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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531904/routine-monitoring-of-sodium-and-phosphorus-removal-in-peritoneal-dialysis-pd-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-pd-capd-automated-pd-apd-or-combined-capd-apd
#1
Veronika Moor, Robert Wagner, Michael Sayer, Marlies Petsch, Sandra Rueb, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Nils Heyne, Ferruh Artunc
BACKGROUND: Adequate removal of sodium (Na) and phosphorus (P) is of paramount importance for patients with dialysis-dependent kidney disease can easily quantified in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Some studies suggest that automated PD (APD) results in lower Na and P removal. METHODS: In this study we retrospectively analysed our data on Na and P removal in PD patients after implementation of a routine monitoring in 2011. Patients were stratified in those treated with continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD, n=24), automated PD (APD, n=23) and APD with one bag change (CAPD+APD, n=10)...
May 25, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531151/an-ensemble-spatiotemporal-model-for-predicting-pm2-5-concentrations
#2
Lianfa Li, Jiehao Zhang, Wenyang Qiu, Jinfeng Wang, Ying Fang
Although fine particulate matter with a diameter of <2.5 μm (PM2.5) has a greater negative impact on human health than particulate matter with a diameter of <10 μm (PM10), measurements of PM2.5 have only recently been performed, and the spatial coverage of these measurements is limited. Comprehensively assessing PM2.5 pollution levels and the cumulative health effects is difficult because PM2.5 monitoring data for prior time periods and certain regions are not available. In this paper, we propose a promising approach for robustly predicting PM2...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531101/phrog-a-multimodal-feature-for-place-recognition
#3
Fabien Bonardi, Samia Ainouz, Rémi Boutteau, Yohan Dupuis, Xavier Savatier, Pascal Vasseur
Long-term place recognition in outdoor environments remains a challenge due to high appearance changes in the environment. The problem becomes even more difficult when the matching between two scenes has to be made with information coming from different visual sources, particularly with different spectral ranges. For instance, an infrared camera is helpful for night vision in combination with a visible camera. In this paper, we emphasize our work on testing usual feature point extractors under both constraints: repeatability across spectral ranges and long-term appearance...
May 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529728/measurements-of-rates-of-cooling-of-a-manikin-insulated-with-different-mountain-rescue-casualty-bags
#4
Christopher Press, Christopher Duffy, Jonathan Williams, Ben Cooper, Neil Chapman
BACKGROUND: Accidental hypothermia is common in those who sustain injuries in remote environments. This is unpleasant and associated with adverse effects on subsequent patient outcomes. To minimise further heat loss, a range of insulating systems are available to mountain rescue teams although the most effective and cost-efficient have yet to be determined. METHODS: Under ambient, still, dry, air conditions, a thermal manikin was filled with water at a temperature of 42 °C and then placed into a given insulation system...
2017: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528487/role-of-medicines-of-unknown-identity-in-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-developing-countries-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#5
Céline Caillet, Chanvilay Sichanh, Gaëtan Assemat, Myriam Malet-Martino, Agnès Sommet, Haleh Bagheri, Noudy Sengxeu, Niphonh Mongkhonmath, Mayfong Mayxay, Lamphone Syhakhang, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Paul N Newton, Anne Roussin
INTRODUCTION: The health dangers of medicines of unknown identity (MUIs) [loose pharmaceutical units repackaged in individual bags without labelling of their identity] have been suspected in L/MICs. Using visual and analytical tools to identify MUIs, we investigated the frequency of, and factors associated with, adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related hospitalizations in a central hospital in Vientiane Capital, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). METHODS: All unplanned admissions, except for acute trauma and intentional overdose, were prospectively recorded during a 7-week period in 2013, leading to include 453 adults hospitalized for ≥24 h...
May 20, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526596/first-aid-protocols-for-lifeguards-what-should-equipment-be-there-in-a-portable-emergency-bag
#6
Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Candela Gómez-González, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526271/an-in-vitro-urinary-catheterization-model-that-approximates-clinical-conditions-for-evaluation-of-innovations-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#7
R Y R Chua, K Lim, S S J Leong, P A Tambyah, B Ho
BACKGROUND: Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) account for about 25% of nosocomial infections globally and often result in increased morbidity and healthcare costs. An added concern is the presence of microbial biofilms which are major reservoirs of bacteria, especially antibiotic resistant bacteria, in catheters. Since the practice of the closed drainage system, innovations to combat CAUTI have not produced significant improvements in clinical outcomes. The lack of a robust laboratory platform to test new CAUTI preventive strategies may impede development of novel technologies...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525631/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-inferior-vena-cava-adjacent-to-hepatic-veins-complete-off-pump-resection-and-inferior-vena-cava-graft-reconstruction-with-application-of-external-skin-surface-cooling
#8
Michael Malyshev, Sergey Zotov, Anton Malyshev, Andrey Rostovykh
OBJECTIVES: Resection of a leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVC) requires venovenous bypass, especially if IVC clamping above the hepatic veins is planned. This report describes the application of external skin surface cooling for off-pump resection of a primary IVC leiomyosarcoma adjacent to the hepatic veins with graft IVC reconstruction in conditions of suprahepatic caval clamping and uninterrupted Pringle's manoeuvre. METHODS: A 62-year-old woman presented with IVC leiomyosarcoma adjacent to the hepatic veins...
May 19, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524042/-preparation-and-application-of-cooling-bag-for-heat-stroke-in-wild-field
#9
Hailing Li, Qing Lu, Hongping Wang, Lujia Li
Cooling bag for heat stroke in wild field was invented in order to fulfill rapid cooling for heat stroke in field environment. The cooling bag is composed of the hood, the body cover (which is made up of the anterior portion, the linking, and the posterior portion), the fixed straps, the handles. The length is 200 cm, the regulative width is 60-70 cm, the folding volume is 26 cm × 20 cm × 9 cm, and the weight is 1.4 kg. There are a number of pockets for the cold sources in the hood and the body cover. Fixed straps are set in the upper, middle and lower of the bag...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523530/bag-1l-protects-sh-sy5y-neuroblastoma-cells-against-hypoxia-re-oxygenation-through-up-regulating-hsp70-and-activating-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#10
Yun Wang, Chao Jia, Qing-Shu Li, Chun-Yu Xie, Nan Zhang, Yan Qu
BCL-2-associated athanogene-1(BAG-1) is a multifunctional and anti-apoptotic protein that was first identified as a binding partner of BCL-2. But the effects and mechanisms for BAG-1 against hypoxic damage is unclear up to now. Whether BAG-1 could protect the human brain against hypoxic damage through up-regulating 70 kDa heat shock proteins (HSP70) and PI3K/AKT pathway activation? In present study, we examined the changes of HSP70 and AKT and p-AKT protein level in SH-SY5Y cells with BAG-1L gene over-expression subjected to hypoxia/re-oxygenation injury...
May 18, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521387/structural-and-functional-recovery-of-macroinvertebrate-communities-and-leaf-litter-decomposition-after-a-marked-drought-does-vegetation-type-matter
#11
Silvia Monroy, Aingeru Martínez, Naiara López-Rojo, Ana Victoria Pérez-Calpe, Ana Basaguren, Jesús Pozo
Climate change and anthropogenic disturbances are expected to lead to more intense and frequent droughts, with potentially severe effects on structure and function of perennial temperate streams. However, more information is required on whether streams flowing through basins already affected by exotic plantations will respond to droughts in the same way as streams under native forests. The recolonisation dynamics of benthic macroinvertebrate communities and leaf litter decomposition rates were examined in nine streams of oceanic-temperate climate that differed in catchment vegetation (three streams draining native deciduous forest, three in pine plantations and three in eucalypt plantations) after a marked drought...
May 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518071/nerve-sparing-mid-urethral-obstruction-nemo-in-female-small-rodents
#12
Martin Sidler, Karen J Aitken, Jia Xin Jiang, Darius J Bägli
Partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO) has a high prevalence, causes significant patient burden, and immense health care costs. The most common animal model to investigate bladder remodeling in pBOO are female rodents undergoing partial obstruction at the proximal urethra. Variability in the degree of obstruction and animal mortality are major concerns with proximal obstruction. Furthermore, dissecting around the proximal urethra and bladder neck jeopardizes bladder innervation. We developed a nerve-sparing mid-urethral obstruction (NeMO) model for pBOO avoiding the disadvantages of the traditional model...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518049/red-blood-cell-storage-time-and-transfusion-current-practice-concerns-and-future-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
María García-Roa, María Del Carmen Vicente-Ayuso, Alejandro M Bobes, Alexandra C Pedraza, Ataúlfo González-Fernández, María Paz Martín, Isabel Sáez, Jerard Seghatchian, Laura Gutiérrez
Red blood cells (RBCs) units are the most requested transfusion product worldwide. Indications for transfusion include symptomatic anaemia, acute sickle cell crisis, and acute blood loss of more than 30% of the blood volume, with the aim of restoring tissue oxygen delivery. However, stored RBCs from donors are not a qualitative equal product, and, in many ways, this is a matter of concern in the transfusion practice. Besides donor-to-donor variation, the storage time influences the RBC unit at the qualitative level, as RBCs age in the storage bag and are exposed to the so-called storage lesion...
May 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514379/-closed-management-of-pancreatic-necrosis-complicated-by-diffuse-peritonitis
#14
E K Salakhov, A P Vlasov
AIM: To assess an efficiency of closed management of pancreatic necrosis complicated by widespread peritonitis by using of elective laparoscopic sanations with ultrasonic processing of an abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Treatment of 111 patients with pancreatic necrosis complicated by diffuse peritonitis was analyzed. Closed management was used in 41 patients (main group). Among them there were 12 patients who underwent laparoscopic sanation with ultrasonic cavitation of abdominal cavity, laparoscopic drainage of omental bag, US-assisted puncture drainage of retroperitoneal space and 29 patients after laparotomy followed by laparoscopic lavage and low-frequency ultrasound through retroperitoneal drains which were deployed during lumbotomy or under US control...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512581/refractive-lens-exchange-combined-with-primary-posterior-vitrectorhexis-in-highly-myopic-patients
#15
Tarek A Mohamed, Wael Soliman, Dalia M El Sebaity, Ahmed M Fathalla
Purpose. To evaluate efficacy and safety of primary vitrectorhexis for posterior capsulotomy in highly myopic patients undergoing refractive lens exchange. Methods. The study is a prospective nonrandomized interventional study. The study comprised 60 eyes of 60 myopic patients. All patients underwent refractive lens exchange (RLE) and foldable IOL implantation combined with primary posterior capsulotomy. We used a 23-gauge vitrectomy probe for the creation of the posterior capsule opening. We followed the patients for one year...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512164/time-to-positivity-of-bacteria-cultures-in-peritoneal-dialysis-fluid-evaluation-of-different-laboratory-techniques
#16
Roberta M Katzap, Vany Elisa Pagnussatti, Ana Elizabeth Figueiredo, Julia Gabriela Motta, Domingos O d'Avila, Bartira Ercília Pinheiro da Costa, Carlos Eduardo Poli-de-Figueiredo
Patients with chronic kidney disease on peritoneal dialysis (PD) are susceptible to infections, with peritonitis being the primary cause of dropout. Peritoneal fluid culture is one of the essential elements for proper diagnosis and peritonitis treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the time required to obtain a positive culture using different laboratory methods. An in vitro cross-sectional study was conducted comparing different techniques for preparation and culture of bacteria in peritoneal fluid...
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511896/-changes-in-the-prevalence-of-statin-use-in-germany-findings-from-national-health-interview-and-examination-surveys-1997-1999-and-2008-2011
#17
Hildtraud C Knopf, Markus A Busch, Yong Du, Julia Truthmann, Anja Schienkiewitz, Christa Scheidt-Nave
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guideline recommendations on lipid lowering drug treatment, in particular statin treatment, play an essential role in the management of dyslipidemias and in the prevention of cardiovascular disease events. In Germany, statutory health insurance data provide information on time trends in the prescription of lipid lowering drugs. However, population-based data regarding changes in user prevalence according to socio-demographic and health-related characteristics are lacking...
May 13, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511760/some-thumbs-up-some-down-on-telehealth-quality-of-care
#18
Richard Mark Kirkner
Evaluating the quality of telemedicine care is about as easy as evaluating the quality of health care, period, and researchers are still ironing out the methodological kinks. That may be one reason research results are all over the place. This article involved reviewing nine such studies, and the findings are a mixed bag.
April 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511737/suicide-in-older-adults-differences-between-the-young-old-middle-old-and-oldest-old
#19
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the limited research into suicides in older adults, they have been treated as a homogenous group without distinguishing between different age groups. This study aimed to compare differences in sociodemographic variables, recent life events, and mental and physical illnesses between three age groups within older adults who died by suicide: young-old (65-74 years), middle-old (75-84 years), and oldest old (85 years and over) in Queensland, Australia, during the years 2000-2012 (N = 978)...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511422/posterior-chamber-scleral-fixation-of-intraocular-lenses-in-post-vitrectomised-aphakic-eyes
#20
Francis Kwasi Obeng, Vipan Kumar Vig, Preetam Singh, Rajbir Singh, Bodhraj Dhawan, Nikhil Sahajpal
INTRODUCTION: The best method of aphakia correction is in the bag implantation of Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens (PCIOL). When this ideal procedure is not possible due to lack of integrity of posterior capsule or zonules, the other alternatives are broadly categorized into two: extraocular and intraocular. Whereas, the former includes contact lenses and aphakic glasses, the latter ones are further divided into anterior and posterior chamber methods. Anterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses (ACIOL) can be with or without iris claw...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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