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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807640/rogue-nuns-grow-services-to-combat-growing-problems
#1
Loring Leifer
This paper tells the story of how an experiment in caring for the children of poor, working mothers became a multimillion-dollar early learning center. It follows the evolution of two nuns who began providing day care in a church and came to realize that children living in poverty need a much greater range of services. It covers how the sisters broke with the Catholic Church and engaged alternative and unorthodox sources to help the operation survive and to extend its reach. It documents how far the sisters went to keep the doors open and how they sustained success...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801414/transformation-of-mortality-in-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-community-a-retrospective-observational-study
#2
Wendy E Hoy, Susan Anne Mott, Beverly June McLeod
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in ages and causes of death in a remote-living Australian Aboriginal group over a recent 50-year period. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study, from 1960 to 2010, of deaths and people starting dialysis, using data from local clinic, parish, dialysis and birthweight registers. SETTING: A remote island community in the Top End of Australia's Northern Territory, where a Catholic mission was established in 1911...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795309/religious-identity-and-health-inequalities-in-canada
#3
Maryam Dilmaghani
In the past few decades, most new immigrants to Canada have originated from non-Christian countries. During the same period, the unaffiliation rates have sharply increased in Canada. This paper investigates whether there are any health inequalities associated with religious identity, including also the individuals who do not identify with organized religion in the analysis. The study uses the Canadian General Social Survey of 2012 (N = 23,093), focused on Caregiving and Care-receiving. Employing multivariate regression analysis and controlling for a large set of characteristics inclusive of the degree of religious commitment, individuals who identify as Protestant are found at a physical and mental health advantage, compared with Roman Catholics and most other groups...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780153/the-catholic-taste-of-broad-tapeworms-multiple-routes-to-human-infection
#4
Andrea Waeschenbach, Jan Brabec, Tomáš Scholz, D Timothy J Littlewood, Roman Kuchta
Broad tapeworms (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidea) are the principal agents of widespread food-borne cestodosis. Diphyllobothriosis and diplogonoporosis, caused by members of the genera Diphyllobothrium, Diplogonoporus and Adenocephalus, are the most common fish cestodoses with an estimated 20 million people infected worldwide, and has seen recent (re)emergences in Europe due to the increasing popularity of eating raw or undercooked fish. Sparganosis is a debilitating and potentially lethal disease caused by the larvae of the genus Spirometra, which occurs throughout much of the (sub)tropics and is caused by the consumption of raw snakes and frogs, and drinking water contaminated by infected copepods...
August 2, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771095/educators-observations-of-children-s-display-of-problematic-sexual-behaviors-in-educational-settings
#5
Lesley-Anne Ey, Elspeth McInnes
It is widely recognized that children are sexual beings and their sexual development begins at an early age. Recently, there has been some concern about children's sexual behavior in educational settings (Knowles 2014). Obtaining a better understanding of what behaviors children are displaying in these settings provides valuable information to inform teacher education in this area as well as support systems for children. One hundred and seven Australian educators from care organizations, preschools, and government, independent, and Catholic primary schools participated in an extensive online questionnaire in relation to their understanding of and experiences with children's problematic sexual behaviors and their management strategies...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769854/authenticity-and-subjective-wellbeing-within-the-context-of-a-religious-organization
#6
Antonio Ariza-Montes, Gabriele Giorgi, Antonio Leal-Rodríguez, Jesús Ramírez-Sobrino
Although authenticity has a long history as a philosophical and psychological idea, this concept has received scarce attention in the business literature until very lately. Nevertheless, scholars belonging to a broad array of disciplines have pointed out the escalation in the individuals' search for authenticity within developed societies. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to assess the link between authenticity and subjective wellbeing within the rarely explored context of faith-driven organizations, where the management of emotions attains a particular significance...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768700/randomised-clinical-simulation-designed-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-telemedicine-using-google-glass-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr
#7
Nuria Pérez Alonso, Manuel Pardo Rios, Laura Juguera Rodriguez, Tomas Vera Catalan, Francisca Segura Melgarejo, Belen Lopez Ayuso, Carolina Martínez Riquelme, Joaquin Lasheras Velasco
AIM: Through a clinical simulation, this study aims to assess the effect of telematics support through Google Glass (GG) from an expert physician on performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by a group of nurses, as compared with a control group of nurses receiving no assistance. METHODS: This was a randomised study carried out at the Catholic University of Murcia (November 2014-February 2015). Nursing professionals from the Emergency Medical Services in Murcia (Spain) were asked to perform in a clinical simulation of cardiac arrest...
August 2, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766248/roman-catholic-priests-as-referral-sources-and-treatment-aides-for-hispanics-with-substance-misuse-abuse-problems
#8
Mary Cuadrado
This self-administered mail survey study, conducted along the USA-Mexico border, examines Roman Catholic Priests' involvement in aiding Hispanic individuals with substance abuse problems. The Priests were found to be highly involved or willing to be involved in: (1) participating in juramentos (pledge usually to Virgin of Guadalupe, with Priest as witness, to temporarily abstain from substance use), (2) providing referrals, and (3) working with family and/or treatment resources in the community in order to help the person seeking their help...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766079/lawful-sinners-reproductive-governance-and-moral-agency-around-abortion-in-mexico
#9
Elyse Ona Singer
The Catholic Hierarchy unequivocally bans abortion, defining it as a mortal sin. In Mexico City, where the Catholic Church wields considerable political and popular power, abortion was recently decriminalized in a historic vote. Of the roughly 170,000 abortions that have been carried out in Mexico City's new public sector abortion program to date, more than 60% were among self-reported Catholic women. Drawing on eighteen months of fieldwork, including interviews with 34 Catholic patients, this article examines how Catholic women in Mexico City grapple with abortion decisions that contravene Church teachings in the context of recent abortion reform...
August 1, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764668/liquor-licences-issued-to-australian-schools
#10
Bernadette M Ward, Rebecca Kippen, Geoffrey Munro, Penny Buykx, Nyanda McBride, John Wiggers, Madeline Clark
BACKGROUND: Children's positive socialisation to alcohol is associated with early initiation of drinking and alcohol-related harm in adult life. Internationally, there have been reports of adults' alcohol consumption at school events in the presence of children. The aim of this research was to identify the conditions under which Australian schools are required to apply for a liquor licence and the associated prevalence of liquor licences for these events where children were likely to be present...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759895/assessing-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-provider-initiated-hiv-testing-and-counseling-in-ghana
#11
Zachary Tabb, Kathleen Moriarty, Madeleine W Schrier, Ebenezer Amekah, Timothy P Flanigan, Margaret Lartey
t In Ghana, HIV voluntary counseling and testing remains poorly utilized. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended opt-out, provider-initiated testing and counseling (PITC) in order to increase utilization and earlier intervention. Yet implementation challenges remain in resource-scarce settings. This study sought to better understand the dynamics of providing PITC at Apam Catholic Hospital, a district referral hospital in Ghana. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with healthcare providers and patients exploring attitudes regarding PITC, community stigma, and HIV knowledge...
August 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757501/playing-god-testing-modeling-and-imitating-blood-miracles-in-eighteenth-century-europe
#12
Francesco Paolo De Ceglia
In the late Middle Ages, rumors began to spread throughout Europe regarding blood miracles associated with the relics of martyrs. Centuries-old blood, pulverized or solidified and black in color, was said to return to its original bright red color, or else to liquefy or bubble under certain circumstances or on certain dates in the liturgical calendar. With the Reformation, in Protestant countries most of these relics were either destroyed or forgotten. In Catholic countries, on the contrary, blood miracles multiplied, reaching a peak between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757488/the-greatest-metaphor-ever-mixed-gold-in-the-british-bible-1750-1850
#13
Timothy Alborn
Given the frequency of negative references to gold in British allusions to filthy lucre, it emerges as an historical puzzle that Britons resorted to biblical metaphors of gold so often in describing heaven and their aspiration to be purified in God's crucible. This article provides evidence for the prominence of these two metaphors in British religious and secular discourse between 1750 and 1850, and argues that Britons tried to resolve the resulting tensions by celebrating their uniquely abstract valuation of gold, in contrast to less "civilized" connotations of gold in Catholic and non-Christian cultures...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757484/-scholasticism-is-a-daughter-of-judaism-the-discovery-of-jewish-influence-on-medieval-christian-thought
#14
George Y Kohler
This article retells the surprising discovery of a considerable Jewish influence on Christian scholasticism in the Middle Ages. While most students of Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas knew that both had read Jewish philosophy, only the rediscovery of especially Maimonides's Guide of the Perplexed by Jewish philosophers in the nineteenth century showed the whole extent of the scholastics' dependence on Jewish predecessors - especially where they do not refer to them specifically. This Jewish discovery naturally faced Catholic resistance, if not denial, and turns thus into an interesting chapter in the history of theological ideas...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747962/factors-related-to-the-diagnostic-yield-of-flexible-bronchoscopy-without-guidance-in-bronchoscopically-invisible-peripheral-lung-lesions
#15
Hye Seon Kang, Jick Hwan Ha, Hyeon Hui Kang, Chang Dong Yeo, Chin Kook Rhee, Sung Kyoung Kim, Hwa Sik Moon, Sang Haak Lee
BACKGROUND: We aimed to analyze the factors predicting the diagnostic performance of flexible bronchoscopy without guidance in peripheral lung lesions that are endoscopically invisible. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted in St. Paul's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, between January 2007 and March 2013. We included all patients who received bronchoscopy during this period. The analyzed variables were age, sex, the etiology of the lesion, lesion size, distance from the pleura, and presence of the bronchus sign...
July 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733726/enhancing-capacity-among-faith-based-organizations-to-implement-evidence-based-cancer-control-programs-a-community-engaged-approach
#16
Bryan Leyva, Jennifer D Allen, Hosffman Ospino, Laura S Tom, Rosalyn Negrón, Richard Buesa, Maria Idalí Torres
Evidence-based interventions (EBIs) to promote cancer control among Latinos have proliferated in recent years, though adoption and implementation of these interventions by faith-based organizations (FBOs) is limited. Capacity building may be one strategy to promote implementation. In this qualitative study, 18 community key informants were interviewed to (a) understand existing capacity for health programming among Catholic parishes, (b) characterize parishes' resource gaps and capacity-building needs implementing cancer control EBIs, and (c) elucidate strategies for delivering capacity-building assistance to parishes to facilitate implementation of EBIs...
July 21, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731550/food-allergy-in-schools-the-importance-of-government-involvement
#17
Tanya Lawlis, Sarah Bakonyi, Lauren T Williams
AIM: Children have the highest rates of food-related allergic reactions. While 85% of children outgrow allergies including cow's milk and eggs by five years of age, allergies to peanuts and seafood continue into adulthood. The school setting poses a high-risk environment for allergen exposure. The aim of the present study was to examine the availability, drivers and communication of school food allergy awareness and management policies/guidelines in one Australian education jurisdiction...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724163/-how-active-is-the-catholic-church-in-the-prevention-of-sexual-abuse-preliminary-results-of-the-mhg-study
#18
Harald Dreßing, Dieter Dölling, Dieter Hermann, Barbara Horten, Alexandra Collong, Andreas Kruse, Eric Schmitt, Jörg Hinner, Britta Bannenberg, Andreas Hoell, Elke Voss, Hans Joachim Salize
Objective A subproject of the study "Sexual abuse of minors by Catholic priests and deacons in the authority of the German Bishops' conference" deals with aspects of prevention. Method Structured questions were used to record objective data on preventive work. The questionnaire was completed in all 27 dioceses of Germany. Results The average hourly rate available for the work of the prevention officers is about 30 hours per week. At the end of 2014, 59 % of clerics were involved in preventive training. The temporal extent of prevention training differs greatly between individual dioceses...
July 19, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724150/pregnancy-options-counseling-and-abortion-referrals-among-us-primary-care-physicians-results-from-a-national-survey
#19
Kelsey Holt, Elizabeth Janiak, Marie C McCormick, Ellice Lieberman, Christine Dehlendorf, Sandhya Kajeepeta, Jacquelyn M Caglia, Ana Langer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care physicians (PCPs) can play a critical role in addressing unintended pregnancy through high-quality options counseling and referrals. METHODS: We surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,000 PCPs in general, family, and internal medicine on practices and opinions related to options counseling for unintended pregnancy. We assessed predictors of physician practices using multivariable logistic regression weighted for sampling design and differential non-response...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721642/a-social-responsibility-guide-for-engineering-students-and-professionals-of-all-faith-traditions-an-overview
#20
Vito L Punzi
The development of the various themes of Catholic Social Teaching (CST) is based on numerous papal documents and ecclesiastical statements. While this paper provides a summary of a number of these documents, this paper focuses on two themes: the common good and care of the environment, and on three documents authored by Pope John Paul II in 1990, by Pope Benedict XVI in 2010, and by Pope Francis in 2015. By analyzing these documents from an engineer's perspective, the author proposes a model for Socially Responsible Engineering...
July 18, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
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