keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hallucination

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332009/poststroke-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Helle Stangeland, Vasiliki Orgeta, Vaughan Bell
A preregistered systematic review of poststroke psychosis examining clinical characteristics, prevalence, diagnostic procedures, lesion location, treatments, risk factors and outcome. Neuropsychiatric outcomes following stroke are common and severely impact quality of life. No previous reviews have focused on poststroke psychosis despite clear clinical need. CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsychINFO were searched for studies on poststroke psychosis published between 1975 and 2016. Reviewers independently selected studies for inclusion, extracted data and rated study quality...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331953/efficacy-tolerability-and-acceptability-of-oxycodone-for-cancer-related-pain-in-adults-an-updated-cochrane-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Mia Schmidt-Hansen, Michael I Bennett, Stephanie Arnold, Nathan Bromham, Jennifer S Hilgart
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, tolerability and acceptability of oxycodone for cancer pain in adults METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, Embase, SCI, Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science, BIOSIS, PsycINFO and four trials registries to November 2016. RESULTS: We included 23 randomised controlled trials with 2144 patients analysed for efficacy and 2363 for safety. Meta-analyses showed no significant differences between controlled-release (CR) and immediate-release oxycodone in pain intensity or adverse events but did show significantly better pain relief after treatment with CR morphine compared with CR oxycodone...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329040/do-adverse-life-events-at-first-onset-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-influence-subsequent-voice-characteristics-results-from-an-epidemiological-study
#3
Josef J Bless, Frank Larøi, Julien Laloyaux, Kristiina Kompus, Bodil Kråkvik, Einar Vedul-Kjelsås, Anne Martha Kalhovde, Kenneth Hugdahl
Understanding what happens at first onset of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) is extremely important on a clinical and theoretical level. Previous studies have only focused on age with regard to first onset of AVHs. In the current epidemiological study, we examined a number of aspects relating to first onset of AVHs, such as the role of adverse life events at first onset of AVHs on symptom severity and general mental health. For this purpose, we compared participants who reported adverse life events at first onset of AHVs (adverse-trigger group; N = 76) to those that did not report any specific events at first onset of AVHs (no-adverse-trigger group; N = 59) on a large array of variables...
December 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329038/hallucinations-as-a-presenting-complaint-in-emergency-departments-prevalence-diagnosis-and-costs
#4
Flavie Waters, Milan Dragovic
Hallucinations occur in the context of many disorders. When experienced as distressing, they are a likely cause of presentation to emergency departments. Knowledge about the rates, diagnoses, and associated costs of hallucinations in emergency departments however is currently lacking. In this study, we analysed patients' presenting complaints in Western Australia's Emergency Department Data Collection dataset during a two year period (n = 1,798,754). Visits to emergency departments because of distressing hallucinations were more common than previously assumed...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320912/fostering-transformation-by-hearing-voices-evaluating-a-6-second-low-fidelity-simulation
#5
Brenda Marshall, Julie Bliss, Benjamin Evans, Oksana Dukhan
BACKGROUND: The stigma of psychosis, with the accompanying symptoms of auditory and visual hallucinations, can affect a nurse's ability to provide safe, effective care. Increasing knowledge of the patient's perspective during auditory hallucinations can increase the nurse's ability to be empathetic and engage in a therapeutic alliance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a six-second auditory hallucination simulation to increase empathy in preclinical undergraduate nursing students...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317216/multisensory-temporal-binding-window-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Han-Yu Zhou, Xin-Lu Cai, Michael Weigl, Peter Bang, Eric F C Cheung, Raymond C K Chan
Multisensory temporal integration could be compromised in both autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) and may play an important role in perceptual and cognitive impairment in these two disorders. This review aimed to quantitatively compare the sensory temporal acuity between healthy controls and the two clinical groups (ASD and SSD). Impairment of sensory temporal integration was robust and comparable in both patients with SSD (Hedges' g=0.91, 95%CI[0.62-1.19]; Z=6.21, p<...
January 6, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316780/psen1-p-met233val-in-a-complex-neurodegenerative-movement-and-neuropsychiatric-disorder
#7
Silke Appel-Cresswell, Ilaria Guella, Anna Lehman, Dean Foti, Matthew J Farrer
Mutations in presenilin 1 (PSEN1) are the most common cause of autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease. Here, we report a Canadian-Vietnamese family carrying a PSEN1 p.Met233Val mutation with an exceptionally early and severe presentation that includes a wide range of atypical symptoms, including prominent ataxia, Parkinsonism, spasticity, dystonia, action tremor, myoclonus, bulbar symptoms, seizures, hallucinations and behavioral changes. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed on the affected proband after many assessments over several years proved diagnostically inconclusive...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307436/a-15-year-old-boy-with-mysterious-variability-in-apnea-hypopnea-index
#8
Anna M May, Kamal Gandotra, Dennis H Auckley
A 15-year-old boy presented as a direct referral for polysomnography for evaluation of snoring, unrefreshing sleep, and daytime sleepiness despite a self-reported average of 8 hours of sleep a night. The mother reported he snored intermittently, although there were no witnessed apneic episodes or fragmented sleep. He denied morning headaches. He reported that his sleep was generally unrefreshing and he would experience significant daytime sleepiness, especially after school or when doing his homework. However, his Epworth Sleepiness Scale score was only 3 of 24...
January 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306709/a-face-identity-hallucination-palinopsia-generated-by-intracerebral-stimulation-of-the-face-selective-right-lateral-fusiform-cortex
#9
Jacques Jonas, Hélène Brissart, Gabriela Hossu, Sophie Colnat-Coulbois, Jean-Pierre Vignal, Bruno Rossion, Louis Maillard
We report the case of a patient (MB, young female human subject) who systematically experienced confusion between perceived facial identities specifically when electrically stimulated inside the lateral section of the right fusiform gyrus. In the presence of a face stimulus (an experimenter or a photograph), intracerebral electrical stimulation in this region generated a perceptual hallucination of an individual facial part integrated within the whole perceived face, i.e., facial palinopsia. In the presence of a distracting stimulus (visual scene or object picture), the patient also experienced an individual face percept superimposed on the non-face stimulus...
December 9, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305687/genetics-and-treatment-response-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update-on-pharmacogenetic-studies
#10
REVIEW
Cristina Politi, Cinzia Ciccacci, Giuseppe Novelli, Paola Borgiani
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a progressive loss of dopamine neurons of the central nervous system. The disease determines a significant disability due to a combination of motor symptoms such as bradykinesia, rigidity and rest tremor and non-motor symptoms such as sleep disorders, hallucinations, psychosis and compulsive behaviors. The current therapies consist in combination of drugs acting to control only the symptoms of the illness by the replacement of the dopamine lost...
January 5, 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305294/cortical-folding-abnormalities-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-who-have-persistent-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#11
Katharina M Kubera, Philipp A Thomann, Dusan Hirjak, Anja Barth, Fabio Sambataro, Nenad Vasic, Nadine D Wolf, Karel Frasch, R Christian Wolf
In schizophrenia temporal cortical volume loss differs between patients presenting with persistent auditory verbal hallucinations (pAVH) in contrast to those without hallucinatory symptoms (nAVH). However, it is unknown whether this deficit reflects a neural signature of neurodevelopmental origin or if abnormal temporal cortical volume is reflective of factors which may be relevant at later stages of the disorder. Here, we tested the hypothesis that local gyrification index (LGI) in regions of the temporal cortex differs between patients with pAVH (n=10) and healthy controls (n=14), and that abnormal temporal LGI discriminates between pAVH and nAVH (n=10)...
January 2, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301025/childhood-trauma-is-associated-with-severity-of-hallucinations-and-delusions-in-psychotic-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Thomas Bailey, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Ana M Garcia-Sanchez, Carol Hulbert, Emma Barlow, Sarah Bendall
Introduction: Childhood trauma is a risk factor for the development of psychosis. Furthermore, a number of theories propose specific mechanisms by which childhood trauma may contribute to more severe positive and negative psychotic symptoms, some of which are supported empirically. The robustness of this empirical evidence is unclear due to mixed results and methodological limitations of individual studies. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence for associations between childhood trauma and severity of hallucinations, delusions, and negative psychotic symptoms in clinical populations with a diagnosed psychotic disorder is needed...
January 2, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296031/dextromethorphan-in-cough-syrup-the-poor-man-s-psychosis
#13
Bridgette Martinak, Ramy A Bolis, Jeffrey Ryne Black, Rachel E Fargason, Badari Birur
Dextromethorphan (3-methoxy-N-methylmorphinan), also known as "DXM" and "the poor man's PCP," is a synthetically produced drug that is available in more than 140 over-the-counter cough and cold preparations. Dextromethorphan (DXM) has overtaken codeine as the most widely used cough suppressant due to its availability, efficacy, and safety profile at directed doses. However, DXM is subject to abuse. When consumed at inappropriately high doses (over 1500 mg/day), DXM can induce a state of psychosis characterized by Phencyclidine (PCP)-like psychological symptoms, including delusions, hallucinations, and paranoia...
September 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295025/does-gender-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-cultural-betrayal-trauma-and-hallucinations-in-latino-undergraduates-at-a-predominantly-white-university
#14
Jennifer M Gómez
Violence victimization, such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, has been linked with hallucinations. How abuse-related distress manifests is dependent on a host of factors, including gender, ethnicity, and societal inequality. Cultural betrayal trauma theory may provide insight into hallucinatory experiences for Latinos in the United States, as it is a contextualized framework that identifies societal trauma (e.g., discrimination) as a contributor to the harm of within-group interpersonal violence victimization in minority populations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287863/demonstration-of-analgesic-effect-of-intranasal-ketamine-and-intranasal-fentanyl-for-postoperative-pain-after-pediatric-tonsillectomy
#15
Alper Yenigun, Sinan Yilmaz, Remzi Dogan, Seda Sezen Goktas, Muhittin Calim, Orhan Ozturan
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillectomy is one of the oldest and most commonly performed surgical procedure in otolaryngology. Postoperative pain management is still an unsolved problem. In this study, our aim is to demonstrate the efficacy of intranasal ketamine and intranasal fentanyl for postoperative pain relief after tonsillectomy in children. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This randomized-controlled study was conducted to evaluate the effects of intranasal ketamine and intranasal fentanyl in children undergoing tonsillectomy...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284822/right-sided-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-attentional-salience-of-auditory-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia
#16
Damodharan Dinakaran, Rujuta Parlikar, Vanteemar S Sreeraj, Anuradha Neikar, Sachin Nagendrappa, Venkataram Shivakumar, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a safe, noninvasive technique demonstrated to reduce persistent auditory hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia. Here, we report the differential effect of tDCS on auditory hallucinations against other positive symptoms and also the use of right-sided tDCS in patients with increased attentional salience toward auditory hallucinations.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282872/psychotic-spectrum-symptoms-cumulative-adversity-exposure-and-substance-use-among-high-risk-girls
#17
Amy E Lansing, Wendy Y Plante, Christine Fennema-Notestine, Shahrokh Golshan, Audrey N Beck
AIM: Psychotic-spectrum symptoms are linked to trauma, substance/alcohol use (SAU), criminality/violence and poor functional outcomes, supporting the need for early detection in vulnerable populations. To better understand high-risk girls' mental health, we assessed: (1) psychotic-spectrum symptoms; (2) cumulative trauma, adversity and loss exposures (C-TALE) and adversity-indicators (symptoms, maladaptive coping, stressor-reactivity); and SAU risk-factors; and (3) relationships among psychotic-spectrum symptoms, adversity-indicators and SAU risk-factors...
December 28, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282408/behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-correlates-and-impact-on-caregiver-distress
#18
Adreesh Mukherjee, Atanu Biswas, Arijit Roy, Samar Biswas, Goutam Gangopadhyay, Shyamal Kumar Das
Aims: To evaluate the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), to determine their correlation with types and stages of dementia and patient demographics, and to assess the impact on caregiver distress. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited consecutive dementia patients and caregivers who attended our cognitive clinic. Standard criteria were used to classify types of dementia. BPSD were assessed with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, and its distress scale was used for caregiver distress...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278715/accumulation-of-beta-synuclein-in-cortical-neurons-is-associated-with-autophagy-attenuation-in-the-brains-of-dementia-with-lewy-body-patients
#19
Tracey Evans, Wai Ling Kok, Katrina Cowan, Megan Hefford, Oleg Anichtchik
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative dementia, where an accumulation of aggregated fibrillar alpha-synuclein in neurons of limbic and forebrain regions of the brain leads to visual hallucination, cognitive impairment of a fluctuating nature and extrapyramidal motor disturbances. Beta-synuclein counteracts aggregation of alpha-synuclein in vitro and in animal models, however it is not clear whether this effect occurs in human Lewy body dementia (LBD) diseases. Here we examine expression of alpha-, beta-synuclein and autophagy markers in the frontal cortex (BA9) and occipital cortex (BA18-19) of patients with neuropathologically confirmed DLB/LBD and age-matched controls...
December 23, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278570/why-is-this-patient-having-visual-hallucinations
#20
Tahra Soofi, Andrew Mackner, Leonid Skorin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
keyword
keyword
27570
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"