keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BAG

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215014/management-of-a-dutch-resident-barnacle-goose-branta-leucopsis-population-how-can-results-from-counts-ringing-and-hunting-bag-statistics-be-reconciled
#1
Henk P van der Jeugd, Anne Kwak
The resident Dutch Northern Delta barnacle geese Branta leucopsis population expanded steadily since birds first bred in 1982, increasing agricultural conflict. Derogation shooting has been used since 2005 to scare geese from sensitive crops and to reduce population size. Numbers almost doubled to ca. 28 000 individuals during 2007-2014, despite annual removal of 15-25% of geese and adult and juvenile survival rates of 79 and 67% (cf. natural survival of 96% for both age classes). Simple population modelling, using estimated annual survival values and fixed fecundity, predicted a moderate increase to 21 500 individuals in 2014...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215010/key-actions-towards-the-sustainable-management-of-european-geese
#2
David A Stroud, Jesper Madsen, Anthony D Fox
Increasing abundance of geese in North America and Europe constitutes a major conservation success, but has caused increasing conflicts with economic, health and safety interests, as well as ecosystem impacts. Potential conflict resolution through a single, 'one size fits all' policy is hindered by differences in species' ecology, behaviour, abundance and population status, and in contrasting political and socio-economic environments across the flyways. Effective goose management requires coordinated application of a suite of tools from the local level to strategic flyway management actions...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214220/comparison-of-the-hanging-drop-technique-and-running-drip-method-for-identifying-the-epidural-space-in-dogs
#3
Fernando Martinez-Taboada, José I Redondo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the running-drip and hanging-drop techniques for locating the epidural space in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Forty-five healthy dogs requiring epidural anaesthesia. METHODS: Dogs were randomized into four groups and administered epidural anaesthesia in sternal (S) or lateral (L) recumbency. All blocks were performed by the same person using Tuohy needles with either a fluid-prefilled hub (HDo) or connected to a drip set attached to a fluid bag elevated 60 cm (RDi)...
January 8, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213179/the-dispersion-releaser-technology-is-an-effective-method-for-testing-drug-release-from-nanosized-drug-carriers
#4
Christine Janas, Marc-Philip Mast, Li Kirsamer, Carlo Angioni, Fiona Gao, Werner Mäntele, Jennifer Dressman, Matthias G Wacker
The dispersion releaser (DR) is a dialysis-based setup for the analysis of the drug release from nanosized drug carriers. It is mounted into dissolution apparatus2 of the United States Pharmacopoeia. The present study evaluated the DR technique investigating the drug release of the model compound flurbiprofen from drug solution and from nanoformulations composed of the drug and the polymer materials poly (lactic acid), poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) or Eudragit(®)RSPO. The drug loaded nanocarriers ranged in size between 185...
February 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212086/salient-object-detection-via-multiple-instance-learning
#5
Fang Huang, Qi Jinqing, Huchuan Lu, Lihe Zhang, Xiang Ruan
Object proposals are a series of candidate segments containing objects of interest, which are taken as preprocessing and widely applied in various vision tasks. However, most of existing saliency approaches only utilize the proposals to compute a location prior. In this paper, we naturally take the proposals as the bags of instances of multiple instance learning (MIL), where the instances are the superpixels contained in the proposals, and formulate saliency detection problem as a MIL task (i.e., predict the labels of instances using the classifier in the MIL framework)...
February 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212079/multi-view-multi-instance-learning-based-on-joint-sparse-representation-and-multi-view-dictionary-learning
#6
Bing Li, Chunfeng Yuan, Weihua Xiong, Weiming Hu, Houwen Peng, Xinmiao Ding, Stephen Maybank
In multi-instance learning (MIL), the relations among instances in a bag convey important contextual information in many applications. Previous studies on MIL either ignore such relations or simply model them with a fixed graph structure so that the overall performance inevitably degrades in complex environments. To address this problem, this paper proposes a novel multi-view multi-instance learning algorithm (M2IL) that combines multiple context structures in a bag into a unified framework. The novel aspects are: (i) we propose a sparse "-graph model that can generate different graphs with different parameters to represent various context relations in a bag, (ii) we propose a multi-view joint sparse representation that integrates these graphs into a unified framework for bag classification, and (iii) we propose a multi-view dictionary learning algorithm to obtain a multi-view graph dictionary that considers cues from all views simultaneously to improve the discrimination of the M2IL...
February 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211974/whole-exome-sequencing-identified-1-base-pair-novel-deletion-in-bcl2-associated-athanogene-3-bag3-gene-associated-with-severe-dilated-cardiomyopathy-dcm-requiring-heart-transplant-in-multiple-family-members
#7
Muhammad Arshad Rafiq, Ayeshah Chaudhry, Melanie Care, Danna A Spears, Chantal F Morel, Robert M Hamilton
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by dilation and impaired contraction of the left ventricle or both ventricles. Among hereditary DCM, the genetic causes are heterogeneous, and include mutations encoding cytoskeletal, nucleoskeletal, mitochondrial, and calcium-handling proteins. We report three severely affected males, in a four-generation pedigree, with DCM phenotype who underwent cardiac transplant. Cardiomegaly with marked biventricular dilation and fibrosis were noticeable histopathological findings...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210818/open-circuit-respirometry-a-brief-historical-review-of-the-use-of-douglas-bags-and-chemical-analyzers
#8
REVIEW
Roy J Shephard
The Douglas bag technique is reviewed as one in a series of articles looking at historical insights into measurement of whole body metabolic rate. Consideration of all articles looking at Douglas bag technique and chemical gas analysis has here focused on the growing appreciation of errors in measuring expired volumes and gas composition, and subjective reactions to airflow resistance and dead space. Multiple small sources of error have been identified and appropriate remedies proposed over a century of use of the methodology...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209955/-the-complications-of-intestinal-stoma-in-children
#9
S V Minaev, N I Bykov, A V Isaeva, A V Kachanov, E A Tovkan, N V Filip'yeva, I N Gerasimenko
AIM: To investigate the complications of intestinal stoma in children and to develop measures for decrease of their incidence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 152 children with congenital and acquired gastrointestinal pathology requiring surgical treatment with the imposition of intestinal stoma. Atresia of intestinal tube was observed in 28 (18.4%) children, meconium ileus - in 10 (6.6%) cases, Hirschsprung's disease - in 11 (7.2%)cases, anorectal malformations - in 39 (25...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208088/mechanisms-of-cd-and-cr-removal-and-tolerance-by-macrofungus-pleurotus-ostreatus-hau-2
#10
Xuanzhen Li, Youjing Wang, Yanshuo Pan, Hao Yu, Xiaolin Zhang, Yanping Shen, Shuai Jiao, Kun Wu, Guixiao La, Yuan Yuan, Shimin Zhang
Fungi bioaccumulation is a novel and highly promising approach to remediate polluted soil. The present study revealed a high ability to tolerate Cd and Cr in the fungus Pleurotus ostreatus HAU-2. However, high concentrations of Cd and Cr can suppress fungal growth and result in a variation of hypha micromorphology. Batch experiments were performed to investigate Cd and Cr stress effects on the amount of active oxygen in fungi, activity of antioxidant enzyme, as well as the removal efficiency of Cd and Cr. The results revealed that Cd and Cr caused increasing active oxygen and malonaldehyde (MDA) concentrations...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207430/evaluation-of-augmented-pulse-pressure-variation-using-the-valsalva-manoeuvre-as-a-predictor-of-fluid-responsiveness-under-open-chest-conditions-a-prospective-observational-study
#11
Jeong Jin Min, Tae Kyong Kim, Jong-Hwan Lee, Jiyeon Park, Hyun Sung Cho, Wook Sung Kim, Young Tak Lee
BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure variation (PPV) is a well known dynamic preload indicator of fluid responsiveness. However, its usefulness in open-chest conditions remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether augmented PPV during a Valsalva manoeuvre can predict fluid responsiveness after sternotomy. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study. SETTING: Single-centre trial, study period from October 2014 to June 2015...
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206690/template-assisted-meta-c-h-alkylation-and-alkenylation-of-arenes
#12
Sukdev Bag, Ramasamy Jayarajan, Rahul Mondal, Debabrata Maiti
To expand the scope of meta-functionalization, a pyrimidine-based template effective for the formation of β-aryl aldehydes and ketones, using allyl alcohols, by meta-C-H activation of benzylsulfonyl esters is described. In addition, α,β-unsaturated aldehydes were generated by in situ olefination and deprotection of allyl benzyl ethers. These new functionalizations at the meta-position of an arene have also been successfully implemented in benzylphosphonate, phenethyl carbonyl, and phenethylsulfonyl ester scaffolds...
February 16, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203626/diffuse-peritoneal-leiomyomatosis-status-post-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-with-power-morcellation-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#13
Don Nguyen, Rishi Maheshwary, Cassie Tran, Scott Rudkin, Luke Treaster
•Leiomyomatosis following laparoscopic hysterectomy with morcellation is reported.•Parasitic myomas grow in a benign fashion but may be fatal depending on location.•Fibroids are a contraindication for laparoscopic hysterectomy with morcellation.•Containment bags may address intraperitoneal spillage of malignant tissue.
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202055/harmonizing-methods-for-wildlife-abundance-estimation-and-pathogen-detection-in-europe-a-questionnaire-survey-on-three-selected-host-pathogen-combinations
#14
Jana Sonnenburg, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis, Thijs Kuiken, Ezio Ferroglio, Rainer G Ulrich, Franz J Conraths, Christian Gortázar, Christoph Staubach
BACKGROUND: The need for wildlife health surveillance as part of disease control in wildlife, domestic animals and humans on the global level is widely recognized. However, the objectives, methods and intensity of existing wildlife health surveillance programs vary greatly among European countries, resulting in a patchwork of data that are difficult to merge and compare. This survey aimed at evaluating the need and potential for data harmonization in wildlife health in Europe. The specific objective was to collect information on methods currently used to estimate host abundance and pathogen prevalence...
February 16, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199933/idiopathic-neonatal-pneumoperitoneum-a-case-report
#15
Sarah Magdy Abdelmohsen, Mohamed Abdelkader Osman
INTRODUCTION: There have been non-surgical conditions secondary to neonatal pneumoperitoneum (e.g., mechanical ventilation, pulmonary diseases and pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis) that neonates were able to overcome without the need for abdominal exploration. Idiopathic pneumoperitoneum, although similar to perforation of the alimentary tract and the previously mentioned non-surgical conditions, is a rare and benign condition that does not yet have a definite cause. The criteria by which a surgeon decides on which abdomen to open and which one to observe, is ill-defined...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199150/development-and-validation-of-a-cultural-method-for-the-detection-and-isolation-of-salmonella-in-cloves
#16
Guodong Zhang, Laila Ali, Vikas Gill, Aparna Tatavarthy, Xiaohong Deng, Lijun Hu, Eric W Brown, Thomas S Hammack
Detection of Salmonella in some spices, such as cloves, remains a challenge due to their inherent antimicrobial properties. The purpose of this study was to develop an effective detection method for Salmonella from spices using cloves as a model. Two clove varieties, Ceylon and Madagascar, were used in the study. Cloves were inoculated with Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotypes Montevideo, Typhimurium, or Weltevreden at about 1, 3, or 6 log CFU/25 g. Two test portion sizes, 10 and 25 g, were compared...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198956/evaluating-pharmaceutical-waste-disposal-in-pediatric-units
#17
Maria Angélica Randoli de Almeida, Ana Maria Miranda Martins Wilson, Maria Angélica Sorgini Peterlini
OBJECTIVE: To verify the disposal of pharmaceutical waste performed in pediatric units. METHOD: A descriptive and observational study conducted in a university hospital. The convenience sample consisted of pharmaceuticals discarded during the study period. Handling and disposal during preparation and administration were observed. Data collection took place at pre-established times and was performed using a pre-validated instrument. RESULTS: 356 drugs disposals were identified (35...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196604/addition-of-bioactive-glass-to-glass-ionomer-cements-effect-on-the-physico-chemical-properties-and-biocompatibility
#18
T De Caluwé, C W J Vercruysse, I Ladik, R Convents, H Declercq, L C Martens, R M H Verbeeck
OBJECTIVES: Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are a subject of research because of their inferior mechanical properties, despite their advantages such as fluoride release and direct bonding to bone and teeth. Recent research aims to improve the bioactivity of the GICs and thereby improve mechanical properties on the long term. In this study, two types of bioactive glasses (BAG) (45S5F and CF9) are combined with GICs to evaluate the physico-chemical properties and biocompatibility of the BAG-GIC combinations...
February 10, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195390/self-assembly%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-renewable%C3%A2-nano-sized-triterpenoids
#19
REVIEW
Braja Gopal Bag, Rakhi Majumdar
Studies on plant metabolites have gained renewed interest in recent years because these can serve as renewable chemicals for the development of a sustainable society.Among various plant secondary metabolites, terpenoids constitute the major component and triterpenoids are the 30C subset of it.In recent years, triterpenoids have drawn the attention of scientific community due to many of its potential and realized applications in medicine, drug delivery, thermochromic materials, pollutant capture, catalysis, liquid crystals, etc...
February 14, 2017: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194815/peristomal-psoriasis
#20
C Marshall, S Woodmansey, C C Lyon
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common skin condition, affecting 1.3-2.2% of the population. The prevalence of psoriasis has previously been reported as 11.2% in patients with Crohn disease (CD) and 5.7% in patients with ulcerative colitis. AIM: To assess the prevalence of psoriasis around stoma sites and identify the most effective treatment. METHODS: A departmental database of all patients attendings stoma clinic was accessed between 1 May 2003 and 15 October 2015...
February 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
keyword
keyword
27584
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"