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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822203/the-first-report-of-aelurostrongylus-falciformis-schlegel-1933-nematoda-metastrongyloidea-in-badger-meles-meles-in-poland
#1
Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz, Katarzyna J Filip, Anna M Pyziel
Aelurostrongylus falciformis belongs to the superfamily of Metastrongyloidea. This nematode occurs in European badgers and locates in lungs, in respiratory tract. Numerous species of land snails are intermediate hosts of the parasite. In 2015, parasitological necropsy of 9 badgers, shot in the Forest District Głęboki Bród in Augustowska Primeval Forest, was performed. Two examined animals were infected with nematodes A. falciformis. In the lungs of each badger two specimens of nematodes were detected (male and female)...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819099/the-genetic-basis-of-natural-variation-in-a-phoretic-behavior
#2
Daehan Lee, Heeseung Yang, Jun Kim, Shannon Brady, Stefan Zdraljevic, Mostafa Zamanian, Heekyeong Kim, Young-Ki Paik, Leonid Kruglyak, Erik C Andersen, Junho Lee
Phoresy is a widespread form of commensalism that facilitates dispersal of one species through an association with a more mobile second species. Dauer larvae of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans exhibit a phoretic behavior called nictation, which could enable interactions with animals such as isopods or snails. Here, we show that natural C. elegans isolates differ in nictation. We use quantitative behavioral assays and linkage mapping to identify a genetic locus (nict-1) that mediates the phoretic interaction with terrestrial isopods...
August 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818604/newly-discovered-seagrass-beds-and-their-potential-for-blue-carbon-in-the-coastal-seas-of-hainan-island-south-china-sea
#3
Zhijian Jiang, Songlin Liu, Jingping Zhang, Chunyu Zhao, Yunchao Wu, Shuo Yu, Xia Zhang, Chi Huang, Xiaoping Huang, Manoj Kumar
Eight new seagrass beds were discovered along the coastline of Hainan Island in South China Sea with an area of 203.64ha. The leaf N content of all seagrasses was above the median value, indicative of N limitation, with their C:N ratio recorded significantly lower than the limiting criteria. This suggested that N is not limiting but in replete status. Further, the lower C content observed in the seagrass leaves was accompanied by higher nutrient concentration. The mean seagrass biomass C was 0.23±0.16MgCha(-1), while the average sediment organic carbon (SOC) stock was 7...
August 14, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817834/mdm2-promotes-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-metastasis-of-ovarian-cancer-skov3-cells
#4
Ying Chen, Dan-Dan Wang, Ye-Ping Wu, Dan Su, Tian-Yi Zhou, Ren-Hua Gai, Ying-Ying Fu, Lin Zheng, Qiao-Jun He, Hong Zhu, Bo Yang
BACKGROUND: Metastasis accounts for the most lethal reason for the death of ovarian cancer patients, but remains largely untreated. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is critical for the conversion of early-stage ovarian tumours into metastatic malignancies. Thus the exploration of the signalling pathways promoting EMT would open potential opportunities for the treatment of metastatic ovarian cancer. Herein, the putative role of MDM2 in regulating EMT and metastasis of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells was investigated...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814724/pathogenic-bacteria-enhance-dispersal-through-alteration-of-drosophila-social-communication
#5
Ian W Keesey, Sarah Koerte, Mohammed A Khallaf, Tom Retzke, Aurélien Guillou, Ewald Grosse-Wilde, Nicolas Buchon, Markus Knaden, Bill S Hansson
Pathogens and parasites can manipulate their hosts to optimize their own fitness. For instance, bacterial pathogens have been shown to affect their host plants' volatile and non-volatile metabolites, which results in increased attraction of insect vectors to the plant, and, hence, to increased pathogen dispersal. Behavioral manipulation by parasites has also been shown for mice, snails and zebrafish as well as for insects. Here we show that infection by pathogenic bacteria alters the social communication system of Drosophila melanogaster...
August 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811357/autophagy-attenuates-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-by-promoting-snail-degradation-in-human-cardiac-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#6
Jin Zou, Yanhua Liu, Bingong Li, Zeqi Zheng, Xuan Ke, Yanqin Hao, Xuelian Li, Xingxing Li, Fuyou Liu, Zhiyong Zhang
Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) mainly exists in cardiovascular development and disease progression, and is well known to contribute to cardiac fibrosis. Recent studies indicated that autophagy also participates in the regulation of cardiac fibrosis. However, the precise role of autophagy in cardiac fibrosis and the underlying molecular mechanism remain unclear. This study aimed to explore the role of autophagy in EndMT, reveal the underlying molecular mechanism and seek new therapy for cardiac fibrosis...
August 15, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810526/microrna-374c-5p-regulates-the-invasion-and-migration-of-cervical-cancer-by-acting-on-the-foxc1-snail-pathway
#7
Yi Huang, Hao Huang, Mojuan Li, Xiuqing Zhang, Yusong Liu, Yifeng Wang
Some microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in cervical cancer development and progression. However, the roles and mechanisms of several miRNAs in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cervical cancer remain poorly understood. Here, we conducted a microarray analysis and found that miR-374c-5p was most down-regulated miRNA in TGFβ1-treated cervical cancer cells compared to the expression in parental cell lines. Ectopic overexpression of miR-374c-5p inhibited cervical cancerl invasion and migration in TGFβ1- treated cervical cancer cells...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810525/in-vitro-anticancer-activities-of-osthole-against-renal-cell-carcinoma-cells
#8
Lei Liu, Jun Mao, Qifei Wang, Zhiwei Zhang, Guangzhen Wu, Qizhen Tang, Bin Zhao, Lianhong Li, Quanlin Li
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common urinary malignancy that is resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Osthole, a monomer compound extracted from a traditional Chinese herb, has potent anti-tumor effects on various types of cancer cells. However, the therapeutic effects of osthole on RCC remain unclear. In our study, osthole could suppress the proliferation and colony formation of two RCC cell lines, ACHN and 786-O cells, in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with osthole resulted in a significant, dose-dependent increase in the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins (cleaved caspase-3 and Bax) and decreased expression of anti-apoptotic proteins (Bcl-2 and survivin), which were consistent with evidence of apoptotic nuclear morphology revealed by DAPI staining...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808553/parasite-and-host-elemental-content-and-parasite-effects-on-host-nutrient-excretion-and-metabolic-rate
#9
Nicole Chodkowski, Randall J Bernot
Ecological stoichiometry uses the mass balance of elements to predict energy and elemental fluxes across different levels of ecological organization. A specific prediction of ecological stoichiometry is the growth rate hypothesis (GRH), which states that organisms with faster growth or reproductive rates will require higher phosphorus content for nucleic acid and protein synthesis. Although parasites are found ubiquitously throughout ecosystems, little is understood about how they affect nutrient imbalances in ecosystems...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806534/knockdown-of-snail-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-human-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-hep-2-cells-through-vdr-signaling-pathway
#10
Xue Zhao, Dan Yu, Jingpu Yang, Kai Xue, Yan Liu, Chunshun Jin
It has been well-documented that Snail plays a decisive role in various tumors. However, the direct effect of Snail on laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) has not been elaborated. In this study, we firstly detected the expression of Snail in 14 samples of patients with LSCC and found that its content was high in cancer tissues compared with adjacent tissues. Then we established LSCC Hep-2 cells with Snail silencing and validated the knockdown efficiency by western blotting and real-time PCR. Results showed that silencing of Snail significantly inhibited the ability of adhesion, migration, and invasion of Hep-2 cells...
August 14, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806149/detection-of-nanophyetus-salmincola-in-water-snails-and-fish-tissues-by-quantitative-pcr
#11
Maureen K Purcell, Rachel L Powers, Bonnie L Besijn, Paul K Hershberger
We report the development and validation of two quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays to detect N. salmincola DNA in water samples and fish and snail tissues. Analytical and diagnostic validation demonstrated good sensitivity, specificity and repeatability of both qPCR assays. N. salmincola DNA copy number in kidney tissue was significantly correlated with metacercariae counts based on microscopy. Extraction methods were optimized for the sensitive qPCR detection of N. salmincola DNA in settled water samples...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805181/larval-development-of-angiostrongylus-chabaudi-the-causative-agent-of-feline-angiostrongylosis-in-the-snail-cornu-aspersum
#12
V Colella, M A Cavalera, G Deak, V D Tarallo, C M Gherman, A D Mihalca, D Otranto
Nematodes of the Angiostrongylidae family, such as Angiostrongylus vasorum and Angiostrongylus cantonensis, may cause potentially life-threatening diseases in several mammal species. Alongside these well-known species, Angiostrongylus chabaudi has been recently found affecting the cardiopulmonary system of domestic and wild cats from Italy, Germany, Greece, Romania and Bulgaria. Nonetheless, significant gaps in the understanding of A. chabaudi epidemiology include the lack of information of species acting as intermediate host and of the morphological description of larval stages...
August 14, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804538/exendin-4-assisted-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-protects-renal-function-against-co-existing-acute-kidney-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-and-severe-sepsis-syndrome-in-rat
#13
Pei-Hsun Sung, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Chih-Chao Yang, Yen-Ta Chen, Kuan-Hung Chen, Chih-Hung Chen, Pei-Lin Shao, Yung-Lung Chen, Sarah Chua, Han-Tan Chai, Yi-Ling Chen, Tien-Hung Huang, Hon-Kan Yip, Mel S Lee
This study tested the hypothesis that combined therapy with exendin-4 (Ex4) and autologous adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) was superior to either alone for protecting renal function against acute kidney ischemia-reperfusion (IR; 40-min ischemia/27-h reperfusion) injury when complicated by sepsis syndrome (SS; by cecal-ligation-puncture). Adult-male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=40) were equally divided into group 1 (sham-control), group 2 (IR-SS), group 3 (IR-SS + Ex4, 10 μg/kg subcutaneously 30 min after reperfusion and daily for 3 days), group 4 [IR-SS + ADMSC (1...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803991/dhea-increases-epithelial-markers-and-decreases-mesenchymal-proteins-in-breast-cancer-cells-and-reduces-xenograft-growth
#14
Zaira Colín-Val, Viridiana Yazmín González-Puertos, Criselda Mendoza-Milla, Erika Olivia Gómez, Claudia Huesca-Gómez, Rebeca López-Marure
Breast cancer is one of the most common neoplasias and the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Its high mortality rate is linked to a great metastatic capacity associated with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). During this process, a decrease in epithelial proteins expression and an increase of mesenchymal proteins are observed. On the other hand, it has been shown that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the most abundant steroid in human plasma, inhibits migration of breast cancer cells; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated...
August 10, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803793/schistosomiasis-from-a-snail-s-perspective-advances-in-snail-immunity
#15
REVIEW
Emmanuel A Pila, Hongyu Li, Jacob R Hambrook, Xinzhong Wu, Patrick C Hanington
The snail's immune response is an important determinant of schistosome infection success, acting in concert with host, parasite, and environmental factors. Coordinated by haemocytes and humoral factors, it possesses immunological hallmarks such as pattern recognition receptors, and predicted gastropod-unique factors like the immunoglobulin superfamily domain-containing fibrinogen-related proteins. Investigations into mechanisms that underpin snail-schistosome compatibility have advanced quickly, contributing functional insight to many observational studies...
August 11, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803067/ppargc1a-is-upregulated-and-facilitates-lung-cancer-metastasis
#16
Jin-Dong Li, Qing-Chuan Feng, Yu Qi, Guanghui Cui, Song Zhao
Lung cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related mortality, with metastatic progression remaining the single largest cause of lung cancer mortality. Hence it is imperative to determine reliable biomarkers for lung cancer prognosis. We performed quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis to explore epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) inducers that regulate EMT process in three patients with advanced lung cancer disease. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARGC1A) was uniformly the topmost overexpressed gene in all three human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient samples...
August 9, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802946/effects-of-experimental-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-infection-on-the-reproductive-biology-of-biomphalaria-straminea-and-biomphalaria-tenagophila
#17
Mariana G Lima, Vinícius M Tunholi-Alves, Tatiane Cristina S Bonfim, Fabrício N Gaudêncio, Juberlan S Garcia, Arnaldo Maldonado, Jairo Pinheiro, Silvana C Thiengo
Eosinophilic meningoencephalitis is an endemic zoonosis in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, but in recent years, new cases have been reported in various countries outside these regions, including Brazil, where it is considered an emerging disease. In this study, the effect of infection by the nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis, one of the main etiologic agent of this disease, on the reproductive biology of the planorbid snails Biomphalaria straminea and B. tenagophila was investigated during the pre-patent period...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801289/-lkb1-regulates-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-peutz-jeghers-hamartoma-and-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#18
Chao Zhong, Liang Peng, Ran Li, Jing Chen, Xin-Qi Chen, Di Zeng, Xiao-Ping Xu, Zhi-Qing Wang, Chu-di Chen, Ya-Dong Wang, Ai-Min Li, Si-de Liu, Bao-Ping Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular mechanism by which LKB1 regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in Peutz-Jeghers hamartoma and intestinal epithelial cells. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect gene expression of LKB1, E-cadherin, and vimentin in 20 hamartoma tissues and 10 normal intestinal tissues, and collagen fiber deposition was analyzed using Masson trichrome staining. Normal intestinal epithelial NCM460 cells were transfected with LKB1 shRNA plasmid or negative control via lentiviral vectors, and the role of LKB1 in cell polarization and migration were determined using CCK8 and Transwell assays...
August 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800737/anaemia-in-pregnancy-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-antenatal-attendants-at-the-sunyani-municipal-hospital-ghana
#19
Peter Anlaakuu, Francis Anto
BACKGROUND: Anaemia in pregnancy is an important health issue resulting in high maternal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the current study was to identify factors associated with anaemia among pregnant women receiving antenatal care at the Sunyani Municipal Hospital in Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving pregnant women seeking antenatal care at the Sunyani Municipal Hospital was conducted between May and June, 2015. It involved the collection of data on socio demographic and obstetric variables, medical interventions and malaria infection, consumption of iron containing foods and supplements using a case record form and a structured questionnaire...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800079/challenging-the-metallothionein-mt-gene-of-biomphalaria-glabrata-unexpected-response-patterns-due-to-cadmium-exposure-and-temperature-stress
#20
Michael Niederwanger, Martin Dvorak, Raimund Schnegg, Veronika Pedrini-Martha, Katharina Bacher, Massimo Bidoli, Reinhard Dallinger
Metallothioneins (MTs) are low-molecular-mass, cysteine-rich, metal binding proteins. In most animal species, they are involved in metal homeostasis and detoxification, and provide protection from oxidative stress. Gastropod MTs are highly diversified, exhibiting unique features and adaptations like metal specificity and multiplications of their metal binding domains. Here, we show that the MT gene of Biomphalaria glabrata, one of the largest MT genes identified so far, is composed in a unique way. The encoding for an MT protein has a three-domain structure and a C-terminal, Cys-rich extension...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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