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Penetration aspiration scale swallowing

K M Lee, M C Joo, Y M Yu, M-S Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between mylohyoid motor-evoked potentials (MH-MEP) and swallowing function and determine the value of MH-MEP for predicting aspiration 3 months poststroke. METHODS: Subacute patients within a month of their first stroke were enrolled up for 2 consecutive years. Videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) were performed twice. Patients were evaluated during VFSS using the penetration aspiration scale (PAS) and videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS)...
March 13, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Tiina Ihalainen, Teemu M Luoto, Irina Rinta-Kiikka, Antti Ronkainen, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: This prospective cohort study aims to evaluate the recovery of penetration/aspiration and functional feeding outcome in patients with acute TCSCI. SETTING: Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland METHODS: Forty-six patients with TCSCI were enrolled. All the patients received speech therapeutic interventions based on their clinical needs and were examined with a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) at enrollment...
March 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
Steven A Zuniga, Barbara Ebersole, Nausheen Jamal
Objective Examine the incidence of penetration/aspiration in patients with unilateral vocal fold immobility and investigate the relationship with self-reported perception of dysphagia. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic cancer center. Subjects and Methods Adult patients with unilateral vocal fold immobility diagnosed between 2014 and 2016 were reviewed. Patients were stratified into an aspiration group and a nonaspiration group using objective findings on flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, as scored using Rosenbek's Penetration Aspiration Scale...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Bárbara Carolina Brandão, Alline de Sousa Galdino, Luciano Garcia Lourenção, Glaucia Santana Trindade, Magali Aparecida Orate Menezes da Silva, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Describe and correlate bulbar functionality with laryngeal penetration and/or laryngotracheal aspiration for different food consistencies in Motor Neuron Disease (MND). METHODS: Study participants were 18 individuals diagnosed with MND regardless of the type and time of onset of disease. The Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale - Revised/BR (ALSFRS-R/BR) was applied, and only the bulbar parameter, which includes speech, salivation and swallowing, was analyzed, with scores raging from 0 (disability) to 12 (normal functionality)...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Hyojun Kim, Ho Jun Lee, Jin-Woo Park
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical course and final outcome in patients afflicted with severe dysphagia following a diagnosis of lateral medullary syndrome (LMS). Methods: The patients with severe dysphagia after LMS admitted to a rehabilitation unit were included and their respective clinical data were prospectively collected. The criteria of 'severe dysphagia' was defined as the condition that showed decreased pharyngeal constriction with no esophageal passage in a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and initially required enteral tube feeding...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
D Nevens, A Goeleven, F Duprez, A Laenen, E Dejaeger, W De Neve, S Nuyts
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between patient-scored dysphagia and physician-scored dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients treated with radiotherapy. Furthermore, we wanted to compare both patient- and physician-scored dysphagia with dysphagia evaluated on swallowing videofluoroscopies. Sixty-three patients from two different centers treated with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer were evaluated in the current study. Swallowing videofluoroscopies at baseline, 6, and 12 months following radiotherapy were evaluated by 2 observers using the Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Swallowing Performance Status Scale (SPS) and correlated with patient and physician scored dysphagia...
March 3, 2018: Dysphagia
Anna Miles, Naomi McLellan, Rochelle Machan, David Vokes, Alexandra Hunting, Mary McFarlane, Jennifer Holmes, Kelly Lynn
PURPOSE: Cardiothoracic surgery is known to result in dysphagia and laryngeal injury. While prevalence has been explored, extent, trajectory and longevity of symptoms are poorly understood. This retrospective, observational study explored dysphagia and laryngeal injury in patients following cardiothoracic surgery referred for instrumental swallowing assessment. METHODS: Clinical notes and endoscopic recordings of 106 patients (age range 18-87yrs; mean 63yrs; SD 15yrs) (including 190 endoscopes) at one large tertiary centre were reviewed by two speech-language pathologists and a laryngologist...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Nicole Pizzorni, Antonio Schindler, Marco Fantini, Andy Bertolin, Giuseppe Rizzotto, Federico Ambrogi, Giovanni Succo, Erika Crosetti
BACKGROUND: Several studies have previously analyzed the relationship between QOL and signs of dysphagia in patients treated for head and neck cancer and have reported heterogeneous findings. To the best of our knowledge, no study has previously investigated this relationship among patients who underwent open partial horizontal laryngectomy (OPHL). The aim of the study is to determine if patient-reported swallowing-related QOL can discriminate between safe and unsafe swallowing in OPHL patients...
February 8, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Donghwi Park, Seung Beom Woo, Dae Hee Lee, Kwang Jae Yu, Ju Young Cho, Jong Min Kim, Zeeihn Lee
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between radionuclide salivagram findings and clinical characteristics in dysphagic patients with brain lesions. Methods: The medical records of 35 dysphagic patients with brain lesions who simultaneously underwent both a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and radionuclide salivagram were analyzed retrospectively. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the presence of aspiration on a salivagram (group A, patients with aspiration on the salivagram; group B, patients with no aspiration on the salivagram)...
December 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Fernanda C Sassi, Gisele C Medeiros, Bruno Zilberstein, Shri Krishna Jayanthi, Claudia R F de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: To compare the videofluoroscopic findings of patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia with the results of a clinical screening protocol. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted on all consecutive patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia between March 2015 and February 2016 who were assigned to receive a videofluoroscopic assessment of swallowing. All patients were first submitted to videofluoroscopy and then to the clinical assessment of swallowing...
December 2017: Clinics
Lise Sproson, Sue Pownall, Pam Enderby, Jenny Freeman
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted posture, rather than direct physical rehabilitation of the swallowing function. Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a promising rehabilitation technology that can be used to stimulate swallowing; however, findings regarding efficacy have been conflicting...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Daan Nevens, Ann Goeleven, Fréderic Duprez, R Braeken, E Decabooter, M De Smet, L Lutters, Eddy Dejaeger, Wilfried De Neve, Sandra Nuyts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate the total dysphagia risk score (TDRS) with swallowing function as measured by videofluoroscopy of swallowing using the swallowing performance scale (SPS) and the penetration aspiration scale (PAS). METHODS: 63 patients from two different centres treated with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer were evaluated in the current study. Swallowing videofluoroscopies at baseline, 6 and 12 months following radiotherapy were evaluated by two observers...
February 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Karoline Weber Dos Santos, Betina Scheeren, Antônio Carlos Maciel, Mauriceia Cassol
PURPOSE: Verify whether voice modification after swallowing is associated with videofluoroscopic examination data. METHODS: 27 patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia underwent recording of sustained phonation of vowel /a/ before and after swallowing during videofluoroscopy. The GRBAS scale and the wet voice parameter were used to evaluate the data. Videofluoroscopy results showed stasis of food in the valleculae and piriform recesses, laryngeal penetration, tracheal aspiration, and degree of dysphagia...
December 4, 2017: CoDAS
Stacey A Skoretz, Terrence M Yau, John T Granton, Rosemary Martino
Background: Dysphagia following prolonged intubation after cardiovascular (CV) surgery is common occurring in 67% of patients; however, this population's swallowing physiology has never been prospectively evaluated using standardized methods. Hence, prior to conducting a larger study, our primary objective was to determine the feasibility of assessing swallowing physiology using instrumentation and validated interpretation methods in cardiovascular surgical patients following prolonged intubation...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Ji-Hoon Kim, Young-A Kim, Hye-Jin Lee, Keum-Sook Kim, Seung-Tae Kim, Tae-Sue Kim, Young-Seok Cho
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect of a combined method incorporating the Mendelsohn maneuver and effortful swallowing on aspiration in patients with dysphagia after stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Three patients with dysphagia were recruited. All patients were treated with a combined method consisting of the Mendelsohn maneuver and effortful swallowing. The intervention period was total 20 sessions. Evaluation was based on videofluoroscopic swallowing study and the degree of aspiration was assessed using penetration-aspiration scale...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Susan G Butler, Andrew Stuart, Lisa Markley, Xin Feng, Stephen B Kritchevsky
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to examine, via flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), factors that affect penetration and aspiration during swallowing across the adult lifespan. METHODS: Healthy adults (N = 203) across the third to ninth decades of life participated. Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS) scores were assessed during FEES as a function of age, sex, liquid type (water and skim, 2%, and whole milk), volume (5, 10, 15, and 20 ml), and delivery (cup and straw)...
January 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Dong-Hwan Oh, Jung-Hee Won, Young-A Kim, Won-Jin Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of jaw opening exercise (JOE) on aspiration in patients with dysphagia after stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Three subjects were recruited. Isometric and isotonic JOE were performed using a rubber ball, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Aspiration was evaluated using the penetration-a spiration scale (PAS) based on a videofluoroscopic swallowing study. [Results] All subjects showed a score reduction of at least 1 point and a maximum reduction of 2 points in the PAS in the liquid type...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Tutku Soyer, Şule Yalçın, Numan Demir, Asuman Nur Karhan, İnci Nur Saltık-Temizel, Hülya Demir, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
Soyer T, Yalçın Ş, Demir N, Karhan AN, Saltık-Temizel İN, Demir H, Tanyel FC. Does Nissen fundoplication improve deglutition in children? Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 28-34. A prospective study was performed to evaluate the effect of Nissen fundoplication (NF) on deglutition in children. Children who underwent NF between 2011-2015 were evaluated for demographic features, clinical findings, diagnostic methods for gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and indications for NF. Penetration aspiration scale (PAS), functional oral intake scale (FOIS) and esophageal functions were evaluated by videoflouroscopy (VFS)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Wang-Sheng Lin, Chen-Liang Chou, Miao-Hsiang Chang, Yuh-Mei Chung, Fu-Gong Lin, Po-Yi Tsai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Stroke involving the brainstem (SBS) causes severe oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). Research on the therapeutic efficacy of vagus nerve modulation (VNM) by using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in SBS patients with OD has been limited thus far. We aimed to assess the effect of VNM by using rTMS in improving swallowing function after SBS. METHOD: We conducted a sham-controlled, double-blinded, parallel pilot study in 28 SBS patients with OD randomly allocated to a real rTMS group (n = 13; TMSreal) or a sham group (n = 15; TMSsham)...
November 7, 2017: Brain Stimulation
Sonja M Molfenter, Chuan-Ya Hsu, Ying Lu, Cathy L Lazarus
A significant proportion of healthy seniors report difficulty swallowing, thought to result from age-related decline in muscle bulk/function. Effortful Swallowing (ES) is used both as a compensatory maneuver to improve pharyngeal propulsion/clearance and has been proposed as an exercise to improve pharyngeal strength. This study sought to quantify the immediate kinematic, temporal, and functional changes during an ES maneuver to quantify its exercise potential to combat age-related changes in swallowing. Videofluoroscopy data were collected from 44 healthy seniors (21 male) over 65 years old (mean = 76...
November 17, 2017: Dysphagia
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