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Eosinophillic Mastitis

Aminder Singh, Pavneet Kaur, Neena Sood, Harpreet Puri, Bhavna Garg
We are reporting a case of bilateral eosinophilic mastitis which is rare and hardly heard. It is a mimicker of carcinoma breast both clinically & radiologically. A 30 years old non diabetic female presented with bilateral breast lumps with history of rhinitis off & on and peripheral eosinophilia. Mammography was suspicious while ultrasonography was diagnostic of bilateral mastitis. Aspiration cytology exhibited inflammatory lesion rich in eosinophils. Histopathology revealed the diagnosis of eosinophilic mastitis...
2015: Breast Disease
M Garg, S Kumar, S Neogi
We report the sixth case of Eosinophilic Mastitis, presenting similarly enough to be confused with breast carcinoma. A 50 year old lady presented with a six month history of progressively enlarging asymptomatic breast lump, cough and breathlessness. Clinical examination, mammography and axillary lymphadenopathy suggested malignant disease. Ronchi were heard on chest auscultation. Needle cytology was twice inconclusive and Tru-cut biopsy showed acute on chronic inflammation. Blood investigations revealed significant peripheral eosinophilia...
2012: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
C Dannepond, E Le Fourn, A de Muret, L Ouldamer, D Carmier, L Machet
BACKGROUND: Churg-Strauss syndrome often involves the skin, and this may sometimes reveal the disease. OBSERVATION: A 25-year-old woman was referred to a gynaecologist for inflammation of the right breast with breast discharge. Cytological analysis of the liquid showed numerous inflammatory cells, particularly polymorphonuclear eosinophils and neutrophils. Ultrasound examination of the breast was consistent with galactophoritis. CRP was normal, and hypereosinophilia was seen...
January 2014: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Linda Tomasinsig, Barbara Skerlavaj, Michele Scarsini, Filomena Guida, Renata Piccinini, Alessandro Tossi, Margherita Zanetti
The yeast-like algae of the genus Prototheca are ubiquitous saprophytes causing infections in immunocompromised patients and granulomatous mastitis in cattle. Few available therapies and the rapid spread of resistant strains worldwide support the need for novel drugs against protothecosis. Host defence antimicrobial peptides inactivate a wide array of pathogens and are a rich source of leads, with the advantage of being largely unaffected by microbial resistance mechanisms. Three structurally diverse bovine peptides [BMAP-28, Bac5 and lingual antimicrobial peptide (LAP)] have thus been tested for their capacity to inactivate Prototheca spp...
February 2012: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
E J van der Molen, G Grootenhuis
Summary A field case of mastitis in cows, caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae var. bovis, formed the occasion to conduct an infection experiment. Five lactating heifers were infected in the udder at different times. The cows were slaughtered 2, 5, 7, 9 and 12 days p. i. and the pathological changes were studied. The investigation indicated that the pathological picture differed with time: in the acute stage, the inflammation was characterized by exudation of mostly eosinophils in the alveoli; later on, the mastitis was identified by an interstitial reaction with eosinophils and mononuclear cells, including plasma cells and lymphocytes; in the chronic stage, progressive fibroplasia around ductuli and alveoli, with hypertrophy of alveolar epithelium, was characteristic...
July 1979: Veterinary Quarterly
Maribel Lacambra, Tu Anh Thai, Christopher C F Lam, Alex M C Yu, Huong Thien Pham, Phuong Viet The Tran, Bonita K B Law, Thanh Van Nguyen, Dung Xuan Pham, Gary M Tse
BACKGROUND: The management of granulomatous mastitis depends on the causative factor, and accurate diagnosis in distinguishing between idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) and tuberculous mastitis (TBM) is indispensable. This is particularly problematic in the cases of granulomatous mastitis in which the microbiological studies are negative. In this study, in a large cohort, the histological features for IGM and TBM were compared. METHODS: The histopathology files from the two participating hospitals were searched for cases of granulomatous inflammation of the breast over an 8-year period...
May 2011: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Gerardo F Quiroz-Rocha, Stephen J LeBlanc, Todd F Duffield, Darren Wood, Ken E Leslie, Robert M Jacobs
Since dairy cows during the transition period have multiple endocrine and metabolic changes, it is necessary to determine the reference limits of laboratory analytes in normal transition cows. Reference limits for the weeks before and after calving were determined in dairy cows. Animals that had adverse clinical outcomes after calving and cows that were culled or had mastitis within the first 7 days after calving were excluded. All biochemical analytes (beta-hydroxybutyrate, fatty acids, glucose, cholesterol, urea, calcium, and phosphorus) were statistically different between precalving and postcalving groups...
April 2009: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
N Bolca Topal, U Topal, G Gokalp, O Saraydaroglu
In this report a case with eosinophilic mastitis is described. The non specific radiologic findings of eosinophilic mastitis are illustrated. Diagnosis was established by histopathological exam of needle biopsy material. Knowledge of this rare entity may be helpful in diagnosis and clinical management.
May 2007: JBR-BTR: Organe de la Société Royale Belge de Radiologie (SRBR)
Ruby Cooray, Karin Persson Waller, Per Venge
Haptoglobin (Hp) is a plasma protein with haemoglobin binding capacity important in maintaining the iron homeostasis and in disease processes influenced by iron metabolism. In cattle Hp is one of the major acute phase proteins, and increases rapidly during infectious disease. At acute clinical mastitis in dairy cows the Hp concentration increases markedly both in blood and milk. Hepatocytes are considered to be the main origin of Hp, but expression of Hp mRNA has also been found in the mammary gland and leukocytes in healthy cattle...
October 15, 2007: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Laura J Hindle, Rachel Gitau, Suzanne M Filteau, Katie J Newens, David Osrin, Anthony M Costello, Andrew M Tomkins, Anjana Vaidya, Raj Kumar Mahato, Birendra Yadav, Dharma S Manandhar
BACKGROUND: Multiple micronutrient supplementation of Nepalese women during pregnancy is associated with a significant increase in birth weight. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that improved birth weight in infants of mothers supplemented with micronutrients is associated with a decrease in inflammatory responses and an increase in the production of T helper 1 cells and T helper 2 cells. DESIGN: The study was embedded in a randomized controlled trial of 15 micronutrients, compared with iron-folate supplementation (control), given during pregnancy with the aim of increasing birth weight...
November 2006: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
K Holtenius, K Persson Waller, B Essén-Gustavsson, P Holtenius, C Hallén Sandgren
The objective of this study was to determine whether there were differences in metabolic parameters and blood leukocyte profiles between cows in herds with high or low yearly mastitis incidence. In this study, 271 cows from 20 high yielding dairy herds were examined. According to the selection criteria, all herds had low somatic cell counts. Ten of the selected herds represented low mastitis treatment incidence (LMI) and ten herds had high mastitis treatment incidence (HMI). The farms were visited once and blood samples were taken from each cow that was in the interval from three weeks before to 15 weeks after parturition...
July 2004: Veterinary Journal
Hideki Miyano, Makoto Haritani, Hiroshi Sentsui, Takamitsu Tsuboi, Nobuhiko Tanimura, Kumiko M Kimura, Masaru Kobayashi, Naoki Obara, Yuzuru Akimoto
Intranuclear eosinophilic inclusion bodies were seen in the lactiferous duct and sinus epithelium of mammary tissues collected from a cow with clinical mastitis. Transmission electron microscopy revealed herpesvirus particles in these cells. Immunolabeling against anti bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) rabbit serum was detected in nuclei that had intranuclear inclusion bodies. In addition, BHV-4 was isolated from the mammary tissue. The viral DNA was detected by nested PCR from the same tissue. This is the first report to describe mammary lesions in association with BHV-4...
April 2004: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Ian K Komenaka, Freya R Schnabel, Jason A Cohen, Anjali Saqi, Cecilia Mercado, Elizabeth Horowitz, Diane Hamele-Bena, Kathie-Ann Joseph
Systemic diseases rarely present with manifestations in the breast. Disorders such as sarcoidosis and pyoderma gangrenosum have been described to produce signs and symptoms in the breast. Peripheral eosinophilia is a systemic disease associated with a finite group of conditions including asthma, allergic or atopic disease, collagen vascular disease, and parasitic infection. In addition it has been described in association with several malignancies. A 50-year-old woman with a history of asthma and significant eosinophilia presented with an enlarging breast mass...
July 2003: American Surgeon
Virtudes Villalba-Nuño, Josep M Sabaté, Antonio Gómez, Antonio Vidaller, Isabel Català, Agustín Escobedo, Sofía Torrubia
Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare immunoallergic disorder that usually affects lungs, skin and nervous system. The clinical and radiological findings of Churg-Strauss disease involving the breast are reported and attention is drawn to the fact that, although uncommonly, the breast can be involved by immunological diseases.
March 2002: European Radiology
H J Schuberth, C Krueger, H Zerbe, E Bleckmann, W Leibold
Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen for cattle, causing various forms of subclinical and clinical mastitis. Two groups of virulence factors (leukotoxins and superantigens) are supposed to play an important role in the initiation and/or the exacerbation of this disease. In order to detect all known and putative members of leukotoxins and SAgs (superantigens), we tested secreted factors of different S. aureus isolates in flow cytometry-based assays. Isolates were sampled from 68 cows of different farms and cultured for 24h in vitro...
September 20, 2001: Veterinary Microbiology
M A Miller, W H Fales, J W Tyler, W K Suedmeyer
Pertinent necropsy findings in a 5 1/2-year-old Scottish Highland steer with chronic intractable pneumonia and cough were limited to the pulmonary system. The accessory lobe of the lung was collapsed, scarred, and multifocally adhered to parietal pleura. A polypoid mass almost completely obstructed the lobar bronchus and protruded into the trachea; mucopurulent exudate distended more distal bronchi. Botryomycosis was diagnosed when histologic examination revealed pyogranulomatous pneumonia with eosinophilic granules and "club" formation surrounding colonies of gram-positive cocci...
January 2001: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
J Barnouin, M Chassagne
Holstein heifers from 47 dairy herds in France were enrolled in a field study to determine predictors for clinical mastitis within the first month of lactation. Precalving and calving variables (biochemical, hematological, hygienic, and disease indicators) were collected. Early clinical mastitis (ECM) predictive variables were analyzed by using a multiple logistic regression model (99 cows with ECM vs. 571 without clinical mastitis throughout the first lactation). Two variables were associated with a higher risk of ECM: a) difficult calving and b) medium and high white blood cell (WBC) counts in late gestation...
January 2001: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
M Morgante, D Beghelli, M Pauselli, P Dall'Ara, M Capuccella, S Ranucci
The effect of parenteral administration of two subcutaneous injections of vitamin E and Se (5 mg and 0.1 mg/kg of body weight, respectively) during the dry period on the mammary health and milk somatic cell counts of 25 dairy ewes was investigated. Supplementation reduced somatic cell counts (5.4 vs. 6.0 log10) during the subsequent lactation but had no effect on the incidence of clinical mastitis (4% vs. 6%) and intramammary infections (9.0% vs. 11.3%). Furthermore, the administration of vitamin E and Se was associated with differences in differential cell counts of milk samples (macrophages, 48...
March 1999: Journal of Dairy Science
M A Moreira, R de Freitas Júnior, B B Gerais
BACKGROUND: Sparganosis is not a common disease, and its rarity makes it difficult to distinguish from others. Close examination of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) samples, however, can aid in histologic examination of the lesion. CASE: A 64-year-old female, born and raised in a rural area in the state of Goiás, Brazil, presented with a relatively mobile and hard lump in the lower inner quadrant of the right breast. It was initially diagnosed as granulomatous mastitis, but cytologic examination of the surgical specimen revealed a sparganum larva, also revealed by anterior FNAB...
May 1997: Acta Cytologica
F Atroshi, J Parantainen, S Sankari, M Järvinen, L A Lindberg, H Saloniemi
The following blood constituents were measured in the blood and/or serum from healthy and mastitic cows: lipid peroxides (LPO), alkaline phosphatase (AP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), urea, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cyclic AMP (cAMP), electrolytes (Na, K), white blood cells (WBC), haemoglobin (Hb), haematocrit, eosinophils, and electrical conductivity. The levels of these blood variables, excluding GSH-Px, erythrocytes variables and conductivity, were higher in mastitic than in healthy animals...
1996: Veterinary Research
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