keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BAG

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029228/development-of-a-whole-task-simulator-for-carotid-endarterectomy
#1
Gabrielle Santangelo, Doran Mix, Ahmed Ghazi, Michael Stoner, G Edward Vates, Jonathan J Stone
BACKGROUND: Surgical education relies on operative exposure with live patients. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) demands an experienced surgeon with a very low complication rate. The high-risk nature of this procedure and the decline in number of CEAs performed annually has created a gap in residency training. OBJECTIVE: To develop a high-fidelity whole-task simulation for CEA that demonstrates content, construct, and face validity. METHODS: Anatomically accurate models of the human neck were created using multilayered poly-vinyl alcohol hydrogels...
September 27, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028283/implementation-of-buffy-coat-derived-pooled-platelet-concentrates-for-internal-quality-control-of-light-transmission-aggregometry-a-proof-of-concept-study
#2
F Prüller, K Rosskopf, H Mangge, E Mahla, D von Lewinski, E C Weiss, A Riegler, D Enko
BACKGROUND: Standardized commercially available control material for internal quality control (IQC) of light transmission aggregometry (LTA) is still lacking. Moreover, the provision of normal blood donors to provide fresh platelets is difficult in small laboratories, where "volunteers" may be of short supply. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the implementation of buffy-coat-derived pooled platelet concentrates (PCs) for IQC material of LTA. METHODS: We used buffy-coat-derived pooled PCs from the blood bank as IQC material for LTA...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028210/extensions-to-online-feature-selection-using-bagging-and-boosting
#3
Gregory Ditzler, Joseph LaBarck, James Ritchie, Gail Rosen, Robi Polikar
Feature subset selection can be used to sieve through large volumes of data and discover the most informative subset of variables for a particular learning problem. Yet, due to memory and other resource constraints (e.g., CPU availability), many of the state-of-the-art feature subset selection methods cannot be extended to high dimensional data, or data sets with an extremely large volume of instances. In this brief, we extend online feature selection (OFS), a recently introduced approach that uses partial feature information, by developing an ensemble of online linear models to make predictions...
October 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025929/whole-genome-sequence-of-bifidobacterium-longum-strain-indica-isolated-from-the-gut-of-a-healthy-indian-adult
#4
Satyabrata Bag, Tarini Shankar Ghosh, Bhabatosh Das
Bifidobacterium longum, a Gram-positive rod-shaped anaerobic bacterium, inhabits the human gastrointestinal tract and contributes significantly to oligosaccharide production, amino acid metabolism, and protection against intestinal inflammation. Here, we report the whole-genome sequence of B. longum, which was isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of a healthy Indian adult.
October 12, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023015/evaluation-of-growth-performances-of-some-locally-farmed-maize-zea-mays-l-in-cross-river-state-nigeria-under-different-concentrations-of-silicon
#5
M O Ononyume, E A Edu, T Okoh, A P Inegbedion
OBJECTIVE: Growth performances of four maize varieties (91 SUWANI, TZL COMP 4, DT STR Y SYN 2 and IWO SYN C2) were investigated at four levels of silicon concentration (0, 2500, 5000 and 7500 mg, with 0 mg as control). METHODOLOGY: Viable seeds were planted in polythene bags (64 bags) containing soil in a randomized complete block design (a 4×4 factorial experiment) with four replications. Plant height, stem girth, leaf area and leaf number were evaluated at 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks after planting...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021781/cross-talk-between-adipose-tissue-and-placenta-in-obese-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-pregnancies-via-exosomes
#6
REVIEW
Nanthini Jayabalan, Soumyalekshmi Nair, Zarin Nuzhat, Gregory E Rice, Felipe A Zuñiga, Luis Sobrevia, Andrea Leiva, Carlos Sanhueza, Jaime Agustín Gutiérrez, Martha Lappas, Dilys Jane Freeman, Carlos Salomon
Obesity is an important public health issue worldwide, where it is commonly associated with the development of metabolic disorders, especially insulin resistance (IR). Maternal obesity is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy complications, especially gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Metabolism is a vital process for energy production and the maintenance of essential cellular functions. Excess energy storage is predominantly regulated by the adipose tissue. Primarily made up of adipocytes, adipose tissue acts as the body's major energy reservoir...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019472/microbiological-monitoring-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-resuscitation-equipment-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
Torben Christian Winking, Jörg Wüllenweber, Frank Kipp, Esther Rieger-Fackeldey
BackgroundTo investigate the colonization of respiratory equipment and the rate of respiratory infections of very-low birth weight (VLBW) infants.MethodsThe prospective study includes 26 VLBW infants on continuous airway pressure (CPAP) from September until December 2012. Swabs from respiratory equipment and colonization/infections were evaluated.ResultsA total of 603 swabs was cultured with 298 isolates; 59% of cultures from CPAP equipment (n=337; 95% confidence interval (CI; 54;64)) and 19% from ambu bags (n=51; 95% CI (14;24)) were positive...
October 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018179/exhaled-isoprene-for-monitoring-recovery-from-acute-hypoxic-stress
#8
Sean William Harshman, Brian A Geier, Anthony Qualley, Leslie A Drummond, Laura Flory, Maomian Fan, Rhonda Pitsch, Claude C Grigsby, Jeffrey B Phillips, Jennifer Martin
Hypoxia-like incidents in-flight have increased over the past decade causing severe safety concerns across the aviation community. As a result, the need to monitor flight crews in real-time for the onset of hypoxic conditions is paramount for continued aeronautical safety. Here, hypoxic events were simulated in the laboratory via a reduced oxygen-breathing device to determine the effect of recovery gas oxygen concentration (21% and 100%) on exhaled breath volatile organic compound (VOC) composition. Data from samples collected both serially (throughout the exposure), prior to, and following exposures yielded 326 statistically significant features, 203 of which were unique...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017173/insulin-regimens-to-treat-hyperglycemia-in-hospitalized-patients-on-nutritional-support-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#9
Marina Verçoza Viana, Luciana Verçoza Viana, Ana Laura Tavares, Mirela Jobim de Azevedo
BACKGROUND: The best insulin regimen to treat hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients on nutritional support (NS) is unclear. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to identify cohort studies or randomized clinical trials in order to evaluate the efficacy of different insulin regimens used to treat hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients on NS on diverse outcomes: mean blood glucose (MBG), hypoglycemia, length of stay in hospital, and mortality. RESULTS: Seventeen studies from a total of 5,030 were included...
October 6, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016587/bogota-bag-in-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-at-kathmandu-model-hospital
#10
Bijendra Dhoj Joshi, Udaya Koirala, Amit M Upadhyaya, Arbin Joshi, Saroj Dhital
BACKGROUND: The gold standard of quick and definitive treatment of Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is surgical decompression by opening the abdomen and leaving it open until intra-abdominal pressure decreases. Temporary abdominal closure techniques are used to postpone definite closure until predisposing factors causing pathologic elevation of intra-abdominal pressure are resolved.This study aim to analyze feasibility of Bogota Bag placement as a way of temporary abdominal closure...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993650/development-of-a-machine-learning-algorithm-to-classify-drugs-of-unknown-fetal-effect
#11
Mary Regina Boland, Fernanda Polubriaginof, Nicholas P Tatonetti
Many drugs commonly prescribed during pregnancy lack a fetal safety recommendation - called FDA 'category C' drugs. This study aims to classify these drugs into harmful and safe categories using knowledge gained from chemoinformatics (i.e., pharmacological similarity with drugs of known fetal effect) and empirical data (i.e., derived from Electronic Health Records). Our fetal loss cohort contains 14,922 affected and 33,043 unaffected pregnancies and our congenital anomalies cohort contains 5,658 affected and 31,240 unaffected infants...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992500/plastic-bag-and-facial-cleanser-derived-microplastic-do-not-affect-feeding-behaviour-and-energy-reserves-of-terrestrial-isopods
#12
Anita Jemec Kokalj, Petra Horvat, Tina Skalar, Andrej Kržan
Current data regarding the effects of microplastic (MP) on terrestrial organisms are very scarce. Isopods play an important role in plant litter decomposition processes and are commonly used test species in terrestrial ecotoxicity studies. Their altered feeding behaviour and energy reserves are established biomarkers of adverse effects upon stressor exposure. For this study we assessed the effects of MP derived from plastic bag film (mean size 183±93μm) and particles from a facial cleanser (mean size 137±51μm) on the terrestrial isopod, Porcellio scaber...
October 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992382/arterial-inflammation-detected-with-18-f-fluoro-deoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Afshin Zartoshti, Ayse Bag Ozbek, Jon T Giles, Richard Weinberg, Mona Kinkhabwala, Sabahat Bokhari, Joan M Bathon
OBJECTIVES: In addition to traditional risk factors, excess cardiovascular disease (CVD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is attributed to enhanced vascular and/or systemic inflammation. In several small studies using (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) to directly assess vascular inflammation, FDG uptake was higher in RA patients than controls. Using a substantially larger RA sample, we sought to identify RA-disease characteristics independently associated with vascular FDG uptake...
October 9, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991616/refractive-lens-exchange-and-piggyback-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-nanophthalmos-visual-and-structural-outcomes
#14
Masoomeh Mohebbi, Mohammad-Reza Fallah-Tafti, Kaveh Fadakar, Ramon Katoozpour, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Zahra Fallah-Tafti, Azita Khorami
PURPOSE: To evaluate the best piggyback intraocular lens (IOL) implantation method and the outcomes in nanophthalmos eyes and to define the postoperative structural changes. SETTING: Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Candidates for refractive surgery who were nanophthalmic were recruited. Patients had refractive lens exchange followed by implantation of both IOLs in the bag or 1 IOL in the bag and 1 IOL in the sulcus...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991614/postoperative-outcomes-of-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-the-bag-versus-posterior-optic-capture-in-pediatric-cataract%C3%A2-surgery
#15
Abhay R Vasavada, Vaishali Vasavada, Sajani K Shah, Rupal H Trivedi, Viraj A Vasavada, Shail A Vasavada, Samaresh Srivastava, Aditya Sudhalkar
PURPOSE: To compare complications in children up to 4 years old having cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation using 2 techniques: in-the-bag IOL with anterior vitrectomy or optic capture of IOL with no anterior vitrectomy. SETTING: Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. DESIGN: Prospective randomized control clinical trial. METHODS: The study included children having cataract surgery with IOL implantation...
September 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990960/anesthesia-simulator-based-functional-capacity-evaluation-of-an-anesthesiologist-after-radial-fracture-a-case-report
#16
Ceferina Suarez, Jesús Maxide, Demian Szyld, Jose M Maestre
We used simulation as a job-specific functional capacity evaluation method after a distal radius fracture in an anesthesiologist. Treatment included open reduction followed by an internal fixation with an arthrodesis plate. The patient performed simulated anesthesia inductions to assess her response to endotracheal intubation, bag-mask ventilation, and the manual opening of the airway. Data collected helped to guide the rehabilitation protocol, and to assess pain and the time to safely return to work. The patient began her clinical duties after 7 weeks of therapy and was able to fully perform her daily tasks with confidence, and full functional capacity...
October 5, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987016/sensitivity-of-aspiration-as-a-safety-test-before-injection-of-soft-tissue-fillers
#17
Jani Aj Van Loghem, James J Fouché, Job Thuis
BACKGROUND: Embolism due to accidental intra-arterial injection of a soft tissue filler (STF) can lead to serious complications. Physicians practice aspiration as a safety test before injection to rule out intra-arterial placement of the needle tip. The value of aspiration as a safety test is evaluated in this study, which also considered the rheological properties of different STFs and their needle dimensions. METHODS: Aspiration with eleven different needle sizes and 24 different STFs was performed using Ringer's lactate (RL) colored with blue skin marking ink and secondly an empty saline bag containing anticoagulated blood, both pressurized to 150 mm Hg to mimic arterial blood pressure...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986523/bagging-nearest-neighbor-prediction-independence-test-an-efficient-method-for-nonlinear-dependence-of-two-continuous-variables
#18
Yi Wang, Yi Li, Xiaoyu Liu, Weilin Pu, Xiaofeng Wang, Jiucun Wang, Momiao Xiong, Yin Yao Shugart, Li Jin
Testing dependence/correlation of two variables is one of the fundamental tasks in statistics. In this work, we proposed an efficient method for nonlinear dependence of two continuous variables (X and Y). We addressed this research question by using BNNPT (Bagging Nearest-Neighbor Prediction independence Test, software available at https://sourceforge.net/projects/bnnpt/). In the BNNPT framework, we first used the value of X to construct a bagging neighborhood structure. We then obtained the out of bag estimator of Y based on the bagging neighborhood structure...
October 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985851/in-bag-enzymatic-splenic-digestion-a-novel-alternative-to-manual-morcellation
#19
Eric D Villarreal, William Preston Hewgley, Walter H Lang, Christopher L Morton, Shenghua Mao, Jianrong Wu, John A Sandoval
BACKGROUND: Contained in-bag spleen morcellation is a conventional extraction technique for safe spleen removal during laparoscopic splenectomy. Existing data for the use of in-bag enzymatic splenic digestion as an alternative to morcellation are lacking. This proof-of-concept study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of single and combinatorial enzyme digestion of murine spleens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Murine spleens were digested with collagenase alone or with combinations of commercially available enzymes (collagenase, elastase, hyaluronidase, neutral protease) to determine their degradation effect...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985816/infantile-cataract-comparison-of-two-surgical-approaches
#20
Nur Khatib, Erez Tsumi, Amjad Baidousi, Hanan Nussinovitch, Natalya Bilenko, Tova Lifshitz, Jaime Levy
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of 2 cataract extraction techniques with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series study. METHODS: This study included children with congenital or developmental cataract. In all cases, anterior capsulorhexis, lens aspiration, posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, and primary IOL implantation were performed. We compared 2 surgical approaches...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
keyword
keyword
27584
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"