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Tongue stimulation

Juliana Jasper, Sérgio Roithmann, Renata Stifelman Camilotti, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Karen Cherubini, Maria Antonia Zancanaro de Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on oral mucositis (OM) and on the healing of traumatic ulcers produced in the tongue of rats undergoing radiotherapy (RT). STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-seven Wistar rats were assigned to four groups: (1) RT + traumatic ulcer + filgrastim (G-CSF analog; n = 7); (2) RT + traumatic ulcer + saline (n = 7); (3) no RT + traumatic ulcer + filgrastim (n = 7); and (4) no RT + traumatic ulcer (n = 6)...
November 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Amrita Saxena, Richa Raghuwanshi, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Harikesh B Singh
Indian cuisine is renowned and celebrated throughout the world for its spicy treat to the tongue. The flavor and aroma of the food generated due to the use of spices creates an indelible experience. Among the commonly utilized spices to stimulate the taste buds in Indian food, whole or powdered chilli constitutes an inevitable position. Besides being a vital ingredient of of Indian food, chilli occupy an important position as an economic commodity, a major share in Indian economy. Chilli also has uncountable benefits to human health...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Diane C Lim, Allan I Pack
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a worldwide disease whose prevalence is increasing as obesity rates increase. The link between obesity and OSA is likely to be the deposition of fat in the tongue, compromising upper airway size. The role of obesity varies in different ethnic groups, with Chinese being particularly sensitive to increases in weight. OSA lends itself to a personalized approach to diagnosis and therapy. For example, different clinical OSA subtypes likely benefit from therapy in different ways. Hypoglossal nerve stimulation is a useful second-line therapy in patients who cannot tolerate continous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines or intraoral devices...
October 5, 2016: Annual Review of Medicine
Xin-Peng Zhao, Shu-Wen He, Bin Yue, Guang-Hua Wang, Min Zhang
Tissue factor pathway inhibitors (TFPIs) are Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors that reversibly regulate the blood coagulation induced by tissue factor. TFPI family contain two members, TFPI-1 and TFPI-2. Recent studies have shown TFPI-1 and TFPI-2 also play important roles in innate immunity, however, the potential function of teleost TFPI are very limited. In this study, we characterized two TFPI (CsTFPI-1 and CsTFPI-2) molecules from half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis), examined their tissue distributions and expression patterns under pathogens stimulation as well as investigated the antibacterial activity of the C-terminal peptides...
October 4, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Pierpaolo Busan, Giovanni Del Ben, Simona Bernardini, Giulia Natarelli, Marco Bencich, Fabrizio Monti, Paolo Manganotti, Piero Paolo Battaglini
Motor balance in developmental stuttering (DS) was investigated with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), with the aim to define novel neural markers of persistent DS in adulthood. Eleven DS adult males were evaluated with TMS on tongue primary motor cortex, compared to 15 matched fluent speakers, in a "state" condition (i.e. stutterers vs. fluent speakers, no overt stuttering). Motor and silent period thresholds (SPT), recruitment curves, and silent period durations were acquired by recording tongue motor evoked potentials...
2016: PloS One
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Paula Rodríguez-Alessi, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
The problems of suction in newborns give rise to multiple consequences for both the mother and the newborn. The objective of this paper is to present a case of ankyloglossia ("tongue-tie") and the suction problems that were treated by a multidisciplinary team. The subject is a 17-day-old male patient, with ankyloglossia and suction problems during breastfeeding (pain in the breastfeeding mother, poor weight gain, and long breastfeeds). The patient followed the circuit established in our centre between the services of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Breastfeeding and Speech Therapy and Orofacial Rehabilitation (CELERE)...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Nikolina Petrušić, Martina Posavac, Ivan Sabol, Marinka Mravak-Stipetić
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the detrimental effect of smoking on the function of the salivary glands. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 60 patients who were divided into two groups: a test group which included smokers and control group represented by non-smokers. Each group included 30 patients. General information was collected from all the respondents via a questionnaire as well as the data on the duration of smoking and number of cigarettes smoked per day...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Zhi-Hai Sui, Mo-Fei Li, Li Sun
CD59 is a complement regulatory protein that inhibits the formation of membrane attack complex of complement. In this study, we examined the expression and activity of tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis) CD59 (CsCD59). CsCD59 possesses the conserved structural features of CD59 and shares 33%-46% sequence identities with other fish CD59. Expression of CsCD59 was high in liver, spleen, and muscle, and was stimulated by infection of bacterial pathogens. Recombinant CsCD59 (rCsCD59) exhibited an apparent inhibition effect on the activation of tongue sole serum complement...
September 26, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Monica Benvenuto, Rosanna Mattera, Laura Masuelli, Gloria Taffera, Orlando Andracchio, Ilaria Tresoldi, Paolo Lido, Maria Gabriella Giganti, Justyna Godos, Andrea Modesti, Roberto Bei
Racemic Gossypol [(±)-GOS], composed of both (-)-GOS and (+)-GOS, is a small BH3-mimetic polyphenol derived from cotton seeds. (±)-GOS has been employed and well tolerated by cancer patients. Head and neck carcinoma (HNC) represents one of the most fatal cancers worldwide, and a significant proportion of HNC expresses high levels of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins. In this study, we demonstrate that (±)-GOS inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis and autophagy of human pharynx, tongue, and salivary gland cancer cell lines and of mouse salivary gland cancer cells (SALTO)...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Yasuhiro Tanaka, Takashi Tsuboi, Hirohisa Watanabe, Yasukazu Kajita, Daisuke Nakatsubo, Yasushi Fujimoto, Reiko Ohdake, Mizuki Ito, Naoki Atsuta, Masahiko Yamamoto, Toshihiko Wakabayashi, Masahisa Katsuno, Gen Sobue
BACKGROUND: Voice and speech disorders are one of the most important issues after subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. However, articulation features in this patient population remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We studied the articulation features of PD patients with STN-DBS. METHODS: Participants were 56 PD patients treated with STN-DBS (STN-DBS group) and 41 patients treated only with medical therapy (medical-therapy-alone group)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Simon Altmeier, Albulena Toska, Florian Sparber, Alvaro Teijeira, Cornelia Halin, Salomé LeibundGut-Landmann
Mucosal infections with Candida albicans belong to the most frequent forms of fungal diseases. Host protection is conferred by cellular immunity; however, the induction of antifungal immunity is not well understood. Using a mouse model of oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) we show that interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) signaling is critical for fungal control at the onset of infection through its impact on neutrophils at two levels. We demonstrate that both the recruitment of circulating neutrophils to the site of infection and the mobilization of newly generated neutrophils from the bone marrow depended on IL-1R...
September 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Carmelo M Vicario, Robert D Rafal, Sara Borgomaneri, Riccardo Paracampo, Ada Kritikos, Alessio Avenanti
The tongue holds a unique role in gustatory disgust. However, it is unclear whether the tongue representation in the motor cortex (tM1) is affected by the sight of distaste-related stimuli. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in healthy humans, we recorded tongue motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) as an index of tM1 cortico-hypoglossal excitability. MEPs were recorded while participants viewed pictures associated with gustatory disgust and revulsion (i.e., rotten foods and faces expressing distaste), non oral-related disgusting stimuli (i...
September 10, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Priyanka Mall, Pooran Chand, Balendra Pratap Singh, Jitendra Rao, Ramashanker Siddarth, Kirti Srivastava
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to perform an objective and subjective evaluation of the efficacy of positioning stents in radiation-induced xerostomia in patients with tongue carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients with tongue carcinoma and undergoing conventional radiotherapy were randomly assigned to control (n = 15) and study (n = 15) groups, without and with a positioning stent, respectively. Assessment of salivary output reduction was done before and after radiotherapy, at 3- and 6-month intervals, by measurement of unstimulated and stimulated salivary flow rates (objective evaluation)...
September 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Clemens Heiser, Erica Thaler, Maurits Boon, Ryan J Soose, B Tucker Woodson
Selective upper airway stimulation has been established as an additional treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Essential for the treatment is the precise placement of the cuff electrode for select branches of the hypoglossal nerve, which innervate the protrusors and stiffeners of the tongue. A direct approach to the distal hypoglossal nerve has been established to achieve this goal. For surgeons, detailed knowledge of this anatomy is vital. Another decisive step is the placement of the sensing lead between the intercostal muscles...
September 2016: Laryngoscope
Ran Yu, Yumei Ding, Lijuan Zhu, Yinying Qu, Chenguang Zhang, Lin Liu, Lili Chen
OBJECTIVE: Wounds are common in the oral cavity. During wound healing, several cytokines are released, which are probably helpful in providing wound debridement, removal of damaged tissues and microbes. Most of the target cells of IL-22 are epithelial cells, which play an important role in mucosa immunity. DESIGN: The function of IL-22 in oral diseases is not well understood. We investigated the expression level of IL-22, collagen I and p-stat3 (Tyr705) via a mice tongue wound model in vivo and detected the effect of IL-22 on the expression of MMP-1, type I collagen and p-stat3 in keratinocytes...
August 2, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Noritaka Ohga, Yutaka Yamazaki, Jun Sato, Takuya Asaka, Masahiro Morimoto, Hironobu Hata, Chiharu Satoh, Yoshimasa Kitagawa
OBJECTIVES: Candida infections are frequently encountered fungal infections in the oral mucosa. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of eliminating Candida spp. on stimulated whole salivary flow rate (SWS) in patients with oral candidiasis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study involved 66 patients with oral candidiasis. Fifty-two consecutive patients, successfully treated by antifungal therapy, were available to examine the effect of elimination of oral Candida spp...
November 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Eli Sapir, Yebin Tao, Felix Feng, Stuart Samuels, Issam El Naqa, Carol A Murdoch-Kinch, Mary Feng, Matthew Schipper, Avraham Eisbruch
OBJECTIVE(S): Dysgeusia is a significant factor reducing quality of life and worsening dysphagia in patients receiving chemoradiation therapy for head and neck cancer. The factors affecting dysgeusia severity are uncertain. We investigated the effects on patient-reported dysgeusia of doses to the oral cavity, salivary output (required to dissolve food particles), and patient-reported xerostomia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventy-three patients with stage III to IV oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) (N=73) receiving definitive intensity modulated radiation therapy concurrently with chemotherapy participated in a prospective, longitudinal study of quality of life (QOL), including assessment of patient-reported gustatory function by taste-related questions from the Head and Neck QOL instrument (HNQOL) and the University of Washington Head and Neck-related QOL instrument (UWQOL), before therapy and periodically after treatment...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Asim Mustafa Khan, Veena Sathya Narayanan, Jaishankar Homberhalli Puttabuddi, Rachita Chengappa, Vijaya Kumara Ambaldhage, Purnachandrarao Naik, Syed Ahmed Raheel
INTRODUCTION: Smoking in long term is not only responsible for cancerous changes but is also one of the reasons of altered taste sensation in smokers. These taste changes are hypothesized to be due to reduction in density of fungiform papillae on the dorsum of the tongue. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between fungiform papillae count, blood Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) and electrogustometric thresholds in smokers and non-smokers...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
N Suzuki, A Fujimoto, M Yoneda, T Watanabe, T Hirofuji, T Hanioka
BACKGROUND: Dryness of the oral cavity is considered one cause of oral malodor. However, it is unclear which of the factors regulating the wetness of the oral cavity are involved in oral malodor development. This study investigated the effects of salivary flow and oral mucosal moisture on oral malodor. METHODS: The study population comprised 119 patients (48 men and 71 women, mean age of 50.6 ± 15.4 years) with complaint of oral malodor. After the oral malodor level had been evaluated by the organoleptic test and gas chromatography, the rates of stimulated saliva and resting saliva and the moisture levels of the tongue and buccal mucosa were measured...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Naoki Kaneko, Shintaro Kawano, Ryota Matsubara, Yuichi Goto, Teppei Jinno, Yasuyuki Maruse, Taiki Sakamoto, Yuma Hashiguchi, Masakazu Iida, Seiji Nakamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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