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Penetration aspiration scale swallowing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412031/alterations-in-hyolaryngeal-elevation-after-esophageal-anastomosis-a-possible-mechanism-for-airway-aspiration
#1
Numan Demir, Selen Serel Arslan, Sule Yalcin, Ayşe Karaduman, Feridun Cahit Tanyel, Tutku Soyer
AIM: A prospective study was performed to evaluate anatomical alterations and hyolaryngeal elevation (HE) by videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) in patients with esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF). METHODS: Patients operated for EA-TEF were evaluated for age, sex, type of atresia and time to esophageal anastomosis. All patients were evaluated by videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). Penetration-Aspiration scale (PAS≥7 is considered as aspiration), distance between upper esophageal sphincter and 2nd cervical vertebrae (UES-C2) and hyolaryngeal elevation (HE) were evaluated by the same deglutitionist who was blind to the study...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397562/office-based-electromyography-guided-botulinum-toxin-injection-to-the-cricopharyngeus-muscle-optimal-patient-selection-and-technique
#2
Min-Su Kim, Go-Woon Kim, Young-Soo Rho, Kee-Hwan Kwon, Eun-Jae Chung
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study was carried out to investigate the effectiveness and safety of office-based electromyography-guided injection of botulinum toxin in the cricopharyngeus muscle of patients who did not show upper esophageal sphincter passage in a swallowing study in spite of maximal swallowing rehabilitation. METHODS: Thirty-six patients who showed no or limited ability to oral feed after maximum swallowing rehabilitation were enrolled. Video fluoroscopic swallowing study, flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, disability rating scale, penetration aspiration score, and National Institutes of Health swallowing safety scale were used in the evaluation of dysphagia...
May 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377742/dysphagia-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-impact-on-patient-behavior-diet-adaptation-and-riluzole-management
#3
Emanuela Onesti, Ilenia Schettino, Maria Cristina Gori, Vittorio Frasca, Marco Ceccanti, Chiara Cambieri, Giovanni Ruoppolo, Maurizio Inghilleri
This retrospective study aimed to investigate the clinical features associated with deteriorated swallow in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with spinal and bulbar onset, describe the modification of diet and liquid intake, and assess the impact of dysphagia on the use of riluzole. One hundred forty-five patients were observed periodically every 3-6 months. They underwent routinely fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) and spirometry; dysphagia severity was classified according to the Penetration Aspiration Scale and the Pooling score (P-score) integrated with other parameters such as sensation, collaboration, and age (P-SCA score)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356653/effects-of-electrical-stimulation-combined-with-dysphagia-therapy-in-elderly-individual-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-case-study
#4
Doo-Ho Lee, Ji-Su Park, Seung-Woong Lee, Jong-Bae Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of dysphagia therapy in an old man with difficulty swallowing in the oral and pharyngeal phases. [Subjects and Methods] The subject was a 72-year-old man with no history of neurological disorders. He was admitted to local hospital because of the complaint of swallowing difficulty. The interventions performed were electrical stimulation and conventional dysphagia therapy. We assessed the tongue and lip muscle strengths. Swallowing function was evaluated by using the videofluoroscopic dysphagia and penetration-aspiration scales...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319639/changes-in-swallowing-after-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-with-instrumentation-a-presurgical-versus-postsurgical-videofluoroscopic-comparison
#5
Lydia Muss, Janina Wilmskoetter, Kerstin Richter, Constanze Fix, Soenke Stanschus, Tobias Pitzen, Joerg Drumm, Sonja Molfenter
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with anterior instrumentation on swallowing function and physiology as measured on videofluoroscopic swallowing studies. Method: We retrospectively analyzed both functional measures (penetration-aspiration, residue) and physiological/anatomical measures (hyoid excursion, posterior pharyngeal wall thickness) in a series of 17 patients (8 men, 9 women, mean age 54 years)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315283/effect-of-swallowing-rehabilitation-protocol-on-swallowing-function-in-patients-with-esophageal-atresia-and-or-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#6
Selen Serel Arslan, Tutku Soyer, Numan Demir, Sule Yalcın, Ayşe Karaduman, Ibrahim Karnak, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of Swallowing Rehabilitation Protocol (SRP) on swallowing function (SF) of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) patients with pharyngeal swallowing disorder. Materials and Methods In this study, 24 children with EA-TEF who had deglutitive and respiratory problems were grouped into either study (n = 12) or control group (n = 12) by basic randomization. Study group received the SRP including neuromuscular electrical stimulation, thermal tactile stimulation, and hyolaryngeal mobilization...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289630/recommendation-of-nasogastric-tube-removal-in-acute-stroke-patients-based-on-videofluoroscopic-swallow-study
#7
Jong-Moon Hwang, Youn-Soo Cheong, Min-Gu Kang, Seong Min Chun, Yu-Sun Min, Yang-Soo Lee, Tae-Du Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of nasogastric tube (NGT) removal and change to oral feeding with a food thickener for acute stroke patients in whom a videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) confirmed thin liquid aspiration. METHODS: We retrospectively examined data of 199 patients with first stroke who were diagnosed with dysphagia from 2011 to 2015. Swallowing function was evaluated using VFSS. Patients included in this study were monitored for 4 weeks to identify the occurrence of aspiration pneumonia...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288529/a-comparison-of-swallowing-dysfunction-in-becker-muscular-dystrophy-and-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#8
Yuka Yamada, Michiyuki Kawakami, Ayako Wada, Tomoyoshi Otsuka, Kaori Muraoka, Meigen Liu
PURPOSE: Swallowing dysfunction has been reported in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), but has not been studied in Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). The aims of this study were to report the characteristics of swallowing dysfunction in BMD compared with DMD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants were 18 patients with BMD and 18 patients with DMD. All the patients were examined using videofluorography during swallowing of 5 mL of fluid. The penetration-aspiration scale (P-A scale) and the videofluorographic dysphagia scale (VDS) were used to evaluate dysphagia...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286927/murray-secretion-scale-and-fiberoptic-endoscopic-evaluation-of-swallowing-in-predicting-aspiration-in-dysphagic-patients
#9
Chia-Wei Kuo, Clint Tanner Allen, Chu-Chun Huang, Chia-Jung Lee
The objective of this retrospective review is to evaluate the ability of the Murray secretion scale to predict aspiration as determined by fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. Patients with dysphagia undergoing a fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing study between January 2013 and November 2015 from a single, tertiary care institution were retrospectively reviewed. The Murray secretion scale and penetration aspiration scale on fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing examination were determined...
March 12, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282484/a-systematic-review-of-isometric-lingual-strength-training-programs-in-adults-with-and-without-dysphagia
#10
Victoria S McKenna, Bin Zhang, Morgan B Haines, Lisa N Kelchner
Purpose: This systematic review summarizes the effects of isometric lingual strength training on lingual strength and swallow function in adult populations. Furthermore, it evaluates the designs of the reviewed studies and identifies areas of future research in isometric lingual strength training for dysphagia remediation. Method: A comprehensive literature search of 3 databases and additional backward citation search identified 10 studies for inclusion in the review...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275908/narrow-band-imaging-enhances-the-detection-rate-of-penetration-and-aspiration-in-fees
#11
Julie C Nienstedt, Frank Müller, Almut Nießen, Susanne Fleischer, Jana-Christiane Koseki, Till Flügel, Christina Pflug
Narrow band imaging (NBI) is widely used in gastrointestinal, laryngeal, and urological endoscopy. Its original purpose was to visualize vessels and epithelial irregularities. Based on our observation that adding NBI to common white light (WL) improves the contrast of the test bolus in fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), we now investigated the potential value of NBI in swallowing disorders. 148 FEES images were analyzed from 74 consecutive patients with swallowing disorders, including 74 with and 74 without NBI...
March 9, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244680/dysphagia-in-infants-with-single-ventricle-anatomy-following-stage-1-palliation-physiologic-correlates-and-response-to-treatment
#12
Katlyn Elizabeth McGrattan, Heather McGhee, Allan DeToma, Elizabeth G Hill, Sinai C Zyblewski, Maureen Lefton-Greif, Lucinda Halstead, Scott M Bradley, Bonnie Martin-Harris
BACKGROUND: Deficits in swallowing physiology are a leading morbidity for infants with functional single ventricles and systemic outflow tract obstruction following stage 1 palliation. Despite the high prevalence of this condition, the underlying deficits that cause this post-operative impairment remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Identify the physiologic correlates of dysphagia in infants with functional single ventricles and systemic outflow tract obstruction following stage 1 palliative surgery...
February 28, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241980/rehabilitation-and-nutritional-support-for-sarcopenic-dysphagia-and-tongue-atrophy-after-glossectomy-a-case-report
#13
Nao Hashida, Hiroshi Shamoto, Keisuke Maeda, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Motoyuki Suzuki, Takashi Fujii
Swallowing dysfunction is related to long-term weight loss and reduced body mass index in patients with head and neck cancer. We describe a 76-y-old woman who had severe sarcopenic dysphagia and atrophy of the reconstructed tongue for 17 mo after subtotal glossectomy due to tongue cancer and lost 14 kg during that period. Upon admission, the patient received diagnoses of malnutrition in the context of social or environmental circumstances with insufficient energy intake, loss of muscle mass, localized fluid accumulation, weight loss, and sarcopenia due to reduced skeletal muscle mass (skeletal muscle index <3...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196279/effect-of-head-lift-exercise-on-kinematic-motion-of-the-hyolaryngeal-complex-and-aspiration-in-patients-with-dysphagic-stroke
#14
J S Park, N K Hwang, D H Oh, M Y Chang
The head lift exercise (HLE) is a head-raising workout performed in a supine position. This exercise facilitates activation of the submental muscles located above the hyoid bone in front of the neck. HLE is a potential method to improve the movement of the hyolaryngeal movement and swallowing functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of HLE on the hyolaryngeal movement and aspiration in patients with dysphagic stroke. A total of 27 patients with stroke were randomly assigned either into the experimental (n = 13) or the control group (n = 14)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124628/comparison-of-swallowing-outcomes-of-laryngotracheal-separation-versus-total-laryngectomy-in-a-validated-ovine-model-of-profound-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
N N Venkatesan, C M Johnson, M T Siddiqui, D J Cates, M A Kuhn, G N Postma, P C Belafsky
OBJECTIVES: To validate the ovine model of profound oropharyngeal dysphagia and compare swallowing outcomes of laryngotracheal separation with those of total laryngectomy. METHODS: Under real-time fluoroscopy, swallowing trials were conducted using the head and neck of two Dorper cross ewes and one human cadaver, secured in lateral fluoroscopic orientation. Barium trials were administered at baseline, pre- and post-laryngohyoid suspension, following laryngotracheal separation, and following laryngectomy in the ovine model...
April 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119841/change-of-swallowing-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy
#16
Sehi Kweon, Bon Seok Koo, Sungju Jee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional characteristics of swallowing and to analyze the parameters of dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: The medical records of 32 patients with head and neck cancer who were referred for a videofluoroscopic swallowing study from January 2012 to May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were allocated by duration after starting CCRT into early phase (<1 month after radiation therapy) and late phase (>1 month after radiation therapy) groups...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119832/characteristics-of-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-risk-factors-related-to-dysphagia
#17
Seung Hwa Rhie, Ji Won Choi, Se Jeong Jeon, Sung Don Kang, Min Cheol Joo, Min Su Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and risk factors of dysphagia with the Videofluoroscopic Dysphagia Scale (VDS) using a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) in patients with ruptured aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). METHODS: Data of 64 patients presenting with first-ever ruptured aSAH were analyzed. Characteristics of dysphagia were evaluated using VFSS and all subjects were divided into a high (>47) and low risk group (≤47) by the VDS score...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119831/increased-bolus-volume-effect-on-delayed-pharyngeal-swallowing-response-in-post-stroke-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-pilot-study
#18
Jin-Woo Park, Gyu-Jeong Sim, Dong-Chan Yang, Kyoung-Hwan Lee, Ji-Hea Chang, Ki-Yeun Nam, Ho-Jun Lee, Bum-Sun Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To confirm a relationship between the pharyngeal response and bolus volume, and examine whether increasing the fluid bolus volume can improve penetration and aspiration for stroke dysphagic patients. METHODS: Ten stroke patients with a delayed pharyngeal response problem confirmed by a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) were enrolled. Each subject completed two swallows each of 2 mL, 5 mL, and 10 mL of barium liquid thinned with water. The pharyngeal delay time (PDT) and penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) were measured and the changes among the different volumes were analyzed...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092225/comparison-of-dysphagia-outcomes-between-rostral-and-caudal-lateral-medullary-infarct-patients
#19
Min Ho Chun, Daeha Kim, Min Cheol Chang
OBJECTIVE: A detailed knowledge of dysphagia outcomes in lateral medullary infarct (LMI) patients would enable proper establishment of swallowing therapy goals and strategies. However, little is known about the impact of infarct location on dysphagia outcomes in patients with LMI. METHODS: Twenty patients with rostral LMI (rostral group) and 20 patients with caudal LMI (caudal group) participated in the study. All patients underwent swallowing therapy, which included compensatory treatments and strengthening exercises, for >3 months...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074215/-management-of-dysphagia-in-acute-stroke-a%C3%A2-prospective-study-for-validation-of-current-recommendations
#20
B Lindner-Pfleghar, H Neugebauer, S Stösser, J Kassubek, A Ludolph, R Dziewas, M Prosiegel, A Riecker
BACKGROUND: The German expert recommendations on the management of dysphagia in patients after acute stroke suggest an algorithm for clinical and technical investigations to identify patients at risk for aspiration and thus reduce the rate of aspiration pneumonia. The effectiveness of this algorithm has, however, not yet been prospectively validated . METHODS: In this study 144 consecutive stroke patients were assessed by a full bedside swallowing assessment including the screening procedures of standardized swallowing assessment (SSA) and 2 out of 6...
February 2017: Der Nervenarzt
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