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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672700/systematic-bilateral-internal-mammary-artery-grafting-lessons-learned-from-the-catholic-university-extensive-bima-grafting-study
#1
Mario Gaudino, Franco Glieca, Nicola Luciani, Claudio Pragliola, Vasileios Tsiopoulos, Piergiorgio Bruno, Piero Farina, Giorgia Bonalumi, Natalia Pavone, Marialisa Nesta, Federico Cammertoni, Monica Munjal, Antonino Di Franco, Massimo Massetti
OBJECTIVES: Despite claims of feasibility, to date no study has examined the effect of systematic bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) use in a large cohort of real-world unselected patients. The CATHolic University EXtensive BIMA Grafting Study (CATHEXIS) registry was designed to assess the feasibility and safety of systematic BIMA grafting. METHODS: The CATHEXIS was a single-centre, prospective, observational, propensity-matched study. The study was supposed to include 2 arms of 500 patients each: a prospective arm and a retrospective arm...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627917/autosomal-short-tandem-repeat-variations-and-population-genetic-data-on-23-systems-in-seven-major-subpopulations-from-lebanon
#2
Ansar El Andari, Mira Khazzouh, Issam Mansour
Population allele frequency is an indicator of population genetic diversity and plays significant roles in DNA profiling interpretation in human identification, kinship, and forensic testing. The Lebanese population is a mosaic of 18 religious communities with high rates of consanguinity and endogamy. Allele frequencies for 23 STR loci were estimated and analyzed in the seven major Lebanese religious subcommunities (Muslims Shiaa, Sunni, and Druze, and Christians Orthodox, Maronite, and Catholics), to assess possible significant differences among their STR allele frequencies...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606141/-researchers-have-love-for-life-opportunities-and-barriers-to-engage-pregnant-women-in-malaria-research-in-post-ebola-liberia
#3
Guillermo Martínez Pérez, Christine K Tarr-Attia, Bondey Breeze-Barry, Adelaida Sarukhan, Dawoh Peter Lansana, Ana Meyer García-Sípido, Anna Rosés, María Maixenchs, Quique Bassat, Alfredo Mayor
BACKGROUND: Adoption of prevention and therapeutic innovations to ensure that National Malaria Control Programmes meet their incidence reduction targets is highly dependent on the conduct of rigorous clinical trials. In Liberia, malaria control virtually halted during the recent Ebola epidemic, and could enormously benefit from innovations to protect its most vulnerable populations, including pregnant women, against malaria. Health policy-planners could feel more inclined to adopt novel interventions with demonstrated safety and efficacy when trialled among their women population...
April 2, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602719/reincarnation-type-presentations-of-children-with-high-functioning-autism-in-sri-lanka
#4
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
Autism is characterised by impaired social communication and restricted repetitive behaviours. However, language and intelligence are spared in high-functioning individuals. The symptomatology is complex and culturally diverse. Buddhists and Hindus believe in rebirth and reincarnation type presentations in children are frequently seen among these populations. Here we describe three children from Sri Lanka claiming memories of their past lives and later diagnosed to have high-functioning autism. The first, a seven-year-old Buddhist believes he was killed by terrorists as a soldier in his previous life and attributed his birthmark to be an injury which caused death...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587975/astigmatic-correction-by-intrastromal-astigmatic-keratotomy-during-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-factors-in-outcomes
#5
Yong-Soo Byun, Seonjoo Kim, Marjorie Z Lazo, Mi-Hyun Choi, Min-Ji Kang, Jee-Hye Lee, Young-Sik Yoo, Woong-Joo Whang, Choun-Ki Joo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 6-month outcomes of femtosecond laser astigmatic keratotomy (AK) combined with femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery and identify factors affecting the efficacy of astigmatic correction. SETTING: Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Femtosecond laser AK was performed during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery...
February 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580309/harnessing-the-persuasive-power-of-narrative-science-storytelling-and-movie-censorship-1930-1968
#6
David A Kirby
Argument As the deficit model's failure leaves scientists searching for more effective communicative approaches, science communication scholars have begun promoting narrative as a potent persuasive tool. Narratives can help the public make choices by setting out a scientific issue's contexts, establishing the stakes involved, and offering potential solutions. However, employing narrative for persuasion risks embracing the same top-down communication approach underlying deficit model thinking. This essay explores the parallels between movie censorship and the current use of narrative to influence public opinion by examining how the Hays Office and the Catholic Legion of Decency responded to science in movies...
March 2018: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562824/competing-developmental-demands-among-suicide-bereaved-emerging-adults
#7
Jessica Mead
This qualitative group case study was ascertained to conceptualize theory on the topic of grief and emerging adulthood. A literature review proved no research to this specific experience. The aim of this study was to understand the suicide grief experience in this developmental stage. Based on the exploration of 150 suicide-bereaved emerging adults, participants in the Catholic Charities Young Adult Support Group expressed common themes related to the their unique grief experiences. Criterion sampling was used, as all these individuals voluntarily attended this group after losing a loved one to suicide...
January 1, 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551055/a-score-for-decision-making-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-with-multivessel-disease
#8
Hae Chang Jeong, Joon Ho Ahn, Min Chul Kim, Doo Sun Sim, Keun Ho Park, Young Joon Hong, Ju Han Kim, Myung Ho Jeong, Ki-Bae Seung, Kiyuk Chang, Youngkeun Ahn
Background/Aims: The optimal percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with multivessel disease (MVD) is uncertain. This study was designed to develop a novel and simple tool for assessing an individualized and optimized PCI strategy in AMI patients with MVD. Methods: In total, 5,025 patients with AMI from nine centers at two universities were enrolled in the prospective Convergent Registry of Catholic and Chonnam University for Acute Myocardial Infarction (COREA-AMI) registry from January 2004 through December 2009...
March 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549489/perspectives-on-multidrug-resistant-organisms-at-the-end-of-life-a-focus-group-study-of-staff-members-and-institutional-stakeholders
#9
Franziska A Herbst, Maria Heckel, Johanna M Tiedtke, Thomas Adelhardt, Alexander Sturm, Stephanie Stiel, Christoph Ostgathe
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of research into how hospital staff and institutional stakeholders (i. e. institutional representatives from public health authorities, hospital hygiene, and the departments of microbiology, palliative care, and geriatrics) engage with patients who are carriers of multidrug-resistant organisms and receiving end-of-life care. Knowledge of their experiences, workload, and needs should be considered in dealing with hospitalized carriers of multidrug-resistant organisms as well as staff education...
March 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529843/clinical-significance-of-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related-factor-2-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Wooho Ban, Hyeon Hui Kang, In Kyoung Kim, Jick Hwan Ha, Hyonsoo Joo, Jong Min Lee, Jeong Uk Lim, Sang Haak Lee, Chin Kook Rhee
Background/Aims: Several studies have identified a role for nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the relationship between the plasma Nrf2 level and the extent of systemic inflammation associated with COPD status remains unclear. Methods: Patients diagnosed with COPD were recruited from St. Paul's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, between July 2009 and May 2012. Patients were classified into two groups according to the severity of their symptoms on initial presentation, a COPD-stable group (n = 25) and a COPD-exacerbation group (n = 30)...
March 13, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528127/-a-disease-of-our-time-the-catholic-church-s-condemnation-and-absolution-of-psychoanalysis-1924-1975
#11
Renato Foschi, Marco Innamorati, Ruggero Taradel
The present paper is focused on the evolution of the position of the Catholic Church toward psychoanalysis. Even before Freud's The Future of an Illusion (1927), psychoanalysis was criticized by Catholic theologians. Psychoanalysis was viewed with either contempt or with indifference, but nonpsychoanalytic psychotherapy was accepted, especially for pastoral use. Freudian theory remained for most Catholics a delicate and dangerous subject for a long time. From the center to the periphery of the Vatican, Catholic positions against psychoanalysis have varied in the way that theological stances have varied...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514754/understanding-americans-abortion-attitudes-the-role-of-the-local-religious-context
#12
Amy Adamczyk, Margrét Valdimarsdóttir
Although abortion became legal over 40 years ago, Americans remain staunchly divided over its acceptability. Personal religious beliefs and behaviors have emerged as some of the most important factors shaping disapproval. Despite religion's importance, very little attention has been given to how the local religious context may shape views and abortion access. Using data from the General Social Survey (N = 6922) that has geographical identifiers, we examine the role of the local religious context for shaping attitudes and the presence of a county abortion clinic...
March 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498940/short-latency-positive-peak-following-n20-somatosensory-evoked-potential-is-superior-to-n20-in-predicting-neurologic-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#13
Sung Wook Kim, Joo Suk Oh, Jungtaek Park, Hyun Ho Jeong, Ji Hoon Kim, Jung Hee Wee, Sang Hoon Oh, Seung Pill Choi, Kyu Nam Park
OBJECTIVES: The absence of N20 somatosensory evoked potential after cardiac arrest is related to poor outcome. However, discrimination between the low-amplitude and the absence of N20 is challenging. P25 and P30 are short-latency positive peaks with latencies between 25 and 30 ms following N20 (P25/30). P25/30 is evident even with an ambiguous N20 in patients with good outcome. Therefore, we evaluated the predictive value of P25/30 after cardiac arrest. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study...
March 1, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489942/young-women-s-contraceptive-practices-a-household-survey-in-the-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#14
Julia Maria Olsen, Tania Di Giacomo Lago, Suzana Kalckmann, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves, Maria Mercedes Loureiro Escuder
The last decade has witnessed initiatives to expand access to contraceptives in Brazil. However, the last population-based study on contraception was undertaken in 2006. A household survey in 2015 investigated contraceptive practices in women 15 to 44 years of age living in the city of São Paulo. The current study selected data on young women 15 to 19 years of age. The objectives were to identify the prevalence of contraception, the contraceptives used, sources, and differences in contraceptive practices. The young women are part of a probabilistic study sample...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488855/critique-of-the-vatican-s-role-in-recent-child-protection-practice-a-brief-report
#15
Faisal Rashid, Ian Barron
The current report aims to clarify the practices and implicit intentions of the Holy See in addressing child sexual abuse (CSA) by clerics in the twenty-first century. Church investigation reports, United Nations reports, press coverage, and academic literature were explored to understand the relationship between Church intention and practice. Various types of literature highlight the Roman Catholic Church (RCC) as an organization that is self-referential and self-defensive, with the implicit aim of protecting the reputation of RCC at the expense of children...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468346/drivers-of-sexual-inactivity-among-women-living-with-hiv-and-aids-findings-of-the-genih-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
Adriana de Araujo Pinho, Regina Maria Barbosa, Sandra Brignol, Wilza Villela, Simone Souza Monteiro
The advances on HIV/AIDS diagnosis and treatment have enabled people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) better quality of life. However, the persistence of HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and the risks triggered by HIV disclosure, may be a barrier to the sexual exercise of PLHA. We investigated the prevalence of sexual inactivity and the reasons given for it among a representative sample of women of reproductive age living with HIV/AIDS (WLWHA) in the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil. We surveyed 918 WLWHA with probability proportional to average number of visits in each of the 18 referral HIV/AIDS services...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446050/coping-mechanisms-for-psychosomatic-symptoms-among-aging-roman-catholic-german-priests
#17
Carlos I Man-Ging, Eckhard Frick, Klaus Baumann
To identify and investigate coping mechanisms and other factors which may impact upon the psychosomatic symptoms of aging German Roman Catholic priests. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 499 aging German Roman Catholic priests with standardized questionnaires: Brief Symptom Inventory, Coping Inventory Stressful Situations, and Religious Coping Scale. Task-Oriented Coping exhibited a significant difference between the two groups. Multiple regression analyses indicated that psychosomatic symptoms could be best predicted by means of Task-Oriented Coping mechanisms, identification with priesthood, and by a low Negative Religious Coping...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439065/protocol-for-a-prospective-school-based-standardisation-study-of-a-digital-social-skills-assessment-tool-for-children-the-paediatric-evaluation-of-emotions-relationships-and-socialisation-peers-study
#18
Emma J Thompson, Miriam H Beauchamp, Simone J Darling, Stephen J C Hearps, Amy Brown, George Charalambous, Louise Crossley, David Darby, Julian J Dooley, Mardee Greenham, Mohinder Jaimangal, Skye McDonald, Frank Muscara, Lyn Turkstra, Vicki A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Humans are by nature a social species, with much of human experience spent in social interaction. Unsurprisingly, social functioning is crucial to well-being and quality of life across the lifespan. While early intervention for social problems appears promising, our ability to identify the specific impairments underlying their social problems (eg, social communication) is restricted by a dearth of accurate, ecologically valid and comprehensive child-direct assessment tools...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432568/cellulite-a-surgical-treatment-approach
#19
Carlos Oscar Uebel, Pedro Salomao Piccinini, Alessandra Martinelli, Daniela Feijó Aguiar, Renato Franz Matta Ramos
Background: Cellulite is one of the most common skin and subcutaneous tissue conditions, affecting predominantly the thighs and hips in post-adolescent women. Its etiology is not well defined, and multiple available treatments show variable efficacy. Objective: To describe a technique for treatment of cellulite of the gluteal region, thighs, and hips through superficial liposuction utilizing a special cannula, combined with subcutaneous autologous fat grafting. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients treated over 26 years at the Hospital São Lucas, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil...
February 8, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420408/catholic-health-care-and-women-s-health
#20
Maryam Guiahi
Catholic health care facilities account for approximately one sixth of the U.S. health care market, have recently demonstrated successful growth, and serve as the only local hospital in certain remote locations. The Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services is a set of guidelines created and revised by church leaders that applies the church's teaching, particularly as it relates to concern for human dignity, to modern-day medical practice; all Catholic health care facilities and providers within these facilities are required to abide...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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