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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923130/regulating-cinematic-stories-about-reproduction-pregnancy-childbirth-abortion-and-movie-censorship-in-the-us-1930-1958
#1
David A Kirby
In the mid-twentieth century film studios sent their screenplays to Hollywood's official censorship body, the Production Code Administration (PCA), and to the Catholic Church's Legion of Decency for approval and recommendations for revision. This article examines the negotiations between filmmakers and censorship groups in order to show the stories that censors did, and did not, want told about pregnancy, childbirth and abortion, as well as how studios fought to tell their own stories about human reproduction...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922825/catholic-understandings-of-female-sexuality-in-1960s-britain
#2
David Geiringer
Recent interpretations of religious change in modern Britain have stressed the importance of a sudden and abrupt 'sexual revolution' during the 1960s. The role the Churches played in bringing about their own demise remains a point of debate, particularly in the case of the Catholic Church. This article attempts to move beyond existing historical disputes over a 'religious crisis' and whether it was rooted in 'internal' causes (problems within the Church) or 'external', secular developments. It explores the way sexual knowledge was discussed and disseminated by Catholic authorities during this decade of perceived cultural transition, drawing on the previously unpublished papers of the Papal Commission for Birth Control 1963-5 and the training manuals of the Catholic Marriage Advisory Council (CMAC)...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922617/training-the-next-generation-of-biobankers-a-two-year-master-s-course-in-the-management-of-biobanks
#3
Emmanuelle Gormally, Isabelle Hardy, Elodie Caboux, Jeanne-Hélène di Donato, Pierre Hainaut, Paul Hofman
The growing complexity of biobanking requires dedicated professional staff who are trained in multiple aspects of the biobanking process, including technical, managerial, regulatory, and ethical aspects, and who have a good understanding of the challenges of biospecimen research, but also of the challenges related to the sustainability of future biobanks. Up to the present, biobanking staff have been trained in an ad-hoc manner, usually through specific short duration courses, for example, summer schools. In this article, we describe the development/establishment of a systematic 2-year training program at the Master level intended for students with a background in life sciences and providing them with a professional qualification as a "Biobank Manager...
September 18, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914142/theorizing-and-measuring-religiosity-across-cultures
#4
Adam B Cohen, Gina L Mazza, Kathryn A Johnson, Craig K Enders, Carolyn M Warner, Michael H Pasek, Jonathan E Cook
For almost 50 years, psychologists have been theorizing about and measuring religiosity essentially the way Gordon Allport did, when he distinguished between intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity. However, there is a historical debate regarding what this scale actually measures, which items should be included, and how many factors or subscales exist. To provide more definitive answers, we estimated a series of confirmatory factor analysis models comparing four competing theories for how to score Gorsuch and McPherson's commonly used measure of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912618/moral-theological-analysis-of-direct-versus-indirect-abortion
#5
John M Haas
Cases of a vital conflict, where the lives of both the mother and child are at risk during pregnancy, have been the subject of recent vigorous debate. The basic principles put forth in the Ethical and Religious Directives are reviewed, as is the principle of double effect. An illustrative case of severe cardiomyopathy in a pregnant woman is described and it is noted that the principle of double effect would not apply. Counter arguments are noted, focusing on Martin Rhonheimer who posits that in the case of vital conflicts, such as performing a craniotomy on a baby stuck in the birth canal, taking the baby's life does not constitute a direct abortion because moral norms do not apply in the extreme conflict situation where both mother and child will die...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912616/decision-making-in-neonatal-end-of-life-scenarios-in-low-income-settings-1
#6
James McTavish
The challenge of decision making in end-of-life scenarios is exacerbated when the patient is a newborn and in a low-income setting. The principle of proportionate care is a helpful guide but needs to be applied. The complex interplay of benefit, burden, and cost of various treatments all need to be considered. In patients with severe neonatal encephalopathy, prognosis can be hard to determine, and a team approach to decision making can help. In low-income settings, or where there are limited resources, the ideal care needs to be incarnated in the real context...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912614/spiritual-care-of-the-sick
#7
Fr Juan R Vélez
In the Gospel we see how people bring the sick to Christ to be healed. As physicians, nurses, and chaplains we are God's instruments bringing physical and spiritual healing to the sick. It is important for those of us who care for the sick to ask them about their religious affiliation and spiritual needs, and then following their cues and in a respectful way to encourage them to pray and, in the case of Catholics, to receive the sacraments. We should also pray for our patients, and when we think they would like it, to pray with them...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900841/right-side-approach-duet-totally-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-r-duet-tldg-using-a-three-port-to-treat-gastric-cancer
#8
Ho Seok Seo, Kyo Young Song, Yoon Ju Jung, Ji Hyun Kim, Cho Hyun Park, Han Hong Lee
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is commonly treated via minimally invasive surgery. The present study explored the feasibility of right-side approach-duet (R-duet) totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy using a three-port compared with a four- or five-port. METHODS: A total of 251 patients who underwent curative totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer (72 R-duet, 74 four-port, and 105 five-port) at the Catholic Medical Center were enrolled. All operations were performed using conventional laparoscopic instruments...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889935/sociocultural-determinants-of-us-women-s-ethical-views-on-various-fertility-treatments
#9
Stephen C Collins, Esther Chan
Ethical concerns over treatments for infertility can discourage patients from pursuing fertility healthcare. This study aims to evaluate the sociocultural factors that influence the ethical views of reproductive-aged women regarding various fertility treatments. A publicly available cross-sectional survey of 4792 nationally representative US women aged 25-52 years was analysed to identify the frequency of ethical concerns over such interventions. Concerns were most common for treatments that increase the chance of twins (54%), followed by third-party reproductive strategies (48-51%), IVF (30%) and partner insemination (14%)...
August 25, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867130/follow-up-to-age-4-years-of-treatment-of-type-1-retinopathy-of-prematurity-intravitreal-bevacizumab-injection-versus-laser-fluorescein-angiographic-findings
#10
Domenico Lepore, Graham E Quinn, Fernando Molle, Lorenzo Orazi, Antonio Baldascino, Marco H Ji, Maria Sammartino, Fabio Sbaraglia, Daniela Ricci, Eugenio Mercuri
PURPOSE: To compare structural outcome at age 4 years of eyes treated with intravitreal injection of bevacizumab with fellow eyes treated with conventional laser photoablation in type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). DESIGN: Single, randomized, controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: All inborn babies with type 1 zone 1 ROP at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Catholic University, Rome, from September 1, 2009, to March 31, 2012. METHODS: In 21 infants (42 eyes), 1 eye was randomized to receive an intravitreal injection of 0...
August 31, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858997/virtually-integrated-care-a-new-paradigm-in-patient-care-delivery
#11
Shannon Denney, Elizabeth Miller Evans
Current trends, including an aging population; the impact of the Affordable Care Act; increased complexity and acuity of patient needs; shorter hospital stays; and higher patient expectations have resulted in a significant demand for reconfiguration of the bedside nursing model. The health care system is further complicated by a shortage of highly trained nurses, challenging financial incentive models, and inefficient traditional staffing models. These challenges have increased the urgency for designing a more efficient, cost-effective care delivery model...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852842/the-impact-of-combined-nutraceutical-supplementation-on-quality-of-life-and-metabolic-changes-during-the-menopausal-transition-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#12
Paola Villa, Inbal D Amar, Carolina Bottoni, Clelia Cipolla, Giorgia Dinoi, Maria C Moruzzi, Giovanni Scambia, Antonio Lanzone
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a combined nutraceutical supplement on symptoms and early metabolic alterations during the menopausal transition. This pilot randomized study was conducted at the service for menopause disorders of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. METHODS: Ninety women in menopausal transition who attended our service with menopausal symptoms were enrolled in the study...
August 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851548/aspergillus-from-catholic-ceremonies-to-invasive-disease
#13
Dieter Stürchler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834324/use-of-spiritual-coping-strategies-by-gender-race-ethnicity-and-religion-at-1-and-3-months-after-infant-s-child-s-intensive-care-unit-death
#14
Dawn M Hawthorne, JoAnne M Youngblut, Dorothy Brooten
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the United States, 57,000 children (newborn to 18 years) die annually. Bereaved parents may rely on religious or spiritual beliefs in their grief. The study's purpose was to examine differences in parents' use of spiritual and religious coping practices by gender, race/ethnicity, and religion at 1 and 3 months after infant/ICU death. METHODS: The sample consisted of 165 bereaved parents, 78% minority. The Spiritual Coping Strategies Scale was used to measure religious and spiritual coping practices, separately...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832758/risk-factors-for-syphilis-in-women-case-control-study
#15
Vilma Costa de Macêdo, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Paulo Germano de Frias, Luciana Maria Delgado Romaguera, Silvana de Fátima Ferreira Caires, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and health care factors related to the occurrence of syphilis in women treated at public maternity hospitals. METHODS: This is a case-control study (239 cases and 322 controls) with women admitted to seven maternity hospitals in the municipality of Recife, Brazil, from July 2013 to July 2014. Eligible women were recruited after the result of the VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) under any titration...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819883/how-the-political-becomes-private-in-vitro-fertilization-and-the-catholic-church-in-poland
#16
Magdalena Radkowska-Walkowicz
The Polish debate on in vitro fertilization (IVF) is extremely heated and highly politicized. The hierarchs of the Catholic vehemently oppose the use of IVF. In this text, I present the Church's approach to IVF. Basing on the documentary film, Three Conversations about Life, and ethnographic research, as well as an analysis of Vatican documents and official statements of Polish bishops, I show how the positions of clergy might influence private lives. I indicate series of tensions associated with the "politics of morality" of the Catholic Church and the daily lives of people, who have children thanks to IVF...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807640/rogue-nuns-grow-services-to-combat-growing-problems
#17
Loring Leifer
This paper tells the story of how an experiment in caring for the children of poor, working mothers became a multimillion-dollar early learning center. It follows the evolution of two nuns who began providing day care in a church and came to realize that children living in poverty need a much greater range of services. It covers how the sisters broke with the Catholic Church and engaged alternative and unorthodox sources to help the operation survive and to extend its reach. It documents how far the sisters went to keep the doors open and how they sustained success...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801414/transformation-of-mortality-in-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-community-a-retrospective-observational-study
#18
Wendy E Hoy, Susan Anne Mott, Beverly June McLeod
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in ages and causes of death in a remote-living Australian Aboriginal group over a recent 50-year period. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study, from 1960 to 2010, of deaths and people starting dialysis, using data from local clinic, parish, dialysis and birthweight registers. SETTING: A remote island community in the Top End of Australia's Northern Territory, where a Catholic mission was established in 1911...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795309/religious-identity-and-health-inequalities-in-canada
#19
Maryam Dilmaghani
In the past few decades, most new immigrants to Canada have originated from non-Christian countries. During the same period, the unaffiliation rates have sharply increased in Canada. This paper investigates whether there are any health inequalities associated with religious identity, including also the individuals who do not identify with organized religion in the analysis. The study uses the Canadian General Social Survey of 2012 (N = 23,093), focused on Caregiving and Care-receiving. Employing multivariate regression analysis and controlling for a large set of characteristics inclusive of the degree of religious commitment, individuals who identify as Protestant are found at a physical and mental health advantage, compared with Roman Catholics and most other groups...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780153/the-catholic-taste-of-broad-tapeworms-multiple-routes-to-human-infection
#20
Andrea Waeschenbach, Jan Brabec, Tomáš Scholz, D Timothy J Littlewood, Roman Kuchta
Broad tapeworms (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidea) are the principal agents of widespread food-borne cestodosis. Diphyllobothriosis and diplogonoporosis, caused by members of the genera Diphyllobothrium, Diplogonoporus and Adenocephalus, are the most common fish cestodoses with an estimated 20million people infected worldwide, and has seen recent (re)emergences in Europe due to the increasing popularity of eating raw or undercooked fish. Sparganosis is a debilitating and potentially lethal disease caused by the larvae of the genus Spirometra, which occurs throughout much of the (sub)tropics and is caused by the consumption of raw snakes and frogs, and drinking water contaminated by infected copepods...
August 3, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
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