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Rosemary Martino, Ellen Maki, Nicholas Diamant
Dysphagia screening often includes administration of water. This study assessed the accuracy in identifying dysphagia with each additional teaspoon of water. The original research of the TOR-BSST(©) permitted this assessment. Trained nurses from acute and rehabilitation facilities prospectively administered the TOR-BSST(©) to 311 eligible stroke inpatients. A sensitivity analysis was conducted for the water item using 10 teaspoons plus a sip as the standard. The proportion of positive screenings was 59.2% in acute and 38...
June 2014: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rosemary Martino, Frank Silver, Robert Teasell, Mark Bayley, Gordon Nicholson, David L Streiner, Nicholas E Diamant
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dysphagia occurs in 55% of all acute stroke patients. Early identification of dysphagia from screening can lead to earlier treatments and thereby reduce complications. We designed and validated a new bedside dysphagia screening tool-the Toronto Bedside Swallowing Screening Test (TOR-BSST) for stroke survivors in acute and rehabilitative settings. METHODS: The TOR-BSST initially contained 5 items with proven high predictive ability for dysphagia...
February 2009: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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