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SLIT therapy

Suruchi Garg
CONTEXT: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy is finding importance in aesthetic medicine. AIM: The objective of this study was to study efficacy of PRP therapy in follicular unit extraction (FUE) hair transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a single-blind, prospective randomised study on 40 FUE hair transplant subjects, allocated in two groups (PRP and non-PRP) alternately. PRP was injected intra-operatively immediately after creating slits over the recipient area in PRP group; and normal saline in non-PRP group...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Yafei Qi, Xiaoyuan Ma, Gang Li, Xiangxing Ma, Qing Wang, Dexin Yu
AIMS: Conventional computed tomography (CT) approaches provides limited visualization of the entire endoluminal changes of aortic dissection (AD), which is essential for its treatment. As an important supplement, three-dimensional CT virtual intravascular endoscopy (VIE) can show relevant details. This study aims to determine the value of VIE in displaying the entry tear and intimal flap of AD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 127 consecutive symptomatic patients with suspected AD who underwent CT angiography (CTA), 84 subjects were confirmed to have AD and were included in the study...
2016: PloS One
Yair Rubinstein, Chen Weiner, Adi Einan-Lifshitz, Noa Chetrit, Nadav Shoshany, David Zadok, Isaac Avni, Eran Pras
PURPOSE: This study reports the presentation of 2 families with macular corneal dystrophy (MCD). The aim of this study was to show whether ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) can, based on posterior changes of the cornea in MCD, assist in the choice of surgery, either anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) or penetrating keratoplasty (PK), compared with optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Scheimpflug. METHODS: Six patients with MCD were examined for their best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp, OCT, UBM, and Scheimpflug findings...
October 14, 2016: Cornea
Guang-Tong Chen, Min Yang, Bing-Bing Chen, Yan Song, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhang
2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside (TSG), an active component from the functional and medicinal herb Polygonum multiflorum Thunb, has the capacity of blocking angiotensin II (ANG II) signaling, a pathway within the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) which plays a critical role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN), and blockade of the RAS is currently used for the treatment of DN. Here we investigated the beneficial effect of TSG therapy on renal damage in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes model...
October 17, 2016: Food & Function
Jacob Mareen, Jithendriya Madhukara
Lucio phenomenon (LP) or erythema necroticans is a rare type of reaction pattern found in untreated patients with diffuse non-nodular leprosy. It is important to distinguish this from vasculonecrotic erythema nodosum because thalidomide with high-dose steroids is the mainstay of treatment for the latter, whereas LP shows no response to thalidomide. We report a case of a 60-year-old man who presented with purpuric patches, hemorrhagic blisters, and ulcers over extremities of 15 days duration. On cutaneous examination, there were multiple stellate purpuric patches, hemorrhagic bullae, and deep necrotic ulcers, mainly over extremities...
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Halie M Anderson, Robert A Wood, William W Busse
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common illness in children and can impair their quality of life. Furthermore, many children remain symptomatic despite maximizing systemic antihistamine and topical therapies. It is at this clinical juncture that immunotherapy may be considered. The efficacy and safety associated with both subcutaneous (SCIT) and sublingual (SLIT) approaches are reviewed and positioned as treatment options for pediatric patients, with specific focus on current literature as it relates to SLIT in children, including those with perennial allergic rhinitis...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Patrizia Mammi, Rodolfo Brianti, Laura Galuppo, Paolo Caffarra
INTRODUCTION: Parkinsonism may occur after brain lesions such as subarachnoid hemorrhage (1), hydrocephalus (2,3), slit ventricle (4), or shunt revision (5).Until now, pathogenesis remains unclear. METHOD: Case Report. RESULTS: We described the case of a 53 years Caucasian male with subarachnoid hemorrhage after anterior communicating artery aneurysm rupture, with subsequent complications and early development of bilateral extrapiramidal symptoms...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Michelle N Rheault, Rasheed A Gbadegesin
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a common pediatric kidney disease and is defined as massive proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and edema. Dysfunction of the glomerular filtration barrier, which is made up of endothelial cells, glomerular basement membrane, and visceral epithelial cells known as podocytes, is evident in children with NS. While most children have steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS), approximately 20% have steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) and are at risk for progressive kidney dysfunction...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
Maged Alnawaiseh, Lars Zumhagen, Sven Zumhagen, Lea Schulte, André Rosentreter, Friederike Schubert, Nicole Eter, Gerold Mönnig
PURPOSE: The clinical efficacy and toxicity of amiodarone may be determined more effectively by tissue deposition than by levels of the agent in serum. Therefore, corneal densitometry might be useful for therapeutic monitoring. The aim of the study is to evaluate Scheimpflug corneal densitometry in patients with amiodarone keratopathy (AK). DESIGN: Comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-six patients receiving amiodarone therapy and 66 healthy controls were consecutively enrolled in this study...
August 30, 2016: Ophthalmology
Miguel Tortajada-Girbés, Miriam Moreno-Prat, David Ainsa-Laguna, Silvia Mas
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon disorder. It is rarely reported in paediatric patients and may be accompanied by subcutaneous emphysema. It is usually benign and self-limiting, with only supportive therapy being needed, but severe cases may require invasive measures. Asthma exacerbations have classically been described as a cause of SPM. However, detailed descriptions in asthmatic children are scarce. We aimed at improving the current understanding of the features of SPM and subcutaneous emphysema, and outcomes, by means of a case report and a systematic review...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
S Thurau, U Pleyer
Anterior uveitis is a potentially sight-threatening disease, which affects either one or both eyes. Although the etiology is not fully understood, important associations with systemic diseases and infections have been established. A thorough clinical investigation with the slit lamp may reveal important findings leading to diagnosis and therapy. Additional diagnostic procedures are usually required only with the occurrence of relapses. Most anterior uveitis cases with an underlying autoimmune etiology respond very well to topical steroids and mydriasis while systemic treatment is rarely needed...
October 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Pauline Fournier, Iwan Cornelius, Mattia Donzelli, Herwig Requardt, Christian Nemoz, Marco Petasecca, Elke Bräuer-Krisch, Anatoly Rosenfeld, Michael Lerch
Microbeam radiation therapy (MRT) is a novel irradiation technique for brain tumours treatment currently under development at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France. The technique is based on the spatial fractionation of a highly brilliant synchrotron X-ray beam into an array of microbeams using a multi-slit collimator (MSC). After promising pre-clinical results, veterinary trials have recently commenced requiring the need for dedicated quality assurance (QA) procedures. The quality of MRT treatment demands reproducible and precise spatial fractionation of the incoming synchrotron beam...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
Maximilian Schultheiss, Sven Schnichels, Eva-Maria Konrad, Karl U Bartz-Schmidt, Grit Zahn, Patrizia Caldirola, Mario G Fsadni, Ninus Caram-Lelham, Martin S Spitzer
PURPOSE: Glaucoma filtration surgery (GFS) fails due to fibrosis. The α5β1-integrin plays a pivotal role in fibrosis, angiogenesis and inflammation. This is the first experiment evaluating the prevention of fibrosis after GFS by a specific small molecule α5β1-integrin inhibitor (CLT-28643). METHODS: Twenty-four rabbits received trabeculectomy on their right eyes. The rabbits were randomized into three groups of eight eyes each. CLT-28643 was given as a single subconjunctival injection intraoperatively to two of the right eye groups followed by postoperative vehicle eye drops (CLT+ group) or CLT-28643 eye drops 4 times daily (CLT++ group)...
August 31, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Xiuming Jin, Yingying Zhao, Fan Zhang, Ting Wan, Fangli Fan, Xin Xie, Zhenyun Lin
PURPOSE: Neutrophils release neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) when defending against invading microorganisms. We investigated the existence of NETs in fungal keratitis. METHODS: Fourteen patients with unilateral fungal keratitis were included. Detailed information about each patient was recorded, including (1) patient history (onset of symptoms and previous therapy), (2) ocular examination findings by slit-lamp biomicroscopy, (3) laboratory findings from direct smear examination and culture of corneal scrapings, (4) NET formation, and (5) treatment strategy and prognosis...
2016: Molecular Vision
Panos G Christakis, Jeffrey W Kalenak, James C Tsai, David Zurakowski, Jeffrey A Kammer, Paul J Harasymowycz, Juan J Mura, Louis B Cantor, Iqbal I K Ahmed
PURPOSE: To compare 2 frequently used aqueous shunts for the treatment of glaucoma. DESIGN: International, multicenter, randomized trial. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 18 years or older with uncontrolled glaucoma despite maximum tolerated medical therapy, many of whom had failed or were at high risk of failing trabeculectomy. METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized to receive an Ahmed-FP7 valve implant (New World Medical, Inc, Rancho Cucamonga, CA) or a Baerveldt-350 implant (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc, Santa Ana, CA) using a standardized surgical technique...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
Raffaele Piscopo, Mary Romano, Alessandra Di Maria, Riccardo Vinciguerra, Paolo Vinciguerra
INTRODUCTION: Paraneoplastic clinical signs are characterized by a large and heterogeneous variety of manifestations due to several possible underlying neoplasms. Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is a particular paraneoplastic variety that usually primarily affects the dermic and/or oral mucosa and is characterized by a high rate of mortality (90%). Therefore, it is important to recognize its possible signs early. This report describes a case of ocular paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) presenting with recalcitrant eyelid ulceration and hyperemic conjunctivitis caused by an undiagnosed prostate cancer...
August 18, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Beina Teng, Patricia Schroder, Janina Müller-Deile, Heiko Schenk, Lynne Staggs, Irini Tossidou, Ivan Dikic, Hermann Haller, Mario Schiffer
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the major cause of end stage renal disease worldwide. Podocytes are important for glomerular filtration barrier function and maintenance of size selectivity in protein filtration in the kidney. Podocyte damage is the basis of many glomerular diseases characterized by loss of interdigitating foot processes and decreased expression of components of the slit diaphragm. Nephrin, a podocyte specific protein, is the main component of the slit diaphragm. Loss of nephrin is observed in human and rodent models of diabetic kidney disease...
August 16, 2016: Diabetes
Monica G Lawrence, John W Steinke, Larry Borish
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the general immunologic changes that occur during immunotherapy, focusing on the differences between subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT). DATA SOURCES: PubMed literature review. STUDY SELECTIONS: Articles pertaining to SCIT and SLIT, with specific emphasis on those that included immune mechanistic studies. RESULTS: Both SCIT and SLIT are characterized by the induction of regulatory B and T cells, decreased allergen-specific T-cell proliferation, a shift from a TH2 to TH1 cytokine milieu and from an IgE to an IgG4/IgA antibody response...
August 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Yuka Hosotani, Takanobu Morimatsu, Masashi Takata, Osamu Mimura
BACKGROUND: We report a case of a corneal disorder after breast cancer treatment with a microtubule inhibitor, nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane). CASE: A 55-year-old woman, who was referred to our clinic, presented with blurred vision. 2 weeks previously, she had been undergoing treatment with nab-paclitaxel, trastuzumab and pertuzumab. Visual acuity was 20/60 in right eye and 20/40 in left eye. Slit-lamp examination showed an atypical epithelium invasion of the cornea in both eyes and small epithelial defect in left eye...
June 2016: Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Michela Fresina, Alberto Pazzaglia, Piera Versura
Graft rejection is the most significant complication corneal transplantation and the leading indication for overall corneal transplantation. Corticosteroid therapy represents the mainstay of graft rejection treatment; however, the optimal route of administration of corticosteroid remains uncertain. We report herein for the first time the multimodal imaging of a case of long-lasting corneal endothelial graft rejection successfully reversed 3 months after dexamethasone intravitreal implant. A 29-year-old Asian female presented with a long-lasting corneal endothelial graft rejection in her left phakic eye...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
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