Read by QxMD icon Read

Stroke dysphagia

Sonja Suntrup-Krueger, Jens Minnerup, Paul Muhle, Inga Claus, Jens Burchard Schröder, Thomas Marian, Tobias Warnecke, Marianne Kalic, Klaus Berger, Rainer Dziewas
BACKGROUND: Early dysphagia screening and appropriate management are recommended by current guidelines to reduce complications and case fatality in acute stroke. However, data on the potential benefit of changes in dysphagia care on patient outcome are limited. Our objective was to assess the degree of implementation of dysphagia guidelines and determine the impact of modifications in dysphagia screening and treatment practices on disease complications and outcome in stroke patients over time...
March 13, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
K M Lee, M C Joo, Y M Yu, M-S Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between mylohyoid motor-evoked potentials (MH-MEP) and swallowing function and determine the value of MH-MEP for predicting aspiration 3 months poststroke. METHODS: Subacute patients within a month of their first stroke were enrolled up for 2 consecutive years. Videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) were performed twice. Patients were evaluated during VFSS using the penetration aspiration scale (PAS) and videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS)...
March 13, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Dan Sun, Wei Xu, Na Chen, Shi-Min Li, Tian Fu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of intradermal needle-embedding therapy in the treatment of dysphagia in stroke patients. METHODS: A total of 80 stroke patients with dysphagia were randomly divided into treatment group and control group ( n = 40 in each). The control group was treated with conventional medicines, neuromuscular electrical stimulation of the bilateral midlines of the neck and swallowing function training, and the treatment group treated by intradermal needle-embedding at Lianquan (CV 23), Jialianquan-point, Yifeng (TE 17), Ashi-point, etc...
February 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Hyojun Kim, Ho Jun Lee, Jin-Woo Park
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical course and final outcome in patients afflicted with severe dysphagia following a diagnosis of lateral medullary syndrome (LMS). Methods: The patients with severe dysphagia after LMS admitted to a rehabilitation unit were included and their respective clinical data were prospectively collected. The criteria of 'severe dysphagia' was defined as the condition that showed decreased pharyngeal constriction with no esophageal passage in a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and initially required enteral tube feeding...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
Ioanna Eleni Virvidaki, Grigorios Nasios, Maria Kosmidou, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Haralampos Milionis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The presence of dysphagia and aspiration in stroke patients is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Early recognition and management of these two conditions via reliable, minimally invasive bedside procedures before complications arise remains challenging in everyday clinical practice. This study reviews the available bedside screening tools for detecting swallowing status and aspiration risk in acute stroke by qualitatively observing reference population study design, clinical flexibility, reliability and applicability to acute-care settings...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Jo Murray, Ingrid Scholten, Sebastian Doeltgen
Dysphagia has been strongly associated with poor hydration in acute stroke settings. However, in sub-acute settings, the contribution to dehydration of dysphagia in combination with other common stroke comorbidities has not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate which demographic and stroke comorbidities, including dysphagia, contribute most significantly to oral fluid intake, hydration status and specific adverse health outcomes for patients in sub-acute rehabilitation following stroke. Data from 100 inpatients from three Australian rehabilitation facilities (14 with confirmed dysphagia and 86 without dysphagia) were analysed...
March 1, 2018: Dysphagia
Victoria Sherman, Heather Flowers, Moira K Kapral, Gordon Nicholson, Frank Silver, Rosemary Martino
Early identification of dysphagia by screening is recommended best practice for patients admitted to hospital with acute stroke. Screening can reduce the risk of pneumonia and promote stroke recovery, yet some institutions do not utilize a formal screening protocol. This study assessed the accuracy of informal dysphagia detection prior to implementation of a formal screening protocol. We conducted a secondary analysis of data captured between 2003 and 2008 from a sample of 250 adult stroke survivors admitted to a tertiary care centre...
March 1, 2018: Dysphagia
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Lizhi Zhang, Nenggui Xu, Ruliang Li, Lin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) with different frequencies based on the western conventional treatment and rehabilita tion training for stroke dysphagia. METHODS: Sixty patients with dysphagia after stroke were randomized assigned into a low frequency (2 Hz) group and a high frequency (100 Hz) group, 30 cases in each one. Basic treatment was applied in the two groups. The acupoints were Fengfu (GV 16) and Lianquan (CV 23). EA with continuous wave and tolerant intensity were connected for 30 min, once a day for 14 days...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Jeoffray Diendéré, Athanase Millogo, Pierre-Marie Preux, Pierre Jésus, Jean-Claude Desport
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia and undernourishment are common in cerebrovascular accident (stroke) patients in developed countries. Despite the dietary transition, there is little information available in Africa on this topic. This study aims to assess the prevalence of undernourishment and dysphagia in stroke patients in two Burkina Faso teaching hospitals at a starting point (D0), on the eighth day, and on the 14th (D14) and to specify factors related to undernourishment at day 14. METHODOLOGY: The nutritional state of the patients was assessed using body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness, and mid-upper arm circumference...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
Christopher M Wilson, Christina L Mitchell, Katherine M Hebert
Cerebellar stroke increases the risk of extensive physical disability and long-term institutionalization. The purpose of this case report is to describe the 14-month longitudinal rehabilitation management and outcomes from the intensive care unit, inpatient rehabilitation unit and outpatient care of a patient after cerebellar stroke. A goal of this case report is to provide rehabilitation clinicians with a long-term perspective and understanding of the course of recovery for a patient after cerebellar cerebrovascular accident or related injury...
December 14, 2017: Curēus
Tharsika Kuganesan, Allen R Huang
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an immune mediated inflammatory disease of medium and large arteries which afflicts older people. The classical presentation features include: headache, visual disturbances, and jaw claudication. Patients diagnosed with GCA have also been observed to be at higher risk for the subsequent development of strokes. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of an 84-year old right-handed man who presented to hospital with dysarthria, dysphagia, right-sided facial drop, a history of generalized weakness and multiple falls...
February 21, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Anna Miles, Naomi McLellan, Rochelle Machan, David Vokes, Alexandra Hunting, Mary McFarlane, Jennifer Holmes, Kelly Lynn
PURPOSE: Cardiothoracic surgery is known to result in dysphagia and laryngeal injury. While prevalence has been explored, extent, trajectory and longevity of symptoms are poorly understood. This retrospective, observational study explored dysphagia and laryngeal injury in patients following cardiothoracic surgery referred for instrumental swallowing assessment. METHODS: Clinical notes and endoscopic recordings of 106 patients (age range 18-87yrs; mean 63yrs; SD 15yrs) (including 190 endoscopes) at one large tertiary centre were reviewed by two speech-language pathologists and a laryngologist...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Kersten Villringer, Malgorzata Florczak-Rzepka, Ulrike Grittner, Peter Brunecker, Hans Tepe, Christian H Nolte, Jochen B Fiebach
BACKGROUND: Factors like infarct volume, infarct location and symptom severity can considerably influence long-term outcome in posterior fossa strokes. Therapy decision can sometimes be complicated by discrepancies between infarct volume and clinical severity. We aimed to evaluate imaging and clinical parameters possibly influencing long-term outcome in first-ever posterior fossa stroke patients. METHODS: Imaging was performed on a 3 T MRI scanner. Sixty-one out of 1795 patients from the observational 1000Plus and LOBI studies (clinicaltrials...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Chung-Han Ho, Wen-Chih Lin, Ya-Fang Hsu, I-Hui Lee, Yi-Chieh Hung
BACKGROUND: In the early stages of stroke, the use of a nasogastric tube can reduce complications such as malnutrition, dehydration, and pneumonia. However, its long-term efficacy is controversial. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database to investigate associations among dysphagia, rate of readmission due to pneumonia, and mortality 1 year after stroke. Patients who had received their first stroke diagnosis and inpatient rehabilitation from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2010, were enrolled...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Xiaoning Li, Lei Wu, Fan Guo, Xuesong Liang, Hao Fu, Nuo Li
RATIONALE: Dysphagia following stroke is a major complaint among patients, and effective treatment of post-stroke dysphagia can be difficult. We present a case report describing a new treatment for dysphagia, namely, quick needle insertion at pharyngeal acupoints. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old man developed pharyngeal dysphagia after a stroke. Three months after the patient experienced a sudden stroke leading to liquid dysphagia, acupuncture, one of the most important therapies in Traditional Chinese Medicine, was used to treat the patient...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yvonne Teuschl, Michaela Trapl, Paulina Ratajczak, Karl Matz, Alexandra Dachenhausen, Michael Brainin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While formal screening for dysphagia following acute stroke is strongly recommended, there is little evidence on how multi-consistency screening and dietary modifications affect the rate of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP). This observational study reports which factors affect formal screening on a stroke-unit and how dietary recommendations relate to SAP. METHOD: Analyses from a database including 1394 patients admitted with acute stroke at our stroke-unit in Austria between 2012 and 2014...
2018: PloS One
Domenico A Restivo, Shaheen Hamdy
Neurogenic dysphagia (ND) can occur in patients with nervous system diseases of varying etiologies. Moreover, recovery from ND is not guaranteed. The therapeutic approaches for oropharyngeal ND have drastically changed over the last decade, mainly due to a better knowledge of the neurophysiology of swallowing along with the progress of neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies. For this reason, it is a priority to develop a treatment that is repeatable, safe, and can be carried out at the bedside as well as for outpatients...
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Eric E Smith, David M Kent, Ketan R Bulsara, Lester Y Leung, Judith H Lichtman, Mathew J Reeves, Amytis Towfighi, William N Whiteley, Darin B Zahuranec
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia screening protocols have been recommended to identify patients at risk for aspiration. The American Heart Association convened an evidence review committee to systematically review evidence for the effectiveness of dysphagia screening protocols to reduce the risk of pneumonia, death, or dependency after stroke. METHODS: The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched on November 1, 2016, to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing dysphagia screening protocols or quality interventions with increased dysphagia screening rates and reporting outcomes of pneumonia, death, or dependency...
March 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Joice Santos Andrade, Wagner Walter Oliveira de Jesus Souza, Luiz Renato Paranhos, Danielle Ramos Domenis, Carla Patrícia Hernandez Alves Ribeiro César
INTRODUCTION: Since dysphagia may be one of the brain post-stroke consequences, the objective of this study was to analyze the average recovery time of patients with cerebrovascular accident and dysphagia subjected to speech therapy in a hospital bed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic review performed following the 'Preferred Reporting Items is Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses' instructions. The search was performed in different electronic databases, without restriction of time and language...
December 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"