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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221943/religious-hospital-policies-on-reproductive-care-what-do-patients-want-to-know
#1
Lori R Freedman, Luciana E Hebert, Molly F Battistelli, Debra B Stulberg
BACKGROUND: Religious hospitals are a large and growing part of the American healthcare system. Patients who receive obstetric and other reproductive care in religious hospitals may face religiously-based restrictions on the treatment their doctor can provide. Little is known about patients' knowledge or preferences regarding religiously restricted reproductive healthcare. OBJECTIVE(S): We aimed to assess women's preferences for knowing a hospital's religion and religiously-based restrictions before deciding where to seek care and the acceptability of a hospital denying miscarriage treatment options for religious reasons, with and without informing the patient that other options may be available...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220624/godly-homonormativity-christian-lgbt-organizing-in-contemporary-poland
#2
Magdalena Mikulak
This article discusses the emergence of Christian LGBT organizing in Poland and the production of what I term 'godly homonormativity' via a particular strand of organizing exemplified by Wiara i Tęcza (WiT; Faith and Rainbow). I argue that despite being an important initiative representing people - LGBT Christians - whose voices are often excluded from the mainstream LGBT movement, WiT's project is a largely assimilationist one, seeking acceptance within the existing, patriarchal and highly inequitable power relationship of the Catholic Church...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212477/nurse-health-and-lifestyle-modification-versus-standard-care-in-40-to-70-year-old-regional-adults-study-protocol-of-the-management-to-optimise-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-reduction-via-nurse-led-intervention-modern-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Melinda J Carrington, Paul Zimmet
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), the clustering of multiple leading risk factors, predisposes individuals to increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes and/or cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cardio-metabolic disease risk increases with greater remoteness where specialist services are scarce. Nurse-led interventions are effective for the management of chronic disease. The aim of this clinical trial is to determine whether a nurse-implemented health and lifestyle modification program is more beneficial than standard care to reduce cardio-metabolic abnormalities and future risk of CVD and diabetes in individuals with MetS...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211168/burden-of-caregivers-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#4
Alina Lúcia Oliveira Barros, Amanda Oliveira Barros, Geni Leda de Medeiros Barros, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile and burden of caregivers of children/adolescents with and without Down syndrome. The evaluations were performed through questionnaires about the profile and burden of the caregivers (Zarit Burden Interview) and the profile of the children/adolescents. These questionnaires were applied to 168 caregivers. The chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and analysis of variance were used with a significance level set at a = 5%. Both groups were composed of 84 participants, and the caregivers of the disabled group had a significantly higher percentage of females (p = 0...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209376/feasibility-of-psychosocial-distress-screening-and-management-program-for-hospitalized-cancer-patients
#5
Changtae Hahn, Soo-Hyun Joo, Jeong-Ho Chae, Chang-Uk Lee, Tae-Suk Kim
Objective: Although the diagnosis and treatment of cancer is associated with psychosocial distress, routine distress screening is difficult in hospitalized oncology settings. We developed a consecutive screening program for psychosocial distress to promote psychiatric treatment of cancer patients and evaluated the feasibility of our program by Distress Thermometer (DT) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Methods: Among 777 cancer inpatients recruited from the Catholic Comprehensive Institute of Seoul St...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206007/christian-psychopathology-psychiatry-and-knowledge-for-the-sake-of-salvation-in-the-early-years-of-francoism
#6
Ángel González de Pablo
After World War II came to an end, General Franco's regime attempted to step aside from the defeated fascist states by emphasizing its Catholic character. The change of image culminated in 1947 with the establishment of Spain as a Catholic State by means of the Law of Succession. This process generated the national catholic ideology, which became, during the first decades of the dictatorship, the hegemonic instrument for the transformation of Spanish society in an anti-modernizing way. Scientific activity was not excluded from these changes, and a Catholic science conveying universal values and in harmony with the faith was strongly encouraged...
2017: Dynamis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196484/effect-of-herbal-extract-granules-combined-with-otilonium-bromide-on-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhoea-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Joong Il Kim, Pumsoo Kim, Jin-Hyun Lee, Yoo-Jin Kim, Na-Rae Yang, Myong Ki Baeg, Ja Sung Choi, Hye-Jung Kim, Jayoung Kim, Yun-Young Sunwoo, Jung-Han Lee, Hyekyung Ha, Tae-Yong Park
INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), known as a functional and organic gastrointestinal disorder, is a collection of symptoms that occur together and generally include pain or discomfort in the abdomen and changes in bowel movement patterns. Due to the limitations of conventional treatments, alternative IBS treatments are used by many patients worldwide. Samryungbaekchulsan (SRS), a herbal formula, has long been used for alleviating diarrhoea-predominant IBS (D-IBS) in traditional Korean medicine...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190769/measuring-couple-relationship-quality-in-a-rural-african-population-validation-of-a-couple-functionality-assessment-tool-in-malawi
#8
Allison Ruark, Rachel Chase, John Hembling, Valerie Rhoe Davis, Paul Clayton Perrin, Dorothy Brewster-Lee
Available data suggest that individual and family well-being are linked to the quality of women's and men's couple relationships, but few tools exist to assess couple relationship functioning in low- and middle-income countries. In response to this gap, Catholic Relief Services has developed a Couple Functionality Assessment Tool (CFAT) to capture valid and reliable data on various domains of relationship quality. This tool is designed to be used by interventions which aim to improve couple and family well-being as a means of measuring the effectiveness of these interventions, particularly related to couple relationship quality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175220/periictal-sign-of-the-cross-or-signum-crucis-as-a-lateralizing-sign-in-focal-epilepsies-not-only-a-right-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-feature
#9
Esteban Arango-Jaramillo, Lucas Lozano-García, Vanessa Benjumea-Cuartas, René Andrade-Machado
INTRODUCTION: The sign of the cross (SC) is a catholic ritual that has been described as an automatism during the ictal phase in patients with right temporal lobe epilepsy. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to describe the prevalence of the SC and analyze the characteristics of patients who presented this phenomenon during the video-electroencephalography (VEEG) admission in our Epilepsy department. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 1308 recorded seizures; 14 patients presented the SC during the admission...
November 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164358/medical-and-neuropsychiatric-phenomena-depicted-in-two-spanish-medieval-texts-of-marian-miracles
#10
Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim, Pamela Bastante, Wilcar Cavalcante Gondim, Joana Gurgel Holanda Filha, Florian P Thomas
In the history of Christianity, veneration of the Virgin Mary reached its greatest intensity in the XIII century. Her perceived impact on daily life was tremendous and not surprisingly this extended to the spheres of disease and healing. The purpose of this study is to compare the medical and neuropsychiatric findings in two XIII century Spanish texts of Marian miracles, both examples of the popular Catholicism (vs. official catholic doctrine). We analyzed the medical and neuropsychiatric events in the Cantigas de Santa Maria (Canticles of St...
November 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162571/classroom-promotion-of-oral-language-cpol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-children-s-literacy-outcomes-at-grade-3-oral-language-and-mental-health
#11
Sharon Goldfeld, Pamela Snow, Patricia Eadie, John Munro, Lisa Gold, Ha N D Le, Francesca Orsini, Beth Shingles, Katherine Lee, Judy Connell, Amy Watts
INTRODUCTION: Oral language and literacy competence are major influences on children's developmental pathways and life success. Children who do not develop the necessary language and literacy skills in the early years of school then go on to face long-term difficulties. Improving teacher effectiveness may be a critical step in lifting oral language and literacy outcomes. The Classroom Promotion of Oral Language trial aims to determine whether a specifically designed teacher professional learning programme focusing on promoting oral language can lead to improved teacher knowledge and practice, and advance outcomes in oral language and literacy for early years school children, compared with usual practice...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158371/perception-of-curability-among-advanced-cancer-patients-an-international-collaborative-study
#12
Sriram Yennurajalingam, Luis Fernando Rodrigues, Omar Shamieh, Colombe Tricou, Marilène Filbet, Kyaw Naing, Akhileshwaran Ramaswamy, Pedro Emilio Perez-Cruz, Mary Jocelyn S Bautista, Sofia Bunge, Mary Ann Muckaden, Vikash Sewram, Sarah Fakrooden, Antonio Tejedor Noguera, Shobha S Rao, Diane Liu, Minjeong Park, Janet L Williams, Zhanni Lu, Hilda Cantu, David Hui, Suresh K Reddy, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on illness understanding and perception of cure among advanced cancer patients around the world. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency and factors associated with inaccurate perception of curability among advanced cancer patients receiving palliative care across the globe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of a study to understand the core concepts in end-of-life care among advanced cancer patients receiving palliative care from 11 countries across the world...
November 20, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136245/the-religiosity-and-spiritual-beliefs-and-practices-of-clinical-social-workers-a-national-survey
#13
Holly K Oxhandler, Edward C Polson, W Andrew Achenbaum
This article describes the religious and spiritual beliefs and practices among a national sample of 426 licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs). Given the significant role LCSWs' intrinsic religiosity plays in whether or not they consider clients' religion and spirituality (RS) as it relates to practice, it is critical that the profession best understands current LCSWs' religious and spiritual beliefs, and in what ways these mirror or contrast those of the clients whom they serve. Findings from this secondary analysis of a recent national survey suggest that compared with the general U...
November 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130292/scoping-study-investigating-stakeholder-perceptions-and-use-of-school-canteens-in-an-australian-city
#14
Tanya Lawlis, Dionne Eckley, Maggie Jamieson, Melissa Knox
AIM: To investigate stakeholder perceptions of healthy food availability in school canteens, the promotion of healthy foods and canteen policy compliance. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of Catholic and independent primary and high schools comprising three investigative phases: (i) survey of 39 schools, (ii) survey of canteen managers and parents from 10 schools and (iii) an audit of school menus against National Healthy School Canteen Guidelines. RESULTS: Total participants included: 6 principals, no canteen mangers and 86 parents from two schools; 24 menus were audited...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129955/a-comparative-analysis-of-bioethical-issues-from-view-points-of-religious-affairs-administration-in-turkey-roman-catholicism-and-orthodox-judaism
#15
Cemal Huseyin Güvercin, Kerim M Munir
The arguments set forth by religious authority are important since they play a crucial role in shaping the social values of the public and influence the decision of individuals in practice pertaining to bioethical issues. The Religious Affairs Administration (RAA) was established at the inception of the Republic of Turkey in 1924 to guide religious considerations moving out of the Ottoman caliphate to a secular bioethical framework. In this article, the bioethical views of the RAA under Islamic tradition is examined and contrasted with those influenced by the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Judaic traditions...
July 2017: Acta Bioethica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125803/religiosity-and-the-concept-of-god-moderate-the-relationship-between-the-type-of-trauma-posttraumatic-cognitions-and-mental-health
#16
Justyna Kucharska
The aim of the study was to examine the role of religiosity as a moderator in the relationships between trauma, posttraumatic cognitions and mental health. A one-dimensional measure of religiosity and a multidimensional "concept of god" measure were used; sexual and non-sexual traumatic events were assessed and posttraumatic cognitions related to either sexual or non-sexual trauma were taken into account. A total of 337 females from Poland participated in the cross-sectional study. It was predicted that the relationships between sexual trauma and mental health would be stronger in religious individuals - this hypothesis was supported in the case of negative mental health (PTSD, z = -1...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122227/association-between-religion-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-cancer-patients
#17
José Moreno-Montoya, Ximena Palacios-Espinosa, Jennifer Gracia-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Whereas most studies have focused on how the religious beliefs positively interfere with the presence or execution of suicidal behaviors, few have identified differences among religious beliefs and how these can not only be consider as a protective factor for suicide, but also as a variable that influences the expression of the suicidal related behaviors. OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence about the effect of religious practices and beliefs on suicidal behavior in cancer patients in Colombia...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121113/facial-width-to-height-ratio-differs-by-social-rank-across-organizations-countries-and-value-systems
#18
Tim Hahn, Nils R Winter, Christine Anderl, Karolien Notebaert, Alina Marie Wuttke, Celina Chantal Clément, Sabine Windmann
Facial Width-to-Height Ratio (fWHR) has been linked with dominant and aggressive behavior in human males. We show here that on portrait photographs published online, chief executive officers (CEOs) of companies listed in the Dow Jones stock market index and the Deutscher Aktienindex have a higher-than-normal fWHR, which also correlates positively with their company's donations to charitable causes and environmental awareness. Furthermore, we show that leaders of the world's most influential non-governmental organizations and even the leaders of the Roman Catholic Church, the popes, have higher fWHR compared to controls on public portraits, suggesting that the relationship between displayed fWHR and leadership is not limited to profit-seeking organizations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116581/nursing-practices-in-catholic-healthcare-a-case-study-of-nurses-in-a-catholic-private-hospital
#19
Karen-Leigh Edward, Jo-Ann Giandinoto, Cally Mills, Kate Kay
We aimed to investigate Catholic Identity and Mission communication specifically how nurses were expressing the Catholic healthcare values in practice. A mixed-methods, case study design was used and included non-participant observation, a mid-level manager focus group (n = 7) and online surveys (n = 144). Document and observational data analysis revealed the organisation's commitment to visible indication of Catholic values adherence. Focus group analysis revealed two themes, 'Catholic values in action' and 'taking the extra step'...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116580/extending-awareness-of-catholic-healthcare-ethics-among-junior-clinicians-a-qualitative-study
#20
Clare O'Callaghan, Julia Trimboli, Xavier Symons, Margaret Staples, Emma Patterson, Natasha Michael
As Catholic healthcare organizations form a substantive part of healthcare delivery in the USA and Australia, ethical standards for Catholic health care were developed to guide practice. This study examined junior staff's understanding of Catholic ethics. Using a qualitative descriptive design, we recruited 22 medical and nursing staff to interviews/focus groups. Though Catholic ethics seldom informed ethical approaches, the principles were acknowledged as being useful to support development of confident and respectful care approaches...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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