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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329852/overcoming-elderspeak-a-qualitative-study-of-three-alternatives
#1
Anna I Corwin
Purpose: This study identifies genres of communication that avoid the features of elderspeak and successfully engage cognitively or physically affected older adults in rich communicative interaction. Design and Methods: The study examined 100 hr of audio- and video-recorded interaction between older Catholic nuns and their caregivers. The data were collected as part of a 7-year study on the linguistic and communicative factors that contribute to successful aging in a Catholic convent infirmary...
March 14, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328383/response-to-open-peer-commentaries-on-catholic-social-teaching-and-the-duty-to-vaccinate
#2
Paul J Carson, Anthony T Flood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328377/catholic-social-teaching-and-the-duty-to-vaccinate
#3
Paul J Carson, Anthony T Flood
Since the last century, vaccination has been one of the most important tools we possess for the prevention and elimination of disease. Yet the tremendous gains from vaccination are now threatened by a growing hesitance to vaccinate based on a variety of concerns or objections. Geographic clustering of some families who choose not to vaccinate has led to a number of well-publicized outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Of note is that some of these outbreaks are centered within some Christian religious groups that increasingly avoid vaccination due to moral concerns, fears about safety, or doubts about the necessity of vaccines...
April 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323222/laparoscopic-nerve-preserving-sacropexy
#4
Alfredo Ercoli, Stefano Cosma, Francesca Riboni, Giuseppe Campagna, Paolo Petruzzelli, Daniela Surico, Saverio Danese, Giovanni Scambia, Chiara Benedetto
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to demonstrate our developed nerve preserving technique during laparoscopic sacropexy (LSP) for multicompartment pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: exemplificative case of our surgical procedure based on a multicentric experience consisting of more than 800 cases in 10 years without major intraoperative complications. Informed consent was taken from the subject, and the institutional review board approved this research. SETTING: public practice at Maggiore della Carità University Hospital, Novara; at Sant'Anna Hospital, City of Health and Science, University of Torino; at A...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289049/kids-in-communities-study-kics-study-protocol-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-approach-to-measuring-community-level-factors-influencing-early-child-development-in-australia
#5
Sharon Goldfeld, Karen Villanueva, Robert Tanton, Ilan Katz, Sally Brinkman, Geoffrey Woolcock, Billie Giles-Corti
INTRODUCTION: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284888/characteristics-of-sleep-in-socially-vulnerable-adolescents
#6
Lisie Polita Romanzini, Aline Ávila Dos Santos, Magda Lahorgue Nunes
IMPORTANCE: This study may help understand the effects of an unfavorable environment in sleep quality of adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To investigate sleep quality in socially vulnerable adolescents, correlating the results with cognitive problems and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and assessing the effectiveness of sleep hygiene and an educational intervention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and interventional study. SETTING: an educational charitable center supported by a Catholic institution, in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281154/using-surplus-embryos-and-research-embryos-in-stem-cell-research-ethical-viewpoints-of-buddhist-hindu-and-catholic-leaders-in-malaysia-on-the-permissibility-of-research
#7
Mathana Amaris Fiona Sivaraman
The sources of embryos for Embryonic Stem Cell Research (ESCR) include surplus embryos from infertility treatments, and research embryos which are created solely for an ESCR purpose. The latter raises more ethical concerns. In a multi-religious country like Malaysia, ethical discussions on the permissibility of ESCR with regard to the use surplus and research embryos are diversified. Malaysia has formulated guidelines influenced by the national fatwa ruling which allows the use of surplus embryos in ESCR. Input from other main religions is yet to be documented...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279905/does-equality-legislation-reduce-intergroup-differences-religious-affiliation-socio-economic-status-and-mortality-in-scotland-and-northern-ireland-a-cohort-study-of-400-000-people
#8
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Gillian Raab, Chris Dibben, Paul Boyle, Dermot O'Reilly
Religion frequently indicates membership of socio-ethnic groups with distinct health behaviours and mortality risk. Determining the extent to which interactions between groups contribute to variation in mortality is often challenging. We compared socio-economic status (SES) and mortality rates of Protestants and Catholics in Scotland and Northern Ireland, regions in which interactions between groups are profoundly different. Crucially, strong equality legislation has been in place for much longer and Catholics form a larger minority in Northern Ireland...
March 6, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279142/male-and-female-ministers-comparing-roman-catholic-and-methodist-deacons-on-personality-structure-religious-beliefs-and-leadership-styles
#9
Joseph R Ferrari
Christian deacons (50 Roman Catholic; 50 Methodist) self-reported their personality, religiosity, and leadership attributes, plus social desirability tendencies. There were no significant correlates between social desirability and any of these self-reported variables. Results also found no significant differences across Christian denominations on personality dimensions, religious and spirituality beliefs, or leadership styles. Also, there were no significant differences in self-reported personality, religiosity, or leadership among Catholic male deacons with Methodist female deacons only ( n = 43)...
March 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278568/phosphatidylethanol-confirmed-alcohol-use-among-art-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-persons-who-denied-consumption-in-rural-uganda
#10
Winnie R Muyindike, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Robin Fatch, Nneka I Emenyonu, Julian Adong, Christine Ngabirano, Debbie M Cheng, Michael R Winter, Jeffrey H Samet, Judith A Hahn
Under-reporting of alcohol use by HIV-infected patients could adversely impact clinical care. This study examined factors associated with under-reporting of alcohol consumption by patients who denied alcohol use in clinical and research settings using an alcohol biomarker. We enrolled ART-naïve, HIV-infected adults at Mbarara Hospital HIV clinic in Uganda. We conducted baseline interviews on alcohol use, demographics, Spirituality and Religiosity Index (SRI), health and functional status; and tested for breath alcohol content and collected blood for phosphatidylethanol (PEth), a sensitive and specific biomarker of alcohol use...
February 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276941/unbuckling-the-bible-belt-a-state-level-analysis-of-religious-factors-and-google-searches-for-porn
#11
Andrew L Whitehead, Samuel L Perry
While the link between individual religious characteristics and pornography consumption is well established, relatively little research has considered how the wider religious context may influence pornography use. Exceptions in the literature to date have relied on relatively broad, subjective measures of religious commitment, largely ignoring issues of religious belonging, belief, or practice. This study moves the conversation forward by examining how a variety of state-level religious factors predict Google searches for the term porn, net of relevant sociodemog raphic and ideological controls...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276919/-they-say-god-punishes-people-with-hiv-experiences-of-stigma-and-discrimination-among-adults-with-hiv-in-dili-timor-leste
#12
Kate Williams, Bridget G Haire, Sally Nathan
Little is known about the experiences of people with HIV in the small island nation of Timor-Leste. This study explored the HIV-related stigma experiences of adults aged between 18 and 40 living with HIV in Dili, Timor-Leste. Participants were interviewed on topics related to living with HIV, both as key informants describing the experience of others with HIV known to them, and also with respect to their own personal experiences. Findings suggest that people with HIV in Timor-Leste face stigma and discrimination in various contexts...
February 22, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275287/influence-of-heterogamy-by-religion-on-risk-of-marital-dissolution-a-cohort-study-of-20-000-couples
#13
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Dermot O'Reilly
Heterogamous marriages, in which partners have dissimilar attributes (e.g. by socio-economic status or ethnicity), are often at elevated risk of dissolution. We investigated the influences of heterogamy by religion and area of residence on risk of marital dissolution in Northern Ireland, a country with a history of conflict and residential segregation along Catholic-Protestant lines. We expected Catholic-Protestant marriages to have elevated risks of dissolution, especially in areas with high concentrations of a single religious group where opposition to intermarriage was expected to be high...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258975/animatio-a-history-of-ideas-on-the-beginning-of-personhood
#14
Michael Obladen
The onset of individual human life has fascinated thinkers of all cultures and epochs, and the history of their ideas may enlighten an unsettled debate. Aristotle attributed three different souls to the subsequent developmental stages. The last, the rational soul, was associated with the formed fetus, and entailed fetal movements. With some modifications, the concept of delayed ensoulment - at 30, 42, 60, or 90 days after conception - was adopted by several Christian Church Fathers and remained valid throughout the Middle Ages...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258352/blood-feeding-status-gonotrophic-cycle-and-survivorship-of-aedes-stegomyia-aegypti-l-diptera-culicidae-caught-in-churches-from-merida-yucatan-mexico
#15
C M Baak-Baak, A Ulloa-Garcia, N Cigarroa-Toledo, J C Tzuc Dzul, C Machain-Williams, O M Torres-Chable, J C Navarro, J E Garcia-Rejon
Blood-feeding status, gonotrophic cycle, and survival rates of Aedes (Stegmyia) aegypti (L.) was investigated in catholic churches from Merida, Yucatan. Female Ae. aegypti were caught using backpack aspirator during 25 consecutive days in rainy (2015) and dry season (2016). Blood-feeding status was determined by external examination of the abdomen and classified as unfed, fed, and gravid. Daily changes in the parous-nulliparous ratio were recorded, and the gonotrophic cycle length was estimated by a time series analysis...
March 3, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257534/sun-safety-practices-among-schools-in-the-united-states
#16
Sherry Everett Jones, Gery P Guy
Importance: Exposure to the sun's UV radiation is a leading cause of skin cancer. Positive attitudes and beliefs about sun safety behavior, which would make sun protective behavior more likely, could be promoted and supported by school policies and practices. Objective: To identify school characteristics associated with having adopted practices that promote sun safety. Design, Setting, and Participants: School-level data from the February 3 to July 23, 2014, School Health Policies and Practices Study's Healthy and Safe School Environment questionnaire were analyzed...
March 3, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253003/roads-more-and-less-traveled-different-emotional-routes-to-creativity-among-protestants-and-catholics
#17
Emily Kim, Dov Cohen
Western culture has 2 contradictory images of creativity: the artist as intensely emotional versus the artist as sublimator, for whom work becomes the outlet for what is repressed and denied. We show that both images are correct, but that the routes to creativity are culturally patterned, such that Catholic creatives are relatively more likely to take the emotionally intense route and Protestant creatives relatively more likely to take the sublimating route. This pattern is consistent for both the Big-C creativity of historical eminents (Studies 1 and 1b) and small-c creativity of student samples (Studies 2 and 3)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228046/into-africa-a-transnational-history-of-catholic-medical-missions-and-social-change
#18
Julia R Cummiskey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220954/is-god-just-a-big-person-children-s-conceptions-of-god-across-cultures-and-religious-traditions
#19
Melanie A Nyhof, Carl N Johnson
The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. In Study 1, 3- to 7-year-olds from LDS and MC backgrounds were asked about supernatural mental and immaterial attributes of God, a ghost, a dad, and a bug...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215917/onchocerciasis-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-perception-in-bandundu-province
#20
Jean-Claude Makenga Bof, Dieudonne Mpunga, Emery N Soa, Fortunat Ntumba, Didier Bakajika, Michele E Murdoch, Yves Coppieters
A community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) for fighting onchocerciasis was started in 2003 in the hyperendemic province of Bandundu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC); such initiative was supported by the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC). As the APOC stopped at the end of 2015, there was an urgent need to assess the sustainability of an ivermectin treatment. A cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitude and perception was conducted to determine the awareness level of local population regarding the disease...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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