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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076534/absorption-and-metabolization-of-sex-hormones-and-their-transformation-into-contraceptive-technologies-the-paths-taken-by-medical-thought-in-brazil
#1
Claudia Bonan, Luiz Antonio Teixeira, Andreza Rodrigues Nakano
The article analyses knowledge assimilation and the development of clinical and research practices relating to sex hormones among Brazilian gynaecologists. It discusses the paths taken by medical thought from the reception of the hormones to their transformation into contraceptives. Our objective is to comprehend styles of introducing and disseminating medical technologies in the area of reproductive health in Brazil. It uses methods of historical analysis and takes as its source the Anais Brasileiros de Ginecologia, a journal published between 1936 and 1970...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065812/minimally-invasive-approach-in-type-ii-endometrial-cancer-it-is-wise-and-safe
#2
Giorgia Monterossi, Fabio Ghezzi, Enrico Vizza, Gian Franco Zannoni, Stefano Uccella, Giacomo Corrado, Stefano Restaino, Lorena Quagliozzi, Jvan Casarin, Giorgia Dinoi, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco Fanfani
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare peri-operative and survival outcomes of Type II endometrial cancers patients staged by minimally invasive approaches versus laparotomy. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. DESIGN: Classification: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Rome, University of Insubria, Varese and "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute of Rome. PATIENTS: We enrolled 283 Type II endometrial cancer patients with clinical FIGO stage I-II and pathological stage III with apparent early-stage disease at the pre-operative instrumental examination...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032525/the-breakdown-of-galileo-s-roman-network-crisis-and-community-ca-1633
#3
Paula Findlen, Hannah Marcus
Rome has long been central to the story of Galileo's life and scientific work. Through an analysis of the metadata of Galileo's surviving letters, combined with a close reading of the letters themselves, we discuss how Galileo used correspondence to build a Roman network. Galileo initially assembled this network around the members of the Lincean Academy, a few carefully nurtured relationships with important ecclesiastics, and the expertise of well positioned Tuscan diplomats in the Eternal City. However, an analysis of Galileo's correspondence in the aftermath of the trial of 1633 provides us with a unique opportunity to interrogate how his altered circumstances transformed his social relations...
December 1, 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032319/religiosity-marital-quality-and-couple-generativity-in-italian-couples-belonging-to-a-catholic-spiritual-association-a-quali-quantitative-study
#4
Miriam Parise, Fabiana Gatti, Raffaella Iafrate
The current studies aimed, firstly, at exploring the relationship between the level of religiosity and marital outcomes, in terms of relationship quality and couple generativity; secondly, at gaining insight into which strategies the couples use to ensure their marital quality/couple generativity, and understanding if religious practices have a positive influence on the development of such strategies. The studies focused on a specific aspect of religiosity, that is the active involvement in a Catholic association, and compared couples with a high level of religious involvement (HRI) belonging to a Catholic international association (New Families) and couples with a low level of religious involvement (LRI)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997291/framing-child-sexual-abuse-a-longitudinal-content-analysis-of-newspaper-and-television-coverage-2002-2012
#5
Jane Long Weatherred
The way in which the news media frames child sexual abuse can influence public perception. This content analysis of the child sexual abuse coverage of eight national news organizations in the United States from 2002 to 2012 includes the two dominant events of the Catholic Church and Pennsylvania State University child sexual abuse scandals. Census and systematic stratified sampling techniques were applied to articles obtained from the Lexis/Nexis Academic database, resulting in a sample of 503 articles. Intercoder reliability was ensured by double coding a randomly selected sample...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982708/kenyan-religious-leaders-views-on-same-sex-sexuality-and-gender-nonconformity-religious-freedom-versus-constitutional-rights
#6
David Kuria Mbote, Theo G M Sandfort, Esther Waweru, Andrew Zapfel
Religion plays an important role in framing the public discourse on sexuality, especially in countries where religion fully permeates social life. We explored the perspectives of Kenyan religious leaders on sexual and gender diversity in their country's specific context. A total of 212 Catholic, Islamic, and Protestant leaders from urban centers and rural townships completed a self-administered questionnaire specifically developed for this study. The leaders' perspectives were predominantly negative. Limited acceptance was conditional on sexual minorities not engaging in same-sex practices or seeing such practices as sinful...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977486/assessment-of-the-postoperative-stability-of-mandibular-orthognathic-surgery-for-correction-of-class-iii-skeletal-malocclusion
#7
Giuliano Henrique Mião Luchi, Ricardo Augusto Conci, Flavio Henrique Silveira Tomazi, Rosana da Silva Berticelli, Michel Martins Guarenti, Guilherme Genehr Fritscher, Cláiton Heitz
To assess the stability of mandible position after orthognathic surgery for correction of class III skeletal malocclusion. Twenty adult males, aged 18 to 40 years, with Angle class III skeletal malocclusion underwent preoperative orthodontic treatment for elimination of dental compensations followed by combined maxillomandibular surgery with rigid internal fixation. Lateral cephalograms from each patient, obtained in the natural head position before surgery, immediately after surgery, and at 6-month follow-up, were retrieved from the files of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul outpatient Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery clinic and compared...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934572/conscientious-objection-complicity-in-wrongdoing-and-a-not-so-moderate-approach
#8
Francesca Minerva
This article analyzes the problem of complicity in wrongdoing in the case of healthcare practitioners (and in particular Roman Catholic ones) who refuse to perform abortions, but who are nonetheless required to facilitate abortions by informing their patients about this option and by referring them to a willing colleague. Although this solution is widely supported in the literature and is also widely represented in much legislation, the argument here is that it fails to both (1) safeguard the well-being of the patients, and (2) protect the moral integrity of healthcare practitioners...
January 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918407/pioneering-a-national-advanced-practice-leadership-council-to-enhance-care-delivery-in-a-large-19-state-health-system
#9
Dixie Harms, Julianne Z Ewen, Matt Metsker, Jay Swanson, Kimberly H Oas
This article describes an innovative approach to enhancing the capacity of advanced practice clinicians (APCs) in a large faith-based health system consisting of multiple markets across the United States. With the challenges in health care today, promotion of advanced practice is vital to increasing quality and access to care while maintaining cost-effectiveness. The development of a national Advanced Practice Leadership Council led by the Vice President of Advanced Practice at Catholic Health Initiatives has been a progressive approach in mitigating the challenges facing APCs in today's health care arena...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896534/reactions-and-strategies-of-german-catholic-priests-to-cope-with-phases-of-spiritual-dryness
#10
Arndt Büssing, Jochen Sautermeister, Eckhard Frick, Klaus Baumann
We investigated strategies of 763 Catholic priests (response rate 36%) to deal with phases of spiritual dryness, specifically their reactions toward these feelings, and which strategies were used. Most priests have found strategies to cope with feelings of spiritual dryness. Those who have managed to overcome these phases were stimulated "all the more to help others" and experienced "deeper spiritual clarity and depth." Whatever strategy was chosen (we differentiated eight strategies in various combinations), there were no significant differences for priests' self-efficacy expectation, transcendence perception or life satisfaction...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875651/religious-hospitals-and-patient-choice
#11
Nadia N Sawicki
Recent media reports have drawn widespread attention to the experiences of patients who are denied reproductive services at Catholic hospitals. For some patients, such as those experiencing miscarriage, denial of appropriate treatment can lead to serious health consequences. However, many patients are unaware of the limitations on services available at religiously affiliated health care institutions. As a result, patients' ability to make informed and autonomous decisions about where to seek treatment is hindered...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874727/socialization-processes-and-clergy-offenders
#12
Jane Anderson
This article uses feminist theory to investigate how the socialization processes used to maintain the clergy community in the Roman Catholic Church contributes to a vulnerability in some clergy for sexually abusing children. This vulnerability is identified first in an examination of the literature on the impact of socialization processes on clergy offenders between the 1960s and 1980s. A comparison is then made with the implications of the apostolic exhortation, Pastores Dabo Vobis, which provides a theological basis to clergy formation...
November 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861699/dietary-habits-in-new-france-during-the-17th-and-18th-centuries-an-isotopic-perspective
#13
J Vigeant, I Ribot, J-F Hélie
OBJECTIVE: Little attention has been given, so far, to the early colonial diet in New France from an isotopic perspective. Historical records that compare France to New France suggest a shift toward a more diverse diet, including a higher protein intake due to an improvement in living conditions in the New World, despite the retention of ancestral dietary habits. This hypothesis will be explored here. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stable carbon (organic and mineral) and nitrogen isotopes were measured on 43 individuals from Notre Dame cemetery (first Catholic parish church cemetery in Montreal, 1683-1803) as well as 13 French compatriots from La Rochelle, France (Protestant Hospital Cemetery, 1765-1792)...
November 11, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859404/listen-to-the-band-how-sound-can-realize-group-identity-and-enact-intergroup-domination
#14
John Shayegh, John Drury, Clifford Stevenson
Recent research suggests that sound appraisal can be moderated by social identity. We validate this finding, and also extend it, by examining the extent to which sound can also be understood as instrumental in intergroup relations. We interviewed nine members of a Catholic enclave in predominantly Protestant East Belfast about their experiences of an outgroup (Orange Order) parade, where intrusive sound was a feature. Participants reported experiencing the sounds as a manifestation of the Orange Order identity and said that it made them feel threatened and anxious because they felt it was targeted at them by the outgroup (e...
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856387/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-staging-for-early-ovarian-cancer-a-case-matched-control-study
#15
V Gallotta, C Cicero, C Conte, G Vizzielli, M Petrillo, A Fagotti, V Chiantera, B Costantini, G Scambia, G Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the feasibility, surgical outcome and oncological results observed after robotic staging compared to conventional laparoscopic staging for patients with early-stage ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: 96 patients underwent minimally invasive staging for presumed stage I ovarian cancer: 32 underwent robotic approach (Cases), and 64 underwent laparoscopic approach (Controls)...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833193/sonnet-xxx-love-dignity-and-dying
#16
E Wesley Ely
All of us in medicine who care for patients who are chronically critically ill, dying of incurable illnesses, will be faced with discussions about the value of their lives and about the appropriateness of ongoing supportive care. Such discussions are good and true, and they must always be done within the context of the sanctity of every human life and the promise of God that we are His children, each and every one of us. In this article, I explore the end-of-life path of a patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the courageous faith that she demonstrated in the face of her illness...
May 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833186/special-issue-on-catholic-social-teaching-and-healthcare-reform
#17
Steven White, Paul Braaton, William V Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833180/justice-and-health-care-when-ordinary-is-extraordinary
#18
James McTavish
In some Asian countries, the poor are often denied access to health care. In the Philippines, we have thousands of Catholic doctors, Catholic nurses, even Catholic administrators, but not a Catholic, understood as "universal," healthcare system available to all. This is a scandal and places heavy emotional and financial burdens on many families who need to pay the healthcare costs of sick loved ones. The Church teaches the principles of ordinary and extraordinary care, with only the former being morally obligatory...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832773/assessment-of-drug-use-patterns-in-terms-of-the-who-patient-care-and-facility-indicators-at-four-hospitals-in-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Kassa Daka Gidebo, Temesgen Sidamo Summoro, Zewde Zema Kanche, Eskinder Wolka Woticha
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered care is now the goal for virtually all healthcare systems. The aim of this research was to evaluate the patient care quality in regard to drug dispensing in four hospitals in southern Ethiopia namely Wolaita Sodo University teaching and referral hospital (WSUTRH), Tercha zonal hospital (TZH), Sodo Christian hospital (SCH) and Dubo St. Mary's Catholic primary hospital (DSMCPH). METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted by using the WHO patient care and facility indicators between September 10 and October 20, 2014...
November 10, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822349/implementation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-endometrial-cancer-work-in-progress
#20
REVIEW
H N Sallam, N H Sallam
Human response to new developments regarding birth, death, marriage and divorce is largely shaped by religious beliefs. When assisted reproduction was introduced into medical practice in the last quarter of the twentieth century, it was fiercely attacked by some religious groups and highly welcomed by others. Today, assisted reproduction is accepted in nearly all its forms by Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism, although most Orthodox Jews refuse third party involvement. On the contrary assisted reproduction is totally unacceptable to Roman Catholicism, while Protestants, Anglicans, Coptic Christians and Sunni Muslims accept most of its forms, which do not involve gamete or embryo donation...
March 28, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
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