functional oral intake scale (FOIS) and esophageal functions were evaluated by videoflouroscopy (VFS)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167414/biomarkers-related-to-respiratory-symptoms-and-lung-function-in-adults-with-asthma
#5
Lucia Calciano, Laura Portas, Angelo Guido Corsico, Mario Olivieri, Paolo Degan, Marcello Ferrari, Alessandro Fois, Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Andrea Pasini, Maria Elisabetta Zanolin, Roberto de Marco, Simone Accordini
There is a need for easily measurable biomarkers that are able to identify different levels of asthma severity. Aim. To assess the association between peripheral blood cell counts, fractional nitric oxide in exhaled air (FeNO), urinary biomarkers of oxidative stress (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine and 8-isoprostane), and asthma severity in adult patients from the general population. Methods. In the Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory Diseases study, 287 subjects with asthma (aged 20-64) were identified from the general population in Verona (Italy) (2008-2010)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164705/molecular-engineering-of-mn-ii-diamine-diketonate-precursors-for-the-vapor-deposition-of-manganese-oxide-nanostructures
#6
Chiara Maccato, Lorenzo Bigiani, Giorgio Carraro, Alberto Gasparotto, Roberta Seraglia, Jiyeon Kim, Anjana Devi, Gloria Tabacchi, Ettore Fois, Giuseppe Pace, Vito Di Noto, Davide Barreca
Molecular engineering of manganese(II) diamine diketonate precursors is a key issue for their use in the vapor deposition of manganese oxide materials. Herein, two closely related β-diketonate diamine Mn(II) adducts with different fluorine contents in the diketonate ligands are examined. The target compounds were synthesized by a simple procedure and, for the first time, thoroughly characterized by a joint experimental-theoretical approach, to understand the influence of the ligand on their structures, electronic properties, thermal behavior, and reactivity...
November 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158848/biodegradable-core-shell-dual-metal-organic-frameworks-nanotheranostic-agent-for-multiple-imaging-guided-combination-cancer-therapy
#7
Dongdong Wang, Jiajia Zhou, Ruohong Shi, Huihui Wu, Ruhui Chen, Beichen Duan, Guoliang Xia, Pengping Xu, Hui Wang, Shu Zhou, Chengming Wang, Haibao Wang, Zhen Guo, Qianwang Chen
Metal-organic-frameworks (MOFs) possess high porosity, large surface area, and tunable functionality are promising candidates for synchronous diagnosis and therapy in cancer treatment. Although large number of MOFs has been discovered, conventional MOF-based nanoplatforms are mainly limited to the sole MOF source with sole functionality. In this study, surfactant modified Prussian blue (PB) core coated by compact ZIF-8 shell (core-shell dual-MOFs, CSD-MOFs) has been reported through a versatile stepwise approach...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158670/interferential-current-sensory-stimulation-through-the-neck-skin-improves-airway-defense-and-oral-nutrition-intake-in-patients-with-dysphagia-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Keisuke Maeda, Takayuki Koga, Junji Akagi
Background: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation with muscle contraction, administered through the skin of the neck, improves a patient's swallowing ability. However, the beneficial effects of transcutaneous electrical sensory stimulation (TESS), without muscle contraction, are controversial. We investigated the effect of TESS, using interferential current, in patients undergoing dysphagia rehabilitation. Methods: This double-blind, randomized controlled trial involved 43 patients who were prescribed in-hospital dysphagia rehabilitation for ≥3 weeks...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147578/modelling-historical-changes-in-the-force-of-infection-of-chagas-disease-to-inform-control-and-elimination-programmes-application-in-colombia
#9
Zulma M Cucunubá, Pierre Nouvellet, Lesong Conteh, Mauricio Javier Vera, Victor Manuel Angulo, Juan Carlos Dib, Gabriel Jaime Parra-Henao, María Gloria Basáñez
Background: WHO's 2020 milestones for Chagas disease include having all endemic Latin American countries certified with no intradomiciliary Trypanosoma cruzi transmission, and infected patients under care. Evaluating the variation in historical exposure to infection is crucial for assessing progress and for understanding the priorities to achieve these milestones. Methods: Focusing on Colombia, all the available age-structured serological surveys (undertaken between 1995 and 2014) were searched and compiled...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117726/construct-validity-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-eat-10
#10
Janina Wilmskoetter, Heather Bonilha, Ickpyo Hong, R Jordan Hazelwood, Bonnie Martin-Harris, Craig Velozo
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the construct validity of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) by determining its dimensionality, rating scale integrity, item-person match, precision and relationship with the degree of airway invasion and functional oral intake. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients' EAT-10 scores. We used the Rasch rating scale model. We investigated correlations between the EAT-10 and scores on the Penetration-Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS)...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116028/prenacel-a-mhealth-messaging-system-to-complement-antenatal-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
Lívia Oliveira-Ciabati, Carolina Sales Vieira, Ana Carolina Arruda Franzon, Domingos Alves, Fabiani Spessoto Zaratini, Giordana Campos Braga, Jazmin Andrea Cifuentes Sanchez, Lívia Pimenta Bonifácio, Magna Santos Andrade, Mariana Fernandes, Silvana Maria Quintana, Suzi Volpato Fabio, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Elisabeth Meloni Vieira, João Paulo Souza
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether PRENACEL (a bi-directional, mobile-phone based, short text message service (SMS)) increases the coverage of recommended antenatal care (ANC) practices. METHODS: A parallel, cluster-randomized trial in which 20 public primary Health Care Units (PHCUs) were randomly allocated to the intervention (10 PHCUs) or control (10 PHCUs) group. The study population included pregnant women aged 18 or above with a gestational age of 20 weeks or less...
November 7, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041986/fluorescence-optical-imaging-in-pediatric-patients-with-inflammatory-and-non-inflammatory-joint-diseases-a-comparative-study-with-ultrasonography
#12
Marisa Christin Beck, Anne-Marie Glimm, Sarah Ohrndorf, Kirsten Minden, Ralf Trauzeddel, Stephanie Gabriele Werner, Gerd Horneff, Marina Backhaus, Gerd Rüdiger Burmester, Tilmann Kallinich, Hermann Girschick, Jens Klotsche
BACKGROUND: Valid detection of arthritis is essential in differential diagnosis of joint pain. Indocyanin green (ICG)-enhanced fluorescence optical imaging (FOI) is a new imaging method that visualizes inflammation in wrist and finger joints. Objectives of this study were to compare FOI with ultrasonography (US, by gray-scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD)) and clinical examination (CE) and to estimate the predictive power of FOI for discrimination between inflammatory and non-inflammatory juvenile joint diseases...
October 17, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041925/correction-to-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-smoking-habits-are-still-increasing-in-italy
#13
Giuseppe Verlato, Simone Accordini, Giang Nguyen, Pierpaolo Marchetti, Lucia Cazzoletti, Marcello Ferrari, Leonardo Antonicelli, Francesco Attena, Valeria Bellisario, Roberto Bono, Lamberto Briziarelli, Lucio Casali, Angelo Guido Corsico, Alessandro Fois, Maria Grazia Panico, Pavilio Piccioni, Pietro Pirina, Simona Villani, Gabriele Nicolini, Roberto de Marco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039946/phenylpropenoids-from-bupleurum-fruticosum-as-anti-human-rhinovirus-species-a-selective-capsid-binders
#14
Benedetta Fois, Giulia Bianco, Vijay P Sonar, Simona Distinto, Elias Maccioni, Rita Meleddu, Claudia Melis, Luisa Marras, Raffaello Pompei, Costantino Floris, Pierluigi Caboni, Filippo Cottiglia
The dichloromethane extract of the leaves of Bupleurum fruticosum was found to inhibit the replication of human rhinovirus (HRV) serotypes 14 and 39. Bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation of seven phenylpropenol derivatives (3-9), two polyacetylenes (1 and 2), and one monoterpene (10). Compounds 1 and 10 were identified as previously undescribed secondary metabolites after extensive 1D and 2D NMR experiments as well as high-resolution mass spectrometry. Compounds 2, 4, and 5 showed a selective inhibition of viral replication against HRV39 serotype, with 2 and 4 being the most active, with EC50 values of 1...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019341/controllable-synthesis-of-a-novel-magnetic-core-shell-nanoparticle-for-dual-modal-imaging-and-ph-responsive-drug-delivery
#15
Chen Xu, Cheng Zhang, Yingxi Wang, Liu Li, Ling Li, Andrew K Whittaker
In this study, novel magnetic core-shell nanoparticles Fe3O4@La-BTC/GO have been synthesized by the layer-by-layer self-assembly (LBL) method and further modified by attachment of amino-modified PEG chains. The nanoparticles were thoroughly characterized by x-ray diffraction, FTIR, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The core-shell structure was shown to be controlled by the LBL method. The drug loading of doxorubicin (DOX) within the Fe3O4@La-BTC/GO-PEG nanoparticles with different numbers of deposited layers was investigated...
December 8, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977239/communicating-bad-news-an-integrative-review-of-the-nursing-literature
#16
Cassiana Mendes Bertoncello Fontes, Daniele Vieira de Menezes, Maria Helena Borgato, Marcos Roberto Luiz
Objectives: describe how the process of breaking bad news is established and identify how nurses approach the task of giving bad news. Method: integrative review of the literature for articles in Portuguese and English published between 1993-2014, in the databases: Bireme, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL and Embase. Nine articles were included using the selection flow chart. A digital form was completed for each article according to the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research checklist and the level of scientific evidence was determined...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977238/patient-safety-and-nursing-interface-with-stress-and-burnout-syndrome
#17
Cláudia Cristiane Filgueira Martins Rodrigues, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos, Paulo Sousa
Objective: To analyze studies on stress, Burnout Syndrome, and patient safety in the scope of nursing care in the hospital environment. Method: This was an integrative literature review. Data collection was performed in February 2016 in the following databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online - PubMed/MEDLINE, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences - LILACS. Results: Ten scientific productions were selected, which listed that factors contributing to stress and Burnout Syndrome of nursing professionals are the work environment as a source of stress, and excessive workload as a source of failures...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977236/university-management-contributions-for-nurses-who-are-faculty-members-and-managers
#18
Kamylla Santos da Cunha, Carolina Kahl, Cintia Koerich, José Luís Guedes Dos Santos, Gabriela Marcellino de Melo Lanzoni, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
Objective: To comprehend how university management contributes on the performance of nurses who are professors and managers in a public university. Method: Qualitative research anchored on the Grounded Theory. The setting to collect the data was a public university in south Brazil and it happened between May and September of 2016. A total of 19 nurses took part in the study, all of them also faculty members and managers that were divided in two sample groups. Results: Two subcategories were created: the comprehension that university management improves the faculty performance; obtaining a wider view of the university...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977233/chronic-hepatitis-b-and-d-prognosis-according-to-child-pugh-score
#19
Marcelo Siqueira de Oliveira, Romeu Paulo Martins Silva, Suiane da Costa Negreiros do Valle, Elisabeth Níglio de Figueiredo, Dayana Fram
Objective: compare chronic hepatitis B patients to those superinfected with hepatitis D virus, according to Child-Pugh score regarding disease severity. Method: retrospective descriptive study, performed with 59 patients followed in the ambulatory, of which 22 (37.3%) were chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (Group HBV) and 37 (62.7%) superinfected with Delta virus (Group HBV+HDV); variables of sex, age and items of Child-Pugh score were collected by consulting medical records...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977230/care-necessities-the-view-of-the-patient-and-nursing-team
#20
Priscila Fernandes Martins, Marcia Galan Perroca
Objectives: To compare care necessities as perceived by the patient and nursing team and to investigate the sociodemographic factors associated with these perceptions. Method: A comparative study was conducted in units and hospitalized patients of a hospital institution in the state of São Paulo. The participants comprised 100 health professionals (50 nurses and 50 nursing technicians and auxiliaries) and 50 patients. A questionnaire was constructed and validated regarding care needs and was completed by the participants...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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