keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Femur

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328823/a-case-report-of-pycnodysostosis-with-atypical-femur-fracture-diagnosed-by-next-generation-sequencing-of-candidate-genes
#1
Hyung Keun Song, Young Bae Sohn, Yong Jun Choi, Yoon-Sok Chung, Ja-Hyun Jang
RATIONALE: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by short stature, craniofacial dysmorphism, acro-osteolysis, osteosclerosis, and brittle bone with poor healing. Pycnodysostosis results from the deficient activity of cathepsin K, a lysosomal cysteine protease that is encoded by CTSK. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a Korean adult patient with pycnodysostosis and atypical femur fracture whose diagnosis was confirmed by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of candidate genes...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328732/reliable-method-for-avoiding-malrotation-deformity-after-intramedullary-nailing-of-comminuted-femur-fractures-clinical-validation-of-a-previously-described-technique
#2
Ashoke Sathy, Jonathan C Barnwell, Sean N Shahrestani, Daniel Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a previously described technique using the inherent anteversion of intramedullary nail (IMN) to avoid malrotation in comminuted femur fractures and describe the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an alternative method for assessing postoperative femoral version. DESIGN: Prospective consecutive cohort study. SETTING: Level I trauma center. PATIENT/PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five consecutive patients with comminuted femur fractures (Winquist III/IV, OTA/AO 32-B/32-C) treated by a single surgeon with IMN between September 1, 2011, and February 28, 2015...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328561/does-orientation-of-the-femoral-head-affect-acetabular-development-an-experimental-study-in-lamb
#3
Luis Moraleda, Christian Bravo, Francisco Forriol, Javier Albiñana
BACKGROUND: Derotational osteotomy of the proximal femur has proved to be effective in the treatment of residual acetabular dysplasia. However, the reason why this osteotomy is effective remains debatable. The purpose of this study is to investigate if an alteration of femoral head orientation affects acetabular growth. METHODS: A proximal femoral osteotomy was performed in 21 lambs aged 3 months: 5 varus osteotomies (110 degrees), 4 valgus osteotomies (150 degrees), and 12 derotation osteotomies...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327171/the-association-of-time-and-medications-with-changes-in-bone-mineral-density-in-the-2%C3%A2-years-after-critical-illness
#4
Neil R Orford, Michael Bailey, Rinaldo Bellomo, Julie A Pasco, Claire Cattigan, Tania Elderkin, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, David J Cooper, Mark A Kotowicz
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is associated with increased risk of fragility fracture and loss of bone mineral density (BMD), although the impact of medication exposures (bone anti-fracture therapy or glucocorticoids) and time remain unexplored. The objective of this study was to describe the association of time after ICU admission, and post-ICU administration of bone anti-fracture therapy or glucocorticoids after critical illness, with change in BMD. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, conducted in a tertiary hospital ICU, we studied adult patients requiring mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours and measured BMD annually for 2 years after ICU discharge...
March 21, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326420/proximal-femoral-reconstruction-for-failed-internal-fixation-of-a-bisphosphonate-related-femur-fracture
#5
Rishabh G Jethanandani, Chima Nwankwo, Philip R Wolinsky, Mauro Giordani, Derek F Amanatullah
We present a case of a bisphosphonate-related femur fracture in an elderly woman, who failed treatment with both cephalomedullary nail and proximal femoral locking plate, leading to successful treatment with total hip arthroplasty. Hardware failure should be included in the differential of patients with previous internal fixation of bisphosphonate-related femur fracture that present with hip or groin pain. Arthroplasty can be an acceptable salvage option in an active elderly patient with a bisphosphonate-related femur fracture...
December 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326353/in-vitro-osteogenic-capacity-of-bone-marrow-mscs-from-postmenopausal-women-reflect-the-osseointegration-of-their-cementless-hip-stems
#6
Jessica J Alm, Niko Moritz, Hannu T Aro
Age-related dysfunction of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) is suggested as a main cause of altered bone repair with aging. We recently showed that in postmenopausal women undergoing cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) aging, low bone mineral density (BMD) and age-related geometric changes of the proximal femur are risk factors for increased early migration and delayed osseointegration of the femoral stems. Extending these analyses, we have here explored how the in vitro osteogenic capacity of bone marrow MSCs from these patients reflects implant osseointegration, representing the patient's in vivo bone healing capacity...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326351/effects-of-low-dose-ibuprofen-supplementation-and-resistance-training-on-bone-and-muscle-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Whitney R D Duff, Saija A Kontulainen, Darren G Candow, Julianne J Gordon, Riley S Mason, Regina Taylor-Gjevre, Bindu Nair, Michael Szafron, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Gordon A Zello, Philip D Chilibeck
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of nine months of exercise training and ibuprofen supplementation (given immeditately after exercise sessions) on bone and muscle in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized trial, participants (females: n = 90, mean age 64.8, SD 4.3 years) were assigned (computer generated, double blind) to receive supervised resistance training or stretching 3 days/week, and ibuprofen (400 mg, post-exercise) or placebo (i...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326303/current-role-and-application-of-teriparatide-in-fracture-healing-of-osteoporotic-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
Sang-Min Kim, Kyung-Chung Kang, Ji Wan Kim, Seung-Jae Lim, Myung Hoon Hahn
BACKGROUND: The use of osteoanabolic agents to facilitate fracture healing has been of heightened interest to the field of orthopaedic trauma. This study aimed to evaluate the evidence of teriparatide for fracture healing and functional recovery in osteoporotic patients. METHODS: We performed a literature search in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library using terms including "Fracture" [tiab] AND "Teriparatide [tiab] OR "PTH" [tiab]. RESULTS: This systematic review included 6 randomized clinical trials, 4 well-controlled retrospective studies, and 1 retrospective post hoc subgroup analysis...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326299/the-association-between-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-dhea-s-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-men-and-women
#9
Seung-Gun Park, Sena Hwang, Jong-Suk Kim, Kyung-Chae Park, Yuri Kwon, Kyong-Chol Kim
BACKGROUND: The relationship between dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and bone mineral density (BMD) is controversial. And findings of most studies that have investigated this relationship are restricted to postmenopausal women. In this study, we investigated the relationship between serum DHEA-S and BMD in both men and women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated a total of 294 healthy Korean participants through a medical examination program. And a subgroup of 154 participants was subjected to a longitudinal analysis...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325693/surgical-technique-and-clinical-outcomes-of-retrograde-osteochondral-autograft-transfer-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-tibial-plateau
#10
Hiromitsu Yabumoto, Yasuaki Nakagawa, Shogo Mukai, Takahiko Saji, Takashi Nakamura
PURPOSE: To present the surgical technique, clinical outcomes, and poor prognostic factors of arthroscopic retrograde osteochondral autograft transfer of the tibial plateau. METHODS: Twelve patients (6 men, 6 women; mean age, 38.7 years) with tibial plateau osteochondral lesions underwent surgery. The primary diseases were osteonecrosis in 4 cases, cartilage injuries in 6, and postfractures of the tibial plateau in 2. Clinical outcomes were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively according to the International Knee Documentation Committee score and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association score...
March 18, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325670/neck-of-femur-fractures-in-the-elderly-does-every-hour-to-surgery-count
#11
Natasha Morrissey, Efthymios Iliopoulos, Ahmad Wais Osmani, Kevin Newman
OBJECTIVES: To determine if early surgery before 12h confers a survival or length of stay benefit for patients with neck of femur (NOF) fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. SETTING: District general hospital. PATIENTS: 1913 patients aged over 60 admitted with a fractured NOF who underwent surgery between 2011 and 2015. Mean age was 83.9 years. 73.7% were female. INTERVENTION: Patients had surgery for fractured NOF with data collected on demographics, mortality and length of stay...
March 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324752/vertical-ground-reaction-force-during-standing-and-walking-are-they-related-to-bone-mineral-density-left-right-asymmetries
#12
Marina Brozgol, Mira Arbiv, Anat Mirelman, Talia Herman, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Nachum Vaisman
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that is characterized by reduced bone mass, deterioration of bone tissue and skeletal fragility. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether asymmetrical femur bone mineral density (BMD) is associated with asymmetrical gait and standing. We compared measures of gait and standing asymmetry in subjects with (n=38) and without (n=11) significant left-right differences in BMD. Participants walked for 72m at their comfortable speed and stood quietly for 60s while outfitted with pressure-sensitive insoles...
March 7, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324248/incorporation-of-flaxseed-flour-as-a-dietary-source-for-ala-increases-bone-density-and-strength-in-post-partum-female-rats
#13
Danielle Cavalcante Ribeiro, Aline D'Avila Pereira, Fernanda Carvalho de Santana, Jorge Mancini-Filho, Eduardo Moreira da Silva, Carlos Alberto Soares da Costa, Gilson Teles Boaventura
In women, bone mass undergoes changes during pregnancy and the postpartum period, which has a risk for subsequent development of osteoporosis. Thus, the present study aims to evaluate the effects of flaxseed flour in femur quality during post-weaning of dam rats. After weaning, the rats were divided into control (C, n = 7) and experimental (F, n = 7) groups treated with a diet containing 25 g of flaxseed flour in the lactating period and 15 g in the maintenance period. After 51 days post-partum, serum hormone, fatty acids composition, bone compartments, computed tomography, and biomechanical analyses were determined...
March 21, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323791/obesity-is-associated-with-high-peri-operative-complications-among-surgically-treated-intertrochanteric-fracture-of-the-femur
#14
Harish Kempegowda, Raveesh Richard, Amrut Borade, Akhil Tawari, Graham Jove, Michael Suk, Abby Howenstein, Erik N Kubiak, Vanessa Rojas Sotomayor, Kenneth Koval, Frank A Liporace, Nirmal Tejwani, Daniel S Horwitz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document the complications among obese patients who underwent surgical fixation for intertrochanteric femur fractures and to compare with non-obese patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: Four level I trauma centers. PATIENTS: 1078 intertrochanteric femur fracture patients INTERVENTIONS:: None MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:: Patient and fracture characteristics, surgical duration, surgical delay intra-operative and post-operative complications, inpatient mortality and length of stay...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323351/baseline-knee-adduction-moment-interacts-with-body-mass-index-to-predict-loss-of-medial-tibial-cartilage-volume-over-2-5-years-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#15
Nicholas M Brisson, Emily G Wiebenga, Paul W Stratford, Karen A Beattie, Saara Totterman, José G Tamez-Peña, Jack P Callaghan, Jonathan D Adachi, Monica R Maly
This study aimed to determine the extent to which changes over 2.5 years in medial knee cartilage thickness and volume were predicted by: (1) peak values of the knee adduction (KAM) and flexion moments; and (2) KAM impulse and loading frequency, representing cumulative load, after controlling for age, sex and body mass index (BMI). Adults with clinical knee osteoarthritis participated. At baseline and approximately 2.5 years follow-up, cartilage thickness and volume of the medial tibia and femur were segmented from magnetic resonance imaging scans...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323145/increased-cortical-porosity-is-associated-with-daily-not-weekly-administration-of-equivalent-doses-of-teriparatide
#16
Roger Zebaze, Ryoko Takao-Kawabata, Yu Peng, Ali Ghasem Zadeh, Kyoko Hirano, Hiroshi Yamane, Aya Takakura, Yukihiro Isogai, Toshinori Ishizuya, Ego Seeman
INTRODUCTION: The pharmacokinetic profile of parathyroid hormone (PTH) determines its effects on bone resorption and formation. When administered intermittently, anabolic effects are favored in comparison with the continuous treatment. Among the intermittent treatment regimens, lower frequency of administration may have a lower effect on bone remodeling. We therefore hypothesized that weekly administration of teriparatide will produce less increase in intracortical remodeling and porosity than reported using daily treatment...
March 16, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322717/lengthening-and-deformity-correction-about-the-knee-using-a-magnetic-internal-lengthening-nail
#17
Austin T Fragomen, S Robert Rozbruch
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of the internal lengthening nail (ILN) has changed the treatment of complex malalignment and shortening about the knee. Acute correction of the deformity and gradual lengthening through this osteotomy site has greatly simplified postoperative recovery. This manuscript is a review of the techniques that are currently being used in surgery. METHODS: The article is broken into two sections: distal femur osteotomy and tibia osteotomy. Each is addressed separately since they have different personalities...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321636/the-effect-of-cement-on-hip-stem-fixation-a-biomechanical-study
#18
Talip Çelik, İbrahim Mutlu, Arif Özkan, Yasin Kişioğlu
This study presents the numerical analysis of stem fixation in hip surgery using with/without cement methods since the use of cement is still controversial based on the clinical studies in the literature. Many different factors such as stress shielding, aseptic loosening, material properties of the stem, surgeon experiences etc. play an important role in the failure of the stem fixations. The stem fixation methods, cemented and uncemented, were evaluated in terms of mechanical failure aspects using computerized finite element method...
March 20, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321426/quantitative-anatomic-analysis-of-the-native-ligamentum-teres
#19
Jacob D Mikula, Erik L Slette, Jorge Chahla, Alex W Brady, Renato Locks, Christiano A C Trindade, Matthew T Rasmussen, Robert F LaPrade, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: While recent studies have addressed the biomechanical function of the ligamentum teres and provided descriptions of ligamentum teres reconstruction techniques, its detailed quantitative anatomy remains relatively undocumented. Moreover, there is a lack of consensus in the literature regarding the number and morphology of the acetabular attachments of the ligamentum teres. PURPOSE: To provide a clinically relevant quantitative anatomic description of the native human ligamentum teres...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321316/pre-operative-urinary-tract-infection-is-it-a-risk-factor-for-early-surgical-site-infection-with-hip-fracture-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
Rafik Rd Yassa, Mahdi Y Khalfaoui, Karunakar Veravalli, D Alun Evans
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the current study were to determine whether pre-operative urinary tract infections in patients presenting acutely with neck of femur fractures resulted in a delay to surgery and whether such patients were at increased risk of developing post-operative surgical site infections. DESIGN: A retrospective review of all patients presenting with a neck of femur fracture, at a single centre over a one-year period. The hospital hip fracture database was used as the main source of data...
March 2017: JRSM Open
keyword
keyword
2760
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"