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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405901/sexual-abuse-of-minors-within-the-catholic-church-and-other-institutions-a%C3%A2-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Harald Dressing, Dieter Dölling, Dieter Hermann, Barbara Horten, Andreas Kruse, Eric Schmitt, Britta Bannenberg, Konrad Whittaker, Hans-Joachim Salize
Sexual violence against children remains a global public health problem. The health sector has an opportunity and responsibility to be part of the multisector collaboration to prevent and respond to sexual abuse of minors. The following article presents a critical analysis of hitherto published empirical studies that examine the extent and variety of sexual abuse of minors within the Catholic Church and other institutions. The analysis consists of 40 studies concerning the Catholic Church and 13 studies concerning other institutions not belonging to the Catholic Church...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399827/organization-level-principles-and-practices-to-support-spiritual-care-at-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-study
#2
Paul Holyoke, Barry Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Though most models of palliative care specifically include spiritual care as an essential element, secular health care organizations struggle with supporting spiritual care for people who are dying and their families. Organizations often leave responsibility for such care with individual care providers, some of whom are comfortable with this role and well supported, others who are not. This study looked to hospice programs founded and operated on specific spiritual foundations to identify, if possible, organizational-level practices that support high-quality spiritual care that then might be applied in secular healthcare organizations...
April 11, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397646/relocating-pastorian-medicine-accommodation-and-acclimatization-of-pastorian-practices-against-smallpox-at-the-pasteur-institute-of-chengdu-china-1908-1927
#3
Chien-Ling Liu
Argument Revising the diffusionist view of current scholarship on the Pasteur Institutes in China, this paper demonstrates the ways in which local networks and circumstances informed the circulation and construction of knowledge and practices relating to smallpox prophylaxis in the Southwest of China during the early twentieth century. I argue that the Pasteur Institute of Chengdu did not operate in a natural continuity with the preceding local French medical institutions, but rather presented an intentional break from them...
March 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394728/destroying-false-images-of-god-the-experiences-of-lgbt-catholics
#4
Angele Deguara
This paper is about how lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) Catholics imagine God1(1) and how images of God change in parallel with their self-image. The study is based on qualitative research with LGBT Catholics most of whom are members of Drachma LGBTI in Malta or Ali d'Aquila in Palermo, Sicily. LGBT Catholics' image of God changes as they struggle to reconcile their religious and sexual identities, as they go through a process of "conversion" from deviants and sinners to loved children of God. One study participant compares his faith in God to peeling an onion: "With every layer one peels off, one destroys false images of God...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394726/chaplaincy-visitation-and-spiritual-care-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#5
Melissa L Howell, Kristin Schwab, Alison M Ayres, Dean Shapley, Christopher D Anderson, M Edip Gurol, Anand Viswanathan, Steven M Greenberg, Jonathan Rosand, Joshua N Goldstein
To better understand factors influencing spiritual care during critical illness, we examined the use of spiritual care in patients hospitalized with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), a frequently disabling and fatal disease. Specifically, the study was designed to examine which demographic and clinical characteristics were associated with chaplain visits to critically ill patients. The charts of consecutive adults (>18) with spontaneous ICH presenting to a single academic medical center between January 2014 and September 2015 were reviewed...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392599/a-call-to-promote-healthcare-justice-a-summary-of-integrated-outpatient-clinics-exemplifying-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching
#6
Nicole P Waters, Trenton Schmale, Allison Goetz, Jason T Eberl, Jessica H Wells
There is an urgent need to promote healthcare justice for patients as well as members of the healthcare team including physicians. In this article, we explain how principles of Catholic social teaching (i.e., dignity of the individual, common good, destination of goods, solidarity, and subsidiarity) are applied to health care, by featuring various types of outpatient clinics including free, charitable-direct primary care, hybrid, federally qualified health center, and rural health clinic. We describe how attempts have been made to improve the quality and access of health care by creating new medical schools (i...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392597/the-sisters-of-mercy-in-the-crimean-war-lessons-for-catholic-health-care
#7
Mary Raphael Paradis, Edith Mary Hart, Mary Judith O'Brien
In 1856, an appeal went out to nurses in both England and Ireland, and especially to religious nurses, to care for the troops fighting in the Crimean War. The Sisters of Mercy, founded in 1831 by Venerable Catherine McAuley, answered that call. This article describes the enormous challenges the Sisters faced in that mission, which was a test of their nursing skills, flexibility, organizational ability, and their spirit of mercy. The challenges they faced professionally and as religious Sisters, the manner in which they faced those challenges, and their spiritual lives as religious women shaped their ability to give comprehensive care...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392596/will-catholic-hospitals-survive-without-government-reimbursements
#8
David L Archer
This brief essay will begin to address the feasibility of operating a Catholic healthcare system without reimbursement from government healthcare programs such as Medicare and Medicaid. This question stems from the recent ACA/HHS "Nondiscrimination in Health Programs and Activities" final rule. Summary : The average hospital in the United States receives 40-50 percent of its net revenues from governmental sources. Participation in Medicare is contingent upon the hospital having a Medicare provider agreement...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392595/the-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching-a-guide-for-decision-making-from-daily-clinical-encounters-to-national-policy-making
#9
Karen Shields Wright
Catholic social teaching (CST), a branch of moral theology, addresses contemporary issues within the political, economic, and cultural structures of society. The threefold cornerstone of CST contains the principles of human dignity, solidarity, and subsidiarity. It is the foundation on which to form our conscience in order to evaluate the framework of society and is the Catholic criteria for prudential judgment and direction in developing current policy-making. With knowledge of these social principles, in combination with our faith, we will be more armed and informed as to articulate the Catholic vision of reality, the truthful nature of the human person and society, to apply and integrate the social teachings in our everyday administrative and clinical encounters, and through the virtue of charity take action within the social, political, and economic spheres in which we have influence...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392594/subsidiarity-restoring-a-sacred-harmony
#10
John W Kieffer
The principle of subsidiarity is a bastion of Catholic social teaching. It is also a principle in the philosophy of the American Founding Fathers. In the USA, subsidiarity is ignored without a sense of the proper harmony between authority and responsibility. Human dignity and wise stewardship are compromised. Conscience protection becomes a concerning issue as highlighted by the conflicts arising after passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. A reconnection of the patient to be steward of his health care is critical in addressing these issues...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392593/st-padre-pio-home-for-the-relief-of-suffering-in-the-usa-responding-to-the-call
#11
Jere D Palazzolo
This exposition is not intended to be a scientific or theological treatise, but rather a testimony to a personal call by Padre Pio, a commitment in faith, to duplicate St. Pio's model of healthcare delivery as a "Beacon of Light" in our increasingly secular country, an example of truly faithful Catholic health care fully faithful to the Magisterial authority of the Church, and a model for other Catholic hospitals to emulate in their ministries.
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392592/conscience-in-the-public-square-the-pivoting-positions-of-the-usccb-and-aclu-around-the-religious-freedom-restoration-act
#12
Luke A Gatta
The debate on the meaning of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) is rapidly developing. Taking three snapshots in the bill's history (in 1993 at its origin, in 2014 during Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, and in 2015 after Obergefell v. Hodges), this essay evaluates the stances taken on the RFRA by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the US Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB). Although the ACLU initially supported the bill, it now campaigns against it. In contrast the USCCB, once hesitant to endorse the RFRA, fervently defends it today...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392591/achieving-moral-high-quality-affordable-medical-care-in-america-through-a-true-free-market
#13
David McKalip
The basis of a just and moral economic model for health care is examined in the context of Catholic social teaching. The performance of the current model of "central economic planning" in medicine is evaluated in terms of the core principles of the social doctrine of the Catholic Church and compared to freedom-based economic models. It is clear that the best way to respect and serve human dignity, the common good, subsidiarity, and solidarity in medicine is through the establishment of a true, free-market health economy...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392590/health-care-s-ills-a-catholic-diagnosis
#14
Angus Sibley
Catholic teaching is emphatic on the need to "guarantee adequate [health] care to all," as Pope Benedict XVI has stated. America has been slower than other advanced countries in progressing towards this goal. Reasons for this delay can be found in certain attitudes that have long been present in American culture, and have been reinforced by the wave of libertarianism (free-market ideology) that swept the world in the late twentieth century. Catholic theology and social/economic teaching can help us understand the flaws in these attitudes, which involve fundamental philosophical and theological principles, but which are far from academic, since they have serious and very practical consequences...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392589/restoring-christ-centered-medicine-through-public-policy-changes-centered-around-subsidiarity-and-the-doctor-patient-relationship
#15
Charles A Donovan, Grace-Marie Turner
Many Catholic leaders supported passage of legislation designed to achieve the humanitarian goal of universal or near-universal health coverage. These leaders could not imagine that the resulting law would lead to a severe assault on the practice of Christ-centered medicine. The legislative focus now is on conscience protection and making the Hyde Amendment permanent. But the real change that is needed is a culture that values life and puts doctors and patients, not secular bureaucracies, at the center of healthcare decisions...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392588/of-means-and-ends-the-financialization-and-regulation-of-health-care
#16
Andreas Widmer
Health care is at a critical stage: doctors and patients, the central protagonists in this field, are less and less satisfied with the outcomes. Much of the debate about health care has focused on the choice between large public or corporate solutions. This creates a false dichotomy and wrongheaded solution. As we evaluate proposed healthcare solutions, we ought to apply the frameworks of Catholic Social Doctrine. We can have a medical system that both meets financial objectives and makes a radical commitment to the person...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392587/healthcare-reform
#17
James C Capretta
Catholic social teaching provides the essential framework for thinking clearly about societal problems, but it cannot be applied like a recipe in a cookbook. It is the responsibility of informed citizens to take what Catholic social teaching offers and use their own knowledge and reason to advance concrete approaches for addressing complex issues of public policy. Lay Summary: In health care, full governmental control would lead to a decline in the quality of services provided to all patients. It is possible to build a market-driven system of universal insurance enrollment that provides full protection to the lowest income households while also providing space for private initiative and innovation...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392586/catholic-social-teaching-precepts-for-healthcare-reform
#18
Donald P Condit
The Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act of 2010 accelerated bureaucratic appropriation of health care in the United States. Persuaded by laudable intentions of expanded access to care for millions of uninsured Americans, healthcare cost control, and improved medical quality, supporters are now confronted by the unintended consequences of greater government control of health care. The four primary principles of Catholic social teaching guide a best response to our neighbor's healthcare needs. The presence of these principles in the founding documents of the United States facilitates advocacy the public square...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361723/synthetic-biology-the-response-of-the-commission-of-the-catholic-bishops-conferences-of-the-european-community
#19
Patrick Heavey
The Commission of the (Catholic) Bishops' Conferences of the European Community (COMECE) has issued an opinion on the ethics of synthetic biology (synbio). Examining synbio from religious and more general ethical perspectives, it examines synbio's potential pros and cons, as well as whether it is ethical in and of itself. Its conclusions mirror those of the ethical mainstream; namely, that synbio may present humanity with opportunities for both great advancement and great destruction. It suggests a prudent approach, and calls for regulation to be used to encourage positive outcomes while reducing the likelihood of negative ones...
April 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343284/the-relationship-of-religious-comfort-and-struggle-with-anxiety-and-satisfaction-with-life-in-roman-catholic-polish-men-the-moderating-effect-of-sexual-orientation
#20
Beata Zarzycka, Radosław Rybarski, Jacek Sliwak
The aim of the research was to analyze the relationships of religious comfort and struggle with state anxiety and satisfaction with life in homosexual and heterosexual samples of men. A hundred and eight men aged between 18 and 43 participated in the research in total, 54 declared themselves as homosexual and 54 as heterosexual. The Religious Comfort and Strain Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were applied to the research. The results of hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that sexual orientation moderated the relationships of religious comfort and struggle with state anxiety and satisfaction with life...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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