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Ami Kwon, Woo-Baek Chung, Tae-Hoon Kim, Suk Min Suh, Eun Ho Chu, Sung-Won Jang, GeeHee Kim, Sang Hyun Ihm
OBJECTIVE: There are many reports about white coat hypertension (WCH), still the clinical significance and pathophysiology of WCH is ambiguous. The aim of this study was to find out the difference of RAAS activity in WCH compared with the essential hypertension (EH) group, which could suggest the role of RAAS activity in the development of WCH. DESIGN AND METHOD: Never treated hypertension patients who visited 8 hospitals of The Catholic University of Korea from January 2011 through July 2012 were enrolled...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Victor Grech, Samuel Aquilina, Erin Camilleri, Karl Camilleri, Maria-Louisa Busuttil, Victoria Farrugia Sant'Angelo, Neville Calleja
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a chronic disease that often commences in childhood. Over quarter of Maltese children are overweight or obese. This study was carried out in order to measure height and weight (and Body Mass Index) for all school children in Malta in order to precisely quantify the extent of the problem. METHODS: Schooling in Malta is provided by: A. Free State schools, B. Subsidised Roman-Catholic Church-run schools and C. Independent Private schools. All were included...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, K Klimaszewska, E Krajewska-Kulak, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Nursing students, as future professionals, have an enormous impact on the opinion of the rest of the population on topics of organ donation and transplantation (ODT). The objective of this study was to analyze the attitudes of nursing students at the University of Bialystok toward ODT, and to determine the factors that affect ithemt. METHODS: Academic year 2011-2012. STUDY POPULATION: nursing students at the University of Bialystok...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
James G Smith, Ruvanee P Vilhauer, Vanessa Chafos
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess military veterans' functioning in college by comparing their experience to that of civilian students. PARTICIPANTS: The study, conducted from April, 2012 to February, 2013, included 445 civilian and 61 student service member/veteran (SSM/V) undergraduates, drawn from a community college and two four-year Catholic colleges, in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York. METHODS: Participants completed anonymous online surveys...
October 10, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Nicole Nathan, Sze Lin Yoong, Rachel Sutherland, Kathryn Reilly, Tessa Delaney, Lisa Janssen, Katie Robertson, Renee Reynolds, Li Kheng Chai, Christophe Lecathelinais, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: The implementation of school nutrition policies, which govern the provision of food in schools, is recommended as a public health strategy to support the development of healthy dietary behaviours in school-aged children. Despite this, research internationally and in Australia indicates that few schools implement such policies. This study aims to examine whether a theoretically designed, multi-strategy intervention was effective in increasing the implementation of a healthy canteen policy in Australian primary schools...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Isabell Schuster, Barbara Krahé, Paola Ilabaca Baeza, José A Muñoz-Reyes
Evidence on the prevalence of sexual aggression among college students is primarily based on studies from Western countries. In Chile, a South American country strongly influenced by the Catholic Church, little research on sexual aggression among college students is available. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the prevalence of sexual aggression victimization and perpetration since the age of 14 (the legal age of consent) in a sample of male and female students aged between 18 and 29 years from five Chilean universities (N = 1135), to consider possible gender differences, and to study the extent to which alcohol was involved in the reported incidents of perpetration and victimization...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
David S Oderberg
I explore the increasingly important issue of cooperation in immoral actions, particularly in connection with healthcare. Conscientious objection, especially as pertains to religious freedom in healthcare, has become a pressing issue in the light of the US Supreme Court judgement in Hobby Lobby Section 'Moral evaluation using the basic principles of cooperation' outlines a theory of cooperation inspired by Catholic moral theologians such as those cited by the court. The theory has independent plausibility and is at least worthy of serious consideration-in part because it is an instance of double-effect reasoning, which is also independently plausible despite its association with moral theology...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
Arjan W Braam, Henrike Galenkamp, Peter Derkx, Marja J Aartsen, Dorly J H Deeg
OBJECTIVES: Gerotranscendence is defined as a transition from a materialistic and rationalistic perspective to a more cosmic and transcendent view of life accompanying the aging process. Would gerotranscendence levels still increase in later life? The current prospective study investigates 10-year trajectories of cosmic transcendence (a core dimension of gerotranscendence). METHODS: Four interview cycles of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with 3-year intervals from 1995 to 2006 provide data on cosmic transcendence, demographics (ages 57-85), religiousness, health, sense of mastery, and humor coping...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Blake Victor Kent
Research on organizational commitment suggests there is an association between American theists' emotional attachment to God and their emotional commitment to the workplace. A sense of divine calling has been shown to partially mediate this association, but beyond that, little is known. The purpose of this study is to shed further light on the relationship between secure attachment to God and affective organizational commitment. I do so by testing whether the employee's religious tradition is associated with affective organizational commitment and whether the employee's firm attributes moderate the relationship between attachment to God and organizational commitment...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
Jin Hwi Kim, Seung Won Byun, Jae Yeon Song, Yeon Hee Kim, Hee Joong Lee, Tae Chul Park, Keun Ho Lee, Soo Young Hur, Jong Sup Park, Sung Jong Lee
We compared results using unidirectional barbed sutures and conventional sutures for vaginal cuff closure during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH).The electronic medical records and surgical videos of 170 patients who underwent TLH between January 2013 and March 2015 at Uijeong-bu St. Mary's Hospital of Catholic University of Korea were reviewed. Vaginal cuffs were closed using the 2-layer continuous running technique with unidirectional barbed sutures (V-Loc; Covidien, Mansfield, MA) in 64 patients and with polycolic acid Vicryl; Ethicon, Somerville, NJ sutures in 106 patients...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Klaus Baumann, Christoph Jacobs, Eckhard Frick Sj, Arndt Büssing
We aimed to investigate Catholic priests' commitment to celibacy and its relation to their religious practices, life and work satisfaction, and psychosomatic health. Results of our cross-sectional study of 2549 priests show that the majority finds living in celibacy helpful to minister more effectively. Nevertheless, a large proportion see it as a burden and would not choose celibate life again. Commitment to celibacy was predicted best by the frequency of religious practices (liturgy), work engagement and personal relation with God, explaining 39 % of variance...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
V Gallotta, V Chiantera, C Conte, G Vizzielli, A Fagotti, C Nero, B Costantini, A Lucidi, C Cicero, G Scambia, G Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of total robotic radical surgery (TRRS) in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) who receive chemoradiation therapy (CT/RT). DESIGN: Prospective (pre-planned) study: Non-randomized controlled trial (Canadian Task Force classification level 2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: Between September 2013 and January 2016, a total of 40 patients with LACC (FIGO stage IB2-III) were enrolled into the study...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Soe Hee Ann, Suk Min Seo, Pum-Joon Kim, Yoon-Seok Koh, Sung-Ho Her, Dong Il Shin, Hun-Jun Park, Chul Soo Park, Jong Min Lee, Dong-Bin Kim, Kiyuk Chang, Wook-Sung Chung, Ki-Bae Seung
BACKGROUND: Renal insufficiency (RI) is an independent risk factor for the adverse cardiovascular events. Long-term clinical outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with RI is unknown especially in the era of first generation drug-eluting stents (DES). This study aims at comparing clinical outcomes between sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) based on large scaled registry. METHODS: Patients who underwent PCI with DES from January 2004 to December 2009 in the Catholic University of Korea-PCI (COACT) registry were prospectively enrolled...
September 26, 2016: Cardiology Journal
D Chieffo, Gianpiero Tamburrini, P Frassanito, V Arcangeli, M Caldarelli, C Di Rocco
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the relationship between tumor grading and a selective evaluation of neurocognitive and behavioral functions in children with supratentorial hemispheric brain tumors. METHODS: Children admitted with a diagnosis of supratentorial hemispheric tumors involving the cerebral hemispheres or the thalamus at the Pediatric Neurosurgery Unit of the Catholic University of Rome between January 2008 and January 2014 were considered for the present study...
October 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Heidi J Larson, Alexandre de Figueiredo, Zhao Xiahong, William S Schulz, Pierre Verger, Iain G Johnston, Alex R Cook, Nick S Jones
BACKGROUND: Public trust in immunization is an increasingly important global health issue. Losses in confidence in vaccines and immunization programmes can lead to vaccine reluctance and refusal, risking disease outbreaks and challenging immunization goals in high- and low-income settings. National and international immunization stakeholders have called for better monitoring of vaccine confidence to identify emerging concerns before they evolve into vaccine confidence crises. METHODS: We perform a large-scale, data-driven study on worldwide attitudes to immunizations...
September 13, 2016: EBioMedicine
Jae Hoon Ahn, Choong Woo Lee, ChanJoo Park, Yoon-Chung Kim
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal ultrasound is a non-invasive and low-cost modality for real-time visualisation of the plantar fascia. Ultrasound examination for plantar fasciitis is generally performed with the patient in a prone position, although the rational for using a prone position has not been validated. The aim of the study was to investigate if ultrasound examination in a supine position, which is more comfortable than the prone position, is valid. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 30 participants with plantar fasciitis, 8 men (27 %) and 22 women (73 %), with a mean age of 53...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Ami Kwon, Woo-Baek Chung, Tae-Hoon Kim, Suk Min Suh, Eun Ho Chu, Sung-Won Jang, GeeHee Kim, Sang Hyun Ihm
OBJECTIVE: There are many reports about white coat hypertension (WCH), still the clinical significance and pathophysiology of WCH is ambiguous. The aim of this study was to find out the difference of RAAS activity in WCH compared with the essential hypertension (EH) group, which could suggest the role of RAAS activity in the development of WCH. DESIGN AND METHOD: Never treated hypertension patients who visited 8 hospitals of The Catholic University of Korea from January 2011 through July 2012 were enrolled...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ian Njeru, Yusuf Ajack, Charles Muitherero, Dickens Onyango, Johnny Musyoka, Iheoma Onuekusi, Jackson Kioko, Nicholas Muraguri, Robert Davis
INTRODUCTION: Polio eradication is now feasible after removal of Nigeria from the list of endemic countries and global reduction of cases of wild polio virus in 2015 by more than 80%. However, all countries must remain focused to achieve eradication. In August 2015, the Catholic bishops in Kenya called for boycott of a polio vaccination campaign citing safety concerns with the polio vaccine. We conducted a survey to establish if the coverage was affected by the boycott. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted in all the 32 counties that participated in the campaign...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Acheampong Yaw Amoateng, Phidelia Theresa Doegah, Christopher Udomboso
This study used data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey to investigate the association between selected socio-demographic factors and dietary behaviour as measured by fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of 6139 young people aged 15-34 years in Ghana. Overall, fruit and vegetable consumption was low in young people, but females were likely to consume more fruit and vegetables than their male counterparts. Respondents from the Mande ethnic group, those who resided in rural areas and those living in the Brong/Ahafo, Ashanti and the Eastern regions consumed more fruit and vegetables than those from other regions...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Kristien Boelaert
Extract: I am the oldest of three girls in a Belgian family. I was born in the US in 1970, whilst my parents were studying at the University of Wisconsin. Upon completion of their postgraduate studies, my parents returned to their native country Belgium when I was aged one. From a young age I was fascinated by medicine and in secondary school, human biology was my favourite subject. Whilst neither of my parents is medically trained, they always encouraged me and my sisters to have an inquisitive spirit and fuelled a thirst for knowledge and discovery...
September 15, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
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